Jayson Blair

Jayson Thomas Blair (born March 23, 1976) is a former American journalist who worked for The New York Times. He resigned from the newspaper in May 2003 in the wake of the discovery of plagiarism and fabrication in his stories.

Blair published a memoir of this period, entitled Burning Down My Master's House (2004), recounting his career, a diagnosis of bipolar disorder after his resignation, and his view of race relations at the newspaper. He later established a support group for people with bipolar disorder and became a life coach.

Jayson Blair
Born
Jayson Thomas Blair

March 23, 1976 (age 42)
Columbia, Maryland, United States
Alma materUniversity of Maryland, College Park
Occupation
  • Writer
  • journalist
  • life coach

Background

Blair was born in Columbia, Maryland, the son of a federal executive and a schoolteacher. While attending the University of Maryland, College Park, he was a student journalist. For 1996–1997, he was selected as the second African-American editor-in-chief of its student newspaper, The Diamondback. According to a 2004 article by the Baltimore Sun, some of his fellow students opposed his selection.[1]

After a summer interning at The New York Times in 1998, Blair was offered an extended internship there. He declined in order to complete more coursework for graduation. But he returned to the Times in June 1999, with a year of coursework left to complete.[2] That November, he was classified as an "intermediate reporter".[2] He was later promoted to a full reporter and then to editor.

Plagiarism and fabrication scandal

On April 28, 2003, Blair received a call from Times national editor James Roberts asking him about similarities between a story he had written two days earlier[3] and one published April 18 by San Antonio Express-News reporter Macarena Hernandez.[4] The senior editor of the Express-News had contacted the Times about the similarities between Blair's article in the Times and Hernandez's article in his paper.[1]

The resulting inquiry led to the discovery of fabrication and plagiarism in a number of articles written by Blair.[5] Some fabrications include Blair's claims to have traveled to the city mentioned in the dateline, when in fact he did not.

Suspect articles include the following:[6]

  • In the October 30, 2002 piece "US Sniper Case Seen as a Barrier to a Confession", Blair wrote that a dispute between police authorities had ruined the interrogation of Beltway sniper suspect John Muhammad and that Muhammad was about to confess, quoting unnamed officials.[7] This was swiftly denied by everyone involved. Blair also named certain lawyers, who were not present, as having witnessed the interrogation.[6]
  • In the February 10, 2003 piece "Peace and Answers Eluding Victims of the Sniper Attacks", Blair claimed to be in Washington.[8] He allegedly plagiarized quotations from a Washington Post story and fabricated quotations from a person he had never interviewed. Blair ascribed a wide range of attributes to a man featured in the article, almost all of which the man in question denied. Blair also published information that he had promised was to be off the record.[6]
  • In the March 3, 2003 piece "Making Sniper Suspect Talk Puts Detective in Spotlight", Blair claimed to be in Fairfax, Virginia.[9] He described a videotape of Lee Malvo, the younger defendant in the case, being questioned by police and quoted officials' review of the tape. No such tape existed. Blair also claimed a detective noticed blood on a man's jeans leading to a confession, which had not occurred.[6]
  • In the March 27, 2003 piece "Relatives of Missing Soldiers Dread Hearing Worse News", Blair claimed to be in West Virginia.[10] He allegedly plagiarized quotations from an Associated Press article. He claimed to have spoken to the father of Jessica Lynch, who had no recollection of meeting Blair; said "tobacco fields and cattle pastures" were visible from Lynch's parents' house when they were not; erroneously stated that Lynch's brother was in the National Guard; misspelled Lynch's mother's name; and fabricated a dream that he claimed she had had.[6]
  • In the April 3, 2003 piece "Rescue in Iraq and a 'Big Stir' in West Virginia", Blair claimed to have covered the Lynch story from her hometown of Palestine, West Virginia.[11] Blair never traveled to Palestine, and his entire contribution to the story consisted of rearranged details from Associated Press stories.[6]
  • In the April 7, 2003 piece "For One Pastor, the War Hits Home", Blair wrote of a church service in Cleveland and an interview with the minister.[12] Blair never went to Cleveland; he spoke to the minister by telephone, and copied portions of the article from an earlier Washington Post article. He also plagiarized quotations from The Plain Dealer and New York Daily News. He fabricated a detail about the minister keeping a picture of his son inside his Bible and got the name of the church wrong.[6]
  • In the April 19, 2003 piece "In Military Wards, Questions and Fears from the Wounded", Blair described interviewing four injured soldiers in a naval hospital.[13] He had never gone to the hospital and had spoken to only one soldier by telephone, to whom he later attributed made-up quotes. Blair wrote that the soldier "will most likely limp the rest of his life and need to use a cane", which was untrue. He said another soldier had lost his right leg when it had been amputated below the knee. He described two soldiers as being in the hospital at the same time, but they were admitted five days apart.[6]

After internal investigations, The New York Times reported on Blair's journalistic misdeeds in an "unprecedented"[14] 7,239-word front-page story on May 11, 2003, headlined "Times Reporter Who Resigned Leaves Long Trail of Deception."[2] The story called the affair "a low point in the 152-year history of the newspaper."[2] On the NPR radio show Talk of the Nation, Blair explained that his fabrications started with what he thought was a relatively innocent infraction: using a quote from a press conference which he had missed. He described a gradual process whereby his ethical violations became worse, and contended that his main motivation was a fear of not living up to the expectations that he and others had for his career.

