Jim Bottomley

James Leroy Bottomley (April 23, 1900 – December 11, 1959) was an American professional baseball player. A first baseman, Bottomley played in Major League Baseball from 1922 through 1937 for the St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, and St. Louis Browns. He also served as player-manager for the Browns in 1937. Playing for the Cardinals against Brooklyn at Ebbets Field on September 16, 1924, Bottomley set the all-time single game RBI record with 12.[1]

Born in Oglesby, Illinois, Bottomley grew up in Nokomis, Illinois. He dropped out of high school at the age of 16 to raise money for his family. While he was playing semi-professional baseball, the Cardinals scouted and signed Bottomley. He won the League Award, given to the most valuable player, in 1928, and was a part of World Series championship teams in 1926 and 1931. Bottomley played for the Cardinals through the 1932 season, after which he was traded to the Reds. After playing for Cincinnati for three years, he played two more seasons with the Browns.

After finishing his playing career with the Browns, Bottomley joined the Chicago Cubs organization as a scout and minor league baseball manager. After suffering a heart attack, Bottomley and his wife retired to raise cattle in Missouri. Bottomley was nicknamed "Sunny Jim" because of his cheerful disposition. Bottomley was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1974 by the Veterans Committee and to the Cardinals Hall of Fame in 2014.

Jim Bottomley
First baseman / Manager
Born: April 23, 1900
Oglesby, Illinois
Died: December 11, 1959 (aged 59)
St. Louis, Missouri
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
August 18, 1922, for the St. Louis Cardinals
Last MLB appearance
September 16, 1937, for the St. Louis Browns
MLB statistics
Batting average.310
Home runs219
Runs batted in1,422
As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Election MethodVeterans Committee

Early life

Bottomley was born on April 23, 1900, to Elizabeth (née Carter) and John Bottomley in Oglesby, Illinois. His family later moved to Nokomis, Illinois, where Bottomley enrolled in grade school and Nokomis High School.[2] He dropped out when he was 16 years old in order to help support his family financially. Bottomley worked as a coal miner, truck driver, grocery clerk, and railroad clerk. His younger brother, Ralph, died in a mining accident in 1920.[3]

Bottomley also played semi-professional baseball for several local teams to make additional money, earning $5 a game ($83 in current dollar terms).[3][4] A police officer who knew Branch Rickey, the general manager of the St. Louis Cardinals, saw Bottomley play, and recommended Bottomley to Rickey.[3]

Professional career

St. Louis Cardinals

Rickey dispatched scout Charley Barrett to investigate Bottomley. The Cardinals decided to invite Bottomley to a tryout in late 1919, and signed him to a $150-a-month ($2,168 in current dollar terms) contract.[3] Bottomley began his professional career in minor league baseball in 1920. That year, Bottomley played for the Mitchell Kernels of the Class-D South Dakota League, posting a .312 batting average in 97 games, as Barrett continued to scout him.[5] He also played six games for the Sioux City Packers of the Class-A Western League. During his time in the minor leagues, the media began to call Bottomley "Sunny Jim", due to his pleasant disposition.[3]

The next season, Bottomley played for the Houston Buffaloes of the Class-A Texas League.[3] Bottomley suffered a leg injury early in the season which became infected, and impeded his performance during the season. Bottomley managed only a .227 batting average in 130 games and struggled with his fielding. Unable to sell Bottomley to Houston for $1,200 after the season ($16,856 in current dollar terms), Rickey sold Bottomley to the Syracuse Chiefs of the Class-AA International League for $1,000 ($14,047 in current dollar terms).[6] Fully recovered from his leg injury in 1922, Bottomley batted .348 with 14 home runs, 15 triples, and a .567 slugging percentage for the Chiefs. After the season, the Cardinals purchased Bottomley from the Chiefs for $15,000 ($224,523 in current dollar terms).[3]

Bottomley made his Major League Baseball debut for the St. Louis Cardinals on August 18, 1922. Replacing Jack Fournier, Bottomley batted .325 in 37 games. The Cardinals named Bottomley their starting first baseman in 1923. As a rookie, Bottomley batted .371, finishing second in the National League (NL) behind teammate Rogers Hornsby, who batted .384. His .425 on-base percentage also finished second in the NL behind Hornsby, while he finished sixth in slugging percentage, with a .535 mark. His 94 runs batted in (RBIs) were tenth-best in the league.[7]

Bottomley posted a .316 batting average in 1924.[3] In a game against the Brooklyn Dodgers on September 16, 1924, Bottomley set the major league record for RBIs in a single game, with 12, breaking Wilbert Robinson's record of 11, set in 1892. Robinson was serving as the manager of the Dodgers at the time.[3][8] This mark has since been tied by Mark Whiten in 1993.[9] Finishing the season with 111 RBIs, placing third in the NL, Bottomley's 14 home runs were seventh-best in the NL, while his .500 slugging percentage was good for tenth.[10] On the 29th of August, Bottomley became the last left-handed player to record an assist while playing second base.[11]

