Jeremy Guthrie

Jeremy Shane Guthrie (born April 8, 1979) is an American former professional baseball pitcher. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Cleveland Indians, Baltimore Orioles, Colorado Rockies, Kansas City Royals, and Washington Nationals.

Jeremy Guthrie
Jeremy Guthrie on May 25, 2015
Guthrie with the Kansas City Royals
Born: April 8, 1979 (age 40)
Roseburg, Oregon
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
August 28, 2004, for the Cleveland Indians
Last MLB appearance
April 8, 2017, for the Washington Nationals
MLB statistics
Win–loss record91–109
Earned run average4.42

Early life and education

Guthrie was born in Roseburg, Oregon[1] and grew up in Ashland, Oregon. As a youth, he attained the rank of Eagle Scout in the Boy Scouts of America.[2] Guthrie attended Ashland High School, where he excelled in basketball, football, baseball, as well as the classroom, where he was class valedictorian. After high school, he attended Brigham Young University before transferring to Stanford University, where he was a starting pitcher on their baseball team. At Stanford, Guthrie studied sociology; he continues to pursue his degree in the offseason.

Baseball career


Guthrie was the ace of the Stanford University staff and formed a battery with Ryan Garko. He pitched in the regionals that season against MAAC champion Marist College in the first game and won 5–3. Stanford reached the 2001 College World Series final in Omaha, but lost 12–1 in the Championship to the Miami Hurricanes.

Cleveland Indians

Guthrie was the first-round selection (22nd overall) of the Cleveland Indians in the 2002 Major League Baseball draft.[3] He signed with the Indians on October 3, 2002.[4] His four-year, $4 million contract included a $3 million signing bonus.[5]

Guthrie made his major league debut in 2004, appearing in 6 games for the Indians. Guthrie spent the majority of the 2005 season in the minors. He appeared in the majors for just 1 game, pitching 6 innings while allowing 4 runs.

Guthrie spent most of 2006 season with the Triple-A Buffalo Bisons, but was twice called up to the majors to join the Cleveland Indians as a relief pitcher. He wore jersey number 57 for both the Bisons and the Indians. After being removed from the 40-man roster following the signing of Trot Nixon and with no remaining Minor League options, he was designated for assignment on January 19, 2007.[5]

Jeremy Guthrie on August 8, 2011
Guthrie during his tenure with the Baltimore Orioles in 2011

Baltimore Orioles

Guthrie was claimed off waivers by the Baltimore Orioles on January 29, 2007.[5] Upon joining the team, he requested and was granted permission to wear uniform number 46 from then-executive vice president of baseball operations Mike Flanagan, who had worn it during his playing career with the ballclub.[6] After starting the year in the Baltimore Orioles' bullpen and then moving into the starting rotation, Guthrie enjoyed a breakout year in 2007, becoming one of the best and most consistent pitchers in the American League. Through June 21 that year, he ranked 2nd in ERA and allowed more than two earned runs in just 1 out of 10 starts.[7] He was also first in the AL in WHIP.

Through the end of July 2007, Guthrie had a 7-3 record in 17 starts to go with a sparkling 2.89 ERA and a 1.027 WHIP (second only to two-time Cy Young Award winner Johan Santana), albeit in only 124.7 innings of work. Guthrie's rise to unexpected success in the first half of the season led to consideration for the American League's Rookie of the Year Award. He finished the year 7-5 in 32 starts.

In August 2008, Guthrie recorded his first career complete game, defeating the Seattle Mariners 3–1. Throughout the 2008 season, Guthrie emerged as the staff ace of the Baltimore Orioles. Guthrie finished the season with a 3.63 ERA, going 10-12 for the O's.

Guthrie pitched for Team USA in the 2009 World Baseball Classic. Guthrie pitched on Opening Day for the Orioles against the New York Yankees before a record Opening Day crowd at Camden Yards. Guthrie pitched six innings and gave up three runs. The 2009 season wasn't Guthrie's best, as his ERA ballooned to 5.04 and he led the league in losses with 17.

