Jekyll Island Club

The Jekyll Island Club was a private club on Jekyll Island, on Georgia's Atlantic coast. It was founded in 1886 when members of an incorporated hunting and recreational club purchased the island for $125,000 (about $3.1 million in 2017) from John Eugene du Bignon. The original design of the Jekyll Island Clubhouse, with its signature turret, was completed in January 1888. The club thrived through the early 20th century; its members came from many of the world's wealthiest families, most notably the Morgans, Rockefellers, and Vanderbilts. The club closed at the end of the 1942 season due to complications from World War II. In 1947, after five years of funding a staff to keep up the lawn and cottages, the island was purchased from the club's remaining members for $675,000 (about 7.4 million in 2017) during condemnation proceedings by the state of Georgia.

The State tried operating the club as a resort, but this was not financially successful and the entire complex was closed by 1971. The complex was designated a historic landmark in 1978.

It was restored and reopened as a luxury resort hotel in 1985. Today, Jekyll Island Club Hotel is a member of Historic Hotels of America, the official program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.[3]

Jekyll Island Club
GA Jekyll Island Club HD Clubhouse01
Jekyll Island Club is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
Jekyll Island Club
Jekyll Island Club is located in the United States
Jekyll Island Club
LocationJekyll Island, Georgia
Coordinates31°3′38″N 81°25′19″W / 31.06056°N 81.42194°WCoordinates: 31°3′38″N 81°25′19″W / 31.06056°N 81.42194°W
Built1886
ArchitectMultiple
Architectural styleQueen Anne
NRHP reference #72000385[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJanuary 20, 1972
Designated NHLDJune 2, 1978[2]

Founding

Jekyllclubhouse
Jekyll Island Clubhouse

At the end of the plantation era of Jekyll Island, Newton Finney, suggested to Dubignon, his brother-in-law, that they might acquire the island and then sell it to Northern businessmen as a winter resort. A New York banker helped with the purchase of the entire island. By 1885, Dubignon was the sole owner of Jekyll.

In 1885, Finney and a New York associate, Oliver K. King, gathered a group of men and petitioned the Glynn county courts, becoming incorporated as the "Jekyl Island Club" on December 9, 1885. They agreed to sell 100 shares of the Jekyll Island Club stock to 50 people at $600 a share (about $15,000 in 2017).

GA Jekyll Island Club HD duBignon Cottage02
duBignon Cottage
GA Jekyll Island Rockefeller Cottage01
Rockefeller Cottage

Finney had no difficulty selling the shares. Six of the first seven shares went to the men who signed the charter petition: Finney, Dubignon, King, Richard L. Ogden, William B. D'Wolf, and Charles L. Schlatter. In all, Finney was able to find 53 people to join the Club, including such famous names as Henry Hyde, Marshall Field, John Pierpont Morgan, Joseph Pulitzer, and William K. Vanderbilt.[4]

On February 17, 1886, Finney signed an official agreement with Dubignon, who sold Jekyll Island to Finney's Jekyll Island Club for $125,000. On April 1, 1886, a meeting was held in New York to create the constitution and by-laws, and to nominate officers for the club. The first president was Lloyd Aspinwall, vice president was Judge Henry Elias Howland, treasurer was Franklin M. Ketchum, and Richard L. Ogden became secretary. These men faced the difficult task of turning the undeveloped property into a social club for the wealthy upper class of America.

Lloyd Aspinwall served just 5 months as the club president before he died suddenly. Henry Howland then took up the position as president of the Club.

Committees were formed to get the club off the ground. Charles A. Alexander of Chicago was chosen to design the clubhouse, and Horace William Shaler Cleveland, a famous landscape architect, was chosen to design and lay out the grounds.

Ground was broken on the clubhouse building in mid-August 1886. After some setbacks the clubhouse was completed on November 1. The club officially opened its doors when the executive committee arrived for the 1888 season on January 21.

Several nationally important events took place on Jekyll Island during the Club era, including the first transcontinental telephone call made by Theodore N. Vail, president of AT&T, to Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas A. Watson and President Woodrow Wilson in 1915; and the development of the Aldrich Vreeland Act for the National Monetary Commission in 1908.

Recreation during the club era

The Jekyll Island Club was a unique resort, more family oriented than the Union Club or the Chicago Club. It enjoyed great popularity among the elite classes, maintaining a highly exclusive character for 60 years.[5]

When the club started out, hunting was a major recreational activity. A gamekeeper was hired to keep the island well stocked with pheasants, turkeys, quail and deer.

