Jens Galschiøt

Jens Galschiøt, (Born 4 June 1954), is a Danish sculptor best known for the Pillar of Shame. Galschiøt moved to Odense in 1973, and in 1985 he opened a 2000 square metre combined foundry, studio, Gallery Galschiøt and sculpture park.[1] In 1990, Galschiøt, Erik Mortensen and Jean Voigt, created the sculpture The Ringwearer's Jacket, which was commissioned by the Clothing Industry's Union of Denmark for Queen Margrethe II’s 50th birthday. Galschiøt contributed work to the Seville Expo '92.

Jens Galschiot is a complex artist whose work incorporates elements of installation art, conceptual art, happening, performance art, and Street Art with clear references to "social sculptures" (Joseph Beuys), Symbolism and Art Nouveau. Jens Galschiot mainly works with sculptures to fight the injustice in the world, and puts them up in big squares and cities all around the world. The sculptures are mainly made in bronze and paid for with his own money.

In 1997, he created the Pillar of Shame in Hong Kong.[2] This became the start of a series of sculptures with the same name when he created a second in Mexico in 1999 and a third in Brazil in 2000.

In 2008, Galschiøt started The Color Orange campaign against human rights violations in China. He was denied entry to Hong Kong, where he had intended to paint the Pillar of Shame orange.[3]

Jens Galschiøt
Voa Jens Galschiot 18may09
Jens Galschiøt, 2009
Born4 June 1954 (age 64)
Known forSculpture
Notable work
Pillar of Shame series

Works for awards

Jens Galschiøt has made several works for awards over the past years, and many are given annually. Some of them are mentioned here:

The Showbiz of 1993. A mask of bronze. The prize is given once a year by the Kolding Theatre to an outstanding character in cultural life.

Wing. Sculpture for the Phoenix Architectural Competition, ‘Function and Form 1991’.

Hans Christian Andersen Prize.[4] Every year since 1996 Galschiot has made a copper casting of Andersen's book The Adventures of my Life. A poem of Andersen and the name of the prize receiver are engraved. The sculpture is awarded to three persons who have contributed to the propagation of the storyteller's works. The prize has been awarded, among others, to German writer Günter Grass, the American film producer Steven Spielberg and in 2004 to Margrethe II.

The Fernando Prize. A sculpture prize for the Association of Social Politics. Since 1998 awarded once a year for an extraordinary contribution in the field of the association.

The Solar Catcher. The prize of the Danish Department of Energy. 1998-2001 awarded once a year to a municipality that had made a special effort in the research and implementation of renewable solar energy.

Major projects/sculpture groups

Jens Galschiøt is an active political artist. He creates most of his art projects to inspire debate and make people think. He typically places his works at the center of attention, with or without permission.

The Pillar of Shame

Pillar of Shame in Orange Color 02a (crop)
Pillar of Shame in Orange Color 02a (crop)

Pillar of Shame is a series of Galschiøt's sculptures. The first was erected in Hong Kong on 4 June 1997, ahead of the handover from British to Chinese rule on 1 July 1997, as a protest against China's crackdown of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. The Pillar of Shame is eight metres high and depicts twisted human bodies.[5] On 30 April 2008, the Pillar was painted orange[6] by Chinese democracy activists as part of the worldwide Color

Orange campaign[7] launched by Galschiot to denounce China's human rights violations. The event was held to coincide with the Olympic Games held in Beijing in August 2008.[8] Galschiot and his staff went to Hong Kong to take part in the event but were denied entrance by the Hong Kong immigration authorities.[9]

Galschiøt later erected versions of the Pillar of Shame in cities around the world to protest against infringements against humanity.


On 1 May 1999, a Pillar of Shame was set up on the Zócalo[10] in Mexico City. It stood for two days in front of the Parliament to protest the oppression of the region's indigenous people. The Pillar was later moved to a site at the entrance of the village of Acteal in Chiapas, where 45 unarmed indigenous people were killed by a paramilitary group on 22 December 1997. The re-erection of the sculpture was attended by hundreds of local people. On 22 December 2003, plates in the local language Tzotzil were donated to the inhabitants of Acteal. The original plates on the Pillar were in Spanish and English - languages that many indigenous people do not understand.


