Jordan Grand Prix

Jordan Grand Prix was a Formula One constructor that competed from 1991 to 2005. The team is named after Irish businessman and founder Eddie Jordan. Jordan and his team were well known for an easygoing attitude which added colour and character to Formula One in the 1990s. The team was based at Silverstone, UK but raced with the Irish licence.[1]

In early 2005, the team was sold to Midland Group, who competed for one final season as 'Jordan', before renaming the team as MF1 Racing for the 2006 season, before being sold later in 2006 to Dutch car manufacturer Spyker to become Spyker F1 for 2007, and then sold again to become Force India in 2008. In 2018, as a result of the financial collapse of the Force India team, and its subsequent buyout by a consortium led by Lawrence Stroll, the team's FIA entry was not transferred, and the Jordan Grand Prix's original entry was finally excluded from the sport.[2]

Jordan
Jordan Grand Prix logo
Full nameJordan Grand Prix
BaseSilverstone, Northamptonshire, United Kingdom
Founder(s)Eddie Jordan
Noted staffGary Anderson
Adrian Burgess
Mike Gascoyne
Sam Michael
Rob Smedley
Noted driversBrazil Rubens Barrichello
United Kingdom Eddie Irvine
United Kingdom Damon Hill
United Kingdom Martin Brundle
Germany Nick Heidfeld
Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen
Germany Michael Schumacher
France Jean Alesi
Germany Ralf Schumacher
Italy Jarno Trulli
Italy Andrea de Cesaris
Italy Giancarlo Fisichella

Portugal Tiago Monteiro
India Narain Karthikeyan
Next nameMidland F1 Racing
Formula One World Championship career
First entry1991 United States Grand Prix
Races entered250
Constructors'
Championships
0
Drivers'
Championships
0
Race victories4
Podiums19
Pole positions2
Fastest laps2
Final entry2005 Chinese Grand Prix

Early history

Eddie Jordan, who was bitten by the karting bug in Jersey in 1970,[3] had a brief stint as a race driver in the late 1970s before founding Eddie Jordan Racing in the early 1980s. The team first came to prominence in the 1983 British Formula Three championship with a duel between one-time Jordan test driver Ayrton Senna and Jordan-Ralt driver Martin Brundle. Brundle was edged out by the Brazilian at the last round of the championship. The team graduated to International Formula 3000 for 1988, winning its first race in the category with Johnny Herbert. In 1989, Jordan won the F3000 drivers' championship with future Formula One star Jean Alesi. The team also ran future F1 drivers such as Martin Donnelly and Eddie Irvine in F3000.

Formula One

The beginning

Bertrand Gachot 1991 USA
Bertrand Gachot giving Jordan its F1 début at the 1991 United States Grand Prix.

Jordan's success in lower formulae inspired the creation of a Formula One programme for the 1991 season and a change of name to Jordan Grand Prix. The first driver to test a Jordan F1 car was veteran Ulsterman John Watson. Jordan hired Italian veteran Andrea de Cesaris and Belgian Bertrand Gachot to race his first cars, which were powered by Ford. The team had a very solid debut finishing 5th in the Constructors' Championship, with de Cesaris finishing 9th in the Drivers' Championship. De Cesaris ran second for much of the Belgian Grand Prix, and was actually gaining on leader Ayrton Senna until the car failed in the closing laps. Gachot failed to end the season after being sent to prison for attacking a taxi driver. Gachot was replaced for the Belgian Grand Prix by Michael Schumacher, for whom the team received $150,000 from Mercedes-Benz who were keen to give their young German sportscar star experience of Grand Prix racing in readiness for the firm's future F1 ambitions.[4] Despite Jordan's signed agreement in principle with Mercedes for the remainder of the season, Schumacher was signed by Benetton-Ford for the following race. Jordan applied for an injunction in the UK courts to prevent Schumacher driving for Benetton, but lost the case as they had not yet signed a contract.[5] Future Champ Car title winner Alex Zanardi and ousted Benetton driver Roberto Moreno filled the second car afterwards. Success for Jordan literally came at a high price. The team was forced to switch to cheaper Yamaha engines for the 1992 season. With Maurício Gugelmin and Stefano Modena driving, the team struggled badly and failed to score a point until the final race of the season.

1993 saw further changes, with the team again changing engine suppliers, this time to Hart. Again, the season started with two new drivers, Ivan Capelli and Brazilian rookie Rubens Barrichello. Capelli left after two races and Barrichello saw five other drivers become teammates of his during the 1993 campaign. Jordan only had moderate improvement, scoring three points. Signs of stability were beginning to show near the end of the season when Barrichello was joined by Eddie Irvine, a former Jordan driver in F3000. The Ulsterman finished sixth and secured a point on his debut Formula One race at Suzuka. It was further memorable because Irvine unlapped himself against McLaren's Ayrton Senna, in order to overtake Damon Hill. After the race finished, an incensed Senna, infuriated by what he deemed as unsafe racing by Irvine in poor weather conditions stormed into the Jordan garage and punched Irvine in the face after Irvine pushed him in a heated discussion in which both drivers lost their temper.[6]

Barrichello and Irvine returned for the 1994 season, as did the Hart engines, but Irvine had a bad start to the season, earning a three-race ban for reckless driving. Barrichello earned the team their first top three finish in Japan at the Pacific Grand Prix, but was nearly killed during the following race in San Marino following a frightening qualifying crash. The team overcame these difficulties and returned to their initial form as they finished fifth in the Constructors' Championship again. Barrichello earned Jordan's first pole position after a gamble during a wet qualifying session in Belgium, and finished 6th in the Drivers' Championship with 19 points. This achievement stunned the Formula 1 big teams given the fact that a team with such a low budget with an engine designed and built by Darrell O'Brien/Hart Engineering achieved 5th in the Constructors' Championship with 28 points.

