Jim Ryun

James Ronald Ryun (born April 29, 1947) is a former American politician and track and field athlete. He won a silver medal in the 1500 m at the 1968 Summer Olympics, and was the first high school athlete to run a mile in under four minutes. He is the last American to hold the world record in the mile run. Ryun later served in the United States House of Representatives from 1996 to 2007, representing Kansas' 2nd congressional district for the Republican Party.

Jim Ryun
Jimryun
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kansas's 2nd district
In office
November 27, 1996 – January 3, 2007
Preceded bySam Brownback
Succeeded byNancy Boyda
Personal details
Born
James Ronald Ryun

April 29, 1947 (age 72)
Wichita, Kansas, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Anne Ryun
ResidenceJefferson County, Kansas
Alma materUniversity of Kansas
OccupationAthlete, sports management executive
Sports career
Personal information
NationalityAmerican
BornApril 29, 1947 (age 72)
Wichita, Kansas
Height188 cm (6 ft 2 in)[1]
Weight76 kg (168 lb)
SportTrack
Event(s)1500 meters, Mile
College teamUniversity of Kansas
ClubClub West
Sports achievements and titles
Personal best(s)880 yards: 1:44.9[2]
1500 meters: 3:33.1[2]
Mile: 3:51.1[2]
2-mile: 8:25.1[2]
5000 meters: 13:38.2[2]

Athletics

According to Ryun, he began running because

I couldn't do anything else. When you're cut from the church baseball team, the junior high basketball team, and you can't make the junior high track and field team ...

I'd go to bed at night and I'd say, "Dear God, if you've got a plan for my life, I'd appreciate it if you'd show up sooner or later because it's not really going very well." I found myself trying out for the cross-country team and running two miles even though I'd never run that distance before. All of a sudden, I made the team, I got a letter jacket, and I started thinking there's a girlfriend behind the letter jacket. But that's how it all began.[3]

Early years

In 1964, as a high school junior at Wichita East High School, Ryun became the first high school athlete to run a mile in under 4 minutes. His time was 3:59.0. His time of 3:55.3 in 1965 was a high school record that stood for 36 years. Ryun ran a sub-four minute mile five times while in high school. He is the only high school athlete to have run more than three sub-four minute miles. As a high school senior he was voted the fourth best miler in the world by Track & Field News. ESPN.com named him the best high school athlete of all time, beating out people such as Tiger Woods and LeBron James.[4] He was Track and Field News "High School Athlete of the Year" in 1965.[5]

Post-high school

In 1966, at age nineteen, Ryun set world records in the mile (3:51.3) and the half-mile (1:44.9). He received numerous awards, including Sports Illustrated magazine's "Sportsman of the Year" award, the James E. Sullivan Award as the nation's top amateur athlete, the ABC's Wide World of Sports Athlete of the Year award, and the Track & Field News' Athlete of the Year award as the world's best track & field athlete.

In 1967, Ryun set a world record in the indoor half mile (1:48.3) and the outdoor mile from (3:51.1), a record that stood for almost eight years. That same year he set the world record for the 1,500 meters (3:33.1). In NCAA competition, Ryun was the 1967 NCAA outdoor mile champion. He was also the NCAA indoor mile champion in 1967, 1968, and 1969.

Ryun still holds the American junior (19 and under) records at 1,500 m (3:36.1), one mile (3:51.3), and two miles (8:25.1). His American junior record in the 800 meters lasted exactly 50 years. In all, he broke the American record for the mile four times: once as a high school senior (3:55.3 on June 27, 1965), twice as a college freshman (3:53.7 on June 4, 1966 and 3:51.3 on July 17, 1966), and once as a college sophomore (3:51.1 on June 23, 1967).

