Jennie Tuttle Hobart

Esther Jane "Jennie" Tuttle Hobart (April 30, 1849 – January 8, 1941) was the wife of Vice President Garret Hobart and a philanthropist and community activist in New Jersey.

Jennie Hobart
Second Lady of the United States
In role
March 4, 1897 – November 21, 1899
Vice PresidentGarret Hobart
Preceded byLetitia Stevenson
Succeeded byEdith Roosevelt (1901)
Personal details
BornApril 30, 1849
Paterson, New Jersey, U.S.
DiedJanuary 8, 1941 (aged 91)
Haledon, New Jersey, U.S.
Resting placeCedar Lawn Cemetery
Spouse(s)Garret Hobart (1869–1899)
ParentsSocrates Tuttle
Jane Winters


Jennie Tuttle Hobart
Jennie Tuttle Hobart

Born and raised in Paterson, New Jersey, she was the daughter of the prominent attorney Socrates Tuttle and his wife, Jane Winters. She married Garret Hobart in Paterson on July 21, 1869, at the start of his career as a lawyer and politician. They had two children, Garret Jr. and Fannie, who died in 1895. In 1896 her husband was elected Vice President of the United States and the family moved to Washington, D.C.. As Second Lady of the United States, Hobart often served as White House hostess because the First Lady, Ida Saxton McKinley, suffered from epilepsy. Vice President Hobart died of heart failure on November 21, 1899. After his death, she returned to Paterson and became involved in community affairs. She was a close friend of Mrs. McKinley and rushed to Buffalo, New York, to offer her support when President McKinley was shot in September 1901. She died of pneumonia on January 8, 1941, in Haledon, New Jersey, where she had been living on her son's farm, and was buried in Cedar Lawn Cemetery in Paterson, New Jersey.[1]


  1. ^ Burstyn, Joan N. "Past and Promise: Lives of New Jersey Women", p. 153. Syracuse University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-8156-0418-1. Accessed May 1, 2011. "She maintained a close relationship with her son and in later years, when her health was failing, lived with his family at Ailsa Farms in Haledon. She died there of bronchial pneumonia, at age 91, on January 8, 1941, and was buried at the Cedar Lawn Cemetery in Paterson."

External links

Honorary titles
Preceded by
Letitia Stevenson
Second Lady of the United States
Title next held by
Edith Roosevelt
1849 in the United States

Events from the year 1849 in the United States.

Ann Gerry

Ann Thompson Gerry (; August 12, 1763 – March 17, 1849) was the wife of Vice-President Elbridge Gerry, thus the Second Lady of the United States from 1813 to 1814.

Anna Morton

Anna Livingston Reade Street Morton (May 18, 1846 – August 14, 1918) was the second wife of United States Vice President Levi P. Morton. She was known as Anna Street Morton.

Caro Dawes

Caro Dana Dawes, née Blymyer (January 6, 1866 – October 3, 1957), was the wife of former Vice President Charles G. Dawes, who served from 1925 to 1929, and was the Second Lady of the United States during that period.

Caro Blymyer married Charles Dawes on January 24, 1889. They had two children and adopted two more. After the death of their son Rufus in 1912, the Daweses retreated from social life and instead devoted much of their energies to charity work.

While serving as Second Lady, Dawes disappointed the social elite of Washington, D.C. because she declined many social invitations. Nonetheless, it was observed that her "manner was sweet and gentle, her conversation cultured, and her dignity unimpeachable."Dawes died on October 3, 1957, and is buried along with her husband in Rosehill Cemetery.

Carrie Babcock Sherman

Carrie Babcock Sherman (November 16, 1856 – October 6, 1931) was the wife of U.S. Vice President James S. Sherman.

Carrie was the daughter of Lewis Babcock, was a prominent attorney. Her grandfather was Congressman and brigade commander Eliakim Sherrill.Carrie Babcock married James Schoolcraft Sherman on January 26, 1881. Carrie and James had known each other since childhood.The couple had three sons: Sherrill B. Sherman, Richard U. Sherman, and Thomas N. Sherman.When her husband became vice-president in March 1909, Carrie became the first second lady to accompany her spouse in the inaugural parade.Sherman is buried at Forest Hill Cemetery in Utica, New York.

