Jimmy Swaggart

Jimmy Lee Swaggart (/ˈswæɡərt/; born March 15, 1935) is an American Pentecostal evangelist.

Swaggart's TV ministry, which began in 1971, has a viewing audience both in the U.S. and internationally. The weekly Jimmy Swaggart Telecast and A Study in the Word programs are broadcast throughout the U.S. and on 78 channels in 104 other countries, and over the Internet.[1] At its height in the 1980s, his telecast was transmitted to over 3,000 stations and cable systems each week.[2] He currently owns and operates the SonLife Broadcasting Network.

Sexual scandals with prostitutes in the late 1980s and early 1990s led the Assemblies of God to defrock him. As a result of the scandals, Swaggart temporarily stepped down as the head of Jimmy Swaggart Ministries.[3]

Jimmy Swaggart
Rev. Jimmy Swaggart 01
Swaggart in 2009
Jimmy Lee Swaggart

March 15, 1935 (age 84)
OccupationEvangelist, singer, author, pastor, pianist
Years active1955–present
TelevisionThe Jimmy Swaggart Telecast (1971–present)
Frances Swaggart (m. 1952)
ChildrenDonnie Swaggart

Early life

Jimmy Lee Swaggart was born on March 15, 1935, in Ferriday, Louisiana. By relation, he is the nephew of Arilla (née Swaggart) Wells (1916–2015), who was also the manager of Wells Grocery in Tunica, Louisiana. He is the cousin of rock'n'roll pioneer Jerry Lee Lewis and country music star Mickey Gilley.[4] He also had a sister, Jeanette Ensminger (1942–1999). With his parents, Swaggart attended a small, 25-member Assemblies of God church in Ferriday. In 1952, aged 17, Swaggart married 15-year-old Frances Anderson whom he met in church while he was playing music with his father. They have a son named Donnie. Swaggart worked several part-time odd jobs in order to support his young family and also began singing Southern Gospel music at various churches.

According to his autobiography, Swaggart, along with his wife and son, lived in poverty during the 1950s as he preached throughout rural Louisiana, struggling to survive on US$30 a week (equivalent to $270 in 2018). Being too poor to own a home, the Swaggarts lived in church basements, pastors' homes, and small motels. Sun Records producer Sam Phillips wanted to start a gospel line of music for the label (perhaps to remain in competition with RCA Victor and Columbia, who also had gospel lines at the time) and wanted Swaggart for Sun as the label's first gospel artist. Swaggart's cousin Jerry Lee Lewis, who had previously signed with Sun, was reportedly making $20,000 per week at the time. Although the offer meant a promise for significant income for him and his family, Swaggart turned Phillips down, stating that he was called to preach the gospel.[5]

Ordination and early career

Preaching from a flatbed trailer donated to him, Swaggart began full-time evangelistic work in 1955. He began developing a revival-meeting following throughout the American South. In 1960, he began recording gospel music record albums and transmitting on Christian radio stations. In 1961, Swaggart was ordained by the Assemblies of God; a year later he began his radio ministry. In the late 1960s, Swaggart founded what was then a small church named the Family Worship Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana; the church eventually became district-affiliated with the Assemblies of God.

In the late 1960s Swaggart began transmitting a weekly 30-minute telecast over various local television stations in Baton Rouge and also purchased a local AM radio station, WLUX (now WPFC). The station broadcast Christian feature stories, preaching and teaching to various fundamentalist and Pentecostal denominations and playing black gospel, Southern gospel, and inspirational music. As Contemporary Christian music became more prevalent, the station avoided playing it. Swaggart sold many of his radio stations gradually throughout the 1980s and early 1990s. Jimmy Swaggart Ministries still operates several radio stations that operate under the name Sonlife Radio.

Shifting to television

By 1975, Swaggart's television ministry had expanded to more stations around the U.S., and he started using television as his primary preaching forum. In 1978 Swaggart's weekly telecast was increased to an hour.

