Jim Aparo

James N. Aparo (August 24, 1932 – July 19, 2005)[1] was an American comic book artist best known for his 1960s and 1970s DC Comics work, including on the characters Batman, Aquaman and the Spectre.

Jim Aparo
Jim Aparo
Jim Aparo by Michael Netzer
BornAugust 24, 1932
DiedJuly 19, 2005 (aged 72)
Southington, Connecticut, U.S.
Area(s)Penciller, Inker, Letterer
Notable works
Adventure Comics (Spectre)
The Brave and the Bold
Detective Comics
The Untold Legend of the Batman
AwardsShazam Award
Best Individual Short Story (Dramatic) (1972) Inkpot Award (lifetime achievement) (1993)

Early life

Aparo was raised in New Britain, Connecticut,[2] and was self-trained as an artist.[3]


Charlton Comics

He attempted to enter the comic book profession in his early 20s, approaching EC Comics, which declined to hire him. He then worked in the advertising industry in Connecticut, often drawing fashion illustrations for newspaper advertisements. He continued to pursue a career in comic books and comic strips while working in advertising.[4]

His first break in the comics field was with the comic strip Stern Wheeler, written by Ralph Kanna, which was published in 1963 in a Hartford, Connecticut newspaper for less than a year.[5] In 1966, editor Dick Giordano at Charlton Comics hired him as a comic book artist, where his first assignment was a humorous character called "Miss Bikini Luv" in "Go-Go Comics."

Over the next few years at Charlton, Aparo drew stories in many genres—Westerns, science fiction, romance, horror, mystery, and suspense. Most of his work was for standalone stories in anthology titles, but he also drew the historical-adventure feature "Thane of Bagarth" in the comic book Hercules; the superheroine feature "Nightshade" in Captain Atom; the science fiction/Western/comedy backup "Wander" in Cheyenne Kid; and the comic book adaptation of the comic strip The Phantom.[6]

Aparo was one of the few artists in mainstream comics at that time to serve as penciller, inker, and letterer for all of his work.

DC Comics

In the late 1960s, Dick Giordano left Charlton for an editorial position at DC Comics and offered Aparo a job drawing the Aquaman comic book. After an initial issue (#40) for which Aparo provided only pencil art, Aparo resumed producing pencils, inks, and letters for most issues of the series until its cancellation. Aparo continued for a time to provide art to Charlton for The Phantom, alternating between the two series month by month as both series were being released on a bimonthly basis at the time.

Eventually Aparo resigned his assignment on The Phantom and worked almost exclusively for the remainder of his career for DC Comics. Aparo's next series assignment at DC was Phantom Stranger. After Aquaman was cancelled, the bimonthly frequency of Phantom Stranger was insufficient to fill his typical production rate of one page per day, so DC assigned him several short jobs such as mystery stories for House of Mystery and House of Secrets.[7]

In 1971, Aparo was assigned a fill-in job as the artist for The Brave and the Bold #98 (Oct.-Nov. 1971). This series routinely featured team-ups of DC's Batman with other characters, in this case, the Phantom Stranger. As the regular artist on the Phantom Stranger's own series, Aparo was considered an appropriate choice. Murray Boltinoff, the editor of The Brave and the Bold, soon assigned Aparo the regular artistic responsibilities for the series (beginning with #100), which he continued until its cancellation with issue #200, missing only a few issues. Aparo even "co-starred" as himself in The Brave and the Bold #124 (January 1976).[8]

During the more than 10 years as the artist for The Brave and the Bold, its bimonthly frequency permitted Aparo to do many other significant works for DC (it became monthly in Nov. 1978). In addition to numerous covers, he served as the regular artist for a notorious series starring a ruthless avenging ghost called the Spectre, which ran in Adventure Comics,[9] and which in 2005 was collected in a trade paperback edition (ISBN 978-1-4012-0474-7). He also provided art for a revival of Aquaman in both Adventure Comics and a continuation of the previously-cancelled Aquaman. He was assigned the solo Batman series in Detective Comics as of issue #437 (Oct.-Nov. 1973)[10] for a rather short time and drew occasional stories for anthology series.[7] Aparo and writer Len Wein introduce Sterling Silversmith in Detective Comics #446 (April 1975).[11] He drew The Untold Legend of the Batman, the first Batman miniseries in 1980, inking John Byrne's pencils in the first issue and providing full art for the second and third issues.[12] Aparo was one of the artists on the double-sized Justice League of America #200 (March 1982).[13]

