Jimmy Dykes

James Joseph Dykes (November 10, 1896 – June 15, 1976) was an American third and second baseman, manager and coach in Major League Baseball who played for the Philadelphia Athletics and Chicago White Sox from 1918 to 1939. He batted over .300 five times and led the American League in assists once at second base and twice at third base, ending his career sixth in AL history in games at third base (1,253), and seventh in putouts (1,361), assists (2,403), total chances (3,952) and double plays (199).

When he retired, he ranked eighth in AL history in games played (2,282), and ninth in at bats (8,046). He holds the Athletics franchise record for career doubles (365), and formerly held team marks for career games and at bats.

He went on to become the winningest manager in White Sox history with 899 victories over 13 seasons, though his teams never finished above third place; he later became the first manager in history to win 1,000 games without capturing a league pennant.

Jimmy Dykes
Jimmy-dykes
Dykes in 1923
Third baseman / Second baseman / Manager
Born: November 10, 1896
Philadelphia, Philadelphia
Died: June 15, 1976 (aged 79)
Philadelphia, Philadelphia
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
May 6, 1918, for the Philadelphia Athletics
Last MLB appearance
October 1, 1939, for the Chicago White Sox
MLB statistics
Batting average.280
Hits2,256
Home runs108
Runs batted in1,071
Managerial record1,406–1,541
Winning %.477
Teams
As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards

Early career

Born in Philadelphia, Dykes played for three local teams at age 16 in 1913. The first was "his father's Penn Street Boys Club"; the second one paid 50 cents a game plus carfare (to Ardmore on the Main Line); the third paid $1 a game. By 19 he played in the Delaware County League, which the major leagues declared an outlaw league a few years later, for infringing their control of the professional sport.[1]

Dykes began his major league career on May 6, 1918, as a second baseman for the Athletics, and served in the wartime Army after the season ended. He spent most of 1919 in the minor leagues after reporting out of shape in spring training, but quickly became one of manager Connie Mack's favorite players with his defensive versatility and easygoing manner, and remained with the club for the next 14 years, primarily at third base.[2]

With powerful wrists[2] and reputedly the sport's best throwing arm, he took advantage of Shibe Park's friendly dimensions to finish among the league leaders in home runs in 1921 and 1922, and batted .312, .323, and .324 in 1924, 1925 and 1927.[3] He was named team MVP in 1924 and placed eighth in the league MVP vote in 1927.

In one 1927 game, he played every position except catcher and left fielder, even appearing as a relief pitcher. In 1929, he batted .327 and was ninth in the American League in slugging average as the Athletics won their first pennant in 15 years. He capped the season by hitting .421 in the World Series against the Chicago Cubs; in Game 4, he had two hits and three runs batted in in a 10-run seventh inning as Philadelphia overcame an 8-0 deficit, and they won the Series in five games.

Late career

In 1930 Dykes batted .301 as the Athletics repeated as champions; in the 1930 World Series against the St. Louis Cardinals, he batted only .222, but drove in the winning run in Game 1 and had a 2-run home run in the final Game 6, a 7-1 victory.

In 1931, his batting average dropped to .273 as Philadelphia won its third straight pennant; but they lost their rematch with the Cardinals as he hit .227 in the 7-game Series.[3]

At the end of the 1932 season, after a disappointing year for the team, Dykes was sold to the White Sox together with Al Simmons and Mule Haas in order to keep the franchise afloat during the Depression; with the Sox, he was selected to the first two All-Star Games in 1933 and 1934.

In 22 seasons, Dykes was a career .280 hitter with 2,256 hits, 108 home runs, 1108 runs and 1071 RBI in 2,282 games, along with 453 doubles and 90 triples. His 115 times being hit by a pitch ranked second in AL history behind Kid Elberfeld's 142, and his 850 strikeouts ranked fourth in major league history. He was the last active major leaguer who had played in the 1910s. His Athletics team records of 1,702 games and 6,023 at-bats were broken in the 1970s by Bert Campaneris after the franchise relocated to Oakland.

