Jharsuguda

Jharsuguda is the district headquarters of Jharsuguda district of Odisha, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Jharsuguda district. It is an industrial hub, consisting mainly of metallurgical industries. It is well connected to major city's of India through the rail network, and a recently inargurated Jharsuguda Airport later renamed as Veer Surendra Sai Airport by Prime minister Narendra Modi. It is popularly known as the "Powerhouse of Odisha" due to a large number of industries mostly thermal power plants located nearby.

Jharsuguda
City
Nickname(s): 
JSG
Jharsuguda is located in Odisha
Jharsuguda
Jharsuguda
Location in Odisha, India
Jharsuguda is located in India
Jharsuguda
Jharsuguda
Jharsuguda (India)
Coordinates: 21°51′N 84°02′E / 21.85°N 84.03°ECoordinates: 21°51′N 84°02′E / 21.85°N 84.03°E
Country India
StateOdisha
DistrictJharsuguda
Established1951
Area
 • Total40 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation
218 m (715 ft)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total97,730
 • Density2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
768201
Vehicle registrationOD-23 (Previously OR-23)
Websitejharsuguda.nic.in

Major Tribes

This distrit has the major tribal populations among them important tribes are Sabara, Kisan ,Kurukh, Bhuiyan, Munda, Santal. This district has unique diversity in terms of tribal culture, language and other focal culture. Kurukh people speak their mother tongue Kurukh language with Sadri language. Munda people speak their Ho language and Kisan people speak their Kisan dialect and Kharia speak their Kharia. Sadri and local Odia dialect is also quite popular among tribal communities.

Geography and climate

Jharsuguda is located at 21°51′N 84°02′E / 21.85°N 84.03°E.[2] It has an average elevation of 218 metres (715 ft). It is located in Western Odisha. State highway 10 and National Highway 200 (NH-200) pass through this place. The Ib river flows along the Western side of Jharsuguda town and the river Bheden flows in the south. The area of the town is 70.47 km2, and has a population of 579,499.[3]

The town is situated at 21.82° north longitude and 84.1° latitude and at a height of 700–750 feet above mean sea level. The highest temperature recorded during the summer months is 48.0 °C. It has an average rainfall of 1,527 mm.

Basin of IB river my fav12

Ib River

Autumn view of IB river

Autumn view of Ib river

Kanak Durga Gadi Mandir, Jharsuguda 2

Kanaka Durga Mandir

Culture

Jharsuguda is a cosmopolitan city housing people from various regions of India. Major festivals celebrated in the town are:

  • Nuakhai: This is an important festival for the people of Western Odisha. This festival falls during Autumn season. It is a harvest festival celebrated after the first crops are harvested (similar to baisakhi in Punjab). Families gather during this period and eat together. After that, the younger take the blessings of elders and dance with friends.
  • Bhai Jauntia: A festival observed by the women of this region where a sister prays for the betterment of her brother.
  • Rath Yatra: Rath Yatra is celebrated in the town & villages of the district.[6] Lord Jagannath, his elder brother lord Balabhadra and his younger sister Subhadra travel in a wooden car to their mausi mandir.
  • Durga Puja: Durga Puja has been celebrated in public pandals in the town for more than half a century. It is one of the most celebrated festival locally in Jharsuguda. Most remarkable and favoured among these are specially Durga pandals of Sarbahal, Chowki para and Mangal Bazar and Puja by Sri Santimai Mukharjee in Chowki Para are major crowd pullers for their majestic and innovative pandals.
  • Ganesh Puja: Ganesh Chaturthi or Ganesh puja is also one of locally most celebrated festival which is a 10-day public celebration.
  • Diwali and Chhat: It is celebrated with great pomp and show.
  • Kirtan (Nama Yangya) (Brundamal, Sarbahal, Sahapada, Buromal and Chowki Para): People pray to Krishna and Rama.

Transport

Since the Colonial era, the city has had a relatively developed transportation network. Primary modes of transport are auto rickshaws, 'Savaris', taxi vans and municipal or state operated buses.

The Jharsuguda Airport had been under expansion at Durlaga. It has an airstrip since British times, which is currently upgraded to a full-fledged airport. First flight from Jharsuguda took off in September 2018 after PM Modi dedicates VSS Airport (Veer Surendra Sai Airport) to nation. [7]

On February 28 2019, low cost airline Spicejet announced regional connectivity from Jhasurguda to various state capitals such as Kolkata, Hyderabad as well as with New Delhi under the UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik) regional connectivity scheme. [8]

Jharsuguda is an important railway junction on the Tatanagar–Bilaspur section of the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line and the Jharsuguda-Vizianagaram line. The railway station comes under South Eastern Railway.