Guthrie rebounded in 2010, winning a career-high 11 games despite losing 14 and lowering his ERA to 3.83 in 32 starts. Despite topping over 200 innings for the third straight season in 2011, Guthrie led the league in losses with 17.

Colorado Rockies

Jeremy Guthrie 15 Pitching
Guthrie pitching for the Colorado Rockies in 2012

On February 6, 2012, Guthrie was traded to the Rockies for pitchers Matt Lindstrom and Jason Hammel.[8]

Guthrie battled through inconsistency and a mental lapse while pitching in Coors Field, registering an ERA over 8 at home for the Rockies. In 19 games, Guthrie had an ERA of 6.35. His record was 3-9 in his short stay with Colorado.

Kansas City Royals

On July 20, 2012, Guthrie was traded to the Royals for left-handed starter Jonathan Sánchez. He proved to be the Royals' best pitcher in the second half of the season, posting a record of 5-3 with a 3.16 ERA in 14 starts.[9] On November 20, Guthrie inked a 3-year, $25 million deal with the Royals through 2015. Guthrie earned $5 million in 2013, $11 million in 2014, and $9 million in the contract's final year.[9]

Guthrie logged the most innings of his career during the 2013 season with 211⅔. He finished with a 15-12 record and a 4.04 ERA. During the 2014 season Guthrie posted a 4.13 ERA over 202.2 innings and finished the regular season with a record of 13-11. He also appeared in the postseason for the first time in his career. In Game 3 of the ALCS against his former team, the Baltimore Orioles, he allowed one run over five innings and got a no-decision in the Royals victory. He made two starts in the 2014 World Series against the San Francisco Giants, going 1-1.

On May 25, 2015, Guthrie had the worst start of his career, and one of the worst starts in MLB history, against the New York Yankees. Guthrie gave up nine hits, 11 earned runs, and three walks. Thirteen of the 16 batters he faced reached base, and he recorded just three outs before being pulled. Guthrie was the first pitcher since Jae Kuk Ryu in 2006 to give up four home runs while pitching fewer than two innings. On August 22, the Royals demoted Guthrie to the bullpen to make room in the rotation for Kris Medlen. Guthrie finished 8-8 with an ERA of 5.95. He walked 44 batters and struck out just 84 in 148⅓ innings pitched.

Texas Rangers

On February 20, 2016, Guthrie signed a minor league deal with the Texas Rangers.[10] He was released on March 28.[11]

San Diego Padres

On April 1, 2016, Guthrie signed a minor league contract with the San Diego Padres.[12] He was released on June 3, 2016.

Miami Marlins

Guthrie and the Marlins agreed to a minor league contract on June 27, 2016. After he struggled at the AAA level and the Marlins acquired starting pitching depth, the Marlins released Guthrie from his minor league deal on July 31, 2016.

Melbourne Aces

On December 5, 2016, Guthrie signed with the Melbourne Aces of the Australian Baseball League.[13]

Washington Nationals

On February 3, 2017, Guthrie signed a minor league deal with the Washington Nationals and received an invitation to spring training.[14] Although he began the 2017 season in the minor leagues despite an impressive showing in spring camp, he was called up on April 8, 2017, to start against the Philadelphia Phillies at Citizens Bank Park.[15] Making his first start with the Nationals on his 38th birthday, Guthrie struggled immensely as he was removed from the game after getting only two outs in the first inning. He allowed 10 runs, and the Nationals lost 17-3.[16][17][18][19] As in 2015, he had one of the worst starts in MLB history. After his outing, his ERA for the year was 135.00. The next day, the Nationals designated Guthrie for assignment and called up Matt Albers.[20][21][22]

Acereros de Monclova

On May 18, 2017, Guthrie signed with the Acereros de Monclova of the Mexican Baseball League. He was released on June 2, 2017. He announced his retirement from the MLB on July 31, 2017.[23]

Personal life

Guthrie is a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and he served for two years as a missionary for the church in Spain.[24][25] He lives in Portland, Oregon, with his wife, Jenny and they are the parents of three children.[25][26][27]

