Joanna, Princess of Portugal

Blessed Joan of Portugal (6 February 1452 – 12 May 1490; Portuguese: Santa Joana Princesa, Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsɐ̃tɐ ʒuˈɐnɐ pɾĩˈsezɐ]) was a Portuguese saint, regent and princess of the House of Aviz, daughter of King Afonso V of Portugal and his first wife Isabella of Coimbra.

Blessed Joan
Princess of Portugal
Santa Joana, Princesa de Portugal
Born6 February 1452
Lisbon, Portugal
Died12 May 1490 (aged 38)
Aveiro, Portugal
Burial
Convent of Jesus in Aveiro
HouseAviz
FatherAfonso V of Portugal
MotherIsabel of Coimbra
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Early life

Retrato da Princesa Santa Joana com o Menino - Joao Baptista Pachim
Princess Saint Joan with the Infant Jesus; by Joao Baptista Pachim, 18th century

Joanna was the second child of Afonso, but after the early death of her older brother John she was recognized as heir presumptive and given the title of Princess of Portugal. Other children of the king were infantes. Upon the birth of her younger brother, the future John II of Portugal, she ceased to be heir presumptive, but among the people she continued to be known as Princess Joan.

From a young age, Joan expressed a desire to become a nun; however, as she was second-in-line to the throne, her father did not allow it.[1] During his military expedition to Tangier in 1471, Joan served as Regent of the Portuguese Kingdom.

Marriage Proposals

After vehemently refusing several proposals of marriage, Joan joined the Dominican Convent of Jesus in Aveiro in 1475.[1] Her brother had, by then, been given an heir, so the family line was no longer in danger of extinction. Still, she was compelled several times to leave the convent and return to the court. She turned down an offer of marriage from Charles VIII of France, 18 years her junior. In 1485, she received another offer, from the recently widowed Richard III of England, who was only 8 months younger. This was to be part of a double marital alliance, with his niece Elizabeth of York marrying her cousin, the future Manuel I. However, his death in battle, of which Joan allegedly had a prophetic dream, halted these plans.

Late Life

She continued to be a great supporter of her brother, John II of Portugal, throughout his reign and her life.

Joan died on 12 May 1490 in Aveiro and was buried in the Convent of Jesus in Aveiro. She was beatified in 1693 by Pope Innocent XII. Although she has not been canonized, in Portugal she is known as the Princess Saint Joan.

Revival

In the early 18th century, the Portuguese nobility, clergy, and court had a revival in interest in the princess. During this time, the Portuguese artist Manuel Ferreira e Sousa was the most famous artist in this revival. He was contracted by various religious institutions, noblemen, and even the royal family to paint scenes from her life.

Manuel Ferreira e Sousa's paintings of Princess Saint Joan of Portugal were highly contracted from the 1720s to the 1740s.

Visita de D. João II de Joana Santa Princesa - Manuel Ferreira e Sousa
Despedida da Infanta D. Joana de D. Afonso V e D. João II
Encontro de D. João II com Santa Joana - Manuel Ferreira e Sousa
Encontro de D. Joao II com Santa Joana em Alcobaca - Manuel Ferreira e Sousa
Chegada de D. Afonso V de Arzila, conversando com a filha - Manuel Ferreira e Sousa
Oferta do retrato de Santa Joana ao rei francês - Manuel Ferreira e Sousa

Notes

  1. ^ a b Capes, Florence. "Blessed Joanna of Portugal." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 25 Jul. 2014

Sources

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Bl. Joanna of Portugal" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.

External links

Media related to Joan, Princess of Portugal at Wikimedia Commons

Joanna, Princess of Portugal
Cadet branch of the House of Burgundy
Born: 6 February 1452 Died: 12 May 1490
Preceded by
Ferdinand
Princess of Portugal
1452–1455
Succeeded by
John (future John II)
1452

Year 1452 (MCDLII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Anne of Austria

Anne of Austria (22 September 1601 – 20 January 1666), a Spanish princess of the House of Habsburg, was queen of France as the wife of Louis XIII, and regent of France during the minority of her son, Louis XIV, from 1643 to 1651. During her regency, Cardinal Mazarin served as France's chief minister. Accounts of French court life of her era emphasize her difficult marital relations with her husband, her closeness to her son Louis XIV, and her disapproval of her son's marital infidelity to her niece and daughter-in-law Maria Theresa.

