Joe Tinker

Joseph Bert Tinker (July 27, 1880 – July 27, 1948) was an American professional baseball player and manager. He played from 1902 through 1916 for the Chicago Cubs and Cincinnati Reds of Major League Baseball (MLB) and the Chicago Whales of the Federal League.

Born in Muscotah, Kansas, Tinker began playing semi-professional baseball in Kansas in the late 19th century. He began his professional career in 1900 in minor league baseball and made his MLB debut with the Cubs in 1902. Tinker was a member of the Chicago Cubs dynasty that won four pennants and two World Series championships between 1906 and 1910. After playing one season with Cincinnati in 1913, he became one of the first stars to jump to the upstart Federal League in 1914. After leading the Whales to the pennant in 1915, he returned to the Cubs as their player-manager in 1916, his final season in MLB.

Tinker returned to minor league baseball as a part-owner and manager for the Columbus Senators before moving to Orlando, Florida, to manage the Orlando Tigers. While in Orlando, Tinker developed a real estate firm, which thrived during the Florida land boom of the 1920s. However, the 1926 Miami hurricane and Great Depression cost Tinker most of his fortune, and he returned to professional baseball in the late 1930s.

With the Cubs, Tinker was a part of a great double-play combination with teammates Johnny Evers and Frank Chance that was immortalized as "Tinker-to-Evers-to-Chance" in the poem "Baseball's Sad Lexicon". However, Evers and Tinker feuded off the field. Tinker was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1946, the same year as Evers and Chance. He has also been honored by the Florida State League and the city of Orlando.

Joe Tinker
Joe Tinker NYWTS
Tinker with the Chicago Cubs in 1908
Shortstop / Manager
Born: July 27, 1880
Muscotah, Kansas
Died: July 27, 1948 (aged 68)
Orlando, Florida
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 17, 1902, for the Chicago Orphans
Last MLB appearance
September 22, 1916, for the Chicago Cubs
MLB statistics
Batting average.262
Home runs31
Runs batted in782
Teams
As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction1946
Election MethodVeteran's Committee

Early life

Tinker was born in Muscotah, Kansas. His twin sister died at a young age.[1] When Tinker was two, his family moved to Kansas City, Kansas. There, he began to play baseball for his school's team when he was 14 years old.[1] He played in semi-professional baseball for Hagen's Tailors in 1898, winning the city championship. In 1899, he played for a team based in Parsons, Kansas, until it disbanded. He then joined a team representing Coffeyville, Kansas, as a third baseman, for the remainder of the year.[2]

Tinker started his professional baseball career in 1900, at the age of 19, when Billy Hulen, a teammate of Tinker's with the Coffeyville squad, recommended him to George Tebeau, the manager of the Denver Grizzlies of the Western League. Playing as a second baseman for Denver, Tinker batted .219 in his first 32 games. Tebeau sold Tinker to the Great Falls Indians of the Montana State League in June. Great Falls sold Tinker to the Helena Senators, also in the Montana State League, for $200 later in the season due to the team's financial insolvency.[1]

In 1901, Tinker batted .290 for the Portland Webfoots of the Pacific Northwest League as their third baseman. He led the league with 37 stolen bases. Receiving interest from the Chicago Cubs and the Cincinnati Reds of the National League (NL), Tinker decided on the Cubs when teammate Jack McCarthy told him that he felt mistreated from his time with the Reds.[1]

Major league career

Chicago Cubs

When he purchased Tinker's contract, Cubs manager Frank Selee was seeking a replacement at shortstop for Barry McCormick, who had joined the St. Louis Browns of the rival American League. Tinker won the job during spring training.[1] As a rookie in 1902, Tinker batted .261, but also led NL shortstops with 72 errors.[1] Johnny Evers, also a rookie, played second base for the Cubs. With Frank Chance, the team's first baseman, the trio first played together on September 13, 1902,[3] and collaborated on their first double play on September 15.[4]

In the 1903 season, Tinker's batting average improved to .291, and he also contributed 70 RBIs. Tinker led all NL shortstops in the 1906 season with a .944 fielding percentage.[1] On September 14, 1905, Tinker and Evers engaged in a fistfight on the field because Evers had taken a cab to the stadium and left his teammates behind in the hotel lobby. They did not speak for years following this event.[4]

Joe Tinker (baseball card - 1912)
Joe Tinker baseball card, 1912

Tinker led all shortstops in the NL in double plays turned in the 1905 season.[5] Led by Tinker, Evers and Chance, the Cubs had a 116–36 win-loss record in the 1906 season, a record for victories that only was matched by the Seattle Mariners in the 2001 season,[6] in which the Mariners played ten more games than the 1906 Cubs.[2] Tinker batted .167 in the 1906 World Series as the Chicago White Sox defeated the Cubs in six games.[7] Prior to the 1907 season, Tinker underwent surgery for appendicitis.[8] Tinker batted only .154 in the 1907 World Series, but the Cubs defeated the Detroit Tigers in five games.[9]

