Jharsuguda district

Jharsuguda is a district in Odisha, India with Jharsuguda town as its headquarters. The district once had an airport during World War II. This region is rich in coal and other mineral reserves. Of late, many small and medium scale iron and steel units have been set up in the vicinity of Jharsuguda town, giving impetus to the industrial growth of the district.

Jharsuguda
District
Jharsuguda railway station
Jharsuguda railway station
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°51′00″N 84°00′58″E / 21.85°N 84.016°ECoordinates: 21°51′00″N 84°00′58″E / 21.85°N 84.016°E
Country India
StateOdisha
HeadquartersJharsuguda
Government
 • Member of Lok SabhaDr.Pravas Kumar Singh
Area
 • Total2,081 km2 (803 sq mi)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total514,853
 • Density245/km2 (630/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
768 xxx
Vehicle registrationOD-23
Nearest citySambalpur, Rourkela
Sex ratio1.057 /
Literacy71.4%
Lok Sabha constituencyBargarh
Vidhan Sabha constituency2, 1.Brajarajnagar, 2.Jharsuguda
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,527 mm (60.1 in)
Avg. summer temperature46.7 °C (116.1 °F)
Websitewww.jharsuguda.nic.in

Major Tribes

This district has the major tribal populations among them important tribes are Sabara, Kisan, Kurukh, Bhuiyan, Munda, Santal. This district has unique diversity in terms of tribal culture, language and other focal culture. Kurukh people speak their mother tongue Kurukh language with Sadri language. Munda people speak their Ho language and Kisan people speak their Kisan dialect and Kharia speak their Kharia. Sadri and local Odia dialect is also quite popular among tribal communities.

Geography

Jharsuguda district has three urban agglomerations, municipalities of Jharsuguda town and Brajrajnagar and municipality of Belpahar.

Economy

There are lot of coal mines situated in this area.

Brajrajnagar is an industrial town, being of the prime location for Open Cast Coal Mine of Ib Valley Coalfield of Mahanadi Coalfields Limited. Brajrajnagar also boasts of a large scale paper mill, i.e., Orient Paper Mills of the Birla Group of Industries. However, this mill has been defunct for more than a decade now. Brajrajnagar is also a tourist hub as there are a lot of big temples like Brajeswari temple near railway station, Ramchandi Mandir, Laxmi Narayan Mandir, Jagannath Temple, Shiv Mandir in Lamtibahal, Shani Mandir in college road, Mukteswar Temple in hill top colony, Shiv Mandir in Rampur as well as Shiv Temple of G.M. Office, Aditya Mandir in jharsuguda road, Mangala and Tarini Mandir in college road.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Jharsuguda one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[1] It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[1]

Divisions

The district comprises five blocks, primary being Lakhanpur, Kolabira, Laikera, Kirmira and Jharsuguda.

Belpahar sub-division includes 12 villages and two town. The most populous village is Chhualiberna. The main festival of Chhualiberna is Narsingh Puja which held on month of December. Brajrajnagar is also famous of rampur's ramchandi mandir bank of the Ib river. Rampur colliery is famous for the oldest coal mines in India, another one most popular gram panchayat is Hirma, which is under Jharsuguda block; it is 10 km (6.2 mi) from dist. headquarter, and the main festival is Samalei Bali Jatra (Kandagarh) and election.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Jharsuguda district had a population of 579,499,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[3] or the US state of Wyoming.[4] This gives it a ranking of 530th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district had a population density of 274 inhabitants per square kilometre (710/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 13.69%.[2] Jharsuguda had a sex ratio of 951 females for every 1,000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 78.36%.[2]

Politics

Vidhan sabha constituencies

The following is the 2 Vidhan sabha constituencies[5][6] of Jharsuguda district and the elected members[7] of that area.

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
6 Brajarajnagar None Brajarajnagar (M), Belpahar (NAC), Lakhanpur, Jharsuguda (part) Radharani Panda BJP
7 Jharsuguda None Jharsuguda (M), Kirmira, Laikera, Kolabira, Jharsuguda (Part) Naba Kishore Das INC

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  3. ^ US cia.gov. "Country Comparison: Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Solomon Islands 571,890 July 2011 est.
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Wyoming 563,626
  5. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  6. ^ Seats of Odisha
  7. ^ "List of Members in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME

External links

Adhapara

Adhapara is a small village in the district of Jharsuguda in Odisha, India.This village migrated from Hirakud Dam area in the year 1957. As of 2011, there were a total of 332 families living in the village. It is about 35 km away from Jharsuguda.

Like the rest of Orissa, the language spoken in the village is Sambalpuri and Oriya. The village is situated near (about 2/3 km away) from Ib-Thermal Power Station (a govt. Of ORISSA PSU). According to the 2011 State Census, Adhapara had a higher literacy rate than rest of Orissa. Schools located in the village include U.P School Adhapara, M.E School Adhapara, and Jawahrlal High School, Adhapara. However, in 2013, schools in Adhapara and others in the Jharsuguda district reported only having one teacher per school.A Hospital is located in the village and participates in free health camps in the region by providing doctors to diagnose ailments of participants.

Bandhabahal

Bandhabahal is a small town in the Jharsuguda district in Odisha, India. It has a number of coal mines, which come under Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (M.C.L).

Bargarh (Lok Sabha constituency)

Bargarh Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 21 Lok Sabha parliamentary constituencies in Odisha state in eastern India. This constituency came into existence in 2008 as a part of the implementation of delimitation of parliamentary constituencies based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India in 2002.

