Jeremy Mackenzie

General Sir Jeremy John George Mackenzie, GCB, OBE, DL (born 11 February 1941) is a retired senior British Army officer who served as Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe from 1994 to 1998.

Sir Jeremy Mackenzie
Born11 February 1941 (age 78)
Nairobi, Kenya
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1959–1999
RankGeneral
Commands heldDeputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe (1994–98)
Allied Command Europe Rapid Reaction Corps (1992–94)
1st British Corps (1991–92)
4th Armoured Division (1989–91)
Staff College, Camberley (1989)
12th Armoured Brigade (1984–86)
1st Battalion Queen’s Own Highlanders (1980–81)
Battles/warsBrunei Rebellion
The Troubles
Bosnian War
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Mentioned in Despatches
Officer of the Legion of Merit (United States)
Cross of Merit First Class (Czech Republic)
Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit (Hungary)

Early life

Mackenzie was born on 11 February 1941 in Nairobi, Kenya, the son of Lieutenant Colonel John W.E. Mackenzie of the Seaforth Highlanders. He was educated at the Duke of York School, Nairobi and the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.[1]

Military career

Mackenzie was commissioned into the Queen’s Own Highlanders in July 1961,[2] and posted to the 1st Battalion in Singapore. He took part in putting down the Brunei Rebellion in 1962 and later served in a training capacity with the SAS. He was appointed Commanding Officer of the 1st Battalion in 1980.[2] After graduating from the Staff College, Camberley, he was made a Company Commander with the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders in Northern Ireland and Brigade Major of the 24th Airportable Brigade. He was then second-in-command of the Queen’s Own Highlanders in South Armagh, being obliged to take command when the commanding officer was killed in the Warrenpoint ambush of 1979.[1]

In 1980/81 he commanded the 1st Battalion Queen's Own Highlanders in Hong Kong and was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire. He then spent a few years as an instructor at the Army Staff College, Camberley and served on the Staff at the Ministry of Defence as a colonel. In 1984 he was promoted brigadier and made Commander of the 12th Armoured Brigade and, from March 1989, Commandant of the Staff College, Camberley. He then was made major general and General Officer Commanding 4th Armoured Division in December 1989,[2] and on 2 December 1991 appointed the last Commander of 1st (British) Corps with the acting rank of lieutenant general.[3] He was knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in December 1991.[4]

In 1992 he formed the Allied Command Europe Rapid Reaction Corps and became its first Commander.[2] In 1994 he was promoted full general in 1994 and given the post of Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe with special responsibility for the Partnership for Peace Program and the Expansion of NATO, and responsible for coordinating 52,000 troops from 34 nations who moved into Bosnia and Herzegovina.[5] He was also given the colonelcy of the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) from 1994 to 2001.[6]

He was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in 1999, having previously been awarded the US Legion of Merit twice in 1997 and 1999, the Czech Republic's Cross of Merit First Class, and the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary in 1998. He was also an Aide de Camp General to the Queen from 1992 to 1996,[2] Governor of the Royal Hospital Chelsea from August 1999 to September 2006,[7][8] and a Deputy Lieutenant of Greater London.[9] He retired from the army in 1999.[2]

Retirement

In retirement Mackenzie became chairman of UK Gear (a footwear manufacturer),[1] and chairman of AC Cars (a car manufacturer).[10] He also became a director of Blue Hackle (a security business).[11]

Private life

He married Elizabeth Lyon (née Wertenbaker) and has a son and a daughter.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b c "UK Gear is delighted to announce the appointment of General Sir Jeremy Mackenzie (retired) as its Chairman". 1 August 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Blue Hackle
  3. ^ "No. 52732". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 December 1991. p. 18536.
  4. ^ "No. 52767". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1991. p. 2.
  5. ^ Enabling operation
  6. ^ "The Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons)". Regiments.og. Archived from the original on 9 February 2006. Retrieved 28 February 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  7. ^ "No. 55590". The London Gazette. 24 August 1999. p. 9174.
  8. ^ Registered Charities
  9. ^ "No. 58021". The London Gazette. 24 August 2006. p. 8345.
  10. ^ "Fresh start for AC Cars". The Telegraph. 28 May 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
  11. ^ "Blue Hackle Board of Directors". Retrieved 23 May 2014.
  12. ^ The International Who's Who 2004.
Military offices
Preceded by
John Learmont
Commandant of the Staff College, Camberley
March–December 1989
Succeeded by
William Rous
Preceded by
William Rous
GOC 4th Armoured Division
1989–1991
Succeeded by
Anthony Denison-Smith
Preceded by
Sir Charles Guthrie
GOC 1st (British) Corps
1991–1992
Post disbanded
New title Commander Allied Command Europe Rapid Reaction Corps
1992–1994
Succeeded by
Sir Michael Walker
Preceded by
Sir John Waters
Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe
1994–1998
Succeeded by
Sir Rupert Smith
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Brian Kenny
Governor, Royal Hospital Chelsea
1999–2006
Succeeded by
The Lord Walker of Aldringham
4th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 4th Infantry Division was a regular infantry division of the British Army with a very long history, seeing active service in the Peninsular War, the Crimean War, the First World War, and during the Second World War. It was disbanded after the war and reformed in the 1950s as an armoured formation before being disbanded and reformed again and finally disbanded on 1 January 2012.