All members were to report daily what they had killed and turn it over to the club. Wild game was a common sight on the menu of the clubhouse. A taxidermist shop was located within the club compound, specifically for mounting the prize game.

As the club grew, other recreations became popular. Golf eventually took over as the Club's dominant sport. The first course was located just to the north of the Club compound. Later, in the 1920s, an ocean side course was built. A portion of this historic golf course is still intact, and can be played.

Other leisure activities included carriage driving, tennis, and bicycling.[6]

Role in the history of the Federal Reserve

Jekyll Island was the location of a meeting in November 1910 in which draft legislation was written to create the U.S. Federal Reserve. Following the Panic of 1907, banking reform became a major issue in the United States. Senator Nelson Aldrich (R-RI), chairman of the National Monetary Commission, went to Europe for almost two years to study that continent's banking systems. Upon his return, he brought together many of the country's leading financiers to Jekyll Island to discuss monetary policy and the banking system, an event which was the impetus for the creation of the Federal Reserve.

On the evening of November 22, 1910, Sen. Aldrich and A.P. Andrews (Assistant Secretary of the United States Treasury Department), Paul Warburg (a naturalized German representing Kuhn, Loeb & Co.), Frank A. Vanderlip (president of the National City Bank of New York), Henry P. Davison (senior partner of J. P. Morgan Company), Charles D. Norton (president of the Morgan-dominated First National Bank of New York), and Benjamin Strong (representing J. P. Morgan), together representing about one fourth the world's wealth at the time, left Hoboken, New Jersey on a train in complete secrecy, dropping their last names in favor of first names, or code names, so no one would discover who they all were. The excuse for such powerful representatives and wealth was to go on a duck hunting trip on Jekyll Island.

Forbes magazine founder Bertie Charles Forbes wrote several years later:

Picture a party of the nation's greatest bankers stealing out of New York on a private railroad car under cover of darkness, stealthily riding hundreds of miles South, embarking on a mysterious launch, sneaking onto an island deserted by all but a few servants, living there a full week under such rigid secrecy that the names of not one of them was once mentioned, lest the servants learn the identity and disclose to the world this strangest, most secret expedition in the history of American finance. I am not romancing; I am giving to the world, for the first time, the real story of how the famous Aldrich currency report, the foundation of our new currency system, was written ... The utmost secrecy was enjoined upon all. The public must not glean a hint of what was to be done. Senator Aldrich notified each one to go quietly into a private car of which the railroad had received orders to draw up on an unfrequented platform. Off the party set. New York's ubiquitous reporters had been foiled ... Nelson (Aldrich) had confided to Henry, Frank, Paul and Piatt that he was to keep them locked up at Jekyll Island, out of the rest of the world, until they had evolved and compiled a scientific currency system for the United States, the real birth of the present Federal Reserve System, the plan done on Jekyll Island in the conference with Paul, Frank and Henry ... Warburg is the link that binds the Aldrich system and the present system together. He more than any one man has made the system possible as a working reality.[7]

Decline and closure of the club

The Great Depression in 1929 caused great changes on Jekyll Island. This depression touched even the very wealthy across the country and membership in an exclusive club became an extravagance. Membership dropped slowly through the 1930s as the depression continued.

With the financial situation of the club worsening, the executive committee decided to create a new level of club membership in 1933. A more affordable level of membership, the Associate membership was designed to fit the needs, and pocketbook, of anyone. It was an attempt to draw in new and younger people as well as to draw more members back to the clubhouse. This new membership did revitalize the club membership roster, although only for a brief period.

World War II was the final blow to the life of the Jekyll Island Club. The club opened as usual for the 1942 season. However, by the beginning of March it was announced there would be an early close to the season due to the club's financial situation and the strain the war had on the labor situation. The 1942 season would turn out to be the final season for the Jekyll Island Club.

There was hope by the president that the Club might be reopened after the war with renewed interest. However, in 1946 the state of Georgia entered the picture. The state's revenue commissioner, Melvin E. Thompson, wanted to purchase one of Georgia's barrier islands and open it to the public as a state park. Finally, on June 2, 1947, the state purchased the island through a condemnation order for $675,000 (or approximately $5,563,416 in 2003 dollars).[8]

The club was turned into a public resort by the state, but closed by 1971, a financial failure. It was made a historic landmark in 1978 and restored and reopened as the Radisson Jekyll Island Club Hotel in 1985. Radisson ceased managing the hotel some years later, and it currently operates as the Jekyll Island Club Resort.