Bottomley hit .367 in 1925, finishing second in the NL to Hornsby. He led the NL with 227 hits, while his 128 RBIs were third-best, and his .413 on-base percentage was seventh-best in the league.[12] Bottomley batted .298 during the 1926 season, with an NL-leading 120 RBIs. His 19 home runs placed second in the NL, behind Hack Wilson's 21, while his .506 slugging percentage was sixth-best.[13] He batted .345 in the 1926 World Series, as the Cardinals defeated the New York Yankees.[3]

In 1927, Bottomley finished the season with 124 RBIs, fourth best in the league, and a .509 slugging percentage, finishing sixth in the NL.[14] Bottomley hit .325 with 31 home runs and 136 RBIs in 1928, leading the league in home runs and RBIs.[15] He also became the second Major League player in history to join the 20–20–20 club. That year, he won the League Award, given to the most valuable player of the NL.[16] The Cardinals reached the 1928 World Series, and Bottomley batted .214 as they lost to the New York Yankees.[17]

In 1929, Bottomley hit 29 home runs, finishing seventh in the NL, while his 137 RBIs were fifth-best, and his .568 slugging percentage placed him in eighth.[18] After having what manager Gabby Street considered a "poor year" in 1930,[19] Bottomley struggled in the 1930 World Series, batting .045 in 22 at-bats, as the Cardinals lost to the Philadelphia Athletics. Following the series, Bottomley described his World Series performance as "a bust as far as hitting goes".[20][21][22]

Amid questions about Bottomley's status with the Cardinals heading into the 1931 season, he demonstrated renewed hitting ability during spring training.[23] Despite the presence of Ripper Collins, a superior fielder who transferred to the Cardinals from the Rochester Red Wings of the International League, Street announced that Bottomley would remain the starting first baseman.[24] However, Bottomley suffered an injury and struggled early in the 1931 season after returning to the game, and it appeared that he might lose his job to Collins, who filled in for Bottomley during his injury.[25] Bottomley returned to form after his return, and he finished the season with a .3482 batting average, placing third behind teammate Chick Hafey's .3489 and Bill Terry's .3486, the closest batting average finish in MLB history.[3] His .534 slugging percentage was the sixth best in the league.[26] The Cardinals reached the 1931 World Series, with Bottomley batting .160, as the Cardinals defeated the Athletics.[27] That offseason, other teams began to attempt to trade for either Bottomley or Collins.[28] Bottomley batted .296 in 1932, though he only played in 91 games.[3]

Cincinnati Reds

After the 1932 season, the Cardinals traded Bottomley to the Cincinnati Reds for Ownie Carroll and Estel Crabtree, in an attempt to partner Bottomley with Chick Hafey in developing a more potent offensive attack. Bottomley had also sought Cincinnati's managerial position that offseason, which instead went to Donie Bush.[29][30]

Bottomley threatened to quit baseball in a salary dispute with the Reds, as he attempted to negotiate a raise from his $8,000 salary ($154,838 in current dollar terms), a reduction from the $13,000 salary ($238,724 in current dollar terms) he earned with the Cardinals the previous year.[31] He and the Reds eventually came to terms on a one-year contract believed to be worth between $10,000 and $13,000.[32] Bottomley finished eighth in the NL with 83 RBIs in 1933, and ninth with 13 home runs.[33] In three seasons with the Reds, Bottomley failed to hit higher than .283 or record more than 83 RBIs in a season. Bottomley left the Reds during spring training in 1935 due to a salary dispute,[34] deciding to return to the team in April.[35]

St. Louis Browns

Before the 1936 season, the Reds traded Bottomley to the St. Louis Browns of the American League (AL), who were managed by Hornsby, for Johnny Burnett.[36] During a July road trip, Bottomley announced his retirement as a result of an injured back;[37][38] however, he changed his mind and decided to remain with the team.[39] Bottomley batted .298 for the 1936 season.[3]

Bottomley decided to return to baseball in 1937.[40] When the Browns struggled during the 1937 season, beginning the season with a 25–52 win-loss record, the Browns fired Hornsby and named Bottomley their player-manager.[3][41] Bottomley led the Browns to 21 more victories, as the team finished the season in eighth place, with a 46–108 record. The Browns trailed the seventh place Athletics by ​9 12 games, and were 56 games out of first place. As a player, Bottomley batted .239 in 65 games during the 1937 season.[3] Bottomley was among the ten oldest players in the AL that year.[42]

