John G. Warwick

John George Warwick (December 23, 1830 – August 14, 1892) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

John George Warwick
John G. Warwick 1892
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 16th district
In office
March 4, 1891 – August 14, 1892
Preceded byJames W. Owens
Succeeded byLewis P. Ohliger
17th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
In office
January 14, 1884 – January 11, 1886
GovernorCharles Foster
Preceded byRees G. Richards
Succeeded byRobert P. Kennedy
Personal details
BornDecember 23, 1830
County Tyrone, Ireland
DiedAugust 14, 1892 (aged 61)
New York City
Resting placeMassillon Cemetery, Massillon, Ohio
Political partyDemocratic


Born in County Tyrone, Province of Ulster, Ireland, Warwick attended the common schools of his native land. Warwick immigrated with his brother to the United States about 1850 and resided in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for a short time. He moved to Navarre, Ohio, and became a bookkeeper in a dry-goods establishment, and later moved to Massillon, Ohio, and clerked in a dry-goods store, subsequently becoming interested in flour milling, coal mining, and agricultural pursuits. He also was a promoter of railroad construction.


Warwick was elected as the 17th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio and served from 1884 to 1886. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1886. Warwick was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-second Congress and served from March 4, 1891, until his death in Washington, D.C., August 14, 1892. He defeated William McKinley by 302 votes in an intensely fought race that gained national attention. McKinley was in favor of an import tariff on tinware. Warwick sent fake peddlers out into the rural 16th district who charged 50 cents for 25 cent tinware goods. When asked why the prices were so high, the peddlers replied: "This is the result of McKinley's tariff!".


He died from food-poisoning at a meeting in New York City of the board of directors of a railroad on whose board he served.

He was interred in Protestant Cemetery, Massillon, Ohio.[1]

See also


  1. ^ "Warwick, John George". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 27 October 2017.

External links

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

Political offices
Preceded by
Rees G. Richards
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
Succeeded by
Robert P. Kennedy
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
James W. Owens
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 16th congressional district

Succeeded by
Lewis P. Ohliger
1890 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1890 for members of the 52nd Congress, taking place in the middle of President Benjamin Harrison's term.

A stagnant economy which became worse after the Panic of 1890, combined with a lack of support for then Representative William McKinley's (defeated in the election) steep tariff act, which favored large industries at the expense of consumers, led to a sharp defeat for Harrison's Republican Party, giving a large majority to the Democratic Party and presaging Harrison's defeat in 1892. The Republican-controlled Congress was highly criticized for its lavish spending, and it earned the unflattering nickname of The Billion Dollar Congress. Democrats promised to cut the outlandish budget.

Furthermore, aggressive Republican promotion of controversial English-only education laws enacted by Wisconsin and Illinois in 1889, accompanied by a surge in nativist and anti-Catholic sentiment within the state parties, had greatly hollowed out the party's support base in these former strongholds. A rare multi-confessional alliance of mainly German clergy rallied their flocks in defense of language and faith to the Democratic Party, which tore through incumbent Republican majorities in both states, capturing a total of 11 formerly Republican seats between them alone. Bitterly divisive struggles over temperance laws had also been alienating immigrants from the increasingly prohibitionist Republican Party across the Midwest more broadly. Dramatic losses in the previous year's gubernatorial elections in Iowa and Ohio (which would lose another 14 Republican congressional seats between them during this election) were due in no small part to wet immigrant communities, especially Germans, expressing their resentment toward Republican efforts to ban or otherwise curtail alcohol consumption by throwing their support behind the Democratic candidates.This election also saw the Populist Party, a coalition of farmers and laborers who wanted to overhaul the nation's financial system, make a small mark on Congress.

52nd United States Congress

The Fifty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1891, to March 4, 1893, during the third and fourth years of Benjamin Harrison's presidency.

The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Tenth Census of the United States in 1880. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

James W. Owens (congressman)

James W. Owens (October 24, 1837 – March 30, 1900) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Born in Franklin County, Indiana, Owens pursued academic studies.

He was graduated from Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, in 1862.

During the Civil War enlisted in the Union Army as a private in the 20th Ohio Infantry, for three months' service.

Reenlisted and was made first lieutenant of Company A, 86th Ohio Infantry, and on the reorganization of that regiment was made captain of Company K.

He attended the law department of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1864 and 1865.

He was admitted to the bar in 1865 and commenced practice in Newark, Ohio.

He married Martha Kumler of Oxford, Ohio in 1867.