List of members

During the club's inception, a limit of 100 members was imposed to ensure the club's exclusiveness. During the financially difficult Great Depression period, the club began referring to its members as founders and created the new Associate Membership. This membership was purchased at a lower price, but with all of the benefits that the founders enjoyed, and limited to a total of 150.

This list is in no way exhaustive, but it does feature some of the more notable members.[4][9]

Member Biography Years
John J. Albright 1890-1931
Nelson W. Aldrich American politician, daughter Abby married John D. Rockefeller Jr. 1912-1915
Lloyd Aspinwall 1886-1886
Lloyd Aspinwall, Jr. 1886-1892
George Fisher Baker Founder of First National Bank of the City of New York predecessor to Citibank 1901-1931
Francis Bartlett 1886-1911
Frances Bartow 1931-1945
Anson Beard 1927-1929
John Eugene du Bignon 1886-1896
Cornelius Newton Bliss 1886-1911
Cornelius Newton Bliss Jr. 1912-1921
Matthew Chaloner Durfee Borden The "Calico King", owner of the American Printing Company 1892-1912
Frederick Gilbert Bourne President of the Singer Manufacturing Company between 1889 and 1905. 1901-1919
Marion Bourne 1919-1937
Marjorie Bourne 1920-1929
Robert Elbert Bourne 1926-1929
Robert Brewster Son of Benjamin Brewster (financier) an early Standard Oil Trustee 1912-1939
Charles S. Brown 1924-1935
McEvers Bayard Brown 1886-1926
John Claflin 1886-1912, 1921-1938
Charles Richard Crane Eldest son of plumbing parts mogul, Chicago manufacturer, Richard T. Crane 1916-1924
Florence Higinbotham Crane 1919-1940
Richard T. Crane Founder of R.T. Crane & Bro., a Chicago-based manufacturer of valves and pipes that would later become an aerospace and plumbing manufacturer. 1911-1931
Robert Fulton Cutting 1923-1934
William Bayard Cutting 1886-1912
Charles M. Daniels 1924-1932
Charles Deering 1887-1902
John Eugene du Bignon 1886-1896
Duncan Steuart Ellsworth 1895-1908
James Ellsworth 1915-1924
Nathaniel Kellogg Fairbank 1886-1903
Walton Ferguson 1887-1922
Walton Ferguson, Jr. 1902-1906
Marshall Field Founder of Marshall Field's department stores. 1886-1906
Newton Sobieski Finney 1886-1897
Michael Gavin 1924-1933
Ogden Goelet New York real estate developer and director of The Chemical Bank. He had residences in 608 Fifth Ave., New York and a seasonal residence Ochre Point in Newport, Rhode Island 1886-1897
Robert Goelet New York real estate developer and director of The Chemical Bank. He had residences at 591 Fifth Avenue, New York and seasonal residences at Tuxedo Park, New York and Ochre Point in Newport, RI 1886-1899
Frank H. Goodyear Chairman of the board of the Buffalo and Susquehanna Railroad Co., Buffalo, New York and lumber business magnate. 1902-1907
Josephine Goodyear 1909-1915
Frank H. Goodyear Jr. 1916-1930
Edwin Gould Son of railroad financier Jay Gould 1899-1933
George Jay Gould I Son of railroad financier Jay Gould 1895-1916
Edward S. Harkness Philanthropist and one of four sons of Stephen V. Harkness, a harness-maker who invested in the forerunner of Standard Oil, John D. Rockefeller's oil company 1911-1923
Edmund B. Hayes 1886-1921
James J. Hill 1888-1916
Mary Hill 1916-1921
Bayard C. Hoppin 1925-1931
Gerard B. Hoppin 1923-1938
Alanson Houghton 1919-1941
Henry Howland 1886-1901
Dr. Walter James 1917-1927
Walter Jennings 1926-1933
Morris Ketchum Jesup 1888-1908
John Stewart Kennedy 1898-1909
Thomas W. Lamont
Charles Lanier 1886-1911
Cornelius "Connie" Lee 1919-1947
Pierre Lorillard IV Heir of the Lorillard Tobacco Company 1886-1886, 1888-1891
John Magee 1893-1908
George Macy Founder of The Heritage Press 1902-1918
Valentine Everit Macy 1909-1927
Charles Stewart Maurice 1886-1924
Margaret Maurice 1924-1947
Cyrus Hall McCormick, Jr. 1891-1936
Gordon McKay 1891-1903
JP Morgan Financier, created United States Steel Corporation by buying Carnegie Steel and formed General Electric 1886-1913
J. P. Morgan, Jr. 1913-1943
William Fellowes Morgan 1925-1934
Richard Ogden 1886-1892
Rev. Charles H. Parkhurst 1894-1909
Henry Kirke Porter 1891-1921
Bernie Prentice 1928-1947
Joseph Pulitzer Today, best known for the Pulitzer Prizes. Pulitzer was a journalist. 1886-1911
William Rockefeller American financier, was a co-founder of Standard Oil with his older brother John D. Rockefeller. 1905-1922
Grant B. Schley 1903-1917
Dr. Frederick Shattuck 1912-1929
George Frederick Shrady, Sr. 1904-1907
Hester Shrady 1908-1916
Frederick Snow 1915-1918, 1925-1929
George Baker St. George 1925-1933
William Strassburger 1919-1924
Alexander Thayer 1929-1937
Theodore Newton Vail 1912-1920
Cornelius Vanderbilt, II The first son of William Henry Vanderbilt, an American industrialist and philanthropist who built his wealth in shipping and railroads, and grandson of "The Commodore" Cornelius Vanderbilt.
William Kissam Vanderbilt The second son of William Henry Vanderbilt, from whom he inherited $55 million, and grandson of "The Commodore" Cornelius Vanderbilt, 1886-1902
William Warren Vaughn 1919-1931
George Whitney 1928-1941