The Browns did not retain Bottomley after the 1937 season,[43] replacing him with Street, who served as his first assistant during the 1937 season.[44] In 1938, Bottomley served as the player-manager of Syracuse. After a bad start to the season, and with team president Jack Corbett not adding capable players, Bottomley resigned and was replaced with Dick Porter.[45] Bottomley also indicated that he did not want to continue playing.[46]


Bottomley married Elizabeth "Betty" Browner, who operated a St. Louis beauty parlor, on February 4, 1933.[47] The couple had no children.[3] After he retired from baseball in 1938, Bottomley and his wife moved to the Bourbon, Missouri, area, where he raised Hereford cattle.[3] In 1939, Bottomley became a radio broadcaster, signing a deal with KWK, an AM broadcasting station, to broadcast Cardinals and Browns games.[48][49]

Bottomley returned to baseball as a scout for the Cardinals in 1955.[50] In 1957, he joined the Chicago Cubs as a scout[51] and managed the Pulaski Cubs of the Class D Appalachian League. While managing in Pulaski, Bottomley suffered a heart attack. The Bottomleys moved to nearby Sullivan, Missouri.[3] Bottomley died of a heart ailment in December 1959.[52] He and his wife Betty were interred in the International Order of Odd Fellows Cemetery, Sullivan, Missouri.[3]


Bottomley holds the single-season record for most unassisted double plays by a first baseman, with eight. Bottomley is also known as the only man to be sued for hitting a home run when a fan was hit by the ball when he was not looking. He had over 100 RBIs in each season from 1924 to 1929. Bottomley was the second player in baseball history to hit 20 or more doubles, triples, and home runs in one season (Frank Schulte being the first)[53] and the first of two players (Lou Gehrig being the other) to collect 150 or more doubles, triples, and home runs in a career.[54]

Bottomley was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame posthumously in 1974 by the Veterans Committee. The Baseball Writers' Association of America charged that the Veterans Committee was not selective enough in choosing members.[55] Charges of cronyism were levied against the Veterans Committee.[56] When Bottomley was elected, the Veterans Committee included Frankie Frisch, a teammate of Bottomley's with the Cardinals. Frisch and Bill Terry, also a member of the Veterans Committee at the time, shepherded the selections of teammates Jesse Haines in 1970, Dave Bancroft and Chick Hafey in 1971, Ross Youngs in 1972, George Kelly in 1973, and Freddie Lindstrom in 1976.[57] This led to the Veterans Committee having its powers reduced in subsequent years.[58]

In 2014, the Cardinals announced Bottomley was among 22 former players and personnel to be inducted into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum for its inaugural class of 2014.[59]

The city park in his adopted home town of Sullivan, Missouri is named for Bottomley.[3] A museum in Nokomis, Illinois, the Bottomley-Ruffing-Schalk Baseball Museum, is dedicated to Bottomley and fellow Hall of Famers Ray Schalk and Red Ruffing, who were also Nokomis residents.[3][60]

