Jiangyin

Jiangyin (simplified Chinese: 江阴; traditional Chinese: 江陰; pinyin: Jiāngyīn; Wade–Giles: Chiangyin, Jiangyin dialect: [kɐ̞ŋ.jɪŋ]) is a county-level city on the southern bank of the Yangtze River, and is administered by Wuxi, Jiangsu province. Jiangyin is one of the most important transport hubs on the Yangtze River, it is also one of the most developed counties in China.

Jiangyin

江阴市

Kiangyin
望江楼眺望江阴市区 2017冬
Jiangyin is located in Jiangsu
Jiangyin
Jiangyin
Location within Jiangsu
Coordinates: 31°50′20″N 120°17′42″E / 31.839°N 120.295°ECoordinates: 31°50′20″N 120°17′42″E / 31.839°N 120.295°E
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJiangsu
Prefecture-level cityWuxi
Government
 • Party SecretaryChen Jinhu (陈金虎)
 • MayorCai Yeming (蔡叶明)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • County-level city1,595,138
 • Urban
1,595,138
 • Metro
3,526,260
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Postal code
214400
Area code(s)0510
License plates prefix苏B
Websitewww.jiangyin.gov.cn

Etymology

Jiangyin's name means "River Shade", from its location on the south or shady side of the Yangtze River.

History

City of jiangyin in 1840
The walled city of Jiangyin in 1840

Jiangyin was a township of Yanling (延陵; later known as Piling, 毗陵) county initially. Since the township was located in the north of Ji Lake, it was given the name "Jiyang" (暨陽). In 281, it was promoted as a county of Piling commandery. In 558, the north-west part was taken away from then Lanling county (Wujin and its around areas) to create Jiangyin county. It was served as the seat of Jiangyin commandery, of which jurisdiction equating to the modern city's, until the commandery was dissolved in 589. It was elevated to jun (military prefecture) status during Southern Tang, until being restored as a county of Changzhou in 1071. It developed as an important port for overseas trades, and a Maritime Trade Supervisorate (市舶提擧司) was established to manage in 1145. The county became a zhou (smaller prefecture) during Yuan dynasty, but was reduced to county status again in 1367.[1]

In 1472, the sandbank in the Yangtze River was independent from the county to establish Jingjiang county.[2] In 1645, the draconian enforcement of the decree adopting the Manchu hair style and dress inflamed the local Han Chinese people's spirit to resist. Since the ultimatum "either lose your hair or lose your head" was given, they held the walled city against Qing sieges under a magistrate Yan Yingyuan (閻應元) 's leadership. The resistance lasted 81 days. After the city was captured, the Qing army massacred the citizens to vent their anger: there were about 67,000 deaths in the city, and also about 75,000 deaths outside the city.[3]

On 23 April 1987, Jiangyin was approved by the State Council of China to become a county-level city.[4]

Transport

Rail

Jiangyin Train Ferry Line is the only one remains across the Yangtze River, it is a part of the Xinyi–Changxing Railway.[5]

A new high-speed railway line has been proposed[6] that would link Jiangyin directly to both Shanghai and Nanjing.

Notable people

  • Xu Xiake (1587–1641) - noted traveller and geographer
  • Liu Bannong (1891–1934) - writer
  • Liu Tianhua (1895–1932) - musician and composer
  • Miao Quansun (缪荃孙) (1844–1919) - Academic, catalog writer, bibliophile, founder of modern Chinese librarianship
  • Shangguan Yunzhu - movie star
  • Yu Minhong - Chairman and President of New Oriental Education & Technology Group

See also

Notes

  1. ^ 中国历史大辞典·历史地理卷 [The Great Encyclopaedia of Chinese History, Volume on Historical Geography] (in Chinese). Shanghai Cishu Press. 1996. pp. 350–1. ISBN 7-5326-0299-0.
  2. ^ Cheng (1992), p. 14.
  3. ^ Cheng (1992), p. 15.
  4. ^ Cheng (1992), p. 1383.
  5. ^ "新长车务段多管齐下确保轮渡运输安全". www.peoplerail.com. Retrieved 2017-06-18.
  6. ^ "New high-speed line to join Shanghai, Nanjing". www.chinadaily.com.cn. 2017-06-17. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  7. ^ Cheng (1992), p. 135.
  8. ^ "气候概况".

