Jonathan W. Daniels

Jonathan Worth Daniels (April 26, 1902 – November 6, 1981) was an American author, editor, and White House Press Secretary. He was a founding member of the Peabody Awards Board of Jurors, serving from 1940 until 1950.[1] For most of his life, he worked at The News & Observer, and later founded The Island Packet.

Jonathan Daniels
White House Press Secretary
In office
March 29, 1945 – May 15, 1945
PresidentFranklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
Preceded byStephen Early
Succeeded byCharlie Ross
Personal details
Born
Jonathan Worth Daniels

April 26, 1902
Raleigh, North Carolina, U.S.
DiedNovember 6, 1981 (aged 79)
Hilton Head, South Carolina, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Bridgers
Lucy Billing Cathcart
Children4 daughters
EducationUniversity of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (BA, MA)
Columbia University

Education

Jonathan Worth Daniels was the son of Josephus Daniels and Addie Worth Bagley Daniels. He attended Centennial School in Raleigh from 1908 to 1913. When his father became United States Secretary of the Navy in 1913, the family moved to Washington, D.C., where he studied at the John Eaton School from 1913 to 1915, and St. Albans School from 1915 to 1918. Daniels attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and graduated in 1921 with a B.A. He continued at UNC for graduate school, earning an M.A. in English in 1921. As a student in Chapel Hill, he edited The Daily Tar Heel and participated in the Carolina Playmakers.[2] Daniels passed the North Carolina bar exam despite failing out of Columbia University Law School, but never practiced law.[3]

White House Press Secretary

After World War II began, Daniels went into government service, first as assistant director of the Office of Civilian Defense and later as one of six administrative assistants for President Franklin D. Roosevelt (who had worked under Josephus Daniels during World War I). In March 1945, less than one month before his death, Roosevelt named Daniels his press secretary, and he continued in the position temporarily under President Harry S. Truman. Daniels' term serving as White House Press Secretary was the shortest since the inception of the position in 1937.[2][4][5][3]

Later life

Daniels returned to The News & Observer in 1947 and became its editor in 1948, upon the death of his father.[2]

In 1966, he revealed the affair between Roosevelt and Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd in his book The Time Between the Wars.[6] He died in 1981.

Books

  • Clash of Angels
New York: Brewer and Warren (1930)
  • The Devil's Backbone: The Story of the Natchez Trace
New York: McGraw-Hill (1962) (Also published in later editions)
  • The End of Innocence
Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. (1954) (Also published in later editions)
  • Frontier on the Potomac
New York: Macmillan (1946) (Also published in a later edition)
  • The Gentlemanly Serpent and Other Columns from a Newspaperman in Paradise: From the Pages of the Hilton Head Island Packet, 1970-73
Columbia: University of South Carolina Press (1974)
  • The Man of Independence
Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. (1950) (Also published in a later editions)
  • Mosby: Gray Ghost of the Confederacy
Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. (1959)
  • Ordeal of Ambition: Jefferson, Hamilton, Burr
Garden City, N.Y: Doubleday (1970)
  • Prince of Carpetbaggers
Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. (1958)
  • The Randolphs of Virginia
Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday (1972)
  • Robert E. Lee
Boston: Houghton, Mifflin (1960)
  • A Southerner Discovers New England
New York: Macmillan (1940)
  • A Southerner Discovers the South
New York: Macmillan, (1938) (Also published in a later edition)
  • Stonewall Jackson
New York: Random House (1959)
  • Tar Heels: A Portrait of North Carolina
New York: Dodd, Mead (1941) (Also published in a later edition)
  • They Will Be Heard: America's Crusading Newspaper Editors
New York: McGraw-Hill (1965)
  • The Times Between the Wars: Armistice to Pearl Harbor
Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday (1966) (Also published in a later edition)
  • Washington Quadrille: The Dance beside the Documents
Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday (1968)
  • White House Witness, 1942-1945
Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday (1975)

Notes

  1. ^ George Foster Peabody Awards Board Members
  2. ^ a b c "Inventory of the Jonathan Daniels Papers, 1865-1982". Retrieved 2007-04-26.
  3. ^ a b "Jonathan Worth Daniels". North Carolina Literary Hall of Fame. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  4. ^ "News Article". Lincoln (Neb.) State Journal. 30 March 1945. p. 9. Jonathan Daniels, who succeeded Stephen T. Early as the man who handles presidential press relations, took the oath of office Thursday.
  5. ^ Oral History Interview with Jonathan Daniels Truman Library. 1963. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  6. ^ "New light on the revelations of Franklin Roosevelt's 30-year affection for Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd". Life. September 2, 1966. Archived from the original on May 7, 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2013.