See also


  1. ^ http://www.retrosheet.org/boxesetc/1924/B09160BRO1924.htm The record has only been equaled once; by Mark Whiten 0/7/93 retrieved 8/30/2015
  2. ^ Bases loaded: Nokomis second to none in baseball history
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Johnson, Bill. "Jim Bottomley". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  4. ^ "End For A Blithe Spirit: Sunny Jim Bottomley Dies Suddenly; Combined Color And Top-Flight Talent". Toledo Blade. Associated Press. December 12, 1959. p. 14. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  5. ^ "Puzzlers In Baseball: Scout Recalls a Story of Jim Bottomley". The News and Courier. Charleston, South Carolina. March 22, 1929. p. 8. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  6. ^ "Talk To Students Gives Rickey Star First Sacker: Jim Bottomley, Discarded as Failure, Stages Meteoric Comeback to Fame". Ludington Daily News. Associated Press. November 21, 1923. p. 6. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  7. ^ "1923 National League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  8. ^ "Robinson Looks On As Jim Bottomley Breaks His Record". Hartford Courant. September 17, 1924. p. 17. Retrieved September 13, 2012. (subscription required)
  9. ^ Fimrite, Ron (September 20, 1993). "Mark Whiten". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  10. ^ "1924 National League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  11. ^ Preston, JG. "Left-handed throwing second basemen, shortstops and third basemen". prestonjg.wordpress.com. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  12. ^ "1925 National League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  13. ^ "1926 National League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  14. ^ "1927 National League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  15. ^ "1928 National League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  16. ^ Bell, Brian (December 5, 1928). "Jim Bottomley Voted Most Valuable In National League: St. Louis Player Awarded Coveted Baseball Honors; "Sunny Jim" Leads Freddy Lindstrom of Giants by Six Points; Eight Baseball Writers Select Infielder". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. pp. 2–3. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  17. ^ "1928 World Series – New York Yankees over St. Louis Cardinals (4–0)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  18. ^ "1929 National League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  19. ^ Street, Gabby (February 17, 1931). "Street, Summing Up Cards' Chances, Believes Bottomley Due For Great Year". Kentucky New Era. p. 4. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  20. ^ "'Sunny Jim' Bottomley Has Unwelcome Record". Hartford Courant. November 16, 1930. p. 7C. Retrieved September 13, 2012. (subscription required)
  21. ^ Bottomley, Jim (October 9, 1930). "Jim Bottomley Admits He Was Bust In Series: Has No Excuses To Offer for Batting Slump". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Universal Service. p. 18. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  22. ^ "1930 World Series – Philadelphia Athletics over St. Louis Cardinals (4–2)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  23. ^ "Jim Bottomley Regains Old Hitting Form: Veteran to Hold Down First Base For Cards Again". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. March 23, 1931. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  24. ^ Davis, Ralph (March 27, 1931). "'Sunny Jim' Bottomley Will Remain With Cards As First Baseman". The Pittsburgh Press. p. 47. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  25. ^ "Jim Bottomley Regains Batting Eye on Eastern Trip: Cardinal Star Lands Fourth Place With .338; Davis Continues to Lead National Loop Race With Average of .350". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. August 29, 1931. p. 2. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  26. ^ "1931 National League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  27. ^ "1931 World Series – St. Louis Cardinals over Philadelphia Athletics (4–3)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  28. ^ "Carey Seeking Jim Bottomley: With Bissonette Injured, Robins Need First-Sacker". The Pittsburgh Press. United Press International. March 25, 1932. p. 39. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  29. ^ "Jim Bottomley May Be Named Manager Of Reds". Hartford Courant. September 25, 1932. Retrieved September 13, 2012. (subscription required)
  30. ^ "Jim Bottomley Is Traded To Redlegs by St. Louis: Cincinnati Obtains Cardinal First Sacker in Swap for Owen Carroll and Estil Crabtree". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. December 18, 1932. p. 1-B. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
  31. ^ "Jim Bottomley Threatens To Quit". The Pittsburgh Press. United Press International. January 31, 1933. p. 28. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
  32. ^ "Jim Bottomley Signs One-year Contract With Cincinnati: Yields After 4-Hour Talk With Weil". Rochester Evening Journal. March 3, 1933. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  33. ^ "1933 National League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  34. ^ "Jim Bottomley Quits the Reds". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. March 30, 1935. p. 2. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
  35. ^ "Jim Bottomley Will Return to Redlegs". The Pittsburgh Press. United Press International. April 9, 1935. p. 31. Retrieved May 22, 2013.
  36. ^ "To Join Browns". The Palm Beach Post. Associated Press. March 22, 1936. p. 15. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
  37. ^ "Sunny Jim Bottomley Announces His Retirement From Baseball". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. July 18, 1936. p. 6. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  38. ^ "Checks Out: Jim Bottomley Given Big Cheer Last Time Up". San Jose News. Associated Press. July 17, 1936. p. 6. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
  39. ^ "Jim Bottomley to Hold Post". Los Angeles Times. July 22, 1936. Retrieved September 13, 2012. (subscription required)
  40. ^ "Jim Bottomley Changes Mind About Retiring From Game". Los Angeles Times. January 3, 1937. p. A11. Retrieved September 13, 2012. (subscription required)
  41. ^ "Hornsby Is Given Air By Barnes: Jim Bottomley Named Acting Manager of Brownies". San Jose News. Associated Press. July 21, 1937. p. 6. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  42. ^ "1937 American League Awards, All-Stars, & More Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  43. ^ "Jim Bottomley Given Release: Popular St. Louis Diamond Performer Loses Job as Browns' Pilot". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. November 20, 1937. p. 16. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  44. ^ "Gabby Street and Jim Bottomley Part Company". The Milwaukee Journal. November 28, 1937. p. 17. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
  45. ^ "Jim Bottomley Quits Syracuse Manager Post". Schenectady Gazette. United Press International. May 20, 1938. p. 30. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
  46. ^ "Jim Bottomley Resigns As Chiefs' Manager". Meriden Record. Associated Press. May 20, 1938. p. 4. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
  47. ^ ""Sunny Jim" Bottomley Signs Marriage Contract". The Palm Beach Post. Associated Press. February 5, 1933. p. 2. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  48. ^ "Jim Bottomley Gets Job on Radio". Los Angeles Times. April 29, 1939. p. 11. Retrieved September 9, 2012. (subscription required)
  49. ^ "Jim Bottomley Gets Job As Baseball Announcer". Meriden Record. Associated Press. April 29, 1939. p. 4. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  50. ^ "'Sunny Jim' Bottomley To Scout for Cardinals". Hartford Courant. April 21, 1955. p. 16A. Retrieved September 26, 2012. (subscription required)
  51. ^ "Bottomley Joins Chicubs As Scout". The Gadsden Times. Associated Press. January 27, 1957. p. 10. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  52. ^ "Jim Bottomley Dies: Heart Ailment Fatal to Former First Baseman". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. December 11, 1959. p. 14. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  53. ^ "Granderson joins elite homer-double-triple club, helping Tigers beat Seattle". USA Today. September 7, 2007. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  54. ^ "How Jim Bottomley smiled his way to the Hall of Fame". KSDK. August 17, 2009. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  55. ^ "Baseball Brouhaha Brewing". The Evening Independent. January 19, 1977. p. 1C. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
  56. ^ Sullivan, Tim (December 21, 2002). "Hall voter finds new parameters unhittable". The San Diego Union Tribune. p. D.1. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
  57. ^ Jaffe, Jay (July 28, 2010). "Prospectus Hit and Run: Don't Call it the Veterans' Committee". Baseball Prospectus. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
  58. ^ Booth, Clark (August 12, 2010). "The good news: Baseball Hall looking at electoral revamp". Dorchester Reporter. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  59. ^ Cardinals Press Release (January 18, 2014). "Cardinals establish Hall of Fame & detail induction process". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
  60. ^ Kane, Dave (October 8, 2009). "Town's baseball ties on display at museum". The Register-Mail. Galesburg, Illinois. Archived from the original on January 23, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2012.

