Joe Morgan

Joe Leonard Morgan (born September 19, 1943) is an American former professional baseball second baseman who played Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Houston Astros, Cincinnati Reds, San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies, and Oakland Athletics from 1963 to 1984. He won two World Series championships with the Reds in 1975 and 1976 and was also named the National League Most Valuable Player (MVP) in each of those years. Considered one of the greatest second basemen of all-time, Morgan was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1990. After retiring as an active player, Morgan became a baseball broadcaster for the Reds, Giants, and ESPN. He currently hosts a weekly nationally-syndicated radio show on Sports USA, while serving as a special advisor to the Reds.

Joe Morgan
Joe Morgan - Cincinnati Reds
Morgan with the Reds in 1977
Second baseman
Born: September 19, 1943 (age 75)
Bonham, Texas
Batted: Left Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 21, 1963, for the Houston Colt .45s
Last MLB appearance
September 30, 1984, for the Oakland Athletics
MLB statistics
Batting average.271
Home runs268
Runs batted in1,133
Stolen bases689
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Vote81.8% (first ballot)

Playing career

Born in Bonham, Texas, and raised in Oakland, California, Morgan was nicknamed "Little Joe" for his diminutive 5'7" stature. He was a standout at Castlemont High School before being signed by the Houston Colt .45s as an amateur free agent in 1962.

Houston Colt .45s/Astros

Early in his career, Morgan had trouble with his swing because he kept his back elbow down too low. Teammate Nellie Fox (also a stocky second baseman) suggested to Morgan that while at the plate he should flap his back arm like a chicken to keep his elbow up.[1] Morgan followed the advice, and his flapping arm became Morgan's signature.

Morgan played 10 seasons for Houston, compiling 72 home runs and 219 stolen bases. He made the All Star Team twice during this period, in 1966 and 1970. On June 25, 1966, Morgan was struck on the kneecap by a line drive (hit by Lee Maye) during batting practice.[2] The broken kneecap forced Morgan out of the lineup for 40 games, during which the Astros went 11-29 (for a .275 winning percentage).

Although Morgan played with distinction for Houston, the Astros wanted more power in their lineup. Additionally, manager Harry Walker considered Morgan a troublemaker.[3] As a result, they traded Morgan to the Cincinnati Reds as part of a blockbuster multi-player deal on November 29, 1971, announced at baseball's winter meetings.

Cincinnati Reds

To this day the trade is considered an epoch-making deal for Cincinnati, although at the time many "experts" felt like the Astros got the better end of the deal.[4] Power-hitting Lee May, All-Star second baseman Tommy Helms, and outfielder/pinch hitter Jimmy Stewart went to the Astros. In addition to Morgan, included in the deal to the Reds were César Gerónimo (who became their regular right fielder and then center fielder), starting pitcher Jack Billingham, veteran infielder Denis Menke, and minor league outfielder Ed Armbrister. Morgan joined leadoff hitter Pete Rose as prolific catalysts at the top of the Reds' lineup. Morgan added home run power, not always displayed with the Astros in the cavernous Astrodome, outstanding speed and excellent defense.

After joining The Big Red Machine, Morgan's career reached a new level. He made eight consecutive All-Star Game appearances (1972–79) to go along with his 1966 and 1970 appearances with Houston.

Morgan, along with teammates Pete Rose, Johnny Bench, Tony Pérez, and Dave Concepción, led the Reds to consecutive championships in the World Series. He drove in Ken Griffey for the winning run in Game 7 of the 1975 World Series. Morgan was also the National League MVP in 1975 and 1976. He was the first second baseman in the history of the National League to win the MVP back to back.[5] In Morgan's NL MVP years he batted .327 with 17 Home Runs & 94 RBIs in 1975 and he batted .320 with 27 Home Runs, 111 RBIs, & 60 stolen bases in 1976.