As announced by the LDS Church on February 1, 2018, Guthrie began a three-year assignment as president of its Texas Houston South Mission in July 2018.[28]

Guthrie was born to a Japanese American mother from Hawaii.[29] He is a yonsei or fourth generation Japanese American, but does not speak Japanese nor has he visited Japan.[30]


  1. ^ Padilla, Doug (October 1, 2015). "Jeremy Guthrie: Mass shooting in hometown 'an unimaginable loss'". ESPN. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  2. ^ Williams IV, John-John (July 17, 2010). "Celebrating 100 years of the Boy Scouts". The Baltimore Sun. p. 2. Archived from the original on January 6, 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2010.
  3. ^ "2002 Major League Baseball draft, Rounds 1–10 – Pro Sports Transactions". November 20, 2002. Retrieved September 26, 2012.
  4. ^ "Indians finally sign top draft pick, Stanford pitcher Guthrie". ESPN. October 3, 2002. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  5. ^ a b c Castrovince, Anthony (January 29, 2007). "Indians lose Guthrie to O's via waivers". Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  6. ^ Schelling, Jordan (August 25, 2011). "Guthrie delivers as O's win with heavy hearts"., excerpt via Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  7. ^ Fordin, Spencer (June 21, 2007). "Quick start, Guthrie snap nine-game skid". Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  8. ^ Gilbert, Steve (February 6, 2012). "Rox acquire Guthrie in trade with Orioles". Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  9. ^ a b Kaegel, Dick (November 20, 2012). "Guthrie happy to stay in KC, inks three-year deal". via KC Royals team website. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
  10. ^ "Jeremy Guthrie signs with Texas Rangers". February 21, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  11. ^ Sullivan, T.R. (March 28, 2016). "Rangers release veteran pitcher Guthrie". Retrieved March 28, 2016.
  12. ^ Wilmoth, Charlie (April 1, 2016). "Padres To Sign Jeremy Guthrie To Minor-League Deal". Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  13. ^ "Aces to secure World Series starter". December 5, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
  14. ^ Adler, David (February 3, 2017). "Nats sign Guthrie to Minors deal with spring invite". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
  15. ^ Zuckerman, Mark (April 8, 2017). "Game 5 lineups: Nats at Phillies". MASN Sports. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
  16. ^ Pants, Nick. "Jeremy Guthrie's birthday start against the Phillies was an absolute tragedy". SB Nation. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
  17. ^ Axisa, Mike. "Phillies welcome Jeremy Guthrie back to the big leagues with a 12-run first inning". CBS Sports. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
  18. ^ Span, Emma. "Jeremy Guthrie's return to majors quickly turns to disaster as Phillies drub Nationals". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
  19. ^ Reddington, Patrick. "Jeremy Guthrie's return to majors goes pear-shaped: Washington Nationals drop 17–3 decision to Philadelphia Phillies". Federal Sports. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
  20. ^
  21. ^ Polishuk, Mark. "Nationals Designate Jeremy Guthrie For Assignment". MLB Trade Rumors. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
  22. ^ "Nationals designate Jeremy Guthrie for assignment". ESPN. Retrieved April 9, 2017.
  23. ^ Todd, Jeff. "Jeremy Guthrie Announces Retirement". Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  24. ^ Toone, Trent (April 27, 2011). "Mormons in professional baseball". Deseret News. Mormon Times. Archived from the original on April 30, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  25. ^ a b Martin, Ross (November 4, 2014). "Royals' Guthrie speaks at Platte City LDS church days after World Series loss". The Platte County Citizen. Archived from the original on October 4, 2015. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  26. ^ Connolly, Dan (July 20, 2010). "Notebook; Around the horn". The Baltimore Sun. p. 5 Sports.
  27. ^ Kerzel, Pete (March 31, 2017). "Roster spot within his grasp, Guthrie is at peace with whatever happens". MASN Sports. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
  28. ^ "2018 LDS Mission Presidents | Deseret News". Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  29. ^ DiComo, Anthony (November 15, 2014). "Royals pitcher Jeremy Guthrie reconnects with family, heritage in Japan". Major League Baseball. Retrieved December 22, 2016.
  30. ^ "Guthrie-Ishikawa World Series Matchup Could Be Ethnic Milestone". NBC News. Retrieved January 28, 2019.