In the 1908 season, Tinker played all 157 games on the Cubs' schedule. In addition to batting .266, he led the team with 146 hits, six home runs, 14 triples, and a .391 slugging percentage.[1] He also led the league with 570 assists.[10] In the game characterized by Merkle's Boner, Tinker hit an inside-the-park home run against Christy Mathewson of the New York Giants, prior to Fred Merkle's baserunning gaffe. In the 1908 NL playoff game, which was a replay of the Merkle game, Tinker hit a leadoff triple off of Mathewson in the third inning, which ignited a four-run rally that helped Chicago to clinch the pennant.[1] Tinker then batted .263 as the Cubs defeated the Tigers in the 1908 World Series in five games.[11] Tinker also hit a home run off of Bill Donovan, the first home run hit in a World Series following the 1905 rules agreement.[12]

In 1909, Tinker, who earned $1,500, demanded a $2,500 salary. He accepted a $200 raise.[13] The Cubs reached the 1910 World Series, and though Tinker batted .333 in the series, the Cubs lost to the Philadelphia Athletics in five games.[14] Following the 1910 season, Tinker threatened to quit the Cubs and play baseball in Australia over a salary dispute.[15]

Tinker led the NL with 486 assists in the 1911 season and led all shortstops in putouts with 333.[16] In August 1911, Chance suspended Tinker for the remainder of the season for using profanity,[17] though he was reinstated two days later.[18]

Garry Herrmann, the owner of the Reds, identified Tinker as an ideal candidate to become his player-manager for the 1912 season.[19] According to Tinker, shareholders of the Reds approached Tinker about his interest in the job, and he then met with Charles W. Murphy, the Cubs' owner, and Chance, then serving as the Cubs' manager. They forbade him from taking the role with Cincinnati, which left Tinker unhappy.[20] Herrmann began to listen to entreaties from his players, who wanted to retain Clark Griffith as manager,[19] but decided to hire Hank O'Day.[20] In the 1912 season, Tinker had a .282 batting average, and scored 80 runs and recorded 75 RBIs, both career records.[1] He again led the league in putouts by a shortstop, with 354.[21] Tinker finished in fourth place in the Chalmers Award voting following the season,[1] behind Larry Doyle, Honus Wagner, and Chief Meyers.[22]

Cincinnati Reds

Joe tinker coke ad
Joe Tinker in a Coca-Cola ad from 1913

Murphy named Evers the new manager of the Cubs for the 1913 season. Tinker did not want to play for Evers[1] and met with Murphy and Evers to discuss his transfer to the Reds.[23] Murphy was unhappy with Tinker's high salary demands, which led him to agree to trade Tinker to the Cincinnati Reds in December 1912. The Reds received Tinker, Harry Chapman and Grover Lowdermilk in exchange for Red Corriden, Bert Humphries, Pete Knisely, Mike Mitchell, and Art Phelan.[1][24] He signed a contract for an undisclosed salary.[25]

Tinker missed several weeks during the 1913 season when he gave blood for his wife's blood transfusion.[26] Tinker finished the season with a .317 batting average, .445 slugging percentage, and a .968 fielding percentage, all career highs, in 110 games. However, the Reds as a team struggled, finishing the season with a 64–89 win-loss record.[1] Due to the Reds' struggles, Herrmann challenged Tinker's managerial style and sought his resignation. Tinker refused to resign.[27]

Chicago Whales and Cubs

In October 1913, Tinker and Herrmann conferred, leading to Tinker signing a contract to remain the Reds manager for the 1914 season.[28] However, Herrmann fired Tinker in November, leaving him to seek a contract from another team. Tinker complained that Herrmann did not seek his input on player transactions, while Herrmann charged that Tinker did not accept his authority.[28][29]

Charles Ebbets, owner of the Brooklyn Dodgers, viewed Tinker as a good replacement for the released Bob Fisher, their shortstop in 1913.[30] The Cubs, Giants, Pittsburgh Pirates, and Philadelphia Phillies were also interested in acquiring Tinker.[31] Ebbets secured Tinker's release from the Reds for $15,000, with another $10,000 to be paid to Tinker. The teams also agreed to swap players, with Earl Yingling and Herbie Moran going to Cincinnati and Dick Egan joining Brooklyn. Ebbets entered contract negotiations with Tinker.[32]

However, Tinker never received the $10,000 promised to him by Ebbets.[33] He insisted on a $10,000 salary for the 1914 season, higher than the $5,000 Brooklyn was willing to pay. Tinker was willing to accept a three-year contract if it paid $7,500 per season.[34][35] Tinker decided to jump to the Federal League rather than sign with Brooklyn, signing a three-year contract worth $36,000.[36][37] He was considered the first "star" player to jump to the Federal League,[2][38] though he signed with the Federal League the same day as Mordecai Brown.[39]

Joining the Chicago Federals (later known as the Whales) in the Federal League, Tinker served as player-manager. In his role, he signed other major league players to the Federal League,[40] though he could not lure American League pitchers Walter Johnson from the Washington Senators or Smoky Joe Wood from the Boston Red Sox.[41] The Whales drew more fans than the Cubs in those two seasons. The Whales finished in second place in 1914, with Tinker batting .259 despite suffering a broken rib during the season. Tinker tore a muscle in May 1915, ending his season prematurely.[42] With Tinker managing, the Whales won the pennant in 1915.[1] However, the league folded after the 1915 season.

