José Cruz

José Cruz Dilan (born August 8, 1947) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder. He is also the former first base coach for the Houston Astros. During his 19-year baseball career (1970–1988), he played for three teams, primarily for the Astros. He is a member of one of Puerto Rico's most famous Major League families and is the brother of former Major Leaguers Héctor Cruz and Tommy Cruz.

Cruz is nicknamed "Cheo," and many baseball fans refer to him as Cheo Cruz. He and his wife, Zoraida, make their home in Houston. They have four children: José Javier, Shakira, José Jr., also a former Major League outfielder, and José Enrique Cruz, a former Minor League infielder.

José Cruz
Jose Cruz at 2014 SABR Convention
Cruz in 2014
Born: August 8, 1947 (age 71)
Arroyo, Puerto Rico
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
September 19, 1970, for the St. Louis Cardinals
Last MLB appearance
July 19, 1988, for the New York Yankees
MLB statistics
Batting average.284
Home runs165
Runs batted in1,077
Career highlights and awards


Cruz debuted with the St. Louis Cardinals in 1970. His four-year stay in St. Louis was unremarkable, but Cruz's career got a reboot in 1975 when he was traded to the Houston Astros. After the Astros posted an 81–81 record in 1974, the team traded first baseman Lee May to the Baltimore Orioles, which allowed Astros left fielder Bob Watson to move the first base, opening the left field position to Cruz or teammate Greg Gross. By 1976, Cruz had secured the left field spot. During his playing days, Cruz was arguably the most famous baseball player (not counting the late Roberto Clemente) in Puerto Rico.

Cruz signed as a free agent with the New York Yankees in 1988, retiring at the end of the season. He had a total of 165 home runs and 1,077 RBI during his career, while hitting for a .284 batting average.

AstrosRet 25
José Cruz's number 25 was retired by the Houston Astros in 1992.

Cruz has been involved with all but one of the Astros' 11 postseason appearances, three as a player (1980, 1981 and 1986); six as a coach (1997–1999, 2001, 2004–2005); and two as special assistant to the general manager (2015 and 2017). As a player in the postseason, he hit .400 in the five-game series against the Philadelphia Phillies in the 1980 NLCS. Cruz represented the Astros in the MLB All-Star Game in 1980 in Los Angeles and 1985 in Minnesota. He finished third in NL MVP voting in 1980, sixth in 1983, and eighth in 1984. He won the NL Silver Slugger Award as an outfielder in 1983 and 1984. In 1983, Cruz led the NL in hits with 189.

Cruz had played in more games than any other player in the history of the Houston franchise (1,870) before being passed by Craig Biggio in 2001. In 2000, Cruz coached from first base as Biggio surpassed many of his other long-standing franchise records, including at-bats, hits, and total bases. His 80 triples remains an Astros' record, as does his 6 career walk-off home runs. His last home run, on July 17, 1988, was a pinch-hit grand slam against the Chicago White Sox in a 7–4 loss.[1]

On October 3, 1992, Cruz was honored by the Astros when the team retired his number 25; Cruz's former teammate Mike Scott had his number 33 retired at the same time. In 1999, Cruz was selected by a panel of experts as one of three outfielders on the All-Astrodome team. In 2003, he was inducted into the Texas Baseball Hall of Fame. In 2005, he agreed to coach for the team representing Puerto Rico in the 2006 World Baseball Classic, which was managed by José Oquendo, and included his own son, José Cruz, Jr.

After retiring from baseball, Cruz managed in both the Texas–Louisiana League and the Puerto Rican Winter League before returning as first base coach for the Astros from 1997-2009. He is now a special assistant to the team.

Jose Cruz was inducted into the Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame on September 13, 2002, in pregame, on-field ceremony at Minute Maid Park in Houston, Texas.

See also


  1. ^ Martinez, Michael (July 17, 1988). "BASEBALL; Cruz's Grand Slam Fails to Lift Yanks". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-11.

External links

Preceded by
Ryne Sandberg
National League Player of the Month
July 1984
Succeeded by
Keith Moreland
Preceded by
Bobby Meacham
Houston Astros first base coach
Succeeded by
Rick Sweet
1972 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1972 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 91st season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 81st season in the National League. The Cardinals went 75–81 during the season and finished fourth in the National League East, 21½ games behind the Pittsburgh Pirates.

1975 Houston Astros season

The 1975 Houston Astros season was a season in American baseball. The team finished last in the National League West with a record of 64–97, 43​1⁄2 games behind the Cincinnati Reds. The Astros' .398 winning percentage is, as of 2010, the worst in franchise history. Houston also lost 97 games in 1965 and 1991.

1980 Houston Astros season

The 1980 Houston Astros season was a season in American baseball. The team finished in a tie for first place in the National League West with a record of 92-70 with the Los Angeles Dodgers. The teams played a one-game playoff to determine the division champion, which the Astros won, marking the first time in franchise history that the team qualified for the postseason. They went on to face the Philadelphia Phillies in the NLCS, losing three games to two.

1980 National League Championship Series

The 1980 National League Championship Series was played between the Philadelphia Phillies and the Houston Astros from October 7 to 12. Philadelphia won the series three games to two to advance to the World Series, eventually defeating the Kansas City Royals for their first World Championship. The 1980 NLCS is widely regarded as one of the most exciting postseason series in baseball history. The last four games went into extra innings; Game 1, the only one that went 9 innings, ended in a 3–1 Philadelphia victory.