Managerial career

Early in the 1934 season, he succeeded Lew Fonseca as White Sox manager; he was a player-manager from 1934 through 1939, and after retiring as a player continued as manager until early 1946. The White Sox finished in third place three times in his tenure. In 1936, they finished 81-70 (with two ties) while tied in percentage (.536) with the Washington Senators for 3rd place, 20 games behind the New York Yankees. His best finish with the White Sox was the 1937 season, when they finished with an 86-68 record, which was good for 3rd place in the American League that year, having finished 16 games behind the New York Yankees. They finished in third place in 1941, finishing 77-77 (with 2 ties) and 24 games back of the Yankees. The White Sox did not finish in 3rd place again until 1952. The worst finish for the White Sox during his tenure was his 49-88 record in his first year; his 10-20 record during his last season in 1946 was his worst in terms of percentage.[4]

As a manager, he proved more combative and argumentative than he had been as a player, and was often fined and suspended; his 62 ejections were among the all-time top ten when he retired.[2] After Ted Lyons replaced him as the White Sox manager, Dykes managed two years in the minor leagues with the Hollywood Stars. He returned to the majors in 1949 as a coach with the Athletics. On May 26, 1950—one month into the season—he was promoted to assistant manager. It was also announced that Mack would retire after the 1950 season after 50 years at the helm, and Dykes would succeed him for the 1951 season. However, Dykes essentially became manager without the official title for the remainder of the 1950 season; he became the team's main game-day operator, and split control over most baseball matters with former teammate Mickey Cochrane, who became general manager. Although Mack, who by this time was now sole owner of the club, maintained his position as team president, he was now a figurehead. Dykes remained as manager until the end of the 1953 season. In his three seasons with the Athletics, the team finished 6th, 4th, and 7th, respectively. The 1952 season had them finish 79-75 (16 games behind the Yankees). This was the only winning season of the Athletics in the 1950s. This was the team's last .500 season until 1968.

Jimmy Dykes
Jimmy Dykes as manager of the Athletics.

Dykes was named the Baltimore Orioles' first manager in 1954 after that franchise relocated from St. Louis. In his only season with the team, he went 54-100. This was his only 100 loss season. Dykes left in a team reorganization which ended with Paul Richards becoming both field and general manager in 1955. Dykes then ended his 35 years in the American League when he became a coach with the National League's Cincinnati Redlegs, leading them as interim manager for part of 1958. However, he came back to the AL as manager of the Detroit Tigers in 1959. The Tigers team had lost 15 of their first 17 games under Bill Norman before being fired one month into the season before Dykes was hired. His 1959 team went 74-63 (while finishing 76–78 overall), good for 4th place and 18 games behind his old White Sox team. He managed them to a 44-52 record in 1960.[4] At that point, Frank Lane, then general manager of the Cleveland Indians and famous for his numerous transactions, sent Joe Gordon to Detroit and brought Dykes to Cleveland in a rare trade of managers. Dykes managed the Indians from 1960–1961. His teams went 26-32 and 77-83.[3]

In 21 seasons as a manager, Dykes compiled a 1,406-1,541 record; he never won a pennant, and his highest finish was third place.[4] He ended his 44-year major league career in 1964 after completing three seasons of coaching for the Milwaukee Braves and the Athletics, who had relocated to Kansas City by that time. Although he had a different style of managing his teams, Dykes had authority, was testy and combative; he liked to make use of his entire roster and was regarded as a motivator of players.