References

  • Cheng, Yizheng (1992). Jiangyin Municipal Chorography. Shanghai People's Publishing House. ISBN 7-208-01458-2.

External links

2018 AFC U-23 Championship

The 2018 AFC U-23 Championship (also known as the 2018 AFC U-23 Asian Cup) was the third edition of the AFC U-23 Championship, the biennial international age-restricted football championship organised by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) for the men's under-23 national teams of Asia. A total of 16 teams competed in the tournament. It took place between 9–27 January 2018, and was hosted by China.Uzbekistan defeated Vietnam in the final to win their first title. Japan were the defending champions, but failed to defend the title after losing to Uzbekistan in the quarter-finals.

China national under-17 football team

The China national under-17 football team, also known as the China Junior Team (国少队), represents the People's Republic of China in international football competitions in the FIFA U-17 World Cup and the AFC U-16 Championship, as well as any other under-17 international football tournaments. It is governed by the Football Association of the People's Republic of China.

G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway

The Beijing–Shanghai Expressway or Jinghu Expressway is a major expressway of China, linking the capital Beijing in the north to Shanghai on the central coast. It extends 1212 kilometres in length, and was finished in 2006.

The expressway's name, Jinghu, is a combination of the two cities' one-character Chinese abbreviations: Jing stands for Beijing, while Hu stands for Shanghai. The trip from Beijing to Shanghai by automobile takes about ten hours to complete with multiple drivers taking shifts and under good road conditions.

Japan national under-17 football team

The Japan national under-17 football team is a national association football youth team of Japan and is controlled by the Japan Football Association. The team were champions in the 1994 and 2006 AFC U-17 Championships, as well as the 2012 AFF U-16 Youth Championship.

Jiangyin Stadium

Jiangyin Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Jiangyin, China. It is currently used mostly for football matches. The stadium holds 30,161 spectators. It opened in 2010.

Jiangyin Yangtze River Bridge

The Jiangyin Yangtze River Bridge (Chinese: 江陰長江大橋) is a suspension bridge over the Yangtze River in Jiangsu, China. The bridge has a main span of 1,385 metres (4,544 ft) connects Jiangyin south of the river to Jingjiang to the north. When the bridge was completed in 1999, it was the fourth longest suspension bridge span in the world and the longest in China. Several longer bridges have since been completed in China and abroad but it still ranks among the ten longest bridge spans in the world. The bridge was also the furthest downstream on the Yangtze until the completion of the Sutong Yangtze River Bridge in 2008 and the Chongming–Qidong Yangtze River Bridge in 2011.

Jiangyin dialect

Jiangyin dialect (江阴话) is a Northern Wu Chinese dialect spoken in the city of Jiangyin in Jiangsu province. Jiangyin dialect is a member of the Wu Chinese Taihu Wu family of dialects, which means the inhabitants speak a dialect similar to that of nearby Wuxi, Changzhou, Suzhou, and Shanghai. Jiangyin dialect itself is of the Piling variety, related to the Changzhou dialect. Jiangyin dialect has the highest degree of mutual intelligibility with the dialects of the closest neighboring cities of Changzhou and Wuxi but also has a fairly large degree of mutual intelligibility with the dialects of nearby Suzhou and Shanghai. As one travels south towards Wuxi away from the urban center of Jiangyin, Jiangyin dialect gradually becomes more and more closer sounding to the Wuxi dialect.

A book called A collection of Jiangyin dialect has been published.

Jingjiang

Jingjiang (Chinese: 靖江; pinyin: Jìngjiāng) is a county-level city under the administration of Taizhou, Jiangsu province, China. It is located on the northern (left) bank of the Yangtze River, and is the southernmost part of Taizhou City, bordering Nantong to the northeast, Suzhou to the southeast, Wuxi to the south, Changzhou to the southwest, and Zhenjiang to the west. The area of Jingjiang is 655.6 square kilometres and the population was 684,360 at the 2010 census.