External links

1997 Major League Baseball draft

The 1997 First-Year Player Draft, Major League Baseball's annual amateur draft of high school and college baseball players, was held on June 2 and 3, 1997. A total of 1607 players were drafted over the course of 92 rounds.

1997 New York Mets season

The New York Mets' 1997 season was the 36th regular season for the Mets. They went 88-74 and finished 3rd in the NL East. They were managed by Bobby Valentine. They played home games at Shea Stadium.

2001 Pittsburgh Pirates season

The 2001 Pittsburgh Pirates season was the 120th season of the franchise; the 115th in the National League. This was their first season at PNC Park. The Pirates finished sixth and last in the National League Central with a record of 62–100, their first 100 loss season since 1952. The year also saw longtime Pirate Bill Mazeroski inducted into the Hall of Fame.

2002 College Baseball All-America Team

An All-American team is an honorary sports team composed of the best amateur players of a specific season for each team position—who in turn are given the honorific "All-America" and typically referred to as "All-American athletes", or simply "All-Americans". Although the honorees generally do not compete together as a unit, the term is used in U.S. team sports to refer to players who are selected by members of the national media. Walter Camp selected the first All-America team in the early days of American football in 1889.The NCAA recognizes four different All-America selectors for the 2002 college baseball season: the American Baseball Coaches Association (since 1947), Baseball America (since 1981), Collegiate Baseball (since 1991), and the National Collegiate Baseball Writers Association (since 2001).

2002 Major League Baseball draft

The 2002 First-Year Player Draft, Major League Baseball's annual amateur draft, was held on June 4 and 5.

It is featured in Michael Lewis' 2003 book Moneyball.

2008 Baltimore Orioles season

The Baltimore Orioles entered the 2008 season led by Dave Trembley, now starting his first full season as manager. President of Baseball Operations Andy MacPhail continued the rebuilding process. Superstars Miguel Tejada and Érik Bédard were traded for younger talent and there were talks of Brian Roberts, but he was not traded.

The Baltimore Orioles posted a record of 68–93 and finished in last place in the AL East for the first time since the 1988 season.

Closer Chris Ray missed the entire season after Tommy John surgery, and so did his replacement Danys Báez. Left-hander George Sherrill, acquired from the Mariners, was named the team's closer for the 2008 season and became the lone representative for the 2008 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, while Jeremy Guthrie was the Opening Day starter after an impressive rookie season and several solid spring training outings.

2009 World Baseball Classic

The 2009 World Baseball Classic was an international baseball competition. It began on March 5 and finished March 23.

Unlike in 2006, when the round-robin format of the first two rounds led to some eliminations being decided by run-difference tiebreakers, the first two rounds of the 2009 edition were modified double-elimination format. The modification was that the final game of each bracket was winner-take-all, even if won by the team emerging from the loser's bracket, although that game only affected seeding, as two teams always advanced from each bracket.

The biggest surprise in the first round was the Netherlands, which twice defeated the Dominican Republic in Pool D to advance. The second round saw the two Pool A teams (South Korea and Japan) defeat the two Pool B teams (Cuba and Mexico) while the two Pool C teams (Venezuela and the United States) defeated the two Pool D teams (Puerto Rico and the Netherlands). South Korea and Japan then advanced to the final game, playing each other for the fifth time in the tournament (split 2–2 up to that time), and Japan emerged victorious for the second straight Classic, winning the final game 5–3 in 10 innings.

For the second straight Classic, Daisuke Matsuzaka was named the Most Valuable Player of the tournament.

2010 Baltimore Orioles season

The Baltimore Orioles 2010 season was the 110th season in franchise history.

2011 Baltimore Orioles season

The Baltimore Orioles' 2011 season was the 111th season in franchise history, the 58th in Baltimore, and the 20th at Oriole Park at Camden Yards. It also marked the last year of a streak of fourteen consecutive losing seasons dating back to 1998.

