Jim Bunning

James Paul David Bunning (October 23, 1931 – May 26, 2017) was an American professional baseball pitcher and politician who represented Kentucky in both chambers of the United States Congress. He is the sole Major League Baseball athlete to have been elected to both the United States Senate and the National Baseball Hall of Fame.

Bunning pitched from 1955 to 1971 for the Detroit Tigers, Philadelphia Phillies, Pittsburgh Pirates, and Los Angeles Dodgers. When Bunning retired, he had the second-highest total career strikeouts in Major League history; he currently ranks 18th. As a member of the Phillies, Bunning pitched the seventh perfect game in Major League Baseball history on June 21, 1964, the first game of a Father's Day doubleheader at Shea Stadium, against the New York Mets. The perfect game was the first since 1880 in the National League.[1] Bunning was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in 1996 after election by the Hall's Veterans Committee.

After retiring from baseball, Bunning returned to his native northern Kentucky and was elected to the Fort Thomas city council, then the Kentucky Senate, in which he served as minority leader. In 1986, Bunning was elected to the United States House of Representatives from Kentucky's 4th congressional district, and served in the House from 1987 to 1999. He was elected to the United States Senate from Kentucky in 1998 and served two terms as the Republican junior U.S. Senator. In July 2009, he announced that he would not run for re-election in 2010. Bunning gave his farewell speech to the Senate on December 9, 2010, and was succeeded by Rand Paul on January 3, 2011.

Jim Bunning
Jim Bunning official photo
United States Senator
from Kentucky
In office
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2011
Preceded byWendell Ford
Succeeded byRand Paul
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 4th district
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1999
Preceded byGene Snyder
Succeeded byKen Lucas
Member of the Kentucky Senate
from the 11th District
In office
Preceded byDonald L. Johnson
Succeeded byArt Schmidt
Personal details
James Paul David Bunning

October 23, 1931
Southgate, Kentucky, U.S.
DiedMay 26, 2017 (aged 85)
Fort Thomas, Kentucky, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Mary Theis (m. 1952)
EducationXavier University (BA)

Baseball career
Jim Bunning as ballplayer
Jim Bunning as a Detroit Tigers rookie in 1955
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
July 20, 1955, for the Detroit Tigers
Last MLB appearance
September 3, 1971, for the Philadelphia Phillies
MLB statistics
Win–loss record224–184
Earned run average3.27
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
VoteVeterans Committee

Education and family

Bunning was born in Southgate, Kentucky, the son of Gladys (née Best) and Louis Aloysius Bunning.[2] He graduated from St. Xavier High School in Cincinnati in 1949[3] and received a bachelor's degree in economics from Xavier University in 1953.[4]

In 1952, Bunning married Mary Catherine Theis. They had five daughters and four sons. One of Bunning's sons, David Bunning, is a federal judge for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky, who presided over the Kim Davis case, Miller v. Davis. Another son, Bill, is the head brew master at Ye Olde Brothers Brewery in Navarre, Florida. Jim and Mary Catherine also have thirty-five grandchildren and fourteen great-grandchildren, as of 2013.[5] One of those grandchildren is Patrick Towles, a former starting quarterback for the University of Kentucky football team.[6]

Professional baseball career

After pitching for the Xavier Musketeers as a freshman, Bunning signed a professional contract with the Detroit Tigers, though he continued to attend classes at Xavier.[4][7] Bunning played in Minor League Baseball from 1950 through 1954 and part of the 1955 season, when the Tigers club described him as having "an excellent curve ball, a confusing delivery and a sneaky fast ball".[8] His first game in the major leagues was on July 20, 1955, with the Detroit Tigers. Bunning pitched his first no-hitter on July 20, 1958, for the Detroit Tigers against the Boston Red Sox.[3] On August 2, 1959, Bunning struck out three batters on nine pitches in the ninth inning of a 5–4 loss to the Boston Red Sox. Bunning became the fifth American League pitcher and the 10th pitcher in Major League history to accomplish an immaculate inning.[9]

Bunning pitched for the Detroit Tigers through 1963. During the 1963 Winter Meetings, the Tigers traded Bunning and Gus Triandos to the Philadelphia Phillies for Don Demeter and Jack Hamilton.[4] In his first season with the Phillies, Bunning entered play on June 21 with a 6–2 record on the season.[10] He was opposed on the mound by Tracy Stallard in the first game of a doubleheader. Through the first four innings, Bunning totaled four strikeouts through twelve batters.[11] In the fifth inning, Phillies second baseman Tony Taylor preserved the perfect game with his strong defensive play. A diving catch and a throw from the knees kept Mets catcher Jesse Gonder off the bases.[12] Bunning also had a good day at the plate, hitting a double and driving in two runs in the sixth inning.[11] By the end of the game, even the Mets fans were cheering Bunning's effort;[13] he had reached a three-ball count on only two batters, and retired shortstop Charley Smith on a pop-out, and pinch-hitters George Altman and John Stephenson on strikeouts, to complete the perfect game.[11]

Bunning, who at the time had seven children, said that his game, pitched on Father's Day (although Father's Day did not officially become a holiday until 1972[14]), could not have come at a more appropriate time. He remarked that his slider was his best pitch, "'just like the no-hitter I pitched for Detroit six years ago'".[12] Bunning posted the first regular-season perfect game since Charlie Robertson in 1922 (Don Larsen's perfect game was in the 1956 World Series).[15] The Phillies also won the second game of the doubleheader, 8–2, behind Rick Wise, who earned his first major league victory in his first start.[16]

Bunning's perfect game was the first thrown by a National League pitcher in 84 years. It was also the first no-hitter by a Phillies pitcher since Johnny Lush no-hit the Brooklyn Superbas on May 1, 1906. He is one of only seven pitchers to have thrown both a perfect game and an additional no-hitter, the others being Randy Johnson, Sandy Koufax, Addie Joss, Cy Young, Mark Buehrle, and fellow Phillie Roy Halladay, whose additional no-hitter came in Game 1 of the 2010 National League Division Series.[3] He is one of five players to have thrown a no-hitter in both leagues, the others being Young, Johnson, Nolan Ryan, and Hideo Nomo. Bunning was the first pitcher to pitch a no-hitter in both leagues, win 100 games in both leagues, and record 1,000 strikeouts in both leagues.[17]

Bunning is remembered for his role in the pennant race of 1964, in which the Phillies held a commanding lead in the National League for most of the season, eventually losing the title to the St. Louis Cardinals. Manager Gene Mauch used Bunning and fellow hurler Chris Short heavily down the stretch, and the two became visibly fatigued as September wore on. With a six and a half game lead as late as September 21, they lost 10 games in a row to finish tied for second place.[18]

Jim Bunning's number 14 was retired by the Philadelphia Phillies in 2001.

