James Louis Fregosi (April 4, 1942 – February 14, 2014) was an American professional baseball shortstop and manager, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1961 to 1978, primarily for the Los Angeles / California Angels. He would later move on to the New York Mets, Texas Rangers, and Pittsburgh Pirates.
Having been the Angels’ most productive and popular player for that franchise’s first eleven years of play, Fregosi quickly became its first star. He led the American League (AL) in defensive double plays twice, winning the 1967 Gold Glove Award, and, upon leaving the team, ranked ninth in AL history, with 818 double plays. Fregosi holds the franchise record with 70 career triples; several of his other team records, including career games (1,429), hits (1,408), doubles (219), runs (691), and runs batted in (546), were broken by Brian Downing over the course of the 1986 through 1989 seasons.
In February, 2014, Fregosi suffered a stroke while on a MLB alumni cruise. He was taken to a hospital in Florida for treatment, where he was put on life support. Subsequently, after having suffered multiple additional strokes in the hospital, Fregosi was removed from life support and died a few hours later. At the time of his death, he was the top advance scout for the Atlanta Braves.
Fregosi in 1962
|Shortstop / Manager|
|Born: April 4, 1942|
San Francisco, California
|Died: February 14, 2014 (aged 71)|
|September 14, 1961, for the Los Angeles Angels|
|Last MLB appearance|
|May 31, 1978, for the Pittsburgh Pirates|
|Runs batted in||706|
|Career highlights and awards|
A right-handed batter, Fregosi is one of many notable alumni of Junípero Serra High School of San Mateo, California, and was signed by the Boston Red Sox in 1960. The same year he was selected by the Angels in the 1960 MLB Expansion Draft, and made his debut in September 1961. After hitting .291 as a reserve in 1962, he batted .287 – ninth in the AL – in his first full season in 1963, and was second in the league in triples and fifth in hits. He made his first All-Star squad in 1964, batting .277. From 1964 to mid-1969, he teamed with second baseman Bobby Knoop to form one of the game's top double play combinations; with Knoop winning Gold Gloves from 1966 to 1968, the two became only the third middle infield combination to win the honor in the same season (1967). On July 28, 1964, he became the first Angel to hit for the cycle (and the only man to do so at Dodger Stadium until Orlando Hudson accomplished the feat in 2009), and he did so again on May 20, 1968 but this one was an unnatural cycle. Fregosi continued to turn out solid years, particularly in 1967 when he batted .290 (seventh in the AL) and won his only Gold Glove, finishing seventh in the MVP voting. He became regarded as the league's top-hitting shortstop, leading the AL in triples (13) in 1968, and was named an All-Star every season from 1966 to 1970. But he was sidelined in 1971 when a tumor was discovered in his foot. The Angels became uncertain of Fregosi's future, and on December 10 traded him to the New York Mets in the same deal that brought pitcher Nolan Ryan to California. (Fregosi would later manage Ryan in 1978 and 1979, Ryan's last two years as an Angel.)
Sidelined by several injuries including a broken thumb in 1972, Fregosi struggled with the Mets, where he played mainly at third base, and was sold to the Texas Rangers in the 1973 mid-season. After five years as a backup for the Rangers (1973–77), during which he played primarily as a first baseman, he was sent to the Pittsburgh Pirates in June 1977. When the Angels expressed interest in naming him as their manager in 1978, the Pirates released him to pursue the opportunity.
In his 18-year career, Fregosi batted .265 with 1726 hits, 151 home runs, 844 runs, 706 RBI, 264 doubles, 78 triples, and 76 stolen bases in 1902 games played. In addition to the Angels records previously noted, Brian Downing also broke his club marks for career at bats (5244), total bases (2112) and extra base hits (404). Don Baylor broke his team record of 115 home runs in 1981.