Jharsuguda Railway Station, Odisha 1
Jharsuguda Railway Station

Jharsuguda is connected to various towns of the states by State Highway 10 and National Highway 49.

Politics

The current Member of the Legislative Assembly from Jharsuguda Assembly Constituency is Naba Kishore Das, who won the seat in 2009 and again in 2014.[9][10] Jharsuguda is currently under Bargarh constituency of the Lok Sabha. This constituency came into existence in 2008 as a part of delimitation of parliamentary constituencies based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India in 2002. Jharsuguda was previously under the Deogarh constituency of the Lok Sabha. The current Member of Parliament from Bargarh is Dr. Prabhas Singh from the Biju Janata Dal party, taking office in 2014.

Education

The pre-collegiate medium of instruction in schools is predominantly English and Odia. The medium of instruction in educational institutions after matriculation in colleges is English. Other media of instruction also exist in Jharsuguda. Schools and colleges in Jharsuguda are mostly government-run, but schools run by private trusts and individuals also exist. The schools are affiliated with either the Odisha State Board under the Board of Secondary Education (BSE) or Council of Higher Secondary Education (CHSE), Indian Certificate of Secondary Education and the Central Board of Secondary Education. After completing 10 years of schooling in secondary education, students enroll in higher secondary school, specialising in one of three streams – arts, commerce or science.

In November 2016, the professional accounting body Institute of Chartered Accountants of India opened a branch at Jharsuguda.

Also see

References

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook - Jharsuguda" (PDF). Directorate of Census Operations, Odisha. 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Jharsuguda
  3. ^ 2001 Census
  4. ^ "Climate Data(Weatherbase)". Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  5. ^ "Climate Data(IMD)". Archived from the original on 10 May 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  6. ^ "Important Fairs and Festival of Jharsuguda district".
  7. ^ P.M Modi visit to Jharsuguda District
  8. ^ UDAN
  9. ^ Reports on Election 2014 - See page no. 124, archived on (6 June 2017). "Wayback Machine" (PDF). web.archive.org. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  10. ^ "CEO ODISHA". archive.is. 19 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.

External links

Bargarh (Lok Sabha constituency)

Bargarh Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 21 Lok Sabha parliamentary constituencies in Odisha state in eastern India. This constituency came into existence in 2008 as a part of the implementation of delimitation of parliamentary constituencies based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India in 2002.

Belpahar

Belpahar is a town and a municipality in Jharsuguda district in the state of Odisha, India. Belpahar is famous for its geographical location, as it is the center for many coal mines areas nearby. Krosaki TRL Limited is located in Belpahar while there is Mahanadi Coalfields Limited and Ib Thermal Power station in the vicinity. It has a railway station which levels 55 metres high above the sea level. This area is among the fastest growing industrial zones in Odisha.

Brajarajnagar

Brajarajnagar is a town and a municipality in Jharsuguda district in the state of Odisha, India. It is famous for MCL-owned coal mines and now-defunct Orient Paper Mills of Birlas established in 1936.

Most of the population in this city were working for Orient Paper Mills, which belonged to Birla Group of industries. Brajrajnagar has in its vicinity numerous open-cast and underground coal mines of IB Valley Coalfield and Orient Colliery Area belonging to government-owned Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL).

Chakradharpur railway division

Chakradharpur railway division is one of the four railway divisions under South Eastern Railway zone of Indian Railways. This railway division was formed on 14 April 1952 and its headquarter is located at Chakradharpur in West Singhbhum district of the state of Jharkhand of India.

Kharagpur railway division, Adra railway division and Ranchi railway division are the other three railway divisions under SER Zone headquartered at Garden Reach, Calcutta.

The Chakradharpur Railway Division extends from:

1. Asanboni station in Jharkhand to Jharsuguda station in Odisha on the Howrah - Mumbai Main Line, important stations in this route includes: Tatanagar, Chakradharpur, Rourkela and Jharsuguda.

Chakradharpur Division also includes the following lines:

2. Rajkharsawan station to Gua/Bolani Khadan in Jharkhand/Odisha respectively and from Padapahar station in Jharkhand to Jaroli station in Odisha, important stations in this route are Chaibasa, Dangoaposi, Noamundi, Barbil and Banspani.