Bunning pitched for Philadelphia through 1967, when the Phillies began to rebuild. The Phillies traded him to the Pittsburgh Pirates before the 1968 season for four players, including Woodie Fryman.[4] He pitched for Pittsburgh into the 1969 season, and finished the 1969 season with the Los Angeles Dodgers. Bunning then returned to the Phillies in 1970 and retired in 1971.[4]

Bunning's 2,855 career strikeouts put him in second place on the all-time list at the time of his retirement, behind only Walter Johnson.[19] His mark was later surpassed by other pitchers, and he is currently 17th all-time. Despite year in and year out putting up excellent numbers, Bunning rarely led the league in any pitching categories. He never led the league in ERA; the only year he led the league in wins (20, in 1957, with the Detroit Tigers) was the only year he ever won 20 or more games; he did, however, lead the league in strikeouts three times (with 201 in 1959 and 1960, and 253 in 1967). He never won a Cy Young Award; the closest he would come was in 1967, his best year, when at age 35, he came in second behind Mike McCormick. He finished with a middling 17–15 record, but posted a career-best ERA (2.29), and led the league in shutouts (6), games started and innings pitched (40/302.1), and strikeouts (253). It was the only year in his career he earned any Cy Young Award votes. He did, however, win the NL Player of the Month Award in June 1964, the month of his perfect game (3–0, 2.20 ERA, 42 SO).

In 1984, Bunning was elected to the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame.[20] In 1996 he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame via the Veterans Committee.[21] In 2001, his uniform number, #14, was retired by the Phillies.[22]

After retiring as a player, Bunning began managing in the minor leagues for the Phillies organization. He managed the Reading Phillies, Eugene Emeralds, Toledo Mud Hens, and Oklahoma City 89ers from 1972 through 1976.[4]

Players union involvement

From the mid-1960s until his retirement from baseball, Bunning was active in the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA), and played a major role in transforming the organization into one of the country's most successful labor unions.[23]

Though the MLBPA had been formed in the early 1950s as an attempt to improve pay, benefits, and working conditions for players, team owners were still largely able to impose their will on the players by acting in concert to limit salaries and refrain from offering first rate employee benefits and working conditions, such as suitable stadium locker rooms and a per diem allowance to pay for meals while traveling for away games.[24] At the time, the starting salary was about $47,000 in current dollars ($6,000 in 1965), and the average salary was about $112,000 ($14,000 in 1965).[24] As a result, many players had to work in the off season.[24] The owners also offered a substandard pension plan which provided low payments to retirees, and for which most players were ineligible.[24] Many spring training playing fields were unsafe, and lodging and dining facilities were often racially segregated.[24]

Bunning became active with the MLBPA early in his career, including serving as the pension representative for the American League players and a member of the union's executive board.[24] In 1965, Bunning joined with Robin Roberts, a founder of the MLBPA, to hire a full-time executive director.[24] They agreed on Marvin Miller, then an economist with the United Steelworkers.[24] They convinced the players union to hire Miller, and he remained in the position until 1983.[24] Under Miller's direction, in 1968 the MLBPA negotiated its first collective bargaining agreement with the owners, which put the players on the path to improved salaries, benefits, and working conditions.[24] By the time Bunning retired, the minimum salary and average salary for major league players had nearly doubled.[24] By 2015, the minimum salary was over $500,000 and the average salary was over $4 million.[24] Over time, the MLBPA also succeeded at eliminating the reserve clause and Major League Baseball's exemption from antitrust laws.[24] As a result, players were able to negotiate for the right to veto trades, as well as the right to declare free agency and offer their services to the highest bidder.[24]

At the time of Bunning's death, Tony Clark, then serving as MLBPA's executive director, praised Bunning's union activities: "Recognizing the need to ensure that all players receive fair representation in their dealings with major league club owners, Jim, along with a number of his peers, helped pave the way for generations of players."[24]

Political career

Local and state positions

First elected to office in 1977, Bunning served two years on the city council of Fort Thomas, Kentucky before running for and winning a seat in the Kentucky Senate as a Republican.[25] He was elected minority leader by his Republican colleagues, a rare feat for a freshman legislator.[26]

Bunning was the Republican candidate for Governor of Kentucky in 1983. He and his running mate Eugene P. Stuart lost in the general election to Democrat Martha Layne Collins.[27]

House of Representatives

In 1986, Bunning won the Republican nomination in Kentucky's 4th congressional district, based in Kentucky's share of the Cincinnati metro area, after 10-term incumbent Republican Gene Snyder retired. He won easily in November and was reelected five more times without serious opposition in what was considered the most Republican district in Kentucky. After the Republicans gained control of the House in 1995, Bunning served as chairman of the House Ways and Means Subcommittee on Social Security until 1999.[28]

First Senate term

In 1998, Senate Minority Whip Wendell Ford decided to retire after 24 years in the Senate—at the time, the longest term in Kentucky history (a record later surpassed by Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell). Bunning won the Republican nomination for the seat, and faced fellow Congressman Scotty Baesler, a Democrat from the Lexington-based 6th District, in the general election.[29] Bunning defeated Baesler by just over half a percentage point. The race was very close; Bunning only won by swamping Baesler in the 4th by a margin that Baesler couldn't make up in the rest of the state (Baesler barely won the 6th).[30]

Bunning was one of the Senate's most conservative members, gaining high marks from several conservative interest groups. He was ranked by National Journal as the second-most conservative United States Senator in their March 2007 conservative/liberal rankings, after Sen. Jim DeMint (R-SC).[31]

Among the bills that Bunning sponsored is the Bunning-Bereuter-Blumenauer Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2004.[32]

2004 Senate race

Bunning was heavily favored for a second term in 2004 after his expected Democratic opponent, Governor Paul Patton, saw his career implode in a scandal over an extramarital affair. The Democrats chose Daniel Mongiardo, a relatively unknown physician and state senator from Hazard. Bunning had an estimated $4 million campaign war chest, while Mongiardo had only $600,000. However, due to a number of controversial incidents involving Bunning, the Democrats began increasing financial support to Mongiardo. Therein when it became apparent that Bunning's bizarre behavior was costing him votes, the Democrats purchased additional television airtime on Mongiardo's behalf.[33]

During his reelection bid, controversy erupted when Bunning described Mongiardo as looking "like one of Saddam Hussein's sons."[34] Public pressure compelled him to apologize. Bunning was also criticized for his use of a teleprompter during a televised debate with Mongiardo where Bunning participated via satellite link, refusing to appear in person.[35] Bunning was further criticized for making an unsubstantiated claim that his wife had been attacked by Mongiardo's supporters,[36] and for calling Mongiardo "limp wristed".[34] Bunning's mental health was also questioned during the campaign.[34]

In October 2004 Bunning told reporters "Let me explain something: I don't watch the national news, and I don't read the paper. I haven't done that for the last six weeks. I watch Fox News to get my information."[37]

Bunning won by just over one percentage point after the western portion of the state broke heavily for him.[38] Monigardo retained a narrow lead with as much as 80 percent of the vote counted. However, he could not overcome Bunning's lead in the western portion of the state (which is in the Central Time Zone) as well as George W. Bush easily carrying the state.

