John Bertrand "Jocko" Conlan (December 6, 1899 – April 16, 1989) was an American baseball umpire who worked in the National League (NL) from 1941 to 1965. He had a brief career as an outfielder with the Chicago White Sox before entering umpiring. He umpired in five World Series and six All-Star Games. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1974 by the Veterans Committee.
|Outfielder / Umpire|
|Born: December 6, 1899|
|Died: April 16, 1989 (aged 89)|
|July 6, 1934, for the Chicago White Sox|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 29, 1935, for the Chicago White Sox|
|Runs batted in||31|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Member of the National|
|Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Election Method||Veterans Committee|
Beginning his professional baseball career in 1920, Conlan spent 13 years as a minor league player. Statistics are incomplete, but Conlan was known to have played with Western League teams in Wichita until 1923. He was in the International League for the next several seasons, playing for the Rochester Tribe from 1924 to 1926 and for the Newark Bears from 1927 to 1929. He spent a season with the Toledo Mud Hens of the American Association and then returned to the International League with the Montreal Royals in 1931 and 1932.
Conlan began his major league career in 1934 as a center fielder for the Chicago White Sox. In 1935, however, Conlan was presented with an unusual opportunity. During a game against the St. Louis Browns, umpire Red Ormsby fell ill due to the heat. In those days, only two umpires covered typical regular-season games, and a player with a reputation for honesty might be pressed into service if one umpire became incapacitated. Conlan was asked to fill in, and took to it well. The following year Conlan made the transition from player to umpire complete, beginning in the minor leagues.
Conlan umpired in the National League from 1941 to 1965, officiating in five World Series (1945, 1950, 1954, 1957 and 1961) and six All-Star Games (1943, 1947, 1950, 1953, 1958 and the first 1962 contest). He also umpired in the playoff series to decide the NL's regular-season champions in 1951, 1959 and 1962 (some sources erroneously credit him with umpiring in the 1946 NL playoff as well). He was the home plate umpire when Gil Hodges hit four home runs on August 31, 1950; he also umpired in the April 30, 1961 game in which Willie Mays hit four home runs. He retired after the 1964 season, but returned to work as a substitute umpire for 17 games in 1965.
Conlan was known for several trademarks: Instead of a regular dress tie like most umpires of the day wore, Conlan wore a natty bow tie for his career. Conlan further distinguished himself by making "out" calls with his left hand instead of his right. He was also the last NL umpire allowed to wear the outside chest protector, instead of the inside protector that all other NL umpires except Beans Reardon were using by then.
Manager Casey Stengel said that he admired Conlan's performance both as a player and as an umpire. He managed Conlan with the Toledo Mud Hens and described a time when Conlan broke his leg sliding into third base. He scored a run before telling anyone that he had been hurt. Though he was hitting .292 when he got hurt, Stengel gave him half of a $1,000 bonus he was supposed to get for batting .300. Stengel later said, "And as a reward for the $500 bonus I once gave him, he used to chase me oftener than anyone than any other manager in the league. But I admired him for his courage as a player and an official."
Jocko Conlan and manager Leo Durocher were both considered colorful characters, and sometimes they would clash. Durocher liked to tell of a time that he was arguing with Conlan. He attempted to kick dirt on Conlan's shoes, but slipped and actually kicked Conlan in the shins. Striking an umpire calls for automatic ejection, but first Conlan "kicked him right back", a sequence that an alert photographer also captured and which was circulated for some time. As Conlan was wearing shin guards, he was not injured by Durocher's kicks.
Conlan's name was mentioned several times in a fictitious baseball game celebrated in the 1962 song "The Los Angeles Dodgers", recorded by Danny Kaye. The song referred to Conlan only by his last name, with the presumption that the listener would know he was referring to the famous umpire. That song is contained on the CD Baseball's Greatest Hits.
The book Carl Erskine's Tales from the Dodgers Dugout: Extra Innings (2004) includes short stories from former Dodger pitcher Carl Erskine. Conlan is prominent in many of these stories.
Conlan retired to Arizona, where he enjoyed playing golf.
Upon Conlan's retirement, NL president Warren Giles said, "I know of no one who has been more dedicated to his profession, more loyal to the game in which he has been such a big party, and I hate to see him hang up his spikes."
He was never issued an umpire number having officiated before this occurred.
