Jinjiang, Fujian

Jinjiang (simplified Chinese: 晋江; traditional Chinese: 晉江; pinyin: Jìnjiāng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chìn-kang) is a county-level city of Quanzhou City, Fujian Province, China. It is located in the southeastern part of the province, on the right or south bank of the Jin River, across from Quanzhou's urban district of Fengze. Jinjiang also borders the Taiwan Strait of the East China Sea to the south, and Quanzhou's other county-cities of Shishi and Nan'an to the east and west, respectively. It has an area of 721.7 square kilometres (278.6 sq mi) and a population of 1,986,447 as of 2010.[1]

Jinjiang has the only extant Manichean temple in China (Cao'an) and is near the eastern end of the world's longest estimated straight-line path over land, at 11,241 km (6,985 mi), ending near Sagres, Portugal.[2]

Jinjiang

晋江市

Tsinkiang
Jinjiang's Lüzhou (Green Island) Park, with a monument bearing the inscription "诚信、谦恭、团结、拼搏" (Integrity, humility, unity, hard work)
Jinjiang's Lüzhou (Green Island) Park, with a monument bearing the inscription "诚信、谦恭、团结、拼搏" (Integrity, humility, unity, hard work)
  Jinjiang in Quanzhou
  Jinjiang
in Quanzhou
Jinjiang is located in Fujian
Jinjiang
Jinjiang
Location in Fujian
Coordinates: 24°49′12″N 118°34′12″E / 24.82000°N 118.57000°ECoordinates: 24°49′12″N 118°34′12″E / 24.82000°N 118.57000°E
Country China
ProvinceFujian
Prefecture-level cityQuanzhou
City seatLuoshan Subdistrict (罗山街道)
Area
 • Total721.7 km2 (278.6 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,986,447
 • Density2,800/km2 (7,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
362200
Area code(s)0595
Websitewww.JinJiang.gov.cn

Administrative divisions

Jinjiang has six subdistricts and 13 towns:

Subdistricts
  • Lingyuan (灵源街道)
  • Luoshan (罗山街道)
  • Meiling (梅岭街道)
  • Qingyang (青阳街道)
  • Xintang (新塘街道)
  • Xiyuan (西园街道)
Towns
  • Anhai (安海镇)
  • Chendai (陈埭镇)
  • Chidian (池店镇)
  • Cizao (磁灶镇)
  • Dongshi (东石镇)
  • Jinjing (金井镇)
  • Longhu (龙湖镇)
  • Neikeng (内坑镇)
  • Shenhu (深沪镇)
  • Xibin (西滨镇)
  • Yinglin (英林镇)
  • Yonghe (永和镇)
  • Zimao (紫帽镇)

Demographics

Anhai - town government - DSCF8738

Anhai Town Government

Jin River seen from Zitong Bridge - south side - DSCF8724

Jin River waterfront

Jinjiang is known for the large number of factories which operate there, especially in the clothing and name-brand footwear industry.[3] Many migrant laborers come from elsewhere in Fujian and even from outside the province to commit themselves to year-long contracts.

Jinjiang is famous as home to many Chinese in diaspora, especially in Taiwan, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Australia, etc. Once poor and overpopulated in early 19th century, Many locals moved to Southeast Asia for better lives, as what they called "xia nan yang, 下南洋", literally as "to sail down to the south sea" in English. Many of them have been successfully integrated into local societies and achieved great success. For example, according to Forbes, 6 out of 10 richest business tycoons in Philippines can trace their ancestry back to Jinjiang. Therefore, from 80s to 90s, Jinjiang received much donation and investment from overseas Chinese communities.

Culture

Language

Jinjiang people speak the Jinjiang dialect, a variant of the Quanzhou dialect of Hokkien), which is largely intelligible to speakers of Xiamen, Zhangzhou and Taiwanese dialects, and also with many Chinese communities overseas, specially in southeast Asia, like Penang and Philippines. As in many parts of China, most Jinjiang people can use Putonghua (Mandarin) to communicate with non-local people in commercial and other daily interactions.

Jinjiang Cao'an 20120229-09
Cao'an Temple on Huabiao Hill near downtown Jinjiang, "a Manichean temple in Buddhist disguise",[4] is thought to be "the only extant Manichean temple in China".[5]

Transportation

Jinjiang Station
Jinjiang Station

Jinjiang hosts the Quanzhou Jinjiang International Airport, IATA code JJN. The facility is of international 4D standard, which is capable of handling mid-size jets, such as Boeing 737 series and Airbus 320 series. Most flights from JJN are domestic flights, with some international/regional flights to/from Hong Kong, Macao, Taipei, Manila, Bangkok, Singapore, etc. Another way to get into the city is flying into Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport in the nearby city Xiamen, which has more international routes, including intercontinental flights to/from Amsterdam, Sydney and Vancouver. From there, passengers can catch limousine buses to downtown Jinjiang in 1.5 hours.

