Jock Sutherland

John Bain "Jock" Sutherland (March 21, 1889[1][2] – April 11, 1948) was an American football player and coach. He coached college football at Lafayette College (1919–1923) and the University of Pittsburgh (1924–1938) and professional football for the Brooklyn Dodgers (1940–1941) and Pittsburgh Steelers (1946–1947). He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1951.

Jock Sutherland
Jock Sutherland poses for the 1939 Owl, Pitt's annual student yearbook
Sutherland pictured in the 1939 Owl, Pitt's annual student yearbook
Position:End
Personal information
Born:March 21, 1889[1][2]
Coupar Angus, Scotland
Died:April 11, 1948 (aged 59)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Career information
College:Pittsburgh
Career history
As player:
As coach:
As administrator:
Career highlights and awards
Military career
AllegianceUnited States United States
Service/branchUnited States Navy seal U.S. Navy
Years of service1941–46
RankUS-O4 insignia.svg Lt. Commander
Battles/warsWorld War II
Coaching stats at PFR

Biography

A native of Coupar Angus in Scotland, Sutherland got his start in football by playing end at the University of Pittsburgh, commonly known as Pitt, under legendary coach Glenn Scobey "Pop" Warner. Sutherland was named an All-American and played on Pitt's national championship teams in 1915 and 1916.

Sutherland also played on Pitt's undefeated 1917 team. The 1917 team was known as "The Fighting Dentists" because on occasion every position was filled by dental students.[5] The dental students on the 1917 team included Sutherland,[6] Katy Easterday,[7] Skip Gougler,[8] "Tank" McLaren[9] and "Jake" Stahl.[10] Sutherland also lettered in wrestling and captained the track and field team at Pitt for which he specialized in the hammer throw, discus, and shot put. He was also a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity, Psi Omega national dental fraternity, Omicron Delta Kappa, and the Druids Society, a secret society at the university.[11] Sutherland graduated from the University of Pittsburgh's School of Dentistry, where he also held a professorship in the instruction of bridge and crown.[6]

Coaching

In 1919, Sutherland played in a few games with the Massillon Tigers of the Ohio League, which was the direct predecessor to the modern National Football League. However, he soon left the team and began his head coaching career at Lafayette College from 1919 to 1923, leading the Leopards to the 1921 Eastern Collegiate Championship.[12]

University of Pittsburgh

Sutherland Owl1938pg246
Sutherland in 1937

In 1924, Sutherland replaced "Pop" Warner, his former coach and mentor, as head coach at Pitt. Sutherland, who was described as "a national hero" in a Saturday Evening Post article,[13] became a highly admired and influential coach at the University while compiling a record of 111–20–12. On offense, he ran a double-wing formation known as the "Sutherland Scythe".[14] He was known for his calm and direct demeanor, never shouting or ranting to motivate his team.[15]

During his tenure, Sutherland's teams were named Eastern football champions seven times including 1925, 1927, 1929, 1931, 1934, 1936, and 1937.[16] During this time, Pitt appeared in four Rose Bowl games (1928, 1930, 1933, and 1937) and turned down a bid for the 1938 Rose Bowl.[14] Sutherland's teams were named "National Champions" by various selectors for nine different seasons including 1925, 1927, 1929, 1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, and 1938.[17][18] Of these, the University of Pittsburgh officially recognizes five of those years as national championship seasons (1929, 1931, 1934, 1936, and 1937),[18] while one of them, 1937, includes the Associated Press national championship designation which, at the time, was only the third instance in which the AP poll had been published. Sutherland coached the famed "Dream Backfield" of John Chickerneo, Dick Cassiano, Harold Stebbins, and Marshall Goldberg, which at the time was considered to be the best backfield in history by some, including Don Miller, a member of The Four Horsemen of Notre Dame.[19]

After years of struggling with the University for sustained financial support, Sutherland resigned in 1938 because the school's Chancellor, John Gabbert Bowman, instituted a policy of de-emphasis for the football program, eliminating athletic scholarships, student athlete stipends, and the recruiting funds. Bowman's moves, which resulted in Sutherland's departure, were controversial among students and supporters of the football program.[20]