Charles Weeghman, the owner of the Whales, purchased the Cubs and consolidated his two Chicago rosters, retaining Tinker as his manager.[43] Due to the high combined salaries of the Cubs and Whales, which included Brown and Roger Bresnahan, Tinker was tasked with releasing extraneous players from their contracts.[44] He served as the player-manager of the Cubs for the 1916 season.[45]

Career summary

Tinker was the starting shortstop for the Chicago Cubs from 1902 to 1912. He was a speedy runner, stealing an average of 28 bases a season and even stealing home twice in one game on July 28, 1910.[3] He also excelled at fielding, often leading the National League in a number of statistical categories (including four times in fielding percentage). During his decade with the Cubs, they went to the World Series four times, winning in 1907 and 1908.

Despite being just an average hitter, batting .268 for his career in an era of high batting averages, Tinker had a good amount of success against fellow Hall of Famer Christy Mathewson,[46] batting .350 against the Hall of Fame pitcher over his career.[2] In Mathewson's 1912 book, Pitching in a Pinch, he referred to Tinker as "the worst man I have to face in the National League."[1]

Tinker is perhaps best known for the "Tinker to Evers to Chance" double play combination in the poem "Baseball's Sad Lexicon", written by the New York Evening Mail newspaper columnist Franklin Pierce Adams in July 1910. The poem was written as a lamentation from the perspective of a New York Giants fan on how the team is consistently defeated by the Chicago Cubs.[4]

Tinker was also noted as a fighter. In addition to fighting Evers, Tinker defeated Egan in a fight after a game[4] and fought Rabbit Maranville during a game.[47] In 1908, he was arrested for assault when he got into a fight with a fan at a saloon he owned.[48] He was acquitted of the charge.[49]

Later life

In December 1916, Tinker became part-owner of the Columbus Senators of the American Association, with Thomas E. Wilson serving as the principal owner. The duo paid $65,000 for 75% ownership of the team.[50] Tinker also served as the team's manager. He allowed Grover Hartley to succeed him as manager in 1919 and chose Bill Clymer to manage the team for the 1920 season, leading Hartley to request a trade.[51]

Tinker's wife continued to suffer through poor health, so Tinker sold his interest in the Columbus team after the 1920 season and moved to Orlando, Florida.[52] Tinker became owner and manager of the Orlando Tigers of the Florida State League.[1] The team became known as the "Tinker Tigers"[53] and won the league's championship.[5] Tinker also scouted for the Reds.[52]

Tinker's wife committed suicide on Christmas Day, 1923, with a revolver during an apparent nervous breakdown.[54] He remarried in 1926, to Mary Ross Eddington of Orlando. Jack Hendricks of the Reds served as Tinker's best man.[55] He married his third wife, Susanna Margaret Chabot, in 1942.[56]

Tinker ended his involvement in professional baseball, focusing instead on his real estate ventures during the Florida land boom of the 1920s. He developed a successful real estate firm,[57] buying and selling land in Orange County and Seminole County.[53] He purchased the Longwood Hotel, now listed on the National Register of Historic Places, in 1926.[5] Tinker convinced Reds owner Garry Herrmann to use his stadium in Orlando for their spring training site in 1923.[2]

Tinker made up to $250,000 in his real estate business.[58] However, his fortunes began to change in 1926, when the stock market receded and the 1926 Miami hurricane damaged significant areas of South Florida.[53] During the Great Depression, he was forced to liquidate most of his real estate holdings. Tinker owned a billiard parlor during the Depression. He opened one of Orlando's first bars after the end of Prohibition.[2] He also returned to baseball. Tinker scouted the Philadelphia Athletics' hitters for the Cubs prior to the 1929 World Series.[59]

During the 1930 season, Tinker returned to baseball as a coach for the Buffalo Bisons of the International League, who were managed by Clymer.[60] Tinker became the manager of the Jersey City Skeeters of the International League after the dismissal of Nick Allen in August.[61] The owner of the Springfield Ponies of the Eastern League attempted to convince Tinker to manage his team in 1931.[62] Tinker assumed managerial duties of the Orlando Gulls in mid-May 1937, succeeding Nelson Leach.[63] However, he resigned the position in July of that year, as the team was unable to pay his salary.[64] During World War II, Tinker worked at Orlando Air Force Base as a boiler inspector.[53]