Eddie Irvine 1995 Britain
Eddie Irvine driving for Jordan at the 1995 British Grand Prix.

Jordan switched to Peugeot power in 1995. During the Canadian Grand Prix that year, both Barrichello and Irvine finished on the podium, finishing second and third respectively. It was the highlight to an unspectacular but relatively solid year for Jordan, as they hung around mid-pack to finish 6th in the Championship.

Eddie Jordan 1996
Eddie Jordan, founder and owner of Jordan Grand Prix, greets the fans in Montreal in 1996

When Irvine left in 1996 to become Michael Schumacher's teammate at Ferrari, Jordan replaced him with veteran Martin Brundle, the ex-Le Mans winner and World Sportscar Champion. The team failed to make the podium, but both drivers managed to score a string of fourth-place finishes as the team scored yet another 5th among the constructors. 1996 also saw the team adopt their bright-yellow color scheme which would become their trademark.

Late 1990s ascent

Jordan 197 Peugeot museum
Jordan introduced nose arts from 1997 to 2001, their snake mascot Hissing Sid in the first year.

1997 saw the departure of both drivers from the previous year. Barrichello left for the newly formed Stewart Grand Prix, whilst Brundle became a Formula One commentator for ITV. Jordan replaced them with Italian Giancarlo Fisichella, who had raced for Minardi the previous year, and young Ralf Schumacher, Michael's brother. Again, the team finished 5th in the Championship, with Fisichella achieving two podium finishes. At Hockenheim, Fisichella had led the race, but lost out to Gerhard Berger before retiring when a puncture holed his car's radiator. The Italian's other highlight was scoring the fastest race lap at the Spanish Grand Prix. A lowlight of the season came in Argentina when Ralf Schumacher took out his Italian teammate during the race, which was tempered by Ralf's first podium.

In 1998, the team made its biggest signing as former World Champion Damon Hill, a graduate of Jordan's F3000 programme, replaced Fisichella. The team also replaced its Peugeots, which went to Prost, with Mugen Honda motors. Up to the halfway point of the season, Jordan had failed to score a single point due to reliability problems. At that point, they signed Mike Gascoyne from Tyrrell to bolster the technical team and long-standing technical director Gary Anderson resigned a few months after.[7][8] Things improved greatly towards the end of the season and at that year's rain-soaked Belgian Grand Prix in which only six cars finished, Hill earned Jordan their first ever Formula One win, which was also Hill's 22nd career Grand Prix victory. Ralf Schumacher sweetened the victory by finishing second. Hill finished 6th in the drivers' standings with Ralf 10th. Hill's last lap, last-corner move on Heinz-Harald Frentzen at Suzuka enabled him to finish the race in fourth and also earned Jordan fourth in the Constructors' Championship for 1998 (this was tempered by speculation that Frentzen had "gifted" the place to Hill, the German having confirmed a move to Jordan for 1999, after a tumultuous career with Williams).

Heinz-Harald Frentzen 1999 Canada
The 1999 season was Jordan's most successful in F1, with Heinz-Harald Frentzen winning two races. The team finished third in the Constructors' Championship.

With Frentzen and Ralf Schumacher swapping teams for 1999 (Frentzen at Jordan and Ralf at Williams), the season would turn out to be a nightmare for Hill, who was to retire at the end of the season. However, Frentzen's season was immensely successful, with the German earning two victories and a pole position. For a short while Frentzen had entertained thoughts of a world title, but poor luck and greater speed from McLaren and Ferrari ended his hopes. Frentzen finished third in the Drivers' Championship and the team also finished third amongst the Constructors'. 1999 was to be the team's finest season.

Results of crisis

Jordan noses and front wings
Noses and front wings in the Jordan garages at the 2005 United States Grand Prix

For 2000 Hill was replaced by Jarno Trulli, fresh from a couple of years at Prost and Minardi. His qualifying speed in particular impressed, but he was unable to score a podium. Frentzen was unable to replicate the success of 1999 and the team slipped back to 6th in the Constructors' Championship. The team had been on course for major points at Monaco, but poor luck intervened: Trulli was ahead of eventual winner David Coulthard until his engine expired, while Frentzen running in second place hit the wall at Sainte Devote with only eight laps to go.

