John K. Tener

John Kinley Tener (July 25, 1863 – May 19, 1946) was an American politician and Major League Baseball player and executive. He served as the 25th Governor of Pennsylvania from 1911 until 1915. A Republican, he had previously served as a U.S. Representative for Pennsylvania's 24th congressional district. During his baseball career, Tener played as a pitcher and outfielder for the Baltimore Orioles of the American Association, the Chicago White Stockings of the National League, and the Pittsburgh Burghers of the Federal League; after his playing career, he served as President of the National League.[1]

John K. Tener
25th Governor of Pennsylvania
In office
January 17, 1911 – January 19, 1915
LieutenantJohn Reynolds
Preceded byEdwin Sydney Stuart
Succeeded byMartin Brumbaugh
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 24th district
In office
March 4, 1909 – January 16, 1911
Preceded byErnest Acheson
Succeeded byCharles Matthews
Personal details
BornJuly 25, 1863
County Tyrone, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
DiedMay 19, 1946 (aged 82)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Harriet Day
(m. 1889; her death 1935)

Leone Evans
(m. 1936; her death 1937)
John Tener
John Tener Baseball
Pitcher, Outfielder
Born: July 25, 1863
County Tyrone, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Died: May 19, 1946 (aged 82)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
June 8, 1885, for the Baltimore Orioles (American Association)
Last MLB appearance
October 4, 1890, for the Pittsburgh Burghers
MLB statistics
Win–loss record25–31
Earned run average4.30


John Tener was born in County Tyrone on the island of Ireland (then part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland). His parents were George Evans Tener and Susan Wallis. In 1872, Tener's father died and the family moved the following year to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Tener attended public schools and later worked as a clerk for hardware manufacturer Oliver Iron and Steel Corporation from 1881–1885.

In 1885, Tener, who was six-foot-four (1.93 meters),[2] decided to try his hand at professional baseball. He joined the Haverhill, Massachusetts minor league baseball team in the New England League as a pitcher and outfielder and was a teammate of future Hall of Fame players Wilbert Robinson and Tommy McCarthy.[3] Later that year, Tener made his Major League debut with the Baltimore Orioles of the American Association, playing in a single game as an outfielder.[2]

While playing in Haverhill, Tener met his future wife, Harriet Day. They married in October 1889.[2]

After his brief appearance in Baltimore, Tener continued playing minor league ball, but also returned to the corporate world, working for the Chartiers Valley Gas Company in Pittsburgh and Chambers and McKee Glass Company. In 1888, Cap Anson, the manager of the Chicago White Stockings (now the Chicago Cubs), noticed him pitching in Pittsburgh and signed Tener to a contract.[2] Tener was a pitcher and an outfielder for two years in Chicago with moderate success. He notched a 7–5 record with a 2.74 ERA in 1888 and went 15–15 with a 3.64 ERA in 1889.[2]

After the 1888 season, Tener accompanied the team on a world tour of Australia, New Zealand, Egypt, France, Italy and England. While in England, Tener was chosen to help explain the game of baseball to the Prince of Wales, who would go on to become King Edward VII.[2]

Tener was elected as Secretary of the Brotherhood of Professional Players, an early players union[2] and served under President John Montgomery Ward, a future member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. In 1890, unhappy with baseball's reserve clause, Tener joined other players in jumping to the Players' League.[2] Playing for the Pittsburgh Burghers, Tener compiled a poor 3–11 record.[2] The league folded after one year and Tener decided to retire from professional baseball.[2]

He entered the banking business in Charleroi, Pennsylvania in 1891, becoming a cashier at the First National Bank of Charleroi. By 1897, he was the president of the bank. Over the years, Tener became a prominent business leader, founding the Charleroi Savings and Trust Company and the Mercantile Bridge Company.[2]