Second Senate term

As was expected in light of Bunning's previous career as a baseball player, he has been very interested in Congress's investigation of steroid use in baseball.[39][40] Bunning was also outspoken on the issue of illegal immigration, taking the position that all illegal immigrants should be deported.[41] Bunning was also the only member of the United States Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs to have opposed Ben Bernanke for Chief of the Federal Reserve. He said it was because he had doubts that Bernanke would be any different from Alan Greenspan.[42]

In April 2006, Time magazine called him one of America's Five Worst Senators.[43] The magazine dubbed him 'The Underperformer' for his "lackluster performance", saying he "shows little interest in policy unless it involves baseball", and criticized his hostility towards staff and fellow Senators and his "bizarre behavior" during his 2004 campaign.[43]

On December 6, 2006, only Bunning and Rick Santorum voted against the confirmation of Robert Gates as Secretary of Defense, with Bunning saying that "Mr. Gates has repeatedly criticized our efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan without providing any viable solutions to the problems our troops currently face. We need a secretary of defense to think forward with solutions and not backward on history we cannot change."[44]

Bunning reportedly blocked the move to restore public access to the records of past United States Presidents which had been removed under Executive Order 13233.[45]

In January 2009, Bunning missed more than a week of the start of Congress. Bunning said by phone that he was fulfilling "a family commitment six months ago to do certain things, and I'm doing them." Asked whether he would say where he was, Bunning replied: "No, I'd rather not."[46]

In February 2009, at the Hardin County Republican Party's Lincoln Day Dinner, while discussing conservative judges, Bunning predicted that Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg would likely be dead from pancreatic cancer within nine months.[47] Bunning later apologized if he had offended Ginsburg with his remarks and offered his thoughts and prayers to Ginsburg.[48]

Bunning was the only senator to miss the Senate's historic Christmas Eve 2009 vote on the health care reform bill; he cited family commitments as his reason for missing the vote. The bill passed without any Republican votes, 60–39.[49][50][51]

On February 25, 2010, Bunning objected to a proposal of unanimous consent for an extension of unemployment insurance, COBRA, and other federal programs, citing that this extension was not pay-as-you-go. He proposed an amendment which sought to find the funds to pay for the bill from the Stimulus Bill of 2009, and declared that he supported the unemployed, but that a bill such as this only adds to the growing deficit and that it should be paid for immediately.[52][53]

I have offered to do the same thing for the same amount of time. The only difference that I have. ... is that I believe we should pay for it. ... There are going to be other bills brought to this floor that are not going to be paid for, and I'm going to object every time they do it.[54]

Senator Bob Corker joined Bunning, while other senators worked to cease his objections until 11:48 p.m. EST. When Senator Jeff Merkley urged him to drop his objections to vote on a 30-day extension of benefits, Bunning responded "tough shit."[55] On March 2, Bunning finally agreed to end his objection to the bill in exchange for a vote on his amendment to pay for the package. It failed 53–43 on a procedural vote.[56] The extension of unemployment benefits then passed by a vote of 78–19.[57]

Aborted 2010 re-election campaign

Rand Paul & Jim Bunning by Gage Skidmore
Bunning with his eventual successor, Rand Paul

In January 2009, when asked whether Bunning was the best candidate to run or whether there were better GOP candidates for Bunning's Senate seat, National Republican Senatorial Committee Chairman John Cornyn said: "I don't know. I think it's really up to Senator Bunning." Bunning replied: "Anybody can run for anything they choose. I am gearing up, and I look forward to the challenge of taking on whoever comes out of the Democrat primary in May of 2010."[58] Kentucky State Senate President David L. Williams was reportedly considering running against Bunning in the primary.[59] Bunning responded by threatening to sue the National Republican Senatorial Committee if they recruited a candidate to run against him in the primary. He also attacked NRSC Chairman John Cornyn:

The NRSC never helped me last time and they're probably not going to help me this time ... [David Williams] owes me $30,000 and he said he'll repay me. I was short in my FEC money and he asked me if I would help save two state senate seats ... I told him if I did it I would have to have it replaced at the first of the year. So far he has not.[60]

As of the end of September 2008, Bunning had $175,000 in his campaign account. By comparison, all other Republican senators facing competitive 2010 races had at least $850,000 at that point.[58] In the last quarter of 2008, the senator's campaign committee Citizens for Bunning had raised $27,000 from 26 separate contributions, ending the year with $150,000 in cash.[61] In mid-April, KYWORDSMITH.com reported that of the $263,000 that Bunning collected during the first quarter of 2009, over 77% ($203,383) was received from out of state, while over 10% ($28,100) was actually untouchable for another 13 months as it was contributed exclusively for use in a general election.[62] Bunning had two fund raisers scheduled in the first half of April.[63]

In an April 2009 poll, Bunning's approval rating was just 28%, and he trailed the four most likely Democratic candidates in hypothetical contests. 54% of voters in the state disapproved of Bunning's performance.[64] Kentucky Secretary of State Trey Grayson announced on April 30, 2009, that he would form an exploratory committee to run for Bunning's seat. It was speculated that this was a precursor to Bunning's retirement. "He (Bunning) told Trey to do this", one senior congressional official said of Bunning. "Why else would he tell his main rival to prepare for a run?" [65] However, Bunning said at a Lincoln Day dinner in Kentucky on 9 May that he still planned to run: "The battle is going to be long, but I am prepared to fight for my values."[66]

In a press conference on May 19, Bunning called Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell a "control freak": "If Mitch McConnell doesn't endorse me, it could be the best thing that ever happened to me in Kentucky."[67]

On July 27, 2009, Bunning announced he would not run for re-election in 2010, blaming fellow Republicans for doing "everything in their power to dry up my fundraising."[68] On April 14, 2010, in a further show of disdain for GOP leadership and insiders, Bunning announced his support for outsider candidate Rand Paul over establishment favorite Trey Grayson.[69]

