Jim G. Lucas

James Grifing Lucas (June 24, 1915 – July 22, 1971) was a war correspondent for Scripps-Howard Newspapers who won a 1954 Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting[1] "for his notable front-line human interest reporting of the Korean War, the cease-fire and the prisoner-of-war exchanges, climaxing 26 months of distinguished service as a war correspondent." He also reported on the Vietnam War and wrote a book about his experiences, Dateline: Vietnam.

Born in Checotah, Oklahoma, the son of Jim Bob Lucas, Jr. and Effie Lincoln Griffing, he began his journalism career as the editor of his high school newspaper. Lucas attended the University of Missouri before going to work for the Muskogee Phoenix as a feature writer. He also worked in broadcasting for KBIX in Muskogee and for the Tulsa Tribune. During World War II, Lucas became a combat correspondent with the Marines, and began his association with Scripps-Howard before the end of the war. At the Battle of Tarawa, he was listed as killed in action for three days. For Lucas' vivid descriptions of that battle, he was awarded the 1943 National Headliners Award.

He was the first recipient of the Ernie Pyle Memorial Award,[2] and the first person to receive it twice:[3] first for his 1953 reporting on the Korean War,[2] and again for his 1964 reporting on the Vietnam War.[4] Lucas also was awarded a Bronze Star and a Presidential Unit Citation for his Marine service. The Virginia Chapter of the United States Marine Corps Combat Correspondents Association is named the Jim G. Lucas Chapter.

He remained single all his life and died of abdominal cancer in Washington, DC.

References

  1. ^ Heinz-Dietrich Fischer; Erika J. Fischer (1987). International Reporting 1928-1985: From the Activities of the League of Nations to present-day Global Problems. Walter de Gruyter. p. 143. ISBN 978-3-11-097232-0. Excerpts available at Google Books.
  2. ^ a b "Ernie Pyle Award Goes To Writer Jim Lucas". The Pittsburgh Press. 70 (190) (Home ed.). Scripps-Howard Service. December 31, 1953. p. 2. Retrieved March 15, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  3. ^ "Jim Lucas — Again!". The Pittsburgh Press. 81 (179) (Final ed.). December 21, 1964. p. 22. Retrieved March 15, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  4. ^ "Jim Lucas Wins Pyle Award Again". The Pittsburgh Press. 81 (179) (Final ed.). Scripps-Howard Service. December 21, 1964. pp. 1, 6. Retrieved March 15, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  • Brennan, Elizabeth A.; Clarage, Elizabeth C. (1999), Who's who of Pulitzer Prize winners (illustrated ed.), Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 1-57356-111-8
  • Lucas, Jim G. (1966), Dateline: Vietnam, New York: Award House, ISBN 1-125-20139-8
  • Roth, Mitchel P.; Olson, James Stuart (1997), Historical dictionary of war journalism (illustrated ed.), Westport, CT.: Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0-313-29171-3
1954 Pulitzer Prize

The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1954.

Checotah, Oklahoma

Checotah is a town in McIntosh County, Oklahoma, United States. It was named for Samuel Checote, the first chief of the Creek Nation elected after the Civil War. The population was 3,481 at the 2000 census. According to Census 2010, the population has decreased to 3,335; a 4.19% loss.Checotah is home to numerous antique malls, a Civil War battle site and a downtown historic district. Checotah claims to be the steer wrestling capital of the world. Early boosters called Checotah, "The Gem of the Prairie".

James Lucas

James Lucas may refer to:

James Lucas (hermit) (1813–1874), English Victorian eccentric and hermit

James Lucas (screenwriter), New Zealand screenwriter and producer

James Lucas (illustrator), British artist

James C. Lucas (1912–1998), American criminal, took part in an attempted escape from Alcatraz Penitentiary in 1938

James Lucas (bishop) (1867–1938), Anglican bishop

James P. Lucas (born 1927), American politician in the state of Montana

James Steve Lucas (born 1952), Canadian Forces Air Command general

Jim G. Lucas (1914–1970), war correspondent for Scripps-Howard Newspapers

Jay Lucas (James Howle Lucas, born 1957), American politician and attorney

Jim Lucas (politician), member of the Indiana House of Representatives

Lucas (surname)