As of 2009, his career coaching record of 144–28–14 in 20 seasons at the collegiate level, an .812 winning percentage, is the 25th best winning percentage in all divisions of college football[21] and 11th best among coaches from the top division,[22] currently known as the Division I FBS. His .812 winning percentage is also the 5th best such mark during the first 20 years of any coaches' career.[23] He is also tied for the 23rd fewest games to reach 100 victories, accomplished in his 132nd game as coach.[24]

Professional football and military service

Sutherland later coached in the National Football League with the Brooklyn Dodgers for two seasons, 1940–41, before leaving the team to serve the United States during World War II.

During the war, Sutherland served in the United States Navy and achieved the rank of Lieutenant commander.[25]

Upon returning to the United States, Sutherland landed with the Pittsburgh Steelers, where he was head coach and team vice president.[25] He led the Steelers to their first playoff appearance in 1947.

Sudden illness and death

While on a scouting trip for the Steelers in April 1948, Sutherland was found in his car in Bandana, Kentucky, where he was experiencing confusion and was then taken to a hospital in Cairo, Illinois, where he was initially diagnosed with "nervous exhaustion".[25][26] He was flown back to Pittsburgh for further treatment. An exploratory surgery was required to determine whether he was suffering from a hemorrhage or a tumor.[25] Sutherland died in Pittsburgh on April 11, 1948, following surgery to remove a malignant brain tumor.[27] He is interred in Pittsburgh's Homewood Cemetery.

Honors

JockCoaching Owl36pg227
Sutherland running a practice at Pitt in 1935

Sutherland was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1951 as a coach. He is memorialized on the Pitt campus with a street, Sutherland Drive, and the student residence Sutherland Hall.

Head coaching record

College

Year Team Overall Conference Standing Bowl/playoffs AP#
Lafayette (Independent) (1919–1923)
1919 Lafayette 6–2
1920 Lafayette 5–3
1921 Lafayette 9–0
1922 Lafayette 7–2
1923 Lafayette 6–1–2
Lafayette: 33–8–2
Pittsburgh Panthers (Independent) (1924–1938)
1924 Pittsburgh 5–3–1
1925 Pittsburgh 8–1
1926 Pittsburgh 5–2–2
1927 Pittsburgh 8–1–1 L Rose
1928 Pittsburgh 6–2–1
1929 Pittsburgh 9–1 L Rose
1930 Pittsburgh 6–2–1
1931 Pittsburgh 8–1
1932 Pittsburgh 8–1–2 L Rose
1933 Pittsburgh 8–1
1934 Pittsburgh 8–1
1935 Pittsburgh 7–1–2
1936 Pittsburgh 8–1–1 W Rose 3
1937 Pittsburgh 9–0–1 1
1938 Pittsburgh 8–2 8
Pittsburgh: 111–20–12
Total: 144–28–1
      National championship         Conference title         Conference division title or championship game berth

[28]

*The Pittsburgh Panthers claim a share of the 1934 national championship per a 1970 Sports Illustrated study on national championships that the school has used since its publication as the basis of its claims.[29] However, this championship is not included in the Official NCAA Records Book's list of national champions.

References

Bibliography

  • Alberts, Robert C. (2006) [1986]. Pitt: The Story of the University of Pittsburgh 1787–1987 (TIFF) (Digital ed.). Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 543. ISBN 0-8229-1150-7. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
  • Campbell, Richard M.; Johnson, Gary K.; Straziscar, Sean; Hamilton, J.D.; Williams, Jeff; Worlock, David; Wright, Jim; Nagdeman, Kyle (August 2009). Official 2009 NCAA Division I Football Records Book (PDF). Indianapolis, Indiana: National Collegiate Athletic Association. p. 235. ISSN 0735-5475. Retrieved December 15, 2009.
  • Jock Sutherland: Architect of Men. Harry G. Scott. New York, NY: Exposition Press, 1954.