Committee assignments

Jim Bunning Foundation

On December 18, 2008, the Lexington Herald Leader reported that Sen. Bunning's non-profit foundation, the Jim Bunning Foundation, has given less than 25 percent of its proceeds to charity. The charity has taken in $504,000 since 1996, according to Senate and tax records; during that period, Senator Bunning was paid $180,000 in salary by the foundation while working a reported one hour per week. Bunning Foundation board members include his wife Mary, and Cincinnati tire dealer Bob Sumerel. In 2008, records indicate that Bunning attended 10 baseball shows around the country and signed autographs, generating $61,631 in income for the charity.[70]

Death and burial

Bunning died in Edgewood, Kentucky on the night of May 26, 2017, at the age of 85 following a stroke he suffered in October 2016.[71][72] Following a funeral service at Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption in Covington, Bunning was buried at St. Stephen Cemetery in Fort Thomas.[73]

Electoral history

Kentucky's 4th congressional district: Results 1986–1996[74]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct
1986 Terry L. Mann 53,906 44% Jim Bunning 67,626 56% *
1988 Richard V. Beliles 50,575 26% Jim Bunning 145,609 74%
1990 Galen Martin 44,979 31% Jim Bunning 101,680 69%
1992 Floyd G. Poore 86,890 38% Jim Bunning 139,634 62%
1994 Sally Harris Skaggs 33,717 26% Jim Bunning 96,695 74%
1996 Denny Bowman 68,939 32% Jim Bunning 149,135 68%

*In 1986, Walter T. Marksberry received 735 votes, W. Ed Parker received 485 votes, and other write-ins received 11 votes.

Kentucky Senator (Class III) results: 1998–2004[74]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1998 Scotty Baesler 563,051 49.2% Jim Bunning 569,817 49.7% Charles R. Arbegust Reform 12,546 1.1%
2004 Daniel Mongiardo 850,855 49% Jim Bunning 873,507 51%


In 2005, Bunning received the United States Sports Academy's highest honor, the Eagle Award, which is given in recognition of an individual's significant contributions to international sport.[75]

The 1996 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, held in Philadelphia, was dedicated to Bunning and fellow Phillies legends Richie Ashburn, Steve Carlton, Robin Roberts and Mike Schmidt, all of whom threw out the ceremonial first pitch.[76]

