John Harvey-Jones

Sir John Harvey-Jones MBE (16 April 1924 – 9 January 2008) was an English businessman. He was the chairman of Imperial Chemical Industries from 1982 to 1987. He was best known by the public for his BBC television show, Troubleshooter, in which he advised struggling businesses.

Sir John Harvey-Jones
Sir john harvey jones
Born16 April 1924
Hackney, London, England, UK
Died9 January 2008 (aged 83)
Hereford, Herefordshire, England, UK
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service1937–1956
Battles/warsWorld War II
Cold War
AwardsMBE
Other workCompany director, television presenter, author and university chancellor

Early life

John Henry Harvey-Jones[1] was born in Hackney, London, but spent most of his early childhood in Dhar, India, where his father, Mervyn Stockton Harvey-Jones (né Harvey), a former Captain in the Indian Army and bank employee,[1] was guardian and tutor[2][3] to a teenage maharajah. He was shipped back to Britain at age six to attend a prep school at Deal, Kent. He entered Dartmouth Royal Naval College at age 13.

Royal Navy career

Harvey-Jones joined Dartmouth Royal Naval College as a cadet in 1937, and in 1940, at the age of 16, he joined HMS Diomede as a midshipman. The next two ships that he served with, HMS Ithuriel and HMS Quentin, were sunk by enemy action. Harvey-Jones went on to join the submarine service in 1942, and received his first command at age 24.

With the end of World War II, Harvey-Jones went to the University of Cambridge to learn Russian in six months and joined Naval Intelligence as an interpreter. He married Mary Bignell in 1947,[4] and he commanded the Russian intelligence section under the guise of the "British Baltic Fishery Protection Service", which used two ex-German E-boats for gathering clandestine intelligence on the Soviet Baltic Fleet. Rising to the rank of lieutenant-commander, Harvey-Jones was awarded a military MBE in 1952 for his work in Naval Intelligence, although his citation stated that the award was for "fishery protection duties in the Baltic".[5]

Commercial career

Imperial Chemical Industries

Refused permission by the Royal Navy to spend more time with his wife and daughter Gaby, who had contracted polio, he resigned his commission in 1956 and joined Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) on Teesside as a junior training manager. In 1973, at age 49, he was promoted to sit on the main board of directors. In April 1982, he became chairman of ICI, only the second split-career man and non-chemist to reach the top.

Mentored in part by John Adair,[6] Harvey-Jones saw his responsibilities to both stockholders and employees as "making a profit out of the markets where the market is". He maintained a firm belief in "speed rather than direction", on the assumption that "once travelling a company can veer and tack towards the ultimate objective." Thus, at the business level he cut non-profit making and what he saw as non-core businesses, so that at board level he could concentrate on putting more power in fewer hands "to reduce the number of those who can say 'no' and increase the motivation of those who can say 'yes'", maintaining that "there are no bad troops, only bad leaders". After only 30 months in the job, having cut the UK workforce by one third, he had doubled the price of ICI shares and turned a loss into a one billion pound profit.

Media career

According to one newspaper, it was the BBC's Troubleshooter series, first broadcast in 1990, that made Harvey-Jones the most famous industrialist since Isambard Kingdom Brunel.[7][8] It ran to five series and several specials in the 1990s and also won him a BAFTA award. His advice was at times controversial – in particular he was critical of the Morgan Motor Company, which some argue was vindicated, as it is still trading successfully today.

Other positions

In 1989, he became chairman of The Economist,[9] was a non-executive director of Grand Metropolitan plc (now part of Diageo), and honorary vice-president of the Institute of Marketing.

Harvey-Jones was also chairman of the Burns-Anderson Group plc, a conglomerate spanning merchant banking, financial services, recruitment, marketing and business services, and stockbroking.

Between 1986 and 1991, Harvey-Jones served as the second Chancellor of the University of Bradford. A commemorative painting exists in the University of Bradford collection,[10] and Harvey-Jones also agreed to sit for sculptor Jon Edgar for a terracotta portrait at Clyro in July 2004.[11]

He was chairman of the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust and member of the Advisory Council of the Prince's Trust. In 2001, he became the president of the MS Trust.[12]

Personal life

Described by The Guardian as one of the best-known British advocates of Transcendental Meditation, Harvey-Jones said, "I don't make a drama out of a crisis. If I gave it up now, my wife would leave me."[13] Having lived most of his post-retirement period in Ross-on-Wye, he died in his sleep after a long illness, aged 83, at the Hereford County Hospital.