When The Brave and the Bold was cancelled in 1983, it was replaced with a series called Batman and the Outsiders,[14] a superhero team led by Batman. This series, which Aparo co-created with writer Mike W. Barr, would be described by DC Comics writer and executive Paul Levitz as being "a team series more fashionable to 1980s audiences."[15] The Masters of Disaster were among the supervillains created by Barr and Aparo for the series.[16] It would run for several years, continuing with a Baxter paper spinoff titled The Outsiders[17] that did not include Batman and introduced Looker.[18] For the final few issues, DC began to request that Aparo provide only pencils, and a long and nearly unbroken string of Aparo inking and lettering his own work came mostly to an end.

Death of Jason Todd
The scene from Batman #428 (1988), in which Batman discovers Jason Todd dead

Aparo's next major work consisted of pencils for Batman and Detective Comics, where his art was almost always inked by Mike DeCarlo. Aparo returned to the Batman title with issue #414 (Dec. 1987) in collaboration with writer Jim Starlin. One of their first storylines for the title was "Ten Nights of The Beast"[19] in issues #417 - 420 (March - June 1988) which introduced the KGBeast. Perhaps the most notable product of this period remains "A Death in the Family"[20] (Batman #426-429, 1988–89), depicting the death of Jason Todd (Robin). The "A Lonely Place of Dying" storyline crossed over with The New Titans title and introduced Tim Drake as the new Robin.[21] Aparo continued to draw Batman stories in Detective and Batman until the early 1990s. During this time he was the regular artist on Batman when Bane broke Bruce Wayne's back during the "KnightFall" storyline.[22] In 1992, Aparo returned to do pencils, inks, and lettering for his Batman stories, but was soon returned to contributing only pencil art.

Also that year, Aparo was given his last regular series assignment for DC as pencil artist for Green Arrow issues 81-100. He and writer Kelley Puckett co-created Connor Hawke, the son of Green Arrow.[23] Following that assignment, Aparo's work appeared infrequently, when Aparo was mostly assigned occasional Batman-related stories and covers in miniseries and specials. His published work in the late 1990s and early 2000s include a Batman Annual inked by former Marvel Comics mainstay Sal Buscema, a G.C.P.D. miniseries, a Speed Force Special featuring The Flash, an issue of a Deadman miniseries that revisited his "Death in the Family" story, and a single page of Green Lantern/Superman: Legend of the Green Flame written by Neil Gaiman in which he had a final opportunity to draw the Phantom Stranger for publication.[7]

His final work for DC during his life was the cover of the trade paperback Batman in the Eighties, published in 2004. In 2006, previously-unpublished Aparo art depicting the unused, alternate ending of the storyline "A Death in the Family," in which the Jason Todd Robin lives instead of dies, appeared in Batman Annual #25.[24]


Aparo died on July 19, 2005, at his home in Southington, Connecticut.[2] At least one report attributed the cause of death to "a long battle with cancer",[25] but his family's formal announcement said his death came from "complications relating to a recent illness".[26] DC Comics ran an Aparo "In Memoriam" page in Batman #644 (Oct. 2005) and Detective Comics #811 (Nov. 2005).