Further reading

External links

Preceded by
Bob Fothergill
Hitting for the cycle
July 15, 1927
Succeeded by
Cy Williams
1922 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1922 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 41st season in St. Louis, Missouri and its 31st season in the National League. The Cardinals went 85–69 during the season and finished 3rd in the National League.

1926 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1926 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 45th season in St. Louis, Missouri and their 35th in the National League. The Cardinals went 89–65 during the season and finished first in the National League, winning their first National League pennant. In the World Series, they defeated the New York Yankees in 7 games, ending it by throwing out Babe Ruth at second base in the ninth-inning of Game 7 to preserve a 3–2 victory. This was Rogers Hornsby's only full season as manager for the team.

Catcher Bob O'Farrell won the MVP Award this year, batting .293, with 7 home runs and 68 RBIs. Led by RBI champion Jim Bottomley, the offense scored the most runs in the NL.

1927 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1927 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 46th season in St. Louis, Missouri, and its 36th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 92–61 during the season and finished second in the National League.

1928 Major League Baseball season

The 1928 Major League Baseball season.

1928 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1928 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 47th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 37th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 95–59 during the season and finished first in the National League. In the World Series, they were swept by the New York Yankees.

1928 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 1928 throughout the world.

1929 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1929 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 48th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 38th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 78–74 during the season and finished 4th in the National League.

1933 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1933 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished eighth and last in the National League with a record of 58–94, 33 games behind the New York Giants.

1937 St. Louis Browns season

The 1937 St. Louis Browns season involved the Browns finishing 8th in the American League with a record of 46 wins and 108 losses. Despite finishing last, the Browns as a team hit .285, which was higher than the American League average of .281. Pitching was the problem - the teams ERA was 6.00 compared to the American League average of 4.62.

1974 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1974 followed the system in place since 1971.

The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and

elected two, Whitey Ford and Mickey Mantle.

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider executives, managers, umpires, and earlier major league players.

It selected three people: Jim Bottomley, Jocko Conlan, and Sam Thompson.

The Negro Leagues Committee also met in person and selected Cool Papa Bell.

20–20–20 club

In Major League Baseball (MLB), the 20–20–20 club is the group of batters who have collected 20 doubles, 20 triples and 20 home runs in a single season. Frank Schulte was the first to achieve this, doing so in 1911. The last players to reach the milestone—Curtis Granderson and Jimmy Rollins—attained 20–20–20 during the 2007 season. This marked the first time that two players accomplished the achievement in the same season.