On 17 April 2000, a Pillar of Shame was erected in front of the Brazilian Parliament in Brasília to commemorate 19 landless peasants who were killed by the military police in the northern state of Pará on 17 April 1996.[11] It was mounted in co-operation with the MST (the landless peasants movement)[12] and opposition MPs. The sculpture was erected despite exacerbated resistance from the right wing and sections of the government. The Minister of Justice said that: "This sculpture will never be set up in front of the Brazilian Parliament." On 1 May, the Pillar of Shame was permanently erected in Belém, capital of the northern state of Pará, where the Eldorado massacre had taken place in connection with a land occupation. Mayor Edmilson Rodrigues declared at the inauguration: "Despite of resistance from the elite, we stick to our promise of setting up the Pillar of Shame as a symbol opposing oppression and violence that is taking a toll of lives and depriving people of their rights".


The Cocoon is a sculpture group made for the Danish exhibition in the Art Pavilion at the World Exhibition, Seville Expo '92, Spain. The Cocoon consists of 22 steel shields, each measuring 1.5 metres x 4 meters.[13] The shields are penetrated by faces made of bronze. Galschiot contributed twenty bronze sculptures and a working silversmith's workshop.

The exhibition was arranged in cooperation with The Mobile Gallery in Kolding that had received a 76-metre-long submarine as a gift from Gorbatjev.[14] French artist Jean Dewasne was responsible for the outside ornamentation, Galschiot for the inside fitting up of the submarine. The vision of establishing a cultural growth centre for young unemployed in the submarine was never realised.[15]

My Inner Beast at Jens Galschiøts studio
My Inner Beast at Jens Galschiøts studio

My Inner Beast

Galschiøt mounted one-ton heavy black concrete sculptures[16] in famous places in twenty cities across Europe.[17] The sculptures represent a pig in human clothes. The purpose was, in an untraditional way, to focus on the increasing violence, intolerance, racism and persecution of minorities, that Europe is witnessing these years. In November 1993, the twenty sculptures of my inner beast were erected within 55 hours without the knowledge of the authorities. The sculptures created a lot of commotion and debate in political circles, in the press[18] and in the public. In several places, a permanent position has been found for my inner beast that was a gift to each city. More than 100 volunteers contributed to the happening.

The Beast - 10 years after

On the occasion of the 10th anniversary, Jens Galschiot and his staff initiated a search to find out what has happened to each of the 20 sculptures. The fate of the Beasts varies quite a lot. In some cities the statue has been hidden away or even destroyed. In other cities the Beast has found a prominent site.[19] In Bonn it has even been incorporated in the German state's art collection, and the statue also found a permanent place in Copenhagen, Milano,[20] Barcelona[21] and Innsbruck. The anniversary was celebrated during the European Social Forum 12–15 November 2003 in Paris where two Beasts participated in the big manifestation accompanied by Survival of the Fattest and 14 Hunger Boys.

The Children of Abraham

The Children of Abraham is a dialogue project created by Jens Galschiøt, which highlights the three monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The project consists of the sculpture Fundamentalism, where 600 quotes from the Torah, the Bible and the Quran are displayed on the sculpture. The sculpture consists of letters forming the word “Fundamentalism”, and the letters are 3,5 meters tall and the sculpture is 9 meters in diameters.

Galschiot has also created “Pillars of Scriptures” for the project, where the 600 quotes are displayed on monitors. The project has been exhibited at Silkeborg Bad in January 2015,[22] and is going to be exhibited at the festival Heavenly Days in Copenhagen in 2016.