In 1980, Swaggart began a daily weekday telecast featuring Bible study and music, and the weekend, hour-long telecast included a service from either Family Worship Center (Swaggart's church) or an on-location crusade in a major city. In the early 1980s Swaggart's broadcasts expanded to major cities nationwide. By 1983, more than 250 television stations broadcast Swaggart's telecast.

Prostitution scandals

In 1988, Swaggart was implicated in a sex scandal involving a prostitute that resulted initially in his suspension, and ultimately defrocking, by the Assemblies of God. Three years later Swaggart was implicated in another scandal involving a prostitute. As a result, Swaggart's ministry became non-affiliated, non-denominational and significantly smaller than it was in the ministry's pre-scandal years.[3][6] The controversy surrounding the scandal inspired the Ozzy Osbourne song "Miracle Man" which was released on Osbourne's 1988 album No Rest for the Wicked, as well as several recorded live performances by Frank Zappa with songs featuring rewritten lyrics referencing Swaggart.


Swaggart's exposure came as retaliation for an incident in 1986 when Swaggart exposed fellow Assemblies of God minister Marvin Gorman, who had been accused of having several affairs. Once exposed, Gorman was defrocked from the Assemblies of God, his ministry all but ended. As a retaliatory move, Gorman hired his son Randy and son-in-law Garland Bilbo to stake out the Travel Inn on Airline Highway in Baton Rouge. A camera with a telephoto lens was placed in the window of the motel's Room 12, and was draped with a black cloth. When Swaggart arrived, he reportedly went into Room 7. Randy Gorman and Garland Bilbo let the air out of the tires on Swaggart's vehicle. They called Marvin Gorman, whose church was located nearby. Randy Gorman and Garland Bilbo had taken photos of Swaggart outside Room 7 with Debra Murphree,[6][7] a local prostitute. Gorman arrived at the Travel Inn a short while later and asked Swaggart what he was doing there.

According to Swaggart: The Unauthorized Biography of an American Evangelist, by Ann Rowe Seaman, Gorman secured a promise from Swaggart that he would publicly apologize to Gorman and start the process of Gorman's reinstatement to the Assemblies of God. Gorman offered to remain silent if Swaggart would state publicly that he lied about Gorman's affairs. Gorman waited almost a year, then hand-delivered a note to Swaggart informing him his time was up; Swaggart did not respond. On February 16, 1988, Gorman contacted James Hamil, one of the 13-man Executive Presbytery of the Assemblies of God, who called G. Raymond Carlson, the Assemblies Superintendent. Carlson summoned Hamill and Gorman to fly to Assemblies of God headquarters in Springfield, Missouri and arranged for an emergency meeting of the presbyters. He was shown photos of several men coming in and going out of Room 7 at the Travel Inn Motel in New Orleans. This was done to establish that the room was being used for prostitution. One of the men seen leaving Room 7 was Swaggart. The presbytery leadership of the Assemblies of God decided that Swaggart should be suspended from broadcasting his television program for three months.

According to the Associated Press, Murphree, who claimed to have posed nude for Swaggart, failed a polygraph test administered by a New York City Police Department polygraph expert.[8] The test administrator concluded that Murphree had failed to tell the truth on all key questions concerning her statement. The test was administered after Murphree offered to sell the story to the National Enquirer for $100,000. Paul Levy, senior editor for the Enquirer, stated that the polygraph examiner had concluded Murphree was not truthful on six key questions, including one in which she was reportedly asked if she had fabricated the story. Levy stated that the Enquirer decided not to print her story due to the test results, her drug use, and the fact that she had arrest warrants in three states. Murphree failed questions about whether she was paid or promised money to "set up" Swaggart, and whether she made up the story in order to make money from it.[9] Both times she answered no; according to the polygraph examiner, her answers were untrue.