Associate Members: (This class of membership was adopted in 1933)

Member Years
William Truman Aldrich 1933-?
Lynford Biddle 1928-1933
John Foster Dulles 1933-?
Robert Gardner ?
David Sinton Ingalls ?
Julian Myrick ?
George Herbert Walker 1933-?

Presidents

  • 1886–1887 — Lloyd Aspinwall
  • 1887–1896 — Henry Howland
  • 1897–1914 — Charles Lanier
  • 1914–1919 — Frederick Bourne
  • 1919–1927 — Dr. Walter James
  • 1927–1933 — Walter Jennings
  • 1933–1938 — J.P. Morgan, Jr.
  • 1938–1942 — Bernon Prentice

List of remaining resort homes

  • the duBignon House, built in 1884 in the Victorian stick style
  • the Jekyll Island Clubhouse, built in 1887 in the Victorian Queen Anne style
  • Hollybourne, built in 1890 in the early Mediterranean revival style
  • Furness Cottage, built in 1890 in the Queen Anne/shingle style
  • Rockefeller Indian Mound, built in 1892 in the Victorian Queen Anne style
  • San Souci, an early condominium complex, built in 1896 in the Victorian shingle style
  • Moss Cottage, built in 1896 in the Victorian style
  • the Ruins of Chicota, built in 1897 in the early Mediterranean style
  • Mistletoe, built in 1900 in the Dutch Colonial Revival style
  • Cherokee, built in 1904 in the late Italian Renaissance style
  • Faith Chapel, built in 1904 in the late Gothic revival style
  • Goodyear, built in 1906 in the early Mediterranean revival style
  • Crane Cottage, built in 1918 in the Mediterranean revival style
  • Villa Ospo, built in 1927 in the Mediterranean revival style
  • Villa Marrianna, built in 1929 in the Mediterranean revival style

