Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (August 18, 1863 – March 18, 1930) was an American painter best known for his series of 78 scenes from American history, entitled The Pageant of a Nation, the largest series of American historical paintings by a single artist.
Jean Leon Gerome Ferris
The First Thanksgiving 1621
|Born||August 18, 1863|
|Died||March 18, 1930 (aged 66)|
|Education||Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts|
Ferris was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Stephen James Ferris, a portrait painter who was a devotee of Jean-Léon Gérôme (after whom he was named) and also an admirer of Mariano Fortuny. He grew up around art; he was trained by his father and his uncles Edward Moran and Thomas Moran were both acclaimed painters.
Ferris enrolled in the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1879 and trained further at the Académie Julian beginning in 1883 under William-Adolphe Bouguereau. He also met his namesake Jean-Léon Gérôme, who greatly influenced his decision to paint scenes from American history. Ferris wrote, "[Gérôme's] axiom was that one would paint best that with which he is most familiar".
His early subjects were Orientalist in nature since that movement was in vogue when he was young. In 1882, he exhibited a painting entitled Feeding the Ibis which was valued at $600. By 1895, he had gained a reputation as a historical painter, and he embarked on his dream of creating a series of paintings that told a historical narrative. In 1898, he sold General Howe's Levee, 1777, but he later realized that such a series could not be complete if the separate paintings could not be kept together. Consequently, he never sold another, but he did sell the reproduction rights to various publishing companies. This had the effect of greatly popularizing his work, as these companies made prints, postcards, calendars, and blank-backed trade cards to use in advertisements. Laminated cards of these works were still being sold as late as 1984.
Ferris married Annette Amelia Ryder in 1894, and the couple had a daughter named Elizabeth Mary. He died in Philadelphia in 1930.
The paintings showed idealized portrayals of famous moments from American history. The complete series was shown at Independence Hall in Philadelphia from 1913 to 1930, then moved next door to Congress Hall. In later years, it was shown in a number of locations, including the Smithsonian Institution, before being returned to the Ferris family. His works were widely popular for many years, but modern critics are far less generous in their praise. The American Philosophical Society claims that his historical paintings confuse "verity with verisimilitude", and art historian Gerald Ackerman describes them as "splendid in the accuracy of accessories, clothing and especially in the details of land conveyances and ships", but "extremely dry in execution and rather monotonous in composition."
The year 1899 in art involved some significant events.August 18
August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 135 days remain until the end of the year.Betsy Ross flag
The Betsy Ross flag is an early design of the flag of the United States, attributed to Betsy Ross, using the common motifs of alternating red-and-white striped field with five-pointed stars in a blue canton. Grace Rogers Cooper noted that the first documented usage of this flag was in 1792. The flag features 13 stars to represent the original 13 colonies with the stars arranged in a circle.Edward Fuller (Mayflower passenger)
Edward Fuller (1575 – winter of 1620/21) was a passenger on the historic 1620 voyage of the ship Mayflower. He was a signatory to the Mayflower Compact and perished with his wife soon after the passengers came ashore to their new settlement at Plymouth.Edward Moran
Edward Moran (August 19, 1829 – June 8, 1901) was an American artist of maritime paintings. He is arguably most famous for his series of 13 historical paintings of United States marine history.Edward Percy Moran
Edward Percy Moran (1862–1935), sometimes known as Percy Moran, was an American artist known for his scenes of American history.
He was born in Philadelphia to Edward Moran, a notable artist who emigrated from England to the United States. He studied under his father and at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and the National Academy of Design. He was a painter of historical American subjects, and examples of his work are found in many prominent collections. He died in New York City in 1935.
His brother Leon Moran (born 1864), his uncles Peter Moran (born 1842) and Thomas Moran, and his cousin Jean Leon Gerome Ferris were also prominent American artists.Ferris (name)
Ferris is both a given name and a family name. It is related to the name Fergus in Ireland, and the name Ferrers in England. In Ireland, the Ferris family of County Kerry derives its surname from the patronymic Ó Fearghusa.Gerome (given name)
Gerome is an American masculine given name. The spelling Gérôme is also occasionally found for Jérôme in France, both as a surname and first name.