Ryun participated in the 1964, 1968, and 1972 Summer Olympics. At age 17 years, 137 days in 1964, he remains the youngest American male track athlete to ever qualify for the Olympics.[6] In 1968, he won the silver medal in the 1,500 meters in Mexico City, losing to Kip Keino from Kenya, whose remarkable race remained the Olympic 1,500-meter record for 16 years. Before the race, Ryun had thought that a time of 3:39 would be good enough to win in the high altitude of Mexico City. He ended up running faster than that with a 3:37.8, but Keino's 3:34.9 was too tough to beat at that altitude. Keino moved into the first position with two laps to go (800 meters) at world record pace. Ryun continued to move up during the last two laps from eighth to second but was never closer than about 30 yards from Keino.[7] Years later, in 1981, he told Tex Maule in an interview for The Runner magazine, "We had thought that 3:39 would win and I ran under that. I considered it like winning a gold medal; I had done my very best and I still believe I would have won at sea level." Ryun was attacked by some writers who believed he had let his nation down. "Some even said I had let down the whole world. I didn't get any credit for running my best and no one seemed to realize that Keino had performed brilliantly." In the 1972 Munich, Germany, Games, he was tripped and fell down during a 1,500-meter qualifying heat. Although the International Olympic Committee (IOC) acknowledged that a foul had occurred, U.S. appeals to have Ryun reinstated in the competition were denied by the IOC.[8][9]

Ryun's 1,500-meter world record, run in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum during the United States vs. British Commonwealth meet in July 1967, was one of Ryun's greatest running performances. Track and Field News reported that "after 220 yards of dawdling, a record seemed out of the question." However, after 440 yards, which Ryun, in third, passed in 60.9 seconds, Kip Keino took the lead and ran the next lap in 56 seconds (the fastest second lap ever run at the time). Ryun, just behind, passed the 880-yard mark in 1:57.0. At 1,320 yards the two were side by side in 2:55.0. Ryun pulled away to finish in 3:33.1, a record that stood for seven years. With last 440 yards of 53.9, a last 880 yards of 1:51.3, and the final 1320 yards in 2:47.4, Cordner Nelson of Track and Field News called it "the mightiest finishing drive ever seen," and said of Ryun's performance, "This was most certainly his greatest race."[10]

Ryun's final season as an amateur was in 1972, and included the third-best mile of his career (at the time, the third fastest in history: a 3:52.8 at Toronto, Canada on July 29): a 5,000-meter career best (13:38.2 at Bakersfield, CA on May 20), and a win in the 1,500 meters at the U.S. Olympic Trials. He left amateur athletics after 1972 and for the next two years ran professionally on the International Track Association circuit.

World records

Distance Time Date City
880 yards 1:44.9 June 10, 1966 Terre Haute, IN
880 yards (indoor) 1:48.3 1967
1,500 meters 3:33.1 July 8, 1967 Los Angeles, CA
One Mile 3:51.3 July 17, 1966 Berkeley, CA
One Mile 3:51.1 June 23, 1967 Bakersfield, CA
One Mile (indoor) 3:56.4 February 19, 1971 San Diego, CA

Notes:

  • Because 880 yards is longer than 800 meters, the 1:44.9 was converted into an estimated en-route-time at 800 meters of 1:44.3, which equaled the existing 800 meters world record, but was not ratified as a record in that event. The 880 yards mark remained the world and American record until broken by Rick Wohlhuter's 1.44.6 in 1973.
  • The 3:33.1 1,500 meters mark remained the world record for six years until broken by Tanzania's Filbert Bayi's 3:32.2 in 1974.
  • The 3:51.1-mile mark remained the world record for eight years until broken by Bayi's 3:51.0 in 1975.

Athletic awards

Jim Ryun 1966
Ryun as a sports journalist in 1966

& 1967, the first athlete to win this prestigious award two years in a row.

800/880
  • 1966 – 1
1500/Mile
  • 1965 – 4
  • 1966 – 1
  • 1967 – 1
  • 1968 – 2
  • 1969 – 7
  • 1971 – 6
  • 1972 – 9

In 1980 Ryun was inducted into the National Track and Field Hall of Fame[11] and in 2003 into the National Distance Running Hall of Fame.

Personal life

Jim Ryun with wife 1971
Ryun with wife in 1971

Ryun was born in Wichita, Kansas. He now lives in Lawrence, though he was listed in the House roll as "R-Topeka." He also owns a farm in Jefferson County.

Ryun met his wife, Anne, when she asked him for an autograph after he broke the world record for the mile in Berkeley.[12] They married in 1969 and have four children and seven grandchildren. He and his sons, Ned Ryun and Drew, have co-authored three books: Heroes Among Us, The Courage to Run, and In Quest of Gold- The Jim Ryun Story.