Aparo won the Shazam Award for "Best Individual Short Story (Dramatic)" in 1972 for "The Demon Within" in House of Mystery #201 with John Albano.[27] He received an Inkpot Award in 1993.[28]


Comics work (interior pencil art) includes:

Charlton Comics

  • Captain Atom (Nightshade) #87–89 (Aug. 1967–Dec. 1967)
  • Career Girl Romances #40 (June 1967)
  • Charlton Premiere #4 (May 1968)
  • Cheyenne Kid #66-71 (May 1968–March 1969)
  • Ghost Manor #77 (Nov. 1984)
  • Ghostly Tales #65-68, 71-72, 74-76, 79, 81, 137, 141-142, 146, 149, 153, 164 (Feb. 1968–Dec. 1983)
  • Go-Go #5-9 (Feb. 1967–Oct. 1967)
  • Gunfighter #52, 83 (Oct. 1967 and March 1984)
  • Hercules: Adventures of the Man-God #1–10 (1968–69)
  • I Love You #67 (April 1967)
  • Love Diary #62, 66 (Oct. 1969 and May 1970)
  • The Many Ghosts of Doctor Graves #4–5, 7–8, 17, 66, 69 (1967–81)
  • Peter Cannon, Thunderbolt #60 (1967)
  • The Phantom #31–34, 36–38 (1969–70)
  • Romantic Story #94 (July 1968)
  • Scary Tales #22 (Oct, 1980)
  • Secret Agent #10 (Oct. 1967)
  • Space Adventures #2, 4 (July and Nov. 1968)
  • Space Adventures Presents U.F.O. #60 (Oct. 1967)
  • Strange Suspense Stories vol. 2 #1–2, 4 (Oct. 1967–Nov. 1968)

DC Comics

  1. ^ The Wrath of the Spectre was a four-issue mini-series published in 1988. Issues #1-3 reprint the character run on Adventure Comics #431-440 (all drawn by Aparo), while issue #4 prints stories written in 1975 and newly illustrated for this series by Aparo again.


  • Legends of the Dark Knight: Jim Aparo
    • Vol. 1 collects The Brave and the Bold #98, 100-102, 104-122. 512 pages, April 2012, ISBN 978-1401233754
    • Vol. 2 collects The Brave and the Bold #123-145 and 147-151. Detective Comics 437-438. 528 pages, October 2013, ISBN 978-1401242961
    • Vol. 3 collects The Brave and the Bold #152,154-155,157-162,168-179,173-178,180-182. Detective Comics #444-446, 448, 468-470. Batman Family #17, and various covers from those titles. 520 pages, August 2017 ISBN 978-1401271619
  • Batman: the Brave and the Bold -- the Bronze Age Omnibus
    • Vol. 1 collects The Brave and the Bold #74-106 904 pages, January 2017, ISBN 978-1401267186
    • Vol. 2 collects The Brave and the Bold #110-156. 776 pages, September 2018, ISBN 978-1401281670
    • Vol. 3 collects The Brave and the Bold #157-200. 904 pages, August 2019, ISBN 978-1401292829
  • Batman and the Outsiders
    • Vol. 1 collects The Brave and the Bold #200, Batman and the Outsiders #1-13, New Teen Titans #37. 368 pages, February 2017, ISBN 978-1401268121
    • Vol. 2 collects Batman and the Outsiders Annual #1, Batman and the Outsiders #14-23. 312 pages, February 2018, ISBN 978-1401277536
  • Jim Aparo's Complete The Phantom
    • Collects The Phantom #31-34, #36-38. Also, essays on Jim Aparo with original art. 192 pages, January 2017, ISBN 978-1613451106
  • Aquaman: a Celebration of 75 Years
    • collects Adventure Comics #120, #174, #220, #260, #266, #269, #444, #452, and #475. Aquaman vol.1 #1, 18,40. Aquaman vol.2 #3. Aquaman vol.3 #2, 34. Aquaman vol.4 #4, 17. Aquaman vol.5 #1, 43. 400 pages, October 2016, ISBN 978-1401264468
  • Aquaman: Death of A Prince
    • collects Adventure Comics #435-437, #441-455. Aquaman #57-63. 336 pages, July 2011, ISBN 978-1401231132
  • Aquaman: The Search for Mera
    • collects Aquaman #40-48. 216 pages, November 2018, ISBN 978-1401285227
  • Wrath of the Spectre
    • collects Adventure Comics #431-440. Wrath of the Spectre #1-4. 200 pages, June 2005, ISBN 978-1401204747
  • Deadman Book Four
    • collects DC Special Series #8. Adventure Comics #459-466. DC Comics Presents #24. 168 pages, January 2014, ISBN 978-1401243241
  • DC Universe by Len Wein
    • collects Phantom Stranger 20-24 (Aparo), Action Comics, DC Comics Presents & more. 384 pages, Feb 2019 ISBN 978-1401287870