Citations

  1. ^ a b "Jock Sutherland (American football coach)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Sutherland Resigns Head Football Coaching Job At U. Of Pittsburgh". The Sun. Baltimore, Maryland. March 6, 1939. Dr. John B. (Jock) Sutherland ... will be 50 years old on March 21
  3. ^ Campbell, et al.: p 4
  4. ^ Scott, Harry G. (1954). Jock Sutherland: Architect of Men. New York: Exposition Press. p. 220. ASIN B003AX9W9Y. LCCN 54-9996.
  5. ^ "50th Anniversary: Last Unbeaten Pitt Team, 1917 'Fighting Dentists', Will Be Honored Saturday". Daily Courier. November 2, 1967.
  6. ^ a b "Jimmy Phelan to Fulfill Promise Of Coaching Job". Nevada State Journal. December 12, 1936.
  7. ^ "All-American Gridder: Former Wildcat Mentor Retires". Leader Times. Kittanning, Pennsylvania. July 6, 1959. (Easterday graduated from Pitt in 1919 with a degree in dentistry.)
  8. ^ "'Skip' Gougler New Coach is Training Backfield Player". The Lafayette. October 5, 1921. (Gougler completed his education in dentistry at Pitt in 1920.)
  9. ^ "Pitt Crack Athletes Secure Coaching Jobs". Altoona Mirror. April 30, 1919. [McLaren] graduates from the university dental school in June.
  10. ^ "Dr. Stahl was dentist in Hampton". North Hills News Record. October 12, 1966.
  11. ^ Scott, Harry G. (1954). Jock Sutherland: Architect of Men. New York, NY: Exposition Press. pp. 43–47. ASIN B003AX9W9Y. LCCN 54-9996.
  12. ^ P.F.R.A. Research (1979). "Sutherland" (PDF). Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association. 1 (9): 1–3.
  13. ^ Alberts, p. 158
  14. ^ a b Wallace, William N. (October 15, 1994). "COLLEGE FOOTBALL; This Pitt Backfield Is Still a Dream". The New York Times. Associated Press. p. 30, section 1. Retrieved December 10, 2009. They ran an offense called the Sutherland Scythe after Coach Jock Sutherland, a titan of his time. It was a precision double-wing attack that ravaged opponents. But more distinctive than its offensive power game was the players' decision at the end of the season to turn down an invitation to play in the Rose Bowl.
  15. ^ Rice, Grantland (Oct 20, 1938). "The Blade of the Sutherland Scythe" (PDF). Utica Observer-Dispatch. p. 11-A. Retrieved December 10, 2009. Sutherland manages to keep his players at a high level all season by coaching them in a calm, professional manner. Dressing room histrionics have no part in his system. There are no blood-tingling pep talks from the doctor before a game or between halves. Before a game he tells the players what he wants them to do. Between halves he tells them wherein they have failed to do it. If they are trailing at the half he doesn't try to whip them to a fury by yelling at them, pleading with them or shedding tears over the disaster that is about to befall the old school. He merely points out their mistakes...
  16. ^ University of Pittsburgh 1975 Football Media Guide. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: University of Pittsburgh. 1975. p. 54. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
  17. ^ "Pittsburgh Total National Championships". CFBDataWarehouse.com. College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on July 4, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
  18. ^ a b Hursen, Steve (2007). "Panther History: Pitt Football 2006" (PDF). 2007 Pitt Football Media Guide (PDF)|format= requires |url= (help). University of Pittsburgh. p. 176. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
  19. ^ Moshier, Jeff (October 25, 1938). "Playing square". The Evening Independent. St. Petersburg, Florida. p. 8. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
  20. ^ Alberts, p. 167
  21. ^ Campbell, et al.: p 216
  22. ^ Campbell, et al.: p 219
  23. ^ Campbell, et al.: p 223
  24. ^ Campbell, et al.: p 225
  25. ^ a b c d "Jock Sutherland's Condition Serious". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. April 11, 1948. p. 25. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
  26. ^ "SUTHERLAND STAYS IN CAIRO HOSPITAL; Football Worries Blamed for Steeler Coach's Breakdown -- General Condition Good". The New York Times. Associated Press. April 9, 1948. p. 32, Sports sect. Retrieved December 10, 2009. Coach John B. (Jock) Sutherland, 59, of the National Football League's Pittsburgh Steelers was in a hospital today reported suffering from either a nervous breakdown or amnesia. Sutherland, on a talent scouting trip through the South, was found in a dazed condition in his mired automobile in Bandana, Ky., yesterday.
  27. ^ "Sutherland Dies Following Brain Surgery". Ellensburg Daily Record. Ellensburg, Washington. Associated Press. April 12, 1948. p. 8. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
  28. ^ David DeLassus, All-Time Coaching Records:Dr. John B. "Jock" Sutherland, College Football Data Warehouse, August 5, 2010.
  29. ^ Jenkins, Dan (September 11, 1967). "This Year The Fight Will Be In The Open". Sports Illustrated. Chicago, IL: Time, Inc. 27 (11): 30–33. Retrieved 2009-04-29.