2012 Colorado Rockies season

The Colorado Rockies' 2012 season was the franchise's 20th in Major League Baseball. It involved the Rockies' 18th season of playing their home games at Coors Field.

2012 Kansas City Royals season

The Kansas City Royals' season of 2012 was the 44th for the Royals franchise. The Royals hosted the 83rd MLB All-Star Game on July 10 at Kauffman Stadium, where the team played its 40th season of home games. The Royals finished 72-90, 3rd place in the AL Central.

Prior to the 2013 Kansas City Royals season (during the offseason), the Royals donated over $4 million in funds raised during the 2012 All-Star game for various projects in the Kansas City area communities, including building two baseball facilities for disabled children.[1][2]

Alex Gordon signed a $37.5 million four-year deal with the Royals.

Jeremy Guthrie signed a $25 million three-year deal in November 2012 to stay with the Royals.

2013 Kansas City Royals season

The Kansas City Royals' season of 2013 was the 45th for the Royals franchise which began on April 1, 2013 against the Chicago White Sox.

After a winning record in spring training (setting a team and MLB record), the Royals remained over .500 nearly most of April during regular season play. The team also didn't commit an error in their first seven games (for 64 2/3 innings) for the first time in team history. On September 22, the Royals won their 82nd game of the season, to clinch their 2nd winning season since 1994 and first since 2003.

2014 World Series

The 2014 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball's (MLB) 2014 season. The 110th edition of the World Series, it was a best-of-seven playoff between the National League (NL) champion San Francisco Giants and the American League (AL) champion Kansas City Royals. The series was played between October 21 to 29. The Giants defeated the Royals four games to three to clinch their third World Series championship in a five-season span (2010–14), and their third overall since the club's move to San Francisco from New York. It was the Giants' eighth World Series championship in franchise history.

The Giants won Game 1 behind a strong pitching performance by Madison Bumgarner while the Royals won Games 2 and 3 as their pitchers limited San Francisco to 2 runs per game. The Giants won Games 4 and 5, thanks to 11 runs in Game 4 and Bumgarner's complete game shutout in Game 5. Kansas City tied the series in Game 6, shutting out San Francisco and scoring 10 runs, which forced a Game 7. The Giants won the final game, 3–2, thanks to timely hitting, including the game-winning RBI by Michael Morse to score Pablo Sandoval. Bumgarner pitched five shutout innings in relief on two days' rest to clinch the championship, claiming the series MVP award. Kansas City would somewhat get a measure of revenge by winning the World Series the following year.

BYU Cougars baseball

The BYU Cougars baseball team is a varsity intercollegiate athletic team of Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah, United States. The team is a member of the West Coast Conference, which is part of the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division I. BYU's first baseball team was fielded in 1909. The team plays its home games at Larry H. Miller Field in Provo, Utah. The Cougars are coached by Mike Littlewood.

Colorado Rockies all-time roster

This list is complete and up-to-date as of December 31, 2014.The following is a list of players, both past and current, who appeared at least in one game for the Colorado Rockies franchise.

Eduardo Escobar

Eduardo José Escobar (born January 5, 1989) is a Venezuelan professional baseball third baseman and shortstop for the Arizona Diamondbacks of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played for the Chicago White Sox and Minnesota Twins.

Joe Ross (baseball)

Joseph Andrew Ross (born May 21, 1993) is an American professional baseball pitcher for the Washington Nationals of Major League Baseball (MLB).

