Jerry Mouse

Jerry Mouse is a fictional character and one of the title characters (the other being Tom Cat) in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's series of Tom and Jerry theatrical cartoon short films. Created by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, Jerry is a brown anthropomorphic house mouse, who first appeared as a mouse named Jinx in the 1940 MGM animated short Puss Gets the Boot.[1] Hanna gave the mouse's original name as "Jinx",[2] while Barbera claimed the mouse went unnamed in his first appearance.

Jerry
Tom and Jerry character
Jerry Mouse
Jerry's design in the Hanna-Barbera shorts.
First appearancePuss Gets the Boot (as Jinx)
February 10, 1940
The Midnight Snack (as Jerry)
July 19, 1941
Created byWilliam Hanna
Joseph Barbera
Voiced byWilliam Hanna (1940–1958)
Sara Berner (1944–1945)
Billy Bletcher (1945)
Paul Frees (1951, 1956)
Allen Swift (1961–1962)
Mel Blanc (1963–1967)
June Foray (1965–1967)
John Stephenson (1975)
Frank Welker (1980–1981)
Lou Scheimer (1980-1982)
Samuel Vincent (1990–present)
Dana Hill (1993 film) Toshiko Fujita (Japanese dub)
Yoshiko Ota (Japanese dub)
Junko Hori (Japanese dub)
Information
Full nameJerry Mouse
SpeciesMouse
GenderMale
AffiliationTom Cat
FamilyNibbles (ward/nephew)
Relatives

History

Tom and Jerry cartoons

The name "Jerry" was chosen by MGM animator John Carr, who submitted "Tom and Jerry" as potential names for the duo after an important Loews Inc. distributor in Texas asked for follow-ups to Puss Gets the Boot.[1] While the idea of a cat-and-mouse duo was considered shopworn by the 1940s,[1] Hanna and Barbera decided to expand upon the standard expected hunter/prey relationship. Their Jerry Mouse, an "incurable scene stealer",[3] served more or less as the protagonist of most of the films; instead of being a "cowering victim" of his pursuer, Tom, he took delight in besting, and often torturing, his antagonist (though sometimes, Tom is just following orders or is even just minding his own business and is antagonized by Jerry).[1] Hanna and Barbera considered Tom and Jerry "the best of enemies", whose rivalry hid an unspoken amount of mutual respect.[3]

In later Tom and Jerry cartoons, Jerry acquired a young ward: a small grey mouse called "Tuffy" or "Nibbles" depending upon the cartoon,[4][5] who was left on Jerry's doorstep as a foundling baby in the 1946 short The Milky Waif.[5] Jerry and Tuffy were also featured together in a sub-series of Tom and Jerry cartoons set in 17th century France which featured the characters as musketeers.[4] The first of these shorts, The Two Mouseketeers, won the 1951 Academy Award for Best Short Subject: Cartoons.[4]

Hanna and Barbera served as writer/directors of the Tom and Jerry cartoons until 1956, when they also became the producers.[6] Fourteen Tom and Jerry cartoons between 1940 and 1954 were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Short Subject: Cartoons, with seven of the shorts winning that award.[7]:32 MGM shut down its animation department in 1957, but new Tom and Jerry cartoons were produced by Gene Deitch and later Chuck Jones during the 1960s. Jerry would also appear in later Tom and Jerry productions made for television, a series of direct-to-video features, and Tom and Jerry: The Movie, a 1992 theatrical film.[8] Later productions eschewed much of the violence the 1940s and 1950s shorts were known for, and in several of the television shows Jerry was given a red bow tie and a kinder disposition.[9]

Tom and Jerry aren't always enemies; they have been known to team up on occasion.