Fregosi was the last player to retire who was a member of the "original" Los Angeles Angels.
|Jim Fregosi's number 11 was retired by the Anaheim Angels in 1998.|
In becoming the Angels' manager at age 36, Fregosi was presented with a solid team nucleus of Ryan, Baylor, Downing, Bobby Grich, Carney Lansford, Frank Tanana and longtime owner Gene Autry, compiling a record of 62-55 in 117 games, and tying for second with Texas behind the Kansas City Royals. In 1979, with the addition of Rod Carew, he led the Angels to an 88-74 record, surprising the Royals and winning the first title in the club's 19-year existence. But they didn't have enough to get by the Baltimore Orioles in the 1979 American League Championship Series, losing Game 1 in 10 innings and dropping a 9-8 slugfest in Game 2; the Angels captured a 4-3 win in Game 3, scoring twice in the bottom of the ninth on an error and a Larry Harlow double, but were knocked out in an 8-0 Game 4 loss. After Ryan's departure to the Houston Astros at the end of the season, the team's pitching faltered in 1980, and the club dropped back into sixth place in their division; Fregosi was replaced in the first half of the 1981 season. Fregosi's record was 237 wins and 248 losses in the regular season and one win and three losses in the post-season.
From the Angels, Fregosi was brought back into the game by Cardinals Farm Director Lee Thomas to manage the Louisville Redbirds of the American Association for three seasons. Louisville won the league championship in Fregosi's first season in 1983, and lost the league championship in the playoffs. In Fregosi's second season, Louisville tied for fourth place in the regular season but won the 1984 league championship. In 1985 Fregosi's Louisville team finished the season in first place and won the league championship in the playoffs also.
With his success in Louisville, Fregosi was hired to manage the Chicago White Sox in 1986. Fregosi managed the team for three seasons, in each of which the White Sox finished in fifth place in the American League West. Fregosi was released at the end of the 1988 season. Fregosi finished with a record of 193 wins and 226 losses in the regular season. He didn't manage any post-season games for the White Sox.
Fregosi returned in 1991 with the Phillies, hired again by former Angels teammate and General Manager Lee Thomas. His greatest triumph as a manager came in 1993, when he managed the club to the World Series. After finishing 26 games out of first place in 1992, the 1993 Phillies (featuring a cast of colorful characters including Darren Daulton, Lenny Dykstra, Dave Hollins, John Kruk, Danny Jackson, Curt Schilling, and Mitch Williams) charged to 97 wins and then further shocked the baseball world by pulling off a major upset against the two-time defending NL Champion Atlanta Braves in six games in the League Championship Series. Despite putting up a good fight against the defending World Champion Toronto Blue Jays in the World Series, Fregosi's Phillies wound up losing to Toronto in six games, with Joe Carter's Series-winning home run in Game 6 being the final blow.
Despite the World Series run, Fregosi was often the target of criticism by the Philadelphia sports media. One general criticism of Fregosi was that he was a manager who relied on veteran players and was unable to develop younger players. He was ultimately fired by the Phillies in 1996 after posting a series of dismal post-1993 seasons. Fregosi finished with a record of 431 wins and 463 losses in the regular season and six wins and six losses in the post-season.
Fregosi was hired away from the San Francisco Giants (where he had been serving as a special assistant) as the new manager for the Blue Jays in 1999, and was replaced after the 2000 season despite the fact that the team finished in third place and above .500 in each of his two years in Toronto. Fregosi finished with a record of 167 wins and 157 losses in the regular season. This ended up being his final managerial position in Major League Baseball. This was the only team where he finished above .500 winning percentage.
As a manager, he had a record of 1028 wins and 1094 losses in 15 seasons. He also managed 16 post-season games. His post-season record was seven wins and nine losses. At the end of 2004, when the Phillies were looking for a manager to replace Larry Bowa, Fregosi surfaced as a candidate for the job. The job ended up going to Charlie Manuel.
In February 2014, Fregosi was a part of an MLB Alumni cruise when he suffered multiple strokes. The cruise docked in the Cayman Islands where he was rushed to a local hospital, where his condition was stabilized by doctors before he was relocated to Miami. However, on February 13, Fregosi's condition declined and he died the following day. Phillies owner David Montgomery called Fregosi a "dear friend" after his death.