Political career

In 1908, Tener, a Republican, was elected to serve in the 61st United States Congress from Pennsylvania's 24th congressional district.[4] As a former ballplayer, Tener organized the first Congressional Baseball Game which is now an annual tradition on Capitol Hill.[5]

John Tener Governor
Governor Tener (center) with Governors John Dix and William Sulzer of New York

Tener planned to run for re-election in 1910. Instead, the Republican Party nominated Tener as its candidate for Governor where he would face a divided electorate.[6] Pennsylvania experienced a scandal during the construction of the new Pennsylvania State Capitol. State Treasurer William H. Berry had found that there had been an unappropriated cost for the building's construction of over $7.7 million ($207,047,500 today),[7] including a number of questionable charges. The scandal led to the conviction of the building architect and a former State Treasurer.[7] Berry failed to get the Democratic nomination and broke away taking independent Republicans and Democrats to form his new Keystone Party.[8]

Tener won the election with 415,614 votes (41.7%) over Berry with 382,127 (38.2%)[6] with the help of a 45,000-vote victory in the City of Philadelphia.[8] The Democratic candidate, State Senator Webster Grim of Doylestown, Pennsylvania finished third with 13%.[8] Governor Tener was the first Governor since the American Revolution to be born outside the United States and only the second in Pennsylvania's history to have been born outside of the state.[6]

Tener's initiatives as governor included reforming the state public school system and the highway system. With schools, Tener signed into law the School Code of 1911, which established a State Board of Education empowered to set minimum standards and minimum salaries.[6] The Code also mandated that all children regardless of race or color between the ages of eight and sixteen would be required to attend school.[6]

The Governor also signed the Sproul Highway Bill into law, which gave the state responsibility over 9,000 public roads that counties and cities had previously maintained.[6] Rebuffed by the voters for a bond issue to fund the program, Tener signed a bill designating fees from automobile registrations and drivers licenses to be used for road funding.[6] In 1913, the Governor sign a bill requiring hunting licenses in Pennsylvania, using the fees generated by the licenses to fund conservation programs.[9]

Baseball executive

Tener maintained his interest in baseball after retiring as a player. In 1912, Governor Tener spoke out against gambling in baseball, and informed district attorneys around the state that he believed existing laws could be used against illegal wagering. He also offered the influence and assistance of the state government to support any district attorney who chose to act against wagering.[10]

In 1913, Philadelphia Phillies owner William Baker proposed offering the position of National League president to Tener after the owners declined to extend the contract of president Thomas Lynch. Tener accepted the offer at a contract of $25,000 ($633,754 today) per year, but was not paid until April 1915 when his term as Governor expired.[2]

Pennsylvania Governor John K. Tener at Ebbets Field (baseball) LCCN2014695754
Tener throwing out the first ball at Ebbets Field on April 14, 1914

Early in his administration, Tener had his hands full as league president, serving a double role as Governor of Pennsylvania. The Federal League declared itself a major league and began competing for players in 1914. A number of players began jumping to the new league including Joe Tinker.[11]

At the same time, Tener had to mediate a dispute between Chicago Cubs owner Charles Murphy and Cub manager and star player, Johnny Evers. Evers claimed that he had been fired by Murphy after a salary dispute.[12] Murphy claimed in turn that the future hall-of-famer had resigned with the intent of jumping to the new Federal League.[12] Murphy later attempted to broker a trade to the Boston Braves in which the Cubs would receive Boston star Bill Sweeney.[13] The League originally ruled that Murphy had broken the terms of Evers's contract by not giving him ten days notice before the dismissal and that the punishment would be that Boston did not have to give the players to Chicago.[13] This led to a protest by Murphy.