The 1934 Chicago White Sox season was the team's 34th season in the major leagues and its 35th season overall. They finished with a record 53–99, good enough for eighth and last place in the American League (47 games behind the first place Detroit Tigers).1935 Chicago White Sox season
The 1935 Chicago White Sox season was the team's 35th season in the major leagues, and its 36th season overall. They finished with a record 74–78, good enough for 5th place in the American League, 19.5 games behind the first place Detroit Tigers.1943 Major League Baseball All-Star Game
The 1943 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 11th playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 13, 1943, at Shibe Park in Philadelphia, the home of the Philadelphia Athletics of the American League. The game resulted in the American League defeating the National League 5–3.
This was the first major league All-Star Game scheduled as a night game.1950 Major League Baseball All-Star Game
The 1950 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 17th playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 11, 1950, at Comiskey Park in Chicago the home of the Chicago White Sox of the American League. The game resulted in the National League defeating the American League 4–3 in 14 innings. It was the first All-Star game to go into extra innings.1950 World Series
The 1950 World Series was the 47th World Series between the American and National Leagues for the championship of Major League Baseball. The Philadelphia Phillies as 1950 champions of the National League and the New York Yankees, as 1950 American League champions, competed to win a best-of-seven game series.
The Series began on Wednesday, October 4, and concluded Saturday, October 7. The Phillies had home field advantage for the Series, meaning no games would be played at the Yankees' home ballpark, Yankee Stadium, until game 3. The Yankees won their 13th championship in their 41-year history, taking the Series in a four-game sweep. The final game in the Series resulted in the New York Yankees winning, 5–2 over Philadelphia. It was the only game in the Series decided by more than one run. The 1950 World Series title would be the second of a record five straight titles for the New York Yankees (1949–1953). The two teams would not again meet in the Series for 59 years.
This was also the last all-white World Series as neither club had integrated in 1950. It was also the last World Series where television coverage was pooled between the four major networks of the day: that season, the Mutual Broadcasting System, who had long been the radio home for the World Series, purchased the TV rights despite not (and indeed, never) having a television network. They would eventually sell on the rights to NBC, beginning a long relationship with the sport.1954 World Series
The 1954 World Series matched the National League champion New York Giants against the American League champion Cleveland Indians. The Giants swept the Series in four games to win their first championship since 1933, defeating the heavily favored Indians, who had won an AL-record 111 games in the regular season (a record since broken by the 1998 New York Yankees with 114 and again by the 2001 Seattle Mariners with 116, tying the 1906 Chicago Cubs for the most wins in a season). The Series is perhaps best-remembered for "The Catch", a sensational running catch made by Giants center fielder Willie Mays in Game 1, snaring a long drive by Vic Wertz near the outfield wall with his back to the infield. It is also remembered for utility player Dusty Rhodes' clutch hitting in three of the four games, including his pinch walk-off "Chinese home run" that won Game 1, barely clearing the 258-foot (79 m) right-field fence at the Polo Grounds. Giants manager Leo Durocher, who had managed teams to three National League championships, won his first and only World Series title as a manager. The Giants, who would move west to become the San Francisco Giants, would not win a World Series again until the 2010 season.
This was the first time that the Indians had been swept in a World Series and the first time that the Giants had swept an opponent in four games (their 1922 World Series sweep included a controversial tie game). Game 2 was the last World Series and playoff game at the Polo Grounds, and Game 4 was the last World Series and playoff game at Cleveland Stadium. The Indians would be kept out of the World Series until 1995, a year after Jacobs Field opened.1962 National League tie-breaker series
The 1962 National League tie-breaker series was a three-game playoff series at the conclusion of Major League Baseball's (MLB) 1962 regular season to determine the winner of the National League (NL) pennant. The games were played from October 1 to 3, 1962, between the Los Angeles Dodgers and the San Francisco Giants. The Giants won the series, two games to one. The first game took place at Candlestick Park and the second and third were played at Dodger Stadium. The playoff series was necessary after both teams finished the season with identical win–loss records of 101–61. The Dodgers won a coin flip late in the season, which gave them home field advantage for the series.
The Giants won the first game in an 8–0 shutout by starting pitcher Billy Pierce over Sandy Koufax. The Dodgers evened the series with an 8–7 victory in Game 2, breaking their 35-inning scoreless streak in what was then the longest nine-inning game in MLB history. However, the Giants closed out the series in Game 3 with a 6–4 victory to clinch the NL pennant. This victory advanced the Giants to the 1962 World Series in which the defending champion New York Yankees defeated them in seven games. In baseball statistics, the tie-breaker series counted as the 163rd, 164th, and 165th regular-season games for both teams, with all events in the series added to regular-season statistics.