Swaggart's confession and defrocking

On February 21, 1988, without giving any details regarding his transgressions, Swaggart gave his now-infamous "I have sinned" speech. He spoke tearfully to his family, congregation, TV audience, and finally said "I have sinned against You, my Lord, and I would ask that Your Precious Blood would wash and cleanse every stain until it is in the seas of God's forgetfulness, not to be remembered against me anymore."[10]

The Louisiana presbytery of the Assemblies of God initially suspended Swaggart from the ministry for three months. The national presbytery of the Assemblies of God soon extended the suspension to their standard two-year suspension for sexual immorality. His return to the pulpit coincided with the end of a three-month suspension originally ordered by the Assemblies. Believing that Swaggart was not genuinely repentant in submitting to their authority, the hierarchy of the Assemblies of God immediately defrocked him, removing his credentials and ministerial license.

Swaggart then became an independent non-denominational Pentecostal minister, establishing Jimmy Swaggart Ministries, based in the Family Worship Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and the Sonlife Broadcasting Network (SBN) can be seen in the United States, as well as many other countries across the world.[11]

1991 scandal

On October 11, 1991, Swaggart was found in the company of a prostitute for a second time. He was pulled over by a police officer in Indio, California, for driving on the wrong side of the road. With him in the vehicle was a woman named Rosemary Garcia. According to Garcia, Swaggart had stopped to proposition her on the side of the road. She later told reporters, "He asked me for sex. I mean, that's why he stopped me. That's what I do. I'm a prostitute."[12] This time, rather than confessing to his congregation, Swaggart told those at Family Worship Center, "The Lord told me it's flat none of your business."[13] Swaggart's son Donnie then announced to the stunned audience that his father would be temporarily stepping down as head of Jimmy Swaggart Ministries for "a time of healing and counseling."[12]


Donnie Swaggart
Son Donnie Swaggart preaching in Florida, 2018

As of 2007 Jimmy Swaggart Ministries mainly comprised Family Worship Center, The Jimmy Swaggart Telecast,[14] radio and television programs called A Study in the Word, SonLife Radio Network,[15] a website, JSM.org; and a 24/7 cable and satellite television network, SonLife Broadcasting Network (SBN).

Swaggart's wife Frances hosts a television program, Frances and Friends, shown daily on SBN.[16] Swaggart also hosts a daily Bible study program on SBN, The Message of the Cross. His son Donnie preaches at Family Worship Center and also preaches in churches across America and abroad.[17] Donnie's son Gabriel is the ministry's youth pastor who leads Crossfire, Family Worship Center's youth ministry.[18] SBN also broadcasts all weekly services at Family Worship Center live, as well as their camp meetings.

Rev. Jimmy Swaggart 02
Swaggart in 2011


Swaggart started SonLife Radio on the noncommercial FM band. Unlike his previous stations, SonLife was commercial-free and did not sell time to outside ministries; the preaching and teaching were all produced in-house. The music played was primarily Southern Gospel. SonLife Radio can be received in 21 U.S. states and is streamed on the Internet.[19] Some controversy arose concerning the ministry raising money for stations that were never built.


In 1973, Swaggart proposed to television producers in Nashville, Tennessee a television program including a fairly large music segment, a short sermon, and time for talking about current ministry projects, after two faltering attempts to tape the half-hour program in Baton Rouge and New Orleans. They accepted, and within weeks the Jimmy Swaggart Telecast was being broadcast around the United States.

In 1981, Swaggart launched a daily television program titled A Study in the Word. From the beginning, the primary cable channels the program was aired on were CBN Cable (now Freeform), TBN, and the old PTL Network (now the Inspiration Network).

In 2010, Jimmy Swaggart Ministries launched a 24 hour-a-day television network entitled the Sonlife Broadcasting Network (SBN), on DirecTV channel 344, Dish Network channel 257, Glorystar channel 125, AT&T U-verse, Verizon Fios, and various cable TV providers and broadcast stations.[20]

SBN is available in the U.S. through Free To Air (FTA) satellite television.[21][22][23] It is also available in Australia and New Zealand.

SBN is also available 24 hours a day in the United Kingdom on SKY (Channel 593), Freesat (Channel 695) and Freeview (Channel 239)

Jimmy Swaggart Bible College

In autumn 1984, Swaggart opened Jimmy Swaggart Bible College ("JSBC"). The college originally provided education and communication degrees. It flourished during the 1980s, reaching an enrollment of 1,450 students in the fall of 1987.