In total, only seven players are members of the 20–20–20 club. Of these, five were left-handed batters, one was right-handed and one was a switch hitter, meaning he could bat from either side of the plate. Two players—George Brett and Willie Mays—are also members of the 3,000 hit club, and Mays is also a member of the 500 home run club. Schulte, Rollins, and Jim Bottomley won the Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award in the same year as their 20–20–20 season. Both Mays and Rollins joined the club while also hitting 30 home runs and stealing 30 bases that same season to join the 30–30 club. Brett and Rollins collected more than 200 hits alongside achieving 20–20–20. Furthermore, four players amassed 20 or more stolen bases during their 20–20–20 season. These players are collectively referred to as the 20–20–20–20 club.Historically, there have been numerous players who have hit 20 doubles and 20 home runs in a year. It is the component of triples, however, that makes the 20–20–20 club so difficult to achieve. This is because hitting triples often comes under a similar hit placement as doubles, but may require impressive speed on the part of the runner. This would pose a challenge for both a slugger, who may be slower at running the bases and have the tendency to hit line drives and fly balls out of the park for a home run, as well as a speedster, who may be more swift around the bases but may not supply much power to drive the ball far.

Due to the rare occurrence and low membership of the 20–20–20 club, Baseball Digest called it "the most exclusive club in the Majors" in 1979, when there were only four members. Of the five members eligible for the Baseball Hall of Fame, three have been elected and two were elected on the first ballot.


Bottomley is an English surname. It comes from the place name formed by combining geographic terms "Bottom" and "Ley (landform)", and which refers to two small settlements each on opposite sides of a hill near Walsden and Halifax, West Yorkshire. It first appears in written records from 1277. Notable people with the surname include:

Arthur Bottomley (1907 –1995), British Labour politician

Christine Bottomley (born 1979), English actress

Gordon Bottomley (1874 – 1948), English poet

Horatio Bottomley, British fraudster

James Bottomley (diplomat) (1920–2013), British diplomat

James Thomson Bottomley (1845-1926) British physicist

Jim Bottomley, baseball player

John Bottomley, a Canadian singer-songwriter

Laura Bottomley, American engineer

Norman Bottomley, senior Royal Air Force commander

Peter Bottomley, a British Conservative politician

Virginia Bottomley (born 1948), British politician

William Lawrence Bottomley, American architect

Freddie Lindstrom

Frederick Charles Lindstrom (November 21, 1905 – October 4, 1981) was a National League baseball player with the New York Giants, Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago Cubs and Brooklyn Dodgers from 1924 until 1936. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1976.

At the age of 23, Lindstrom hit .358 for the Giants and was named The Sporting News Major League All Star team's third baseman ahead of Pittsburgh's Harold "Pie" Traynor. Two years later, he repeated the honor while scoring 127 runs and batting .379, second only to Rogers Hornsby among right-handed batters in National League history.In 1930, Giants manager John McGraw ranked Lindstrom ninth among the top 20 players of the previous quarter century. Babe Ruth picked him as his NL all-star third baseman over Traynor for the decade leading up to the first inter-league All Star game in 1933. Modern-day statistics guru Bill James, who rates Lindstrom No. 43 on his all-time third basemen list, placed him among the top three under-21 players at that position and called the 1927 Giant infield of Lindstrom, Hornsby, Travis Jackson and Bill Terry the decade's best.

From his rookie season in 1924 through 1930 as a Giants third baseman, a span of seven years during which he batted .328 and played brilliantly in the field, Lindstrom seemed headed for a place among the game's all-time greatest players. "Those hands of his (Lindstrom's) are the talk of the baseball world. Sensational playing places him among greatest in game," wrote sports writer Pat Robinson of the New York Daily News in the spring of 1929, after Lindstrom finished second the previous year to St. Louis Cardinal first baseman Jim Bottomley in the National League's Most Valuable Player balloting. "The best third sacker in the National League, one of the greatest third basemen the game has ever produced," gushed William Hennigan in the New York World. "Lindstrom hit peaks of third basing never before attained during the final month of last season," added Ken Smith in the New York Evening Graphic. "An outstanding individual of the game, another Hornsby, Wagner, Cobb, or Speaker, this kid, ace fielder, hitter, thinker and runner." Joe Foley, in This Sporting Life, echoed a common theme among baseball writers during that stretch of Lindstrom's career when he named his perfect team: "Sisler on first, Lajoie at second, Wagner at short, Lindstrom at third, Ruth, Speaker and Cobb in the outfield, Kling catching and Brown, Walsh, Bender and Mathewson taking turns pitching." In 1931, injuries including a chronic bad back and broken leg, brought about his switch to the outfield where for several years he remained an above-average but no longer All Star player until his retirement after 13 seasons in 1936.