External links

1916 Pittsburgh Panthers football team

The 1916 Pittsburgh Panthers football team represented the University of Pittsburgh in the 1916 college football season. Led by coach Pop Warner, the Panthers won all eight games and outscored their opponents by a combined total of 255 to 25. The team was retroactively selected as the national champion by the Billingsley Report (using its alternate "margin of victory" methodology), Helms Athletic Foundation, Houlgate System, and National Championship Foundation, and as a co-national champion with Army by Parke H. Davis.The lone scare of the 1916 season occurred at Navy when, following a delay of the team's train heading to Annapolis that caused a late arrival, the team overcame several fumbles and eked out a 20–19 victory. The 1916 team was led by center Bob Peck, Pitt's first First Team All-American, and All-American end James Pat Herron, as well as All-Americans fullback Andy Hastings and guard "Tiny" Thornhill. Also on that team were Jock Sutherland and H.C. "Doc" Carlson who would go on to become perhaps Pitt's most legendary coaches in football and basketball, respectively. This Pitt Panthers football team was given the nickname "the greatest eleven in the world."

The 1916 team was selected or recognized as national champions by multiple NCAA-designated major selectors in the official NCAA football records book. The team is also recognized as the national champions by College Football Data Warehouse, as well as a 1970 Sports Illustrated study that has served as the historical basis of the university's historical national championship claims since its original publication.

1917 Pittsburgh Panthers football team

The 1917 Pittsburgh Panthers football team represented the University of Pittsburgh in the 1917 college football season. Led by coach Pop Warner, the Panthers won all ten games and outscored their opponents by a combined total of 260–31.The Panthers were nicknamed "The Fighting Dentists" because during some rotations all eleven players on the field would be dentistry students. One of those players was Pitt Panthers legend Jock Sutherland.

1918 Camp Greenleaf football team

The 1918 Camp Greenleaf football team represented Camp Greenleaf of Fort Oglethorpe during the 1918 college football season. Jock Sutherland was on the team. The team challenged Georgia Tech to a game, but Tech declined.

Andrew W. Smith was the coach until he was selected in November 1918 to serve overseas.

1921 Lafayette football team

The 1921 Lafayette football team represented Lafayette College in the 1921 college football season. Lafayette shut out five of its nine opponents and finished with an undefeated 9–0 record in their third year under head coach and College Football Hall of Fame inductee, Jock Sutherland. Significant games included victories over Pittsburgh (6–0), Penn (38–6), and Lehigh (28–6). The 1921 Lafayette team outscored its opponents by a combined total of 274 to 26. Lafayette guard Frank Schwab was a consensus first-team selection on the 1921 College Football All-America Team. The team also included fullback George Seasholtz, who went on to play in the National Football League. The team was retroactively selected as a 1921 co-national champion by the Boand System and Parke H. Davis.

1928 Rose Bowl

The 1928 Rose Bowl Game was a match between Stanford (7–2–1) and the Pittsburgh Panthers (8–0–1). Usually, the Rose Bowl was played on January 1, but in 1928, that fell on a Sunday, so the game was played on January 2, 1928. At this time, the Rose Bowl was the top and only bowl game, an east-vs.-west matchup. Stanford won the game, 7–6.