JSBC enrollment dropped drastically in 1988 when students left as a result of Swaggart's scandal with Debra Murphree, followed by accreditation issues. In 1988 the enrollment at the Bible college was projected to drop 72% that year but the school was planning to proceed with plans to open a theological seminary. Enrollment in August 1988 was projected to be about 400 students, compared to 1,451 students last year in 1987. The estimate was based on the number of students who had registered and the inquiries from potential students.[24] In July 1988 the college dormitories were re-branded and listed as apartments.

In 1991, after Swaggart was found in the presence of a prostitute in California, JSBC was renamed to World Evangelism Bible College and enrollment dropped to 370 students. The college shut down programs in music, physical education, secretarial science, and communications that October and disbanded its basketball team.

Presently, JSBC offers short term certificate programs, Associate of Arts degree programs, and a four-year Bachelor's degree program.

The College is not accredited but it is currently seeking accreditation [25]


Swaggart has written about 50 Christian books offered through his ministry.[26] He is the author of the Expositor's Study Bible,[27] 13 study guides and 38 commentaries on the Bible. The ministry also publishes a monthly magazine, The Evangelist.


Since October 10, 1952, Swaggart has been married to Frances Swaggart (née Anderson) (born August 9, 1937). They have one son, Donnie (born October 18, 1954), named after Jimmy Swaggart's brother who died in infancy. He has three grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren.[1]

Donnie and Gabriel are also preachers, making three generations of the Swaggart family to have become involved in ministerial work.[28][29]


  1. ^ a b About Jimmy Swaggart Ministries jsm.com. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
  2. ^ "Jimmy Swaggart Ministries". Jsm.org. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
  3. ^ a b Djupe, Paul A.; Olson, Laura R. (2008). Encyclopedia of American religion and politics. Checkmark Books. p. 430. ISBN 978-0-8160-7555-3. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
  4. ^ Unconquered: The Saga of Cousins Jerry Lee Lewis, Jimmy Swaggart, and Mickey Gilley 488 pages Brown Books Publishing Group (May 1, 2012), English ISBN 978-1612540412
  5. ^ Jimmy Swaggart; Robert Paul Lamb (1984). To cross a river (3rd ed.). Baton Rouge, La.: Jimmy Swaggart Ministries. ISBN 978-0-88270-221-6.
  6. ^ a b Kaufman, Joanne (March 7, 1988). "The Fall of Jimmy Swaggart". People. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  7. ^ Applebome, Peter (February 25, 1988). "Scandal Spurs Interest In Swaggart Finances". Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  8. ^ Associated Press. Ocala Star-Banner, February 27, 1988.
  9. ^ Toronto Star, February 27, 1988.
  10. ^ Swaggart, Jimmy. "Reverend Jimmy Swaggart: Apology Sermon". americanrhetoric.com. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
  11. ^ Dept., JSM Web. "Family Worship Center - Jimmy Swaggart Ministries - Baton Rouge". Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  12. ^ a b "Swaggart Plans to Step Down". The New York Times. October 15, 1991. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
  13. ^ "Scandals: No Apologies This Time". Time. October 28, 1991
  14. ^ "Jimmy Swaggart Ministries – TV Programming". Archived from the original on January 23, 2007. Retrieved January 28, 2007.
  15. ^ "Jimmy Swaggart Ministries – SonLife Radio". Archived from the original on February 2, 2007. Retrieved February 22, 2007.
  16. ^ "Frances and Friends".
  17. ^ "Donnie Swaggart".
  18. ^ "CrossFire".
  19. ^ "SonLife Broadcasting Network | SBN | Jimmy Swaggart Ministries". sonlifetv.com. Retrieved 2019-03-28.
  20. ^ "Sonlife Broadcasting Network". SonLife Broadcasting Network.
  21. ^ "Galaxy 19 at 97.0°W". LyngSat. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
  22. ^ "SonLife Broadcasting Network". LyngSat. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
  23. ^ "Satellites | SonLife Broadcasting Network". Sonlifetv.com. Archived from the original on 2013-04-11. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
  24. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1988-07-23/local/me-6426_1_jimmy-swaggart-bible-college
  25. ^ "F.A.Q's". Jimmy Swaggart Bible College and Seminary. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  26. ^ "Books by Jimmy Swaggart (Author of The Expositor's Study Bible KJVersion/Concordance)". Goodreads.com. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
  27. ^ Swaggart, Jimmy (August 9, 2005). The Expositor's Study Bible KJVersion/Concordance. Jimmy Swaggart Ministries. ISBN 9780976953005. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
  28. ^ Dept., JSM Web. "SonLife Broadcasting Network - SBN - Jimmy Swaggart Ministries". Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  29. ^ Dept., JSM Web. "JSM Ministers - Pastors - Jimmy Swaggart Ministries - Family Worship Center". Retrieved 15 April 2017.