Morgan was an extremely capable hitter—especially in clutch situations. While his lifetime average was only .271, he hit between .288 and .327 during his peak years with the Reds. Additionally, he drew many walks, resulting in an excellent .392 on-base percentage. He also hit 268 home runs to go with 449 doubles and 96 triples, excellent power for a middle infielder of his era, and was considered by some the finest base stealer of his generation (689 steals at greater than 80% success rate). Besides his prowess at the plate and on the bases, Morgan was an exceptional infielder, winning the Gold Glove Award in consecutive years from 1973 to 1977.

Later career

Joe Morgan 1981 Giants
Morgan at bat for the Giants in 1981.

Morgan returned to Houston in 1980 to help the young Astros win the NL West. The Astros then lost the National League Championship Series to the Philadelphia Phillies.

Morgan went to the San Francisco Giants for the next two seasons. His home run in the last game of the 1982 season eliminated the Dodgers from the division race. He won the 1982 Willie Mac Award for his spirit and leadership.

He then went to the Phillies, where he rejoined ex-teammates Pete Rose and Tony Pérez. After the Phillies lost to the Baltimore Orioles in the World Series, Morgan finished his career with the Oakland Athletics.


Joe Morgan's number 8 was retired by the Cincinnati Reds in 1987.

After his career ended, Morgan was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 1987, and his jersey number 8 was retired. He threw out the first pitch at the Reds' first spring training game at Goodyear Ballpark on March 5, 2010.

In March 1988 while transiting through Los Angeles International Airport, Morgan was violently thrown to the floor, handcuffed and arrested by LAPD detectives who profiled him as a drug courier.[6] He subsequently launched and won a civil rights case against the LAPD in 1991;[7] and was awarded $540,000.[8] In 1993 a federal court upheld his claim that his civil rights had been violated.[9]

In the New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract, Bill James named Morgan the best second baseman in baseball history, ahead of #2 Eddie Collins and #3 Rogers Hornsby. He also named Morgan as the "greatest percentages player in baseball history", due to his strong fielding percentage, stolen base percentage, walk-to-strikeout ratio, and walks per plate appearance. The statement was included with the caveat that many players in baseball history could not be included in the formula due to lack of data.[10]

In 1999 Morgan ranked Number 60 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players,[11] and was nominated as a finalist for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.

Morgan currently serves as a member of the board of the Baseball Assistance Team, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to helping former Major League, Minor League, and Negro League players through financial and medical hardships. In addition, since 1994 he has served on the Board of Directors for the Baseball Hall of Fame, and has been Vice-Chairman since 2000.

Broadcasting career

Local gigs and college baseball

Morgan started his broadcasting career in 1985 for the Cincinnati Reds. On September 11, 1985, Morgan, along with his television broadcasting partner Ken Wilson, was on hand to call Pete Rose's record-breaking 4,192nd career hit. A year later, Morgan started a nine-year stint as an announcer for the San Francisco Giants. Morgan added one more local gig when he joined the Oakland Athletics' broadcasting team for the 1995 season.

From 1985 to 1988 Morgan called college baseball games for ESPN. In 1989, Morgan teamed with Brent Musburger to call the championship game of the College World Series for CBS.

ABC Sports

From 1988 to 1989 Morgan served as an announcer for ABC, where he helped announce Monday Night and Thursday Night Baseball games (providing backup for the lead announcing crew composed of Al Michaels, Tim McCarver and Jim Palmer), the 1988 American League Championship Series[12] with Gary Bender and Reggie Jackson, and served as a field reporter for the 1989 World Series along with Gary Thorne (Morgan's regular season partner in 1989). Morgan was on the field at San Francisco's Candlestick Park alongside Hall of Famer Willie Mays (whom Morgan was getting set to interview) the moment the Loma Prieta earthquake hit at 5:04 pm.