The 1962 series was the fourth tie-breaker playoff in the National League's 87 years of operation, with all four happening within 17 years, following 1946, 1951 and 1959. Moreover, all four involved the Dodgers' franchise, which won one of those series (1959's) and lost the other three. It was the last MLB tie-breaker to use a best-of-three games format, as the NL subsequently adopted the single-game style used in the American League (AL).1974 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting
Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1974 followed the system in place since 1971.
The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and
elected two, Whitey Ford and Mickey Mantle.
The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider executives, managers, umpires, and earlier major league players.
It selected three people: Jim Bottomley, Jocko Conlan, and Sam Thompson.
The Negro Leagues Committee also met in person and selected Cool Papa Bell.1974 Major League Baseball season
The 1974 Major League Baseball season. The Oakland Athletics won their third consecutive World Series, defeating the Los Angeles Dodgers four games to one.
Two notable personal milestones were achieved during the 1974 season. The first came on April 8, when Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves blasted his 715th career home run, breaking the all-time career home run mark of 714 set by Babe Ruth. Aaron would finish his career with 755 home runs, a record that would stand until Barry Bonds broke it in 2007. The second milestone came on September 10, when the St. Louis Cardinals' Lou Brock stole his 105th base off pitcher Dick Ruthven and catcher Bob Boone of the Philadelphia Phillies. This broke the single-season stolen base record of 104, set by Maury Wills in 1962. Brock stole 118 bases, a record that would stand until 1982, when Rickey Henderson stole 130.Conlan
Conlan is a surname of Irish origin. In its original Gaelic form it was spelt a number of different ways, resulting in many English-language versions, such as Conlon, Connellan, etc.
The O'Connellans were chiefs of Crioch Tullach, in County Tyrone. O'Conalláin (O'Connellan or O'Kendellan) were princes of Ui Laeghari or "Ive-Leary" in the tenth and eleventh centuries, an extensive territory in the counties of Meath and Westmeath (O'Coindealbhain, O'Connialláin, O'Connolláin, O'Connellan). Branches of this family in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries settled in the counties of Roscommon, Galway and Mayo.Notable people with the surname include:
Bernard Conlan (1923–2013), British Labour Party politician
Craig Conlan, Scottish comics writer and artist
Dennis Conlan (1838–1870), American Civil War soldier
Greg Conlan (born 1963), Australian footballer
Jason Conlan (born 1971), New Zealand cartoonist
Jocko Conlan (1899–1989), American Hall of Fame umpire
John Bertrand Conlan (born 1930, son of Jocko Conlan), American lawyer and Republican politician
John Conlan (Kildare politician), Irish politician and farmer
John Conlan (Monaghan politician) (1928–2004), Irish Fine Gael politician, grocer and publican
Joseph Conlan, American film score composer
Michael Conlan (born 1991), Irish boxer
Matthew Conlan (born 1993) Irish hurler, for County Down
Martin E. Conlan (1849–1923), Democratic state legislator in South Dakota
Matt Conlan, Australian politician
Michael Conlan (born 1958, son of Neil Conlan), former Australian footballer in the Victorian Football League
Neil Conlan (1936-1978), Australian footballer
Shane Conlan (born 1964), former professional American football player
Bradford Conlan (born 1981), American Biotech CEOFictional characters:
Molly Conlan McKinnon, character from the CBS Soap As The World Turns
"Pretty" Ricky Conlan is a light heavyweight boxer from Liverpool, England, and the main antagonist in CreedCompanies:
Conlan ApS - Danish based Access Control Security manufacturer. Also operates in Germany as Conlan Gmbh.Doug Harvey (umpire)
Harold Douglas Harvey (March 13, 1930 – January 13, 2018) was an umpire in Major League Baseball (MLB), who worked in the National League (NL) from 1962 through 1992.
Noted for his authoritative command of baseball rules, he earned the tongue-in-cheek nickname "God" from players, and was among the last major league umpires who never attended an umpiring school. Harvey umpired five World Series and seven All-Star Games. His career total of 4,673 games ranked third in major league history at the time of his retirement. In 2010, he became the ninth umpire to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.In 1999, the Society for American Baseball Research ranked Harvey as the second-greatest umpire in history, behind only Bill Klem. In 2007, Referee magazine selected him as one of the 52 most influential figures in the history of sports officiating. Harvey wore uniform number 8 for most of his career.Elmer Sexauer
Elmer George Sexauer (May 21, 1926 – June 27, 2011) was a Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher. He was an alumnus of Wake Forest University.
Sexauer made his Major League Baseball debut with the Brooklyn Dodgers on September 6, 1948, and appeared in his final game on September 12, 1948.
