Jesse Burkett

Jesse Cail Burkett (December 4, 1868 – May 27, 1953), nicknamed "Crab", was an American left fielder in Major League Baseball from 1890 to 1905. He batted over .400 twice. After his playing career, Burkett managed in the minor leagues. He was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1946.

Jesse Burkett
1920 Jesse Burkett.jpeg
Burkett in 1920
Left fielder
Born: December 4, 1868
Wheeling, West Virginia
Died: May 27, 1953 (aged 84)
Worcester, Massachusetts
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
April 22, 1890, for the New York Giants
Last MLB appearance
October 7, 1905, for the Boston Americans
MLB statistics
Batting average.338
Home runs75
Runs batted in952
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Election MethodVeteran's Committee

Early life

Burkett was born in Wheeling, West Virginia,[1] to Granville and Ellen Burkett. His father was a laborer and painter who worked for the Wheeling and Belmont Bridge Company.[2] Beginning his professional career as a pitcher, he won 27 games at the age of 19 in 1888 in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and also compiled a 39–6 record for the Worcester Club of the New England League. He acquired his nickname, "Crab", due to his serious disposition.[3]

Major League Baseball career

Burkett made his major league debut for the New York Giants of the National League (NL) in 1890 and had a batting average of .309. He was then purchased by the Cleveland Spiders in February 1891 and played for them through the 1898 season. In 1892, he hit .275 and was among the league's top ten players in runs scored and triples. The next season, his batting average increased to .348 (sixth highest in the league) and drew 98 walks (fifth most in the league). He remained in the top ten in walks in almost every season throughout his career.[1]

In 1895, he batted .405 and led the NL in batting average and hits (225). The following season, he set a career-high in batting average, at .410, and led the league in batting average, hits (240), and runs scored (160).[1] Burkett was the second player in major league history to bat over .400 twice, the first being Ed Delahanty. The Spiders finished second in 1895 and 1896 and played the Baltimore Orioles both seasons in the Temple Cup series, beating the Orioles in 1895.

In March 1899, Burkett was assigned to the St. Louis Perfectos. He played for the Perfectos/Cardinals for three seasons. In 1901, he led the NL in batting average (.376), on-base percentage (.440), hits (226), and runs scored (142). Before the 1902 season, Burkett jumped to the St. Louis Browns of the American League. He played for the Browns for three seasons and then finished his major league career with the Boston Americans in 1905.[1]

Burkett holds the record for the most inside-the-park home runs in MLB history, with 55.[4] He has the highest batting average (.378) and on-base percentage (.444) in St. Louis Cardinals history.[5]

Later life

Burkett managed the New England League's Worcester Busters from 1906 to 1915 and played some games for the team, as well.[6] In 1906, he led the league with a .344 batting average.[7]

Newspapers described Burkett as retiring from baseball in 1916. He secured a position with a brass factory in Worcester in December.[8] However, he signed on as a coach with College of the Holy Cross late that month.[9] In four seasons at Holy Cross, Burkett amassed an 88-12-1 record; nine players on his 1919 team were designated All-East players.[10]

Burkett managed sporadically in the minor leagues until 1933.[6] He was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1946.[1] The Wheeling native became the first West Virginian elected into the Hall of Fame.

Burkett died in Worcester, Massachusetts, on May 27, 1953.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Jesse Burkett Statistics and History". Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Jesse Burkett: Looking 'Em Over". Ohio County Public Library. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
  3. ^ "Burkett, Jesse". Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
  4. ^ "Inside The Park Home Run Records". Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  5. ^ "St. Louis Cardinals Top 50 Career Batting Leaders". Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Jesse Burkett Minor League Statistics & History". Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  7. ^ "1906 New England League Batting Leaders". Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  8. ^ "Jesse Burkett now factory employee". The Day. December 8, 1916. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  9. ^ "Jesse Burkett to pilot Holy Cross". The Day. December 23, 1916. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  10. ^ "2014 Holy Cross Baseball" (PDF). College of the Holy Cross. Retrieved January 2, 2015.

External links

Preceded by
Hugh Duffy
Single season base hit record holders
Succeeded by
Ty Cobb
1890 New York Giants season

The 1890 New York Giants season was the franchise's 8th season. The team finished in sixth place in the National League with a 63–68 record, 24 games behind the Brooklyn Bridegrooms. They also had to contend with a new crosstown rival, the New York Giants of the Players' League.

1894 Cleveland Spiders season

The 1894 Cleveland Spiders finished with a 68–61 record, good for sixth place in the National League.

1900 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1900 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 19th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 9th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 65–75 during the season and finished 5th in the National League.

1901 St. Louis Cardinals season

The 1901 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 20th season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 10th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 76–64 during the season and finished 4th in the National League. It was the first time the Cardinals had finished in the top half of the standings since joining the National League.

1902 St. Louis Browns season

The 1902 St. Louis Browns season was the first for the franchise in St. Louis, after moving from Milwaukee. The team finished second in the American League with a record of 78 wins and 58 losses.