Awards

  • In 1952 he was awarded a military MBE for his work in Naval Intelligence.
  • In 1985 he was voted Britain's most impressive industrialist by company directors interviewed for MORI's annual "Captains of Industry" survey.
  • He was knighted for services to industry in 1985.
  • In 1986, 1987 and 1988, he received the title of "Industrialist of the Year".
  • In 1992 was awarded the title "Motivator of the Year".
  • In 1992 he won a BAFTA for his Troubleshooter series.

Bibliography

  • All Together Now (1994), Heinemann (ISBN 0-7493-1960-7)
  • Getting It Together: Memoirs of a trouble shooter (1991), Heinemann (ISBN 0-434-31377-7)
  • Making It Happen: Reflections on leadership (1988), HarperCollins (ISBN 1-86197-691-7)
  • Managing To Survive (1993), Heinemann (ISBN 0-7493-1502-4)
  • Troubleshooter (1991), BBC Books.
  • Troubleshooter 2 (1992), BBC Books.
  • Troubleshooter Returns (1995), BBC Books.

References

  1. ^ a b Geoffrey Owen, 'Jones, Sir John Henry Harvey- (1924–2008)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Jan 2012 accessed 11 Feb 2012
  2. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/business/2008/jan/11/ici.bbc
  3. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/sir-john-harvey-jones-ebullient-business-leader-who-chaired-ici-and-found-fame-as-the-bbcs-769920.html
  4. ^ "From bullying to the top of industry". icWales. 12 January 2008. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 15 January 2008.
  5. ^ Elliott and Shukman, Geoffrey and Harold (2002). Secret Classrooms: An Untold Story of the Cold War. Samovar. p. 23. ISBN 1-903608-13-9.
  6. ^ University of Exeter (website accessed 22 March 2007) Archived 16 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Obituary: Sir John Harvey-Jones". BBC News. 11 January 2008. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  8. ^ Roz Laws (10 April 2014). "Former city lawyer Digby Jones debuts as BBC's Troubleshooter". Birmingham Post. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Obituary: John Harvey-Jones". The Economist. 19 January 2008. p. 94.
  10. ^ University of Bradford portraits at Cornucopia
  11. ^ Picture of bust at Jon Edgar web site
  12. ^ "Sir John Harvey-Jones 1924–2008". MS Trust. February 2008. Retrieved 15 January 2009.
  13. ^ Honigsbaum, Mark. "All you need is love and peace". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 February 2014.

External links

Academic offices
Preceded by
Baron Wilson of Rievaulx
Chancellor of the University of Bradford
1986–1991
Succeeded by
Trevor Holdsworth
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Imperial Chemical Industries

Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) was a British chemical company and was, for much of its history, the largest manufacturer in Britain.

It was formed by the merger of leading British chemical companies in 1926.

Its headquarters were at Millbank in London, and it was a constituent of the FT 30 and later the FTSE 100 indices.

ICI made paints and speciality products, including food ingredients, speciality polymers, electronic materials, fragrances and flavourings.

In 2008, it was acquired by AkzoNobel,

which immediately sold parts of ICI to Henkel, and integrated ICI's remaining operations within its existing organisation.

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Sir Maurice Arthur Eric Hodgson (21 October 1919 - 1 October 2014) was chairman of ICI from 1978–1982, and of British Home Stores from 1982-1987 and chief executive from 1982-1985.

Hodgson was appointed knight bachelor in 1979. He also received an Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University in 1979.As chairman, Hodgson felt that ICI needed to increase business in Europe, improve productivity and shift from bulk chemicals to higher value-added products. A fierce efficiency drive led to the loss of 30,000 jobs. His successor John Harvey-Jones carried out many of the changes that Hodgson had initiated.

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Troubleshooter (TV series)

Troubleshooter was a British reality television series, produced and shown by the BBC, focusing on experienced business leaders visiting and advising small and often struggling UK businesses.

It first aired in 1990 with Sir John Harvey-Jones, formerly of ICI. After the series won a BAFTA, Harvey-Jones decided that he didn't want to become a television personality, after one newspaper called him the "most famous industrialist since Isambard Kingdom Brunel."The greatest achievement of the Troubleshooter programmes was to make business management a popular discussion subject in the homes of millions of British people, and to provide a role model for people wanting to enter business.A follow up series titled Troubleshooter - Back in Business aired in the year 2000 and saw Sir John return to companies featured in the original series from a decade before. In that time there had been a number of changes, Tri-ang toys had been unable to turn its fortunes around and its UK factory had been demolished. Morgan Motor Company, where previously Sir John had encountered great resistance, had in fact made many of the changes he suggested.

The series was revived a decade later in 2004 under the stewardship of Gerry Robinson, under the title I'll Show Them Who's Boss!'

Wilton, Redcar and Cleveland

Wilton is a small village in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. As the population was less than 100 at the 2011 Census details are kept in the ward of Dormanstown.

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