Both drivers returned to start 2001 and Jordan switched to works Honda engines which were already being supplied to rival team BAR. This led to a battle for the right to use the Honda engines in the long term. Frentzen was released from the team in mid-season, a series of disagreements with team boss Eddie Jordan a possible explanation. Jordan himself has said that he dropped Frentzen to bring in Takuma Sato for 2002, an attempt to satisfy Honda. Frentzen was replaced by test driver Ricardo Zonta at the German Grand Prix, but from thereafter Jean Alesi, in the final stages of his Formula One career, took the seat. Amidst all the turmoil, Trulli finished in the points four times, and the team finished 5th in the Constructors' Championship for the fifth time, ahead of rivals BAR.

Jordan GP 2002 sato
Takuma Sato driving for the Jordan Grand Prix team at Indianapolis in 2002.

Jordan re-organised in 2002, with Fisichella returning and Takuma Sato joining the team, thanks in no small part to Honda's influence. Due to a drop in sponsorship money the team slipped backwards. Fisichella often qualified well, a sixth place on the grid in Montreal surprising many onlookers. Yet results-wise, the Italian had to make do with a trio of fifth places and a sixth place from Hungary. Sato showed flashes of promise, but managed just two points at his home race. Despite the drop in form, Jordan still managed sixth in the championship, two places ahead of main rivals BAR. For 2003, Honda left Jordan to concentrate on their partnership with BAR. Jordan had to make do with Ford Cosworth engines, and the season was not regarded as a success. Despite beating only Minardi to score 9th in the standings, Jordan won in 2003. This came under bizarre circumstances in the Brazilian Grand Prix which took place in heavy rain. Following a massive accident on the start/finish straight, the race was red flagged and stopped. After some initial confusion, Giancarlo Fisichella was initially ruled to have finished second behind Kimi Räikkönen who took the top step on the podium. However, an FIA inquiry several days later led to Fisichella being officially declared the winner of his first F1 race. Fisichella was therefore unable to celebrate his first career victory on the top step of the podium, although he and Räikkönen swapped their drivers' trophies in an impromptu ceremony at the following race in San Marino, while McLaren's Ron Dennis handed over the constructors' trophy to Eddie Jordan. Aside from the opportunistic win, neither Fisichella nor rookie teammate Ralph Firman were able to achieve any sort of success in their EJ13s. After Firman was injured in practice for the Hungarian Grand Prix Jordan fielded the first ever Hungarian Formula One driver, Zsolt Baumgartner. Firman returned for the final two events, but was unable to add to the point he won in Spain. Fisichella only managed two points on top of his victory and unhappy at the team's form he departed for Sauber.

In June 2003 Jordan sued mobile phone company Vodafone for £150 million, claiming that the company had made a verbal contract for a three-year sponsorship, then given it to Ferrari instead. Jordan withdrew the action two months later, agreeing to pay Vodafone's costs. This was a double financial blow from which the team did not recover. The judge was highly critical of Eddie Jordan, branding the allegations against Vodafone "without foundation and false".[9]

Nick Heidfeld 2004 Canada cropped
Nick Heidfeld driving for Jordan at the 2004 Canadian Grand Prix.

In 2004, Jordan struggled financially, and their status for the future was questionable. The team fielded German Nick Heidfeld, formerly of Sauber and Prost, and Italian rookie Giorgio Pantano. Ex-F3000 champion Heidfeld showed promise, but could not achieve many good results due to the car's initial pace being poor. Pantano's season was dogged by sponsorship problems. He missed Canada due to a lack of funding, with Timo Glock stepping in to replace him. Glock managed to score two points on his debut, finishing just ahead of Heidfeld, although these had been earned after the two Toyota and Williams cars had been disqualified for brake duct irregularities. Later in the season, Glock replaced Pantano permanently. As in the previous season, the team finished ahead of only Minardi at the bottom of the constructors standings.

Sale to Midland Group

After Ford's decision to put Cosworth up for sale, Jordan had been left without an engine deal for 2005. However, at short notice, Toyota agreed to supply Jordan with engines identical to those in the works Toyota cars. At the beginning of 2005, the team was sold to the Midland Group for US $60 million.

The Jordan name was retained for the 2005 season, before being changed to Midland MF1 Racing for the 2006 season. Throughout 2005, journalists questioned whether Midland were in Formula One for the long haul. Rumours circulated throughout the season that the team was for sale, and that former driver Eddie Irvine was interested in buying them. The year also saw the debut of two new rookie drivers, Narain Karthikeyan and Tiago Monteiro. 2005 merely confirmed Jordan's status at the back of the grid. A final podium came in the highly controversial race at Indianapolis, with Monteiro leading home a Jordan 3–4. Monteiro managed an excellent eighth place at Spa in wet conditions to give the team its last ever point. The final race for the team saw a low-key exit, with Monteiro finishing 11th and Karthikeyan crashing out spectacularly. Over the years Jordan introduced many star names to the sport, something that will not be forgotten. Jordan also has a link with the leading German drivers of the era, with Michael Schumacher, Ralf Schumacher, Heinz-Harald Frentzen, Timo Glock and Nick Heidfeld all driving for the outfit.