See also


  1. ^ Valentine, Matt. "Jim Bunning, U.S. senator and baseball luminary, dies at 85". Politico. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  2. ^ "Learning Centers at ancestry.com". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Coffey, Michael (2004). 27 Men Out: Baseball's Perfect Games. New York: Atria Books. pp. 79–95. ISBN 0-7434-4606-2.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Berger, Ralph. "Jim Bunning". Society of American Baseball Research. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  5. ^ Greg Noble. "Jim Bunning: Fifty years ago, perfect game stamped his Hall of Fame ticket". WCPO. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
  6. ^ "Patrick Towles Bio – Kentucky Wildcats Official Athletic Site". ukathletics.com. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
  7. ^ Xavier Athletic Communications (May 27, 2017). "Former U.S. Senator, MLB Hall of Famer Jim Bunning (Xavier '53) Passes Away at 85". GoXavier.com. Cincinnati, OH: Xavier University.
  8. ^ Official Profile, Photo and Data Book. Detroit Tigers. 1957. p. 13.
  9. ^ Holmes, Dan. "When the Tigers struck out four times in one inning, and other odd feats". Detroitathletic.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  10. ^ "The 1964 Philadelphia Phillies". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved October 22, 2009.
  11. ^ a b c "Philadelphia Phillies 6, New York Mets 0 (1)". Retrosheet, Inc. June 21, 1964. Retrieved October 22, 2009.
  12. ^ a b "Phils' Bunning Hurls Perfect Game". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. June 22, 1964. pp. 22, 24. Retrieved October 22, 2009.
  13. ^ White, Gordon S. Jr. (June 22, 1964). "Bunning Pitches a Perfect Game; Mets Are Perfect Victims, 6 to 0". New York Times. p. 1. The Phils won the contest ... before 32,904 fans who were screaming for Bunning during the last two innings ... Yesterday's perfect pitching turned the usually loyal Met fans into Bunning fans in the late innings. From the seventh inning on ... Bunning had the crowd ... behind him.
  14. ^ Geranios, Nicolas K. "The un-Spokane history of Father's Day". The Virginian Pilot. Pilot Media. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  15. ^ "No Hitters Chronologically". Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved April 2, 2009.
  16. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies 8, New York Mets 2 (2)". Retrosheet Inc. June 21, 1964. Retrieved October 22, 2009.
  17. ^ "Age Is No Deterrent to Perfection". The New York Times. May 19, 2004. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  18. ^ "Beyond Bunning and Short Rest: An Analysis of Managerial Decisions That Led to the Phillies' Epic Collapse of 1964 – Society for American Baseball Research". sabr.org. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  19. ^ "Progressive Leaders &amp Records for Strikeouts". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  20. ^ Salisbury, Jim (October 23, 2016). "Phillies Hall of Fame pitcher Jim Bunning recovering from stroke". Csnphilly.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  21. ^ Ed Hornick, CNN. "Bunning's abrasive behavior spans careers". CNN.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  22. ^ "Bunning's number retired in Philly". Enquirer.com. April 7, 2001. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  23. ^ Dreier, Peter (May 31, 2017). "The Fascinating Story of Major League Baseball's Players Union Stimulated by the Death of Jim Bunning". AlterNet. Berkeley, CA.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "The Fascinating Story of Major League Baseball's Players Union".
  25. ^ Collier, Mark. "Jim Bunning, Former US Senator and Baseball Hall of Famer, Passes Away". Fort Thomas Matters. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  26. ^ TEGNA. "Jim Bunning, Hall of Fame pitcher and ex-U.S. senator from Kentucky, dead at 85". WHAS11.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  27. ^ Peterson, Bill (November 9, 1983). "Martha Collins Elected Kentucky Governor". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  28. ^ Courier-Journal Report. "Jim Bunning, Hall of Fame pitcher and ex-US senator from Kentucky, dead". Usatoday.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  29. ^ "A neck-and-neck Senate race in Kentucky – September 29, 1998". Cnn.com. September 29, 1998. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  30. ^ PHILIP SHENON (November 5, 1998). "THE 1998 ELECTIONS: THE STATES – KENTUCKY; Democrat, Loser in Senate Race, Forgoes Recount – The New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  31. ^ "Political Arithmetik: National Journal 2006 Liberal/Conservative Scores". Politicalarithmetik.blogspot.com. March 5, 2007. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  32. ^ "The Exit Interviews: Sen. Jim Bunning – politics – The Exit Interviews". NBC News. September 16, 2010. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  33. ^ "Incumbent's Gaffes Narrow Ky. Senate Race". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  34. ^ a b c "Indecision 2004 – Senate Race Results – The Daily Show with Jon Stewart – 11/02/2004 – Video Clip | Comedy Central". Thedailyshow.com. November 2, 2004. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  35. ^ Mary Jacoby (October 12, 2004). "Weirdness in Kentucky; The increasingly strange behavior of Republican Sen. Jim Bunning has led to speculation that he is suffering from some kind of dementia – and tightened a race he once had in his pocket". Salon Magazine.
  36. ^ Collins, Dan (October 26, 2004). "Jim Bunning Pitches Into Trouble". CBS News. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  37. ^ "Mongiardo, Bunning camps trade barbs". Enquirer.com. October 23, 2004. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  38. ^ "USATODAY.com – Bunning wins Senate race after close, bitter race". Usatoday30.usatoday.com. November 3, 2004. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  39. ^ "Bunning, McCain to Reintroduce Steroids Bill". Washingtonpost.com. November 1, 2005. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  40. ^ Bunning, Jim (July 21, 2009). "Baseball Great Jim Bunning: Steroid Users Have No Place in Hall of Fame: Genuine baseball stars feel cheated by enhanced stats. Besides, the kids are watching". US News. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  41. ^ "Sen. Bunning: Amnesty backers 'smoking something illegal'". OneNewsNow.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  42. ^ "Greenspan critic Bunning also opposes Bernanke – Oct. 25, 2005". Money.cnn.com. October 25, 2005. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  43. ^ a b Calabresi, Massimo; Bacon, Jr., Perry (April 16, 2006). "Jim Bunning: The Underperformer". Time. Archived from the original on January 7, 2007.
  44. ^ "Gates Confirmed As Secretary of Defense". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  45. ^ "Court Rules Delay in Release of Presidential Papers is Illegal; Fails to Address Authority of Former Vice Presidents to Hold Up Disclosure of Papers". National Security Archive. October 1, 2007.
  46. ^ Carroll, James R. (January 16, 2009). "Bunning absent from Senate, says family more important; Says his absences are inconsequential". Louisville Courier-Journal.
  47. ^ Kraushaar, Josh (February 22, 2009). "Bunning: Ginsburg will be dead in nine months". Politico.Com. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  48. ^ Carroll, James R. (February 23, 2009). "Bunning apologizes for Ginsburg comments". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
  49. ^ "Sen. Barrasso: Bunning left D.C. before healthcare votes". The Hill. December 24, 2009. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
  50. ^ Shiner, Meredith (December 24, 2009). "Bunning misses vote for 'family commitments'". Politico. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  51. ^ "Bunning: Missed Health Vote for 'Family Commitments'". The Jacksonville Observer. December 26, 2009. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  52. ^ Bunning, Jim (February 26, 2010). "Bunning Floor Statement On Pay-For Agreement". United States Senate. Archived from the original on March 7, 2010. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
  53. ^ "Bunning Filibusters Benefits Extension; Durbin Fights Back". Roll Call. February 25, 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  54. ^ "Bunning Senate Floor Quotes On Pay For". United States Senate. February 26, 2010. Archived from the original on March 4, 2010. Retrieved March 9, 2010.
  55. ^ "Jim Bunning repeatedly block unemployment extension, February 25, 2010". Politico.
  56. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  57. ^ "89.3 WFPL | Bunning Drops Objection To Senate Bill". Wfpl.org. March 2, 2010. Archived from the original on March 8, 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  58. ^ a b Kraushaar, Josh; Raju, Manu (January 22, 2009). "GOP pressures Bunning to quit". The Politico.
  59. ^ Al Cross (April 12, 2009). "As Conway announces, Senate race sharpens". Louisville Courier-Journal.
  60. ^ John Stamper (February 24, 2009). "Bunning: "I would have a suit" if Republicans recruit an opponent". bluegrasspolitics. Archived from the original on April 30, 2011. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
  61. ^ James R. Carroll (January 24, 2009). "Bunning's weak '08 fundraising raises more questions about 2010 run; Doubts continue growing despite vow to run in 2010". Louisville Courier-Journal.
  62. ^ [1] Archived October 16, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  63. ^ Ronnie Ellis (March 31, 2009). "Bunning says fund raising picking up after "lousy" start; has two upcoming Kentucky fund raising events". New Albany Tribune and Jeffersonville Evening News. Archived from the original on September 9, 2012.
  64. ^ Debnam, Dean (April 8, 2009). "Bunning in big trouble". Public Policy Polling, April 8, 2009. Retrieved on April 8, 2009 from [2] Archived August 15, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  65. ^ JOSH KRAUSHAAR & MANU RAJU (April 30, 2009). "Bunning poised to retire". Politico.
  66. ^ [3] Archived October 16, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  67. ^ Politico (May 19, 2009). "Bunning calls McConnell a control freak".
  68. ^ Ben Pershing and Chris Cillizza (July 28, 2009). "Bunning Will Not Seek Third Term; GOP Leaders Urged Senator to Retire". Washington Post.
  69. ^ Business Wire (April 14, 2010). "Senator Jim Bunning Endorses Rand Paul".
  70. ^ John Cheves (December 18, 2008). "Non-profit profits U.S. Sen. Jim Bunning of Kentucky". Lexington Herald Leader. Archived from the original on September 4, 2012.
  71. ^ "Senator Jim Bunning Dies at 85". Rcnky.com. October 21, 2016. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  72. ^ , May 27, 2017. "Jim Bunning, former U.S. senator, dies at 85". Wcpo.com. Retrieved May 27, 2017.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  73. ^ WPCO staff (June 4, 2017). "Former U.S. senator, Hall of Fame pitcher Jim Bunning laid to rest". WCPO-TV. Cincinnati, OH.
  74. ^ a b "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on July 30, 2008. Retrieved August 8, 2007.
  75. ^ "Scribe Strategies & Advisors :: News & Resources :: Press Release". Scribeus.com. December 16, 2005. Archived from the original on September 2, 2007. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  76. ^ "All-Star Game Recaps | MLB.com". Mlb.mlb.com. Retrieved May 28, 2017.