|Team||From||To||Regular season record||Post–season record|
|G||W||L||Win %||G||W||L||Win %|
|Chicago White Sox||1986||1988||419||193||226||.461||DNQ|
|Toronto Blue Jays||1999||2000||324||167||157||.515||DNQ|
| Hitting for the cycle
July 28, 1964
May 20, 1968
| Louisville Redbirds Manager
The 1964 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 35th midseason exhibition between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was played on July 7, 1964, at Shea Stadium in New York City, New York, home of the New York Mets of the National League. The game was a 7–4 victory for the NL. Johnny Callison hit a walk-off home run, the most recent MLB All-Star game to end in such a fashion.1967 California Angels season
The 1967 California Angels season involved the Angels finishing 5th in the American League with a record of 84 wins and 77 losses, 7½ games behind the AL Champion Boston Red Sox.1968 California Angels season
The 1968 California Angels season involved the Angels finishing 8th in the American League with a record of 67 wins and 95 losses.1972 New York Mets season
The 1972 New York Mets season was the 11th regular season for the Mets, who played home games at Shea Stadium. Led by manager Yogi Berra, the team had an 83–73 record and finished in third place in the National League's Eastern Division.1973 New York Mets season
The 1973 New York Mets season was the 12th regular season for the Mets, who played home games at Shea Stadium. Manager Yogi Berra led the team to a National League East title with an 82–79 record, the National League pennant and a defeat by the Oakland Athletics in the World Series. Their .509 winning percentage is the lowest of any pennant-winner in major league history as of 2017. The season was well known for pitcher Tug McGraw's catchphrase "Ya Gotta Believe!!!"1973 Texas Rangers season
The 1973 Texas Rangers season involved the Rangers finishing sixth in the American League West with a record of 57 wins and 105 losses.1977 Texas Rangers season
The 1977 Texas Rangers season involved the Rangers finishing second in the American League West with a record of 94 wins and 68 losses.1984 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting
Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1984 followed the system in place since 1978.
The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and
elected three: Luis Aparicio, Don Drysdale, and Harmon Killebrew.
The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider older major league players as well as managers, umpires, executives, and figures from the Negro Leagues.
It selected two players, Rick Ferrell and Pee Wee Reese.Alpine Cowboys
The Alpine Cowboys are a professional baseball team based in Alpine, Texas, in the Big Bend region of West Texas. The Cowboys are a franchise of the Pecos League, which is not affiliated with a Major League Baseball Organization. They play their home games at historic Kokernot Field, a 1,200 seat stone and wrought-iron replica of Chicago's Wrigley Field that dates from 1948.
Alpine and the Big Bend region have a long baseball history. From 1947 to 1958, the Alpine Cowboys, owned by West Texas rancher and philanthropist Herbert L. Kokernot, Jr., won a dozen regional semi-pro championships and were national runners-up. The team featured future major league stars, including Norm Cash, Gaylord Perry, and Joe Horlen. At the end of championship seasons, Kokernot presented each team member with a pair of handmade red cowboy boots emblazoned with the brand of his "o6" Ranch—a tradition that continues with the current Cowboys' cap insignia.
In 1959 the Boston Red Sox moved their minor league affiliate, the Lexington Red Sox of the Nebraska State League, to Alpine, and took the traditional name "Cowboys" for the team. The new Cowboys immediately won the Class D Sophomore League title and set the record for the highest winning percentage (88-35, .715) of any Red Sox minor league team. The 1959 champion team was managed by future Red Sox manager Eddie Popowski and featured three future major leaguers, rhp Don Schwall, who two years later won the American League Rookie of the Year award, 2B Chuck Schilling, who finished fourth behind Schwall in the same balloting, and lhp Guido Grilli. The 1960 team featured future California Angels all-star Jim Fregosi. In 1962 the Sophomore League folded and the team moved to Idaho, becoming the Pocatello Chiefs of the Class C Pioneer League.
Professional baseball returned to Alpine in 2009 with the Big Bend Cowboys of the Continental Baseball League. The team was founded by Frank Snyder, a Fort Worth law professor, who had previously founded the CBL's Texarkana Gunslingers and who brought several local investors from the Alpine area into the new team. It was successful on the field, losing in the league finals in 2009 to the Alexandria Aces, and winning the Ferguson Jenkins Trophy in 2010 as CBL champions. The CBL folded at the end of the 2010 season. The Cowboys were reorganized as a nonprofit corporation and along with another CBL team, the Las Cruces Vaqueros, became part of the new Pecos League for the 2011 season.Bobby Knoop
Robert Frank Knoop [kuh-NOPP] (born October 18, 1938) is a former Major League Baseball second baseman and right-handed batter who played for the California Angels (1964–69), Chicago White Sox (1969–70) and Kansas City Royals (1971–72).
Nicknamed "Nureyev" by sportswriters for his exciting and acrobatic fielding plays, Knoop played a deep second base, with exceptional range and a strong arm. He turned the double play well along with shortstop Jim Fregosi, to give the Angels outstanding keystone defense. In 1967, the pair both won the gold glove award at their respective position. As a hitter, he had his best season in 1966 with career-highs of 17 home runs, 72 RBI, 54 runs and 11 triples.