At the time, Murphy was not a well-regarded owner by his peers[12] and the League was afraid that Evers would go to the Federal League to join his former teammate, Joe Tinker. The dispute gave the owners the opportunity to rid themselves of Murphy. Tener arranged for newspaper publisher Charles P. Taft, who was a minority shareholder and had helped the league to force out Phillies owner Horace Fogel,[13] to buy the team and force Murphy out.[12]

Tener later faced the prospect of players' strikes in 1914 and 1917. In 1914, the Baseball Players Fraternity, led by Dave Fultz threatened to strike over the transfer of Clarence Kraft to the minor leagues from the Brooklyn Robins.[14] Brooklyn had tried to send Kraft to their minor league club in Newark, New Jersey, but the Nashville Vols claimed that they had the rights to Kraft. Going to Nashville would have cost Kraft $150 ($3,752 today) in salary.[14] When baseball's National Commission ruled that Kraft had to report to Nashville, he appealed to Fultz for help. Although American League President Ban Johnson sought a confrontation, Tener brokered a deal in which Brooklyn paid for Kraft's rights and sent him to Newark.[14]

John K. Tener NL President.jpeg
Tener photographed by Charles M. Conlon.

Tener ruled Benny Kauff ineligible to join the New York Giants baseball team in April 1915. Kauff played center field for the Giants on April 29, 1915. Tener said that Kauff, a member of the Brooklyn Tip-Tops of the Federal League, was a jumper from organized baseball. In order to play for New York of the National League, he needed formal reinstatement.[15]

In 1917, Fultz, emboldened by his efforts in the Kraft cash presented a list of demands to the National Commission to improve the playing conditions in the minor leagues.[14] Tener rejected three of the demands as they were unrelated to Major League Baseball and only applied to minor league players.[16] Tener also noted that the fourth demand, that injured players be paid their full salaries, had already been met in the 1917 contract.[16] Fultz went on to threaten to affiliate with the American Federation of Labor and lead the players on a walkout if his demands were not met.[14]

Even though Tener himself had been a member of the Brotherhood of Professional Players in his playing days[2] and, as part of the National Commission, initially certified the Player's Fraternity in 1914, he was not amused by the threats. On the labor side, AFL leader Samuel Gompers did not welcome the idea[17] and many major leaguers were not interested in striking for the benefit of minor league players.[17] The National Commission, immediately withdrew recognition from the Players' Fraternity.[18] Afterwards, the Players' Fraternity membership declined and the organization ceased to exist.[17]

In November 1917, Tener accepted a one-year contract extension, but was troubled by the infighting between the National League's owners. In 1918, the league became embroiled in a dispute with the American League over the rights to pitcher Scott Perry.[2] Tener believed that Philadelphia Athletics owner Connie Mack had broken an agreement with both leagues by going to court in the matter.[2] Tener demanded that the National League break off relations, which could have included cancelling the World Series.[2] However, the owners did not support him and Tener resigned in August 1918.[2]

Later life

After leaving baseball, Tener returned to his business interests in Pittsburgh. In 1926, he tried to gain the Republican nomination to run again for Governor but was unsuccessful, finishing third at the convention.[6] In the 1930s, Tener was elected as a director of the Philadelphia Phillies.[6]

In 1935, Tener's wife Harriet died.[6] In 1936, he married Leone Evans[6] who died in 1937 after an illness.[2] He engaged in the insurance business until his death, aged 82, in Pittsburgh in 1946.[1]

He was interred in Homewood Cemetery in Pittsburgh.[2]

Buildings named in his honor include a residence hall in the East Halls area of the University Park campus of the Pennsylvania State University and the Charleroi Public Library.[19]