NBC Sports

From 1994 to 2000 Morgan teamed with Bob Costas and Bob Uecker (until 1997) to call baseball games on NBC (and in association with The Baseball Network from 1994 to 1995). During this period Morgan helped call three World Series (1995, 1997, and 1999) and four All-Star Games (1994, 1996, 1998, and 2000). Morgan also called three American League Championship Series (1996, 1998, and 2000) and three National League Championship Series (1995 alongside Greg Gumbel, 1997, and 1999).

Morgan had spent a previous stint (from 1986 to 1987) with NBC calling regional Game of the Week telecasts alongside Bob Carpenter.[13] During NBC's coverage of the 1985[14] and 1987 National League Championship Series, Morgan served as a pregame analyst alongside hosts Dick Enberg (in 1985) and Marv Albert (in 1987).


Joe Morgan 2011
Morgan in the Baseball Hall of Fame parade in 2011.

Morgan was a member of ESPN's lead baseball broadcast team alongside Jon Miller and Orel Hershiser. Besides teaming with Miller for Sunday Night Baseball (since its inception in 1990) telecasts, Morgan also teamed with Miller for League Championship Series and World Series broadcasts on ESPN Radio.

In 1999, Morgan teamed with his then-NBC colleague Bob Costas to call two weekday night telecasts for ESPN. The first was on Wednesday, August 25 with Detroit Tigers playing against the Seattle Mariners. The second was on Tuesday, September 21 with the Atlanta Braves playing against the New York Mets.

In 2006, he called the Little League World Series Championship with Brent Musburger and Orel Hershiser on ABC, replacing the recently fired Harold Reynolds.[15] During the 2006 MLB playoffs, the network had Morgan pull double duty by calling the first half of the MetsDodgers playoff game at Shea Stadium before traveling across town to call the YankeesTigers night game at Yankee Stadium.[16]

In 2009, Sports Illustrated's Joe Posnanski spoke about the perceived disparity between Morgan's celebrated playing style and his on-air persona:

"The disconnect between Morgan the player and Morgan the announcer is one that I’m just not sure anyone has figured. Bill James tells a great story about how one time Jon Miller showed Morgan Bill's New Historical Baseball Abstract, which has Morgan ranked as the best second baseman of all time, ahead of Rogers Hornsby. Well, Morgan starts griping that this was ridiculous, that Hornsby hit .358 in his career, and Morgan never hit .358, and so on. And there it was, perfectly aligned—Joe Morgan the announcer arguing against Joe Morgan the player."[17]

In the wake of Morgan taking an official role with the Cincinnati Reds as a "special adviser to baseball operations", it was announced on November 8, 2010 that Morgan would not be returning for the 2011 season as an announcer on ESPN Sunday Night Baseball. His former broadcast partner Jon Miller's contract expired in 2010 and ESPN chose not to renew his contract. Morgan and Miller were replaced by Bobby Valentine and Dan Shulman, respectively (while ESPN retained Orel Hershiser, who joined the Sunday Night Baseball telecasts in 2010).

Video game appearances

He was also a broadcaster in the MLB 2K series from 2K Sports.

Sports USA

It was announced on June 17, 2011, that Morgan would begin a daily, one-hour general-sports-talk radio program, beginning August 22.

"While I’m best known for baseball, I’ve always had a love of all sports", Morgan said in a statement. "I’m fortunate that my career has allowed me to meet some of the most amazing people, and I have heard so many remarkable stories. With my new show, I am looking forward to sharing these stories, as well as speaking with today's sports personalities and newsmakers", Morgan concluded.[18]

Return to the Reds

On April 21, 2010, it was announced that Morgan was returning to the Reds in the role of "special adviser to baseball operations." Morgan's role is to work in both baseball and community outreach for the Reds.[19]

Morgan stressed to Marty Brennaman during the April 21 radio broadcast that he will not be involved in trade decisions for the team.

Career statistics

2,649 9,277 1,650 2,517 1,865 449 96 268 1,133 689 162 .271 .392 .427

His career fielding percentage was .981. Morgan played 2,526 games at second base, 14 games in left field, 2 games in centerfield and 3 games at third base.