According to some tellings, Tinker and Evers did not speak to one another again following their fight for 33 years, until they were asked to participate in the radio broadcast of the 1938 World Series, played between the Cubs and the New York Yankees. Neither Tinker nor Evers knew the other had been invited.[13][65] However, in 1929, Tinker joined with Evers in signing a 10-week contract to perform a theatrical skit on baseball in different cities across the United States.[4]

Tinker had serious health problems in his later life. Complications of diabetes mellitus and Bright's disease left Tinker near death in 1936, when his physician believed he had 24 hours to live, and 1944, when he was placed in an oxygen tent.[58][66] However, he returned to health and scouted minor league players for the Boston Braves in 1946.[67] Tinker developed an infection relating to diabetes that in 1947 required the amputation of a toe and persisted until his left leg above the knee was amputated as well.[68][69] Tinker died at Orange Memorial Hospital in Orlando on July 27, 1948, his 68th birthday, of complications from diabetes.[2][70] He was buried in Greenwood Cemetery[71] and survived by his four children.[70]

Honors

Tinker was elected into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1946. Evers and Chance were inducted that same year.[72] Local leaders in Orlando held a testimonial dinner in his honor in 1947.[73]

Tinker Field, a former stadium once in the shadow of the Citrus Bowl, and the Tinker Building, Tinker's office in Orlando, are on the National Register of Historic Places.[13] Tinker was posthumously inducted into the Florida State League Hall of Fame in 2009, in its inaugural class.[74]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Jacobsen, Lenny. "Joe Tinker". The Baseball Biography Project. Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved October 15, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g White, Russ (July 24, 1988). "Joe Tinker: Baseball Legend Who Led 3 Lives". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Singer, Tom (June 25, 2008). "Power of poem immortalizes Cubs trio: Tinker to Evers to Chance flourished in early 1900s". MLB.com. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Tinker Field Has Real Baseball Legend Behind It". Orlando Sentinel. July 27, 2003. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Robison, Jim (September 30, 1999). "For Central Florida, Tinker Was Team Player". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  6. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/SEA/2001.shtml
  7. ^ "1906 World Series – Chicago White Sox over Chicago Cubs (4–2)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  8. ^ "Joe Tinker Under Knife of Surgeon: Chicago Cubs' Clever Shortstop Is Operated Upon for Appendicitis". The Pittsburgh Press. March 3, 1907. p. 19. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  9. ^ "1907 World Series – Chicago Cubs over Detroit Tigers (4–0)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  10. ^ "1908 National League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  11. ^ "1908 World Series – Chicago Cubs over Detroit Tigers (4–1)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  12. ^ "Member of Great 'Evers-Tinker-Chance' Trio Reminisces". The Pittsburgh Press. April 7, 1932. p. 25. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
  13. ^ a b c Whitley, David (July 27, 2008). "Ol' Joe Tinker deserves better than dead cats". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
  14. ^ "1910 World Series – Philadelphia Athletics over Chicago Cubs (4–1)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  15. ^ "Joe Tinker May Quit The Cubs: Great Shortstop Considering Offer to Introduce American National Pastime in Australia". Detroit Free Press. December 24, 1910. p. 9. Retrieved May 11, 2013. (subscription required)
  16. ^ "1911 National League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  17. ^ "Joe Tinker Fined And Suspended: Reprimanded by Chance for Failing to Get Fly Balls, He Answers Profanely and Is Given Severe Punishment; Declares Penalty is Unjust and Undeserved". The Pittsburgh Press. August 6, 1911. p. 6. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  18. ^ "Chance Has Reinstated Tinker". Trenton True American. August 8, 1911. p. 4. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  19. ^ a b "Griffith to Manage Reds. – Sentiment Has Changed and Herrmann Will Probably Retain Him". The New York Times. October 30, 1911. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  20. ^ a b "Shortstop Tinker of the Cubs Is Peeved". Daily Kentucky New Era. January 3, 1912. p. 2. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  21. ^ "1912 National League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  22. ^ "1912 Awards Voting". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  23. ^ "Tinker Still Aspires To Be Manager of Reds". The Toledo News-Bee. United Press International. November 12, 1912. p. 12. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  24. ^ "Joe Tinker Now Manager of Cincinnati". Meriden Morning Record. December 12, 1912. p. 2. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  25. ^ "Joe Tinker Signs Contract With Reds: Tells Herrmann He Wants First Class Catcher, a Pitcher, and Outfielder. Gives Banquet To Friends". The Gazette Times. December 19, 1912. p. 10. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
  26. ^ "Tinker's Blood For Wife. – Cincinnati Shortstop Awaiting a Call to Undergo Transfusion". The New York Times. July 15, 1913. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  27. ^ "Tinker Will Not Resign". The Pittsburgh Press. August 15, 1913. p. 12. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  28. ^ a b "Tinker Signs To Manage Reds in 1914: Former Cub Comes To Terms With Herrmann—No Real Differences Existed. Garry Said To Be Satisfied". The Gazette Times. Associated Press. October 31, 1913. p. 10. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  29. ^ "Joe Tinker Dethroned. Is Booetd Out of His Job on the Reds. Herrmann Says that He Tried to Usurp Authority, While Joe Says He Simply Refused to Be Dictated to and Just Asked for Proper Authority". Los Angeles Times. November 26, 1913. p. III1. Retrieved May 14, 2013. (subscription required)
  30. ^ "Brooklyn Baseball Club Wants Tinker – Deposed Manager of Reds Will Not Play with Cincinnati or Chicago". The New York Times. November 27, 1913. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  31. ^ "Pirates Have Inside Track For Tinker: Clarke's Chances of Solving Infield Problem Now Growing Very Bright. Herrmann Must Be Cautious". The Gazette Times. December 4, 1913. p. 10. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  32. ^ "Ebbets Closes Deal For Joe Tinker – Yingling and Moran to Go to Cincinnati and Egan to Come to Brooklyn". The New York Times. December 20, 1913. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