  • The Brave And Bold Art Of Jim Aparo, TwoMorrows Publishing, ISBN 978-1893905498


  1. ^ "James N. Aparo". United States Social Security Death Index. Archived from the original on June 2, 2015. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "James Aparo, 72, Comic Book Artist, Is Dead". The New York Times. Associated Press. July 22, 2005. Archived from the original on June 2, 2015.
  3. ^ Goldstein, Hilary (July 19, 2005). "Losing Batman's Greatest Ally: Jim Aparo passed away Tuesday, but will never be forgotten". IGN. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013.
  4. ^ Amash, Jim (August 2000). "The Aparo Approach: Jim Aparo on his comics debut at Charlton Press". Comic Book Artist. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (9). Archived from the original on July 31, 2013. The whole EC Comics line. I banged on their door and I couldn't enter. I got in there and got as far as Al Feldstein but they weren't hiring; they weren't hiring me anyway.
  5. ^ Markstein, Don (2010). "Stern Wheeler". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on March 3, 2015. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  6. ^ "Jim Aparo". Lambiek Comiclopedia. February 5, 2010. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012.
  7. ^ a b c Jim Aparo at the Grand Comics Database
  8. ^ The Brave and the Bold #124 at the Grand Comics Database
  9. ^ McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. The Spectre re-materialized in the pages of Adventure Comics. This time, however, he brought along an all-out wrathful disposition, delivering punishments that not only fit the crimes, but arguably exceeded them." "[Michael] Fleisher and [Jim] Aparo's run lasted only ten issues, yet it was widely regarded as some of their finest work, and the character's seminal period.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Dougall, Alastair, ed. (2014). "1970s". Batman: A Visual History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 115. ISBN 978-1465424563. New DC editor Archie Goodwin scripted the lead feature with artist Jim Aparo.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  11. ^ Manning "1970s" in Dougall, p. 118
  12. ^ Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 187 "Written by Len Wein, with art by John Byrne and Jim Aparo, The Untold Legend of the Batman...delved into the origin of the fabled Dark Knight."
  13. ^ Sanderson, Peter (September–October 1981). "Justice League #200 All-Star Affair". Comics Feature. New Media Publishing (12/13): 17.
  14. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 202 "Despite being the final issue of this particular series, the book wasn't closed on Batman's team-ups. Although Batman was through working with partners, it was time to think bigger, and in a special sixteen-page preview insert written by Barr and with art by Jim Aparo, the Outsiders debuted. A super-hero team of Batman's own creation, the Outsiders would soon star alongside Batman in the new monthly series Batman and the Outsiders."
  15. ^ Levitz, Paul (2010). "The Bronze Age 1970-1984". 75 Years of DC Comics The Art of Modern Mythmaking. Cologne, Germany: Taschen. p. 462. ISBN 978-3-8365-1981-6.
  16. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dougall, p. 149: Batman and the Outsiders #9 (April 1984) "The Masters of Disaster sealed their reputation as the Outsiders' greatest foes in this two-part tale by Mike W. Barr and Jim Aparo."
  17. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 215: "[The Outsiders] saw the popular team given the enhanced quality of a Baxter-format series...written by Mike W. Barr and drawn by Jim Aparo."
  18. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dougall, p. 155: The Outsiders #1 (Nov. 1985) "Written by Mike W. Barr and drawn by Jim Aparo, this issue debuted Looker in full costume."
  19. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 233: "Using the Cold War as their backdrop, writer Jim Starlin and artist Jim Aparo crafted the four-part storyline 'Ten Nights of the Beast'."
  20. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 235: "Written by Jim Starlin, with art by Jim Aparo and haunting covers by Mike Mignola, 'A Death in the Family' proved a best seller with readers in both single-issue and trade paperback form."
  21. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 241: "With the pencils of [George] Pérez, Jim Aparo, and Tom Grummett, [Marv] Wolfman concocted the five-issue 'A Lonely Place of Dying'...In it, Tim Drake...earned his place as the new Robin."
  22. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 259: "'Knightfall' was a nineteen-part crossover event that passed through the pages of Batman by writer Doug Moench and artists Norm Breyfogle, Jim Aparo, and Mike Manley."
  23. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 267: "Future Green Arrow Connor Hawke debuted in the zero issue of Green Arrow, courtesy of scripter Kelley Puckett and penciller Jim Aparo."
  24. ^ Manning "2000s" in Dougall, p. 287: "This issue also included an unpublished page from 'A Death in the Family' by writer Jim Starlin and penciller Jim Aparo that had been set to print in case readers voted for Jason's survival."
  25. ^ Goldstein, Hilary (July 19, 2005). "Losing Batman's Greatest Ally". IGN. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013.
  26. ^ Beck, Spencer (July 19, 2005). "Jim Aparo R.I.P". ComicBookBin.com. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012.
  27. ^ "1972 Academy of Comic Book Arts Awards". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012.
  28. ^ "Inkpot Award Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012.