Sponsorship

From 1996 to 2005, Benson & Hedges was the primary sponsor of Jordan. At races where the ban on cigarette advertising was in force, the name was replaced by "Bitten & Hisses" (in 1997 when Jordan's mascot was the snake Hissing Sid) or the names of the team's drivers, Giancarlo Fisichella and Ralf Schumacher, with additional 'S's, "Buzzin Hornets" (while the mascot was an unnamed hornet from 1998 to 2000), "Bitten Heroes" (during 2001, when the team's mascot was a shark), and from 2002 to 2005 'Be On Edge' (BENSON & HEDGES). It was in the sponsor's first year that the team coloured their cars in the gold of their cigarette packet and then switched to yellow after that.

For 2002, title sponsorship went to delivery company DHL, before reverting to Benson & Hedges.

EJ-10

EJ-10 was an energy drink marketed by the Jordan Formula One team. The energy drink was heavily advertised as free of caffeine and taurine to avoid a sugar crash, and as having a fruity flavor and providing energy for up to 90 minutes. It was sold in bright yellow 250 mL and 380 mL bottles, decorated to evoke the image of Jordan's Formula One cars.[10] Jordan Grand Prix used the Sutherland Hawes design agency to create and market the energy drink.[11] At the height of its popularity EJ-10 was available around the world, including Ireland, Germany, Colombia, Ecuador, Saudi Arabia, and Mexico.[12][13]

In 2002, the 380 ml bottles of EJ-10 were recalled in Ireland after it was discovered it contained unacceptable levels of benzene.[14]

V-10 is a spinoff of EJ-10; it retains the basic formula but adds vodka.[15]

Books

A number of books have been published that gave an insight into Jordan Grand Prix. The most in-depth was the 1994 book Race Without End. Written by F1 veteran Maurice Hamilton, it tells the story of Jordan Grand Prix's 1993 season.[16]

Racing record

(Bold indicates championships won.)

Year Name Car Engine Tyres No. Drivers Points WCC
1991 Republic of Ireland Team 7Up Jordan 191 Ford HB4 3.5 V8 G 32.
32.
32.
32.
33.
Belgium Bertrand Gachot
Germany Michael Schumacher
Brazil Roberto Moreno
Italy Alessandro Zanardi
Italy Andrea de Cesaris
13 5th
1992 Republic of Ireland Sasol Jordan 192 Yamaha OX99 3.5 V12 G 32.
33.
Italy Stefano Modena
Brazil Maurício Gugelmin
1 11th
1993 Republic of Ireland Sasol Jordan 193 Hart 1035 3.5 V10 G 14.
15.
15.
15.
15.
15.
Brazil Rubens Barrichello
Italy Ivan Capelli
Belgium Thierry Boutsen
Italy Marco Apicella
Italy Emanuele Naspetti
United Kingdom Eddie Irvine
3 11th
1994 Republic of Ireland Sasol Jordan 194 Hart 1035 3.5 V10 G 14.
15.
15.
15.
Brazil Rubens Barrichello
United Kingdom Eddie Irvine
Japan Aguri Suzuki
Italy Andrea de Cesaris
28 5th
1995 Republic of Ireland Total Jordan Peugeot 195 Peugeot A10 3.0 V10 G 14.
15.
Brazil Rubens Barrichello
United Kingdom Eddie Irvine
21 6th
1996 Republic of Ireland Benson & Hedges Jordan Peugeot 196 Peugeot A12 EV5 3.0 V10 G 11.
12.
Brazil Rubens Barrichello
United Kingdom Martin Brundle
22 5th
1997 Republic of Ireland Benson & Hedges Jordan Peugeot 197 Peugeot A14 3.0 V10 G 11.
12.
Germany Ralf Schumacher
Italy Giancarlo Fisichella
33 5th
1998 Republic of Ireland Benson & Hedges Jordan 198 Mugen-Honda MF-301 HC 3.0 V10 G 9.
10.
United Kingdom Damon Hill
Germany Ralf Schumacher
34 4th
1999 Republic of Ireland Benson & Hedges Jordan 199 Mugen-Honda MF-301 HD 3.0 V10 B 7.
8.
United Kingdom Damon Hill
Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen
61 3rd
2000 Republic of Ireland Benson & Hedges Jordan EJ10
EJ10B
Mugen-Honda MF-301 HE 3.0 V10 B 5.
6.
Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen
Italy Jarno Trulli
17 6th
2001 Republic of Ireland Benson & Hedges Jordan Honda EJ11 Honda RA001E 3.0 V10 B 11.
11.
11./12.
12.
Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen
Brazil Ricardo Zonta
Italy Jarno Trulli
France Jean Alesi
19 5th
2002 Republic of Ireland DHL Jordan Honda EJ12 Honda RA002E 3.0 V10 B 9.
10.
Italy Giancarlo Fisichella
Japan Takuma Sato
9 6th
2003 Republic of Ireland Jordan Ford EJ13 Ford RS1 3.0 V10 B 11.
12.
12.
Italy Giancarlo Fisichella
Republic of Ireland Ralph Firman
Hungary Zsolt Baumgartner
13 9th
2004 Republic of Ireland Jordan Ford EJ14 Ford RS2 3.0 V10 B 18.
19.
19.
Germany Nick Heidfeld
Italy Giorgio Pantano
Germany Timo Glock
5 9th
2005 Republic of Ireland Jordan Grand Prix EJ15
EJ15B
Toyota RVX-05 3.0 V10 B 18.
19.
Portugal Tiago Monteiro
India Narain Karthikeyan
12 9th

