Jorge Hank Rhon

Jorge Hank Rhon (born January 28, 1956) is a Mexican businessman and owner of Mexico's largest sports betting company, Grupo Caliente. He served from December 2004 to February 2007 as the president of the municipality of Tijuana. He is the son of former Mexico City mayor Carlos Hank González and Guadalupe Rhon. Hank is the father of professional tennis player Tigre Hank and of Matador Alejandro Amaya.

Jorge Hank Rhon
Jorge hank rhon Entrevista
19th Municipal president of Tijuana
In office
Preceded byJosé de Jesús González Reyes
Succeeded byKurt Honold
Personal details
BornJanuary 28, 1956 (age 63)[1]
Toluca, Estado de México
Political partyPRI
Spouse(s)María Elvia Amaya Carolina Kabande
ResidenceTijuana, Baja California


Of German descent,[2] Jorge Hank Rhon studied at the Alexander von Humboldt German College and Industrial Engineering at the Universidad Anáhuac in the State of Mexico. In 1980 he founded the Grupo Taos, a company that operates pet stores and amusement parks of which he is the President of the Board and General Director. He moved to Tijuana in 1985 to manage the Agua Caliente Racetrack and formed the Grupo Caliente which includes the dog racing track, a hotel, a mall and a network of entertainment centers in 19 states of Mexico as well as 13 countries of Central, South America and Europe. The number of employees of the racetrack grew from 700 to close to 6,000. During his management Tijuana has hosted the Señorita México pageant, the World Boxing title fight between Julio César Chávez and Danilo Cabrera and from 1986 to 1988 the Caribe International Classic Horserace, considered the most important in Latin America. The Racetrack also hosts the Day of the Three Wise Men, Children's Day, Mother's Day where thousands of children and their mothers receive free food, gifts and an entertainment show since 1988. Hank also created the Cuauhtémoc Hank Foundation to give scholarships to students of all grades including studies in foreign schools.[3] On April 20, 1988 a local newspaper columnist, Hector "El Gato" Felix Miranda was assassinated on his way to work. The gunmen turned out to be security guards at the Caliente track, and one had worked as well for Hank Rhon's father, Carlos Hank. To this day the independent newsweekly in Tijuana, ZETA, runs a full page ad with white letters: "Jorge Hank: Why did your bodyguards assassinate me?" 'El Gato' had been a fierce critic of the Hank family.[4]

Campaign for municipal president

Hank won the Tijuana mayoral race of 2004, beating PAN candidate Jorge Ramos by a slim margin, thus ending 15 years of PAN government in Tijuana.

Mayor of Tijuana

The most notable infrastructure improvement in Tijuana during the Hank administration was the multi-million investment on an underpass at the Alba Roja intersection, just south of the 5 y 10 intersection. The 5 y 10 intersection is one of the most famous in the city and with the heaviest traffic. The investment was for a figure close to 45 million pesos, more than four million dollars.[5]

On February 8, 2005 the Hank administration inaugurated the five million pesos[6] Center of Communication, Control, Computing and Command (C4) that included 60 high definition cameras.[7] In order the reduce kidnappings, a problem of Tijuana for many years, the municipal government started a program of installing GPS devices on the cars of potential victims.[8] In 2007, a program of road safety cameras was introduced in Tijuana that issued speeding tickets in which some drivers received up to 800 tickets issued the same day, same time, and on the same location.[9]

The Hank administration produced significant urban development but failed to significantly reduce crime[10] In 2007, the Operation Tijuana of the Federal Government only momentarily reduced serious crimes and ordinary crimes increased 40%[11] and it was detected corruption amongst the federal forces.[12] The operation was then extended to the five municipalities of the state and dubbed Operation Baja California, per request of the governor Eugenio Elorduy Walther.[13]

On February 20, 2007 Hank requested a license to leave his post as mayor. The license was approved by nine PRI representatives with six PAN representatives rejecting the license and one PRD representative abstaining from voting.[14] Multiple billboards reporting Hank actions as mayor were put out after the annual report and PAN representative complained and offered to remove the PAN-sponsored radio spots on fighting radar camera-issued tickets.[15]

Run for governor of Baja California

At the end of 2006, Jorge Hank expressed his wishes to run a campaign for the 2007 Baja California state election. This flared up comments from PAN politicians[16] saying that he would be violating the state's Antichapulin ("anti-grasshopper") law which prohibits a person of public office to "jump" from one charge to another without ending their current term.