External links

Preceded by
Nick Cardy
Aquaman artist
1968–1971 and 1977
Succeeded by
Don Newton
Preceded by
Bob Brown and Nick Cardy
The Brave and the Bold artist
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Kieron Dwyer
Batman artist
Succeeded by
Kieron Dwyer
Preceded by
Tom Mandrake
Batman artist
Succeeded by
Mike Manley
Bad Samaritan

The Bad Samaritan is a fictional character published by DC Comics. His first appearance was in The Outsiders vol. 1 #3, (January 1986), and he was created by Mike W. Barr and Jim Aparo.

Baron Bedlam

Baron Bedlam is a fictional character, a supervillain in the DC Universe. The character first appeared in Batman and the Outsiders #1 (August 1983).

Celsius (comics)

Celsius is the superhero alias of Arani Desai, a fictional character in the DC Comics series, Doom Patrol. She first appeared in Showcase #94 (September 1977), and was created by Paul Kupperberg and Joe Staton. She is among the very few superheroes of South Asian heritage, and may be the first ever such hero created by DC Comics.

Duke of Oil

The Duke of Oil (Earl J. Dukeston) is a fictional cyborg supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. He first appeared in Outsiders (1st series) #6 (April 1986), and was created by Mike W. Barr and Jim Aparo.


The Electrocutioner is a supervillain alias used by three fictional characters in the DC Comics Universe.

Force of July

The Force of July is a fictional DC Comics antagonist superhero team introduced in 1984's Batman and the Outsiders Annual #1. They were created by Mike Barr and Jim Aparo.


Geo-Force (Brion Markov) is a fictional superhero character appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. Markov is Prince of Markovia and the half-brother of Terra. One of the founding members of the superhero group the Outsiders, he first appeared in a special insert in The Brave and the Bold #200 (July 1983). The character was created by Mike W. Barr and Jim Aparo.

Green Arrow (Connor Hawke)

Connor Hawke is a fictional DC Comics superhero who operated as the second Green Arrow, created by Kelley Puckett and Jim Aparo. Connor is the son of Oliver Queen, the original Green Arrow, and his former girlfriend Sandra "Moonday" Hawke. Connor Hawke first appeared in Green Arrow (volume 2) #0 (1994).Following the "Flashpoint" storyline and 2011's New 52 reboot, Connor has yet to be reintroduced into DC's primary storytelling continuity. An alternative universe version of Connor does however appear in the series Earth 2, as a World Army member named Red Arrow who assists the Wonders in the war with Darkseid.