References

  1. ^ itv.com/f1 – The day EJ beat them all
  2. ^ "Force India allowed to keep prize money". Wheels. Retrieved 2018-09-04.
  3. ^ Jordan, Eddie (2007). An Independent Man. Orion Books. ISBN 978-0-7528-8950-4.
  4. ^ Collings, Timothy (2004). The Piranha Club. Virgin Books. p. 17. ISBN 0-7535-0965-2.
  5. ^ Collings, Timothy (2007). The Piranha Club. Virgin Books. Chapter 1 'Welcome to the Piranha Club'. ISBN 978-1-85227-907-3.
  6. ^ "Ayrton Senna Suzuka 1993". Themagicofsenna.com. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  7. ^ "Gascoyne joins Jordan". atlasf1.com. Retrieved 2018-02-06.
  8. ^ "Gary Anderson Leaves Jordan GP". Motorsport.com. Retrieved 2018-02-06.
  9. ^ "Judge criticises Jordan lawsuit". BBC News. 2003-08-04. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
  10. ^ Mattoni Drink Website Archived 2012-02-23 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Sutherland Hawes Website Archived 2012-02-24 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Telegraph.co.uk Website
  13. ^ Tribune News Website
  14. ^ Food Safety Authority of Ireland Archived 2012-02-17 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ UK Intellectual Property Office
  16. ^ Maurice., Hamilton (1994). Race without end : the grind behind the glamour of the SASOL Jordan Grand Prix team. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens. ISBN 1852605006. OCLC 30914440.
Bob Bell (motorsport)

Robert Charles Bell (born 10 April 1958 in Belfast, Northern Ireland) is the chief technical officer of the Renault Formula One team.

Bell attended Queen's University in Belfast, gaining a doctorate in Aeronautical Engineering. before joining McLaren in 1982 and worked as the company aerodynamicist until 1988, when he was promoted to head of research and development for the next two years. In 1997, Bell moved to the Benetton Formula team, working there with Nick Wirth.He worked as the Senior Aerodynamicist at Benetton until 1999, when he went to the Jordan Grand Prix team joining them as the head of vehicle technology, after being invited by his former McLaren colleague Mike Gascoyne. Both left Jordan for Renault F1 and in 2001, Bell was appointed the deputy technical director at the Enstone team, becoming the technical director in 2003 when Mike Gascoyne departed to join the Toyota F1 team.Bell was Renault F1's technical director during the hugely successful 2005 and 2006 seasons, in which his R25 and R26 won both the Drivers' and the Constructor's championships. The next two seasons saw very few good results, and his projects dropped in the Constructor's championship to fourth place in 2007 and 2008.

After the resignations of Flavio Briatore and Pat Symonds in relation to the Renault Formula One crash controversy, Bell was appointed acting team principal for the rest of 2009, on September 23, 2009. For the 2010 season, Bell held the position of managing director for the Renault team until leaving the team on October 6, 2010.

On 18 February 2011, Bell was appointed as the new technical director of Mercedes GP, effective of 1 April 2011. On 14 April 2014, Mercedes announced that Bell had resigned his position in December 2013 and would be leaving the team in November 2014.Prior to the 2015 Canadian Grand Prix, Manor Marussia announced the recruitment of Bell as technical consultant.On 3 February 2016, Bell was announced as the chief technical officer at the newly created Renault Sport F1 Team, with the Renault R.S.16 car.

ByKolles Racing

ByKolles Racing, formally known as Kodewa GmbH & Co. KG, is an auto racing team based in Greding, Germany. Founded in 2000 by Romulus Kolles and his son Colin Kolles as Kolles Racing, the company initially participated in German Formula 3 before moving to the F3 Euro Series from 2003 to 2005. Colin Kolles left the team to become director of the Jordan Grand Prix Formula One team at the start of the 2005 season, a position he held until 2009. With his son away, Romulus moved the team to the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters series with Audi under the sponsorship title Futurecom TME. The Kolles team shifted their interest to sports car racing by participating in the Le Mans Series and later the Intercontinental Le Mans Cup, again with customer Audi prototypes. Kolles returned to Formula One to helm the HRT F1 team in 2010, with Kodewa's workshop in Greding serving as a base of operations for the new team before HRT's new owners chose to release Kolles from the team and move their operations to Spain in 2012. Kodewa participated in the 2013 FIA World Endurance Championship with the backing of Lotus Cars under the title Lotus LMP2. In 2014 they lost their Lotus backing and rebranded as ByKolles Racing with a new LMP1 prototype, the CLM P1/01.In 2017 Robert Kubica was set to return to active racing again in the ByKolles car for the WEC season.. Eventually in April he withdrew from the team.Former Caterham F1 boss Manfredi Ravetto will be joining the ByKolles team from 2018.