See also


  1. ^ Jauss, Bill. "Morgan A Tribute To Game's 'Little Men': One Of His Idols Was Nellie Fox," Chicago Tribune (August 5, 1990).
  2. ^ "1966 – Timeline," Astros Daily. Accessed June 25, 2012.
  3. ^ Purdy, Dennis (2006). The Team-by-Team Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball. New York City: Workman Publishing Company. ISBN 0-7611-3943-5.
  4. ^ Neyer, Rob (2006). Rob Neyer's Big Book of Baseball Blunders. Simon & Schuster. p. 193.
  5. ^ Great Baseball Feats, Facts and Figures, 2008 Edition, p.152, David Nemec and Scott Flatow, A Signet Book, Penguin Group, New York, ISBN 978-0-451-22363-0
  6. ^ "Joe Morgan's Suit Protests 'Profile of Drug Dealer' That Led to Arrest : Civil rights: The former baseball star says he was unfairly targeted by police and detained at LAX because he is black. A second trial on his claim is set". Los Angeles Times. August 11, 1990.
  7. ^ "Joe Morgan testifies". The Hour. February 12, 1991.
  8. ^ "Judge Upholds Award Given to Joe Morgan". Los Angeles Times. April 30, 1991.
  9. ^ "Joe Morgan, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Bill Woessner, Defendant,andclay Searle; Los Angeles City, Defendants-appellants (two Cases), 997 F.2d 1244 (9th Cir. 1993)". June 10, 1993.
  10. ^ Bill James, The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001), 479–481.
  11. ^ "Baseball's 100 Greatest Players". The Sporting News. 1998. Retrieved July 10, 2017.
  12. ^ Sarni, Jim (October 7, 1988). "Abc Is Good Or Bad, Depending On Series". Sun Sentinel.
  13. ^ 1987-09-19 NBC GOW Intro_Cincinnati Reds at San Francisco Giants on YouTube
  14. ^ 1985 10 09 1985 NLCS Game 1 St. Louis Cardinals at Los Angeles on YouTube
  15. ^ "People & Personalities: Joe Morgan Replaces Reynolds On LLWS". Sports Business Journal. August 4, 2006. Retrieved July 10, 2017.
  16. ^ "Networks take N.Y. minute to decide baseball's two postseason money series". USA Today. October 2, 2006. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  17. ^ Roth, David (September 26, 2009). "The Sportswriting Machine". Gelf Magazine. Retrieved July 10, 2017.
  18. ^ Martin, Cam (June 17, 2011). "Joe Morgan Getting New Weekday Radio Show". Adweek. Retrieved July 10, 2017.
  19. ^ Sheldon, Mark (April 21, 2010). "Morgan returns to Reds as advisor". Retrieved July 10, 2017.

External links

Preceded by
Lou Brock
Bob Watson
George Foster
National League Player of the Month
April 1975
June 1975
August 1976
Succeeded by
Bob Watson
Dave Kingman
Steve Garvey
Preceded by
Tom Seaver
Lead color commentator, Major League Baseball on NBC
1994–2000 (with Bob Uecker from 1994–1997)
Succeeded by
1972 World Series

The 1972 World Series matched the American League champion Oakland Athletics against the National League champion Cincinnati Reds, with the Athletics winning in seven games. It was the first World Series win for the A's in 42 years, since 1930.

These two teams met again in the World Series 18 years later in 1990.

1975 World Series

The 1975 World Series of Major League Baseball was played between the Boston Red Sox (AL) and Cincinnati Reds (NL). In 2003, it was ranked by ESPN as the second-greatest World Series ever played. Cincinnati won the series in seven games.

The Cincinnati Reds recorded a franchise-high 108 victories and won the National League West division by 20 games over the Los Angeles Dodgers then defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates, three games to none, in the National League Championship Series. The Boston Red Sox won the American League East division by 4½ games over the Baltimore Orioles then defeated the three-time defending World Series champion Oakland A's, three games to none, in the American League Championship Series.