  33. ^ James, Bill (1995). Whatever Happened to the Hall of Fame. Simon & Schuster. p. 208. ISBN 1439108374. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  34. ^ "Brooklyn Fixing Up Salary for Joe Tinker". The Toronto World. December 22, 1913. p. 8. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  35. ^ "Tinker May Refuse To Go To Brooklyn; Wants To Join Cubs". The Saskatoon Phoenix. December 15, 1913. p. 8. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
  36. ^ "Joe Tinker Jumps National League – Cincinnati Short Stop Signs to Manage Chicago Club in Federal League. Ebbets to Restrain Him; Brooklyn Club Had Paid $15,000 for His Release and Offered Player $10,000 Besides Big Salary". The New York Times. December 27, 1913. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
  37. ^ "Joe Tinker May Not Play Ball: President Murphy Thinks Tinker Accepted Terms With Brooklyn Nationals. Sweeney On Fence; Al Bidwell Has Signed Contract With the St. Louis Federals". The Saskatoon Phoenix. February 7, 1914. p. 10. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  38. ^ "Joe Tinker And His Career". Meriden Morning Record. February 17, 1914. p. 2. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  39. ^ "Tinker and Brown Sign Contracts; Their Three Years' Salary Is Guaranteed by a Bonding Company". The New York Times. December 30, 1913. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
  40. ^ "Seaton Accepts Terms; Brooklyn Federals to Pay Pitcher $8,500 a Year for Three Seasons". The New York Times. April 11, 1914. Retrieved May 12, 2013.
  41. ^ "Federals Offer Job to Johnson: Tinker Bids High for Idaho Marvel and "Smoky Joe" Wood". Spokane Daily Chronicle. January 8, 1914. p. 2. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  42. ^ James, p. 211
  43. ^ "Joe Tinker To Manage Cubs: According to Charley Weeghman Windy City Club Will Play Under Feds' Leader". Evening Tribune. Providence, Rhode Island. December 21, 1915. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  44. ^ "Salary List of Cubs and Whales is Large: Contracts of Joe Tinker, Mordecai Brown, Bresnahan and Other Stars Held by Club". Evening Tribune. January 17, 1916. p. 17. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  45. ^ "Joe Tinker Criticised By Scribes". The Pittsburgh Press. April 8, 1916. p. 16. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  46. ^ "Joe Tinker Still Matty's Worst Foe – Chicago Short Stop, Always Able to Bat "Big Six", Wins Second Game for Cuba". The New York Times. September 29, 1911. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  47. ^ "Maranville And Joe Tinker Fight: Myers and Mann Also Get Into The Scrap in Cincinnati. Giants and Pirates Split, Phillies and Cubs Score Shutouts. National League Results. National League Standing. National League Games Today. Braves Lose, Then Win. Reds Take First Game Only After 11-Inning Struggle". Boston Daily Globe. September 14, 1913. p. 10. Retrieved May 9, 2013. (subscription required)
  48. ^ "Joe Tinker Arrested for Assault". The New York Times. October 6, 1908. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  49. ^ James, p. 208
  50. ^ "Millionaire Meat Packer of Chicago Joins Joe Tinker In Purchas Of Columbus Club". The Milwaukee Journal. December 23, 1916. p. 6. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  51. ^ "Baseball Notes". Los Angeles Times. January 14, 1920. p. III3. Retrieved May 8, 2013. (subscription required)
  52. ^ a b James, p. 212
  53. ^ a b c d Andrews, Mark (November 28, 1999). "Tinker's Fortunes Vanished Quickly". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  54. ^ "Joe Tinker's Wife Suicides: Former Baseball Star Was Away From Home When Deed Took Place". The Evening Independent. December 26, 1923. p. 1. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  55. ^ "Orlando Woman Becomes Bride Of Joe Tinker". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. May 10, 1926. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  56. ^ "Joe Tinker of Baseball Fame Wed in Florida". The Milwaukee Journal. April 15, 1942. p. 5. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  57. ^ "Joe Tinker Popular and Prosperous". The Evening Independent. Newspaper Enterprise Association. April 2, 1923. p. 2. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  58. ^ a b "Joe Tinker Near Death: Old Chicago Cub Star Is Given Only 24 Hours By Physician". The Pittsburgh Press. United Press International. December 4, 1936. p. 58. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  59. ^ Bell, Brian (August 27, 1930). "Joe Tinker Will Try To Boost Jersey City From League Cellar". Ludington Daily News. Associated Press. p. 6. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  60. ^ "Famous Joe Tinker Joins Buffalo Bisons". Rochester Evening Journal and the Post Express. December 5, 1929. p. 21. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  61. ^ "Joe Tinker New Manager of Jersey City Club". Edmonton Journal. August 12, 1930. p. 7. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  62. ^ "Joe Tinker May Pilot Ponies In Eastern Race: Owner A. J. Sheehan Wants One Time Member of Chicago Cub's Hallowed Infield To Manage Team --Taking Him Would Please Yankee Management". Hartford Courant. January 25, 1931. p. C5. Retrieved May 8, 2013. (subscription required)
  63. ^ "Joe Tinker Back In Diamond Game". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. May 24, 1937. p. 10. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  64. ^ "Joe Tinker Resigns as Orlando Manager". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. July 25, 1937. p. 3. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  65. ^ The Ballplayers – Joe Tinker Archived 2012-10-20 at the Wayback Machine. BaseballLibrary.com. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
  66. ^ "Joe Tinker Reported In Serious Condition". Ottawa Citizen. Associated Press. February 2, 1944. p. 10. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  67. ^ MacGill, Chris (April 12, 1946). "Joe Tinker Predicts No Americans Will Stick It Out With Mexicans". The Florence Times. Associated Press. p. 10. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  68. ^ "Joe Tinker Awaits Amputation of Leg". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. January 14, 1947. p. 2. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  69. ^ "Tinker's Leg Removed; His Condition Is Good". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. January 17, 1947. p. 8. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  70. ^ a b "As Cubs shortstop... Joe Tinker's Death Comes As Surprise: Famous Cub Shortstop Dies Unexpectedly On 68th Birthday". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. July 28, 1948. p. 16. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  71. ^ "Final Rites For Tinker". The Meriden Daily Journal. Associated Press. July 31, 1948. p. 4. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  72. ^ "New Plaques Placed in Baseball Hall of Fame". Reading Eagle. International News Service. July 21, 1947. p. 11. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
  73. ^ "Orlando Slates Big Joe Tinker Day". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. April 4, 1947. p. 16. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  74. ^ Wild, Danny (October 20, 2009). "Carter to attend Hall of Fame ceremony". MiLB.com. Minor League Baseball. Retrieved May 9, 2013.