Anchors Aweigh

On his own, Jerry Mouse appears in a fantasy sequence in the 1945 Gene Kelly MGM musical film Anchors Aweigh.[10] Jerry appears as the ruler of a kingdom where music is banned because he feels he lacks talent, and Kelly persuades the mouse into performing a song-and-dance number with him.[11] Kelly and MGM had originally wanted Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse as Kelly's dance partner for the sequence, but Disney was unwilling to license the character.[12]

Hanna and Barbera achieved the effect of Kelly dancing with Jerry by rotoscoping: live-action plates of Kelly dancing alone were shot first, and the action traced frame by frame so that Jerry's movements would match.[12] The success of the animated segment of Anchors Aweigh, which was noted as "stealing the show" in contemporary trade reviews,[11] led to two more live-action/animated projects for Hanna and Barbera and MGM: an underwater ballet sequence featuring both Tom and Jerry in Esther Williams' 1953 film Dangerous When Wet, and the "Sinbad the Sailor" sequence of Kelly's 1956 film Invitation to the Dance.[12]

Tom & Jerry Kids

In 1990, this version of Jerry wears a red bowtie, and has a tuft of hair on his head. He often taunts Tom (as a kitten) any chance he gets. Sometimes, in a few episodes, he is friends with/allies of Tom.

Voice actors

Jerry has had a number of voice actors over the years. Ever since his debut in Puss Gets the Boot his vocal effects were provided by co-creator William Hanna during the Hanna-Barbera era. Sara Berner also did vocal effects for Jerry in the short Baby Puss (1943) and voiced him in the short The Zoot Cat (1944), as well as Anchors Aweigh (1945) in a dance sequence with him and Gene Kelly. Billy Bletcher provided some vocal effects for Jerry in the short Mouse in Manhattan. A sequence in the short The Milky Waif (1946) features Jerry and Nibbles disguising themselves as a pair of black people, in which the former is voiced by Lillian Randolph (same voice as Mammy Two Shoes). Paul Frees did Jerry's speaking voice in the shorts His Mouse Friday (1951) and Blue Cat Blues (1956). When the MGM cartoon studio shut down in 1957, Gene Deitch and European animation studio Rembrandt Studio took over, and voice actor Allen Swift did Jerry's voice during the 1961-62. During the Chuck Jones era in 1963-1967, his voice was provided by Mel Blanc and June Foray. Stan Freberg did his voice in the short The Cat Above and the Mouse Below (1964) and Dale McKennon did Jerry’s singing voice in Cat and Dupli-cat (1967). In The Tom and Jerry Show (1975), Jerry was voiced by John Stephenson. Frank Welker and Lou Scheimer voiced him in The Tom and Jerry Comedy Show (1980-1982), Tom and Jerry Kids (1990-1994), and Tom and Jerry: The Magic Ring (2002). Dana Hill voiced Jerry in Tom and Jerry: The Movie (1992).

Other voice actors include Samuel Vincent in Tom and Jerry Tales (2006-2008) and Alan Marriott in Tom and Jerry in Fists of Furry (2000) and Tom and Jerry in War of the Whiskers (2002). In The Tom and Jerry Show (2014 TV series), Jerry's vocal effects are provided by archival recordings of William Hanna and Mel Blanc from the original theatrical shorts.

