Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst

Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst (1 November 1743 – 5 November 1807) was a German naturalist and entomologist from Petershagen, Minden-Ravensberg. He served as a chaplain in the Prussian army. His marriage in Berlin, 1770, with Euphrosyne Luise Sophie (1742–1805), daughter of the Prussian Hofrat Libert Waldschmidt seems to have been childless.[1]

He was the joint editor, with Carl Gustav Jablonsky, of Naturgeschichte der in- und ausländischen Insekten (1785–1806, 10 volumes), which was one of the first attempts at a complete survey of the order Coleoptera. Herbst's Naturgeschichte der Krabben und Krebse, released in installments, was the first full survey of crustaceans.

Herbst's other works included Anleitung zur Kenntnis der Insekten (1784–86, 3 volumes), Naturgeschichte der Krabben und Krebse (1782–1804, 3 volumes), Einleitung zur Kenntnis der Würmer (1787–88, 2 volumes) and Natursystem der ungeflügelten Insekten (Classification of the unwinged insects) (1797–1800, 4 parts).

Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst
Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst


  1. ^ Deutsche Biografie.

External links

Herbst plate1
Scorpion Plate1 Natursystem der Ungeflügelten Insekten
Archon apollinus

Archon apollinus, the false Apollo, is a species of butterfly belonging to the Parnassinae subfamily.

The species is found in Central and Eastern Europe and West Asia. They are found in Greece, Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Israel and Lebanon, and like others of the family show considerable variation with four or five subspecies. A morphologically similar species Archon apollinaris has been recently separated and has been found to be sympatric and reproductively isolated.

Older individuals often lose their scales, especially on the forewings, and appear very transparent.

The larvae feed on species of Aristolochia including A. poecilantha, A. parviflora, A. bodamae, A. hirta, A. bottae, A. auricularia, A. rotunda, A. sempervirens, A. maurorum and A. billardieri.

Black ringlet

The black ringlet (Erebia melas) is a member of the Satyrinae subfamily of the family Nymphalidae. It is a high-altitude butterfly found in Albania, former Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Greece, and Romania.

Adults are on wing from July to September.

The larvae feed on Festuca ovina and possibly other grasses. It overwinters in the larval stage.

Cape lobster

The Cape lobster, Homarinus capensis, is a species of small lobster that lives off the coast of South Africa, from Dassen Island to Haga Haga. Only a few dozen specimens are known, mostly regurgitated by reef-dwelling fish. It lives in rocky reefs, and is thought to lay large eggs that have a short larval phase, or that hatch directly as a juvenile. The species grows to a total length of 10 cm (3.9 in), and resembles a small European or American lobster; it was previously included in the same genus, Homarus, although it is not very closely related to those species, and is now considered to form a separate, monotypic genus – Homarinus. Its closest relatives are the genera Thymops and Thymopides.

Carl Gustav Jablonsky

Carl Gustav Jablonsky (1756 – 25 May 1787) was a Berlin naturalist, entomologist and illustrator. He was also the private secretary to the Queen of Prussia, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern. He died at the age of 31. He willed his works to his colleague, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst , who became a naturalist and entomologist.

Jablonsky's Natursystem is one of the first attempts at a complete survey of the order Coleoptera.

Coccinella novemnotata

Coccinella novemnotata, the nine-spotted ladybug or nine-spotted lady beetle, is a species of ladybug native to North America.

The nine-spotted ladybug has been the state insect of New York since 1989, though its numbers have declined as the numbers of introduced species such as the seven-spotted ladybug and Asian lady beetle have increased. It was for some time thought extinct in New York, so in 2006, the state considered designating the pink spotted ladybug as state insect instead, but the bill did not pass the Senate. In 2006 the nine-spotted ladybug was rediscovered in Virginia (the first East Coast sighting in 14 years). In 2011, about 20 of these ladybugs were found on a farm in Amagansett, New York, the first such sighting in the state since 1982.

Donacia cinerea

Donacia cinerea is a species of leaf beetles from a subfamily of Donaciella. It can be found in Czech Republic and Slovakia.

Enantia lina

Enantia lina, the white mimic white or lina mimic white, is a butterfly in the family Pieridae. It is found from Mexico to most of South America.