Lucas is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

A. P. Lucas (1857–1923), English cricketer

Anthony Francis Lucas (1855–1921), Croatian-born oil-field engineer

Antoinette Lucas (born 1968), American field hockey player

Arthur Lucas, one of the last two people to be executed in Canada

Arthur Lucas (academic), 18th Principal of King's College London

Arthur Henry Shakespeare Lucas (1853-1936), English-born Australian schoolmaster and scientist

Baron Lucas, aristocratic family name - see below

Benjamin Lucas, Anglo-Irish soldier of the 17th century

Buddy Lucas (swimmer), New Zealand swimmer

Buddy Lucas (musician), US musician

Caroline Lucas (born 1960), British politician

Charles Lucas (1613–1648), English soldier

Charles Lucas (musician) (1808–1869), British cellist

Charles Lucas (politician) (1713–1771), Irish politician and physician

Charles Lucas (architect) (1838–1905), French architect

Charles Davis Lucas (1834–1914), Anglo-Irish soldier, Victoria Cross recipient

Charlotte Lucas (born 1976), British actress

Clarence Lucas (1866–1947), Canadian composer

Colin Lucas (born 1940), British historian

Craig Lucas (born 1951), American playwright

David Lucas (born 1937), American music producer and jingle writer

David Lucas, pseudonym of Steven Blum (born 1965), American voice actor

Dick Lucas (minister) (born 1925), British evangelical speaker

Dick Lucas (singer), British vocalist

E. V. Lucas (1868–1938), British writer

Édouard Lucas (1842–1891), French mathematician who studied Lucas numbers and the closely related Fibonacci numbers (both of which are examples of a Lucas sequence)

Edward Lucas, one of several people including:

Edward Lucas (journalist), British journalist

Eliza Lucas (c.1722–1793), Antiguan-born plantation manager

Francis Lucas, various including:

Francis Lucas (c.1741–1770), naval officer and merchant trader born in Clontibret, Ireland

Francis Lucas (Irish politician) (1669–1746), Member of Parliament for Monaghan Borough 1713–1746 and Monaghan County

Francis Lucas (English politician) (1850–1918), British company director and Conservative Member of Parliament for Lowestoft 1900–1906

Frank E. Lucas (1876–1948), American politician

Frank Lucas (1894–1967), English literary critic

Frank Lucas (drug lord) (born 1930), American drug dealer

Frank Lucas (Oklahoma politician) (born 1960), American politician

Frederick Lucas (1812-1855), British journalist

Frederick Ross Lucas (Buddy Lucas, 1931–2002), New Zealand swimmer

Fred Lucas (Frederick Warrington Lucas, 1903–1987), American Major League Baseball player

Sir Frederick Cook, 2nd Baronet (Frederick Lucas Cook, 1844–1920), British politician

Frederic Augustus Lucas (1852–1929), American anatomist and museum director

Gary Lucas, American musician

Gary Lucas (baseball player) (born 1954), American baseball player

Geoffry Lucas (1872–1947), English architect (often mis-spelt Geoffrey)

George Lucas (born 1944), American film maker

George W. Lucas (1845–1921), American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient

Helen Lucas (born 1931), Canadian artist

Henry Lucas (politician) (c.1610-1663), British politician and benefactor

Henry Lee Lucas (1936–2001), American convicted murderer

Hippolyte Lucas (1814-1899), French entomologist

Hippolyte-Julien-Joseph Lucas (1807-1878), French writer and critic

Ian Lucas (born 1960), British politician

Isaac Benson Lucas (1867–1940), Canadian politician

Isabel Lucas (born 1985), Australian actress

Isabelle Lucas (1927–1997), British actress and singer

James Lucas, multiple people

Jean Jacques Étienne Lucas (1764–1819), French naval officer

Jean Lucas (1917–2003), French racing driver

Jeanne Hopkins Lucas (c.1936–2007), American politician

Jerry Lucas (born 1940), American basketball player

Jett Lucas (born 1993), American actor, son of George Lucas

Jim G. Lucas (1914–1970), American journalist

John Lucas, one of several people including:

John Lucas (comics), American comic book artist

John Lucas (philosopher) (born 1929), British philosopher

Sir John Lucas (1606-1671) 1st Lord Lucas of Shenfield, brother of Charles Lucas

John Lucas (VC) (1827-1892), Irish soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross after action in New Zealand