Popular culture

Tom and Jerry were planned to appear as a cameo in the deleted scene "Acme's Funeral" from the 1988 film Who Framed Roger Rabbit. [1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Barbera, Joe (1994). My Life in 'Toons: From Flatbush to Bedrock in Under a Century. Atlanta, GA: Turner Publishing. pp. 73–76. ISBN 978-1-57036-042-8.
  2. ^ Hanna, William (2000). A Cast of Friends. Da Capo Press. pp. 39–46. ISBN 978-0-306-80917-0.
  3. ^ a b c Hanna, William (2000). A Cast of Friends. Da Capo Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-7864-0728-6.
  4. ^ a b c Barbera, Joe (1994). My Life in 'Toons: From Flatbush to Bedrock in Under a Century. Atlanta, GA: Turner Publishing. p. 96. ISBN 978-1-57036-042-8.
  5. ^ a b Maltin, Leonard (1987) [1980]. Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons. New York: Plume. pp. 303–304. ISBN 978-0-452-25993-5.
  6. ^ Barrier, Michael (1999). Hollywood Cartoons. New York: Oxford University Press. Pg. 547-548. ISBN 0-19-516729-5.
  7. ^ Vallance, Tom (2006-12-20). "Joseph Barbera: Animation pioneer whose creations with William Hanna included the Flintstones and Tom and Jerry". The Independent (London).
  8. ^ Barbera, Joe (1994). My Life in 'Toons: From Flatbush to Bedrock in Under a Century. Atlanta, GA: Turner Publishing. pp. 234–239. ISBN 978-1-57036-042-8.
  9. ^ Maltin, Leonard (1987) [1980]. Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons. New York: Plume. pp. 306–309. ISBN 978-0-452-25993-5.
  10. ^ Albin Krebbs (February 3, 1996). "Gene Kelly, Dancer of Vigor and Grace, Dies". NY Times. Retrieved 2010-05-13.
  11. ^ a b Hanna, William (2000). A Cast of Friends. Da Capo Press. pp. 61–64. ISBN 978-0-306-80917-0.
  12. ^ a b c Barbera, Joe (1994). My Life in 'Toons: From Flatbush to Bedrock in Under a Century. Atlanta, GA: Turner Publishing. pp. 97–98. ISBN 978-1-57036-042-8.
  13. ^ Webb, Graham (2000). The animated film encyclopedia: a complete guide to American shorts, features and sequences 1900-197. McFarland. pp. 45–50. ISBN 978-0-306-80917-0.
  14. ^ Grimes, William (April 27, 2010). "Allen Swift, Voice Actor for Radio and TV, Dies at 86". The New York Times.
  15. ^ McBride, Joseph (October 2, 1992), "Review of Tom and Jerry: The Movie", Variety, 42: 34–56
A Jax

A Jax (エー・ジャックス), eventually renamed A-Jax, is a vertically scrolling shoot 'em up arcade game released by Konami in December 1987. Similar to Contra and its "Gryzor", there was a European release of the game called Typhoon, which is the name used for Imagine Software's ZX Spectrum, Amstrad CPC, and Commodore 64 ports.

The players control a "Tom Tiger" helicopter (in the 2D stage) and later a "Jerry Mouse" fighter jet (in the 3D stage), and shoot enemies in the air and bomb them on the ground, collecting power-ups and defeating bosses to advance levels.

Advance and Be Mechanized

Advance and Be Mechanized, released in 1967, was the penultimate Tom and Jerry cartoon. It was directed by Ben Washam and produced by Chuck Jones, and is the third and final outer space themed shorts from the Chuck Jones era, following O-Solar Meow, and Guided Mouse-ille both released earlier in 1967. It is the last Tom and Jerry cartoon with Dean Elliott as the music composer.

Anchors Aweigh (film)

Anchors Aweigh is a 1945 American Technicolor musical comedy film directed by George Sidney and starring Frank Sinatra, Kathryn Grayson, and Gene Kelly, with songs by Jule Styne and Sammy Cahn. In the film, two sailors go on a four-day shore leave in Hollywood, meet a young boy and his aunt, an aspiring young singer, and the sailors try to help her get an audition at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. In addition to a live-action Kelly dancing with Jerry Mouse the cartoon mouse, the film also features José Iturbi, Pamela Britton, Dean Stockwell, and Sharon McManus.

Conspiracy Entertainment

Conspiracy Entertainment (formerly Conspiracy Games) is an American third-party developer video game publisher, publishing games from smaller companies that would face difficulties distributing games themselves. The company has also developed a few games of its own.

Ghost Chasers (roller coaster)

Ghost Chasers is a steel wild mouse roller coaster in the Nickland section of Movie Park Germany. The original ride opened in 2000 as Tom and Jerry - Mouse in the House, before the name was changed in 2005 to Mad Manor. The ride has been known as Ghost Chasers since 2008. The ride is based on SpongeBob SquarePants, and is themed to the Flying Dutchman character.

Kenneth Muse

Kenneth Lee Muse (July 26, 1910 – July 26, 1987) was an American animator. He is best known for his work on the Tom and Jerry series at MGM.

List of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon studio films

The following list is a filmography of all animated short subjects distributed by the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) motion picture studio through Loew's Incorporated between 1934 and 1958 and between 1961 and 1967.