External links

Celebrity Vinyl

Celebrity Vinyl is a satirical coffee table book published in 2008 that chronicles the unsuccessful singing attempts of famous actors, actresses and athletes. Published by Mark Batty Publisher, it is the first book on the subject and is based on the personal vinyl record collection of author Tom Hamling.

Hamling writes that Celebrity Vinyl: "is not a study in pop culture. Or kitsch. Or really even music, for that matter. It's a study in the consecration of fame."

Fire (musical)

Fire is a 1985 Dora Award winning musical by Paul Ledoux and David Young. The musical is based loosely on the story of Jerry Lee Lewis and his cousin Jimmy Swaggart and the divergent paths their lives took.

The musical follows the lives of the character "Cale Blackwell", based on real-life story of Jerry Lee Lewis and his brother "Herchel Blackwell" which is based on Lewis' real-life cousin Jimmy Swaggart. Herchel follows in the footsteps of his father, the reverend Blackwell's, as a preacher. Herchel's father is proud of him but does not approve of his son's use of the radio and then television while pioneering televangelism. The Reverend JD Blackwell is almost immediately disappointed with Cale who quickly finds fame as a Boogie-Woogie star and wallows in an accompanying life of rebellion against society and his own upbringing. Both brothers fall in love with their mutual childhood sweetheart "Molly King".Ultimately neither brother can claim to have led a moral life, and both had succumbed to their own flaws.

Jesus He Knows Me

"Jesus He Knows Me" is the second track on the 1991 Genesis album We Can't Dance and its fourth single. The song is a satire of televangelism, released in a period when several televangelists such as Jimmy Swaggart, Robert Tilton and Jim Bakker were under investigation for promising financial success to their listeners, provided they sent money to them. The song reached No. 10 in Canada, No. 20 in the United Kingdom and No. 23 in the United States.


KAJT (88.7 FM, "Son Life Radio") is a radio station licensed to serve Ada, Oklahoma, United States. The station is owned by Jimmy Swaggart Ministries and the broadcast license is held by Family Worship Center Church, Inc.


KPSH (90.9 MHz) is an FM radio station licensed to Coachella, California, and serving the Palm Springs radio market. The station is currently owned by Family Worship Center Church, Inc., which is part of Jimmy Swaggart Ministries. KPSH broadcasts a Christian radio format.

The station was formerly known as "V-91." Prior to being a Christian radio station, KPSH was owned and operated by the Palm Springs Unified School District transmitting from the grounds of the Palm Springs High School. The frequency at the time was 88.3 FM.

Karen Wheaton

Karen Harris Wheaton Towe is an American Pentecostal preacher, Gospel music singer and recording artist based in Hamilton, Alabama whose career has spanned the late 1970s until the present time. She has toured throughout the U.S. performing at events that also featured preachers and Christian artists such as Jim Bakker, Jimmy Swaggart, Benny Hinn and the Gaither Homecoming. Her singing voice is classified in the Mississippi Delta style, which is fused with blues, urban contemporary gospel, and bluegrass gospel influences. She is the Director and Founder of "The Ramp," a youth ministry located in the city of Hamilton, Alabama. The Ramp operates with the goal of "awakening a generation," holding Christian rallies, concerts, and conferences for teenagers.