John Lucas II (born 1953), American basketball player, NBA

John Lucas III (born 1982), American basketball player, son of John Lucas II

John Meredyth Lucas (1919–2002), American screenwriter and director

John P. Lucas (1890–1949), American general in World War II

John Seymour Lucas (1849–1923), British artist

Joseph Lucas (1834-1902), founder of the British automotive electrical components manufacturer - Lucas Automotive, LucasVarity

Josh Lucas (born 1971), American actor

Ken Lucas (born 1933), American politician

Malcolm M. Lucas (1927–2016), American judge

Marquis Lucas (born 1993), American football player

Martha Lucas Pate (1912–1913), American college administrator

Matt Lucas (born 1974), British comedian

Maurice Lucas (1952–2010), American basketball player

Michael Lucas, one of several people including:

Michael Lucas (director) (born 1972), Russian-Israeli-American pornographic film actor, director, and LGBT activist

Michael Lucas (political activist) (born 1926), Canadian artist, designer, and political activist

Michael William George Lucas (1926–2001), British politician, 2nd Lord Lucas of Chilworth

Nathaniel Lucas (1764–1818), English convict transported to Australia

Netley Lucas (c. 1903–1940), English confidence trickster

Nick Lucas (1897–1982), American jazz guitarist and singer

Peter Lucas (footballer) (born 1929), Australian rules footballer

Ray Lucas (born 1972), American football player

Ray Lucas (baseball) (1908–1969), American baseball pitcher and manager

Reggie Lucas (1953–2018), American guitarist, songwriter, and producer

Richard Lucas, one of several people including:

Richard Lucas (clergyman) (c. 1640–1715), Welsh clergyman

Richard Lucas (politician) (1837–1916), Tasmanian politician

Richard Lucas (rower) (1886–1968), British rower

Richie Lucas (born 1938), American footballer

Richard Cockle Lucas (1800–1883), English sculptor

Robert Lucas, one of several people including:

Robert Lucas (governor) (1781–1853), American politician

Robert Lucas Jr. (born 1937), American economist (Lucas critique)

Sam Lucas (1848–1916), American actor and minstrel performer

Samuel Lucas (1811–1865), British abolitionist and newspaper editor

Samuel Lucas (1805-1870), 'Senior" - British brewer and painter

Sarah Lucas (born 1962), British artist

Scott Lucas, one of several people including:

Scott W. Lucas (1892–1968), U.S. Senator and Senate Majority Leader from Illinois

Scott Lucas (footballer) (born 1977), Australian footballer

Scott Lucas (musician), founding member of Local H

Shannon Lucas, American extreme metal drummer

Spencer G. Lucas, American paleontologist

St. John Lucas (1879–1934), English poet and anthologist

Steve Lucas, commander of Canadian Forces Air Command

Thomas Lucas (royalist) (d. 1649), English Cavalier, brother of and John and Charles

Thomas Lucas (c. 1720-1784), English MP and West Indies merchant

Thomas Geoffry Lucas (1872–1947), English architect

Thomas Pennington Lucas (1843-1917), Scottish-born Australian medical practitioner

Tommy Lucas (1895-1953), English footballer

Trevor Lucas, Australian folk-rock musician

Victor Lucas (television producer), Canadian writer and TV show director

Vinka Lucas, New Zealand fashion and bridalwear designer

Vrain Denis-Lucas, French forger

Werner Lucas, German pilot

Wilfred Lucas, Canadian film actor and directorLucas as an aristocratic family name, Baron Lucas of Crudwell, may refer to:

Mary Grey, Countess of Kent, 1st Baroness Lucas of Crudwell (died 1702)

Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Kent, 2nd Baron Lucas of Crudwell (1671–1740)

Anthony Grey, Earl of Harold, 3rd Baron Lucas of Crudwell (1695–1723)

Jemima Yorke, 2nd Marchioness Grey, 4th Baroness Lucas of Crudwell (1722–1797)

Thomas de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey, 6th Baron Lucas of Crudwell (1781–1859)

Anne Florence Cowper, 7th Baroness Lucas of Crudwell (1806–1880)