Owens was elected prosecuting attorney of Licking County in 1867 and reelected in 1869.

He owned the Evans–Holton–Owens House in Newark from 1868 to 1870.

Owens was elected to the State senate in 1875.

He was reelected in 1877, and served as president of that body.

He served as member of the board of trustees of Miami University 1878-1896.

Owens was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-first and Fifty-second Congresses (March 4, 1889 – March 3, 1893).

He served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Interior (Fifty-second Congress).

He was not a candidate for renomination in 1892.

He resumed the practice of his profession.

He died in Newark, Ohio, on March 30, 1900.

He was interred in Cedar Hill Cemetery.

John Warwick (disambiguation)

John Warwick was an actor.

John Warwick may also refer to:

John Warwick Montgomery, American academic

John G. Warwick, American politician

John Warwick (Nova Scotia politician)

John Warwick (MP for Cambridge), MP for Cambridge (UK Parliament constituency)

John Warwick (MP for Northamptonshire), 1401-1406 MP for Northamptonshire (UK Parliament constituency)

John Warwick (MP for Totnes), in 1406 MP for Totnes

Lewis P. Ohliger

Lewis Philip Ohliger (January 3, 1843 – January 9, 1923) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Born in Rheinpfalz, Bavaria, Germany, Ohliger Immigrated to the United States in October 1854 with his parents.

He settled in Canton, Ohio, in 1857.

He attended the public schools.

He moved to Wooster, Ohio, and engaged in the wholesale drug and grocery business.

County treasurer 1875-1879.

Postmaster of Wooster from February 1885 until February 1890.

Trustee of the Wooster & Lodi Railway.

He served as delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1892.

Ohliger was elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-second Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John G. Warwick and served from December 5, 1892, to March 3, 1893.

He was an unsuccessful for renomination in 1892.

Internal-revenue collector of the Cleveland district by appointment of President Grover Cleveland 1893-1898.

He resumed his former business pursuits.

He died in San Diego, California, January 9, 1923, and was interred in Wooster Cemetery, Wooster, Ohio.

List of Governors of Ohio

The Governor of the State of Ohio is the head of the executive branch of the Government of Ohio and the commander-in-chief of the U.S. state's military forces. The officeholder has a duty to enforce state laws, the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Ohio General Assembly, the power to convene the legislature and the power to grant pardons, except in cases of treason and impeachment.There have been 63 governors of Ohio, serving 69 distinct terms. The longest term was held by Jim Rhodes, who was elected four times and served just under sixteen years in two non-consecutive periods of two terms each (1963–1971 and 1975–1983). The shortest terms were held by John William Brown and Nancy Hollister, who each served for only 11 days after the governors preceding them resigned in order to begin the terms to which they had been elected in the United States Senate; the shortest-serving elected governor was John M. Pattison, who died in office five months into his term. The current governor is Republican Mike DeWine, who took office on January 14, 2019.

List of Presidents of the United States by other offices held

This is a list of Presidents of the United States by other offices (either elected or appointive) held. Every President of the United States except Donald Trump has served as either:

Vice President of the United States

a Member of Congress (either U.S. Senator or Representative)

a Governor of a state

a Cabinet Secretary

a General of the United States Army

List of United States Congress members who died in office (1790–1899)

The following is a list of U.S. Senators and Representatives who died of natural or accidental causes, or who took their own lives, while serving their terms between 1790 and 1899. For a list of members of Congress who were killed while in office, see List of United States Congress members killed or wounded in office.

Party colors:









List of United States Representatives from Ohio

The following is an alphabetical list of members of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Ohio. For chronological tables of members of both houses of the United States Congress from the state (through the present day), see United States Congressional Delegations from Ohio. The list of names should be complete (as of January 2019), but other data may be incomplete.

List of former members of the United States House of Representatives (W)

This is the complete list of former members of the United States House of Representatives whose last names begin with the letter W.

List of members of the United States House of Representatives in the 52nd Congress by seniority

This is a complete list of members of the United States House of Representatives during the 52nd United States Congress listed by seniority.

As an historical article, the districts and party affiliations listed reflect those during the 52nd Congress (March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1893). Current seats and party affiliations on the List of current members of the United States House of Representatives by seniority will be different for certain members.Seniority depends on the date on which members were sworn into office. Since many members are sworn in on the same day, subsequent ranking is based on previous congressional service of the individual and then by alphabetical order by the last name of the congressman.

Committee chairmanship in the House is often associated with seniority. However, party leadership is typically not associated with seniority.