1903 St. Louis Browns season

The 1903 St. Louis Browns season was a season in American baseball. The team finished sixth in the American League with a record of 65 wins and 74 losses, 26½ games behind the Boston Americans.

1904 St. Louis Browns season

The 1904 St. Louis Browns season was a season in American baseball. The team finished sixth in the American League with a record of 65 wins and 87 losses, 29 games behind the Boston Americans.

1905 Boston Americans season

The 1905 Boston Americans season was the fifth season for the professional baseball franchise that later became known as the Boston Red Sox. The Americans finished fourth in the American League (AL) with a record of 78 wins and 74 losses. The team was managed by Jimmy Collins and played its home games at Huntington Avenue Grounds.

1946 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1946 were conducted by methods refashioned and then fashioned again during the year. As in 1945 the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent players and elected no one. Also as in 1945 the Old Timers Committee responded by electing the biggest class yet, then ten and now eleven people: Jesse Burkett, Frank Chance, Jack Chesbro, Johnny Evers, Clark Griffith, Tommy McCarthy, Joe McGinnity, Eddie Plank, Joe Tinker, Rube Waddell, and Ed Walsh.

Most of those "old timers" were star players from the 1900s and 1910s rather than the 19th century. Afterward the jurisdiction of the BBWAA was formally reduced to cover only players who retired during the last 25 years; in 1947 those would be players active in 1922 and later. Perhaps the relatively narrow scope would help the writers concentrate their votes on a few candidates. To make certain, the rules for 1947 provided a runoff in case of no winner on the first ballot. On Dec. 3, the BBWAA also limited voting to writers who had been members for at least ten years.

The eleven old timers were selected in the summer of 1946 and inducted as part of the 1947 ceremonies. Among them, Ed Walsh alone was present.

Cleveland Spiders

The Cleveland Spiders were a Major League Baseball team which played between 1887 and 1899 in Cleveland, Ohio. The team played at National League Park from 1889 to 1890 and at League Park from 1891 to 1899, being disbanded along with three other teams after a travesty of a season in which the team had an horrific 20-134 won-lost record most closely approached by the 1962 New York Mets. The modern Cleveland Indians of the American League were named in honor of Louis Sockalexis, the first Native American to play in Major League Baseball.

Davy Jones (baseball)

David Jefferson "Davy" Jones (June 30, 1880 – March 30, 1972), nicknamed "Kangaroo", was an outfielder in Major League Baseball. He played fifteen seasons with the Milwaukee Brewers, St. Louis Browns, Chicago Cubs, Detroit Tigers, Chicago White Sox, and Pittsburgh Rebels. Jones played with some of the early legends of the game, including Ty Cobb, Sam Crawford, Frank Chance, Three Finger Brown, Hugh Duffy and Jesse Burkett. Also, he played part of one year with the Chicago White Sox, where several of his teammates would later be implicated in the 1919 Black Sox scandal. Jones was immortalized in the classic baseball book The Glory of Their Times by Lawrence Ritter.

Davy Jones was mostly a platoon rather than a full-time player who was decent with the bat and swift on his feet. He played in the major leagues from 1901 to 1918, compiling a .270 career batting average with over 1,000 hits.

Dennis O'Neill (baseball)

Dennis O'Neill (November 22, 1866 – November 15, 1912) was a Major League Baseball player. He played for the St. Louis Browns in June, 1893.

Frank Huelsman

Frank Elmer Huelsman (June 5, 1874 – June 9, 1959) was an American professional baseball left fielder, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the St. Louis Browns, Chicago White Sox, Detroit Tigers, St. Louis Browns, and Washington Senators.

A true baseball nomad, Huelsman started his major league career late in 1897 with St. Louis Browns of the National League, hitting a .286 average (2-for-7) in two games. Out of the majors for six full seasons, he later achieved the rare distinction of being the first player in major league history to play for four different teams in a season.Huelsman reached the American League in 1904, appearing in three games with the Chicago White Sox before moving to the Detroit Tigers, the White Sox again, the new St. Louis Browns, and the Washington Senators. He hit .245 (97-for-396) in 112 games that season, including two home runs and 35 RBI.

In January 1905, the Boston Americans obtained outfielder George Stone from the Senators. Then, the Browns reclaimed Huelsman from Washington, where he had been on loan, and sent him along with outfielder Jesse Burkett to Boston in exchange for Stone. Boston then sent Huelsman back to Washington in payment for Stone. For Huelsman, it was his eight transaction in less of a year. Nevertheless, he enjoyed a good season with the Senators, hitting .271 with three home runs and 62 RBI in 121 games, including 48 runs, 28 doubles, eight triples, and 11 stolen bases – all career-numbers, but he was sent down in 1906, and was never called back up.

In a three-season career, Huelsman was a .258 hitter with five home runs and 97 RBI in 235 games.