Work chronology

Bigger projects/Sculpture-groups

  • Cocoon (1992): 4 meter high 12 meter in diameter, sculpture consisting of 22 shields in rustproof steel with bronze-faces breaking through the steel. First exhibition at the international kunsthal på verdensudstillingen expo92 in Sevilla in Spain.[23]
  • My inner beast (1993): concretesculpture 230 cm high . 22 sculptures were put up in the public space in European cities, as a Street art action that should set focus on increasing putrefaction in Europe.[24]
  • The Little Prince (1995)
  • Elysium, The occult temple (1995): A 500m2 installation that was used to perform theater/music and the danceperformance Elysium in.[25]
  • The Silent Death (1995): Street art happening with the hanging of 750 doll corpses and distribution of 13.000.000 “banknotes” under the social topmeeting (FN) in Copenhagen 1995.,[26][27]
  • Pillar of Shame (1996 - 201?): An 8 meter high sculpture is put up to mark a crime. The sculpture is an obelisk formed of human bodies and has been put up in Hong Kong, Mexico and Brazil.
  • Young People in Glass Tubes: (1997) 3,5 m high 15 m in diameter. An art installation on the town hall square, where 6 glass containers with water in (as kind of a laboratory cobs) containing 6 young people corpse (in silicone) - The installation took the temperature on the youths mental state in Copenhagen.[28][29]
  • The Earth is Poisonous (1997): 20.000 m2. Art installation with 2500 white crosses, placed in Odense. As some kind of time image, 500 high school students wrote their opinion about what they would do personally would do to counter the environment problems.[30][31]
  • The Messenger (2000): 5 meter high cobber sculpture of a female messenger figure wearing cape, with computer controlled light boards in the background. The lead sculpture under Jubilee 2000 campaign in Denmark, attended in the world bank's demonstrations in Prague and stood in front the main entrance to environment in Copenhagen,(cop15).[32][33]
  • Hands of Stone (2000): 2000 m2. Art installation with 3,000 unique children's hands in concrete. Cooperation with Amnesty about child soldiers.[34][35]
  • The Tenth Plague (2001): Art performance with thousands of real dollar bills pasted on 10 canvases on 2x1 meter, painted on with human blood. Protest together with ”doctors without boards” against the pharmaceutical industries lawsuit against South Africa about copy medicine.[36][37]
  • Den yderste stilhed (2001): 12x 6 meter in copper/wood. Performance/set design for a play by the Brutalia theatre and Jonathan Paul Cook about Ted Kaczynski, also known as the Unabomber. It now works as a stage at Galleri Galschiot.[38][39]
  • Freedom to Pollute (2002): A 6 meter high Statue of Liberty with a smoking torch that created a dialogue about the Western civilizations individual thoughts about freedom. Used at environmental manifestations in Denmark, Luxemburg, Rostock, Sweden and many other places.[40][41]
  • Survival of the Fattest (sculpture) (2002): Survival of the Fattest. A 3 meter high copper sculpture of an enormous woman figure (Justitia) who is sitting on the back of a man.
  • The Hunger March (2002): 170 cm high copper sculpture installation, consisting of 27 starving boys. The sculptures has participated in many manifestations around the world.
  • The Nightmare (2002): 20x20 meter, Performance/art installation with hundreds of sculptures, among other things the Fenris wolves blowing 8 meter big fireballs, inspired by Hitler's architect Albert Speer and Martin Luther King's speech ”I Have a Dream”. Put up at Roskilde Festival 2005 and other places in Denmark.[42][43]
  • The Storyteller's Fountain (2005): Big H.C. Andersen sculpture, put up at the Townhall Square in Odense 2005-2011. The sculpture was drowned in Odense Harbor in 2011, during a great protest march against Odense municipality.[44][45]
  • Mad Cow Disease (2005): Art installation, a 12 meter high balancing weight with a stuffed cow in one of the bowls, and 5 hunger boys in the other, put up at the Town Hall Square in Copenhagen, and at the WTO meeting in Hong Kong.[46][47]
  • Golden calf (2005): 8 meter high copper sculpture of a golden calf, coated in 24 carat gold leaf. Displayed in Gent, Belgium, and now permanently at the Town Hall Square in Fredericia.,[48][49]
  • Børneliv anno 2005 Den lille pige med svovlstikkeren (2005): 10 sculptures of a 9-year-old girl sitting with her matches and a cell phone.[50][51]
  • In the Name of God (2006): Sculpture installation in copper, consisting of various sculpture constructions of a pregnant, crucified teenage girl.
  • The Color Orange (2008): An art project, where the color orange was used as a signal for human rights violations in China during OL 2008.
  • SevenMeters (2009): Lots of art installations during the COP15 environment meeting in Copenhagen. Among other things a 24 km long light chain with blinking red lights representing a 7-meter water level, going through Copenhagen and in Bellacenteret. The project was supported by the ministry of foreign affairs.[52][53]
  • Ending Homelessness: (2010til 2013) 13 copper sculptures of homeless people, size 1:1, on tour in England, Ireland, Italy, Belgium, Hungary, Portugal, Romania, Norway and Denmark. Also put up at the European Parliament. In collaboration with Project ’Udenfor’ and Fiantsa.[54][55]
  • The refugee ship M/S ANTON (2010 til 2013): A floating art installation with 70 copper refugee sculptures on the old Danish fishing cutter M/S Anton. It has been on a tour to many coast cities in Denmark, and in 2013 it is going on a tour in Scandinavia. In collaboration with “Levende Hav”. The project is supported by Danida.[56][57]
  • Balancing Act (2005-2015): Copper sculptures balancing on high (6 til 15 m) poles, some of the sculptures is 3 meters high. Symbol of UN 10 years “for education for sustainable development” (UBU). They have been exhibited in Kenya, India, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark. 4 of the big ones is put up at the castle square in front of the Danish parliament from 2009-2012.[58][59]
  • Fundamentalism (sculpture) (2011/12): Copper, 4 meter high, 9 meter in diameter. Sculpture installation consisting of religious books, making the word ”FUNDAMENTALISM".
  • Unbearable (2015): A real sized polar bear impaled on an oil pipeline, 6 meter high, 17 meter long. Displayed at COP21 in Paris.[60][61]
    The sculpture "Fundamentalism"
    The sculpture "Fundamentalism"
The sculpture "Fundamentalism"
The sculpture "Fundamentalism"