List of administrative divisions of Jiangsu

Jiangsu, a province of the People's Republic of China, is made up of three levels of administrative division: prefectural, count, and township.

Longxi International Hotel

The Longxi International Hotel or Hanging Village of Huaxi (Chinese: 空中华西村; Chinese: 空中華西村) is a late-modernist-futurism supertall skyscraper in Jiangyin, Wuxi, Jiangsu, China. The mixed-use tower began construction in 2008 and completed in 2011. The building rises 328 m (1,076 ft) with 74 stories. The skyscraper includes a glass sphere at the very top. The opening of the Longxi International Hotel was on 12 October 2011.

Lu Chunlong

Lu Chunlong (simplified Chinese: 陆春龙; traditional Chinese: 陸春龍; pinyin: Lù Chūnlóng; born April 8, 1989 in Jiangyin, Jiangsu) is a male Chinese trampoline gymnast who competed in the 2008 Summer Olympics where he won the gold medal. Four years later, at the 2012 London Olympics, Lu won the bronze medal while Dong Dong, the bronze medalist from Beijing, won the competition.

Min Chinese

Min or Miin (simplified Chinese: 闽语; traditional Chinese: 閩語; pinyin: Mǐn yǔ; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Bân gú; BUC: Mìng ngṳ̄) is a broad group of Chinese varieties spoken by about 30 million people in Fujian province as well as by 45 million descendants of migrants from this province in Guangdong (around Chaozhou-Shantou, or Chaoshan area, Leizhou peninsula and Part of Zhongshan), Hainan, three counties in southern Zhejiang, Zhoushan archipelago off Ningbo, some towns in Liyang, Jiangyin City in Jiangsu province, and Taiwan. The name is derived from the Min River in Fujian, which is also the abbreviated name of Fujian Province. Min varieties are not mutually intelligible with each other or with any other varieties of Chinese.

There are many Min speakers among overseas Chinese in Southeast Asia. The most widely spoken variety of Min outside Fujian is Southern Min (Min Nan), also known as Hokkien-Taiwanese (which includes Taiwanese and Amoy).

Many Min languages have retained notable features of the Old Chinese language, and there is linguistic evidence that not all Min varieties are directly descended from Middle Chinese of the Sui–Tang dynasties. Min languages are believed to have a significant linguistic substrate from the languages of the inhabitants of the region prior to its sinicization.

North Korea national under-23 football team

The North Korea national Under-23 football team represents North Korea at the Asian Games and other under-23 competitions.

They are controlled by the DPR Korea Football Association.

Port of Jiangyin

The Port of Jiangyin (Chinese: 江阴港) is a natural inland port located at Jiangyin, Wuxi Prefecture, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China. It extends over 35 km of the southern shore of the Yangtze river. The port had a container throughput of 1,001,000 TEU in 2013

Shangguan Yunzhu

Shangguan Yunzhu (Chinese: 上官雲珠; Wade–Giles: Shang-kuan Yün-chu; 2 March 1920 – 23 November 1968) was a Chinese actress active from the 1940s to the 1960s. She was considered one of the most talented and versatile actresses in China, and was named one of the 100 best actors of the 100 years of Chinese cinema in 2005.Born Wei Junluo, she fled to Shanghai when her hometown Jiangyin was attacked by the Japanese during the Second Sino-Japanese War. In Shanghai she became a drama and film actress, and her career took off after the end of the war. She starred in several prominent leftist films such as Spring River Flows East, Crows and Sparrows, and Women Side by Side. After the Communist victory in mainland China in 1949, her career was set back when her husband was embroiled in the anti-capitalist Five-anti Campaign, but she later portrayed a wide variety of characters in many films.

Shangguan was married three times and had three children, but all her marriages ended in divorce. She was said to have had an affair with Mao Zedong, for which she was severely persecuted by the followers of Mao's wife Jiang Qing during the Cultural Revolution, leading to her suicide in November 1968.