After graduating from the University of Kansas in 1970 with a degree in photojournalism, Ryun moved to Eugene, Oregon; looking for a good training situation to continue his track career. Six months later, he moved to Santa Barbara, California, where he and his family remained for nine years. He and his family moved back to Lawrence in 1981.

Raised in the Church of Christ, Ryun and his wife are members of Grace Evangelical Presbyterian Church in Lawrence.

Career prior to election to Congress

Before being elected to the House of Representatives in 1996, Ryun had operated Jim Ryun Sports, a company that ran sports camps, and worked as a motivational speaker at meetings of corporations and Christian groups around the country.[13] Among his projects, Ryun, who has a 50% hearing loss, helped the ReSound Hearing Aid Company develop a program called Sounds of Success, aimed at helping children with hearing loss. Since 1973, Ryun and his family have hosted running camps every summer for promising high school aged runners.[14]

House of Representatives

According to Ryun, he was interested in politics but did not have plans to run for Congress until Todd Tiahrt told him during the 1996 Summer Olympics torch relay that the Topeka-based 2nd District would have a vacancy and suggested that he run.[3]

Elections

Ryun was first elected in 1996 to fill a seat vacated by Republican Sam Brownback. He won the three-person Republican primary with 62 percent of the vote, defeating former Topeka mayor Doug Wright and Cheryl Brown Henderson,[15] the daughter of the plaintiff in the historic Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka desegregation case.[13] In the general campaign, Ryun was in a tight race with Democrat John Frieden, a prominent Topeka trial attorney, who outspent Ryun $750,000 to $400,000.[13] Ryun won that contest with 52 percent of the vote. He would not face another contest nearly that close for almost a decade; he was reelected three times with at least 60 percent of the vote.

In 2004, Democrat Nancy Boyda, a former moderate Republican, ran a campaign with spending near that of Ryun's, $1,105,838 (compared to Ryun's $1,136,464).[16] Ryun defeated her by a margin of 55% to 42%, mainly due to the presence of George W. Bush atop the ticket.

In the 2006 election, Boyda was again the Democratic nominee, with Roger Tucker of the Reform Party of the United States of America also on the ballot.[17] Initially expected to win, Ryun found his campaign faltering as internal polling for both his campaign and Boyda's revealed Boyda was ahead. In response, Ryun's campaign recruited both President Bush and Vice President Cheney to visit Topeka to campaign and raise campaign funds for Ryun. Ryun was defeated in an upset by Boyda, 51% to 47%.[18]

In March 2007, Ryun confirmed that he would run for his old seat.[19] In the Republican primary, he faced Kansas State Treasurer Lynn Jenkins, a slightly more moderate Republican who served two terms as State Treasurer, a partial term in the Kansas Senate and two years in the Kansas House. Ryun lost to Jenkins, who went on to win the seat in the general election, 51% to 46%.[20]

Political actions

Ryun served on the Armed Services, Budget and Financial Services committees. He tallied a mostly conservative voting record.

Ryun generally supported George W. Bush's legislative agenda, voting to support it 89% of the time, average for a House member who was from the same party as the sitting President.[21] In 2003, he voted against the $373 billion end-of-session spending bill because he considered it to be too costly and had come to Congress to support fiscal restraint.

Ryun broke with the President over two major initiatives, No Child Left Behind and Medicare reform legislation that included a prescription drug benefit. In voting against No Child Left Behind, Ryun said he believed states should have more control over their own education system. In opposing the Medicare bill, Ryun said the bill didn't provide enough reform to keep future costs from soaring.

In 2006, the National Journal rated Ryun as the nation's most conservative member of Congress.[22] He was a member of the Republican Study Committee, a caucus of 103 fiscally and socially conservative House Republicans.