In 1999, the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission installed a historical marker in Charleroi, noting Tener's historic importance.[20]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Ex-Gov. J. K. Tener Of Pennsylvania. State Executive, 1911–1915, Once Major League Pitcher, Dies. Headed National League". New York Times. May 20, 1946. Retrieved September 9, 2014. John Kinley Tener, former Governor of Pennsylvania and onetime president of the National Baseball League, died in his home here at 7 A. M, today of a heart attack suffered on May 1. His age was 82.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Dan Ginsburg; Society for American Baseball Research Deadball Era Committee (2004). Thomas P. Simon (ed.). Deadball Stars of the National League. Brassey's. pp. 26–28. ISBN 1-57488-860-9.
  3. ^ Dan Ginsburg. "John Tener". Baseball Biography Project, Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  4. ^ "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, John K. Tener". Office of the Clerk, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  5. ^ "Congressional Baseball Game – History". Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "John Kinley Tener". Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Archived from the original on April 17, 2008. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  7. ^ a b "Governor Samuel Whitaker Pennypacker". Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Archived from the original on April 17, 2008. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  8. ^ a b c Russell Frank Weigley; Nicholas B. Wainwright; Edwin Wolf. Philadelphia: A 300 Year History. pp. 550–551.
  9. ^ "Papers of John M. Phillips". Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  10. ^ "Betting on Baseball; Gov. Tener Aims to Wipe Out the Evil in Pennsylvania". New York Times. March 31, 1912.
  11. ^ F. C. Lane (April 1916). "Has President Tener Made Good?" (PDF). Baseball Magazine, Hostend by LA84 Foundation. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  12. ^ a b c d John Snyder (2005). Cubs Journal. Emmis Books. pp. 180–181. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  13. ^ a b c "Evers Case to be Settled Saturday; National League Will Decide Status of Deposed Manager of Cubs at Cincinnati". New York Times. February 18, 1914. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  14. ^ a b c d e Daniel R. Levitt (2008). Ed Barrow: The Bulldog Who Built the Yankees' First Dynasty. U of Nebraska Press. pp. 113–116. ISBN 0-8032-2974-7.
  15. ^ Giants Sign Kauff, Federal Deserter. April 30, 1915. New York Times. 10.
  16. ^ a b "Players Requests Denied". New York Times. January 6, 1917. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  17. ^ a b c Paul D. Staudohar; J.A. Mangan (1991). The Business of Professional Sports. University of Illinois Press. p. 110. ISBN 0-252-06161-6.
  18. ^ "Big Leagues Sever Fraternity Bonds". New York Times. January 18, 1917. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  19. ^ "Charleroi Public Library". Archived from the original on June 21, 2004. Retrieved March 1, 2009.
  20. ^ "PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 10, 2013.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ernest Acheson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 24th congressional district

Succeeded by
Charles Matthews
Political offices
Preceded by
Edwin Sydney Stuart
Governor of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
Martin Brumbaugh
Party political offices
Preceded by
Edwin Sydney Stuart
Republican nominee for Governor of Pennsylvania
Succeeded by
Martin Brumbaugh
1910 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election

The Pennsylvania Gubernatorial election of 1910 was held on November 8, 1910. The main candidates were Republican John K. Tener, Democrat Webster Grim, Keystone Party leader William H. Berry, and Socialist John W. Slayton.

1914 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election

The Pennsylvania gubernatorial election of 1914 occurred on November 3, 1914. Incumbent Republican governor John K. Tener was not a candidate for re-election. Republican candidate Martin Grove Brumbaugh defeated Democratic candidate Vance C. McCormick to become Governor of Pennsylvania.

1914 United States gubernatorial elections

United States gubernatorial elections were held in 1914, in 31 states, concurrent with the House and Senate elections, on November 3, 1914 (except for Arkansas and Maine, where they were held on September 14, and Georgia, where they were held on October 7).

In Arizona, the governor was elected to a two-year term for the first time, having been elected to an inaugural three-year term at the first election in 1911. In Vermont, the gubernatorial election was held on the same day as federal elections for the first time, having previously been held in September. In Arkansas and Georgia, the gubernatorial election was held in September and October, respectively, for the last time, moving to the same day as federal elections from the 1916 elections.