Outside of comics, multiple versions of Connor appear in The CW's Arrowverse, where he has been both a biological and an adopted son of John Diggle, rather than Oliver's. Another loose adaptation of the story where Oliver discovers he has an illegitimate son named William Clayton also plays out on Arrow

Halo (comics)

For the Halo series comics by Marvel Comics, see Halo Graphic Novel and Halo: Uprising. For the Halo video game series by Microsoft, see Halo (franchise) and Halo: Combat Evolved.Halo is a fictional superheroine that appears in comic books published by DC Comics. She first appeared in a special insert in The Brave and the Bold #200 (July 1983), and was created by Mike W. Barr and Jim Aparo.

Helga Jace

Dr. Helga Jace is a fictional character in the DC Comics Universe. She is a supporting character of the Outsiders and was the scientist responsible for bestowing super powers upon Terra and Geo-Force.


KGBeast (Anatoli Knyazev) is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. Created by Jim Starlin and Jim Aparo, the character first appeared as an adversary of Batman.

KGBeast has appeared in numerous cartoon television shows and films. Anatoli appeared in his first live adaptation as a recurring cast member on The CW television series Arrow played by David Nykl. This version is leader of the Bratva. Anatoli also appeared as a henchman for Lex Luthor in the film Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice played by Callan Mulvey.

Looker (comics)

Looker (Emily "Lia" Briggs) is a fictional character, a superhero in the DC Universe of comic books. The character's first appearance was in Batman & the Outsiders #25.

Looker made her first live appearance in the second season of Black Lightning played by actress Sofia Vassilieva.

Major Victory (DC Comics)

The Major Victory name has been used by three fictional characters in the DC Comics universe. The name was first used by a character in Batman and The Outsiders Annual #1 (1984). He was affiliated with groups like Force of July, and Suicide Squad.

The next character to use the Major Victory name first appeared in Adventures of Superman #612 (March 2003). He appeared as a background character in a few Superman stories of the time. To date, the other identity of this character has not been revealed.

The current Major Victory active in the DC Universe, first appears in the miniseries Infinite Crisis Aftermath: The Battle for Blüdhaven (2006), also as a government operative. This Major Victory may or may not be identical with the second Major Victory from the Superman stories.

Masters of Disaster (comics)

The Masters of Disaster is a fictional supervillain team appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. The Masters of Disaster are a group of mercenaries who prefer to work for a prearranged price rather than under their own initiative, united due to the relations of their meta-human abilities by their leader New-Wave. Each member of the group controls one superhuman ability related in some way to a natural destructive force: Earth, wind, fire, and water.


The NKVDemon is the name of three fictional characters appearing in DC Comics publications as opponents of Batman and Aquaman. The character's name comes from the former secret Soviet Police called the NKVD.

Prankster (Charlton Comics)

The Prankster was a short-lived comic book super hero who appeared in a series published by Charlton Comics. His only appearance was in Peter Cannon, Thunderbolt #60 in Nov./Dec. 1967 (the title's final issue). He was created by writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Jim Aparo, and is considered O'Neil's first creation.The Prankster is a freedom fighter in a repressive dystopia called Ultrapolis. Here love, laughter, music, art, and every other expression of human dignity can be a crime punishable by death. So the Prankster fights back with bizarre weapons such as laughing gas, a jet-powered hot-air balloon, and a magic flute.

A second story was promised, but never appeared. It is not clear that the Prankster was one of the Charlton "Action Heroes" picked up by DC Comics, although he appeared in the 1986 DC Challenge.

Sparkler (comics)

Sparkler is a fictional character in the DC Universe. He debuted in Batman and the Outsiders Annual #1 (1984).

Strange Suspense Stories

Strange Suspense Stories was a comic book published in two volumes by Fawcett Comics and Charlton Comics in the 1950s and 1960s. Starting out as a horror/suspense title, the first volume gradually moved toward eerie fantasy and weird science fiction, before ending as a vehicle for the superhero Captain Atom. The title's second volume was more in the horror/suspense vein. Altogether, 72 issues of Strange Suspense Stories were published.

Notable contributors included Steve Ditko, Vince Alascia, Jim Aparo, Pat Boyette, George Evans, Joe Gill, Frank McLaughlin, Bill Molno, Rocke Mastroserio, Sheldon Moldoff, Charles Nicholas, Denny O'Neil, Joe Shuster, and Steve Skeates.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.