1929 Pittsburgh Panthers football team

The 1929 Pittsburgh Panthers football team, coached by Jock Sutherland, represented the University of Pittsburgh in the 1929 college football season. The Panthers finished the regular season undefeated and were considered the champions of the East, and by some, a national championship team. The Panthers concluded the season by traveling by train to California where they lost to USC in the Rose Bowl. Bowls at the time were still widely considered to be exhibition games, and the loss did not prevent football historian Parke H. Davis, recognized as a "major selector" in the official NCAA football records book, from naming Pitt as that season's national champion. The team is also recognized as national champion in 1929 by College Football Data Warehouse and according to a Sports Illustrated study that has served as the historical basis of the university's historical national championship claims since its original publication.

1931 Pittsburgh Panthers football team

The 1931 Pittsburgh Panthers football team, coached by Jock Sutherland, represented the University of Pittsburgh in the 1931 college football season. The Panthers finished the regular season with eight wins and a single loss at Notre Dame and were considered the champions of the East. Parke H. Davis, recognized as a "major selector" in the official NCAA football records book, named Pitt as one of that season's co-national champions. The team is also recognized as national champion in 1931 by College Football Data Warehouse and according to a Sports Illustrated study that has served as the historical basis of the university's historical national championship claims since its original publication.

1934 Pittsburgh Panthers football team

The 1934 Pittsburgh Panthers football team, coached by Jock Sutherland, represented the University of Pittsburgh in the 1934 college football season. The Panthers finished the regular season with eight wins and a single loss (to Minnesota at home) and were considered the champions of the East. According to a 1967 Sports Illustrated article, Parke H. Davis, whose selections from 1869–1933 are recognized as "major" in the official NCAA football records book, named Pitt as one of that season's national champions, along with Minnesota, six months after his death on June 5, 1934. The article contained a "list of college football's mythical champions as selected by every recognized authority since 1924," which has served as the basis of the university's historical national championship claims, with the legendary Davis having been the only major selector for three of them, including the posthumous 1934 pick.

1938 Pittsburgh Panthers football team

The 1938 Pittsburgh Panthers football team represented the University of Pittsburgh in the 1938 college football season. The team compiled an 8–2 record in their final season under fifteenth-year head coach Jock Sutherland, and were ranked eighth in the final AP Poll.

1946 Pittsburgh Steelers season

The 1946 Pittsburgh Steelers season was the franchise's 14th season in the National Football League (NFL). The team finished the season with a record of 5–5–1. This season marked the first of two seasons played with Jock Sutherland as head coach.

Brooklyn Dodgers (NFL)

The Brooklyn Dodgers were an American football team that played in the National Football League from 1930 to 1943, and in 1944 as the Brooklyn Tigers. The team played its home games at Ebbets Field of the baseball National League's team, the Brooklyn Dodgers. In 1945, because of financial difficulties and the increasing scarcity of major league-level players because of the war-time defense requirements at the height of World War II, the team was merged with the Boston Yanks and were known as the Yanks for that season.

This old NFL franchise was not related to the earlier (second incarnation) American Football League II with a franchise that played as the Brooklyn Tigers for the first half of the 1936 season before moving to Rochester, New York and playing as the Rochester Tigers. Another NFL team that played in the Brooklyn borough was the Brooklyn Lions (which became the Brooklyn Horsemen after merging with a team from an earlier first incarnation AFL of the same name) in 1926.

In 1946, co-owner and partner Dan Topping (1912–1974) pulled the Tigers team out of the old NFL and placed it in the newly established rival professional league – the All-America Football Conference, which shortly lasted until 1949 until several stronger teams from the AAFC merged with and entered a reorganized NFL in 1950. It lasted until 1970 with the NFL-AFL (third) merger following the establishment of the first "Super Bowl" inter-league national championship game three years before with the old NFL champions playing the victors of the latest rival fourth incarnation of the American Football League IV, formed in 1960 (now the American Football Conference (AFC).

