John Wilbanks

John Wilbanks is the chief commons officer at Sage Bionetworks and a senior fellow at the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation and at FasterCures. He runs the Consent to Research Project.[1]

John Wilbanks
John Wilbanks Portrait by Nick Vedros
Wilbanks in Kansas City in 2009
Alma mater
OccupationSenior Fellow
OrganizationEwing Marion Kauffman Foundation

Education and career

Wilbanks grew up in Knoxville, Tennessee, US. He attended Tulane University and received a Bachelor of Arts in philosophy in 1994.[2][3] He also studied modern letters at the Sorbonne in Paris.[2]

John Wilbanks 2
Wilbanks at the 2007 National Conference.

From 1994 to 1997, he worked in Washington, DC as a legislative aide to Congressman Fortney "Pete" Stark. During this time Wilbanks was also a grassroots coordinator and fundraiser for the American Physical Therapy Association.[3] Wilbanks was the Berkman Center for Internet & Society's first assistant director from the fall of 1998 to the summer of 2000. There he led efforts in software development and Internet-mediated learning, and was involved in the Berkman Center's work on ICANN.[3]

While at the Berkman Center, Wilbanks founded Incellico, Inc., a bioinformatics company that built semantic graph networks for use in pharmaceutical research and development. He served as President and CEO, and led to the company's acquisition in the summer of 2003.[3][4] He has also served as a Fellow at the World Wide Web Consortium on Semantic Web for Life Sciences, was a Visiting Scientist in the Project on Mathematics and Computation at MIT,[5] and was a member of the National Advisory Committee for PubMed Central.[3] He is a member of the Board of Directors for Sage Bionetworks[6] and on the advisory boards of Genomera, Genomic Arts, and Boundless Learning. He is an original author of the Panton Principles for sharing data.

Wilbanks led a We the People petition supporting the free access of taxpayer-funded research data, which gained over 65,000 signatures.[7] In February 2013, the White House responded, detailing a plan to freely publicize taxpayer-funded research data.[8]

Consent To Research

Consent to Research (CtR) is a project that provides a platform for people to donate their health data for the purposes of scientific research and the advancement of medicine. Since health data is restricted and expensive, this project provides people the opportunity to freely donate information that can only positively benefit medicine and patients at large.[9] Consent to Research is connected to the Access2Research project, which aims to free access over the Internet to scientific journal articles that are already taxpayer-funded.[10] Wilbanks founded the project in 2011 and gave a TED Global talk about the project in 2012.[11]

Science Commons

Wilbanks worked at Science Commons and Creative Commons from October 2004 to September 2011.[4] As vice president of science he ran the Science Commons project for its five-year lifetime and continued to work on science after he joined the core Creative Commons organization. He has been interviewed by Popular Science magazine,[12] KRUU Radio,[13] and BioMed Central to discuss Science Commons.[14]

Scientific American featured Wilbanks in "The Machine That Would Predict The Future" in 2011.[15] Seed magazine named Wilbanks among their Revolutionary Minds of 2008, as a "Game Changer" [16] and the Utne Reader named him in 2009 as one of "50 visionaries who are changing your world".[17] He frequently campaigns for wider adoption of open access publishing in science[18][19] and the increased sharing of data by scientists.[20][21]