Crosslé Car Company

The Crosslé Car Company Ltd. is a racing car manufacturer based in Holywood, Northern Ireland. Crosslé was founded in 1957 by John Crosslé. Crosslé is the oldest surviving specialist racing car manufacturer in the United Kingdom.Crosslé is known for its Formula Ford designs, particularly for the FF1600 class, and during the 1970s drivers of Crosslé cars won numerous championships. The company has produced cars for other national and international formulae, including Formula 5000, Formula Two and Formula Junior. It has also produced well-regarded cars for various classes in sports car racing. Many drivers who have since gone on to become household names drove Crosslé cars while in the early stages of their career. Among these are former Formula One drivers Nigel Mansell, John Watson, Eddie Irvine and Martin Donnelly. Former Jordan Grand Prix team owner Eddie Jordan also began his racing career in a Crosslé.

John Crosslé sold the company to Crosslé racer Arnie Black in 1997, who in turn sold it to former oil industry executive Paul McMorran in late 2012.Dr John Crosslé MBE died on 31 August 2014, aged 82.

Eddie Irvine

Edmund Irvine Jr. (born 10 November 1965) is a former racing driver from Northern Ireland. He competed in Formula One between 1993 and 2002, and finished runner-up in the 1999 World Drivers' Championship, driving for Scuderia Ferrari.

He began his career at the age of seventeen when he entered the Formula Ford Championship, achieving early success, before progressing to the Formula Three and Formula 3000 Championships. He made his Formula One debut in 1993 with Jordan Grand Prix, where he achieved early notoriety for his involvement in incidents on and off the track. He scored his first podium in 1995 with Jordan, before moving to Ferrari in 1996. His most successful season was in 1999 when he took four victories and challenged McLaren driver Mika Häkkinen for the World Championship. He moved to Jaguar Racing in 2000, scoring the team's first podium in 2001 and his final podium in 2002. Irvine retired from competitive motorsport at the end of the 2002 season.

Since retiring, Irvine became a media personality in Great Britain. He was linked with the takeover of the Jordan and Minardi Formula One teams in 2005, but talks came to nothing. Irvine also expanded his interests in the property market, having built up an investment portfolio during his racing career.

Eddie Jordan

Edmund Patrick Jordan, OBE (born 30 March 1948), also known as EJ, is an Irish former motorsport team boss, businessman and television personality. Born in Dublin, Jordan worked first at the Bank of Ireland. He won the Irish Kart Championship in 1971 and moved to Formula Ford in 1974. He was the founder and owner of Jordan Grand Prix, a Formula One constructor which operated from 1991 to 2005. He was the chief analyst for Formula One coverage on the BBC from 2009 to 2015 before joining Channel 4 after BBC pulled out in 2016. In February 2016, it was announced that Jordan would join Top Gear as a presenter.

Hayanari Shimoda

Hayanari Shimoda (下田隼成; Shimoda Hayanari) (born July 16, 1984) is a Japanese race car driver, born in Tokyo.His career started in 1997 in karting, Shimoda moving up to Italian Formula Renault in 2001. Happy to travel the world to further his career, he raced part of the 2002 Japanese GT Series and fill-in races in both Formula Renault 2000 Eurocup and British Formula Renault.

A full season in Formula Renault V6 Eurocup followed in 2003, as well as a part season in the World Sportscar Championship and one race in the American Le Mans Series. He stayed in the V6 Eurocup in 2004, and was also set to drive in the Le Mans Endurance Series before complications prevented him from doing so.

Shimoda was set to be the second driver for the SuperNova team in GP2 Series during 2005. However, at the last minute, he was replaced by Adam Carroll who will now partner ex-Jordan Grand Prix driver Giorgio Pantano.

He finished third in the Le Mans Endurance Series LMP1 championship for Zytek, winning the 1000 km Nürburgring.

In 2005 he won the Monterey Sports Car Championships, the final race of the season in the ALMS. He was partnered by Tom Chilton in a Zytek 04S LMP1 sports prototype.

He also represented Japan in the A1 Grand Prix series for the first time at Eastern Creek in November 2005, and was lucky to escape with only a concussion after a spectacular crash in which the engine separated from the chassis. He also occurred in another spectacular crash at the A1 Grand Prix round in Mexico. The cars were under a yellow flag when as they were coming onto the pit straight Shimoda's car was launched airborne after hitting the back of A1 Team New Zealand's car. Shimoda escaped unhurt.

He is currently racing in the World Series by Renault championship for the Victory Engineering team.

James Key (Formula One)

James Key (born 14 January 1972) is a British engineer who works in Formula One.

John Iley

John Iley is a motor racing aerodynamicist, who was formerly the technical director for the Caterham F1 team.After graduating from Lanchester Polytechnic, Coventry, while studying at Imperial College, London, he worked on wind tunnel testing and data analysis of a sports prototypes.

Hired by Brun Technics on graduation, he worked on both the EuroBrun F1 team and the 1990 design of the Judd-powered Brun C91 sports car. In 1991 he was hired as aerodynamicist on the Allard J2X-C sports car, and subsequently worked on Indycar development for Newman-Haas, Lola Cars and Swift Engineering.In 1995 he moved to Formula1 with Jordan Grand Prix as an aerodynamicist, becoming chief aerodynamicist in 1998. In 2002 he followed Mike Gascoyne to Renault F1, and then joined Ferrari in 2004 as chief aerodynamicist.