Johnny Burnett (baseball)

John Henderson Burnett (November 1, 1904 – August 12, 1959) was an American professional baseball player who was a utility infielder in Major League Baseball for nine seasons during the 1920s and 1930s. Burnett played second base, third base, shortstop, and outfielder for the Cleveland Indians and St. Louis Browns.Born in Bartow, Florida, he made his major league debut for the Cleveland Indians at the age of 22 on May 7, 1927 against the Philadelphia Athletics after graduating from the University of Florida. Burnett wore uniform number 1 in all eight of his seasons with the Indians. In 1930, Burnett's first season as an everyday starter, he was batting above .300 into July when, on July 19, he broke his wrist and was sidelined for the season. Without Burnett, the Indians narrowly missed the playoffs after finishing eight games above .500. On July 10, 1932, still playing for the Indians, Burnett had a major league record nine hits in eleven at-bats in an eighteen inning game against the Philadelphia Athletics. Burnett's record for hits in a game still stands today. He was also the first man to hit more than 7 hits in extra innings. Since then, only Rocky Colavito in 1962, Cesar Gutierrez in 1970, Rennie Stennett in 1975, and Brandon Crawford in 2016 have collected 7 or more hits in 1 game.In late 1934, in the waning years of his career, after eight seasons with the Indians, Burnett was traded by the Indians to the St. Louis Browns for outfielder Bruce Campbell. Wearing number 4, Burnett played only one season for the Browns before being traded to the Cincinnati Reds near the start of the 1936 season for first baseman Jim Bottomley. Burnett never played a game for the Reds, and never played major league baseball again. His last game was on September 29, 1935. Burnett died in Tampa, Florida on August 12, 1959 at the age of 54 from acute leukemia.

Les Bell

Lester Rowland Bell (December 14, 1901 – December 26, 1985) was an American professional baseball player, a third baseman who appeared in 896 games played in the Major Leagues from 1923 to 1931 for the St. Louis Cardinals, Boston Braves and Chicago Cubs. A native of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, he threw and batted right-handed, stood 5 feet 11 inches (1.80 m) tall and weighed 165 pounds (75 kg).

Bell's professional career began in 1921 in minor league baseball. After trials with the Cardinals in both 1923 and 1924, he supplanted Howard Freigau and Specs Toporcer to become the Redbirds' regular third baseman in 1925 and finished third on the team in runs batted in with 88, behind only Baseball Hall of Famers Rogers Hornsby and Jim Bottomley.

Then in 1926 Bell reached career bests in hits (189), home runs (17), runs batted in (100) and batting average (.325). He finished in the top five in the National League in hits, slugging percentage (.518), OPS (.901), total bases (301), home runs, extra-base hits (64) and RBI. He also was among the NL leaders in strikeouts (62) and errors committed by a third baseman (22). Bell ranked sixth in the National League Most Valuable Player Award polling as the Cardinals won their first pennant and World Series championship. In the 1926 World Series against the New York Yankees, he played in all seven games and collected seven hits, including a two-run homer in Game 6 off Urban Shocker that salted away a 10–2 St. Louis triumph.

In 1927, however, Bell played in only 115 games and his production fell off considerably, and in March 1928 he was traded to the Braves for fellow third baseman Andy High. Bell was a regular for Boston in both 1928 and 1929, but the Braves placed him on waivers after the 1929 campaign and he was claimed by the Cubs. He played two more big-league seasons in back-up roles before he returned to the minor leagues, where he would spend eight seasons as manager of his hometown Harrisburg Senators of the Class B Interstate League.

During his nine-year Major League career, Les Bell collected 938 hits, with 184 doubles and 49 triples accompanying his 66 home runs.

List of Major League Baseball runs batted in records

Major League Baseball has numerous records related to runs batted in (RBI).

Players denoted in boldface are still actively contributing to the record noted.

(r) denotes a player's rookie season.

List of Major League Baseball single-game home run leaders

Writers of Sporting News described hitting four home runs in a single Major League Baseball (MLB) game as "baseball's greatest single-game accomplishment". Eighteen players have accomplished the feat to date, the most recent being J. D. Martinez with the Arizona Diamondbacks against the Los Angeles Dodgers on September 4, 2017. No player has done this more than once in his career and no player has ever hit more than four in a game. Bobby Lowe was the first to hit four home runs in a single game, doing so on May 30, 1894. Fans were reportedly so excited that they threw $160 in silver coins ($4,600 today) onto the field after his fourth home run.These games have resulted in other MLB single-game records due to the extreme offensive performance. Mark Whiten, for example, tied Jim Bottomley for the most runs batted in in a single game with 12 in his four-homer game. Shawn Green hit a double and a single along with his four home runs for 19 total bases, an MLB record. It surpassed Joe Adcock's mark of 18, which also came from a four-homer game.Chuck Klein, Pat Seerey, and Mike Schmidt each hit their four in a game that went into extra innings. Scooter Gennett and Mark Whiten hit a grand slam as one of their four homers. Four home runs generate significant offense that generally allows a team to win, although Ed Delahanty's and Bob Horner's teams lost their respective milestone games. In fact, in all but three of those games, two being the aforementioned players' games, the player's team scored ten or more runs.