Beatrice, Countess of Alburquerque

Beatrice of Portugal (c. 1347–(1381-07-05)5 July 1381) was Countess of Alburquerque as the wife of Sancho Alfonso of Alburquerque. She was the daughter of Peter I of Portugal and his wife Inês de Castro.

Beatriz, Duchess of Viseu

Infanta Beatriz of Portugal (13 June 1430 – 30 September 1506) was a Portuguese infanta, daughter of John, Constable of Portugal (fourth son of King John I of Portugal and his wife Philippa of Lancaster) and Isabella of Barcelos a daughter of Afonso I, Duke of Braganza.

Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain

Catherine Michelle of Spain (Spanish: Catalina Micaela de Austria; 10 October 1567 – 6 November 1597) was a Duchess consort of Savoy who served as Regent of Savoy several times during the absence of her spouse, Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy. As the youngest surviving daughter of Philip II of Spain and Elisabeth of Valois, she was the sister of Isabella Clara Eugenia, Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands.

Infanta Maria Doroteia of Portugal

Maria Doroteia of Braganza (Maria Francisca Doroteia Josefa Antónia Gertrudes Rita Joana Efigénia; 21 September 1739 – 14 January 1771), was a Portuguese infanta daughter of King Joseph I of Portugal and his wife Mariana Victoria of Spain.

Infanta María Teresa of Spain

Infanta Maria Teresa of Spain (Spanish: María Teresa Isabel Eugenia del Patrocinio Diega de Borbón y Habsburgo, Infanta de España; 12 November 1882 in Madrid, Kingdom of Spain – 23 September 1912 in Madrid, Kingdom of Spain) was the second eldest child and daughter of Alfonso XII of Spain and his second wife Maria Christina of Austria. Maria Teresa was an Infanta of Spain and a member of the House of Bourbon by birth.

Infanta María de las Mercedes of Spain (1911–1953)

María de las Mercedes de Baviera y Borbón (3 October 1911 – 11 September 1953) was a granddaughter of Alfonso XII and niece of Alfonso XIII. She married and became the third wife of Irakli Bagration of Mukhrani, in San Sebastián on 29 August 1946. She had two children, Mariam de Bagration and Bagrat de Bagration y de Baviera.

Infanta Sofía of Spain

Infanta Sofía of Spain (Sofía de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz; born 29 April 2007) is the second child of King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia. She has an older sister, Leonor, whom she follows in the line of succession to the Spanish throne.

Infante of Portugal

Infante of Portugal (Portuguese: Infante de Portugal; f. Infanta), is the royal title of the Kingdom of Portugal, granted to the sons or daughters of the King and Princes of Portugal who were not the heir to the throne. It is also used to denote a grandson or granddaughter in the male line of a reigning monarch. Female consorts of Infantes of Portugal automatically gain the title of nobility of Infanta when married. Male consorts to Infantas of Portugal do not have an inherent right to the title of Infante upon marriage (cf., for instance, Nuno, Duke of Loulé).

Isabella Clara Eugenia

Isabella Clara Eugenia (Spanish: Isabel Clara Eugenia; 12 August 1566 – 1 December 1633) was sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands in the Low Countries and the north of modern France, together with her husband Albert VII, Archduke of Austria. In some sources, she is referred to as Clara Isabella Eugenia. By birth, she was an infanta of Spain and Portugal.

Isabella of Portugal

Isabella of Portugal (24 October 1503 – 1 May 1539) was Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Spain, Germany, Italy, Naples and Sicily and Duchess of Burgundy by her marriage to Emperor Charles V, and regent of Spain during the absences of her husband during 1529-1532, 1535-1536 and 1538-1539.

Isabella was the granddaughter of the Catholic Monarchs, Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon. Throughout her life, many compared her to her grandmother for her character and her determination in politics. A woman of great beauty and intelligence, Isabella was undoubtedly the Spanish soul of Charles V who, because of his travels in Europe, spent little time in Spain due to political affairs abroad. It was thanks to the governorships of Empress Isabella that Spain was able to remain independent of imperial policies.

Joanna of Austria, Princess of Portugal

Joanna of Austria (in Castilian, doña Juana de Austria; in Portuguese, Dona Joana de Áustria, 24 June 1535 – 7 September 1573) was a Princess of Portugal by marriage to John Manuel, Prince of Portugal. She served as regent of Spain to her brother Philip II of Spain during his trip to England to marry Mary I in 1554-1556, and from 1556 to 1559. She was the mother of King Sebastian of Portugal.