List of Baltimore Orioles Opening Day starting pitchers

The Baltimore Orioles are a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in Baltimore, Maryland. They play in the American League East division. The Orioles started playing in Baltimore in 1954, after moving from St. Louis, where they were known as the St. Louis Browns. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. The Orioles have used 33 different Opening Day starting pitchers in their 60 seasons since moving to Baltimore. The 33 starters have a combined Opening Day record of 22 wins, 18 losses and 17 no decisions. No decisions are only awarded to the starting pitcher if the game is won or lost after the starting pitcher has left the game.The first Opening Day for the Orioles was played in Detroit against the Detroit Tigers on April 13, 1954. Don Larsen was the Orioles' Opening Day starting pitcher that day, in a game the Orioles lost 3–0. Jim Palmer and Mike Mussina have made the most Opening Day starts for the Baltimore Orioles, with six apiece. Palmer has a record of five wins and one loss in his Opening Day starts, and Mussina has a record of three wins, two losses and one no decision. Dave McNally made five Opening Day starts for the Orioles, with a record of three wins and no losses. Other Oriole pitchers who have made multiple Opening Day starts are Steve Barber, Rodrigo López, and Jeremy Guthrie, with three apiece, and Milt Pappas, Dennis Martínez, Mike Flanagan, Mike Boddicker, and Rick Sutcliffe, with two apiece. Flanagan's two Opening Day starts occurred eight years apart, in 1978 and 1986.Palmer has the most Opening Day wins for the Orioles, with five. McNally's record of three wins and no losses in Opening Day starts gave him a 1.000 winning percentage, the highest in Orioles history. Flanagan's record of no wins and two losses is the lowest winning percentage of any Orioles' Opening Day starting pitcher. Flanagan and Mussina are the only pitchers to have two losses for the Orioles in Opening Day starts.The Orioles have played in two home ballparks. Memorial Stadium was their home park until 1991, and Camden Yards has been their home park since 1992. Orioles' Opening Day starting pitchers had a record of eight wins, eight losses and eight no decisions in 24 Opening Day starts in Memorial Stadium. They have a record of ten wins, four losses and two no decisions in 15 Opening Day starts at Camden Yards. This makes their aggregate record in Opening Day starts at home 18 wins, 12 losses and 10 no decisions. Their record in Opening Day starts on the road is four wins, six losses and seven no decisions, for an aggregate Opening Day record of 22 wins, 18 losses and 16 no decisions. The Orioles played in the World Series in 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1979 and 1983, winning in 1966, 1970 and 1983. Their Opening Day starting pitchers in those years were Steve Barber (1966), Dave McNally (1969, 1970 and 1971), Jim Palmer (1979) and Dennis Martínez (1983).

List of Cleveland Indians first-round draft picks

The Cleveland Indians are a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in Cleveland, Ohio. They play in the American League Central division. Since the institution of MLB's Rule 4 Draft, the Indians have selected 66 players in the first round. Officially known as the "First-Year Player Draft", the Rule 4 Draft is MLB's primary mechanism for assigning amateur baseball players from high schools, colleges, and other amateur baseball clubs to its teams. The draft order is determined based on the previous season's standings, with the team possessing the worst record receiving the first pick. In addition, teams which lost free agents in the previous off-season may be awarded compensatory or supplementary picks.Of the 58 players picked in the first round by Cleveland, 25 have been pitchers, the most of any position; 16 of them were right-handed, while 9 were left-handed. Eleven outfielders, ten shortstops, four third basemen, four first basemen, three catchers, and one second basemen were also taken. The team also drafted one player, Glenn Tufts (1973), who played as an infielder. Twelve of the players came from high schools or universities in the state of California, and Texas follows with eight players. The Indians have also drafted two players from their home state of Ohio.None of the Indians' first-round picks have won a World Series championship with the team, and no pick has been elected to the Hall of Fame. None of these picks have won the MLB Rookie of the Year award, although Manny Ramirez (1991) placed second in the voting in 1994. CC Sabathia (1998) is the only first-round pick of the Indians to earn a Cy Young Award with the team, winning in 2007. The Indians have never held the first overall pick in the draft, but have selected players with the second overall pick five times.The Indians have made 11 selections in the supplemental round of the draft and 15 compensatory picks since the institution of the First-Year Player Draft in 1965. These additional picks are provided when a team loses a particularly valuable free agent in the previous off-season, or, more recently, if a team fails to sign a draft pick from the previous year. The Indians have failed to sign three of their first-round picks: John Curtis (1966), Calvin Murray (1989), and Alan Horne (2001). The Indians received no compensation for failing to sign Curtis, but received the 39th pick in 1990 and the 41st pick in 2002 for failing to sign Murray and Horne, respectively.


This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.