External links

1906 Chicago Cubs season

The 1906 Chicago Cubs season was the 35th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 31st in the National League and the 14th at West Side Park. The team won the National League pennant with a record of 116–36, a full 20 games ahead of the second-place New York Giants. The team's .763 winning percentage, with two ties in their 154-game season, is the highest in modern MLB history. The 2001 Seattle Mariners also won 116 games, but they did that in 162 games with a .716 winning percentage.

In a major upset, the Cubs were beaten by the Chicago White Sox in the 1906 World Series.

1907 Chicago Cubs season

The 1907 Chicago Cubs season was the 36th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 32nd in the National League and the 15th at West Side Park. It was the first season that the Chicago Cubs became the franchise's name officially. The team finished in first place in the National League with a record of 107–45, 17 games ahead of the Pittsburgh Pirates. It was their second straight NL pennant. The Cubs faced the Detroit Tigers in the 1907 World Series, which they won four games to none (with one tie) for their first World Series victory.

1907 World Series

The 1907 World Series featured the Chicago Cubs and the Detroit Tigers, with the Cubs winning the Series four games to none (with one tie) for their first championship.

The Cubs came back strong from their shocking loss in the 1906 World Series. The Tigers' young star Ty Cobb came into the Series with the first of his many league batting championships. With pitching dominance over the Tigers and Cobb, the Cubs allowed only three runs in the four games they won, while stealing 18 bases off the rattled Tigers.

Tigers pitcher "Wild Bill" Donovan struck out twelve Cubs in Game 1. Although that matched Ed Walsh's total in Game 3 against the Cubs in 1906, it was across twelve innings. Donovan struck out just ten Cubs in the first nine innings of the game.

1908 Chicago Cubs season

The 1908 Chicago Cubs season was the 37th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 33rd in the National League and the 16th at West Side Park. It involved the Cubs winning their third consecutive National League pennant, as well as the World Series.

This team included four future Hall of Famers: manager / first baseman Frank Chance, second baseman Johnny Evers, shortstop Joe Tinker, and pitcher Mordecai Brown. In 1908, Brown finished second in the NL in wins and ERA. This would be the last World Series victory for the Cubs until the 2016 World Series.