2000 Caribbean Series

The forty-second edition of the Caribbean Series (Serie del Caribe) was held from February 2 through February 8 of 2000 with the champion baseball teams of the Dominican Republic, Águilas Cibaeñas; Mexico, Mayos de Navojoa; Puerto Rico, Cangrejeros de Santurce, and Venezuela, Águilas del Zulia. The format consisted of 12 games, each team facing the other teams twice, and the games were played at Estadio Quisqueya in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

Arturo Cruz

Arturo José Cruz Porras (December 18, 1923 – July 9, 2013), sometimes called Arturo Cruz, Sr. to distinguish him from his son, was a Nicaraguan banker and technocrat. He became prominent in politics during the Sandinista (FSLN) era. After repeatedly resigning from positions in protest, opinion divided between those who lauded him as a statesman and man of principle, and those who derided him as an ineffectual hand-wringer.

Arturo Cruz Jr.

Arturo José Cruz Sequeira (born 1953), also known as Arturo Cruz Jr., is a Nicaraguan Contra, diplomat and professor. The son of Nicaraguan politician Arturo Cruz, became involved in the exile politics of the Contra rebels opposing the Sandinista (FSLN) government in the 1980s, and later served as the Ambassador of Nicaragua to the United States for two years from 2007 to 2009. Prior to his ambassadorship, Cruz was a tenured professor at Instituto Centroamericano de Administración de Empresas Business School in Managua, Nicaragua, and a visiting professor at the Advanced School of Economics and Business in San Salvador, El Salvador.

Honduran Chess Championship

The Honduran Chess Championship is organized by FENAH (Spanish: Federación Nacional de Ajedrez de Honduras), the chess federation of Honduras, which was founded in 1993.

Jose Cruz

Jose Cruz may refer to:

José Cruz (born 1947), baseball player

Jose B. Cruz Jr., Filipino mathematician

José de la Cruz (1746–1829), Filipino writer

José Cruz (Honduran footballer) (born 1949), Honduran footballer

Camarón de la Isla (1950–1992), stage name of José Monje Cruz

José Luis Cruz Cruz (born 1959), Puerto Rican politician and mayor of Trujillo Alto

José Cruz Jr. (born 1974), baseball player

José E. Cruz (born 1984), baseball player with the Spanish national team

José Cruz (Spanish footballer) (born 1988), Spanish footballer

José da Cruz Cardinal Policarpo (1936–2014)

José Cruz (Honduran footballer)

José Luis Cruz Figueroa (born 12 June 1949) is a retired Honduran football player.

José Cruz (Spanish footballer)

José Manuel Cruz Orozco (born 10 August 1988) is a Spanish footballer who plays as a defender.

José Cruz (baseball, born 1984)

Jose Estebin Montero Cruz (born September 4, 1984) is a Dominican professional baseball outfielder, who is currently with the Spain national baseball team. He is the brother of Rhiner Cruz.

José Cruz Gutiérrez

José Cruz Gutiérrez (born June 10, 1982 in Guadalajara, Jalisco) is a former Mexican professional footballer who played in Liga MX with Monterrey. He is best known as "Pepe Cruz"

José Cruz Herrera

José Cruz Herrera (1 October 1890 – 11 August 1972) was a Spanish painter who concentrated principally on genre works and landscape art. He worked in Spain, Uruguay, Argentina, France and especially Morocco, where he lived for much of his life in Casablanca. Many of his works are displayed at the Museo Cruz Herrera in his home town of La Línea de la Concepción (Cádiz).

José Cruz Jr.

José Luis Cruz Jr. (born April 19, 1974), is a retired Major League Baseball outfielder. Over his 12-year playing career, Cruz played for nine different teams. Standing 6'0" tall and weighing 210 pounds, Cruz was a right-handed switch hitter. He is the son of former major league outfielder and Houston Astros first base coach José Cruz, and the nephew of former big leaguers Héctor and Tommy Cruz.

José Leonardo Cruz

José Leonardo Cruz (born 17 December 1975) is a Colombian boxer. He competed in the men's lightweight event at the 2000 Summer Olympics.

Museo Cruz Herrera

Museo José Cruz Herrera is a museum in La Línea de la Concepción, Spain. Established in 1975, it is named after José Cruz Herrera who is known for his portraits.

Orlando Juice

The Orlando Juice was one of the eight original franchises that began playing in the Senior Professional Baseball Association in 1989. The team was managed by Gates Brown, while Dyar Miller and Bill Stein served as player-coaches.In their inaugural season, the Juice finished third in the Northern Division with a 37-35 record, narrowly missing the playoffs. The team had a slow start with Brown at the helm (9-12), but improved in the midseason (28-23) under Miller's management.Pitcher Pete Falcone anchored the club's pitching staff with a 10-3 record, and Bob Galasso contributed with a 9-2 mark and topped the staff with a 2.67 ERA. The offensive was led by José Cruz, who hit a .306 average with a team-best 10 home runs and 49 runs batted in, while Randy Bass batted .393 and drove in 27 runs. Nevertheless, the Orlando Juice ceased operations at the end of the season.

Tommy Cruz

Cirilo "Tommy" Cruz Dilan (born February 15, 1951 in Arroyo, Puerto Rico) is a former outfielder in Major League Baseball who played for the St. Louis Cardinals (1973) and Chicago White Sox (1977). Cruz batted and threw left-handed. He is the brother of Héctor and José Cruz, and uncle of José Cruz, Jr.


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