Francis Cowper, 7th Earl Cowper, 8th Baron Lucas of Crudwell (1834–1905)

Auberon Herbert, 9th Baron Lucas of Crudwell (1876–1916)

Nan Ino Cooper, 10th Baron Lucas of Crudwell (1880–1958)

Anne Rosemary Palmer, 11th baroness of Crudwell (1919–1991)

Ralph Palmer, 12th Baron Lucas of Crudwell (born 1951)

National Journalism Awards

The National Journalism Awards are awards of US$10,000 to $25,000 in American journalism given by the Scripps Howard Foundation that recognize the best work in journalism in 17 categories, including: human interest writing; environmental and public service reporting; investigative reporting; business/economics reporting; Washington reporting; commentary; photojournalism; radio and television journalism; college cartooning; web reporting; and editorial cartooning. The awards also honor distinguished service to journalism education and to the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.

President Truman's relief of General Douglas MacArthur

On 11 April 1951, U.S. President Harry S. Truman relieved General of the Army Douglas MacArthur of his commands after MacArthur made public statements which contradicted the administration's policies. MacArthur was a popular hero of World War II who was then the commander of United Nations forces fighting in the Korean War, and his relief remains a controversial topic in the field of civil–military relations.

MacArthur led the Allied forces in the Southwest Pacific during World War II, and after the war was in charge of the occupation of Japan. When North Korea invaded South Korea in June 1950, starting the Korean War, he was designated commander of the United Nations forces defending South Korea. He conceived and executed the amphibious assault at Inchon on 15 September 1950, for which he was hailed as a military genius. However, when he followed up his victory with a full-scale invasion of North Korea on Truman's orders, China intervened in the war and inflicted a series of defeats, compelling him to withdraw from North Korea. By April 1951, the military situation had stabilized, but MacArthur's public statements became increasingly irritating to Truman, and he relieved MacArthur of his commands. The Senate Armed Services Committee and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee held a joint inquiry into the military situation and the circumstances surrounding MacArthur's relief, and concluded that "the removal of General MacArthur was within the constitutional powers of the President but the circumstances were a shock to national pride."An apolitical military was an American tradition, but one that was difficult to uphold in an era when American forces were employed overseas in large numbers. The principle of civilian control of the military was also ingrained, but the rising complexity of military technology led to the creation of a professional military. This made civilian control increasingly problematic when coupled with the constitutional division of powers between the President as commander-in-chief, and the Congress with its power to raise armies, maintain a navy, and wage wars. In relieving MacArthur for failing to "respect the authority of the President" by privately communicating with Congress, Truman upheld the President's role as pre-eminent.

Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting

This Pulitzer Prize has been awarded since 1942 for a distinguished example of reporting on international affairs, including United Nations correspondence. In its first six years (1942–1947), it was called the Pulitzer Prize for Telegraphic Reporting - International.

Tulsa Tribune

The Tulsa Tribune was an afternoon daily newspaper published in Tulsa, Oklahoma from 1919 to 1992. Owned and run by three generations of the Jones family, the Tribune closed in 1992 after the termination of its joint operating agreement with the morning Tulsa World.

War correspondent

A war correspondent is a journalist who covers stories firsthand from a war zone. They were also called special correspondents.

Their jobs bring war correspondents to the most conflict-ridden parts of the world. Once there, they attempt to get close enough to the action to provide written accounts, photos, or film footage. Thus, this is often considered the most dangerous form of journalism. On the other hand, war coverage is also one of the most successful branches of journalism. Newspaper sales increase greatly in wartime, and television news ratings go up. News organizations have sometimes been accused of militarism because of the advantages they gather from conflict. William Randolph Hearst is often said to have encouraged the Spanish–American War for this reason. (See Yellow journalism)

Only some conflicts receive extensive worldwide coverage, however. Among recent wars, the Kosovo War received a great deal of coverage, as did the Persian Gulf War. In contrast, the largest war in the last half of the 20th century, the Iran–Iraq War, received far less substantial coverage. This is typical for wars among less-developed countries, as audiences are less interested and the reports do little to increase sales and ratings. The lack of infrastructure makes reporting more difficult and expensive, and the conflicts are also far more dangerous for war correspondents.

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