Following his Major League Baseball career, Huelsman became a minor league star, compiling a .342 career average over nearly 20 years, including five batting titles, six RBI titles, and two Triple Crowns between 1911 and 1913, missing a third title in 1912 by a .002 in batting average.Huelsman died in Affton, Missouri, just four days after his 85th birthday.

Jack Barry (baseball)

John Joseph "Jack" Barry (April 26, 1887 – April 23, 1961) was an American shortstop, second baseman, and manager in Major League Baseball, and later a college baseball coach. From 1908 through 1919, Barry played for the Philadelphia Athletics (1908–15) and Boston Red Sox (1915–19).

List of Major League Baseball career fielding errors as an outfielder leaders

In baseball statistics, an error is an act, in the judgment of the official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner that allows a batter or baserunner to advance one or more bases or allows an at bat to continue after the batter should have been put out.

An outfielder is a person playing in one of the three defensive positions in baseball, farthest from the batter. These defenders are the left fielder, the center fielder, and the right fielder. An outfielder's duty is to try to catch long fly balls before they hit the ground or to quickly catch or retrieve and return to the infield any other balls entering the outfield. Outfielders normally play behind the six other members of the defense who play in or near the infield. By convention, each of the nine defensive positions in baseball is numbered. The outfield positions are 7 (left field), 8 (center field) and 9 (right field). These numbers are shorthand designations useful in baseball scorekeeping and are not necessarily the same as the squad numbers worn on player uniforms.

Tom Brown is the all-time leader in errors committed by an outfielder with 492 career. Brown is the only outfielder to commit more than 400 career errors. Dummy Hoy (394), Paul Hines (385), Jesse Burkett (383), George Gore (368), Jimmy Ryan (366), George Van Haltren (358), and Ned Hanlon (350) are the only other outfielders to commit more than 300 career errors.

List of St. Louis Cardinals team records

The St. Louis Cardinals, a professional baseball franchise based in St. Louis, Missouri, compete in the National League (NL) of Major League Baseball (MLB). in 1892. Before joining the NL, they were also a charter member of the American Association (AA) from 1882 to 1891. Although St. Louis has been the Cardinals' home city for the franchise's entire existence, they were also known as the Brown Stockings, Browns, and Perfectos.

In 134 seasons, the franchise has won more than 10,000 regular season games and appeared in 27 postseasons while claiming 12 interleague championships, tying one other, and 23 league pennants. 11 of the interleague championships are World Series titles won under the modern format since 1903; the other championship and tie occurred in 1885–1886. 19 of the league pennants are NL pennants, and the other four are AA pennants. Their 11 World Series titles represent the most in the NL and are second in MLB only to the New York Yankees' 27.

Notable players have defined, in part, the Cardinals' success and history. Stan Musial owns the most career batting records with 22. Rogers Hornsby owns the most single-season records with 11. Bob Gibson owns the most career pitching records with 18. Silver King owns the most single-season pitching records with nine.

Little League World Series (New England Region)

New England's participation in the Little League World Series dates back to 1957, when it was known as the East Region. However, in 2001, the East Region was split into the New England Region and the Mid-Atlantic Region.

Regional headquarters are located in Bristol, Connecticut.

The New England Region consists of the six New England states:




New Hampshire

Rhode Island


Marty Bergen (baseball)

Martin "Marty" Bergen (October 25, 1871 – January 19, 1900) was an American Major League Baseball player from 1896 to 1899. He played in 344 games during his four-year career with the Boston Beaneaters, 337 of them as their catcher. Bergen helped the Beaneaters to two straight National League pennants (1897 and 1898) and a second-place finish in 1899.

A 2001 article about him described him as "a nimble fielder with a bullwhip arm who could snap the ball to second base without so much as moving his feet". In 1900, future Hall of Fame outfielder Jesse Burkett characterized Bergen as the best catcher in baseball history.

Bergen suffered from apparent mental illness. By 1899, he experienced hallucinations, had to be removed from a game due to odd behavior, and walked off from the team train during a trip to Boston. On January 19, 1900, he killed his wife (the former Hattie Gaines), and two children, then took his own life. Despite this, and the brevity of his career, he received one vote in both 1938 and 1939 to enter the Baseball Hall of Fame.

Worcester Panthers

The Worcester Panthers were an Eastern League baseball team based in Worcester, Massachusetts. They existed from 1923 to 1925.They were managed by Hall of Fame baseball player Jesse Burkett in 1923 and 1924. He led them to a79-74 record in 1923, and a 70-82 record in 1924. In 1925, they were managed by Eddie Eayrs and future Hall of Fame manager Casey Stengel.They played their home games at Boulevard Park.

Veterans Committee
First basemen
Second basemen
Third basemen
Designated hitters
Executives /
Inducted as a Cardinal
Inductees who played
for the Cardinals
Cardinals managers
Cardinals executives
Frick Award
Spink Award

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