The book Carl Erskine's Tales from the Dodgers Dugout: Extra Innings (2004) includes short stories from former Dodger pitcher Carl Erskine. Sexauer is prominent in one of these stories, entitled "Elmer and Jocko". The story chronicles a memorable interaction between Sexauer and Hall of Fame umpire Jocko Conlan. An unknown Dodger had thrown a towel on the field towards Conlan, however, Conlan did not spot the culprit. The umpire approached Dodger manager Burt Shotton, informing him that someone was going to be ejected for the incident. Although Shotton was also unaware of who threw the towel, he offered up Sexauer to Conlan, since Sexauer was a rookie who had just been brought up from the minors. Before having thrown a single pitch in the majors, Sexauer had been ejected. Although he had not thrown the towel, Sexauer left the field to a chorus of boos from the opposing crowd.Jocko
Jocko is a nickname, often for John or Joseph. Notable people named Jocko include:
Jocko Anderson (born 1892), Canadian professional ice hockey player
Jocko Clark (1893–1971), Native American US Navy admiral
Jocko Collins, National Basketball Association referee and supervisor of officials
Jocko Conlan (1899–1989), American Hall-of-Fame Major League Baseball umpire
Jocko Conlon (born 1897), Major League Baseball player
Jocko Cunningham, former racing driver who competed in the SCCA/ECAR Formula Atlantic series from 1986 to 1990
Jocko Fields (1864–1950), Major League Baseball player
Jocko Flynn (1864–1907), Major League Baseball pitcher
Joaquín "Jack" García (born 1952), retired undercover FBI agent
Jack Gotta (1929–2013), American football player, coach and general manager, mainly in the Canadian Football League
Jocko Halligan (1868–1945), Major League Baseball player
Jocko Henderson (1918–2000), American radio personality
Luke Johnson (musician) (born 1981), English rock musician, drummer and songwriter
Jocko Maggiacomo (born 1947), NASCAR Winston Cup series driver
Jocko Marcellino (born 1950), American singer, musician, songwriter, producer, actor and one of the founders of the American rock and roll group Sha Na Na
Sherman Maxwell (1907–2008), African-American sportscaster and chronicler of Negro league baseball
Jocko Milligan (1861–1923), Major League Baseball catcher
Jack Nelson (American football) (1927–1978), American college and National Football League coach
Jocko Sims, American actor best known for his role as Anthony Adams (aka Panic) on the Starz network series Crash
Gwyn Thomas (reporter) (1913–2010), Canadian crime reporter
Jocko Thompson (1917–1988), Major League Baseball pitcher
John "Jocko" Willink (born 1972), retired United States Navy SEAL, author of Extreme Ownership, host of Jocko PodcastJocko Conlon
Not to be confused with Jocko Conlan.Arthur Joseph "Jocko" Conlon (December 10, 1897 – August 5, 1987) was a professional baseball player for the Boston Braves in Major League Baseball. Conlon was an alumnus of Harvard College, class of 1922, where he captained the Crimson baseball team.Baseball Reference lists no minor league statistics for Conlon; his one season in professional baseball was spent in MLB with the Braves.After his brief baseball career, Conlon became a businessman.John Conlan
John Conlan may refer to:
Jocko Conlan (1899–1989), Hall of Fame baseball umpire
John Bertrand Conlan (born 1930), U.S. Representative from Arizona, and son of the umpire
John Conlan (Kildare politician), Irish Farmers' Party politician, represented Kildare in the 1920s
John Conlan (Monaghan politician) (1928–2004), Irish Fine Gael politicianMajor League Baseball umpiring records
The following include various records set by umpires in Major League Baseball. Leagues are abbreviated as follows:
AA – American Association, 1882–1891
AL – American League, 1901–1999
FL – Federal League, 1914–1915
ML – Major League Baseball, 2000–present (AL and NL umpiring staffs were merged in 2000)
NL – National League, 1876–1999
PL – Players' League, 1890Oscar Johnson (baseball)
Oscar "Heavy" Johnson (1895–1960) was a baseball player in the Negro Leagues. He played catcher and outfielder. Johnson was one of the Negro League's foremost power hitters in the 1920s, reportedly weighing 250 pounds, and known for hitting home runs. Longtime MLB umpire Jocko Conlan once said that Johnson "could hit a ball out of any park."Johnson was part of the all-black 25th Infantry Wreckers, a teammate of other future Negro Leaguers including Bullet Rogan, Lemuel Hawkins, and Dobie Moore. He briefly played for the St. Louis Giants in 1920 while on Army furlough, hitting .300 in 3 games, but did not join the Negro Leagues until his discharge in 1922. In his rookie season with the Kansas City Monarchs, Johnson batted .406, and posted a .345 