  1. ^ "Glossary of Terms". Consent to Research online. Archived from the original on 2011-11-14.
  2. ^ a b "Wilbanks Bio" (PDF). Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Potsdam. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  3. ^ a b c d e "John Wilbanks". Berkman Center for Internet and Society. 2008-01-09. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
  4. ^ a b "People - Creative Commons". Creative Commons. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
  5. ^ Project on Mathematics and Computation
  6. ^ "Sage Bionetworks Seattle | Directors". Archived from the original on 2012-02-11.
  7. ^ "John Wilbanks TED Profile". Retrieved 12 Mar 2013.
  8. ^ Mike Masnick (Feb 2013). "White House Orders Federal Agencies To Require More Open Access To Not Just Research, But Data". Retrieved 27 Mar 2013. - Direct link to response is in this article. Blacklisted by WP's spam filter.
  9. ^ "Access2Research - About Us". Access2Research. Archived from the original on 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2013-02-06.
  10. ^ "TED Blog - Unreasonable people unite: John Wilbanks at TED Global 2012". TED. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  11. ^ Seiff, Abby (2007-07-19). "Will John Wilbanks Launch the Next Scientific Revolution?". Popular Science. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
  12. ^ Raman, Sundar (2007-01-23). "16 - Open Views - John Wilbanks, Science Commons". Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  13. ^ Weitzman, Jonathan B. (2004-12-20). "Science Commons makes sharing easier". Open Access Now. Archived from the original on 2005-01-31. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
  14. ^ "The Machine That Would Predict The Future". Scientific American. Retrieved 2011-11-18.
  15. ^ "John Wilbanks - Science Commons". Seed Media Group. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
  16. ^ "John Wilbanks - Executive Director, Science Commons". Utne Reader. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
  17. ^ Wilbanks, J. (2006). "Another reason for opening access to research". BMJ. 333 (7582): 1306–1308. doi:10.1136/sbmj.39063.730660.F7. PMC 1761190. PMID 17185718.
  18. ^ Richard Poynder (2012-05-25). "Open Access: The People's Petition". Retrieved 2012-06-01.
  19. ^ Field, D.; Sansone, S. -A.; Collis, A.; Booth, T.; Dukes, P.; Gregurick, S. K.; Kennedy, K.; Kolar, P.; Kolker, E.; Maxon, M.; Millard, S.; Mugabushaka, A. -M.; Perrin, N.; Remacle, J. E.; Remington, K.; Rocca-Serra, P.; Taylor, C. F.; Thorley, M.; Tiwari, B.; Wilbanks, J. (2009). "'Omics Data Sharing". Science. 326 (5950): 234–236. doi:10.1126/science.1180598. PMC 2770171. PMID 19815759.
  20. ^ Wilbanks, J. (2011). "Openness as infrastructure". Journal of Cheminformatics. 3 (1): 36. doi:10.1186/1758-2946-3-36. PMC 3197551. PMID 21999327.

External links


Access2Research is a campaign in the United States for academic journal publishing reform led by open access advocates Michael W. Carroll, Heather Joseph, Mike Rossner, and John Wilbanks.On May 20, 2012, it launched a petition to the White House to "require free access over the Internet to journal articles arising from taxpayer-funded research". The White House has committed to issue an official response to such petitions if they reach 25,000 signatures within 30 days. Access2Research reached this milestone within two weeks. On February 22, 2013, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and announced an executive directive ordering all US Federal Agencies with research & development budgets over $100M to develop public access policies within twelve months.

The petition builds on previous campaigns asking scholars, publishers, funders, governments and the general public to remove paywalls to publicly funded scholarly research. It follows initiatives previously targeted at academics such as The Cost of Knowledge calling for lower prices for scholarly journals and to promote increased access to scientific information. The campaign refers to the NIH Public Access Policy as an example of a mandate that should be expanded to all federally funded research.

Do-it-yourself biology

Do-it-yourself biology (DIY biology, DIY bio) is a growing biotechnological social movement in which individuals, communities, and small organizations study biology and life science using the same methods as traditional research institutions. DIY biology is primarily undertaken by individuals with extensive research training from academia or corporations, who then mentor and oversee other DIY biologists with little or no formal training. This may be done as a hobby, as a not-for-profit endeavour for community learning and open-science innovation, or for profit, to start a business.


GreenXchange was an online marketplace where companies share intellectual property developed by them in order to stir up innovation in industries in which they themselves do not compete. It was launched at Davos, Switzerland in January 2010 by Nike, Creative Commons and Best Buy.GreenXchange provided a standardized patent license structure, where patent-owners can control to whom and to what degree their intellectual property is made available. GreenXchange can be used by Nike, for example, to share its existing patents and intellectual property free of charge or for a fee, but usually only with companies with which Nike does not directly compete. Nike has listed on the exchange over 400 of its patents.On January 11, 2011 the GreenXchange held an in-person Collaboratory that included attendance by Brooks, Nike, New Balance, Oregon based non-profits, the University of Oregon and University of Washington, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.Competing companies may also collaborate with one another via the exchange but usually only in ongoing research in a given field.

John Wilbanks, vice president for Science at Creative Commons, said at the January 2010 launch: “There is so much duplication of effort and wasted resources when it comes to sustainability. We need to make it easier for individuals, companies, academia, and researchers to collaborate and share best practices.”Although the GreenXchange website is not active anymore, Nike says that they "have gained significant insights from this collaboration which continue to inform [their] strategy to bring sustainability innovations to scale".