Belpahar

Belpahar is a town and a municipality in Jharsuguda district in the state of Odisha, India. Belpahar is famous for its geographical location, as it is the center for many coal mines areas nearby. Krosaki TRL Limited is located in Belpahar while there is Mahanadi Coalfields Limited and Ib Thermal Power station in the vicinity. It has a railway station which levels 55 metres high above the sea level. This area is among the fastest growing industrial zones in Odisha.

Brajarajnagar

Brajarajnagar is a town and a municipality in Jharsuguda district in the state of Odisha, India. It is famous for MCL-owned coal mines and now-defunct Orient Paper Mills of Birlas established in 1936.

Most of the population in this city were working for Orient Paper Mills, which belonged to Birla Group of industries. Brajrajnagar has in its vicinity numerous open-cast and underground coal mines of IB Valley Coalfield and Orient Colliery Area belonging to government-owned Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL).

Brajarajnagar (Odisha Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Brajarajnagar (Sl. No.: 6) is a Vidhan Sabha constituency of Jharsuguda district, Odisha.

Area of this constituency include Brajarajnagar, Belpahar, Lakhanpur block and Jharsuguda block.

Ib Thermal Power Station

Ib Thermal Power Station (ITPS) is a coal-based thermal power plant located near Jharsuguda town in Jharsuguda district in the Indian state of Odisha. The power plant is operated by the state owned Orissa Power Generation Corporation.

The coal for the plant is sourced from Ib Valley Coalfield. Water is sourced from reservoir of Hirakud Dam.

Ib Valley Coalfield

Ib Valley Coalfield is located in Jharsuguda district in the Indian state of Odisha, in the valley of the Ib River, a tributary of the Mahanadi.

Ib railway station

Ib is a railway station in the Indian state of Odisha.

It has the distinction of having the shortest name of all stations on the Indian Railways system.

Jharsuguda

Jharsuguda is the district headquarters of Jharsuguda district of Odisha, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Jharsuguda district. It is an industrial hub, consisting mainly of metallurgical industries. It is well connected to major city's of India through the rail network, and a recently inargurated Jharsuguda Airport later renamed as Veer Surendra Sai Airport by Prime minister Narendra Modi. It is popularly known as the "Powerhouse of Odisha" due to a large number of industries mostly thermal power plants located nearby.

Jharsuguda (Odisha Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Jharsuguda (Sl. No.: 7) is a Vidhan Sabha constituency of Jharsuguda district.

Area of this constituency include Jharsuguda, Kirmira block, Laikera block, Kolabira block and part of Jharsuguda block.

Jharsuguda Airport

Jharsuguda Airport (IATA: JRG, ICAO: VEJH) also known as Veer Surendra Sai Airport is located 5 kilometers north-east of Jharsuguda. The upgraded airport was inaugurated by Prime minister Narendra Modi on 22 September 2018. Flights were first started by SpiceJet on 31 March 2019, making Jharsuguda Airport the second operational airport in Odisha.

Jharsuguda Junction railway station

Jharsuguda railway station is a major railway junction located in the north-western part of the Indian state of Odisha and serves the Jharsuguda district.

Koilighugar Waterfall

Koilighugar Waterfall is in Jharsuguda district, Odisha, India.

Lakhanpur, Odisha

Lakhanpur is a tehsil in Jharsuguda district, Odisha, India.

Laxminarayan College, Jharsuguda

Laxminarayan College, Jharsuguda, also called L. N. College, is a full-fledged aided College of the Government of Odisha located in Jharsuguda district of Odisha. It was founded in 18th August 1969. This College comes under Sambalpur University. It imparts teaching in Arts, Science and Commerce both in +2 or senior secondary education and +3(three year) Degree Course stage with honours teaching facilities.

Sterlite Jharsuguda Power Station

Jharsuguda Power Station is a coal-based thermal power plant located at Burkhamunda near Jharsuguda town in Jharsuguda district in the Indian state of Odisha. The power plant is operated by the Sterlite Energy.

The coal for the plant is sourced from Ib Valley Coalfield. Water is sourced from reservoir of Hirakud Dam. The Engineering, procurement and construction contract is given to SEPCO3 of People's Republic of China.

Surendra Sai

Surendra Sai (23 January 1809 – 28 February 1884) was an Indian freedom fighter and tribal leader who sacrificed his life fighting against the British East India Company. Surendra Sai and his associates Madho Singh, Kunjal Singh, Airi Singh, Bairi Singh, Uddant Sai, Ujjal Sai, Khageswar Dao, Karunakar Singh, Salegram Bariha, Govind Singh, Pahar Singh, Rajee Ghasia, Kamal Singh, Hati Singh, Salik Ram Bariha, Loknath Panda/Gadtia, Mrutunjaya Panigrahi, Jagabandu Hota, Padmanave Guru, Trilochan Panigrahi and many others resisted the British and successfully protected most parts of Western Odisha region for some time from the British rule. Most of them died unnoticed fighting for freedom from the British. Many of them were hanged by the British; a few died in the Cellular Jail in the Andamans. Surendra Sai died in Asirgarh Jail on 23 May 1884.

Vedanta Jharsuguda Captive Power Plant

Vedanta Jharsuguda Power Station is a coal based thermal captive power plant located near Jharsuguda town in Jharsuguda district in the Indian state of Odisha. The power plant is operated by the Vedanta Resources. It supplies power to aluminum smelter of Vedanta Resources.

The coal for the plant is sourced from Ib Valley Coalfield. Water is sourced from reservoir of Hirakud Dam. The Engineering, procurement and construction contract is given to SEPCO3 of People's Republic of China.

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