Gallery

Jekyll Island Club, Georgia, wide view

Jekyll Island Club

Rockefeller Indian Mound house, Jekyll Island, Georgia

Rockefeller "Indian Mound" house

Mistletoe house, Jekyll Island, Georgia

Mistletoe house

Moss Cottage, Jekyll Island, Georgia

Moss Cottage

San Souci house on Jekyll Island, Georgia, US

San Souci house

DuBignon house on Jekyll Island, Georgia

duBignon house

Goodyear Cottage, Jekyll Island, Georgia

Goodyear Cottage

Georgia Sea Turtle Center, Jekyll Island, Georgia

Georgia Sea Turtle Center

See also

References

  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ "Jekyll Island". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2008-06-19. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  3. ^ "Jekyll Island Club Hotel, a Historic Hotels of America member". Historic Hotels of America. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
  4. ^ a b Hutto, Richard Jay (2006). Their Gilded Cage: The Jekyll Island Club Members. Macon, Georgia: Henchard Press, Ltd. ISBN 978-0-9770912-2-5.
  5. ^ Konolige, Kit & Frederica (1978). The power of their glory : America's ruling class, the Episcopalians (1st ed.). New York: Wyden Books. p. 79. ISBN 0883261553.
  6. ^ McCash, William Barton and June Hall McCash (1989). The Jekyll Island Club: Southern Haven for America's Millionaires. University of Georgia Press. ISBN 0-8203-1070-0.
  7. ^ Griffin, G. Edward (1998). The Creature from Jekyll Island : A Second Look at the Federal Reserve. American Media. ISBN 0-912986-21-2.
  8. ^ Bagwell, Tyler E. (2001). Images of America: Jekyll Island - A State Park. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 6–8. ISBN 0-7385-0572-2.
  9. ^ Bagwell, Tyler E.; The Jekyll Island Museum (1998). Images of America: The Jekyll Island Club. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-1796-4.

External links

Barbara Spofford Morgan

Barbara Spofford Morgan (July 15, 1887 - April 1, 1971) was an American educator, essayist on religion and a specialist in mental testing.

Cornelius Newton Bliss

Cornelius Newton Bliss (January 26, 1833 – October 9, 1911) was an American merchant, politician and art collector, who served as Secretary of the Interior in the administration of President William McKinley and as Treasurer of the Republican National Convention in four successive campaigns.

Cyrus McCormick Jr.

Cyrus Hall McCormick Jr. (May 16, 1859 – 1936) was an American businessman. He was president of the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company from 1884 to 1902.

Edwin Gould Sr.

Edwin Gould Sr. (February 26, 1866 – July 12, 1933) was an American investor and railway official.

Frederick Gilbert Bourne

Frederick Gilbert "Commodore" Bourne (December 20, 1851 – March 1919) was an American businessman. He served as the 5th President of the Singer Manufacturing Company between 1889 and 1905. He made the business "perhaps the first modern multinational industrial enterprise of any nationality".Bourne greatly expanded global production as well as international sales of the Singer sewing machine. Bourne was revolutionary to the sewing machine industry. He used the "installment plan" to make sewing machines a household item. Bourne is also remembered "among the most important innovators in building vertically integrated firms".In 1902 Frederick Bourne hired architect Ernest Flagg to build a small hunting lodge on the St. Lawrence River. This hunting lodge was based on a book written by Sir Walter Scott in 1826 called Woodstock. This book describes an elegant castle with secret passageways, tunnels, and a dungeon. This castle is today known as Singer Castle and is open for public tours.

A sailing enthusiast, Bourne served as a Commodore of the New York Yacht Club. He was also a member of the famous Jekyll Island Club (aka The Millionaires Club) on Jekyll Island, Georgia. Bourne owned many boats that he frequently used in New York City and at his summer home in the Thousand Islands.

James Ellsworth (industrialist)

James William Ellsworth (October 13, 1849 – June 2, 1925) was an American industrialist and a Pennsylvania coal mine owner. The coal town of Ellsworth, Pennsylvania is named after him. He also served as president of the Caxton Club and the Jekyll Island Club.

Ellsworth married Eva Francis Butler on November 4, 1874. They had two children, Lincoln and Claire. But Mrs. Ellsworth died in 1888 at the age of 36. In 1895, Ellsworth married a second time to Julia Clarke Fincke. The second Mrs. Ellsworth lived to be 74 years old; she died in 1921.

In 1907, following the completion of the Monongahela Railway, Ellsworth sold the coal mines to Bethlehem Steel and purchased the Villa Palmieri, Fiesole, in part to further his interests as a collector of art and rare coins.His son, Lincoln Ellsworth, was a pilot in the Amundsen-Ellsworth Polar Flying Expedition of May 1925 which Ellsworth sponsored. In 1925, Ellsworth died of bronchial pneumonia at his villa near Florence, while awaiting the news of his son's safety.

Jekyll Island

Jekyll Island is located off the coast of the U.S. state of Georgia, in Glynn County. It is one of the Sea Islands and one of the Golden Isles of Georgia barrier islands. The island is owned by the State of Georgia and run by a self-sustaining, self-governing body.Long used seasonally by indigenous peoples of the region, beginning in the colonial era, some of its lands became privately owned. A few structures still stand made of tabby, a coastal building material of crushed oyster shells. The island was developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It was evacuated during World War II by order of the US government. In 1947 the state of Georgia acquired all the property, for security and preservation.