Environmental record

In 2005, Ryun scored 0 percent on the Republicans for Environmental Protection ("REP") scorecard. There were 12 issues that were considered by the REP to be critical environmental issues.[23] Jim Ryun voted with what the REP would consider pro-environment on none of the issues voted upon. These issues consisted of the drilling of oil and natural gas, Congressman Richard Pombo's bill designed to weaken the Endangered Species Act of 1973, an amendment to the Energy Policy Act of 2005, by Congresswoman Lois Capps to remove section 1502, a provision that would provide liability protection for manufacturers of the gasoline additive MTBE, and the movement to increase fuel economy standards.[23]

Ryun also scored a 0 on League of Conservation Voters's ("LCV") scorecard. Many of REP's critical issues were present on the scorecard.[24]

In 2006, Ryun improved his REP scorecard when he voted pro-environment on 2 of 7 critical issues. This earned him a 17 percent.[25] He voted to help reduce the impact the Army Corps of Engineers had on the environment. The issues in which he voted against the REP were ones involving oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, renewable resource programs, and the movement to end debate and accept the Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act.

Controversies

Townhouse purchase in 2000

On December 15, 2000, Ryun bought a townhouse in the District of Columbia from U.S. Family Network for $410,000,[26][27][28] The townhouse had been purchased about two years earlier, for $429,000,[29] to house Buckham's consulting firm Alexander Strategy Group and DeLay's ARMPAC.

After questions were raised as to the purchase of Ryun's townhome, his office released official documents showing that Ryun paid $80,000 more than the tax assessed value of the house, that he put another $50,000 into house repairs and that another home on the same block was sold for $409,000 on the same day he bought his home. According to property records, the other home does not have a garage or a back patio and is on a land area about half the size of Ryun's. It was assessed in 2006 as worth $528,000, compared to $764,000 for Ryun's home. In contrast, homes across the street from Ryun's were sold for over $900,000.[30]

Connection to Mark Foley

After Rep. Mark Foley resigned in October 2006, following revelations he had sent sexually explicit e-mails to teenage congressional pages, Ryun contended that he barely knew Foley, had never spent time with him and was unaware that they lived directly across the street from each other in Washington, D.C. "I know that [we were neighbors] only because somebody has mentioned that, too, already," he told reporters at the time. However, it was later revealed that Ryun and Foley had hosted a joint fundraiser on their street on May 18, 2006, called the "D Street Block Party." An invitation to the fundraiser included side-by-side pictures of Ryun and Foley. Ryun's campaign manager later said that Ryun had always known he was Foley's neighbor.[31]

References

  1. ^ Jim Ryun. sports-reference.com
  2. ^ a b c d e All-Athletics. "Profile of Jim Ryun".
  3. ^ a b Fraioli, Mario (November 29, 2010). "The Best Ever: Exclusive Interview With Jim Ryun". Competitor.com. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  4. ^ "The List: Best high school athletes ever". ESPN.
  5. ^ "High School Boys Athletes of the Year". Track & Field News. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
  6. ^ Richard Hymans. "The History of the United States Olympic Trials — Track & Field" (PDF).
  7. ^ Athletics at the 1968 Ciudad de Mexico Summer Games: Men's 1,500 metres. sports-reference.com
  8. ^ Tim Wendel (March 12, 2013). Summer of '68: The Season That Changed Baseball--and America--Forever. Da Capo Press. pp. 162–. ISBN 978-0-306-82248-3.
  9. ^ Athletics at the 1972 Munchen Summer Games: Men's 1,500 metres. sports-reference.com
  10. ^ Nelson, Cordner (1967) The Jim Ryun Story. Tafnews Press.
  11. ^ Jim Ryun. National Track and Field Hall of Fame
  12. ^ Gambaccini, Peter (October 27, 2006). "Chat: Jim Ryun and Marty Liquori". Runner's World. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  13. ^ a b c Chris Wilson and Greg St. Clair, "The runner's last lap: how Jim Ryun refused to go negative, lost a big lead, then recovered in the final week to win a U.S. House seat" Archived March 22, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Campaigns & Elections, April 1997, published by Congressional Quarterly
  14. ^ "Jim Ryun Running Camps".
  15. ^ Toppo, Greg (May 16, 2004). "Cheryl Brown Henderson". USA Today. Retrieved August 30, 2006.
  16. ^ Total Raised and Spent 2004 Archived November 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Gunzburger, Ron. "Kansas". Politics1.
  18. ^ Ranney, Dave (November 8, 2006). "Democrats dominate". Lawrence Journal-World.
  19. ^ "Ryun Plans to Run for Congress". WIBW. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007.
  20. ^ "KS District 02 – 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  21. ^ Silva, Mark (August 24, 2006). "Bush slipping in the Senate, holding the House". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on April 30, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  22. ^ "National Journal's 2006 Vote Ratings House Liberal Scores". National Journal. Archived from the original on July 8, 2008.
  23. ^ a b Republicans for Environmental Protection 2005 Scorecard} Archived May 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ "Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee". League of Conservation Voters. Archived from the original on October 10, 2007.
  25. ^ "2006 Scorecard" (PDF). Republicans for Environmental Protection. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 15, 2007.
  26. ^ Deed for sale of U.S. Family Network's townhouse. Archived August 31, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ Paul Kiel (March 28, 2006), "Just How Sweet Was Ryun's Townhouse Deal?" Archived April 20, 2006, at the Wayback Machine, TPMMuckracker.com,
  28. ^ Smith, R. Jeffrey (March 25, 2006). "Former DeLay Aide Enriched By Nonprofit", The Washington Post
  29. ^ Deed for purchase of U.S. Family Network's townhouse, January 12, 1999, TPMMuckracker.com Archived September 20, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  30. ^ "Congressman denies improper real estate deal". NBC News. Associated Press. March 29, 2006.
  31. ^ Moon, Chris (October 23, 2006). "Ryun's story on Foley changes: Congressman has always known who lived across street". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Archived from the original on November 3, 2006. Retrieved November 16, 2006.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Sam Brownback
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kansas's 2nd congressional district