Boston star left fielder Jim Rice missed both the ALCS and the World Series due to a broken hand.

The Reds won the seventh and deciding game of the series on a ninth-inning RBI single by Joe Morgan. The sixth game of the Series was a 12-inning classic at Boston's Fenway Park culminated by a game-winning home run by Carlton Fisk to extend the series to seven games.

It was the third World Series appearance by the Reds in six years, losing in 1970 to Baltimore and in 1972 to Oakland.

Oddly, this was the fourth consecutive time that a seven-game series winner (Pittsburgh 1971, Oakland 1972, Oakland 1973, Cincinnati 1975) scored fewer runs than the losing team.

1981 San Francisco Giants season

The 1981 San Francisco Giants season was the Giants' 99th season in Major League Baseball, their 24th season in San Francisco since their move from New York following the 1957 season, and their 22nd at Candlestick Park. Giants manager Frank Robinson became the first black manager in the history of the National League. Robinson was also the first black manager in the history of the American League.

1982 San Francisco Giants season

The 1982 San Francisco Giants season was the Giants' 100th season in Major League Baseball, their 25th season in San Francisco since their move from New York following the 1957 season, and their 23rd at Candlestick Park. The team finished in third place in the National League West with an 87–75 record, 2 games behind the Atlanta Braves.

1990 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1990 followed the system in place since 1978.

The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and

elected two, Joe Morgan and Jim Palmer.

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider older major league players as well as managers, umpires, executives, and figures from the Negro Leagues.

It selected no one.

Cincinnati Reds award winners and league leaders

This article is a list of baseball players who are Cincinnati Reds players that are winners of Major League Baseball awards and recognitions, Reds awards and recognitions, and/or are league leaders in various statistical areas.


InMe are an English alternative metal band from Brentwood, Essex, formed in 1996.Inme has released six studio albums, two EPs, one "bootleg" album, one best-of compilation, one live album, one live EP and an acoustic album. A DVD of the band's Overgrown Eden show at the Highbury Garage on 18 November 2010 was released via pledgemusic as a part of the band's campaign for their fifth album The Pride. The band has had eight singles appear on the UK Top 100 Singles Chart.

Ira H. Morgan

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Joe Morgan (American football)

Joseph Morgan (born March 23, 1988) is a Canadian football wide receiver for the Saskatchewan Roughriders of the Canadian Football League (CFL). He played college football at Illinois and Walsh and was signed by the Saints as an undrafted free agent in 2011.

Joe Morgan (badminton)

Jonathan Neil Morgan (born 20 May 1979) is a Welsh male badminton player.

Joe Morgan (manager)

Joseph Michael Morgan (born November 19, 1930) is a retired American infielder, manager, coach and scout in Major League Baseball.

Joseph Morgan

Joseph or Joe Morgan may refer to:

Joseph Morgan (actor) (born 1981), best English television actor

Joseph Morgan (politician) (1898–1962), Ulster Unionist politician representing Belfast Cromac, 1953–1962

Joseph Morgan (historian), British historical compiler

Joe Morgan (born 1943), Baseball Hall of Fame second baseman

Joe Morgan (manager) (born 1930), former Major League Baseball player and Boston Red Sox manager

Joe "Pegleg" Morgan (1929–1993), Mexican Mafia godfather

Joe Morgan (rugby union) (1945–2002), New Zealand rugby union player

Joe Morgan (American football) (born 1988), American football wide receiver

Joe Morgan (badminton) (born 1979), Welsh badminton player

Joe Morgan (musician), former bass player for the English alternative rock band InMe

Joe Morgan, character in the 1942 film A-Haunting We Will Go

Joe Morgan, played the iconic Klaus Mikaelson in The Vampire Diaries and The Originals (TV series)

List of American League Championship Series broadcasters

The following is a list of the national television and radio networks and announcers that have broadcast American League Championship Series games over the years. It does include any announcers who may have appeared on local broadcasts produced by the participating teams.