Between 1937 and 1957, MGM ran an in-house cartoon studio which produced some of the most popular cartoon series and characters in the world, including Barney Bear, Droopy, Red Hot Riding Hood & The Wolf, Screwy Squirrel, George and Junior, Spike, Spike and Tyke, and their best-known work, Tom and Jerry. Outside producers included Ub Iwerks (1930–34), Hugh Harman and Rudolf Ising (1934–38), William L. Snyder (1961–62), and Chuck Jones (1963–67)

List of Tom and Jerry characters

This is a list of characters in the Tom and Jerry cartoon short series. Most of these characters did not appear in all of the movies.

List of Tom and Jerry video games

The animated cat and mouse duo Tom and Jerry, have appeared in various video games.

Live-action animated film

A live-action animated film is one that combines live action filmmaking with animation.Films that are both live action and computer animated tend to have fictional characters or figures represented and characterized by cast members through motion capture, and then animated and modeled by animators, while films that are live action and traditionally animated use hand-drawn or stop-motion animation.

Sara Berner

Sara Berner (January 12, 1912 – December 19, 1969) was an American actress and voice artist. Noted for her expertise in dialect and characterization, she began her show-business career in vaudeville before becoming a voice actress for radio and animated shorts. She starred in her own 1950 radio show, Sara's Private Caper, and was known for her role as telephone operator Mabel Flapsaddle on The Jack Benny Program.

Columnist Erskine Johnson described Berner in 1944 as "the most famous voice in Hollywood."

The Milky Waif

The Milky Waif is a 1946 American one-reel animated cartoon and is the 24th Tom and Jerry short directed by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, produced by Fred Quimby in Technicolor, released in theaters on May 18, 1946, and re-released in theaters on January 9, 1954 by Metro-Goldwyn Mayer. It was animated by Ed Barge, Kenneth Muse and Michael Lah. The name is a pun on "The Milky Wave" and "The Milky Way".

The Unshrinkable Jerry Mouse

The Unshrinkable Jerry Mouse is a 1964 cartoon directed and produced by Chuck Jones. The title is a play on words on The Unsinkable Molly Brown, a popular Broadway musical that was made into a feature film, also in 1964.

The cartoon is essentially a Claude Cat and Marc Antony and Pussyfoot cartoon reworked for Tom and Jerry; most of the production staff on this cartoon had also developed those characters. Many of the gags were inspired by Warner Bros. cartoons of a similar theme to this short, such as Feline Frame-Up (1954), Feed the Kitty (1952), and Two's a Crowd (1950), which were mostly written by Michael Maltese and directed by Chuck Jones.

Tom Cat

Thomas "Tom" Cat is a fictional character and one of the title characters (the other being Jerry Mouse) in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's series of Tom and Jerry theatrical animated short films. Created by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, Tom is a grey and white anthropomorphic domestic short haired Tuxedo cat who first appeared in the 1940 MGM animated short Puss Gets the Boot Tom was originally known as "Jasper" during his debut in that short; however, beginning with his next appearance in The Midnight Snack he is known as "Tom" or "Thomas".

Tom and Jerry Meet Sherlock Holmes

Tom and Jerry Meet Sherlock Holmes is a 2010 animated mystery comedy direct-to-video film starring Tom and Jerry produced by Warner Bros. Animation. In the city of London, a crook is stealing jewels around the Scotland Yard, and Red, a beautiful singer, is being framed for this crime. Tom and Jerry, as assistants, must help Sherlock Holmes look for clues and track down the real thief to solve this case.

Since its release, it has also aired on Cartoon Network as part of their regular rotation of Tom and Jerry cartoons. The film is also known as Tom e Jerry e Sherlock Holmes (Portugal) and Tom e Jerry: Uma Aventura com Sherlock Holmes (Brazil). This is the first Tom and Jerry direct-to-video (to star or feature Tom and Jerry) film since 2007's Tom and Jerry: A Nutcracker Tale, and it also marks the first animated appearances of Tom and Jerry since Tom and Jerry Tales. Tuffy normally has the same French accent he had in the Two Mouseketeer shorts. This time, voiced by Kath Soucie, he has a Scottish Irish accent.

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