In February 2007 he requested permission from leaving his post as municipal president to accept the candidacy for governor by the Alianza para que vivas mejor (The Alliance So You May live better), which was approved by his party's regidores and denied by the PAN regidores. The PAN also accused five district electoral council members of partiality towards Hank because they served as judges during his administration as president of Tijuana. The Federal Electoral Tribune rejected the complaint determining that the law does not have such restriction that would prevent these five lawyers from serving as judges and then as council members[17]

On June 20, 2007, Baja California's state elections court voted 2 to 1 in favor of the validity of the so-called "anti grasshopper law" thus cancelling Hank's bid for Governor. He appealed the decision before the Federal Electoral Tribunal, which unanimously ruled to uphold his candidacy on July 7, holding that the state law contravened the electoral and political rights of the citizenry. Pending that decision, Hank was not a registered candidate and had to abstain from campaigning. The election date was Sunday August 5, 2007.

According to the Baja California's State Electoral Institute, Jorge Hank lost the election by 8 points (almost 55,000 votes) against Jose Guadalupe Osuna Millan, PAN's candidate.

Preceded by
José de Jesús González Reyes
Municipal president of Tijuana
Succeeded by
Kurt Honold

See also


  1. ^ Official Campaign site Archived 2007-05-24 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^
  3. ^ Official Campaign site
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ El Sol de Tijuana, February 19, 2007
  6. ^ Government of Baja California Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Government of Tijuana Archived 2007-06-10 at the Wayback Machine, February 1, 2005
  8. ^ La Prensa San Diego, September 29, 2006
  9. ^ Frontera February 28, 2007
  10. ^ Panorama de Baja California Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, March 2007
  11. ^ Frontera, May 7, 2007.
  12. ^ Univision Archived 2008-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, January 22, 2007
  13. ^ Frontera Archived 2007-05-10 at the Wayback Machine, Abril 26, 2007.
  14. ^ Jornada, February 20, 2007.
  15. ^ El Sol de Tijuana, February 27, 2007.
  16. ^ PAN confident that the Anti-grasshopper law will be reversed Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, La Crónica December 23, 2006.
  17. ^ Desecha tribunal queja de PAN sobre Hank Rohn, El Universal, May 5, 2007

External links

Adela Navarro Bello

Adela Navarro Bello (born 1968 in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico) is a Mexican journalist and the general director of the Tijuana weekly magazine Zeta. Zeta, which was founded in 1980, is one of the few publications that frequently reports on organized crime, drug trafficking, and corruption in Mexico's border cities. Multiple editors and reporters working for Zeta have been murdered, including Héctor Félix Miranda, co-founder of Zeta, and co-editor Francisco Ortiz Franco.

Alberto Murguia Orozco

Alberto Murguia Orozco (born 1955) is a Mexican businessman and politician. He is best identified as a partner of Jorge Hank Rhon in Grupo Caliente, one of Latin America's largest gaming corporations. Murguia first became elected to public office in 2006, when he was elected as a federal supplemental senator for the Partido Revolucionario Institucional. [1] He is also the co-owner of the Mexican professional soccer team Club Tijuana.[2]

Carlos Hank González

Carlos Hank González (1927–2001), nicknamed El Profesor ("The Professor"), was a Mexican politician and influential businessman. Originally a teacher, he was an entrepreneur who built political contacts along with a business empire, leading to various government and political positions at the state (State of Mexico) and national level. He was prevented from seeking the presidency due to laws requiring both parents to be Mexicans by birth; his father was German. He became a main powerbroker of then ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and was regarded as "the most powerful fixture in Mexican politics for 30 years because his influence extended beyond the length of any one presidential term."