Galshiøt maintains a workshop and gallery in northern Odense. It includes an exhibition hall containing Galschiøt's sculptures and art, along with painting exhibitions by artists associated with the workshop. There is also a gallery with room for more than 300 guests, which is also used for concerts, debates and conferences. In addition to the gallery there is a small shop with small sculptures and jewellery cast in the workshop, a TV production company, an art school, a willow weaver workshop and a sculpture park. Entrance is free.[62][63]

Galschiøt's foundry works with bronze and silver castings from a few grams, up to 400 kg. It is presently one of the few places in Denmark where precious metal casters are educated.

In the 1960s, the buildings were built for the Næsby Car Body Factory and served for many years as one of the largest garages at Funen, but in the context of the economic crisis in the late 1990s the factory closed, and the buildings stood empty for five years. In 1994 Galschiøt bought the factory complex along with several of the surrounding buildings and adjoining land so that the area now is about 10,000 square metres.

See also


  1. ^ "Jens Galschiot (1954 - )". The Artists' Bluebook - Worldwide Edition. AskART. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
  2. ^ Stephen Vines (5 June 1997). "Hong Kong Handover: 50,000 defy China to remember Tiananmen". Independent News and Media Limited. Retrieved 19 January 2010.
  3. ^ Pan, Aaron (2 May 2008). "Hong Kong Hosts Torch Relay Amid Support, Criticism". News - Asia. Bloomberg. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
  4. ^ Hans Christian Andersen Priskomité (1996). "H.C Andersen priskomite". Retrieved 1 March 2010.
  5. ^ (4 June 1997). "Final Hong Kong memorial for Tiananmen massacre". Cable News Network, Inc. Retrieved 19 January 2010.
  6. ^ (30 April 2008). "The Pillar of Shame painted ORANGE!". crossleft. Archived from the original on 2010-01-16. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  7. ^ Jens Galschiøt (1 January 2008). "The Color Orange". The Color Orange. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  8. ^ (8 Aug 2008). "Olympic Games". Olympic committee. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
  9. ^ Amnesty International (30 April 2008). "China: Hong Kong must protect freedom of expression during torch relay". Amnesty International. Archived from the original on 2010-09-18. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
  10. ^ Subcomandante Marcos (2005). Conversations with Durito. Autonomedia. ISBN 9781570271182. Retrieved 29 January 2010.
  11. ^ "Pillar of Shame - Brazil". 24 Oct 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2010.
  12. ^ MST. "MST (the landless peasants movement)". MST. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
  13. ^ Nakskov Gymnasium (24 Oct 2003). "Livet på Nakskov Gymnasium" (PDF). Nakskov Gymnasium. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
  14. ^ Folkebladet Sydjylland, 4. oct 1991, 23. May 1992
  15. ^ Expo92 (1 Jan 1992). "Expo92". Expo92. Archived from the original on 2010-03-02. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
  16. ^ hanneorla (1 Jan 1993). "My Inner Beast". hanneorla. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
  17. ^ Jens Galschiot (1993). "My inner beast and Silent Death". Retrieved 22 February 2010.
  18. ^ Berlingske Tidende, Jyllandsposten, Aalborg stiftstidende, Jydske vestkysten, fyens stiftstidende, Det fri aktuelt, 8. nov 1993 - 17. nov 1993
  19. ^ Herning Folkeblad, 8. dec 1993
  20. ^ Art Públic (12 Oct 1994). "La meva bèstia interior". Retrieved 24 February 2010.
  21. ^ "Silkeborg Bad" (PDF).
  22. ^ [1] Archived September 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ " © ArtGuideDenmark". 2007-08-22. Archived from the original on 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  24. ^ "commisioned9". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  25. ^ Video about the project on YouTube
