Joachim Marquardt

Karl Joachim Marquardt (19 April 1812 – 30 November 1882) was a German historian and writer on Roman antiquities.

Marquardt
Karl Joachim Marquardt.

Biography

Marquardt was born at Danzig (Gdańsk).

He studied at Berlin and Leipzig, held various educational appointments from 1833 onwards at Berlin, Danzig and Posen (Poznań), and became in 1859 head of the gymnasium in Gotha, where he died on in 1882. The dedication of his treatise Historiae equitum romanorum libri quatuor (1841) to Lachmann led to his being recommended to the publisher of Wilhelm Adolf Becker's Handbuch der römischen Alterthumer to continue the work on the death of the author in 1846.

It took twenty years to complete, and met with such success that a new edition was soon called for. Finding himself unequal to the task single-handed, Marquardt left the preparation of the first three volumes (Römisches Staatsrecht) to Theodor Mommsen, while he himself contributed vols. V-VI (Römische Staatsverwaltung, 1873–1878) and vol. VII (Das Privatleben der Römer, 1879–1882).

Its clearness of style, systematic arrangement and abundant references to authorities ancient and modern, will always render it valuable to the student.

Marquardt died in Gotha.

Sources

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Marquardt, Joachim". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 750.

Literature

  • Kai Brodersen, Introduction in: Joachim Marquardt, Das Privatleben der Römer, new edition, Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 2016, pp. v-viii, ISBN 978-3-534-26770-5

External links

Caeso (praenomen)

Caeso or Kaeso (Classical Latin: [ˈkae̯soː]) is a Latin praenomen, or personal name, usually abbreviated K. Although never a common name, Caeso was regularly used by a number of prominent families, both patrician and plebeian, during the period of the Roman Republic. The feminine form is Caesula (also spelled Cesula, Caesulla, Caesilla, and Caesillia). The name also gave rise to the patronymic gens Caesonia. Kaeso is the older spelling, dating from the period when the letter K was still frequently used before the vowel A in Latin, and before the letters C and G were differentiated.The praenomen Caeso was regularly used by the patrician gentes Fabia and Quinctia during the 1st centuries of the Republic, and also by the plebeian gentes Atilia and Duilia (both of which may originally have been patrician). It is also found in the gentes Acilia, Fabricia, and Latria, and must once have been used by the ancestors of gens Caesonia. Its use gradually declined throughout Republican times, and seems to have fallen out of use around the 1st century AD.

Cohors II Italica Civium Romanorum

Cohors II Italica Civium Romanorum was a Roman cohort from Italia formed from Roman citizens. A cohort based in Caesarea is referred to in the Acts of the Apostles (Ancient Greek: σπείρης τῆς καλουμένης Ἰταλικῆς, "the cohort called Italian", in Acts 10:1, translated as the Italian band in the King James Version, or the Italian Regiment in the Good News Translation and World English Bible), and is associated with Cornelius the Centurion, the first gentile convert to Christianity.

According to Josephus, the principal portion of the Roman army stationed at Caesarea were Syrians. and the Pulpit Commentary therefore considers it 'pretty certain ... that the Italian cohort here spoken of were auxiliaries, so called as being made up in whole or in part of Italians, probably volunteers or velones.'The cohort was among those stationed in Syria in 157 under legate Arridius Cornelianus.

Marquardt

Marquardt is a surname of German origin. Notable people with the surname include:

August F. Marquardt (1850–1925), American politician

Bridget Marquardt (born 1973), American television personality, glamour model, and actress

Christel Marquardt, judge on the Kansas Court of Appeals

Christiane Marquardt (born 1958), retired East German sprinter

Darcy Marquardt (born 1979), Canadian rower

David Marquardt, co-founder of venture capital firm August Capital

Donald Marquardt (1929–1997), American statistician

Elizabeth Marquardt, author of Between Two Worlds: The Inner Lives of Children of Divorce