1996–2007-01-03
Succeeded by
Nancy Boyda
Records
Preceded by
Australia Herb Elliott
1500 m World Record Holder
July 8, 1967 – February 2, 1974
Succeeded by
Tanzania Filbert Bayi
Preceded by
France Michel Jazy
Men's Mile World Record Holder
July 17, 1966 – May 17, 1975
Preceded by
N/A
Men's World Junior Record Holder, 800 meters
June 10, 1966 – August 13, 1997
Succeeded by
Kenya Japheth Kimutai
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Australia Ron Clarke
Track & Field News Athlete of the Year
1966–1967
Succeeded by
United States Bob Beamon
Preceded by
Gerry Lindgren
Track & Field News High School Boys Athlete of the Year
1965
Succeeded by
Tim Danielson
1965 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships

The 1965 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships men's competition took place between June 25-26 at Balboa Stadium in San Diego, California. The women's division held their championships separately in Columbus, Ohio. Balboa Stadium was one of the first to sport an all-weather track made of asphalt and rubber.

The Marathon championships were run in October at the Yonkers Marathon.

One of the highlights of this meet was the 6 mile run, where Olympic Champion Billy Mills, known for his stunning sprint in the Olympics ("Look at Mills, Look at Mills!") was run down by Gerry Lindgren. Mills surged to take a narrow victory, both men being given the same time, which was the world record.

Also running was Olympic double champion Peter Snell and 1500 silver medalist Josef Odložil as visiting international athletes. Snell had just lost his world record in the mile to Michel Jazy two weeks earlier. While Jim Ryun was a high school star who had run in that same race in the Olympics, his win here was his first American record, narrowly pushed by competition from Snell and Jim Grelle. Olympic Champions Bob Schul and Warren "Rex" Cawley also won.

1966 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships

The 1966 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships men's competition took place between June 25-26 at Downing Stadium on Randalls Island in New York City, New York. The women's division held their championships separately in Frederick, Maryland. Both venues were dirt tracks.

The Marathon championships were run in October at the Yonkers Marathon for the final time after being designated the National Championships 18 times in succession.

Jim Ryun was the star of the show, running the first four minute mile in the northeastern United States.

1967 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships

The 1967 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships men's competition took place between June 26-28 at Memorial Stadium on the campus of Bakersfield College in Bakersfield, California. The women's division held their championships a little over a week later, separately, eighty miles southwest at La Playa Stadium on the campus of Santa Barbara City College, California. Both tracks were dirt tracks, technically a finely crushed brick surface.