In a 1954 news story, Dykes was characterized as generally well liked by the players under him.[5] "He's a pretty good guy,"[5] one Oriole said, "he doesn't say much but he knows how to put you straight when he has to."[5] "Everyone feels pretty good under him,"[5] another player said. "You know he expects you to play ball but he doesn't come around and bother you about it."[5] Dykes was known as a practical jokester and was especially fond of exploding cigars which he passed out like candy.[5] At one time he got confused when handing one to a sportswriter he knew, which exploded in his own face in front of the intended victim; "got my hands crossed", Dykes explained.[5] Dykes died in Philadelphia at age 79.[6]

Team From To Regular season record Post–season record
W L Win % W L Win %
Chicago White Sox 1934 1946 899 940 .489 DNQ
Philadelphia Athletics 1951 1953 208 254 .450
Baltimore Orioles 1954 1954 54 100 .351
Cincinnati Redlegs 1958 1958 24 17 .585
Detroit Tigers 1959 1960 118 115 .506
Cleveland Indians 1960 1961 103 115 .472
Total 1406 1541 .477 0 0
Reference:[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Lanctot, Neil (1994). Fair Dealing and Clean Playing: the Hilldale Club and the development of black professional baseball, 1910–1932. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. p. 6. ISBN 0-89950-988-6.
  2. ^ a b c "Biography". sabr.org. Retrieved 2007-07-30.
  3. ^ a b c "Jimmy Dykes career statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2007-07-30.
  4. ^ a b c d "Jimmy Dykes managerial statistics". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved 2007-07-30.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Baillie, Scott (March 29, 1954). "Sportrait For Today". Coshocton Tribune (Coshocton, Ohio). Accessed through Ancestry.com database, June 7, 2009
  6. ^ "Jimmy Dykes career statistics". retrosheet.org. Retrieved 2007-07-30.

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Buck Fausett
Hollywood Stars manager
1946–1948
Succeeded by
Lou Stringer
1933 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1933 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the first edition of the All-Star Game known as the "Midsummer Classic". This was the first official playing of the midseason exhibition baseball game between Major League Baseball's (MLB's) National League (NL) and American League (AL) All-Star teams. The game was held on July 6, 1933, at Comiskey Park in Chicago, Illinois, the home of the AL's Chicago White Sox. The game resulted in the AL defeating the NL 4–2, in two hours and five minutes.

The first MLB All-Star game (unofficial all-star game called the Addie Joss Benefit Game) was held on July 24, 1911, in Cleveland at Cleveland League Park (League Park, 1891–1946), the American League All-Stars versus the Cleveland Naps (1903–1915). The AL All-Stars won 5-3.

1934 Chicago White Sox season

The 1934 Chicago White Sox season was the team's 34th season in the major leagues and its 35th season overall. They finished with a record 53–99, good enough for eighth and last place in the American League (47 games behind the first place Detroit Tigers).

1935 Chicago White Sox season

The 1935 Chicago White Sox season was the team's 35th season in the major leagues, and its 36th season overall. They finished with a record 74–78, good enough for 5th place in the American League, 19.5 games behind the first place Detroit Tigers.

1936 Chicago White Sox season

The 1936 Chicago White Sox season was the White Sox's 36th season in the major leagues, and their 37th season overall. They finished with a record 81–70, good enough for 4th place in the American League, 20 games behind the first place New York Yankees.

1937 Chicago White Sox season

The 1937 Chicago White Sox season was the White Sox's 37th season in the major leagues, and their 38th season overall . They finished with a record 86–68, good enough for 3rd place in the American League, 16 games behind the first place New York Yankees.

1938 Chicago White Sox season

The 1938 Chicago White Sox season was the White Sox's 38th season in the major leagues and their 39th season overall. They finished with a record 65–83, good enough for 5th place in the American League, 32 games behind the first place New York Yankees.

1939 Chicago White Sox season

The 1939 Chicago White Sox season was the team's 39th season in major league baseball, and its 40th season overall. They finished with a record 85–69, good enough for 4th place in the American League, 22.5 games behind the first place New York Yankees.