average in the Cuban winter league. Johnson won a retroactive triple crown in 1923 with a .406 batting average, 20 home runs and 120 RBI in 98 games. Johnson was also the first member of the Monarchs to hit a home run at the new Kansas City Municipal Stadium. Johnson was credited with more than 60 home runs against all opposition in 1924, and batted .296 in the 1924 Colored World Series, which was won by the Monarchs. Johnson then moved to the Baltimore Black Sox, where he posted averages of .345 and .337 in his 2 seasons with the club. In 1927, with the Harrisburg Giants, Johnson hit .316, teaming with John Beckwith and Oscar Charleston. Johnson split the 1928 season between the Cleveland Tigers and the Memphis Red Sox, posting a .315 average overall.Former pitcher Bill "Plunk" Drake said that Johnson was once sleeping on the bench when he was awoken and told to pinch-hit; he grabbed a fungo bat and hit a home run. Despite Johnson's weight, he was described as a "remarkably fast runner for his bulk." He was also described as temperamental and moody, one of the "nasty boys". Johnson finished his career in 1933 with a .337 lifetime batting average.Warren Brown (sportswriter)
Warren Brown (January 3, 1894 – November 19, 1978) was an American sportswriter who spent the major portion of his career in Chicago, Illinois. Brown was named the J. G. Taylor Spink Award winner in 1973 by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and was inducted the same year as Mickey Mantle, Whitey Ford and umpire Jocko Conlan.Wichita Aviators (baseball)
The Wichita Aviators were a minor league baseball team based in Wichita, Kansas.
The club played mostly in the Western League. However, the club began play as the Wichita Jobbers, a member of the Western Association. The Jobbers played in the Western Association from 1905-1908, winning the league championship in 1905 and 1907. The 1907 Jobbers were recognized as one of the 100 greatest minor league teams of all time.The Jobbers then moved to the Western League, where they played until midway through their 1911 season. That year, the team relocated to Pueblo, Colorado, where they finished out the year as the Pueblo Indians.
However, a team representing Wichita was fielded in 1912 to compete in the Western League. The Wichita Witches played continuously in the league until 1916. The team finished their 1916 season in Colorado Springs, Colorado as the Colorado Springs Millionaires, before returning to Wichita in 1917. The team was again renamed the Jobbers from 1918-1920, before retaking the Witches moniker as they won their third league title, the first in the Western League, in 1921. From 1923-1926, the club was renamed the Wichita Izzies, and they took the name the Wichita Larks from 1927-1929.
In 1919, Jobbers outfielder Joe Wilhoit posted the longest hitting streak in professional baseball history. The 33-year-old, who had spent much of the previous three seasons in the majors, hit safely in 69 consecutive games. Wilhoit's streak lasted from June 14 to August 19, during which he was 153-for-297 for a .515 batting average. He would lead the Western League with a .422 batting average and 211 hits before finishing the season (and his big league career) with the Boston Red Sox.
Multiple Izzies players had or would go on to have major league experience.
1923: Johnny Butler, Joe Casey, Jocko Conlan, Howie Gregory, Ed Hovlik, Ernie Maun, Hugh McMullen, Paul Musser1924: Fred Beck, Butler, Archie Campbell, Chuck Corgan, Gregory, Hovlik, McMullen, Musser1925: Campbell, Chet Chadbourne, Corgan, Fred Graf, Gregory, Raymond Haley, Don Hankins, Hovlik, McMullen, Ray Morehart, Ken Penner, Bill Sweeney1926: Jack Berly, Fred Brickell, Campbell, Pete Compton, Bill Doran, Gregory, Haley, SweeneyIn 1920, the club was renamed the Wichita Aviators, and from 1930-1931 they became an affiliate of the Pittsburgh Pirates. In 1931, the Aviators won their second Western league title, and fourth overall league title. The Aviators affiliation changed in 1932 from the Pirates to the Chicago Cubs.
Former Aviators include Indian Bob Johnson, Woody Jensen, Vern Kennedy, Jack Mealey, and Hall of Famer Arky Vaughan.In 1933 the Wichita Aviators became the Wichita Oilers. After beginning the year 6-13, the club moved to Muskogee, Oklahoma, where they became the Muskogee Oilers. Overall the Oilers were 26-95, one of the worst records ever posted in the Western League. The club was just 20-82 after leaving Wichita, and only went 8-57 in the second half. The Oilers did not return in 1934 and Wichita would not have another team until the Wichita Indians began play in 1950.
|Negro League Committee|
|J. G. Taylor Spink Award|
Italics denotes players who have been voted in but not yet inducted.