This is the meet where Jim Ryun set the world record in the mile, uncharacteristically leading from the gun in 3:51.1, which lasted for almost eight years. Paul Wilson also set the world record in the pole vault, that lasted over a year until runner-up Bob Seagren beat it, at altitude, at the 1968 Olympic Trials.

In Santa Barbara, Barbara Ferrell also equalled the world record in the 100 meters at 11.1 (+0.3). Her record would last until Wyomia Tyus broke it in the Olympic final, at altitude, in Mexico City.

2006 United States House of Representatives elections in Kansas

The 2006 United States House of Representatives elections in Kansas were held on November 4, 2006 to determine who will represent the state of Kansas in the United States House of Representatives. Kansas has four seats in the House, apportioned according to the 2000 United States Census. Representatives are elected for two-year terms.

Athletics at the 1960 Summer Olympics – Men's 1500 metres

The 1500 final was much more of an endurance race than contemporary strategic races. Michel Jazy took the lead from the beginning and dared the field to stay with him. Arne Hamarsland and Jim Grelle struggled as the pack strung out quickly. With two laps to go, Herb Elliott upped the ante, taking the lead and pushing the pace. István Rózsavölgyi was the last to drop off with Jazy close behind Rózsavölgyi. But Elliott was gone, cleanly ahead going into the final lap. Waiting on the final backstretch, his coach Percy Cerutty prearranged that he would wave a yellow towel if Elliott was in danger of being caught from behind or close to the world record. A confused Elliott saw the towel and accelerated, pushing hard to the finish. Elliott's three second victory took an additional half second out of his own world record. His record would last for seven years before being improved upon by Jim Ryun. Behind Elliott, Jazy managed to catch Rózsavölgyi for the silver medal.

Athletics at the 1968 Summer Olympics – Men's 1500 metres

These are the official results of the Men's 1500 metres event at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City. The competition was held on 18 to the 20 of October. The Gold was won by Kenyan Kip Keino.

Ben Jipcho

Benjamin Wabura "Ben" Jipcho (born 1 March 1943) is a former athlete from Kenya, who won the silver medal in the 3000 meters steeplechase at the 1972 Summer Olympics, behind his teammate Kipchoge Keino.Jipcho won the 5000 metres race in the 1973 All-Africa Games. He also won the gold medal in the 5000 m and 3000 m steeplechase, and the bronze medal in the 1500 meters at the 1974 Commonwealth Games in Christchurch, New Zealand.

Jipcho may be as well known for his role in Keino's victory over Jim Ryun in the high altitude 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City as for his own athletic accomplishments. Sacrificing his own chances for a medal to team tactics, he pulled Keino through a 56-second first 400 meters, before being passed by his teammate with 800 meters to go and drifting back into the pack. By that point, Keino had established a lead of 20 meters or more, which Ryun's famous finishing speed could not erase. Jipcho later apologized to Ryun for acting as Keino's rabbit.

He was later quoted:

"Running for money doesn't make you run fast. It makes you run first."His granddaughter Esther Chemutai is also a runner, while he is a distant uncle to the siblings Linet Masai and Moses Masai.

Edward Burke (hammer thrower)

Edward "Ed" Andrew Burke (born March 4, 1940) is an American hammer thrower best known for carrying the flag of the United States at the Olympics in Los Angeles 1984. He competed at the 1964, 1968 and 1984 Olympics and placed 7th, 12th and 18th, respectively. He set his personal best in 1984, aged 44.Burke came to the 1968 Summer Olympics as a favorite, after setting the U.S. record of 235' 11" at the 1967 AAU Championships in Bakersfield, California (the same meet Jim Ryun ran his long standing 3:51.1 mile record), then the number two performance in history. After being (unjustly) called for a foul on his first two throws, he was so disappointed in his results that he retired from the sport following the Olympics. In 1979, he watched the World Cup on television with his daughters who had never seen dad throw. He marveled at the relative small size of champion Sergei Litvinov (URS). Just shy of his 40th birthday, he decided to give the Hammer one more whirl. After training he made the United States team at the first IAAF World Championships, and achieved his lifetime best of 243' 11" in the process of qualifying for his third Olympics at age 44 (a feat his contemporary Al Oerter also attempted and failed that year). He was the first American to achieve qualifying for Olympic teams 20 years apart (since equaled by Francie Larrieu-Smith, also from the San Jose area, in 1992). Being the oldest member of the team and a remarkable story, he was selected to carry the flag, which he did with one hand, in the hometown Olympic Opening Ceremonies by the team captains.