Chinatowns in Latin America

Chinatowns in Latin America (Spanish: barrios chinos, singular barrio chino / Portuguese: bairros chineses, singular bairro chinês) developed with the rise of Chinese immigration in the 19th century to various countries in Latin America as contract laborers (i.e., indentured servants) in agricultural and fishing industries. Most came from Guangdong Province. Since the 1970s, the new arrivals have typically hailed from Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan. Latin American Chinatowns may include the descendants of original migrants — often of mixed Chinese and Latino parentage — and more recent immigrants from East Asia. Most Asian Latin Americans are of Cantonese and Hakka origin.

Estimates widely vary on the number of Chinese Descendants in Latin America but it is at least

1.4 million and likely much greater than this.

Unlike the Chinatowns of Anglo America and Europe, pure-blood ethnic Chinese were relatively few in number but now increasing rapidly due to generally lower levels of Chinese immigration to some parts of Latin America. Residents of Latin American Chinatowns tend to be multilingual. Latin America's Chinatowns include those of Mexico City, Havana, Buenos Aires, and Lima. Some of these Chinatowns mainly serve as tourist attractions and not as true, living ethnic communities. The Chinatown of Havana, Cuba's is largely multi-generation Spanish-speaking Chinese Cuban whereas the Chinatown of the Belgrano district of Buenos Aires, Argentina consists of many first-generation Holo- and Mandarin-speaking immigrants from Taiwan.

Politically, several nations of Latin America recognize the government of the Republic of China in Taiwan. A Chinese arch was presented as a gift to the Barrio Chino of Panama City, following the visit of Panama by the then Taiwanese President Lee Teng-hui. After the major official visit by the Cuban Revolution's Fidel Castro to the People's Republic of China in 1995, materials were given for the new Chinese arch on Calle Dragone in Havana's Barrio Chino.

Club Tijuana

Club Tijuana Xoloitzcuintles de Caliente, commonly referred to as Xolos de Tijuana, or simply as Xolos, is a Mexican professional football club from Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico. Founded in January 2007, the club was promoted to Liga MX in 2011, where they have played since. They won their first title in the 2012 Apertura.

Crime in Mexico

Crime is among the most urgent concerns facing Mexico, as Mexican drug trafficking rings play a major role in the flow of cocaine, heroin, and marijuana transiting between Latin America and the United States. Drug trafficking has led to corruption, which has had a deleterious effect on Mexico's Federal Representative Republic. Drug trafficking and organized crime have also been a major source of violent crime in Mexico.

Mexico has experienced increasingly high crime rates, especially in major urban centers. The country's great economic polarization has stimulated criminal activity mainly in the lower socioeconomic strata, which include the majority of the country's population. Crime continues at high levels, and is repeatedly marked by violence, especially in the cities of Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez, and the states of Baja California, Durango, Sinaloa, Guerrero, Chihuahua, Michoacán, Tamaulipas, and Nuevo León. Other metropolitan areas have lower, yet still serious, levels of crime. Low apprehension and conviction rates contribute to the high crime rate. Since many crimes go unreported, the rates may be much higher than reported by the government. The murder rate in 2015 was 14 per 100,000. Most of the crime is committed by a small proportion of the population involved in the drug trade with about half of murders drug related.Assault and theft make up the vast majority of crimes. While urban areas tend to have higher crime rates, as is typical in most countries, the United States–Mexico border has also been a problematic area. In 2017, Mexico witnessed a record number of murders with 29,158 homicides recorded.Mexico is Latin America's most dangerous country for journalists according to the Global Criminality Index 2016. A large number of these crimes go unpunished, which has led to campaigns in the press and demonstrations highlighting the supposed 'impunity' of those responsible for murdering investigative journalists.

Fernando Castro Trenti

Fernando Jorge Castro Trenti is a Mexican politician affiliated with the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) who served in the LX Legislature of the Mexican Senate and the LXI nowaday as senator representing the State of Baja California.