List of Assemblies of God people

The following are notable people associated (past or present) with the Assemblies of God.

List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 493

This is a list of all the United States Supreme Court cases from volume 493 of the United States Reports:

Terrell v. Morris, 493 U.S. 1 (1989) (per curiam)

White v. United States, 493 U.S. 5 (1989) (per curiam)

Northbrook Nat. Ins. Co. v. Brewer, 493 U.S. 6 (1989)

Hallstrom v. Tillamook County, 493 U.S. 20 (1989)

Michigan Citizens for Independent Press v. Thornburgh, 493 U.S. 38 (1989) (per curiam)

Chesapeake & Ohio R. Co. v. Schwalb, 493 U.S. 40 (1989)

United States v. Sperry Corp., 493 U.S. 52 (1989)

Breininger v. Sheet Metal Workers, 493 U.S. 67 (1989)

Golden State Transit Corp. v. Los Angeles, 493 U.S. 103 (1989)

Pavelic & LeFlore v. Marvel Entertainment Group, Div. of Cadence Industries Corp., 493 U.S. 120 (1989)

United States v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., 493 U.S. 132 (1989)

John Doe Agency v. John Doe Corp., 493 U.S. 146 (1989)

Hoffmann-La Roche Inc. v. Sperling, 493 U.S. 165 (1989)

University of Pennsylvania v. EEOC, 493 U.S. 182 (1990)

Commissioner v. Indianapolis Power & Light Co., 493 U.S. 203 (1990)

FW/PBS, Inc. v. Dallas, 493 U.S. 215 (1990)

Spallone v. United States, 493 U.S. 265 (1990)

James v. Illinois, 493 U.S. 307 (1990)

Franchise Tax Bd. of Cal. v. Alcan Aluminium Ltd., 493 U.S. 331 (1990)

Dowling v. United States, 493 U.S. 342 (1990)

Guidry v. Sheet Metal Workers Nat. Pension Fund, 493 U.S. 365 (1990)

Jimmy Swaggart Ministries v. Board of Equalization of Cal., 493 U.S. 378 (1990)

W. S. Kirkpatrick & Co. v. Environmental Tectonics Corp., Int'l, 493 U.S. 400 (1990)

FTC v. Superior Court Trial Lawyers Assn., 493 U.S. 411 (1990)

Tafflin v. Levitt, 493 U.S. 455 (1990)

Holland v. Illinois, 493 U.S. 474 (1990)

Sullivan v. Zebley, 493 U.S. 521 (1990)

Baltimore City Dept. of Social Servs. v. Bouknight, 493 U.S. 549 (1990)

Mickey Gilley

Mickey Leroy Gilley (born March 9, 1936) is an American country music singer and musician. Although he started out singing straight-up country and western material in the 1970s, he moved towards a more pop-friendly sound in the 1980s, bringing him further success on not just the country charts, but the pop charts as well.

Among his biggest hits are "Room Full of Roses," "Don't the Girls All Get Prettier at Closing Time," and the remake of the Soul hit "Stand by Me". Gilley has charted 42 singles in the top 40 on the US Country chart. He is a cousin of Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl McVoy, Jim Gilley and Jimmy Swaggart.

Pass the Ammo

Pass the Ammo is a 1988 American comedy film starring Bill Paxton, Annie Potts, Linda Kozlowski and Tim Curry. The film is a spoof of televangelism released right after the real-life scandals related to Jim Bakker and Jimmy Swaggart. The movie's working title during production was ...And Pass the Ammunition, a references to the phrase "praise the Lord and pass the ammunition."