He joined McLaren Racing in 2010, but was placed on gardening leave in late 2011, ahead of his joining with Gascoyne again at Caterham F1 as performance director in 2012.

Jordan 191

The Jordan 191 was a Formula One car designed by Gary Anderson for use by Jordan Grand Prix in its debut season in 1991. Its best finish was in Canada and Mexico, where Andrea de Cesaris drove it to fourth place at both races. Driving the 191 at the 1991 Hungarian Grand Prix, Bertrand Gachot took the fastest lap of the race.

Jordan 192

The Jordan 192 was a Formula One car designed by Gary Anderson for the Jordan Grand Prix team for the 1992 Formula One season. The number 32 seat was taken by Stefano Modena and the number 33 seat was taken by Maurício Gugelmin, both new to the team.

After a somewhat successful 1991 debut season the team had lost their supply of Ford engines due to large debts. Instead Jordan signed a contract to run the Yamaha OX99 3.5L V12, which was supplied for free. One of the problems was that the team had already begun work on the 192 in the expectation that it would continue to run the Ford V8 engine rather than a much larger V12 Yamaha. The team's new main sponsor was Sasol, replacing 7UP.

Compared to their successful debut season, 1992 was a total catastrophe for Jordan. The team struggled badly with reliability issues (in particular overheating), with Gugelmin retiring from seven of the first nine races and Modena failing to finish a race until the twelfth race of the season at Spa. Modena also failed to qualify four times in a car that was significantly slower than its predecessor. The team failed to score a point until the final race of the season in Australia, when Modena finished 6th. Jordan eventually finished 11th in the Constructors' Championship, with 1 point.

The 192 was replaced by the Hart V10-powered Jordan 193.

Jordan 193

The Jordan 193 was a Formula One car, raced by the Jordan Grand Prix team in the 1993 Formula One season. After the team's disastrous 1992 season, in which they scored only a solitary point, and that in the final race, the team took the decision to replace the unreliable and underpowered Yamaha V12 engines. A contract was signed to use Hart's smaller, but under-funded, V10 engines. The car differed greatly to its predecessors, with a higher nose and very different front wing.

Like most of the cars that competed in the 1993 season, the 193 had numerous electronic aids to assist the driver and improve the car's performance. Traction control was used throughout the season, as was the team's first semi-automatic gearbox. The gearbox caused numerous problems, as it often would jam in one gear. This occurred so much at the beginning of the season that the team replaced the semi automatic gearbox with a manual one until the semi was reliable enough to race. The car also lacked the active suspension used by the frontrunners and had too short a wheelbase, which caused instability in the rear for most of the year but was later lengthened in an attempt to find more speed. The net result was that the Jordan 193 was usually over 3 seconds per lap slower than the fastest cars, but was still a competent midfield runner.

No fewer than six drivers raced the car throughout the season, with only young rookie Rubens Barrichello competing in every race. Ivan Capelli, Thierry Boutsen, Marco Apicella, Emanuele Naspetti and Eddie Irvine all raced at some stage of the season. None of the drivers except Irvine were able to match Barrichello's pace. Boutsen, who drove the most races of the second drivers, was often around two seconds per lap slower than Barrichello.

Initially the performance of the car was encouraging but it lacked reliability in the first eight starts and only managed one finish, a lowly 10th. However, Barrichello had come close to scoring a podium in the wet at the European Grand Prix. Having run near the points for the whole race, Rubens looked set for third when the car ran out of fuel in the dying stages.

Despite heavy revisions to the car throughout the year – such as improved aerodynamics, altered suspension, and more powerful Hart engines – its relative performance stayed roughly the same throughout the year. The one bright spot occurred at the Japanese Grand Prix, where first-timer Eddie Irvine topped a practice session before both drivers drove brilliantly in the race to finish 5th and 6th, scoring the team's only points of the year. Irvine's debut made headlines when irate winner Ayrton Senna punched the Northern Irishman, who had unlapped himself during the race.

Although the team was officially classified as equal tenth in the Constructors' Championship with three points, had the car been reliable the team could have finished in sixth place with around the same number of points as they had scored in their debut season.

The 193 was replaced for the 1994 Formula One season by the 194.

Jordan Grand Prix results

These are the complete Grand Prix racing results for Jordan Grand Prix.

Kelvin Burt

Kelvin Burt (born 7 September 1967 in Birmingham) is a British auto racing driver. After attending the Jim Russell Racing Drivers' School in 1987 he turned to Formula Ford racing, battling hard against David Coulthard for the championship. He won his class in a British Touring Car Championship round at Oulton Park, before spending 1991 winning the Formula Vauxhall Lotus series, and being voted Autosport Club Driver of the Year. He moved up to British F3 in 1992, winning the title with Paul Stewart Racing in 1993 with 9 wins, a record for a British driver.