Jinjiang Station of the new high-speed Fuzhou-Xiamen Railway is located 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) away from the center of the city. Passengers are able to travel to bullet train hubs like Shanghai or Shenzhen in 2 to 3 hours, and further transfer to other destinations national wide. The Jinjiang Railway Station is served by local buses and taxi.

Economy

Thriving with economics in private sectors, Jinjiang has been ranked as No.1 county with the highest GDP in Fujian for over 15 consecutive years. Also, it's been ranked as top 10 richest county-level city in the whole country, as published by the National Bureau of Census. There are many sportswear and other garment and shoe manufacturers in Jinjiang. In 2013 the mayor of Jinjiang called for more focus on innovative design by shoe manufacturers plagued by surplus inventory.[6]

Manufacturers were encouraged by local official to engage in IPOs and seek listings on stock exchanges such as the Frankfurt Stock Exchange to raise global capital for expansion. Raising capital in this way bypasses the difficulty medium-sized firms have with obtaining loans from Chinese banks. About 30 firms have achieved listing on global stock exchanges but many also have listings on stock exchanges in Shanghai or Hong Kong. As of 2012 many additional local firms include IPOs in their business planning.[3]

In some instances over-capacity and declining profit margins have resulted from suboptimal investment of capital. Due to the prevalence of copying in the industry investing capital in research and development seems futile. Another problem is that many of the firms are in fact family-owned business which have taken on corporate form but not best corporate management practices. In an effort to achieve listings on exchanges with strict requirements there is a temptation to engage in creative accounting.[3]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Profile of Jinjiang" (in Chinese). 2010 Census.
  2. ^ MIT Technology Review – Computer scientists have found the longest straight line you could sail without hitting land
  3. ^ a b c Qu Yunyu (December 26, 2012). "After an IPO Rush, a Factory Town's Hangover: A Fujian Province city pushed local companies to go public, and now they're reaping the consequences". Caixin. Retrieved December 27, 2012.
  4. ^ MANICHEISM i. GENERAL SURVEY at Encyclopædia Iranica
  5. ^ CHINESE TURKESTAN: vii. Manicheism in Chinese Turkestan and China at Encyclopædia Iranica
  6. ^ Wang Zhuoqiong (April 3, 2013). "Shoemaking firms urged to be more innovative: Mayor of China's 'footwear capital' says companies need to do more to reduce massive inventories". China Daily. Retrieved April 3, 2013.

External links

Anhai

Anhai is a town in southern Fujian, China. It is located in the far southern suburbs of the Quanzhou metropolitan area. and is separated by Weitou Bay (Chinese: 围头湾) from Kinmen, which is controlled by Taiwan. Administratively, Anhai is part of Jinjiang County-level City, which in its turn is subordinated to Quanzhou.

The highest point in the town's administrative area is Mount Língyuán (Chinese: 灵源山) at 305 metres (1,001 ft).

Cai Yingting

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Chan Meng Kam

Chan Meng Kam (Chinese: 陳明金; born 9 November 1962 in Ludongcun, Dongshi, Jinjiang, Fujian, China) is a member of the Legislative Assembly of Macau. Chan Meng Kam is a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, President of the Macau Paralympic Committee, Chairman of City University of Macau and Huaqiao University.

Chendai, Quanzhou

Chendai (Chinese: 陈埭; pinyin: Chéndài; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tân-tāi) is a town within Jinjiang county-level city, Quanzhou prefecture-level city of China's Fujian Province. It is located a few miles south of Quanzhou central city, and just north of Quanzhou Jinjiang Airport.

Dongshi, Fujian

Dongshi Town (China) (Chinese: 东石镇) is a township-level division of Jinjiang County-level city, which in its turn is a part of Quanzhou Prefecture-level city in Fujian Province, China.Dongshi is located on the eastern side of the Anhai Bay, which is the estuary formed by the Shijing River as it flows into the Taiwan Strait.

Fujian Broncos F.C.

Fujian Broncos Football Club is a Professional club from Quanzhou, China. They started competing in China League Two.