Carlos Delgado is the only player to hit four home runs in a game in which he made only four plate appearances. No player has ever hit four home runs in a postseason game; that record is three, first accomplished by Babe Ruth in Game 4 of the 1926 World Series.Warren Spahn pitched the ball which Gil Hodges hit for the first of his four, the only Hall of Fame pitcher faced during a four-home-run game. Hodges, Adcock, and Martinez are the only players to hit home runs against four different pitchers in one game. Lowe and Delahanty, on the other hand, are the only players to hit four home runs in one game against just one pitcher: Ice Box Chamberlain and Adonis Terry, respectively.

Mike Cameron hit his four on May 2, 2002, and Green matched the total 21 days later on May 23, 2002, the shortest span between such games. Lowe and Seerey each hit fewer than 100 career home runs, while Willie Mays, with 660, hit more than any other player in this group. Both Mays and Schmidt are also members of the 500 home run club.

Of the 14 players eligible for the Hall of Fame who have hit four home runs in a game, five have been elected. Players are eligible for the Hall of Fame if they have played in at least 10 major league seasons and have been either retired for five seasons or deceased for at least six months. These requirements leave three players ineligible who are living and have played in the past five seasons and one (Seerey) who did not play 10 seasons in MLB.

Oglesby, Illinois

Oglesby is a city in LaSalle County, Illinois, United States. The population was 3,791 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Ottawa–Streator Micropolitan Statistical Area.

St. Louis Cardinals

The St. Louis Cardinals are an American professional baseball team based in St. Louis, Missouri. The Cardinals compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) Central division. Busch Stadium has been their home ballpark since 2006. One of the most successful franchises in baseball history, the Cardinals have won 11 World Series championships, the second-most in Major League Baseball (behind the New York Yankees) and the most in the National League. Their 19 National League pennants rank third in NL history. In addition, St. Louis has won 13 division titles in the East and Central divisions.

While still in the old American Association (AA), named then as the St. Louis Browns, the team won four AA league championships, qualifying them to play in the professional baseball championship tournament (a forerunner of the modern World Series, established 1903) of that era. They tied in 1885 and won outright in 1886 and lost in 1888 for the early trophy Hall Cup versus the New York Giants. The others both times against the Chicago Cubs (originally the Chicago White Stockings then), in the first meetings of the Cardinals–Cubs rivalry between nearby cities of St. Louis and Chicago that continues to this day.

With origins as one of the early professional baseball clubs in St. Louis and the nation, entrepreneur Chris von der Ahe purchased a barnstorming club in 1881, then known as the Brown Stockings, and established them as charter members of the old American Association (AA) base ball league which played 1882 to 1891, the following season. Upon the discontinuation of the AA, St. Louis joined the continuing National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs, later known simply as the National League, (organized in 1876), in 1892; at that time, they were called the Browns (not to be confused with a later team also known as the St. Louis Browns in the American League, 1902-1953) and also as the Perfectos before they were officially renamed eight years later as the Cardinals in 1900.

Cardinals achievements that have impacted MLB and sports events in general include manager/owner Branch Rickey's pioneering of the farm system, Rogers Hornsby's two batting Triple Crowns, Dizzy Dean's 30-win season in 1934, Stan Musial's 17 MLB and 29 NL records, Bob Gibson's 1.12 earned run average (ERA) in 1968, Whitey Herzog's Whiteyball, Mark McGwire breaking the single-season home run record in 1998, and the 2011 championship team's unprecedented comebacks. The Cardinals have won 105 or more games in four different seasons and won 100 or more a total of nine times. Cardinals players have won 20 league MVPs, four batting Triple Crowns, and three Cy Young Awards. Baseball Hall of Fame inductees include Lou Brock, Dizzy Dean, Bob Gibson, Whitey Herzog, Rogers Hornsby, Joe Medwick, Stan Musial, Branch Rickey, Red Schoendienst, Ozzie Smith, and Bruce Sutter.

In 2018, Forbes valued the Cardinals at $1.9 billion, making them the 7th-most valuable franchise in MLB; their revenue the previous year was $319 million, and their operating income was $40.0 million. Since their purchase in 1995, owner William DeWitt, Jr.'s investment group has seen enormous growth from the $147 million purchase price. John Mozeliak is the President of Baseball Operations, Mike Girsch is the general manager and Mike Shildt is the manager. The Cardinals are renowned for their strong fan support: despite being in one of the sport's mid-level markets, they routinely see attendances among the league's highest, and are consistently among the Top 3 in MLB in local television ratings.

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J. G. Taylor Spink Award
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Designated hitters
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Inducted as a Cardinal
Inductees who played
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