Castro Trenti holds a bachelor's degree in law. He had occupied different positions in the public service sector in Baja California. From 2001 to 2004 he served as congressman in Baja California. In 2004 Jorge Hank Rhon designated him as secretary of government of the Municipality of Tijuana but left that position to run as senator. He secured a seat in the senate during the 2006 congressional elections as the first minority senator; hence he would have served during the LX and the LXI Legislatures (2006–2012) he is considered the most productive senator in the history of Baja California .

As a Senate for the LX Legislature, he presided both Communications and Transports and Internal Administration for the Senate, he is well known as one of the most recognized political operators for his party and country, and well known as responsible for the retrieval of power in the 2010 Municipal and local congress elections for [the] PRI (Revolutionary Intitutional Party), and as a consequence for the still official Party, situation that has set him as a potential candidate for the governor's office of Baja California. He ran in the 2013 election and lost to the PAN candidate Francisco Vega de Lamadrid.

Francisco Ortiz Franco

Francisco Javier Ortiz Franco (1954 in Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato – June 22, 2004 in Tijuana, Baja California) was a Mexican journalist, who was murdered after writing about drug trafficking.


Hank is a male given name.

Héctor Félix Miranda

Héctor Félix Miranda (c. 1941 – April 20, 1988) was a Mexican journalist and columnist of the Tijuana-based Zeta magazine, which reported on corruption and drug trafficking. In the late 1970s, he began to work for the daily newspaper ABC under Jesús Blancornelas and wrote under the name "Félix el Gato" ("Felix the Cat") to criticize local politicians. These columns eventually angered Baja California's state government and Mexico's former President José López Portillo to the point that the government ordered Blancornelas to fire Félix and banned its distribution. When Blancornelas refused, a SWAT team was sent to take over the paper's offices on the pretext of settling a labor dispute.In 1980, Blancornelas and Félix co-founded the weekly magazine Zeta. Through the magazine, the pair continued their investigation into organized crime and corruption. Félix contributed a column titled "A Little of Something", in which he satirized and criticized government officials, particularly those of the long-ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). He particularly targeted Jorge Hank Rhon, son of a former Mexico City mayor and the owner of a Tijuana racetrack.Félix was assassinated on April 20, 1988, when a car cut in front of him in traffic; another vehicle pulled alongside, and Félix was hit with multiple shotgun blasts. Two guards from Hank Rhon's racetrack were later convicted of the murder. In protest of the killing, as well as those of 28 other journalists since the election of President Miguel de la Madrid, a national journalism organization boycotted a Press Freedom Day ceremony at which la Madrid had been slated to speak.As of 2004, Blancornelas left Félix's name on the Zeta masthead, marked with a black cross. He also published a full-page ad in every issue under Félix's "byline", asking Hank Rhon why Félix had been murdered.

Jesús Blancornelas

J. Jesús Blancornelas (November 14, 1936 – November 23, 2006) was a Mexican journalist who co-founded the Tijuana-based Zeta magazine, known for its reporting on corruption and drug trafficking. His work encompassed an extensive research on how the drug industry influences local leaders and the police in the Mexican state of Baja California – topics frequently avoided by the rest of the Mexican media.As an author of six books, Blancornelas was regarded by the press as a leading expert on organized crime and drug trafficking during his time. He was also the first man to publish a photograph of Ramón Arellano Félix, the former drug lord of the Tijuana Cartel. In response to the photo publication, the cartel attempted to kill Blancornelas in 1997, but he managed to survive the attack and continued to report on the workings of Mexico's criminal underworld.For more than two decades, Blancornelas received several international press awards for his defiance of Mexico's old regime status quo, where bribe-taking and censorship by the government were commonplace in Mexico's media. After his death, the Los Angeles Times and the Committee to Protect Journalists described him as "the spiritual godfather of modern Mexican journalism." Blancornelas is also regarded as a pioneer in the push for press freedom in Mexico.