A popular tourist destination, the island has beaches frequented by vacationers. Guided tours of the Landmark Historic District are available. Bike trails, walks along the beaches and sandbars, and Summer Waves, a water park, are among the active attractions. The historic district features numerous impressive and ambitious buildings from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The island is also full of wildlife, consisting of many different mammals, reptiles, and birds living and breeding in the island's inland salt marshes. In 2018, Architectural Digest named Jekyll Island the 11th most beautiful small town in America.

Jekyll Island Museum

The MOSAIC (formerly known as the Jekyll Island Museum) is a history museum in the historic district of Jekyll Island of Georgia, in the United States.

The historic Club Stables, located on Stable Road, is now the home of the Jekyll Island Museum. This historic building was renovated by Weber Group, Inc. and Main Street Design in 2018, and plans to re-open spring of 2019. The museum features more exhibit space, more artifacts, a new outdoor classroom, and a new multi-purpose room. Constructed completely within the current footprint of the historic stables building, the new design will highlight the building’s construction with high, lofted ceilings and open space.

The museum serves as a gateway for daily tours of Jekyll Island’s 90-acre (360,000 m2) National Historic Landmark District, including the restored Indian Mound Cottage, a 25 room mansion, and the historic remains of Horton House. The Historic District includes the Jekyll Island Clubhouse (now the Jekyll Island Club hotel, a fully functional and award-winning four-star historic hotel), 11 cottages, the historic wharf (now a seafood restaurant), the historic power plant (now the Georgia Sea Turtle Center), club-era employee housing and a shopping area consisting of numerous historic buildings once used during the club-era.

John Stewart Kennedy

John Stewart Kennedy (January 4, 1830 – October 30, 1909) was a Scottish-born American businessman, financier and philanthropist. He was a member of the Jekyll Island Club (also known as The Millionaires' Club) on Jekyll Island, Georgia along with J.P. Morgan and William Rockefeller among others.

He married Ms. Emma Baker (1833-1930), of Elizabeth, New Jersey in 1858 (two years after moving to New York City). He had no children but mentored his sister Mary Kennedy's son John Kennedy Tod in the international banking and investment profession.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Glynn County, Georgia

This is a list of properties and districts in Glynn County, Georgia that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019.

Old South

Geographically, the Old South is a subregion farming country of the American South, differentiated from the Deep South by being limited to those Southern laws, states represented among the original thirteen British colonies which became the first thirteen U.S. states. Culturally, "Old South" is used to describe the rural, agriculturally-based, pre-Civil War economy and society in the Southern United States, in contrast to the post-war New South.

Oliver Burr Jennings

Oliver Burr Jennings (June 3, 1825 – February 12, 1893) was an American businessman and one of the original stockholders in Standard Oil.

Pierre Lorillard II

Pierre Abraham Lorillard II or Peter Abraham Lorillard II (September 7, 1764 – May 23, 1843), also known as Peter Lorillard, Jr., was an American tobacco manufacturer, industrialist, banker, businessman, and real estate tycoon.

Rockefeller Cottage

The Rockefeller Cottage, also known as Indian Mound Cottage, is a house on Jekyll Island, Georgia. It is next to the Jekyll Island Club. It stands three stories high, and has a total of 25 rooms. There are nine bedrooms, nine bathrooms, and seven servant rooms. The house has many distinguishing features such as an elevator, a cedar-lined walk-in safe, and taps for hot and cold salt water on the bathtub in the master bedroom bath. Tours of the mansion are provided by the Jekyll Island Museum.

SS Alanson B. Houghton

SS Alanson B. Houghton was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II. She was named after Alanson B. Houghton, the vice president and later president of Corning Glass Works, a member of the United States House of Representatives from New York (1919–1922), the United States Ambassador to Germany (1922–1925), United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (1925–1929), and a member of the Jekyll Island Club.

William Kissam Vanderbilt

William Kissam Vanderbilt I (December 12, 1849 – July 22, 1920) was an American heir, businessman, philanthropist and horsebreeder. Born into the Vanderbilt family, he managed his family's railroad investments.

William Rockefeller

William Avery Rockefeller, Jr. (May 31, 1841 – June 24, 1922) was an American businessman and financier. He was a co-founder of Standard Oil along with his older brother John Davison Rockefeller (1839–1937). He was also a prominent member of the Rockefeller family.

William Tuthill

William Burnet Tuthill (February 11, 1855 – August 25, 1929) was an American architect celebrated for designing New York City's Carnegie Hall.

Topics
Lists by state
Lists by insular areas
Lists by associated state
Other areas

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.