After attending Montebello High School in Montebello, California, Knoop was signed by the Milwaukee Braves in 1956. The Angels obtained him via the Rule 5 draft, by the rules of which he was required to remain on the 1964 major-league roster. He in fact played in every game that season and remained the Angels' regular second baseman for the next five and a half years. Knoop was sent to the White Sox in mid-1969 and then was traded to the Royals in 1971. With Kansas City, he played mostly as a backup for Cookie Rojas.
In his career Knoop batted .236, with 56 home runs, 331 RBIs, 337 runs, 129 doubles, 29 triples, and 16 stolen bases in 1153 games.
After retiring, Knoop was a coach for 21 seasons in the American League with the White Sox (1977–78), Angels (1979–96) and Toronto Blue Jays (2000). In 1994 Knoop served as manager of the Angels for two games, posting a 1-1 record. Currently, Knoop works as an infield coach at Seton Catholic High School in Arizona and is listed as infield coach by the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim.Bruce Christensen
Bruce Ray Christensen (born February 22, 1948 in Madison, Wisconsin) is a former Major League Baseball shortstop for the California Angels. He was drafted by the Angels in the 17th round of the 1966 amateur draft. In his only major league season, 1971, he got into a total of 29 games, 24 at shortstop, and was in the starting lineup 15 times. Most of his starts came when All-Star shortstop Jim Fregosi was on the disabled list. Christensen was called up to the Angels after hitting .309 in 82 games for the Salt Lake City Angels of the Pacific Coast League, and made his major league debut on July 17.
He was an excellent defensive player and an adequate hitter at the major league level. At short he made only one error in 81 chances for a fielding percentage of .988, much higher than the league average. He also participated in 13 double plays. At the plate he was 17-for-63 (.270), and his six walks pushed his on-base percentage up to .333. Not a power hitter, he had just one extra base hit (a double), three runs batted in, and four runs scored.
Christensen's best game as a hitter came on July 28, 1971 when he had three hits and a walk in a 5-1 victory over the Cleveland Indians at Cleveland Stadium. He scored one run and drove in another.
Christensen has three children (Daniel, Sadie, and Nicholas) and currently lives in Moroni, Utah with his wife Laura.Francisco Estrada
Francisco "Paquín" Estrada Soto is a former Major League Baseball player for the New York Mets. Estrada, a catcher, appeared in one game for the Mets in 1971. Estrada is the current manager of the Chihuahua Dorados in the Mexican League (Summer), and catcher's coach with Culiacán Tomateros in the Mexican Pacific League (Winter). In 2006, he served as the manager of the Mexico national baseball team for the World Baseball Classic.
In the United States, he is probably best known for being part of the trade that sent Nolan Ryan and three others, including Estrada, from the New York Mets to the California Angels for Jim Fregosi. However, he is one of the biggest stars in the history of Mexican baseball. While he played in just one game in the major leagues, Estrada holds the minor league record for games caught (2,847), and played for 26 seasons in the Mexican League, beginning his career there in 1966 and ending it in 1994. In his sole major league appearance, Estrada had one hit in two at-bats, giving him a .500 batting average for his career.
Estrada has also been a manager in Mexico since 1983. His teams have won three Mexican League championships (the Piratas de Campeche in 1983, the Bravos de León in 1990, and the Piratas again in 2004).