Allied Rapid Reaction Corps

The Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) is a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation High Readiness Force (Land) Headquarters ready for deployment worldwide.

Anthony Denison-Smith

Lieutenant General Sir Anthony Arthur Denison-Smith, (born 1942) is a former British Army officer who commanded the 1st (UK) Armoured Division.

Brian Kenny (British Army officer)

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Hollywood Potato Chip

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I Corps (United Kingdom)

I Corps ("First Corps") was an army corps in existence as an active formation in the British Army for most of the 80 years from its creation in the First World War until the end of the Cold War, longer than any other corps. It had a short-lived precursor during the Waterloo Campaign.

John Learmont

General Sir John Hartley Learmont (born 10 March 1934) is a former British Army officer who served as Quartermaster-General to the Forces.

John Waters (British Army officer, born 1935)

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Michael Walker, Baron Walker of Aldringham

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As a major general, Walker was appointed General Officer Commanding, Eastern District, before becoming Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff at the Ministry of Defence. He took command of NATO's Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC), which deployed to the Balkans in 1995, Walker becoming the first officer to command the land component of the NATO-led Implementation Force. For his service with the multi-national forces in the Balkans, he was awarded the American Legion of Merit. After relinquishing command of the ARRC, Walker spent three years as Commander in Chief, Land Command, before being appointed Chief of the General Staff—the professional head of the British Army—in 2000. In 2003, he was promoted to Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS)—the professional head of all the British Armed Forces. While CDS, Walker attracted controversy during the modernisation of the armed forces, over allegations of prisoner abuse during the Iraq War, and over comments that the media coverage of Iraq may have endangered British troops.

Walker retired in 2006 and was subsequently appointed Governor of the Royal Hospital Chelsea, a post he held until 2011. He is married and has three children.

Order of the Bath

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. The name derives from the elaborate medieval ceremony for appointing a knight, which involved bathing (as a symbol of purification) as one of its elements. The knights so created were known as "Knights of the Bath". George I "erected the Knights of the Bath into a regular Military Order". He did not (as is commonly believed) revive the Order of the Bath, since it had never previously existed as an Order, in the sense of a body of knights who were governed by a set of statutes and whose numbers were replenished when vacancies occurred.The Order consists of the Sovereign (currently Queen Elizabeth II), the Great Master (currently Charles, Prince of Wales, and three Classes of members:

Knight Grand Cross (GCB) or Dame Grand Cross (GCB)

Knight Commander (KCB) or Dame Commander (DCB)

Companion (CB)Members belong to either the Civil or the Military Division. Prior to 1815, the order had only a single class, Knight Companion (KB), which no longer exists. Recipients of the Order are now usually senior military officers or senior civil servants. Commonwealth citizens who are not subjects of the Queen and foreign nationals may be made Honorary Members.The Order of the Bath is the fourth-most senior of the British Orders of Chivalry, after The Most Noble Order of the Garter, The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, and The Most Illustrious Order of St Patrick (dormant).

Royal Hospital Chelsea

The Royal Hospital Chelsea is a retirement home and nursing home for some 300 veterans of the British Army. Founded as an almshouse, the ancient sense of the word "hospital", it is a 66-acre (27 ha) site located on Royal Hospital Road in Chelsea. It is an independent charity and relies partly upon donations to cover day-to-day running costs to provide care and accommodation for veterans.

Any man or woman who is over the age of 65 and served as a regular soldier may apply to become a Chelsea Pensioner (i.e. a resident), if they have found themselves in a time of need and are "of good character". They must not, however, have any dependent spouse or family, and former Officers must have served at least 12 years in the ranks before receiving a commission.

The gardens of the Royal Hospital are Grade II listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.

Searching for Jerry Garcia

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Staff College, Camberley

Staff College, Camberley, Surrey, was a staff college for the British Army and the presidency armies of British India (later merged to form the Indian Army). It had its origins in the Royal Military College, High Wycombe founded in 1799, which in 1802 became the Senior Department of the new Royal Military College. In 1858 the name of the Senior Department was changed to "Staff College", and in 1870 this was separated from the Royal Military College. Apart from periods of closure during major wars, the Staff College continued to operate until 1997, when it was merged into the new Joint Services Command and Staff College. The equivalent in the Royal Navy was the Royal Naval Staff College, Greenwich and the equivalent in the Royal Air Force was the RAF Staff College, Bracknell.

Superhero (Brian McKnight album)

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Superhero debuted at number seven on the Billboard 200 albums chart, moving 153,000 units in its first week. On October 24, 2001, the album was certified Gold by the RIAA. In 2002, three singles off of the album were nominated for four Grammy Awards.

Supreme Allied Commander Europe

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SACEUR has always been held by a U.S. military officer, and the position is dual-hatted with that of Commander of United States European Command.

The current SACEUR is General Tod D. Wolters of the United States Air Force.

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Wicked Wonderland (album)

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