References

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Stephen Early
White House Press Secretary
1945
Succeeded by
Charlie Ross
Addie Worth Bagley Daniels

Addie Worth Bagley Daniels (née Adelaide Worth Bagley; May 1, 1869 - December 19, 1943) was an American suffragist leader and writer. She attended the Eighth Conference of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance in 1920 as the US delegate, the appointee of President Woodrow Wilson, upon the recommendation of Carrie Chapman Catt.

Charlie Ross (journalist)

Charles Griffith Ross (November 9, 1885 – December 5, 1950) was a White House Press Secretary between 1945 and 1950 for President Harry S. Truman.

Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953, succeeding upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt after serving as vice president. He implemented the Marshall Plan to rebuild the economy of Western Europe, and established the Truman Doctrine and NATO.

Truman was elected to the United States Senate in 1934 and gained national prominence as chairman of the Truman Committee aimed at waste and inefficiency in wartime contracts. Soon after succeeding to the presidency he authorized the first and only use of nuclear weapons in war. Truman's administration engaged in an internationalist foreign policy and renounced isolationism. He rallied his New Deal coalition during the 1948 presidential election and won a surprise victory that secured his own presidential term.

Truman oversaw the Berlin Airlift of 1948. When Communist North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950, he gained United Nations approval for the very large policy action known as the Korean War. It saved South Korea but the Chinese intervened, driving back the UN/US forces and preventing a rollback of Communism in North Korea. On domestic issues, bills endorsed by Truman faced opposition from a conservative Congress, but his administration successfully guided the U.S. economy through the post-war economic challenges. In 1948 he submitted the first comprehensive civil rights legislation and issued Executive Orders to start racial integration in the military and federal agencies.

Allegations of corruption in the Truman administration became a central campaign issue in the 1952 presidential election and accounted for Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower's electoral victory against Democrat Adlai Stevenson II. Truman's financially difficult retirement was marked by the founding of his presidential library and the publication of his memoirs. When he left office, Truman's presidency was criticized, but scholars rehabilitated his image in the 1960s and he is ranked as one of the best presidents.

Jonathan Daniels (disambiguation)

Jonathan Daniels may refer to:

Jon Daniels, general manager of the American baseball club the Texas Rangers

Jonathan Daniels (1939–1965), Episcopal seminarian, killed for his work in the American civil rights movement

Jonathan W. Daniels (1902–1981), shortest-serving White House Press Secretary

Lewisham London Borough Council elections

The London Borough of Lewisham is a London borough, in the United Kingdom, established in 1964. Elections are held every four years using a plurality bloc vote electoral system for the councillors and the supplementary vote electoral system for the elected mayor.

List of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill alumni

This is a list of notable alumni of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

List of people from Raleigh, North Carolina

This is a list of people from Raleigh, North Carolina.

Look Homeward, Angel

Look Homeward, Angel: A Story of the Buried Life is a 1929 novel by Thomas Wolfe. It is Wolfe's first novel, and is considered a highly autobiographical American coming-of-age story. The character of Eugene Gant is generally believed to be a depiction of Wolfe himself. The novel covers the span of time from Eugene's birth to the age of 19. The setting is the fictional town and state of Altamont, Catawba, a fictionalization of his home town, Asheville, North Carolina. Playwright Ketti Frings wrote a theatrical adaptation of Wolfe's work in a 1957 play of the same title.

Lucy Inman

Lucy Noble Inman is a judge of the North Carolina Court of Appeals and formerly served as a special North Carolina Superior Court judge. Inman won election to the appellate court in a statewide race on November 4, 2014.Inman is the daughter of author Lucy Daniels, the granddaughter of former White House Press Secretary Jonathan W. Daniels and the great-granddaughter of Navy Secretary Josephus Daniels. Inman was born in Indianapolis, Indiana while her father was working at the Indianapolis Star. The family returned to Raleigh while she was an infant. Inman earned her undergraduate degree from North Carolina State University in 1984 and worked as a newspaper reporter before attending law school at the University of North Carolina School of Law. After earning her law degree in 1990 she clerked for Chief Justice James G. Exum at the North Carolina Supreme Court. Inman was in private practice from 1992 to 2010, when she was appointed to the superior court as a special judge by Governor Bev Perdue.

She won election to the Court of Appeals in 2014, defeating District Court Judge Bill Southern in a race to replace retiring Judge Robert C. Hunter.

Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd

Lucy Page Mercer Rutherfurd (April 26, 1891 – July 31, 1948) was an American woman best known for her affair with future US President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Lucy Mercer was born to wealthy parents who lost most of their fortune and separated in the years following her birth. Mercer then worked briefly in a dress store before taking a position as the social secretary of Eleanor Roosevelt, Franklin's wife, in 1914. Mercer and Franklin are believed to have begun an affair in mid-1916, when she was 25 and he was 34, and prior to his paralytic illness. The relationship was discovered by Eleanor in September 1918, when she found a packet of their letters when unpacking his luggage upon his return from an inspection trip to the war zone in Europe while Assistant Secretary of the Navy near the end of the First World War in September 1918. Though Eleanor offered Franklin a divorce and Franklin considered accepting, political, financial, and familial pressures caused him to remain in the marriage. Franklin terminated the affair and promised not to see Mercer again.

Mercer soon married wealthy socialite Winthrop Rutherfurd (1862–1944), a widower then in his fifties, but despite her marriage and Franklin's promise, the two remained in surreptitious, albeit infrequent contact in the three decades that followed. Especially during the war years, Franklin's daughter Anna Roosevelt Halsted arranged for her father to meet with his former mistress, more frequently after Rutherfurd's death in 1944. Mercer was in Warm Springs, Georgia, at the "Little White House" the President's long-time cottage and retreat, at the time of Roosevelt's death in April 1945. He was having his portrait painted, at Mercer's request, by the artist Elizabeth Shoumatoff in the living room – with Mercer and two female cousins attending. While sitting at a card table by the fireplace, reading an upcoming speech, Roosevelt said, "I have a terrific pain in the back of my head." He then slumped forward in his chair, unconscious. Madame Shoumatoff, who maintained close friendships with both Roosevelt and Mercer, rushed Mercer away to avoid negative publicity and implications of infidelity. Mercer's presence in the house was not mentioned in the immediate press reports nor in any of the early published biographies.

Lucy died of leukemia on July 31, 1948. Despite rumors, her affair with Roosevelt did not become widespread public knowledge until the publication of Jonathan W. Daniels' 1966 memoir The Time Between the Wars.

Nu Wray Inn

The Nu Wray Inn is an historic hotel located at Burnsville, Yancey County, North Carolina. It was built in 1833 at the time Yancey County was formed and a year before Burnsville was established. It was originally built of logs and had eight bedrooms and a dining room and kitchen. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.Thomas Wolfe spent the night there in 1929 when he was a witness at a murder trial in Burnsville. Elvis Presley and William Sidney Porter (O. Henry) were also guests.It was owned by the same family for a century until the death of Wray family patriarch Rush Wray.Writing about the Inn in 1941 the journalist Jonathan W. Daniels said:

Everything is on the table in the Nu Wray Hotel at Burnsville. Nobody waits to give an order. They bring it in, three or four kinds of meat, all the vegetables of the whole mountain countryside. There are dishes of homemade jellies and preserves. The country ham is excellent. The stout tables do not groan but the stuffed guest rising sometimes does. It is country plenty, country cooked and country served, but in proof that the persisting homesickness for country eating is not entirely based on legend.

PlayMakers Repertory Company

PlayMakers Repertory Company is the professional theater company in residence at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. PlayMakers Repertory Company is the successor of the Carolina Playmakers and is named after the Historic Playmakers Theatre. PlayMakers was founded in 1976 and is affiliated with the Dramatic and performing arts at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The company consists of residents, guest artists, professional staff and graduate students in the Department for Dramatic Arts at UNC and produces seasons of six main stage productions of contemporary and classical works that run from September to April. PlayMakers Repertory Company has a second stage series, PRC², that examines controversial social and political issues. The company has been acknowledged by the Drama League of New York and American Theatre magazine for being one of the top fifty regional theaters in the country. PlayMakers operates under agreements with the Actors' Equity Association, United Scenic Artists, and the Society of Stage Directors and Choreographers.

St. Albans School (Washington, D.C.)

St. Albans School (STA) is an independent college preparatory day and boarding school for boys in grades 4–12, located in Washington, D.C. The school is named after Saint Alban, traditionally regarded as the first British martyr. Within the St. Albans community, the school is commonly referred to as "S-T-A." It enrolls approximately 545 day students and 30 boarding students, who are in grades 9-12, and is affiliated with the National Cathedral School and the co-ed Beauvoir, the National Cathedral Elementary School, all of which are located on the grounds of the Washington National Cathedral. St. Albans, along with the affiliated schools and the Washington National Cathedral, are members of the Protestant Episcopal Cathedral Foundation.