Cedar Lawn Cemetery

Cedar Lawn Cemetery is a nondenominational cemetery in Paterson, New Jersey, and is also considered one of the finest Victorian cemeteries in the USA. Cedar Lawn Cemetery officially opened in September 1867, and recorded its first burial on September 27, 1867. Cedar Lawn is located on a multi-acre plot bordered by Lakeview Avenue (CR 624), Crooks Avenue, I-80, and Route 20. It shares the plot with a Catholic cemetery and has over 85,000 interments on its grounds alone since its inception.

During the Revolutionary War, the cemetery was farmland, owned by Annatje Von Riper, her son Henry Doremus, and Hessel Peterse. The British army plundered the three households om its march through New Jersey in November 1776.

Ellen Hamlin

Ellen Vesta Emery Hamlin (September 14, 1835 – February 1, 1925) was the second wife of Vice President Hannibal Hamlin who served in the first term of the administration of President Abraham Lincoln. They were married a year after the death of his first wife Sarah Jane Emery in 1855 who was also her half-sister. She had two children with Hannibal Hamlin: Hannibal Emery, who later became the attorney general of Maine, and Frank. Hamlin also had four children from his first marriage: George Hamlin, Charles Hamlin, Cyrus Hamlin, and Sarah Hamlin Batchelder.

Ellen Maria Colfax

Ellen Maria Wade Colfax (July 26, 1836 – March 4, 1911) was the second wife of Schuyler Colfax, who became the first House Speaker to be elected Vice President when he ran on a ticket headed by Ulysses S. Grant in 1868. She was born at Andover, Ohio in 1836.On November 18, 1868, just two weeks after the election, Ellen Maria Wade married the man who had defeated her uncle, Senator Benjamin Franklin Wade of Ohio, in the race for the Republican vice presidential nomination. They had one son, Schuyler Colfax III, in April 1870.Her husband, Schuyler Colfax was inaugurated as the 17th Vice President on March 4, 1869, and served until March 4, 1873. Likewise, Ellen Maria Colfax became the Second Lady of the United States.She died at her home in South Bend, Indiana in 1911 after a period of poor health, on the 42nd anniversary of her husband's assumption of the vice-presidency. She was survived by her son Schuyler Colfax III. Her funeral was held March 7, 1911 at the Colfax home, and she was buried next to her husband.

Hannah Tompkins

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Born on August 28, 1781, Hannah Minthorne was the second child of Mangle Minthorne (1740–1824), a prominent Democratic-Republican Party member in New York City, by his second wife, Aryet Constable Minthorne (1743–1830), of New York City. On February 20, 1798, 16-year-old Hannah married Daniel D. Tompkins, a 23-year-old lawyer of the City. At the time of the marriage, her father was Assistant in the Common Council, and young Tompkins had designs on a political career. Hannah was ill the year before her husband became Vice-President, and did not attend his inauguration.From 1800 to 1814, the couple had eight children, including Arietta Minthorn Tompkins (born July 31, 1800), who married a son of Smith Thompson in 1818, and (Mangle) Minthorne Tompkins (December 26, 1807 – June 5, 1881), who was the Free Soil Party candidate for Governor of New York in 1852. Their children Hannah and Minthorne were named after their mother, and Hannah and Minthorne streets in Staten Island were later named for them.Hannah died on February 18, 1829, in Tompkinsville, Staten Island. She and her husband are buried in the Minthorne family vault at St. Mark's-in-the-Bouwerie, in lower Manhattan.

Ilo Wallace

Ilo Browne Wallace (March 10, 1888 – February 22, 1981) was the wife of Henry A. Wallace, the 33rd U.S Vice President and later Secretary of Commerce. She was the Second Lady of the United States from 1941 until 1945. She was the sponsor of the USS Iowa (BB-61).

Born in Indianola, Iowa, she was the daughter of James Lytle Browne and his wife, the former Harriet Lindsay.

She attended Monmouth College with the class of 1911.

She married Henry Agard Wallace in Des Moines, Iowa, on May 20, 1914. They had three children: Henry Browne Wallace (1915–2005), Robert Browne Wallace (1918–2002), and Jean Browne Wallace (1920–2011). Her husband later became the editor-in-chief of Wallace's Farmer, an influential Midwestern farming magazine that had been founded by his father, Henry Cantwell Wallace, a future U.S. Secretary of Agriculture.

A small inheritance she received from her parents enabled the Wallaces and their business partners to establish, in 1926, the Hi-Bred Corn Company, which developed and distributed hybrid maize and eventually transformed agriculture. The company is now known as Pioneer Hi-Bred International, the world's second largest seed company.