Georg Heinrich Borowski

Georg Heinrich Borowski (26 July 1746 – 26 July 1801) was a German zoologist born in Koenigsberg, East Prussia to Andreas Ernst Borowski and wife, Maria Regina Negelken. His elder brother was the Archbishop of Koenigsberg, Ludwig Ernst von Borowski. He died in Frankfurt a. d. Oder, where he had taught at the University there.

Borowski was professor in the department of natural history and domestic economics at the University of Viadrina. In 1781 he described scientifically the Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) under the name Balaena novaeangliae[1] in Gemeinnüzzige Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs. "Gottlieb August Lange, Berlin." 1, pages 1–21 (1781)


1. ↑ Phillip J. Clapham, James G. Mead. Megaptera novaeangliae. "Mammalian Species." 604, pages 1–9 (1999) (in English).

Geryon trispinosus

Geryon trispinosus is a species of crab that lives in deep water in the north-eastern Atlantic Ocean.

List of German scientists

This is a list of notable German scientists.

Maja squinado

Maja squinado (the European spider crab, spiny spider crab or spinous spider crab) is a species of migratory crab found in the north-east Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea.

Nephus quadrimaculatus

Nephus quadrimaculatus is a species of ladybird belonging to the family Coccinellidae. It was first described by Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst in 1783.

Nicrophorus orientalis

Nicrophorus orientalis may refer to:

Nicrophorus americanus, misidentified in 1784 by Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst

Nicrophorus dauricus, misidentified in 1860 by Motschulsky

Nicrophorus vespilloides

Nicrophorus vespilloides is a burying beetle described by Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst in 1783.

This is one of the most well studied of the burying beetles with over 1,000 citations found via Google Scholar. What had been considered Nicrophorus vespilloides in mid and eastern Canada and northeastern USA was determined by Sikes et al. in 2016 to be a separate, overlooked sister species of Nicrophorus vespilloides that had been named by Kirby in 1837.

This sister species, Nicrophorus hebes Kirby, is restricted to Sphagnum bogs and marshes,. Nicrophorus vespilloides occurs throughout the northern Palearctic, Alaska and northwestern Canada where it is found in open forest habitats. The restriction of its sister species N. hebes to bogs in the North America has been attributed to competition with its closely related congener, N. defodiens which in this area is found in forest habitats. N. hebes reproduces exclusively in bogs in North America and is never found in adjacent (<100 m or 330 ft) forested habitat in the Mer Bleue bog area near Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

There are also a number of phoretic (hitch-hiking) mites that are associated with N. vespilloides. These include Pelzneria nr. crenulata, Macrocheles merderius, and Uroobovella nr. novasimilis and the largest mite Poecilochirus carabi. P. carabi is not attached by any physical means (such as a secreted anal stalk in the case of M. merderius) to N. vespilloides. When the males or females of N. vespilloides have finished breeding on a carcass the deutonymphs of P. carabi roam freely about the body of the beetles as they search for new carcasses to reproduce. It had been proposed that P. carabi deutonymphs, on arrival at a new carcass dismounted from the beetles and consumed fly eggs and larvae which would have competed for the beetle larvae for food. This relationship which benefited the beetles has been described as mutualistic. However, it has been shown that adults of P. carabi consume the eggs of N. vespilloides and that this has direct and negative effects on the reproduction of this beetle species.N. vespilloides is also used as a model organism in the study of social immunity.


Petershagen is a town in the Minden-Lübbecke district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It lies on the Westphalian Mill Route.

Platycorynus peregrinus

Platycorynus peregrinus is a species of beetles belonging to the Chrysomelidae family.

Scada karschina

Scada karschina is a species of clearwing (ithomiine) butterflies in the family Nymphalidae, native to Brazil.

Vanessa indica

Vanessa indica, called the Indian red admiral globally, except in the United States where it is called the Asian admiral, is a butterfly found in the higher altitude regions of India, primarily the Himalayas and the Nilgiri Hills. It is also found in Sri Lanka and Myanmar, China, Korea, SE Russia, Japan. It is a close relative of the painted lady.


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