Note: The "*" indicates that the representative/delegate may have served one or more non-consecutive terms while in the House of Representatives of the United States Congress.

List of special elections to the United States House of Representatives

Below is a list of special elections to the United States House of Representatives. Such elections are called by state governors to fill vacancies that occur when a member of the House of Representatives dies or resigns before the biennial general election. Winners of these elections serve the remainder of the term and are usually candidates in the next general election for their districts.

In the United States, these contests have been called "special elections" because they do not occur on Election Day like regular congressional elections. Despite their name, however, special elections to the U.S. House happen quite often. Furthermore, one published study shows that special elections are explained by the same factors as regular congressional elections. Special elections to the U.S. House of Representatives have occurred at least once in all states except Iowa and Idaho. A few special elections for territorial delegates to Congress have also been held.

A 2016 study of special elections to the United States House of Representatives found "that while candidate characteristics affect special election outcomes, presidential approval is predictive of special election outcomes as well. Furthermore, we find that the effect of presidential approval on special election outcomes has increased in magnitude from 1995 to 2014, with the 2002 midterm representing an important juncture in the nationalization of special elections."

Ohio's 16th congressional district

The 16th congressional district of Ohio is represented by Representative Anthony Gonzalez (R). It also includes some rural communities east of Akron, as well as some of the western suburbs of Cleveland.

From 2003 to 2013 the district was based in Stark County and the Canton area and also included Wayne County and most of Medina and Ashland counties.

On November 2, 2010, John Boccieri lost his bid for a second term to Republican Jim Renacci, who was seated in January 2011. In January 2018, Renacci announced his candidacy for the U.S. Senate. Anthony Gonzalez was elected on November 6th to succeed him.

Rees G. Richards

Rees Griffith Richards (July 22, 1842 – February 10, 1917) was an American Republican politician who served as the 16th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio from 1882 to 1884.

Robert P. Kennedy

Robert Patterson Kennedy (January 23, 1840 – May 6, 1918) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio, as well as an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

United States congressional delegations from Ohio

These are tables of congressional delegations from Ohio to the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate.

William McKinley

William McKinley (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th president of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897, until his assassination six months into his second term. McKinley led the nation to victory in the Spanish–American War, raised protective tariffs to promote American industry and kept the nation on the gold standard in a rejection of free silver (effectively, expansionary monetary policy).

McKinley was the last president to have served in the American Civil War and the only one to have started the war as an enlisted soldier, beginning as a private in the Union Army and ending as a brevet major. After the war, he settled in Canton, Ohio, where he practiced law and married Ida Saxton. In 1876, he was elected to Congress, where he became the Republican Party's expert on the protective tariff, which he promised would bring prosperity. His 1890 McKinley Tariff was highly controversial, which together with a Democratic redistricting aimed at gerrymandering him out of office led to his defeat in the Democratic landslide of 1890. He was elected governor of Ohio in 1891 and 1893, steering a moderate course between capital and labor interests. With the aid of his close adviser Mark Hanna, he secured the Republican nomination for president in 1896 amid a deep economic depression. He defeated his Democratic rival William Jennings Bryan after a front porch campaign in which he advocated "sound money" (the gold standard unless altered by international agreement) and promised that high tariffs would restore prosperity.

Rapid economic growth marked McKinley's presidency. He promoted the 1897 Dingley Tariff to protect manufacturers and factory workers from foreign competition and in 1900 secured the passage of the Gold Standard Act. McKinley hoped to persuade Spain to grant independence to rebellious Cuba without conflict, but when negotiation failed he led the nation into the Spanish–American War of 1898—the United States victory was quick and decisive. As part of the peace settlement, Spain turned over to the United States its main overseas colonies of Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines while Cuba was promised independence, but at that time remained under the control of the United States Army. The United States annexed the independent Republic of Hawaii in 1898 and it became a United States territory.

Historians regard McKinley's 1896 victory as a realigning election in which the political stalemate of the post-Civil War era gave way to the Republican-dominated Fourth Party System, which began with the Progressive Era. McKinley defeated Bryan again in the 1900 presidential election in a campaign focused on imperialism, protectionism and free silver. His legacy was suddenly cut short when he was shot on September 6, 1901 by Leon Czolgosz, a second-generation Polish-American with anarchist leanings. McKinley died eight days later and was succeeded by his Vice President Theodore Roosevelt. As an innovator of American interventionism and pro-business sentiment, McKinley's presidency is generally considered above average, though his highly positive public perception was soon overshadowed by Roosevelt.

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