On February 22, 1981, she died at the Wallace estate, Farvue Farm, in South Salem, New York.

Jane Hadley Barkley

Elizabeth Jane Rucker Hadley Barkley (September 23, 1911 – September 6, 1964) was the Second Lady of the United States during the term of Vice President Alben W. Barkley. She was known as Jane Hadley Barkley.

Judy Agnew

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Letitia Stevenson

Letitia Green Stevenson (January 8, 1843 – December 25, 1913) was the wife of Vice President Adlai E. Stevenson I, who served in the second administration of President Grover Cleveland.

Lois Irene Marshall

Lois Irene Kimsey Marshall (born Lois Irene Kimsey; May 9, 1873 – January 6, 1958) was the wife of Thomas R. Marshall, who served as the 28th Vice President of the United States from 1913 to 1921. During her husband's tenure she held the unofficial position of the Second Lady of the United States. She served also as First Lady of Indiana during her husband's Governorship (1909–1913).

Mariette Rheiner Garner

Mariette Elizabeth Rheiner Garner, known as Ettie R. Garner (July 17, 1869 – August 17, 1948) was the wife of John Nance Garner, the 32nd Vice President of the United States, who served from 1933 until 1941.Born in Sabinal, Texas, she was a daughter of John Peter Rheiner, a Swiss immigrant who became a Texas rancher, and his first wife, the former Mary Elizabeth Watson.

In 1893, although women in Texas could not vote at the time, Mariette Rheiner ran for Uvalde County judge, but was defeated by the incumbent, John Nance Garner. Two years later, on November 25, 1895, she married Garner in Sabinal, Texas. They had one child, a son, Tully Charles Garner (1896–1968).

During her husband's tenure in the U.S. House of Representatives, from 1903 to 1933, Ettie Garner served as his private secretary.

She died of a neurological ailment a month after her 79th birthday.

Muriel Humphrey Brown

Muriel Fay Buck Humphrey Brown (February 20, 1912 – September 20, 1998) was an American politician who served as the Second Lady of the United States and as a U.S. Senator from Minnesota. She was married to the 38th Vice President of the United States, Hubert Humphrey. Following her husband's death, she was appointed to his seat in the United States Senate, thus becoming the only Second Lady of the United States to hold public office. She later remarried and took the name Muriel Humphrey Brown.

Second Lady of the United States

The Second Lady of the United States (SLOTUS) is the informal title held by the wife of the Vice President of the United States, concurrent with the vice president's term of office. This title is less commonly used than the title First Lady of the United States.

The term "Second Lady", coined in contrast to the First Lady (who is almost always the wife of the President), may have been first used by Jennie Tuttle Hobart (whose husband, Garret Hobart was Vice President from 1897 to 1899) to refer to herself.

The title later fell out of favor, but was revived in the 1980s. During the 1990s the title was again abandoned, in favor of "wife of the Vice President", but was later resurrected during the presidency of Barack Obama. Its use was continued by the administration of Donald Trump,, although Donald Trump himself said, during his presidency, that he had never heard the term.Fourteen Second Ladies have gone on to become First Lady of the United States during their husband's terms as President. The first to do this was Abigail Adams, who was married to John Adams, who was the first Vice President from 1789 to 1797 and then second President from 1797 to 1801. The last to do this was Barbara Bush, who was married to George H. W. Bush, who was the 43rd Vice President from 1981 to 1989 and then 41st President from 1989 to 1993.

The current Second Lady is Karen Pence, who is married to Mike Pence, who has been the 48th Vice President in Donald Trump's administration since January 20, 2017.

There are four living former second ladies: Marilyn Quayle, wife of Dan Quayle; Tipper Gore, now separated wife of Al Gore; Lynne Cheney, wife of Dick Cheney; and Jill Biden, wife of Joe Biden.

Socrates Tuttle

Socrates Tuttle (November 19, 1819 – February 12, 1885) was the Mayor of Paterson, New Jersey from 1871 to 1872.

Sophia Dallas

Sophia Chew Nicklin Dallas (June 24, 1798 – January 11, 1869) was the wife of Vice President George Mifflin Dallas who served under President James K. Polk. She was the daughter of Philadelphia merchant Philip Nicklin and Julianna Nicklin (née Chew), and the granddaughter of Benjamin Chew.George and Sophia Dallas wed in 1816 and had eight children. Dallas held a disliking for Washington, D.C., and during her husband's term as Vice President she remained mostly in Philadelphia except for occasional visits to the capital.

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