Rufus D. Hayes

Rufus D. Hayes (May 15, 1913–February 12, 2002) was an attorney, judge, and businessman from Baton Rouge, Louisiana, who served as his state’s insurance commissioner from 1957-1964. He was also a former district attorney in East Baton Rouge Parish and in 1958 the Louisiana Democratic state chairman. He was a delegate to the 1956 and 1960 Democratic National Conventions held in Chicago, Illinois, and Los Angeles, California, respectively.Hayes graduated from Southern Baptist-affiliated Louisiana College in Pineville. He received his law degree from Louisiana State University Law Center. During World War II he fought in the Pacific Theater of Operations.Hayes was appointed insurance commissioner by Governor Earl Kemp Long after Long convinced the legislature to remove the insurance duties from the domain of Secretary of State Wade O. Martin, Jr., with whom Long had quarreled. Hayes won a term of his own in the Democratic runoff election, held on January 9, 1960, having defeated Paul C. Tate (1922–1983) of Mamou in Evangeline Parish, the choice of gubernatorial candidate Bill Dodd. Hayes ran on the Jimmie Davis ticket, all of whose members prevailed in the runoff election. After the elimination of Bill Dodd in the gubernatorial primary, Tate ran on the Morrison intraparty ticket, which was defeated by Davis. Thereafter, Hayes was the only statewide Democratic nominee unopposed in the general election held on April 19, 1960, but none of the Democrats faced a serious threat to election.In 1963-1964, Hayes did not seek a second elected term as insurance commissioner and was succeeded by Dudley A. Guglielmo, who carried the endorsement of defeated gubernatorial candidates Gillis Long, Shelby M. Jackson, Robert F. Kennon, and Claude Kirkpatrick. Two of the defeated candidates were the outgoing Louisiana State Representative Jack M. Dyer, also of Baton Rouge, who ran on the intraparty ticket of deLesseps Story "Chep" Morrison, Sr., and the departing State Senator Speedy O. Long of La Salle Parish, the choice of John J. McKeithen, the winner of the gubernatorial primary runoff and general election.

In 1985, Hayes sold for $750,000 a 14-acre (57,000 m2) parcel on Highland Road to Jimmy Swaggart Ministries.Hayes was a judge after his time as insurance commissioner ended. For forty-two years, he was a member of the Hancock Bank board. At the time of his death, Hayes was residing in Baton Rouge in East Baton Rouge Parish. He was living in Oklahoma at the time he acquired his Social Security card.


SBN can mean:

Naval Aircraft Factory SBN, a scout/torpedo bomber from the mid-1930s

South Bend International Airport, IATA code

Sehar Broadcasting Network, a television channel in Pakistan

Small Business Network, by PCM, Inc.

Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology

Sonlife Broadcasting Network of the Jimmy Swaggart Ministries

Southern Broadcasting Network, in the Philippines

Standard Beatbox Notation, a beatboxing notation

Standard Book Numbering, which developed into ISBN

Strontium barium niobate

Former Student Broadcast Network, UK

Subtract and branch if negative, computer opcode

Supervision Broadcasting Network, Mongolia


Salvation! (also known as Salvation!: Have You Said Your Prayers Today?) is a 1987 American black comedy film directed by Beth B, and starring Viggo Mortensen, Exene Cervenka, and Stephen McHattie. The film is a parody of televangelism, and was released right after the real-life Jim Bakker and Jimmy Swaggart scandals.The film was released on VHS, but not as yet on DVD.

Sugar Walls

"Sugar Walls" is the second single from Sheena Easton's 1984 album A Private Heaven. It spent 16 weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 in the United States, nine of which were in the top 40.

It reached #9 overall, as well as #3 on the R&B chart and #1 on the Dance chart. The song failed to chart well in Easton's native UK. It was composed by Alexander Nevermind, a pseudonym used by Prince.The song title is presumed to be a euphemism for the lining of her vagina, which was perhaps sufficiently subtle by itself, but the general content was considered suggestive enough to qualify the song for the "Filthy Fifteen." Although Easton's music video for "Sugar Walls" did not in itself feature any controversial visual content, some broadcasters refused the video airplay because of the sexual imagery of the song's lyrics. Televangelist Jimmy Swaggart and Tipper Gore's PMRC criticized the song when it was first released."Sugar Walls" was released on April 13, 2019 as a 12' single picture disc by RT Industries for 2019 National Record Store Day.