3. Sini station to Manikui station and the Kandra-Gamharia stretch in the state of Jharkhand.

4. The Tatanagar station in Jharkhand to Gorumahisani/Badampahar stations via Rairangpur Jn. in Odisha.

5. Rourkela station to Bitmitrapur station in Odisha.

6. Bondamunda station to Barsuwan/Kiriburu via Bimlagarh Jn. in Odisha/Jharkhand respectively.

7. Bondamunda station to Nuagaon station in Odisha on the Bondamunda - Ranchi line.

8. Jharsuguda to Sardega New line for Mahanadi Coal Fields Limited in Odisha.

The Division serves three districts of Jharkhand (East and West Singhbhum and Saraikela-Kharsawan) and five districts of Odisha (Sundragarh, Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Mayurbhanj and Keonjhar).

Tatanagar being the most important station of the Division, followed by Rourkela, Jharsuguda, Chakradharpur, etc. The main source of income of the division is from Freight and it is one of the highest earning Division out of 67 divisions of entire Indian Railways. The major components carried by Freight Trains in this section are Coal, Iron Ore, Finished Steel, Manganese and Limestone. In Financial Year 2016-17 Chakradharpur Division crossed loading capacity of 100 Million Tonnes and the target is increasing year on year. The major industries served by the division are Tata Steel, Tata Motors, Lafarge Cement, Associate Cement Company (ACC), Orissa Cement Ltd. (OCL), Bihar Sponge Iron, SAIL Gua/Kiriburu/Manoharpur, SAIL Rourkela, Vedanta Jharsuguda, Jindal(JSW), Adhunik Ispat Alloys, Usha Martin, Mahanadi Coal Fields Ltd. (MCL), etc. and many other small and medium industries.

Ib River

Ib River is a tributary of Mahanadi river in North-Eastern Central India. It joins Mahanadi river flowing directly into the Hirakud Reservoir. The river originates in hills near Pandrapet at an elevation of 762 metres (2,500 ft). It passes through Raigarh district and Jashpur district of Chhattisgarh and Jharsuguda and Sundargarh District of Odisha and finally meets Mahanadi at Hirakud Dam in the state .

Ib river valley is famous for its rich coal belt, Ib Valley Coalfield. Major portions of Mahanadi Coalfields are situated on the banks of Ib. Many industries have flourished on the banks of the river Ib. The Ib valley areas are counted as one of the most important industrial zones of Eastern India. The river runs for a distance of about 252 kilometres (157 mi) and drains an area of 12,447 square kilometres (4,806 sq mi).There are enough sightseeing opportunities in the adjoining areas of River Ib. it is believed that the perennial river inspired several tribal groups of Chhattisgarh and Odisha to make a permanent habitat on its bank in the past ages. Also, there are ample folklores regarding the mythological significance of the Ib river.

Ib Valley Coalfield

Ib Valley Coalfield is located in Jharsuguda district in the Indian state of Odisha, in the valley of the Ib River, a tributary of the Mahanadi.

Ib railway station

Ib is a railway station in the Indian state of Odisha.

It has the distinction of having the shortest name of all stations on the Indian Railways system.

Jharsuguda Airport

Jharsuguda Airport (IATA: JRG, ICAO: VEJH) also known as Veer Surendra Sai Airport is located 5 kilometers north-east of Jharsuguda &

kilometers

eters north of Sambalpur,Odisha, India. The upgraded airport was inaugurated by Prime minister Narendra Modi on 22 September 2018. Flights resumes by SpiceJet from 31 March 2019.

Jharsuguda Junction railway station

Jharsuguda railway station is a major railway junction located in the north-western part of the Indian state of Odisha and serves the Jharsuguda district.

Jharsuguda district

Jharsuguda is a district in Odisha, India with Jharsuguda town as its headquarters. The district once had an airport during World War II. This region is rich in coal and other mineral reserves. Of late, many small and medium scale iron and steel units have been set up in the vicinity of Jharsuguda town, giving impetus to the industrial growth of the district.

Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line

The Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line is a railway line in eastern India. It connects Jharsuguda, on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line, and Titlagarh, which in turn is connected with Vizianagaram, on the Howrah-Chennai main line, and Raipur, on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. There are several branch lines, like the one connecting Rayagada with Koraput on the Kothavalasa-Kirandul line. The line traverses western Odisha and connects the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line with the Howrah-Chennai main line. It covers small portions of Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh.

Koilighugar Waterfall

Koilighugar Waterfall is in Jharsuguda district, Odisha, India.

Kuchinda

Kuchinda is a town and a notified area council in Sambalpur district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is located about 80 kilometres from the district headquarters of Sambalpur and about 48 km away from Jharsuguda.