1909 Chicago Cubs season

The 1909 Chicago Cubs season was the 38th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 34th in the National League and the 17th at West Side Park. The Cubs won 104 games but finished second in the National League, 6½ games behind the Pittsburgh Pirates. The Cubs had won the pennant the previous three years and would win it again in 1910. Of their 104 victories, 97 were wins for a Cubs starting pitcher; this was the most wins in a season by the starting staff of any major league team from 1908 to the present day.The legendary infield of Joe Tinker, Johnny Evers, Frank Chance, and Harry Steinfeldt was still intact, but it was the pitching staff that excelled. The Cubs pitchers had a collective earned run average of 1.75, a microscopic figure even for the dead-ball era. Three Finger Brown was one of the top two pitchers in the league (with Christy Mathewson) again, going 27–9 with a 1.31 ERA.

1910 Chicago Cubs season

The 1910 Chicago Cubs season was the 39th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 35th in the National League and the 18th at West Side Park. The Cubs finished first in the National League with a record of 104–50, 13 games ahead of the second place New York Giants. The team was defeated four games to one by the Philadelphia Athletics in the 1910 World Series.

1913 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1913 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished seventh in the National League with a record of 64–89, 37 ½ games behind the New York Giants.

1914 Chicago Federals season

The 1914 Chicago Federals season was a season in American baseball. Chicago finished 87–67, good for 2nd place in the Federal League, just 1½ games behind the Indianapolis Hoosiers.

1915 Chicago Whales season

The 1915 Chicago Whales season was a season in American baseball. After not having an official nickname in 1914, the team officially became the Whales for the 1915 season. They finished the season with an 86–66 record, placing them in a statistical tie with the St. Louis Terriers for first place in the Federal League. However, since the Whales had a slightly better winning percentage, they were declared the league champions.

1916 Chicago Cubs season

The 1916 Chicago Cubs season was the 45th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 41st in the National League and the 1st at Wrigley Field (then known as "Weeghman Park"). The Cubs finished fifth in the National League with a record of 67–86.

Baseball's Sad Lexicon

"Baseball's Sad Lexicon," also known as "Tinker to Evers to Chance" after its refrain, is a 1910 baseball poem by Franklin Pierce Adams. The eight-line poem is presented as a single, rueful stanza from the point of view of a New York Giants fan watching the Chicago Cubs infield of shortstop Joe Tinker, second baseman Johnny Evers, and first baseman Frank Chance complete a double play. These three players helped the Cubs win four National League championships and two World Series from 1906 to 1910.

"Baseball's Sad Lexicon" became popular across the United States among sportswriters, who wrote their own verses along the same vein. The poem only enhanced the reputations of Tinker, Evers, and Chance over the succeeding decades as the phrase became a synonymous with a feat of smooth and ruthless efficiency. It has been credited with their elections to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1946.

Chicago Whales all-time roster

The Chicago Whales were a Major League Baseball franchise that played in the Federal League during its two years of existence, 1914 and 1915. The following is a list of players and who appeared in at least one game for the franchise during this time. This includes the Chicago Federals, the name of the club in 1914.

Frank Chance

Frank Leroy Chance (September 9, 1877 – September 15, 1924) was an American professional baseball player. A first baseman, Chance played in Major League Baseball for the Chicago Cubs (initially named the "Orphans") and New York Yankees from 1898 through 1914. He also served as manager of the Cubs, Yankees, and Boston Red Sox.

Discovered by the Cubs as he played semi-professional baseball while attending college, Chance debuted with the Cubs in 1898, serving as a part-time player. In 1903, Chance became the Cubs' regular first baseman, and in 1905, he succeeded Frank Selee as the team's manager. Chance led the Cubs to four National League championships in the span of five years (1906–1910) and won the World Series in 1907 and 1908. With Joe Tinker and Johnny Evers, Chance formed a strong double play combination, which was immortalized as "Tinker-to-Evers-to-Chance" in "Baseball's Sad Lexicon".

Let go by the Cubs after the 1912 season, Chance signed with the Yankees, serving as a player–manager for two seasons. He joined the Los Angeles Angels of the Pacific Coast League as a player–manager, returning to MLB in 1923 as manager of the Red Sox. Chance was named the manager of the Chicago White Sox in 1924, but never took control of the team as he became ill. He died later that year.

Noted for his leadership abilities, Chance earned the nickname "Peerless Leader." He is the all-time leader in managerial winning percentage in Cubs history. Chance was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in the 1946 balloting by the Veterans Committee, along with Tinker and Evers. He was inducted into the Fresno County Athletic Hall of Fame's first class, in 1959.

Frank Selee

Frank Gibson Selee (October 26, 1859 – July 5, 1909) was an American Major League Baseball manager in the National League (NL). In his sixteen-year Major League career, he managed the Boston Beaneaters for twelve seasons, and the Chicago Orphans/Cubs for four.