Friedrich-Wilhelm Marquardt (1928 - 2002), German evangelical theologian

Joachim Marquardt (1812–1882), German historian and writer on Roman antiquities

Markus Marquardt (born 1970), German operatic baritone

Mike Marquardt (born 1982), American football defensive tackle

Nate Marquardt (born 1979), American mixed martial artist

Ollie Marquardt (1902–1968), infielder in Major League Baseball

R. Niels Marquardt (born 1953), American diplomat

Stephen R. Marquardt, American surgeon

Poplifugia

The poplifugia or populifugia (Latin: the day of the people's flight), was a festival of ancient Rome celebrated on July 5, according to Varro, in commemoration of the flight of the Romans, when the inhabitants of Ficuleae and Fidenae appeared in arms against them, shortly after the burning of the city by the Gauls (see Battle of the Allia); the traditional victory of the Romans, which followed, was commemorated on July 7 (called the Nonae Caprotinae as a feast of Juno Caprotina), and on the next day was the Vitulatio, supposed to mark the thank-offering of the pontifices for the event. Macrobius, who wrongly places the Poplifugia on the nones, says that it commemorated a flight before the Tuscans, while Dionysius refers its origin to the time when the patricians murdered Romulus after the people had fled from a public assembly on account of rain and darkness.

Raetia

Raetia (; Latin: [ˈraetia]; also spelled Rhaetia) was a province of the Roman Empire, named after the Rhaetian (Raeti or Rhaeti) people. It bordered on the west with the country of the Helvetii, on the east with Noricum, on the north with Vindelicia, on the south-west with Transalpine Gaul and on the south with Venetia et Histria. It thus comprised the districts occupied in modern times by eastern and central Switzerland (containing the Upper Rhine and Lake Constance), southern Bavaria and the Upper Swabia, Vorarlberg, the greater part of Tyrol, and part of Lombardy. Later Vindelicia (today south-eastern Wuerttemberg and south-western Bavaria) formed part of Raetia. The northern border of Raetia during the times of Augustus and Tiberius was the River Danube. Later the Limes Germanicus marked the northern boundary, stretching for 166 km north of the Danube. Raetia linked to Italy across the Alps over the Reschen Pass, by the Via Claudia Augusta. The Romansh people living in Southeast Switzerland are believed to be direct descendants of the Raetians. However, the exact lineage of the Romansh (or Romansch) people remains incomplete.

The Historians' History of the World

The Historians' History of the World, subtitled A Comprehensive Narrative of the Rise and Development of Nations as Recorded by over two thousand of the Great Writers of all Ages, is a 25-volume encyclopedia of world history originally published in English near the beginning of the 20th century. It was compiled by Henry Smith Williams, a medical doctor and author of many books on medicine, science, and history, as well as other authorities on history, and published in New York in 1902 by Encyclopædia Britannica and the Outlook Company. It was also published in London printed by Morrison & Gibb Limited, of Edinburgh. A second edition was published in 1907 in London by The Times. Two further volumes were subsequently released, dealing with the First World War.

Others involved were historian Walter Lynwood Fleming, and Rupert Hughes as editor.Digital reproductions of the volumes are available via the Google Books project (links below). Most have been converted to the DjVu file format and made available on archive.org.

Titus Tatius

According to the Roman foundation myth, Titus Tatius was the king of the Sabines from Cures and joint-ruler of Rome for several years.During the reign of Romulus, the first king of Rome, Tatius declared war on Rome in response to the incident known as the rape of the Sabine women. After he captured the stronghold atop the Capitoline Hill through the treachery of Tarpeia, the Sabines and Romans fought an epic battle that concluded when the abducted Sabine women intervened to convince the two sides to reconcile and end the war. The two kingdoms were joined and the two kings ruled jointly until Tatius' murder five years later. The joint kingdom was still called Rome and the citizens of the city were still called Romans, but as a community, they were to be called Quirites. The Sabines were integrated into the existing tribes and curies. Tatius is not counted as one of the traditional "Seven Kings of Rome".

He had one daughter Tatia, who married Numa Pompilius (Romulus's successor), and one son, who was the ancestor of the noble family of Tatii.

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