Estrada was elected to the Salón de la Fama del Beisbol Profesional de México in 2000. Then in 2013, he was enshrined in the Caribbean Baseball Hall of Fame for his notable contribution as player and manager in 13 Caribbean Series.Félix Torres
Félix Torres Sánchez (born May 1, 1932, in Ponce, Puerto Rico) is a retired professional baseball player who played 3 seasons for the Los Angeles Angels of Major League Baseball after spending time in the Cincinnati Redlegs and Philadelphia Phillies farm systems.The former 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m), 165 lb (75 kg) third baseman was initially signed by the Cincinnati Redlegs prior to the 1955 season. He played in their minor league system in 1955 and briefly in 1956, before leaving organized baseball—he returned to the Cincinnati farm system in 1960. Prior to the 1961 season, he was acquired by the Philadelphia Phillies, but was never called up to the major league level. After the season, on November 27, 1961, he was acquired by the Angels in the 1961 Rule 5 draft.Torres played three seasons in Major League Baseball, making his major league debut with the Los Angeles Angels in 1962. On April 10, 1962, Torres went 0-for-4 in his major league debut against the Chicago White Sox at Comiskey Park in Chicago, Illinois. In his third career game, a 5–0 loss to the Minnesota Twins at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles, California, Torres earned his first career hit, a leadoff double off of Twins' pitcher Jim Kaat.In 1962, his rookie season, the career .254 hitter hit 11 home runs and batted in 74 runs, far more than the 51 he would knock in the next season. In 127 games, he batted .259 and scored a career-high 44 runs. During the 1963 season, Torres played in a career-high 138 games, but had his least-productive power-hitting season, launching only 4 home runs. Torres did, however, hit .261 on 121 hits, both career-high marks. Torres hit a career-high 12 home runs in 1964, the third highest total by an Angel that year, behind only teammates Joe Adcock (21) and Jim Fregosi (18). Although he reached a career high in 1964 in both home runs and slugging percentage, he set career-lows in games played, runs, hits, RBIs, and batting average before eventually settling into retirement following the season.Although he was mostly known for his playing time for the Angels, before his Major League Baseball career began, he participated in the 1960 Caribbean Series. Torres tied for the tournament lead in home runs, hitting three in the week-long competition. Torres shared the honors with fellow-Puerto Rican Herman Davis and Héctor López of Panama, who spent time in Major League Baseball during his career.Glen Rosenbaum
Glen Otis Rosenbaum (born June 14, 1936) is an American former professional baseball player, coach, and front-office official who spent four decades as a member of the Chicago White Sox organization. He was born in Union Mills, Indiana.
A 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m), 180 lb (82 kg) right-handed pitcher in his playing days, he had an 11-season (1955–1965) active career in the ChiSox' farm system, winning 95 of 140 decisions (.679) but never reaching the Major League level.
In 1968, he became the team's batting practice pitcher, and was promoted to a full-time coaching position on manager Chuck Tanner's staff on August 14, 1973, serving through 1975. After serving strictly as a batting practice pitcher for another ten seasons, Rosenbaum rejoined the White Sox' coaching staff in 1986, and was an aide to managers Jim Fregosi and Jeff Torborg through 1989.He then was the club's traveling secretary until his retirement after the 1998 season.Joe Frazier (baseball)
Joseph Filmore Frazier (October 6, 1922 – February 15, 2011) was an outfielder and manager in Major League Baseball. He was signed as an amateur free agent in 1941, but did not play in the major leagues until 1947. After 1947, he spent parts of three seasons in the 1950s, primarily with the St. Louis Cardinals. In 1956, at the age of 33, he finished his playing career after having played in 217 games.
He then had a successful career as a minor league manager, first in the Houston Astros organization, and then, beginning in 1968, in the New York Mets farm system. He managed in Mankato of the Northern League, then Pompano Beach in the Florida State League. He would win the pennant in 1971 with Visalia of the California League. He then went on to win league championships with Memphis and Victoria in the Texas League.
Frazier, managing the Tidewater Tides in 1975, won the International League championship. The Tides had to win 22 of their last 33 games to finish the regular season in a first-place tie with the Rochester Red Wings. The Tides then won a one-game playoff behind the four-hit pitching of Nino Espinosa. The Tides advanced to win the Governors' Cup by defeating Charleston three games to none, and then Syracuse, three games to one. They then went on to the Junior World Series, losing to Evansville of the American Association four games to one.Following that successful 1975 season, Frazier was promoted to manager of the parent Mets on October 3, replacing interim manager Roy McMillan. At his introductory press conference, Mets General Manager Joe McDonald said, "Joe Frazier has consistently proved to us his ability to handle players. Winning is what it's all about, and Joe Frazier is a winner." Frazier himself added, "I'm the type of manager who stresses fundamentals. I think a man should go from first to third on a hit and second to home. I demand hustle. If I have my way, you're going to see a Mets' club next year that will hustle."Frazier managed the Mets to an 86–76 record in 1976, good for a third-place finish and an improvement over their 82-80 record from the previous season. But Frazier's Mets got off to a poor start in 1977, and following a 15-30 record, Frazier was replaced as Mets manager by Joe Torre, who was an active player on the Mets roster at the time.