Edward Burke attended college at San Jose State University.

Edwards Stadium

Edwards Stadium (also referred to as Edwards Field) is the track and field and soccer venue for the California Golden Bears, the athletic teams of the University of California, Berkeley.

This Art Deco-styled stadium was designed by architects Warren C. Perry and George W. Kelham, and named after Col. George C. Edwards, opening in 1932. It was the oldest track-only stadium in the United States until 1999, when it was reconfigured to accommodate the Cal soccer teams. It is located at 2223 Fulton Street on the southwest corner of the Berkeley campus, at the corner of Bancroft Way, and has a seating capacity of 22,000. From the stadium there are panoramic views of the Berkeley Hills and Strawberry Canyon to the east, and the San Francisco Bay, Golden Gate Bridge, and the San Francisco skyline to the west.

Edwards Stadium has hosted eight NCAA championship meets, a National AAU championship, and the 1971 and '78 USA vs. USSR dual meets, among others. There have been 12 world records (including records by Dutch Warmerdam, Jim Ryun, Pat Matzdorf, and Henry Rono), 26 American records and 24 collegiate records set at Edwards.

The stadium came under scrutiny for damaged concrete in June 2016.

Golden West Invitational

The Golden West Invitational (GWI) high school track & field all-star meet brings together top high school athletes from throughout the country and provides them with the very highest levels of competition. The GWI made its debut in 1960 and is held in the Sacramento, CA area in June each year.

Past participants have represented the United States in every Olympic Games since 1964 and have filled more than 150 positions on the American Olympic Track & Field teams. They have won more than 75 medals, 40 of them gold. An additional nine GWI athletes represented their native countries of France, Ireland, Japan, Trinidad/Tobago, Fiji, Jamaica and Cape Verde Islands.

GWI alums include the following track & field legends:

Evelyn Ashford

Bob Beamon

Stacy Dragila

Marty Liquori

Steve Prefontaine

Jim Ryun

Tommie Smith

Dwight Stones

James Beckford

Marion Jones

Recent Olympic medalists who participated at the GWI meet include:

Allyson Felix

Kenny Harrison

Joanna Hayes

Monique Henderson

Meb Keflezighi

Jeremy Wariner

Future NFL football stars who participated at the GWI meet include:

Terry Bradshaw

Michael Carter

Russ Francis

Bob Hayes

James Lofton

Art Monk

Mel Renfro

Jim Grelle

James Edward Grelle (born September 30, 1936) is a retired American middle-distance runner. He had his best achievements in the 1500 m event, finishing eighth at the 1960 Olympics, wining a gold and a silver medal at the Pan American Games in 1963 and 1959, respectively.Grelle's first success was winning back to back Oregon state titles in the 880 yard run in 1954 and 1955 for Lincoln High School in Portland.While running for the University of Oregon he won the NCAA Men's Outdoor Track and Field Championship in 1959 after being a runner up the previous two years. Leading up to the 1960 Olympics, he won the USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships. He also added two Indoor Championships in 1965 and 1966.In 1962 at the Mt. SAC Relays Grelle became just the 4th American 4 minute miler. He won the Mile there three years in a row. In 1965 he briefly held the American record in the mile at 3:55.4. Nine days later, Jim Ryun improved upon the record. The prodigious high schooler Ryun relegated Grelle to a non-qualifying 4th place in the 1964 Olympic Trials. Previously in 1963 he held the American record in the 2 mile run at 8:25.2.Grelle was inducted into the Oregon Sports Hall of Fame in 1981, to the Mt. SAC Relays Hall of Fame in 1991, and to the Oregon Ducks Hall of Fame in 1994.

Kansas's 2nd congressional district

Kansas' 2nd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Kansas that covers most of the eastern part of the state, except for the core of the Kansas City Metropolitan Area. The district encompasses less than a quarter of the state. The state capital of Topeka and the city of Lawrence, home of one of the state's universities, The University of Kansas, are both located within this district.