Gerome Kamrowski (1914–2004), American artist
Gerome Ragni (1935–1991), American actor, singer and songwriter
Gerome Sapp (born 1981), American football safety
Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863–1930), American artistJohn Alden
Capt. John Alden Sr. (c. 1598–1687) was a crew member on the historic 1620 voyage of the Pilgrim ship Mayflower. Rather than return to England with the ship, he stayed at what became Plymouth Colony. He was hired in Southampton, England, as the ship's cooper, responsible for maintaining the ship's barrels. He was a signatory to the Mayflower Compact. He married fellow Mayflower passenger Priscilla Mullins, whose entire family perished in the first winter.
He served in a number of important government positions such as Assistant Governor, Duxbury Deputy to the General Court of Plymouth, Captain Myles Standish's Duxbury militia company, a member of the Council of War, Treasurer of Plymouth Colony, and Commissioner to Dartmouth.John Billington
John Billington (also spelled as Billinton) (c. 1580 – September 30, 1630) was an Englishman who travelled to the New World on the Mayflower and was one of the signers of the Mayflower Compact.John Carver (Plymouth Colony governor)
John Carver (before 1584–1621) was one of the Pilgrims who braved the Mayflower voyage in 1620 which resulted in the creation of Plymouth Colony in America. He is credited with writing the Mayflower Compact and was its first signer, and he was also the first governor of Plymouth Colony.John Crackston
Surname also spelled as Craxston or Crakstone
John Crackston (c.1575 – c.1620/21) was an English Separatist from Holland who came with his son John on the historic 1620 voyage of the Pilgrim ship Mayflower. He was a signatory to the Mayflower Compact, but perished with the first Pilgrims to die the winter of 1620, exact date unknown. His son John later died in his twenties.John Tilley (Mayflower passenger)
John Tilley (c.1571- winter of 1620/21) and his family were passengers on the historic 1620 voyage of the Mayflower. He was a signatory to the Mayflower Compact, and died with his wife in the first Pilgrim winter in the New World.Mayflower Compact
The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony. It was written by the male passengers of the Mayflower, consisting of separatist Puritans, adventurers, and tradesmen. The Puritans were fleeing from religious persecution by King James of England.
The Mayflower Compact was signed aboard ship on November 11, 1620. They used the Julian Calendar, also known as Old Style dates, which was ten days behind the Gregorian Calendar. Signing the covenant were 41 of the ship's 101 passengers while the Mayflower was anchored in Provincetown Harbor within the hook at the northern tip of Cape Cod.Moses Fletcher
Moses Fletcher (c.1564-1620/1). In Pilgrim records written by William Bradford his name is given as "Moyses Fletcher." He came to America on the historic 1620 voyage of the Pilgrim ship Mayflower. He was a signatory to the Mayflower Compact and perished shortly thereafter in the Pilgrims first winter in the New World.Richard Warren
Richard Warren (c. 1578 – c.1628) was one of the passengers on the Pilgrim ship Mayflower and a signer of the Mayflower Compact.Robert Maynard
Robert Maynard (19 September 1684 – 4 January 1751) was a British lieutenant and later captain in the Royal Navy. Little is known about Maynard's early life, other than he was born in England in 1684 and then later joined Navy. He was made a lieutenant in January 1707, and by 1709 was third lieutenant on HMS Bedford. In November 1718, Maynard was tasked with hunting down and killing the notorious pirate Blackbeard. While leading HMS Pearl, Maynard lured Blackbeard into attacking his ship off the coast of North Carolina, and after confronting the pirate in combat was able to kill him.
Expecting to be rewarded for his actions, Maynard was never fully compensated or paid for the expedition. He was eventually promoted to commander in 1739, and to captain in 1740, before passing away at the age of 66 in his home county of Kent, England.The Fall of New Amsterdam
The Fall of New Amsterdam is a historical painting by the American artist Jean Leon Gerome Ferris.Thomas Tinker
Thomas Tinker (c.1581–1620/21) and his family, comprising his wife and son, came in 1620 as English Separatists from Holland on the historic voyage of the Pilgrim Ship Mayflower. He was a signatory to the Mayflower Compact but he and his family all perished in the winter of 1620/1621, described by Bradford as having died in "the first sickness."