List of American scientists

This is a list of American scientists.


The ORCID iD (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) is a nonproprietary alphanumeric code to uniquely identify scientific and other academic authors and contributors. This addresses the problem that a particular author's contributions to the scientific literature or publications in the humanities can be hard to recognize as most personal names are not unique, they can change (such as with marriage), have cultural differences in name order, contain inconsistent use of first-name abbreviations and employ different writing systems. It provides a persistent identity for humans, similar to that created for content-related entities on digital networks by digital object identifiers (DOIs).The ORCID organization, ORCID Inc., offers an open and independent registry intended to be the de facto standard for contributor identification in research and academic publishing. On 16 October 2012, ORCID launched its registry services and started issuing user identifiers.

Open-door academic policy

An open-door academic policy, or open-door policy, is a policy if a university accepting to enroll students without asking for evidence of previous education, experience, or references. Usually, payment of the academic fees (or financial support) is all that is required to enroll.

Universities may not employ the open-door policy for all their courses, and those that have a universal open-door policy where all courses have no entry requirements are called open universities. The policy is seen to be a part of the educational revolution. From the dictionary meaning of the open-door policy, which is the idea of granting access to those who want access to the country freely, a similar idea can be drawn in terms of education.According to Deepa Rao, the open-door academic policy is one of the main ways in which adult learners become a part of university/college life. The recognized demand for post-secondary education made many institutions commit strongly to the policy, but many concealed limitations in the policy can prevent some from securing a degree.

Open admissions

Open admissions, or open enrollment, is a type of unselective and noncompetitive college admissions process in the United States in which the only criterion for entrance is a high school diploma or a certificate of attendance or General Educational Development (GED) certificate.

Open collaboration

Open collaboration is "any system of innovation or production that relies on goal-oriented yet loosely coordinated participants who interact to create a product (or service) of economic value, which they make available to contributors and noncontributors alike." It is prominently observed in open source software, but can also be found in many other instances, such as in Internet forums, mailing lists and online communities. Open collaboration is also thought to be the operating principle underlining a gamut of diverse ventures, including bitcoin, TEDx, and Wikipedia.Open collaboration is the principle underlying peer production, mass collaboration, and wikinomics. It was observed initially in open source software, but can also be found in many other instances, such as in Internet forums, mailing lists, Internet communities, and many instances of open content, such as creative commons. It also explains some instances of crowdsourcing, collaborative consumption, and open innovation.Riehle et al. define open collaboration as collaboration based on three principles of egalitarianism, meritocracy, and self-organization. Levine and Prietula define open collaboration as "any system of innovation or production that relies on goal-oriented yet loosely coordinated participants who interact to create a product (or service) of economic value, which they make available to contributors and noncontributors alike." This definition captures multiple instances, all joined by similar principles. For example, all of the elements — goods of economic value, open access to contribute and consume, interaction and exchange, purposeful yet loosely coordinated work — are present in an open source software project, in Wikipedia, or in a user forum or community. They can also be present in a commercial website that is based on user-generated content. In all of these instances of open collaboration, anyone can contribute and anyone can freely partake in the fruits of sharing, which are produced by interacting participants who are loosely coordinated.

An annual conference dedicated to the research and practice of open collaboration is the International Symposium on Wikis and Open Collaboration (OpenSym, formerly WikiSym). As per its website, the group defines open collaboration as "collaboration that is egalitarian (everyone can join, no principled or artificial barriers to participation exist), meritocratic (decisions and status are merit-based rather than imposed) and self-organizing (processes adapt to people rather than people adapt to pre-defined processes)."

Open data

Open data is the idea that some data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control. The goals of the open-source data movement are similar to those of other "open(-source)" movements such as open-source software, hardware, open content, open education, open educational resources, open government, open knowledge, open access, open science, and the open web. Paradoxically, the growth of the open data movement is paralleled by a rise in intellectual property rights. The philosophy behind open data has been long established (for example in the Mertonian tradition of science), but the term "open data" itself is recent, gaining popularity with the rise of the Internet and World Wide Web and, especially, with the launch of open-data government initiatives such as, and

Open data, can also be linked data; when it is, it is linked open data. One of the most important forms of open data is open government data (OGD), which is a form of open data created by ruling government institutions. Open government data's importance is borne from it being a part of citizens' everyday lives, down to the most routine/mundane tasks that are seemingly far removed from government.