Laxminarayan College, Jharsuguda

Laxminarayan College, Jharsuguda, also called L. N. College, is a full-fledged aided College of the Government of Odisha located in Jharsuguda district of Odisha. It was founded in 18th August 1969. This College comes under Sambalpur University. It imparts teaching in Arts, Science and Commerce both in +2 or senior secondary education and +3(three year) Degree Course stage with honours teaching facilities.

List of constituencies of the Odisha Legislative Assembly

The following is the list of Vidhan sabha Constituencies of Odisha and the Elected Members

* representatives had contested the election with NCP ticket.

Samasingha

Samasingha is a Gram Panchayat in the district of Jharsuguda in the state of Odisha in India. The Block office and police station of Samasingha is Kolabira, site of the Kolabira fort. It is divided into fourteen wards. The MLA constituency is Jharsuguda and the MP constituency is Bargarh. The village is situated on the bank of the Bheden river, a tributary of the Mahanadi. Two small seasonal streams flow through the village, the larger is named Badbahal and the smaller Nalia. Bhugarapali, Junadihi, Belmunda, Jalapara/Jaladihi and Kumharmal are villages are in the neighbourhood of Samasingha. Other nearby places include Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Kuchinda, Bamra and Bagdihi. The nearest place of tourist attraction is Gudguda. It is on the route between Sambalpur and Ranchi.

National Highway 200 (Raipur-Chandikhole) runs along the periphery of the village. The population of the village is around 6000. The local wine is produced from rice and the flower of Madhuca indica. The mango and cashew nut trees spread throughout the village area.

The administrative hierarchy, from smallest to largest, is Samasingha (Post office, Gram Panchayat), Kolabira (Block or Panchayat Samiti and Tahsil), Jharsuguda (district), Odisha (State), India.

The nearest airport is in Jharsuguda, Bhubaneswar, Raipur. The nearest railway station is Jharsuguda.

Sambalpur district

Sambalpur District is a district in the western part of state of Odisha, India. The historic city of Sambalpur is the district headquarters.

The district is located in the Mahanadi River basin. It has a total area of 6,702 km2 (2,588 sq mi), of which almost 60% of the district is covered in dense forest. The district is bounded by Deogarh District to the east, Bargarh and Jharsuguda districts to the west, Sundergarh District to the north, and Subarnapur and Angul districts in the south.

Sambalpur City is the connecting city between Chhattisgarh and Odisha. Whereas it used to be known for its importance as a diamond trading centre, nowadays it is mainly known for its textiles, especially the Sambalpuri Saree.

Sundergarh district

Sundergarh District also spelled Sundargarh District is a district in the northwestern part of Odisha state in eastern India.

Sundergarh district is bounded by Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh in the west, Jashpur district of Chhattisgarh in the North-West, Simdega district of Jharkhand in the North, West Singhbhum district of Jharkhand and Keonjhar district of Odisha in the east and Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Deogarh and Angul districts of Odisha in the South. The town of Sundergarh is the district headquarters.

Telen River

The Tel River is a tributary of the Mahanadi in East Central India. The Bhede River is a tributary to this river. The historical Kolabira Fort is situated on the bank of this river. Jharsuguda town lies on the bank of this river.

Climate data for Jharsuguda
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32
(90)
35
(95)
41
(106)
43
(109)
49
(120)
46
(115)
37
(99)
35
(95)
35
(95)
36
(97)
32
(90)
31
(88)
49
(120)
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
30
(86)
34
(93)
40
(104)
42
(108)
38
(100)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
28
(82)
33
(91)
Average low °C (°F) 12
(54)
15
(59)
18
(64)
24
(75)
27
(81)
28
(82)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
21
(70)
16
(61)
12
(54)
21
(69)
Record low °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
16
(61)
18
(64)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
15
(59)
12
(54)
7
(45)
7
(45)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.6
(0.73)
21
(0.8)
13.5
(0.53)
21.3
(0.84)
42.2
(1.66)
221.0
(8.70)
377.4
(14.86)
409.6
(16.13)
241.9
(9.52)
58.7
(2.31)
13.8
(0.54)
6.0
(0.24)
1,445
(56.86)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01) 1.4 1.5 1.5 2.0 3.3 9.7 16.1 16.8 11.2 3.6 0.8 0.5 68.4
Average relative humidity (%) 61 55 45 40 40 61 86 86 85 77 67 64 64
Source #1: Weatherbase[4]
Source #2: IMD[5]
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