Jorge Ramos Hernández

Jorge Ramos Hernández (born July 11, 1968) is a Mexican politician from the National Action Party. He currently serves as a deputy representing the fourth federal electoral district of Baja California in the LXIII Legislature of the Mexican Congress.

List of Mexicans

This article contains a list of well-known Mexicans in science, publication, arts, politics and sports.

List of football stadiums in Mexico

The following is a list of association football stadiums in Mexico. Currently all stadiums with a capacity of 10,000 or more are included.

María Elvia Amaya Araujo

María Elvia Amaya Araujo (27 February 1954 – 8 September 2012) was a Mexican psychologist, philanthropist, and politician affiliated with the PRI. She served as Deputy of the LXII Legislature of the Mexican Congress representing Baja California.She was the daughter of Sergio Amaya Brondo and María Elvia Araujo Montaño. She was married to Jorge Hank Rhon, municipal president of Tijuana from 2004 to 2007 and candidate to the government of Baja California. Hank Rhon is a prominent Mexican businessman. They had nine children: Alejandro, Mara, Rodrigo, Ana Guadalupe, Carlos Andrés, José Mario, María Guadalupe, Nirvana and Jorge Carlos.

She died on 8 September 2012 due to multiple myeloma.

Municipal President of Tijuana

The following is a list of presidents of the municipality of Tijuana in Baja California.

Santiago Tianguistenco

Santiago Tianguistenco, often just simply called Tianguistenco, is a city and municipality located in Mexico State about thirty km south of the state capital of Toluca. It is located in the southwest part of the Valley of Toluca at the edge of the Ajusco mountain range that separates it from Mexico City. The name Tianguistenco (Tyanguistengko) is from Nahuatl and means “at the edge of the tianguis,” which is a traditional Aztec market. (Santiago comes from the town’s early Spanish name of “Villa de Santiago.”) The section of the city where the industrial park is still bears this name. Historically, the area was known as having one of the richest and best-stocked markets in the Toluca Valley. Today, it is still home to a large permanent municipal market as well as a weekly tianguis that covers much of the historic center.In addition to the commerce, the municipality is home to a major industrial site that produces commercial trucks. The municipality is also home to a community called Gualupita, famous for its wool items, Santiago Tilapa, which as a patron festival known in Mexico State and the Atenco Hacienda where bullfighting in Mexico got its start.

Tigre Hank

Tigre Hank (born 30 September 1991 in Tijuana) is a Mexican tennis player. Hank has a career high ATP singles ranking of 416, achieved on 23 November 2015. Hank made his ATP main draw debut at the 2014 Abierto Mexicano Telcel, where he lost in the first round to Sam Querrey in three sets. He has represented his country in four separate Davis Cup ties, most recently in 2015 against Chile. His father is businessman Jorge Hank Rhon.

Zeta (magazine)

Zeta is a Mexican magazine published every Friday in Tijuana by Choix Editores. Zeta is distributed primarily in Baja California, in the cities of Tijuana, Tecate, Rosarito, Ensenada, and Mexicali.It was founded in 1980 by Jesús Blancornelas, known as "the spiritual godfather of modern Mexican journalism", along with Héctor Félix Miranda and Francisco Ortiz Franco. The magazine regularly runs exposés on corruption in local and federal governments as well as on organized crime and drug trafficking, resulting in numerous threats and attacks against its staff. Félix was murdered in 1988 by bodyguards of politician Jorge Hank Rhon, while Ortiz was assassinated in 2004, apparently for his coverage of the Tijuana Cartel. Blancornelas was also ambushed by gunmen in 1997; though one of his bodyguards was killed, but Blancornelas managed to survive his wounds. Following Blancornelas's death of stomach cancer in 2006, Adela Navarro Bello became Zeta's editor-in-chief. Both Blancornelas and Navarro received numerous international awards for their work with the magazine.

More than half of the journalists working for the Zeta report on sport events, entertainment, and art, but the front-page stories on the newspaper are about drug trafficking and political corruption. Since its creation, the newspaper chronicled the rise and workings of the Tijuana Cartel, one of Mexico's oldest drug trafficking organizations.

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