Open university

An open university is a university with an open-door academic policy, with minimal or no entry requirements. Open universities may employ specific teaching methods, such as open supported learning or distance education. However, not all open universities focus on distance education, nor do distance-education universities necessarily have open admission policies.

P2P Foundation

P2P Foundation: The Foundation for Peer to Peer Alternatives is an organization with the aim of studying the impact of peer to peer technology and thought on society. It was founded by Michel Bauwens, James Burke and Brice Le Blévennec.The P2P Foundation is a registered institute founded in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Its local registered name is: Stichting Peer to Peer Alternatives, dossier nr: 34264847.

Panton Principles

The Panton Principles are a set of principles which were written to promote open science. They were first drafted in July 2009 at the Panton Arms pub in Cambridge.

Sage Bionetworks

Sage Bionetworks is a nonprofit organization in Seattle that promotes open science and patient engagement in the research process. It is led by Lara Mangravite. It was co-founded by Stephen Friend and Eric Schadt.

Science Commons

Science Commons (SC) was a Creative Commons project for designing strategies and tools for faster, more efficient web-enabled scientific research. The organization's goals were to identify unnecessary barriers to research, craft policy guidelines and legal agreements to lower those barriers, and develop technology to make research data and materials easier to find and use. Its overarching goal was to speed the translation of data into discovery and thereby the value of research.

Science Commons was located at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory in the Ray and Maria Stata Center at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Singularity Summit

The Singularity Summit is the annual conference of the Machine Intelligence Research Institute. It was started in 2006 at Stanford University by Ray Kurzweil, Eliezer Yudkowsky, and Peter Thiel, and the subsequent summits in 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011 have been held in San Francisco, San Jose, New York City, San Francisco, and New York, respectively. Some speakers have included Sebastian Thrun, Rodney Brooks, Barney Pell, Marshall Brain, Justin Rattner, Peter Diamandis, Stephen Wolfram, Gregory Benford, Robin Hanson, Anders Sandberg, Juergen Schmidhuber, Aubrey de Grey, Max Tegmark, and Michael Shermer.

There have also been spinoff conferences in Melbourne, Australia in 2010, 2011 and 2012. Previous speakers include David Chalmers, Lawrence Krauss, Gregory Benford, Ben Goertzel, Steve Omohundro, Hugo de Garis, Marcus Hutter, Mark Pesce, Stelarc and Randal A. Koene.

Social peer-to-peer processes

Social peer-to-peer processes are interactions with a peer-to-peer dynamic. These peers can be humans or computers. Peer-to-peer (P2P) is a term that originated from the popular concept of the P2P distributed computer application architecture which partitions tasks or workloads between peers. This application structure was popularized by file sharing systems like Napster, the first of its kind in the late 1990s.

The concept has inspired new structures and philosophies in many areas of human interaction. P2P human dynamic affords a critical look at current authoritarian and centralized social structures. Peer-to-peer is also a political and social program for those who believe that in many cases, peer-to-peer modes are a preferable option.

Texas–Rio Grande Valley Vaqueros men's basketball

The Texas–Rio Grande Valley Vaqueros men's basketball team, or UTRGV Vaqueros, represents the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley in Edinburg, Texas, United States. The school's team currently competes in the Western Athletic Conference. They play their home games at the UTRGV Fieldhouse.

The team's current identity was established after the University of Texas at Brownsville and the University of Texas–Pan American (UTPA) were merged in 2015. The UTPA athletic program, nicknamed "Broncs", was directly converted to that of UTRGV, with UTPA's WAC membership and athletic history transferring to the new institution.

The Reckoning (Grisham novel)

The Reckoning is a legal thriller novel by John Grisham.


Wilbanks is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Don Wilbanks (1901–1984), American stage and television actor

George Wilbanks, leader in the executive recruiting field

George D. Wilbanks, world-renowned cancer researcher, surgeon and professor of obstetrics and gynecology

Hilliard A. Wilbanks (1933–1967), American officer and pilot

Jennifer Carol Wilbanks, of the runaway bride case

John Wilbanks, vice president of Science Commons

William Wilbanks (born 1940), American criminologist

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