External links

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Bob Keegan
No-hitter pitcher
July 20, 1958
Succeeded by
Hoyt Wilhelm
Preceded by
Sandy Koufax
No-hitter pitcher
June 21, 1964
Succeeded by
Jim Maloney
Preceded by
Don Larsen
Perfect game pitcher
June 21, 1964
Succeeded by
Sandy Koufax
Preceded by
Billy Williams
Recipient of the Major League Baseball Player of the Month Award
June 1964
Succeeded by
Ron Santo
Party political offices
Preceded by
Louie B. Nunn
Republican nominee for Governor of Kentucky
Succeeded by
John Harper
Preceded by
David Williams
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Kentucky
(Class 3)

1998, 2004
Succeeded by
Rand Paul
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Gene Snyder
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kentucky's 4th congressional district

Succeeded by
Ken Lucas
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Wendell H. Ford
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Kentucky
Served alongside: Mitch McConnell
Succeeded by
Rand Paul
1961 Major League Baseball All-Star Game (second game)

The second 1961 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was played in Fenway Park in Boston on July 31, 1961. It was the first MLB All-Star Game to end in a tie. The game in 2002 also ended in a tie.Rocky Colavito's one-out home run in the bottom of the first off National League starter Bob Purkey gave the American League a 1–0 lead, but Purkey only allowed two walks in the second before Art Mahaffey pitched a scoreless third and fourth, allowing only a leadoff walk to Mickey Mantle in the fourth. The Americans only got three more hits versus Sandy Koufax and Stu Miller.

American starter Jim Bunning pitched three perfect innings, but Don Schwall allowed a bases-loaded single to Bill White that tied the game in the sixth. All five hits the Nationals got were charged to Schwall. Camilo Pascual pitched three shutout innings before the game was called due to rain after nine innings with the score 1–1.

1963 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1963 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 34th playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 9, 1963 in Cleveland, Ohio, at Cleveland Municipal Stadium, home of the American League's Cleveland Indians. The game was won by the National League 5–3.

From 1959 to 1962, baseball experimented with a pair of All-Star Games per year. That ended with this 1963 game, which also marked the 30th anniversary of the inaugural All-Star Game played in Chicago in 1933.

1964 Philadelphia Phillies season

The 1964 Philadelphia Phillies season was the 82nd season for the franchise in Philadelphia. The Phillies finished in a second-place tie with the Cincinnati Reds. Both posted a record of 92–70, finishing one game behind the National League (NL) and World Series champion St. Louis Cardinals, and just two games ahead of fourth-place San Francisco. Gene Mauch managed the Phillies, who played their home games at Connie Mack Stadium.

The team is notable for being in first place in the National League since the opening day, and then suffering a drastic collapse during the final two weeks of the season. The "Phold of '64", as it became known, is one of the most infamous collapses in baseball history.

1966 Philadelphia Phillies season

In 1966, the Philadelphia Phillies had a winning record of 87-75. During the winning season the Phillies also beat two of their biggest rivals, the Pittsburgh Pirates and New York Mets. They had the third highest winning percentage in the National League that year. The Phillies are owned by R. R. M. Carpenter, Jr. and since 1938 the Phillies have played home games in Connie Mack Stadium. While in the off season the Phillies purchased and traded several players. Among the purchased was Mike Marshall from the Detroit Tigers. Throughout its history, players could be added to the team via the farm system. The primary farm team was the Triple A San Diego Padres and the Double A Macon Peaches. However, no players were added this season from the farm system.

1967 Philadelphia Phillies season

The 1967 Philadelphia Phillies season consisted of the Phillies' 82–80 finish, good for fifth place in the National League, 19½ games behind the NL and World Series Champion St. Louis Cardinals. The Phillies would not finish above .500 again until 1975.

1970 Philadelphia Phillies season

The 1970 Philadelphia Phillies season was the 88th season for the franchise in Philadelphia. The Phillies finished in fifth place in the National League East with a record of 73–88, 15​1⁄2 games behind the Pittsburgh Pirates. The Phillies were playing their final season of home games at Connie Mack Stadium, before moving into their new facility, Veterans Stadium, at the start of the following season.

1971 Philadelphia Phillies season

The 1971 Philadelphia Phillies season was the 89th season for the franchise in Philadelphia. The Phillies finished in sixth place in the National League East, with a record of 67–95.

1983 Kentucky gubernatorial election

The 1983 Kentucky gubernatorial election was held on November 8, 1983. Democratic nominee Martha Layne Collins defeated Republican nominee Jim Bunning with 54.50% of the vote.

1996 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1996 followed the system in use since 1995. The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players but no one tallied the necessary 75% support.

The BBWAA had petitioned the Hall of Fame Board of Directors on January 5, 1995, to reconsider the eligibility of Larry Bowa, Bill Madlock, Al Oliver and Ted Simmons, each of whom had failed to receive at least 5% of ballots cast in each of their first years of eligibility (Bowa and Oliver in 1991, Maddlock in 1993 and Simmons in 1994). The Board approved, but before the ballot was released, the BBWAA decided not to include them on the ballot after all.

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions and selected four people from multiple classified ballots: Jim Bunning, Bill Foster, Ned Hanlon, and Earl Weaver.

1998 United States Senate election in Kentucky

The 1998 United States Senate election in Kentucky was held November 3, 1998. It was concurrent with elections to the United States House of Representatives. Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Wendell Ford decided to retire, instead of seeking a fifth term. Republican U.S. Representative Jim Bunning narrowly won the open seat, defeating Democratic U.S. Representative Scotty Baesler.

2004 United States Senate election in Kentucky

The 2004 United States Senate election in Kentucky took place on November 2, 2004 alongside other elections to the United States Senate in other states as well as elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections. Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Jim Bunning narrowly won re-election to a second term over Democratic State Senator Daniel Mongiardo.

2010 United States Senate election in Kentucky

The 2010 United States Senate election in Kentucky took place on November 2, 2010 alongside other elections to the United States Senate in other states as well as elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections. Primaries for each respective party were held on May 18, 2010. Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Jim Bunning decided to retire instead of seeking a third term. Republican nominee Rand Paul, an opthalmologist, won the open seat against Kentucky Attorney General Jack Conway.

David Bunning

David Louis Bunning (born July 14, 1966) is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky. Bunning is the son of former Republican Senator Jim Bunning, a Hall of Fame baseball pitcher who represented Kentucky in the United States Senate from 1999 to 2011.

Eugene P. Stuart

Eugene P. Stuart (1927–2002) was a Republican and a longtime member of the Kentucky General Assembly. He was the Republican nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky on a ticket headed by Jim Bunning in 1983.

Jim Bunning's perfect game

On June 21, 1964, Jim Bunning of the Philadelphia Phillies pitched the seventh perfect game in Major League Baseball history, defeating the New York Mets 6-0 in the first game of a doubleheader at Shea Stadium. A father of seven children at the time, Bunning pitched his perfect game on Father's Day. One of Bunning's daughters, Barbara, was in attendance, as was his wife, Mary.

