Johann Ernst, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg

Johann Ernst of Hanau-Münzenberg-Schwarzenfels (13 June 1613 in Schwarzenfels – 12 January 1642 in Hanau), was the last Count of the Hanau-Münzenberg line. He succeeded his grand-nephew Philipp Ludwig III in 1641. When Johann Ernst died in 1642, Hanau-Münzenberg fell to the Hanau-Lichtenberg line.

Johann Ernst, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg
Born13 June 1613
Schwarzenfels
Died12 January 1642 (aged 28)
Hanau
Noble familyHouse of Hanau
FatherAlbrecht of Hanau-Münzenberg
MotherEhrengard of Isenburg-Büdingen

Youth

Johann Ernst was the son of Count Albrecht of Hanau-Münzenberg-Schwarzenfels and his wife, Countess Ehrengard of Isenburg-Büdingen.

Johann Ernst was educated at the school of the former convent in Schlüchtern, which is now called the Ulrich-von-Hutten-Gymnasium, and the University of Basel. After completing his studies, he undertook a Grand Tour to France. He returned home in 1633. The Thirty Years' War forced him and his family to Worms and later to Strasbourg, where they faced great financial difficulties. After his father died there, he followed his mother to Frankfurt.

Unlike his father, he did not challenge his nephew's right to rule Hanau-Münzenberg alone and did not demand a role as co-regent. He got on well with the ruling count, his nephew Philipp Moritz and his wife Sibylle Christine of Anhalt-Dessau.

Reign

Philipp Ludwig III died on 21 November 1641 at the age of 9. With his death, the main Hanau-Münzenberg line died out in the male line, and the county fell to Johann Ernst, as the only male representative of the collateral line Hanau-Münzenberg-Schwarzenfels.

Shortly after ascending the throne, he became engaged to Susanna Margarete of Anhalt-Dessau, a sister of Sibylle Christine. However, he died before they could marry. Susanna Margarethe later married Johann Philipp of Hanau-Lichtenberg. Her sister, Sibylla Christina, married Johann Philipp's elder brother, who was Johann Ernst's successor, Friedrich Casimir. Both marriages remained childless.

Death

Johann Ernst died of smallpox on 12 January 1642, after reigning for only seven weeks. The attending physicians, including Peter de Spina III, had only recognized the disease very late and had treated him with laxatives and bloodletting when he was dying.

He was buried on 26 February 1642 in the family vault in the St. Mary's Church in Hanau, which had to be extended first, as it was full. The metal coffin in which he was buried, was stolen in 1812, during the Napoleonic Wars. His body and corpses from other stolen coffins, were reburied in a common coffin.

Johann Ernst was succeeded by Friedrich Casimir, who was also Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg, thereby reuniting Hanau in a single hand, after a 184-year split. As Friedrich Casimir was still a minor, he stood under the regency of Baron Georg II of Fleckenstein-Dagstuhl.

Ancestors

Ancestors of Johann Ernst, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg
8. Philipp III, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg (1526–1561)
4. Philipp Ludwig I, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg (1553–1580)
9. Countess Palatine Helena of Simmern
2. Albrecht of Hanau-Münzenberg (1579–1635)
10. Philipp IV, Count of Waldeck (1493–1574)
5. Countess Magdalena of Waldeck (1558–1599)
11. Jutta of Isenburg (d. 1564)
1. Johann Ernst, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg
12. Philipp of Isenburg-Ronneburg (1467–1526)
6. Philipp II of Ysenburg-Büdingen (1526–1596)
13. Amalia of Rieneck (1478–1543)
3. Ehrengard of Isenburg-Büdingen (1577–1637)
14. Philipp of Solms-Braunfels (1494–1581)
7. Ehrengard of Solms-Braunfels (1536–1577)
15. Anna of Tecklenburg (d. 1554)

References

  • Rudolf Bernges: Johann Ernst, der letzte Graf von Hanau-Münzenberg, in: Hanauer Anzeiger of 5 May 1928
  • Fr. W. Cuno: Philipp Ludwig II., Graf zu Hanau und Rieneck, Herr zu Münzenberg. Ein Regentenbild nach archivalischen und anderen Quellen gezeichnet für unsere Zeit, Prague, 1896
  • Reinhard Dietrich: Die Landesverfassung in dem Hanauischen = Hanauer Geschichtsblätter, vol. 34, Hanau, 1996, ISBN 3-9801933-6-5
  • Funeral sermon in Katalog der Leichenpredigten und sonstiger Trauerschriften im Hessischen Staatsarchiv Marburg = Marburger Personalschriften-Forschungen vol. 14, Sigmaringen, 1992
  • Reinhard Suchier: Genealogie des Hanauer Grafenhauses, in: Festschrift des Hanauer Geschichtsvereins zu seiner fünfzigjährigen Jubelfeier am 27. August 1894, Hanau, 1894
  • Ernst J. Zimmermann, Hanau Stadt und Land, 3rd ed., Hanau, 1919, reprinted: 1978
Johann Ernst, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg
House of Hanau
Born: 13 June 1613 Died: 12 January 1642
Preceded by
Philipp Ludwig III
Count of Hanau-Münzenberg
1641–1642
Succeeded by
Friedrich Casimir
1613

1613 (MDCXIII)

was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1613th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 613th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 17th century, and the 4th year of the 1610s decade. As of the start of 1613, the Gregorian calendar was

10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1642

1642 (MDCXLII)

was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1642nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 642nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 42nd year of the 17th century, and the 3rd year of the 1640s decade. As of the start of 1642, the Gregorian calendar was

10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Friedrich Casimir, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg

Friedrich Casimir of Hanau (born 4 August 1623 in Bouxwiller; died: 30 March 1685 in Hanau) was a member of the Hanau-Lichtenberg branch of the House of Hanau. He was the ruling Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg from 1641 and of Hanau-Münzenberg from 1642.

Hanau-Münzenberg

The County of Hanau-Münzenberg was a territory within the Holy Roman Empire. It emerged when the County of Hanau was divided in 1458, the other part being the county of Hanau-Lichtenberg. Due to common heirs both counties were merged from 1642 to 1685 and from 1712 to 1736. In 1736 the last member of the House of Hanau died and the Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel inherited the county.

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