  26. ^ "The Silent Death". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  27. ^ "Jeg anklager". Archived from the original on 2007-06-12. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  28. ^ "Young People in Glass Tubes". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  29. ^ [2]
  30. ^ "The Earth is Poisonous". 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  31. ^ "Budbringeren er pĺ plads - - Kerteminde". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  32. ^ "The Messenger and Jubilee 2000". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  33. ^ "Hænder af sten rækker mod himlen | Information" (in Danish). Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  34. ^ "Hands of Stone". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  35. ^ "Ny aktion fra Galschiøt". 2001-04-11. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  36. ^ "The Tenth Plague". 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  37. ^ "Kun idioter og dřde tror pĺ fremtiden - - Kultur - Kunst". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  38. ^ "Den Yderste Stilhed". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  39. ^ "Freedom to Pollute". Freedom to Pollute. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  40. ^ "Freedom to Pollute". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  41. ^ "Billede af Den Indre Svinehund af Lars Holst Bundgård - 00025383". 2002-07-22. Archived from the original on 2016-01-28. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  42. ^ "The Nightmare". 2013-01-24. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  43. ^ [3] Archived November 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  44. ^ "Fortællerbrønden". 2013-01-21. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  45. ^ "Ny happening af Galschiøt - - Fyn - Kultur". Archived from the original on 2012-09-13. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  46. ^ "Mad Cow Disease". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  47. ^ "[Antieke video] Goudkoorts!". 2005-11-23. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  48. ^ "The Golden Calf". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  49. ^ [4]
  50. ^ "Den lille Pige med Svovlstikkerne". 2013-01-20. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  51. ^ , projektet webside
  52. ^ "Seven Meters". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  53. ^ [5] Archived September 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  54. ^ "Ending Homelessness". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  55. ^ "Organisering af kystfiskeriet Levendehav". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  56. ^ "FLYGTNINGESKIBET M/S Anton". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  57. ^ "The Nordic Balancing Act Campaign". Archived from the original on 2015-08-15. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  58. ^ "Balancing Act". Retrieved 2015-08-26.
  59. ^ "Unbearable | Jens Galschiot". Retrieved 2015-12-17.
  60. ^ "Check out these 9 climate art projects that are wowing people in Paris". Grist. Retrieved 2015-12-17.
  61. ^ "Gallery Galshciot - Info - Gallery & Museum, Meeting Center, Sculpture Studio". Retrieved 2016-03-17.
  62. ^ " Jens Galschiøt". Archived from the original on 2016-03-23. Retrieved 2016-03-17.

External links

20th anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests

The 20th anniversary of Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 (20周年六四遊行) was a series of rallies that took place in late May to early June 2009 to commemorate the 20th anniversary of 4 June Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, during which the Chinese government sent troops to suppress the pro-democracy movement. While the anniversary is remembered around the world; the event is heavily censored on Chinese soil, particularly in Mainland China. Events which mark it only take place in Hong Kong, and in Macao to a much lesser extent.