Xinyi–Changxing railway

The Xinyi–Changxing railway or Xinchang railway (simplified Chinese: 新沂长兴铁路; traditional Chinese: 新沂長興鐵路; pinyin: Xīnyí Chángxīng tiělù), also known as the Xinchang line (simplified Chinese: 新长线; traditional Chinese: 新長線; pinyin: Xīncháng xiàn), is a single-track railroad in eastern China between the cities of Xinyi, Jiangsu Province and Changxing County in Zhejiang Province. It runs north-south through the entire length of Jiangsu Province and the northern tip of Zhejiang. Major cities along route include Huaian, Yancheng, Haian, Jingjiang, Jiangyin and Yixing. Including a 62.5 km spur from Haian to Nantong, the Xinchang railway is 638 km in total length.

Yangtze River power line crossings

The Yangtze River power line crossings are overhead power lines that cross the Yangtze River in China. There are at least three power line crossings on the Yangtze River at Jiangyin, Nanjing, and Wuhu. The towers of the crossing in Jiangyin are among the highest in the world.

Zhangjiagang

Zhangjiagang (simplified Chinese: 张家港; traditional Chinese: 張家港; pinyin: Zhāngjiāgǎng; literally: 'Zhang family port'), formerly Shazhou County (Chinese: 沙洲县), is a county-level city under the administration of Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China and one of the many ports along the Yangtze river.With 1,246,762 inhabitants at the 2010 census, the city is now part of Jiangyin-Zhangjiagang-Jingjiang metropolitan area with 3,526,260 inhabitants. Continued growth will encompass the Yangtze River Delta metropolitan region. It borders the prefecture-level cities of Taizhou and Nantong across the Yangtze River, as well as Wuxi to the west.

Zhu Muzhi

Zhu Muzhi (25 December 1916 − 23 October 2015) was a politician of the People's Republic of China. Zhu was a member of the 10th, 11th and 12th CPC Central Committee. Zhu served as president of the Xinhua News Agency, deputy head of the Propaganda Department of the Communist Party of China, Minister of Culture, and chairman of the State Council Information Office.

Climate data for Jiangyin (normal temperatures: 1957−1987, extremes and precipitations: 1957−2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
26.8
(80.2)
30.4
(86.7)
34.3
(93.7)
36.3
(97.3)
38.2
(100.8)
39.6
(103.3)
41.3
(106.3)
37.8
(100.0)
33.3
(91.9)
28.8
(83.8)
23.2
(73.8)
41.3
(106.3)
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
9.0
(48.2)
12.5
(54.5)
17.9
(64.2)
23.2
(73.8)
27.2
(81.0)
32.0
(89.6)
31.5
(88.7)
25.6
(78.1)
21.1
(70.0)
15.7
(60.3)
7.9
(46.2)
19.1
(66.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
4.6
(40.3)
8.9
(48.0)
14.7
(58.5)
20.1
(68.2)
24.2
(75.6)
28.1
(82.6)
27.7
(81.9)
23.3
(73.9)
17.8
(64.0)
11.8
(53.2)
5.4
(41.7)
15.8
(60.4)
Average low °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
0.7
(33.3)
5.5
(41.9)
12.1
(53.8)
17.7
(63.9)
22.1
(71.8)
25.4
(77.7)
24.3
(75.7)
20.6
(69.1)
15.1
(59.2)
7.7
(45.9)
0.5
(32.9)
12.6
(54.7)
Record low °C (°F) −14.2
(6.4)
−11.4
(11.5)
−7.5
(18.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.8
(38.8)
11.7
(53.1)
15.5
(59.9)
17.1
(62.8)
9.3
(48.7)
1.3
(34.3)
−4.6
(23.7)
−10
(14)
−14.2
(6.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 42.3
(1.67)
53.2
(2.09)
74.3
(2.93)
84.0
(3.31)
98.0
(3.86)
172.1
(6.78)
186.7
(7.35)
150.7
(5.93)
95.3
(3.75)
57.4
(2.26)
52.4
(2.06)
32.0
(1.26)
1,098.4
(43.25)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 140.2 128.8 151.5 168.8 186.2 163.0 210.7 220.4 171.5 180.1 153.5 154.3 2,029
Source: Jiangyin Municipal Chorography & Annual of Jiangyin, 2016 [7][8]
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