1954 Baltimore Orioles season

The 1954 Baltimore Orioles season was the franchise's 54th season (it was founded as the Milwaukee Brewers in 1901, then played as the St. Louis Browns from 1902–53) but its first season as the Baltimore Orioles. The season involved the Orioles finishing 7th in the American League with a record of 54 wins and 100 losses, 57 games behind the AL champion Cleveland Indians in their first season in Baltimore. The team was managed by Jimmy Dykes, and played its home games at Baltimore's Memorial Stadium.

1958 Cincinnati Redlegs season

The 1958 Cincinnati Redlegs season consisted of the Redlegs finishing in fourth place in the National League standings with a record of 76–78, 16 games behind the Milwaukee Braves. The Redlegs played their home games at Crosley Field. The season started with Birdie Tebbetts managing the club, but after the Redlegs went 52–61, Tebbetts was replaced in August by Jimmy Dykes, who went 24–17 the rest of the way.

1959 Detroit Tigers season

The 1959 Detroit Tigers season was the 59th season for the American League franchise in Detroit. Although the Tigers lost 15 of their first 17 games in 1959—resulting in the May 2 firing of manager Bill Norman—they recovered under his successor, Jimmy Dykes, to finish in fourth place with a record of 76–78, eighteen games behind the AL Champion Chicago White Sox.

2016–17 Arkansas Razorbacks women's basketball team

The 2016–17 Arkansas Razorbacks women's basketball team represented the University of Arkansas in the 2016–17 NCAA Division I women's basketball season. The Razorbacks, led by third year head coach Jimmy Dykes, play their games at Bud Walton Arena and are members of the Southeastern Conference. They finished the season 13–17, 2–14 in SEC play to finish in last place. They lost in the first round of the SEC Women's Tournament to Florida.

On March 3, Jimmy Dykes resigned as head coach. He finished at Arkansas with a 3-year record of 43–49.

ESPN College Basketball broadcast teams

The ESPN College Basketball broadcast teams are listed in the table below. These are weekly regular-season pairings for College Basketball on ESPN, including games broadcast on ESPN and ESPN2.

James Dykes

James or Jimmy Dykes may refer to:

James Oswald Dykes (1835–1912), Scottish clergyman

Jimmy Dykes (1896–1976), American baseball player and manager

Jimmy Dykes (basketball) (born 1961), American basketball commentator and coach

Jimmy Dykes (footballer) (1916–1974), Scottish footballer

Jimmy Dykes (Irish footballer) (1898-1976), Irish footballer

Jimmy Dykes (rugby union), Scottish international rugby union player

Jimmy Lee Dykes, perpetrator of the 2013 Alabama bunker hostage crisis

Jimmy Dykes (Irish footballer)

John Joseph "Jimmy" Dykes (1898 – 25 June 1976) was an Irish footballer. He competed in the men's tournament at the 1924 Summer Olympics.

Jimmy Dykes (basketball)

Jimmy Dykes (born May 3, 1961) is a former American college basketball coach and current sportscaster for ESPN and SEC Network. He was the women's basketball head coach at the University of Arkansas until resigning in March 2017.Before making the transition to working for ESPN the first time, Dykes served as a men's assistant basketball coach at University of Arkansas, Appalachian State University, University of Kentucky, Arkansas State University, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, and Oklahoma State University. He has also served as a scout for the NBA's Seattle SuperSonics. Dykes also served as Shiloh Christian School's (located in Springdale, Arkansas) Director of Athletics in 2006.

Jimmy Dykes (footballer)

James Dykes (12 October 1916 – 1974) was a Scottish footballer, who played for Heart of Midlothian and appeared twice for the Scotland national football team in 1938. He was born in Law, South Lanarkshire. His senior career was effectively curtailed by the Second World War, and he made guest appearances for a variety of clubs in England and Northern Ireland during that war. After ending his playing career in 1951, Dykes emigrated to Australia.

Jimmy Dykes (rugby union)

James Dykes was a Scottish international rugby union player.He was capped twenty times for Scotland between 1922-29. He also played for Glasgow Academicals RFC.His brother Andrew was also capped for Scotland.

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