Fujian Sturgeons

Fujian SBS Xunxing Sturgeons (Simplified Chinese: 福建SBS浔兴鲟) or Fujian Xunxing or Fujian SBS are a Chinese professional men's basketball team in the Chinese Basketball Association, based in Jinjiang, Quanzhou, Fujian. The "SBS" reflects corporate sponsorship from the Jinjiang-based Fujian SBS Zipper Science and Technology Corporation. Unlike all the other teams in the CBA, the team originally had no English–friendly animal–type nickname. They have since begun using the name Sturgeons.

The Fujian Sturgeons made their debut in the 2004–2005 season, and finished in seventh and last place in the South Division, out of the playoffs. In 2005–2006, they tied for fifth, just one win away from making the playoffs.

Fujian Tianxin F.C.

Fujian Tianxin Football Club (Chinese: 福建天信足球俱乐部) is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the China League Two. The team is based in Jinjiang, Fujian.

Jin River (Fujian)

The Jin River, also known by its Chinese name Jin Jiang, is located in southern Fujian. Its basin includes most of Quanzhou prefecture-level city, whose Jinjiang County is named after it.

Jinjiang

Jinjiang may refer to the following locations in China:

Jinjiang District (锦江区), Chengdu, Sichuan

Jinjiang, Fujian (晋江市)

Jinjiang railway station

Jinjiang railway station is a railway station located in Fujian Province, People's Republic of China, on the Fuxia Railway which operated by Nanchang Railway Bureau, China Railway Corporation.

Li Yihuang

Li Yihuang (simplified Chinese: 李贻煌; traditional Chinese: 李貽煌; pinyin: Lǐ Yíhuāng; born October 1962) is a former Chinese politician and entrepreneur. He was the Vice Governor of Jiangxi and the President of Jiangxi Copper. On January 17, 2018, Li Yihuang was placed under investigation by the Communist Party's anti-corruption agency.

Lingyuan Subdistrict

Lingyuan (simplified Chinese: 灵源; traditional Chinese: 靈源; pinyin: Língyuán; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lêng-gôan) is a subdistrict of Jinjiang, Fujian, People's Republic of China. It has a population of 25,500,It has 10 communities:

Lingshui (灵水社区)

Zenglin (曾林社区)

Dashanhou (大山后社区)

Dabulin (大布林社区)

Xiaobulin (小布林社区)

Linkou (林口社区)

Zhangqian (张前社区)

Yingtang (英塘社区)

Linge (林格社区)

Xiaowutang (小浯塘社区)

Quanzhou Jinjiang International Airport

Quanzhou Jinjiang International Airport (IATA: JJN, ICAO: ZSQZ) is a dual-use military and public airport serving the city of Quanzhou in Fujian, China. It is located 12 kilometers south of the city center, in the county-level city of Jinjiang, which is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Quanzhou.

Shi Lang

Shi Lang (1621–1696), Marquis Jinghai, also known as Secoe or Sego, was a Chinese admiral who served under the Ming and Qing dynasties in the 17th century. He was the commander-in-chief of the Qing fleets which destroyed the power of Zheng Chenggong's descendants in the 1660s, and led the conquest of the Zheng family's Kingdom of Tungning in Taiwan in 1683. Shi later governed part of Taiwan as a marquis.

Tan Yu

Tan Yu (Chinese: 鄭周敏; pinyin: Zhèng Zhōumǐn; April 5, 1927 – 12 March 2002) was a Chinese-Filipino philanthropist and businessman who founded the Asiaworld Internationale Group and established the KTTI Foundation, which provided scholarships to and supported the education of thousands of young students. In 1997, Forbes listed Tan Yu as the 7th wealthiest person in the world, estimating his net worth to be about $7 billion. He was placed amongst the top 10 in the world on the Forbes List of World Billionaires 1997, making him wealthiest man in the Philippines.

Xiyuan Subdistrict, Jinjiang

Xiyuan Subdistrict, (Chinese: 西园) is a township-level division of Jinjiang City, Quanzhou, Fujian Province, China.

Xu Jiankang

Xu Jiankang (Chinese: 许健康; born 1952), or Hoi Kin Hong in Cantonese, is a Chinese billionaire entrepreneur with Macau citizenship, and the chairman of Powerlong, a Fujian-based real estate development company.Xu was born in 1952 in Jinjiang, Fujian, China. He moved to Macau and founded his first company in 1981. He founded Powerlong in 1990 and developed real estate in his home province Fujian.Xu is married, with two children. He lives in Shanghai. His son Hoi Wa Fong is the CEO of Powerlong.

Zeng Gongliang

Zeng Gongliang (曾公亮, Tseng Kung-Liang; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chan Kong-liāng) (998–1078) was a Chinese scholar of the Song Dynasty who helped write the Wujing Zongyao.

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