The Best Band You Never Heard in Your Life

The Best Band You Never Heard in Your Life is a double-disc live album by American musician Frank Zappa, released in 1991. The album was one of three to be recorded during the 1988 world tour, along with Broadway the Hard Way and Make a Jazz Noise Here. Each of these three accounts of the 1988 tour has a different emphasis: Broadway the Hard Way mainly consists of new compositions; Make a Jazz Noise Here is a sampler of classic Zappa tunes, most of them instrumental; and The Best Band... devotes itself to covers. Some of these are unlikely (such as "Stairway to Heaven" by Led Zeppelin), while many are from Zappa's extensive back catalogue. His mid-1970s output is emphasized in the selection, but there is also some material from the Mothers of Invention's late 1960s recordings and one song ("Lonesome Cowboy Burt") from 200 Motels. It was re-issued in 1995 and 2012 along with his entire catalogue.

The album is also notable for its extended section of potshots against American Pentacostal televangelist Jimmy Swaggart, who had then just confessed to transgressions with a prostitute on live television; the speech was later dubbed his "I have sinned" speech. "Lonesome Cowboy Burt", "More Trouble Every Day" and "Penguin in Bondage" feature entirely rewritten lyrics to capitalize on and satirize the scandal.


W16DQ-D is a low-power television station in St. Petersburg, Florida, broadcasting locally on channel 16. The station is owned by HC2 Holdings and leased to Sonlife Broadcasting Network (SBN), a Christian television network owned by Jimmy Swaggart Ministries.From June 2007 to May 2008, this station affiliated with LAT TV, a Spanish-language network. Since that network folded and until its affiliation with SBN, it is unknown what programming that station offered.

The station converted to digital in October 2011, flash cutting on channel 43. In 2017, the station moved to channel 16, using the frequency vacated by WUSF-TV in 2009; the station's call letters changed from W43CE-D to W16DQ-D. Through the use of PSIP, the station's virtual channel remains 43.

In June 2013, W43CE-D was slated to be sold to Landover 5 LLC as part of a larger deal involving 51 other low-power television stations; the sale fell through in June 2016. Mako Communications sold its stations, including W43CE-D, to HC2 Holdings in 2017.


WGSG (89.5 FM) is a radio station broadcasting a Christian format. Licensed to Mayo, Florida, United States, the station is currently owned by Jimmy Swaggart Ministries.


WJFM (88.5 FM) is a radio station broadcasting a Christian radio format. Licensed to Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States, the station is currently owned by Jimmy Swaggart Ministries. The listener-supported station is run by Sonlife Radio, a ministry of Jimmy Swaggart Ministries.

Its programming is also broadcast full-time on co-owned KCKR (91.1 FM) serving Lafayette, Louisiana, WQUA (102.1 FM) serving the Mobile Alabama area; WJYM (730 AM) serving Bowling Green/Toledo, Ohio area; and WFFL (91.7 FM) serving Panama City, Florida; and WGSG (89.5 FM) serving Lake City, Florida. SonLife Radio is also broadcast full-time on a growing network of broadcast translators around the U.S., mostly in the south and west.

The station has been programming this format since 1995, and offers programming from the Family Worship Center and Jimmy Swaggart Ministries.


WJYM is an American radio station licensed to broadcast from Bowling Green, Ohio. Its studios and transmitter are located in Lime City near Perrysburg, and the station serves the Toledo metropolitan area.

Presently, WJYM is a Christian radio station, and is owned by the ministry of noted evangelist Jimmy Swaggart. It operates 24 hours a day with 1 kW during daylight hours, and reduced power of 250 W and 359 W during post-sunset, nighttime, and pre-sunrise hours, using a four-tower directional antenna system.

PTL scandal
PTL Ministry


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