61st United States Congress

The Sixty-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1909, to March 4, 1911, during the first two years of William H. Taft's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twelfth Census of the United States in 1900. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Charleroi-Monessen Bridge

The Charleroi-Monessen Bridge, officially the John K. Tener Memorial Bridge, is a two lane structure spanning the Monongahela River. The bridge connects North Charleroi in Washington County, Pennsylvania and Monessen in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania. The structure connects Route 88 on the west bank of the river and Route 906 on the east side. The bridge, which opened in 2013, replaced a 1906 structure. The original bridge was closed in 2009 due to structural deficiency.

Charles Clarence Pratt

Charles Clarence Pratt (April 23, 1854 – January 27, 1916) was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

Pratt was born in New Milford, Pennsylvania to Ezra and Addie Pratt. He attended the rural schools in his community, Sedgwick Institute in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, and graduated from the State Normal School at Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania.

He entered the lumber and oil businesses at New Milford in 1879. He served as assessor, school director, and justice of the peace. He served as colonel on the respective staffs of Governors William A. Stone, Samuel W. Pennypacker, and John K. Tener from 1899 to 1907. In 1903, he built what is now called the Pratt Memorial Library, expanding on the library established by his parents.

Pratt was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-first Congress. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1910. He resumed his former business pursuits, residing in Binghamton, New York, during the winters and in New Milford during the summers. He died in Binghamton in 1916, aged 61, and was interred in New Milford Cemetery.

Ernest F. Acheson

Ernest Francis Acheson (September 19, 1855 – May 16, 1917) was a newspaper editor and a representative to the United States House of Representatives. He was born in Washington, Pennsylvania in 1855. He attended the public schools there, and then went on to Washington and Jefferson College in 1875.He was admitted to the bar in 1877 and practiced law until 1879. He purchased the newspaper Washington Weekly Observer, of which he was editor. In 1889, he established a daily edition of the same paper.

He was elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives in 1894, and continued to serve until 1909, having been an unsuccessful candidate for the nomination in 1908. He returned to editorial work until his retirement in 1912. He died in Washington, Pennsylvania, in 1917.

John C. Bell (lawyer)

John Cromwell Bell (October 3, 1861 – December 29, 1935) was a distinguished Pennsylvania lawyer, serving as a District Attorney for Philadelphia and state Attorney General.

He was closely involved with football and his alma mater, the University of Pennsylvania. He served as director of Penn's athletic program, chairman of its football committee, and from 1911 onwards, was a trustee. He helped found the NCAA, and served on Intercollegiate Football Rules Committee, responsible for the many rules changes made in collegiate football in its early years.

List of National League presidents

The National League President was the chief executive of the National League of professional baseball until 1999, when the NL and the American League merged into Major League Baseball.

List of Pennsylvania gubernatorial elections

The election of the Governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania occurs when voters in the U.S. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania select the Governor and Lieutenant Governor for the ensuing four years beginning at noon on the third Tuesday of January following the election. Pennsylvania gubernatorial elections were held triennially beginning with the first election in 1790 until 1878. Gubernatorial elections have been held quadrennially since the election of 1882. Gubernatorial general elections are held on Election Day, coinciding with various other federal, statewide, and local races.

Per Article II of the 1790 Pennsylvania Constitution, gubernatorial elections were held triennially on the second Tuesday of October, with the three-year term commencing on the third Tuesday of December immediately following the election. Incumbents were permitted to serve for a maximum of nine years out of any period of twelve years. Ties were to be resolved, pursuant to the same document, by a joint vote of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The 1874 Pennsylvania Constitution mandated the date of gubernatorial elections to be likewise that of the general election on Election Day in November and extended the term to four years, beginning on the third Tuesday of January following the election. In the original text of the 1874 Constitution, an incumbent governor was prohibited from running for a second successive term, but this was amended in 1967 to permit an incumbent to do so. The next gubernatorial election in Pennsylvania is scheduled to be held on November 8, 2022.