Needing only 90 pitches to complete his masterpiece, Bunning struck out 10 batters, including six of the last nine he faced; the last two strikeouts were of the last two batters he faced: George Altman and John Stephenson.

The perfect game was the first regular season perfect game since Charlie Robertson's perfect game in 1922 (Don Larsen had pitched a perfect game in between, in the 1956 World Series), as well as the first in modern-day National League history (two perfect games had been pitched in 1880). It was also the first no-hitter by a Phillies pitcher since Johnny Lush no-hit the Brooklyn Superbas on May 1, 1906.

Bunning, who no-hit the Boston Red Sox while with the Detroit Tigers in 1958, joined Cy Young as the only pitchers to throw no-hitters in both the National and American Leagues; he has since been joined by Nolan Ryan, Hideo Nomo and Randy Johnson. The perfect game also made Bunning the third pitcher, after Young and Addie Joss, to throw a perfect game and an additional no-hitter; Sandy Koufax, Johnson, Mark Buehrle and Roy Halladay have since joined him (the latter of these pitchers pitched his additional no-hitter in the 2010 National League Division Series after pitching his perfect game earlier in the season).

As the perfect game developed, Bunning defied the baseball superstition that no one should talk about a no-hitter in progress, speaking to his teammates about the perfect game to keep himself relaxed and loosen up his teammates. Bunning had abided by the tradition during a near-no hitter a few weeks before, determining afterwards that keeping quiet didn’t help.Gus Triandos, Bunning's catcher, had also caught Hoyt Wilhelm's no-hitter on September 20, 1958 while with the Baltimore Orioles, becoming the first catcher to catch no-hitters in both leagues.

List of Detroit Tigers Opening Day starting pitchers

The Detroit Tigers are a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in Detroit, Michigan. They play in the American League Central division. The first game of the new baseball season is played on Opening Day, and being named the starter that day is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. Since joining the league in 1901, the Tigers have used 55 different Opening Day starting pitchers. The Tigers have a record of 56 wins and 59 losses in their Opening Day games. They also played one tie game, in 1927.The Tigers have played in three different home ball parks, Bennett Park from 1901 through 1911, Tiger Stadium (also known as Navin Field and Briggs Stadium) from 1912 to 1999 and Comerica Park since 2000. They had a record of 5 wins and 2 losses in Opening Day games at Bennett Park, 19 wins and 22 losses at Tiger Stadium and 3 wins and 4 losses at Comerica Park, for a total home record in Opening Day games of 26 wins and 28 losses. Their record in Opening Day away games is 27 wins, 31 losses and one tie.Jack Morris has the most Opening Day starts for the Tigers, with 11 consecutive starts from 1980 to 1990. Morris had a record of seven wins and four losses in his Opening Day starts. George Mullin had ten Opening Day starts for the Tigers between 1903 and 1913. The Tigers won five of those games and lost the other five. Mickey Lolich had seven Opening Day starts between 1965 and 1974. He had a record of five wins and two losses in those starts. Justin Verlander has also made seven Opening Day starts for the Tigers, between 2008 and 2014. His record in those starts is one win and one loss with five no-decisions. Other Tiger pitchers with at least three Opening Day starts include Hal Newhouser with six, Earl Whitehill and Jim Bunning with four; and Tommy Bridges, Frank Lary and Mike Moore with three.The first game the Tigers played as a Major League team was on April 25, 1901, against the Milwaukee Brewers. Roscoe Miller was the Tigers Opening Day starting pitcher for that game, which the Tigers won 14–13. The Tigers have played in the World Series eleven times, in 1907, 1908, 1909, 1934, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1968, 1984, 2006, and 2012, with wins in four of those: 1935, 1945, 1968 and 1984. The Tigers Opening Day starting pitchers in those seasons were Mullin (1907 and 1909), Ed Siever (1908), Firpo Marberry (1934), Rowe (1935), Newsom (1940), Newhouser (1945), Earl Wilson (1968), Morris (1984), Kenny Rogers (2006), and Justin Verlander (2012). The Tigers won five of those Opening Day games and lost the other five.Josh Billings was the Tigers Opening Day starting pitcher in 1928, despite being only 20 years old and having only won five Major League games prior to the season. Bunning, who made four Opening Day starts for the Tigers was later elected to the United States Senate. McLain, who made two Opening Day starts for the Tigers, was later convicted of embezzlement. Bunning and Newhouser have each been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

List of Philadelphia Phillies no-hitters

The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Philadelphia. They play in the National League East division. Also known in their early years as the "Philadelphia Quakers", pitchers for the Phillies have thrown thirteen separate no-hitters in franchise history. A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "when a pitcher (or pitchers) allows no hits during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings", though one or more batters "may reach base via a walk, an error, a hit by pitch, a passed ball or wild pitch on strike three, or catcher's interference". No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form. A no-hitter is rare enough that one team in Major League Baseball has never had a pitcher accomplish the feat.Of the thirteen no-hitters pitched by Phillies players, three have been won by a score of 6–0, and three by a score of 1–0, more common than any other results. The largest margin of victory in a Phillies no-hitter was ten runs, in a 10–0 win by Chick Fraser. Charlie Ferguson's no-hitter, the first in franchise history, was a 1–0 victory, as were two of the more recent regular season no-hitters, thrown by Kevin Millwood in 2003 and Roy Halladay in 2010. Three pitchers to throw no-hitters for the Phillies have been left-handed: Johnny Lush (in 1906), Terry Mulholland (in 1990) and Cole Hamels (in 2015). The other eight pitchers were right-handed. Halladay is the only Phillies' pitcher to throw more than one no-hitter in a Phillies uniform, and others, including Hall of Famer Jim Bunning, have pitched more than one in their careers. The longest interval between Phillies no-hitters was between the games pitched by Lush and Bunning, encompassing 58 years, 1 month, and 20 days from May 1, 1906 to June 21, 1964. Conversely, the shortest interval between no-hitters was between Halladay's two 2010 no-hitters, with a total of merely four months and seven days from May 29 to October 6; the shortest gap between regular-season no-hitters was between Mulholland's and Tommy Greene's games (nine months and eight days from August 15, 1990 to May 23, 1991). Two opponents have been no-hit by the Phillies more than one time: the San Francisco Giants, who were defeated by Mulholland (in 1990) and Millwood (in 2003); and the Cincinnati Reds, who were no-hit by Rick Wise (in 1971) and Halladay (in 2010).