The school mascot is the bulldog, a symbol adopted under the school’s fourth headmaster, Canon Charles S. Martin, because of Martin’s fondness for his pet bulldogs. The St. Albans motto, "Pro Ecclesia et Pro Patria," translates to "For Church and Country." St. Albans requires all students to attend Chapel twice a week in The Little Sanctuary. The school seeks to develop in its students a sense of moral responsibility through Chapel, its Honor Code, and a co-curricular social service program.

A 2004 article in the Wall Street Journal found that among U.S. schools, St. Albans had the 11th-highest success rate in placing graduates at 10 selective universities.Almost 75% of the faculty at the school have advanced degrees. The school also maintains one writer-in-residence, who teaches English classes while developing his or her work. (A past writer-in-residence is Curtis Sittenfeld, who worked on her best-selling novel Prep while at St. Albans.)

Stephen Early

Stephen Tyree Early (August 27, 1889 – August 11, 1951) was a U.S. journalist and government official. He served as the third White House Press Secretary under Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1933 to 1945 and as the acting Press Secretary under President Harry S. Truman in 1950 after the sudden death of Charles Griffith Ross. Early served as press secretary longer than any other person.

The Daily Tar Heel

The Daily Tar Heel (DTH) is the independent student newspaper of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. It was founded on February 23, 1893, and became a daily newspaper in 1929. The paper places a focus on university news and sports, but it also includes heavy coverage of Orange County and North Carolina. In 2016, the paper moved from five days a week in print to four, cutting the Tuesday edition. In 2017, the paper began to print on only Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. All editorial content is overseen by student editors and a volunteer student staff of about 230 people. It is the largest news organization in Orange County.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), also known as UNC-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, or simply Carolina is a public research university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. It is the flagship of the 17 campuses of the University of North Carolina system. After being chartered in 1789, the university first began enrolling students in 1795, which also allows it to be one of three schools to claim the title of the oldest public university in the United States. Among the claimants, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is the only one to have held classes and graduated students as a public university in the eighteenth century.The first public institution of higher education in North Carolina, the school opened its doors to students on February 12, 1795. The university offers degrees in over 70 courses of study through fourteen colleges and the College of Arts and Sciences. All undergraduates receive a liberal arts education and have the option to pursue a major within the professional schools of the university or within the College of Arts and Sciences from the time they obtain junior status. Under the leadership of President Kemp Plummer Battle, in 1877 North Carolina became coeducational and began the process of desegregation in 1951 when African-American graduate students were admitted under Chancellor Robert Burton House. In 1952, North Carolina opened its own hospital, UNC Health Care, for research and treatment, and has since specialized in cancer care. The school's students, alumni, and sports teams are known as "Tar Heels".

UNC's faculty and alumni include 9 Nobel Prize laureates, 23 Pulitzer Prize winners, and 49 Rhodes Scholars. Additional notable alumni include a U.S. President, a U.S. Vice President, 38 Governors of U.S. States, 98 members of the United States Congress, 9 Cabinet members, 39 Henry Luce Scholars, 9 World Cup winners and 3 astronauts as well as founders and CEOs of Fortune 500 companies.

The campus covers 729 acres (3 km2) of Chapel Hill's downtown area, encompassing the Morehead Planetarium and the many stores and shops located on Franklin Street. Students can participate in over 550 officially recognized student organizations. The student-run newspaper The Daily Tar Heel has won national awards for collegiate media, while the student radio station WXYC provided the world's first internet radio broadcast. In 2018, UNC was ranked amongst the top 30 universities in the United States according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities, Washington Monthly, and U.S. News & World Report. Internationally, UNC is ranked 33rd and 34th in the world by Academic Ranking of World Universities and U.S. News and World Report, respectively. UNC is regarded as a Public Ivy, an institution which provides an Ivy League collegiate experience at a public school price. North Carolina is one of the charter members of the Atlantic Coast Conference, which was founded on June 14, 1953. Competing athletically as the Tar Heels, North Carolina has achieved great success in sports, most notably in men's basketball, women's soccer, and women's field hockey.

W. J. Cash

Wilbur Joseph Cash (May 2, 1900 – July 1, 1941) was an American author and journalist known primarily for his works about the American South.

White House Press Secretary

The White House Press Secretary is a senior White House official whose primary responsibility is to act as spokesperson for the executive branch of the United States government administration, especially with regard to the President, senior executives, and policies.

The press secretary is responsible for collecting information about actions and events within the president's administration and issues the administration's reactions to developments around the world. The press secretary interacts with the media, and deals with the White House press corps on a daily basis, generally in a daily press briefing.

The press secretary serves by the appointment and at the pleasure of the president; the office does not require the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate, though because of the frequent briefings given to the media, who in turn inform the public, the position is still a very prominent non-Cabinet post.

The current Press Secretary is Sarah Sanders.

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