Danish art

Danish art is the visual arts produced in Denmark or by Danish artists. It goes back thousands of years with significant artifacts from the 2nd millennium BC, such as the Trundholm sun chariot. For many early periods, it is usually considered as part of the wider Nordic art of Scandinavia. Art from what is today Denmark forms part of the art of the Nordic Bronze Age, and then Norse and Viking art. Danish medieval painting is almost entirely known from church frescos such as those from the 16th-century artist known as the Elmelunde Master.

The Reformation greatly disrupted Danish artistic traditions, and left the existing body of painters and sculptors without large markets. The requirements of the court and aristocracy were mainly for portraits, usually by imported artists, and it was not until the 18th century that large numbers of Danes were trained in contemporary styles. For an extended period of time thereafter art in Denmark either was imported from Germany and the Netherlands or Danish artists studied abroad and produced work that was seldom inspired by Denmark itself. From the late 18th century on, the situation changed radically. Beginning with the Danish Golden Age, a distinct tradition of Danish art began and has continued to flourish until today. Due to generous art subsidies, contemporary Danish art has a big production per capita.

Though usually not especially a major centre for art production or exporter of art, Denmark has been relatively successful in keeping its art; in particular, the relatively mild nature of the Danish Reformation, and the lack of subsequent extensive rebuilding and redecoration of churches, has meant that with other Scandinavian countries, Denmark has unusually rich survivals of medieval church paintings and fittings. One period when Nordic art exerted a strong influence over the rest of northern Europe was in Viking art, and there are many survivals, both in stone monuments left untouched around the countryside, and objects excavated in modern times.


Frederikssund is a Danish town, seat of the Frederikssund Municipality, in the Region Hovedstaden with a population of 15,865 (1 January 2015). It received the status of market town in 1810. The town is famous for its annual Viking Games as well as for the J.F. Willumsen museum. Since 1935, it has been connected to Hornsherred via the Kronprins Frederik Bridge.

Fundamentalism (sculpture)

Fundamentalism is a monumental bronze sculpture by Jens Galschiot consisting of the letters in the word 'FUNDAMENTALISM'. The sculpture was finished in 2015 and is a part of the dialogue project The children of Abraham, also by Galschiot.


A happening is a performance, event, or situation meant to be considered art, usually as performance art. The term was first used by Allan Kaprow during the 1950s to describe a range of art-related event or multiple events.

In the name of God

In the name of God may refer to:

Sa Ngalan ng Diyos, a Tagalog-language novel's title meaning "In The Name of God"

Basmala, an Arabic phrase meaning "In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate"

Khuda Kay Liye, an Urdu-language film, title translated as "In the name of God"

"In the Name of God", an episode of Touched by an Angel

Ram ke Naam (English: In the name of God) a 1992 documentary film by Anand Patwardhan

In the name of God (sculpture), a project launched by Jens Galschiøt

In the Name of God (Deus Vult), a song by Powerwolf

In the Name of God, a song by Sabaton

In the name of God (sculpture)

In the name of God is a project launched by Jens Galschiøt involving a sculpture of a pregnant teenager, created as an act against the church’s strict sexual policy.

Installation art

Installation art is an artistic genre of three-dimensional works that often are site-specific and designed to transform the perception of a space. Generally, the term is applied to interior spaces, whereas exterior interventions are often called public art, land art or intervention art; however, the boundaries between these terms overlap.

Las Abejas

Las Abejas, or "The Bees," is a Christian pacifist civil society group of Tzotzil Maya formed in Chenalho, Chiapas in 1992 following a familial property dispute that left one person killed. When members of the community took the injured man to the nearest town for medical attention, they were accused of attacking him themselves and jailed. When family members realized what had happened, they began a pilgrimage on foot to San Cristóbal de Las Casas. Along the way, Christian pacifists in other villages joined the group, which is dedicated to peace, justice, and anti-neoliberalism. Las Abejas freed their companions and grew as an organization.

When the Zapatista Army of National Liberation uprising took place in 1994, Las Abejas stood in solidarity with the Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional's (EZLN) ends and principles, but not their violent means. They paid a high price for their support, when on December 22, 1997, 45 of their members were massacred while praying in a church, in what has come to be known as the Acteal Massacre.