The umpire is also an integral part of any no-hitter. The task of the umpire in a baseball game is to make any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out… [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final." Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which "is defined as that area over homeplate (sic) the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap." These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter. A different umpire presided over each of the Phillies' thirteen no-hitters, including Wes Curry, who created Major League Baseball's catcher interference rule.Two perfect games, a special subcategory of no-hitter, have been pitched in Phillies history. This feat was achieved by Bunning in 1964, which was the first perfect game in the National League since 1880, and Halladay in 2010. As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game."On July 25, 2015, Phillies left-hander Cole Hamels threw his first career no-hitter in a 5–0 win over the Chicago Cubs at the historic Wrigley Field. He narrowly missed completing a perfect game by walking two Cubs batters. Odubel Herrera, Phillies centerfielder, nearly dropped the game's final out at the warning track after he overran a long fly ball hit by Cubs rookie sensation Kris Bryant; Herrera, however, was able to snag the ball with an awkward sliding catch to close out the game and preserve Hamels's no-hitter. In addition to this being Cole Hamels's first no-hitter, this was the fourth no hitter caught by longtime Phillies catcher Carlos Ruiz, who now has tied the MLB record for no-hitters caught.

Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame

The Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame is a collection of plaques, mounted on a brick wall next to the Left Field Gate at Citizens Bank Park, the ballpark of the Philadelphia Phillies. From 1978 to 2003, the Phillies inducted one figure from their franchise history and one notable person from the Philadelphia Athletics (A's) organization each year—with the exception of 1983, when the Phillies inducted their Centennial Team. Once Veterans Stadium closed in 2003, the wall plaques used to recognize the Phillies' members were moved to Citizens Bank Park; however, the Phillies no longer induct notable Athletics. Each person inducted into the Wall of Fame was honored with a metal plaque showing the person's face; their position with, and years of service to the team; and a summary of their most important contributions. In March 2004, the Athletics' plaques were relocated to the Philadelphia Athletics Historical Society in Hatboro, Pennsylvania, and a single plaque listing all of the A's inductees was attached to a statue of Connie Mack located across the street from Citizens Bank Park.Originally, the goal of the Wall of Fame was to induct the greatest players in Phillies and Athletics history; however, exceptions have been made for non-players who have made significant contributions to the organization. Mack, the Athletics' first inductee, had an 11-year playing career in the National League and the Players' League, but is most remembered for his managerial career, and was honored as such on the Wall. Members have been inducted for contributions in more than one area; Paul Owens, inducted in 1988, spent 48 years as a member of the Phillies organization, contributing as a scout, manager, general manager, and team executive. The Phillies have inducted four first basemen, four second basemen, five third basemen, three shortstops, one utility infielder, three catchers, 21 outfielders, 18 pitchers, seven managers, one general manager, one coach, two team executives, and two sportscasters. Twenty-one members of the Wall of Fame are also members of the Baseball Hall of Fame. All of the inductees in the first four seasons from both teams are members; Del Ennis was the first non-member to be inducted.

The first figures to be inducted into the Wall of Fame were Robin Roberts, who was inducted for the Phillies; and Mack, inducted for the A's. Roberts pitched in Philadelphia for 13 seasons as a member of the National League team, and Mack managed the American League club from 1901 to 1950. Although the Athletics have retired no numbers for players from their Philadelphia years, all seven players for whom the Phillies have retired a number or honored a "P" have been inducted into the Wall of Fame: Roberts (1978), Richie Ashburn (1979), Chuck Klein (1980), Grover Cleveland Alexander (1981), Jim Bunning (1984), Steve Carlton (1989), and Mike Schmidt (1990).On April 10, 2017, it was announced Pete Rose would be that year's inductee into the wall of fame. However, on August 12, 2017, just 10 days before the ceremony, the Phillies announced Rose would not be inducted amid statutory rape allegations. Instead of inducting someone new, they celebrated past inductees.

For the 2018 season Citizens Bank Park was renovated, resulting in the Phillies Wall of Fame being moved from Ashburn Alley. A new Wall of Fame area was created behind the Left Field scoreboard, next to the Left Field gate. This overhauled Left Field Plaza honors the team’s history and incorporates new concession offerings. Featuring large replicas of the team’s World Series trophies from 1980 and 2008, statues of its retired numbers along with the relocated Wall of Fame it is an area for fans to learn about and honor the team's past.

Important figures
Retired numbers
Key personnel
World Series
NL pennants (7)
Divisionchampionships (11)
Minor league
Inducted as a Phillie
Inductees who played for the Phillies
Phillies' managers
Phillies' executives
Frick Award
Spink Award
Inducted as
Inducted as
Veterans Committee
J. G. Taylor Spink Award
Ford C. Frick Award
First basemen
Second basemen
Third basemen
Designated hitters
Executives /
Toledo Mud Hens managers
Class 2
Class 3
Kentucky's delegation(s) to the 100th–111th United States Congresses (ordered by seniority)
100th Senate: W. Ford | M. McConnell House: W. Natcher | R. Mazzoli | C. Hubbard | L. Hopkins | H. Rogers | Ch. Perkins | J. Bunning
101st Senate: W. Ford | M. McConnell House: W. Natcher | R. Mazzoli | C. Hubbard | L. Hopkins | H. Rogers | Ch. Perkins | J. Bunning
102nd Senate: W. FordM. McConnell House: W. NatcherR. MazzoliC. HubbardL. HopkinsH. RogersCh. Perkins • J. Bunning
103rd Senate: W. FordM. McConnell House: W. Natcher (until Mar 29, 1994)R. MazzoliH. Rogers • J. Bunning • S. BaeslerT. BarlowR. Lewis (from May 24, 1994)
104th Senate: W. Ford | M. McConnell House: H. Rogers | J. Bunning | S. Baesler | R. Lewis | M. Ward | E. Whitfield
105th Senate: W. Ford | M. McConnell House: H. Rogers | J. Bunning | S. Baesler | R. Lewis | E. Whitfield | A. Northup
106th Senate: M. McConnell | J. Bunning House: H. Rogers | R. Lewis | E. Whitfield | A. Northup | E. Fletcher | K. Lucas
107th Senate: M. McConnell | J. Bunning House: H. Rogers | R. Lewis | E. Whitfield | A. Northup | E. Fletcher | K. Lucas
108th Senate: M. McConnell | J. Bunning House: H. Rogers | R. Lewis | E. Whitfield | A. Northup | E. Fletcher | K. Lucas | B. Chandler
109th Senate: M. McConnell | J. Bunning House: H. Rogers | R. Lewis | E. Whitfield | A. Northup | B. Chandler | G. Davis
110th Senate: M. McConnell | J. Bunning House: H. Rogers | R. Lewis | E. Whitfield | B. Chandler | G. Davis | J. Yarmuth
111th Senate: M. McConnell | J. Bunning House: H. Rogers | E. Whitfield | B. Chandler | G. Davis | J. Yarmuth | B. Guthrie

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.