List of American League Division Series broadcasters

The following is a list of the national television and radio networks and announcers who have covered the American League Division Series throughout the years. It does include any announcers who may have appeared on local radio broadcasts produced by the participating teams.

List of National League Division Series broadcasters

The following is a list of the national television and radio networks and announcers who have broadcast the National League Division Series. It does not include any announcers who may have appeared on local radio broadcasts produced by the participating teams.

Pawtucket Red Sox

The Pawtucket Red Sox (known colloquially as the PawSox) are a professional minor league baseball team based in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The team is a member of the International League and is the Triple-A affiliate of the Boston Red Sox. It plays its home games at McCoy Stadium in Pawtucket, and is the only professional baseball team in Rhode Island. Its most recent championship win was in 2014.

The franchise was first established in the Double-A Eastern League in 1970. Three years later, Boston's Triple-A affiliate in the International League replaced the Eastern League PawSox. After enduring three different owners, at least two threats to move the team elsewhere, and bankruptcy, the PawSox were purchased from the International League by local industrialist Ben Mondor in January 1977. Over the next 38 years, Mondor (who died in 2010) and his heirs stabilized the franchise and turned it into a success; it was twice (1990 and 2003) selected the winner of Baseball America's Bob Freitas Award as the top Triple-A operation in minor league baseball, led the league in total attendance three times between 2004 and 2008, and won three Governors' Cups as playoff champions.

On February 23, 2015, the team was sold to a group headed by then-Boston Red Sox president and chief executive officer Larry Lucchino and Rhode Island attorney James J. Skeffington. Thwarted in two attempts to replace McCoy Stadium with a new facility (first in adjacent Providence, then in a downtown site in Pawtucket), the PawSox announced on August 17, 2018, that they will move to Worcester, Massachusetts, 42 miles (68 km) away, in 2021.

Second baseman

In baseball and softball, second baseman is a fielding position in the infield, between second and first base. The second baseman often possesses quick hands and feet, needs the ability to get rid of the ball quickly, and must be able to make the pivot on a double play. In addition, second basemen are usually right-handed; only four left-handed throwing players have ever played second base in Major League Baseball since 1950. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the second baseman is assigned the number 4.

Good second basemen need to have very good range since they have to field balls closer to the first baseman who is often holding runners on, or moving towards the base to cover. On a batted ball to right field, the second baseman goes out towards the ball for the relay. Due to these requirements, second base is sometimes a primarily defensive position in the modern game, but there are hitting stars as well.

The Baseball Network announcers

The following is a list of announcers who called Major League Baseball telecasts for the joint venture (lasting for the 1994-1995 seasons) between Major League Baseball, ABC and NBC called The Baseball Network announcers who represented each of the teams playing in the respective games were typically paired with each other on regular season Baseball Night in America telecasts. ABC used Al Michaels, Jim Palmer, Tim McCarver and Lesley Visser as the lead broadcasting team. Meanwhile, NBC used Bob Costas, Joe Morgan, Bob Uecker and Jim Gray as their lead broadcasting team.

Walk-to-strikeout ratio

In baseball statistics, walk-to-strikeout ratio (BB/K) is a measure of a hitter's plate discipline and knowledge of the strike zone. Generally, a hitter with a good walk-to-strikeout ratio must exhibit enough patience at the plate to refrain from swinging at bad pitches and take a base on balls, but he must also have the ability to recognize pitches within the strike zone and avoid striking out. Joe Morgan and Wade Boggs are two examples of hitters with a good walk-to-strikeout ratio. A hit by pitch is not counted statistically as a walk and therefore not counted in the walk-to-strikeout ratio.

The inverse of this, the strikeout-to-walk ratio, is used to compare pitchers.

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