He was noted for his ability to assess and utilize talent, which gave his teams a great opportunity to be successful. His success is measurable in that he won five NL titles with the Beaneaters, including three years in a row from 1891 to 1893. After he left Boston, he went on to manage in Chicago where he built the basis for the Cubs' later success by signing and utilizing the talents of Frank Chance, Joe Tinker, and Johnny Evers. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1999 for his managerial achievements.

Joe Tinker (politician)

John Joseph Tinker (1875 – 30 July 1957) was a British Labour Party politician.

Born in Little Hulton, Tinker began working at a coal mine at the age of ten. He became active in the Lancashire and Cheshire Miners' Federation, and became the union's full-time agent for the St Helens area in 1915.Tinker was a supporter of the Labour Party, for which he was elected to St Helens Town Council in 1919. He was elected at the 1923 general election as Member of Parliament (MP) for Leigh in Lancashire with the support of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, and held the seat until his retirement from the House of Commons at the 1945 general election.During his 22 years in the House of Commons, Joseph Tinker ensured that the safety of coal miners and their welfare became a key issue discussed, debated and acted upon. Against considerable opposition, he ensured that the dreadful working conditions of miners were improved.

Joseph Tinker also introduced the first legislation which brought equal funding to Catholic schools in the UK.

Leigh (UK Parliament constituency)

Leigh is a constituency in Greater Manchester represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Joanne Platt of the Labour Party.

Prior to this, the seat was represented by Andy Burnham of the Labour Party, who served as the MP from 2001, and Shadow Home Secretary in Jeremy Corbyn's Shadow Cabinet until October 2016. Burnham stood down following his victory at the 2017 Greater Manchester mayoral election.

List of managers of defunct Major League Baseball teams

In Major League Baseball history, 65 teams have become defunct. These teams played in five different Major Leagues–the extant National League and the now defunct American Association, Union Association, Players' League and Federal League. Thirteen men who managed now-defunct Major League Baseball teams have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame: Ned Hanlon, John McGraw, Jim O'Rourke, Pud Galvin, Fred Clarke, George Wright, John Montgomery Ward, Harry Wright, Charles Comiskey, Buck Ewing, Joe Tinker, Bill McKechnie and Mordecai Brown. Hanlon managed the National League Baltimore Orioles to three league championships. Eleven other managers managed now defunct teams to a single league championship: Bill Watkins, George Wright and Frank Bancroft in the National League, Arthur Irwin, Jack Chapman, Jim Mutrie and Lon Knight in the American Association, Fred Dunlap in the Union Association, King Kelly in the Players' League and Joe Tinker and Bill Phillips in the Federal League.

Patsy Tebeau's 579 wins with the National League Cleveland Spiders is more than any other manager won with any single defunct Major League Baseball team. His 1040 games managed and 436 losses with the Spiders are the most of any manager of a single defunct National League team. Billy Barnie's 1050 games managed and 548 losses with the American Association Baltimore Orioles are the most of any manager with a single defunct Major League team, and his 470 wins are the most of any manager of a defunct American Association team. Dunlap has the most managerial wins for a Union Association team, and King Kelly has the most wins for a Players' League team. Tinker has the most wins for a Federal League manager, and Otto Knabe has the most losses.

Chapman and Bancroft each managed six different now defunct Major League Baseball teams. Chapman managed the National League Louisville Grays, Milwaukee Grays, Worcester Ruby Legs, Detroit Wolverines and Buffalo Bisons, and the Louisville Colonels in both the American Association and the National League. He managed the Colonels to the 1890 American Association championship, and to a tie with the National League champion Brooklyn Bridegrooms in the 1890 World Series. Bancroft managed the National League Worcester Ruby Legs, Detroit Wolverines, Cleveland Blues, Providence Grays and Indianapolis Hoosiers and the American Association Philadelphia Athletics. He managed the Providence Grays to the 1884 National League and World Series championships.

Mr. Winkle Goes to War

Mr. Winkle Goes to War is a 1944 war comedy film starring Edward G. Robinson and Ruth Warrick, based on a novel by Theodore Pratt.

Tinker Field

Tinker Field was an outdoor baseball stadium in Orlando, Florida, United States. Named after Baseball Hall of Famer Joe Tinker, it was located in the West Lakes neighborhoods of Downtown Orlando, adjacent to the Camping World Stadium and one mile west of the Amway Center. In April, 2015 the City of Orlando tore down the grandstands and removed all other extant buildings.

Constructed in 1914, Tinker Field was the spring training home of the Brooklyn Dodgers, Cincinnati Reds, Washington Senators, and Minnesota Twins. It was also the home park of the Orlando Rays minor league baseball team before they moved to Cracker Jack Stadium in 2000. It is located directly adjacent to the western side of the Orlando Citrus Bowl Stadium and boasted a capacity of 5,100 before the grandstands were removed in 2015.

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