Jock Sutherland (basketball)

Charles "Jock" Sutherland (born March 14, 1928) is a basketball coach from Lexington, Kentucky, who was inducted into the Kentucky Athletic Hall of Fame.

John Derg Sutherland

John Derg Sutherland (23 April 1905 – 14 June 1991), also known as Jock Sutherland, was a Scottish physician, psychoanalyst and theorist, notable also for his role as Medical Director of the Tavistock Clinic.

John Gabbert Bowman

John Gabbert Bowman (May 18, 1877 – December 2, 1962) was the tenth Chancellor (1921–1945) of the University of Pittsburgh and the ninth President (1911–1914) of the University of Iowa.

He is best known for initiating and completing the 42-story Cathedral of Learning, the centerpiece of Pitt's campus, over the objections of many faculty and community members. At the time, it was the tallest educational structure in the world. He also established the University of Pittsburgh Press and oversaw the institution of controversial athletic policies that resulted in the resignation in popular head football coach Jock Sutherland.

List of Lafayette Leopards football seasons

The following is a list of Lafayette Leopards football seasons for the football team that has represented Lafayette College in NCAA competition.

List of Pittsburgh Panthers football seasons

This is a list of Pittsburgh Panthers football seasons, national championships and quarterbacks. The Pittsburgh Panthers football team is the American football team of the University of Pittsburgh in Pittsburgh. The team competes in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision. The Panthers have been members of the Atlantic Coast Conference since 2013. From 1991 to 2012 they were members of the Big East Conference. Before 1991 they competed as an independent.

The Panthers began play in 1890. In total, the University officially recognizes nine national championships based on research published by Sports Illustrated in 1970. The NCAA's record book lists Pittsburgh as being selected for a national championship by "major selectors" in eleven different seasons. Research by College Football Data Warehouse (CFBDW) has found that Pitt was selected as a national champion in 16 different seasons by at least one selector of championships. Of these, CFBDW officially recognizes six as national championship seasons for the University of Pittsburgh.

List of Pittsburgh Panthers head football coaches

The Pittsburgh Panthers football program is a college football team that represents the University of Pittsburgh in the Atlantic Coast Conference, a part of the Division I Football Bowl Subdivision. The team has had 36 head coaches since its first recorded football game in 1893.

List of Pittsburgh Steelers head coaches

The Pittsburgh Steelers franchise has had 16 head coaches throughout its history. Founded as the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1933, the name was changed to the Steelers prior to the 1941 season to celebrate the city's heritage of producing steel. Joe Bach served two separate terms as head coach and Walt Kiesling served three separate terms. During the 1943 and 1944 seasons, due to the number of players who fought in World War II, the Steelers combined their team with Philadelphia and Chicago, respectively. During these seasons, Kiesling shared coaching duties with Greasy Neale and Phil Handler, who have not been included within this list.

Struggling for much of the franchise's early years, the team's first season with more wins than losses was coached by Jock Sutherland in 1942. In 1947, under Sutherland, the Steelers played their first playoff game against the Philadelphia Eagles. Ten of the 16 head coaches spent their entire professional coaching careers with the franchise, including Kiesling, John McNally, and Chuck Noll, who have also been voted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame. One of only four men to coach the same team for 23 years, Noll retired in 1991. Bill Cowher, who was Noll's replacement, coached the Steelers to their fifth Super Bowl victory, in 2005. The Steelers' sixth Super Bowl win came in Super Bowl XLIII, while head-coached by Mike Tomlin, the team's current head coach.

Marshall Goldberg

Marshall Goldberg (October 25, 1917 – April 3, 2006) was a National Football League (NFL) All-Pro American football player. He played college football as a halfback and fullback at the University of Pittsburgh. At Pittsburgh, Goldberg was twice recognized as a consensus All-American, and played on two national championship teams under head coach Jock Sutherland. Goldberg played for the Chicago Cardinals of the NFL for eight seasons between 1939 and 1948, with an interruption during World War II, and was a four-time All-Pro. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1958.

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