The list below contains election returns from all sixty-six gubernatorial elections in Pennsylvania sorted by year, beginning with the first in 1790 and ending with the most recent in 2018. Incumbent governors are listed as well as elected governors and runner(s)-up in each election, including major third-party candidates (garnering 5% or more of the popular vote). Parties are color-coded to the left of a Governor's or candidate's name according to the key below. The popular vote and percentage margins listed in the "Margin" column are the differences between the total votes received and percentage of the popular vote received by the top two finishers in the corresponding election (i.e. the margin-of-victory of an elected governor over the nearest competitor).

List of Pennsylvania state historical markers in Washington County

This is a list of the Pennsylvania state historical markers in Washington County.

This is intended to be a complete list of the official state historical markers placed in Washington County, Pennsylvania by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission (PHMC). The locations of the historical markers, as well as the latitude and longitude coordinates as provided by the PHMC's database, are included below when available. There are 53 historical markers located in Washington County.

List of crossings of the Monongahela River

This is a complete list of current bridges and other crossings of the Monongahela River starting from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where the river helps to form the headwaters of the Ohio River, and ending in Fairmont, West Virginia, where the West Fork River and Tygart Valley River combine to form the Monongahela.

List of governors of Pennsylvania

The Governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is the head of the executive branch of Pennsylvania's state government and serves as the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to approve or veto bills passed by the Pennsylvania Legislature and to convene the legislature. The governor may grant pardons except in cases of impeachment, but only when recommended by the Board of Pardons.There have been seven presidents and 46 governors of Pennsylvania, with two governors serving non-consecutive terms, totaling 55 terms in both offices. The longest term was that of the first governor, Thomas Mifflin, who served three full terms as governor in addition to two years as president. The shortest term belonged to John Bell, who served only 19 days as acting governor after his predecessor, Edward Martin resigned. The current governor is Democrat Tom Wolf, whose term began on January 20, 2015.

Pennsylvania's 24th congressional district

Pennsylvania's 24th congressional district was one of Pennsylvania's districts of the United States House of Representatives.

Pymatuning Reservoir

Pymatuning Reservoir is a man-made lake in Crawford County, Pennsylvania and Ashtabula County, Ohio in the United States, on land that was once a very large swamp. Much of it is incorporated into two state parks: Pymatuning State Park in Pennsylvania, and Pymatuning State Park in Ohio.

Pymatuning State Park (Ohio)

Pymatuning State Park is a 3512 acres (14.21 km2) Ohio state park near Andover, Ashtabula County, Ohio in the United States. Pymatuning State Park contains 1,407 acres (5.69 km2) of Pymatuning Lake, one-quarter of which is in Ohio and three-quarters of which is in Pennsylvania. The lake provides fishing and boating year round.Formed in the 1930s by a dam on the Shenango River, the lake features multiple beaches and camping areas in both states. The northeastern part of Pymatuning Lake, east of the spillway and three miles (5 km) south of Linesville, is a protected gameland where colonies of 20,000 Canada geese and many more ducks winter each year. The lake is the result of an earth dam three miles (5 km) north of Jamestown, Pennsylvania, whose outflow forms the Shenango River. A three-mile (5 km) causeway extends between Pennsylvania and Ohio near the center of the lake.


Tener is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

John K. Tener (1863–1946), American baseball player, baseball executive and politician

Caroline Tener Brown (born 1960), American ballet dancer

Thomas Lynch (baseball executive)

Thomas J. Lynch (1859 – February 27, 1924) was an umpire in Major League Baseball for 13 seasons, all of which were in the National League (NL), between the years of 1888 and 1902. Known as an honest, but sometimes brash umpire, he later became NL president in 1910 as a compromise among the major league owners. Although his time as league president was considered uneventful, he was replaced following the 1913 season.

United States Post Office (Charleroi, Pennsylvania)

United States Post Office—Charleroi is a historic building in Charleroi, Pennsylvania

It is designated as a historic public landmark by the Washington County History & Landmarks Foundation.It now houses the John K. Tener Library [1].

(since 1790)


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