The district is currently represented by Republican Steve Watkins, who was elected on November 6, 2018.

Lacey O'Neal

Lacey O'Neal (born March 30, 1944) is an American hurdler. She competed in the women's 80 metres hurdles at the 1964 Summer Olympics.

List of high school students who have run a four-minute mile

This is a list of high school students who have run a four-minute mile since the feat was first accomplished in 1964.

The first person to run a mile (1,760 yards, or 1,609 metres) in under four minutes was Roger Bannister in 1954, in a time of 3:59.4. This barrier would not be broken by a high school student until 1964, when Jim Ryun ran the distance in a time of 3:59.0 at the Compton Relays. Ryun went on to set a national high school record of 3:55.3, which stood until 2001 when it was broken by Alan Webb. Ten high school students have run a mile in less than four minutes since 1964.

The youngest runner to ever run an official four-minute mile is Norwegian runner Jakob Ingebrigtsen, who ran 3:58.07 at the Prefontaine Classic in May 2017, when he was 16 years and 250 days old.

Marty Liquori

Martin Liquori (born September 11, 1949) is a retired American middle distance athlete.

Liquori rose to fame when he became the third American high schooler to break the four-minute mile by running a 3:59.8 in 1967, three years after Jim Ryun first did it.He grew up in Cedar Grove, New Jersey and attended Essex Catholic High School. After high school, Liquori enrolled at Villanova University. There he was coached by Jumbo Elliott.

Liquori made the U.S. Olympic team in 1968 as a nineteen-year-old freshman. He reached the finals of the 1,500 meter run but suffered a stress fracture and finished 12th. He was the youngest person ever to compete in the final.

In 1969, he finished second to Ryun in the NCAA indoor mile, then won the NCAA and AAU outdoor mile championships by turning the tables on Ryun and beating him. He repeated the AAU outdoor in 1970 and had his best year in 1971, winning the NCAA and AAU outdoor titles, and a gold medal in the 1,500 m at the Pan-American Games. In 1969 and 1971 he was ranked number 1 in the world for 1500 meters/mile. In 1977 he was ranked number 1 in 5000 meters and set a U.S. record of 13:15.1 while finishing second to Miruts Yifter in the inaugural World Cup.

On May 16, 1971, Liquori lowered his personal best to 3:54.6 in the Dream Mile in Philadelphia and beat Ryun by a few steps.

But Liquori was injured later that year. He didn't return to competition until 1973. In 1975 he ran a personal best 3:52.2 in the mile, finishing second to Filbert Bayi (who broke Ryun's world record in that race by 0.1 second with a 3:51.0), and set a United States record of 8:17.12 in the 2 mile. Liquori retired from competitive distance running in 1980.

He has written an autobiography, On The Run, and he also wrote Guide to the Elite Runner and Home Gym Workout. He was a founder of The Athlete Attic Footwear chain in 1971.

Liquori lives in Gainesville, Florida. He does commentary for NBC at the Olympics and at various track and triathlon events around the country. Liquori was diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), which is now in remission. He picked up the guitar after a 35-year hiatus and is currently a professional jazz guitarist and now performs Monday and Thursday nights with various ensembles at Leonardo's 706, a self-promoting Gainesville restaurant.

Ryun

Ryun may refer to the following people:

Given nameRyun of Gojoseon, Asian ruler in the 8th century BC

Ryun Williams (born 1969), American basketball coachSurnameJim Ryun (born 1947), American politician and track and field athlete

Ned Ryun (born 1973), American political activist

Ted Haydon

Edward M. 'Ted' Haydon (1912–1985), was a University of Chicago track coach and founder of the University of Chicago Track Club. He was inducted into the USA Track & Field Hall of Fame and the U.S. Track & Field and Cross Country Coaches Association Hall of Fame. He was an assistant coach for the 1968 and 1972 Olympic Teams and for the 1963 and 1979 Pan American Games.

Among others, he coached Rick Wohlhuter, Willye White, Brian Oldfield, Jud Logan, Jan Johnson and Al Carius.

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