My Inner Beast

My Inner Beast is a series of one-ton heavy black concrete sculptures, created by the Danish sculptor Jens Galschiot. In November 1993 20 sculptures were erected in twenty cities across Europe without permission of the authorities. The purpose of the sculptures was to put focus on the increasing intolerance and brutalization in Europe. This was seen in the growing racism, xenophobia and the persecution of minority groups.


Odense (, also US: , Danish: [ˈoðˀn̩sə] (listen)) is the third-largest city in Denmark.

It has a population of 178,210 as of January 2016, and is the main city of the island of Funen. By road, Odense is located 45 kilometres (28 mi) north of Svendborg, 144 kilometres (89 mi) to the south of Aarhus and 167 kilometres (104 mi) to the southwest of Copenhagen. The city is the seat of Odense Municipality and was the seat of Odense County until 1970, and Funen County from 1970 until 1 January 2007, when Funen County became part of the Region of Southern Denmark. Odense has close associations with Hans Christian Andersen who is remembered above all for his fairy tales. He was born in the city in 1805 and spent his childhood years there.

There has been human settlement in the Odense area for over 4,000 years, although the name was not mentioned in writing until 988, and by 1070, it had already grown into a thriving city. Canute IV of Denmark, generally considered to be the last Viking king, was murdered by unruly peasants in Odense's St Alban's Priory on 10 July 1086. Although the city was burned in 1249 following a royal rivalry, it quickly recovered and flourished as a centre of commerce in the Middle Ages. After a period of decline, large-scale plans for development were made during the 18th century, which led to the rebuilding of Odense Palace and the building of a canal to the Port of Odense, facilitating trade. In 1865, one of the largest railway terminals in Denmark was built, further increasing the population and commerce, and by 1900, Odense had reached a population of 35,000. Odense's Odinstårnet was one of the tallest towers in Europe when built in 1935 but was destroyed by the Nazis during World War II. The University of Southern Denmark was established in 1966.

In the present day, Odense remains the commercial hub of Funen, and has a notable shopping district with a diversity of stores. Several major industries are located in the city including the Albani Brewery and GASA, Denmark's major dealer in vegetables, fruits and flowers. The city is home to Odense Palace, erected by King Frederik IV who died there in 1730, the Odense Theatre, the Odense Symphony Orchestra, and the Hans Christian Andersen Museum, situated in the house that was the birthplace of Hans Christian Andersen. In sports, Odense has a number of football clubs including OB, BM, B1909, and B1913, the Odense Bulldogs professional ice hockey team, and the city also hosts the H.C. Andersen Marathon. Odense is served by Hans Christian Andersen Airport and Odense station, which lies on the line between Copenhagen and the Jutland peninsula.

Ofelia Medina

María Ofelia Medina Torres (born April 4, 1950) is a Mexican actress, singer and screenwriter of Mexican films. She was married to film director Alex Philips Jr.


SevenMeters is a series of art installations made by Jens Galschiøt which was displayed on the occasion of the COP15 Summit 7 December 2009 in Copenhagen.

Survival of the Fattest (sculpture)

Survival of the Fattest is a sculpture of a small, starved boy carrying a fat woman. The sculpture was made by Jens Galschiøt and Lars Calmar in 2002, as a symbol of the imbalanced distribution of the world’s resources.

The Color Orange

The Color Orange, an organization established in 2008 by Jens Galschiøt, to highlight the violations of the human rights in China on the occasion of the Olympic Games in Beijing August 2008. This organization uses the colour orange to peacefully bring notice to human rights violations during this time.

The Hunger March

The Hunger March is the name of a happening and a series of sculptures made by Jens Galschiøt in 2001.

The children of Abraham

The Children of Abraham is an art project created by Danish artist Jens Galschiøt. The project started in 2003 and got boosted by the Danish Muhammed drawings. In 2009 the sculpture was proceeding. The artist argues that the project is a more balanced artistic expression to start a dialogue process between the three monotheistic religions.

Unbearable (sculpture)

Unbearable is a bronze sculpture by the Danish artist Jens Galschiot. It consists of a graph showing the global fossil fuel carbon emissions, and an impaled polar bear. The sculpture was finished in 2015 and exhibited in Paris during COP21. The sculpture is made in cooperation with WWF Denmark.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.