In 1982 he was the manager of the Louisville Redbirds, the AAA affiliate of the St. Louis Cardinals. The team finished in second place with a record of 73–62. He was succeeded as manager of the Redbirds by Jim Fregosi.Joe Rigoli
Joseph M. Rigoli (born December 14, 1956 at New York City) is an American professional baseball scout, and a former coach in the Major Leagues for the Philadelphia Phillies. A longtime scout for the St. Louis Cardinals, he is a member of the Professional Baseball Scouts Hall of Fame.Rigoli's playing career was brief. After appearing in only two games for the 1978 Bend Timber Hawks of the Short Season-A Northwest League, an affiliate of the Oakland Athletics, he played in 29 games the following season for the 1979 Newark Co-Pilots, a co-op (unaffiliated) club in the Short Season-A New York–Penn League, collecting 14 hits in 61 at bats (.230) in a utility role, playing catcher, outfielder and second base. He first joined the Cardinals in 1981 as a minor league manager at the Class A level. In 1984, while piloting the Springfield Cardinals of the Midwest League, he filled in as a pitcher on four occasions, compiling a 6.43 earned run average in seven innings pitched.After scouting for the Cardinals during the late 1980s through the mid-1990s, he joined the Phillies in 1996 as bullpen coach, working on the staff of manager Jim Fregosi. He spent 1997 in the same role under new skipper Terry Francona but in 1998 returned to the Redbirds as a minor-league coach. In 2013 he was listed as a member of the Cardinals' professional scouting staff, based in Parsippany, New Jersey.List of Los Angeles Angels managers
There have been 21 managers in the history of the Los Angeles Angels Major League Baseball franchise. The Angels are based in Anaheim, California. They are members of the American League West division of the American League (AL) in Major League Baseball (MLB). The Angels franchise was formed in 1961 as a member of the American League. The team was formerly called the California Angels, the Anaheim Angels, and the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, before settling with the Los Angeles Angels.
Bill Rigney became the first manager of the then Los Angeles Angels in 1961, serving for just over eight seasons before being fired by Angels owner Gene Autry during the 1969 season. In terms of tenure, Mike Scioscia has managed more games and seasons than any other coach in franchise history. He managed the Angels to six playoff berths (2002, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, and 2009) led the team to a World Series championship in 2002, and won the Manager of the Year award in 2002 and 2009. With the Angels' 2009 Playoff appearance, Mike Scioscia became the first Major League Baseball manager "to guide his team to playoffs six times in [his] first 10 seasons." None of Scioscia's predecessors made it to the World Series. Dick Williams and Whitey Herzog, who served as an interim manager immediately before Williams, are the only Angels managers to have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
There have been 16 interim managers in Angels history. In 1969, manager Bill Rigney was fired and replaced by Lefty Phillips. In 1974, manager Whitey Herzog replaced Bobby Winkles. After four games with Herzog at the helm, Dick Williams took over the managerial job and was then replaced with Norm Sherry. A year later, Sherry was replaced by Dave Garcia. Garcia didn't last a full season either, as Jim Fregosi took over as manager in 1978. In 1981, Fregosi was replaced in the mid-season by Gene Mauch. In 1988, manager Cookie Rojas was replaced eight games before the end of the season. After a start of 61 wins and 63 losses in 1991, manager Doug Rader was fired and was replaced by Buck Rodgers. A season later, Rodgers was replaced by Marcel Lachemann, who took the position for four games. He was then succeeded by John Wathan. Rodgers returned as manager in 1993, but he was soon replaced by Lachemann. In 1996, Lachemann was replaced by John McNamara, who in turn was replaced by Joe Maddon. In 1999, Terry Collins resigned as manager in mid-season. Joe Maddon finished the season. Mauch, Rodgers, Lachemann, McNamara, and Maddon have had two stints as manager.
As of 2019, Brad Ausmus replaced Mike Scioscia as manager of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim.Louisville Bats
The Louisville Bats are a professional Minor League Baseball team based in Louisville, Kentucky. They play in the International League as the Triple-A affiliate of the Cincinnati Reds. The Bats play their home games at Louisville Slugger Field which opened in 2000. The team previously played at Old Cardinal Stadium from 1982 to 1999.
The Bats began play as the Louisville Redbirds as members of the Triple-A American Association in 1982. They became the Louisville RiverBats when they joined the International League in 1998. Louisville won the American Association championship in 1984, 1985, and 1995 as the top affiliate of the St. Louis Cardinals. Their lone International League championship was won in 2001 with Cincinnati.