Maria Anna of Spain

Infanta Maria Anna of Spain (18 August 1606 – 13 May 1646) was a Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia by marriage to Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor. She acted as regent on several occasions during the absences of her spouse.

Daughter of King Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria, prior to her Imperial marriage she was considered a possible wife for Charles, Prince of Wales; the event, later known in history as the "Spanish Match", provoked a domestic and political crisis in the Kingdoms of England and Scotland. In the imperial court in Vienna she continued to be strongly influenced by her native Spanish culture (from clothes to music) and also to promote the strengthening of relations between the Imperial and Spanish branches of the House of Habsburg.

Maria Theresa of Spain

Maria Theresa of Spain (Spanish: María Teresa de Austria; French: Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche; 10 September 1638 – 30 July 1683), was by birth Infanta of Spain and Portugal (until 1640) and Archduchess of Austria as member of the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg and by marriage Queen of France.

Her marriage in 1660 with King Louis XIV, her cousin, was made with the purpose of ending the long-standing war between France and Spain. Famed for her virtue and piety, she saw five of her six children die in early childhood, and is frequently viewed as an object of pity in historical accounts of her husband's reign, since she had no choice but to tolerate his many love affairs.

Without any political influence in the French court or government (except briefly in 1672, when she was named Regent during her husband's absence during the Franco-Dutch War), she died at the early age of 44 from complications from an abscess on her arm.

Her grandson Philip V inherited the Spanish throne in 1700 after the death of her younger half-brother, Charles II, and the War of the Spanish Succession, founding the Spanish branch of the House of Bourbon, which has reigned with some interruption until present time.

Maria of Austria, Holy Roman Empress

Archduchess Maria of Austria (21 June 1528 – 26 February 1603) was Holy Roman Empress and queen consort of Bohemia and Hungary as the spouse of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia and Hungary. She served as regent of Spain in the absence of her father Emperor Charles V from 1548 until 1551, and in the absence of her brother Philip II, from 1558 to 1561.

Philippa of Coimbra

Infanta Philippa of Coimbra (1437–1497) was the youngest child of Infante Peter, Duke of Coimbra, and Isabella of Aragon, Countess of Urgell.

She became a nun in the Convent of Odivelas where she died in 1497.

Princess Maria Anna of Braganza

Maria Ana Rafaela Micaela Gabriela Lourença of Braganza, Infanta of Portugal, full Portuguese name: Maria Ana Rafaela Micaela Gabriela Lourença de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal (3 September 1899 – 23 June 1971) was a member of the House of Braganza and an Infanta of Portugal by birth and the wife of Karl August, 10th Prince of Thurn and Taxis.

Princess Maria Theresa of Braganza

Maria Teresa of Bragança, Infanta of Portugal (Maria Teresa Carolina Micaela Ana Josefina Antónia Francisca de Assis e de Paula Brígida Pia Gerardina Severina Inácia Luísa Estanislau Joana Policarpa; 26 January 1881, Ödenburg, Austria-Hungary – 17 January 1945, Stainach, Nazi Germany) was a member of the House of Braganza and Infanta of Portugal by birth. Through her marriage to Prince Karl Ludwig of Thurn and Taxis, Maria Theresa was also a member of the House of Thurn and Taxis.

Ancestors of Joanna, Princess of Portugal
16. Peter I of Portugal
8. John I of Portugal
17. Teresa Lourenço
4. Edward I of Portugal
18. John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
9. Philippa of Lancaster
19. Blanche of Lancaster
2. Afonso V of Portugal
20. John I of Castile
10. Ferdinand I of Aragon
21. Eleanor of Aragon
5. Eleanor of Aragon
22. Sancho Alfonso, 1st Count of Alburquerque
11. Eleanor of Alburquerque
23. Beatrice of Portugal
1. Joanna of Portugal
24. Peter I of Portugal (= 16)
12. John I of Portugal (= 8)
25. Teresa Lourenço (= 17)
6. Peter, Duke of Coimbra
26. John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (= 18)
13. Philippa of Lancaster (= 9)
27. Blanche of Lancaster (= 19)
3. Isabel of Coimbra
28. Peter II, Count of Urgell
14. James II, Count of Urgell
29. Margaret Palaiologina
7. Isabella of Urgell
30. Peter IV of Aragon
15. Isabella of Aragon
31. Sibila of Fortià

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.