He did some Porsche Supercup races in 1994, becoming the only Brit to win a race in that form of the series. He also became the test driver for the Jordan Grand Prix Formula One team midseason, and the Jordan team put a contract option to consider having him race in F1. However, while that did not come to light, he did surface again as a test driver for Arrows in 1996.For 1995 he had his first full BTCC season, replacing the retiring Andy Rouse in Rouse's Ford team. He took 8th overall, only 2 places behind experienced team-mate Paul Radisich. He then spent 2 years with Tom Walkinshaw's Volvo team, winning a further race. He briefly returned to the BTCC in the Production Class for GA Motorsport in 2002, winning one of the two races he started. He also did two meetings for GA (then racing as Team Sureterm) in the main class in 2004, scoring 11 points, more than all their other drivers bar Carl Breeze put together.

For 1998 he went to Japan, racing successfully in both Touring Cars and GTs, coming 5th overall in the Touring Car series. He raced in Sweden in 2000 before dominating the British GT series' GTO Class in 2001, taking 8 wins for Parr Motorsport in a Porsche. He was ASCAR runner-up in 2002. In 2003 he raced in the FIA GT Championship for Team Maranello in a Ferrari, taking two third places. In 2006 he did the Porsche Supercup race at Silverstone, but focused on the lower-level Porsche Cup, whilst forging a punditry career as co-commentator to Martin Haven for British F3. He gained wider attention for a huge crash he has during the Porsche Carrera Cup race at Thruxton, in which his car barrel-rolled after contact with James Sutton and cleared a fence. Burt was not badly hurt, although a marshal was treated for shock. As the Carrera race was part of the BTCC meeting at the track, footage was screened by ITV in their coverage of the series.

Mark Smith (racing engineer)

Mark Smith (born 9 March 1961) is the former technical director of the Sauber Formula One team.

Midland F1 Racing

Midland F1 Racing (also known as MF1 Racing, or simply "Midland") was a Formula One constructor and racing team. It competed in the 2006 Formula One season with drivers Christijan Albers and Tiago Monteiro. The team was created by the renaming of Jordan Grand Prix after its purchase by Canadian businessman, and owner of the Midland Group, Alex Shnaider. The team was registered as the first Russian Formula One team, reflecting Shnaider's roots, although it continued to be based in the United Kingdom, at Jordan's Silverstone factory. Towards the end of the 2006 season, the team was sold to Spyker Cars N.V.; the team raced in its last three Grands Prix under the official name Spyker MF1 Racing. In 2007, the team competed as Spyker F1, and in 2008 was sold to Indian businessman Vijay Mallya and was renamed Force India F1.

Mike Gascoyne

Michael "Mike" Gascoyne (born 2 April 1963) is a British Formula One designer and engineer.

Gascoyne has worked for numerous Grand Prix teams including McLaren, Sauber, Tyrrell, Jordan, Renault, Toyota, Spyker (later known as Force India) and in September 2009 with a confirmed entry by the FIA Gascoyne supported, by the shareholders Tony Fernandes, Din Kamarudin and SM Nasarudin set up the then called Lotus Racing Team, that would later become the Caterham F1 Team.

Rob Smedley

Rob Smedley (born 28 November 1973 in Normanby, Middlesbrough, England) is the former Head of Vehicle Performance at the Williams Martini Racing Formula One team. Prior to joining Williams, he was the race engineer for Felipe Massa at Ferrari. After eight years, both moved to Williams; Smedley as Head of Vehicle Performance, and Massa as driver.

Smedley's radio transmissions to Massa have even achieved cult status, with many Ferrari fans putting his messages on their mobile phones as ringtones.

Spyker F1

The Spyker F1 Team, known as the Etihad Aldar Spyker F1 Team for sponsorship reasons, was a Formula One team that competed in the 2007 Formula One World Championship, and was created by Spyker Cars after their buyout of the short-lived Midland F1 (formerly Jordan Grand Prix) team. The change to the Spyker name was accompanied by a switch in racing livery from the red and white previously used by Midland, to an orange and silver scheme—already seen on the Spyker Spyder GT2-R—orange being the national colour and the auto racing colour of the Netherlands. At the end of the 2007 season the team was sold and renamed Force India.

Tiago Monteiro

Tiago Vagaroso da Costa Monteiro (Portuguese pronunciation: [tiˈaɣu mõˈtɐjɾu]; born 24 July 1976) is a Portuguese professional racing driver. He drove for Jordan Grand Prix, Midland and Spyker MF1 teams—all different iterations of the same team as it was bought by new owners during a two-year stint as part of the Formula One paddock. He is the only Portuguese driver to have scored a Formula One podium finish.

Monteiro raced with the semi-privateer SR Sport team in the 2010 WTCC season driving a SEAT León TDI, following the withdrawal of SEAT Sport at the end of the previous season. For 2011, he again drove for Sunred Engineering, where he was partnered by rookies Aleksei Dudukalo and Pepe Oriola, as well as 2010 teammates Michel Nykjaer, Fredy Barth and Gabriele Tarquini. He remained with the team for 2012 under the "Tuenti Racing Team" banner. Monteiro raced for the Castrol Honda team with the new Honda Civic in 2013 and 2014, and remains with the Japanese manufacturer in 2015.

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