After the scandal broke, some 30 former staffers of The Diamondback, who had worked with Blair when he was editor-in-chief at the university newspaper, signed a 2003 letter alleging that Blair had made four serious errors as a reporter and editor while at the University of Maryland. They said these and his work habits brought his integrity into question. The letter-signers alleged that questions raised by some of these staffers at the time were ignored by Maryland Media, Inc. (MMI), the board that owned the paper.[1][15]

Aftermath

The investigation, known as the Siegal committee, found heated debate among the staff over affirmative action hiring, as Blair is African American. Jonathan Landman, Blair's editor, told the Siegal committee he felt that Blair's being black played a large part in the younger man's initial promotion in 2001 to full-time staffer. "I think race was the decisive factor in his promotion," he said. "I thought then and I think now that it was the wrong decision."[16]

Others disagreed. Five days later, New York Times op-ed columnist Bob Herbert, an African American, asserted in his column that race had nothing to do with the Blair case:

"Listen up: the race issue in this case is as bogus as some of Jayson Blair's reporting." Herbert said, "[F]olks who delight in attacking anything black, or anything designed to help blacks, have pounced on the Blair story as evidence that there is something inherently wrong with The New York Times's effort to diversify its newsroom, and beyond that, with the very idea of a commitment to diversity or affirmative action anywhere. And while these agitators won't admit it, the nasty subtext to their attack is that there is something inherently wrong with blacks."[17]

Two senior editors, Executive Editor Howell Raines and Managing Editor Gerald Boyd, resigned after losing newsroom support in the aftermath of the scandal.

After resigning from The New York Times, Blair struggled with severe depression and, according to his memoir, entered a hospital for treatment. He was diagnosed with bipolar disorder for the first time. He has acknowledged that he had been self-medicating when he was dealing with substance abuse of alcohol and cocaine in earlier years.[18]

Later career

Blair later returned to college to complete his postponed degree. At one time he said he considered going into politics.[19]

The year after he left the Times, Blair wrote a memoir, Burning Down My Master's House, published by New Millennium Books in 2004. Its initial print run was 250,000 copies; some 1,400 were sold in its first nine days.[20] The Associated Press reported that the potential audience for his book may have gained enough information from the New York Times coverage of the reporting scandal. Although most reviews were critical, sales of the book increased after Blair was interviewed by King and Fox News Channel host Bill O'Reilly.[21]

In his book Blair revealed extended substance abuse, which he had ended before he resigned from the newspaper, and a struggle with bipolar disorder, which was diagnosed and first treated after he resigned. He also discussed journalistic practices at the Times, and his view of race relations and disagreements among senior editors at the newspaper.

In 2006 Blair was running a support group for people with bipolar disorder, for which he has received continuing treatment.[22] In 2007 he became a life coach, working in Virginia, opening his own coaching center five years later. [23] He was still working in this field in 2016.[24]

In popular culture

  • Choke Point, the play written by Colm Byrne and produced in 2007 in Los Angeles by Che'rae Adams, is based on Blair's downfall.[25]
  • A play about Blair, CQ/CX, written by Gabe McKinley, was produced by the Atlantic Theater Company in 2012.[14] McKinley knew Blair personally, having worked at the Times during the period Blair was there.[26]
  • The television series Law & Order used the Blair story as the inspiration for Episode 14.02: "Bounty".[27]
  • In the television series Law & Order: Criminal Intent, the Blair story inspired an episode about a young journalist in the third season episode "Pravda" (3.5).[28]
  • Season 5 of the HBO series The Wire dealt with the subject of journalist fabrication, as well as the decline of print journalism. It mentions Jayson Blair in the last episode. The Wire creator David Simon had been a Baltimore Sun journalist and worked on The Diamondback, the student newspaper at the University of Maryland, College Park, where Blair was editor.
  • A 2003 series of Pearls Before Swine comic strips portray Rat writing fraudulent New York Times stories on former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein.[29]
  • A scene in Gilmore Girls episode "The Reigning Lorelai" (4.16) shows Rory's editor, Doyle, becoming frustrated with the way Yale Daily News staffers act in the newsroom, calling it "the breeding ground for the next Jayson Blair."
  • A documentary film featuring Jayson Blair was made by director/producer Samantha Grant. A Fragile Trust: Plagiarism, Power, and Jayson Blair at The New York Times premiered at the Sheffield International Documentary Film Festival on June 14, 2013.[30]
  • An episode of the television series The Simpsons based a joke on the Blair story in Episode 15.22: "Fraudcast News". Milhouse tells Lisa he's sorry but a story he "filed from Baghdad was all made up, (he) was actually in Basrah."[31]
  • During the White House Correspondents' Dinner 2008, in response to the New York Times declining to attend that year because they felt the event undercut the credibility of the press,[32][33] Craig Ferguson remarked "I thought Jayson Blair and Judith Miller took care of that".

See also

Bibliography

  • Blair, Jayson (2004). Burning Down My Masters' House: My Life at the New York Times. New Millennium Press. ISBN 1-932407-26-X.

References

  1. ^ a b c Folkenflik, David (February 29, 2004). "The Making of Jayson Blair". Baltimore Sun.
  2. ^ a b c d "Times Reporter Who Resigned Leaves Long Trail of Deception". The New York Times. May 11, 2003.
  3. ^ Blair, Jayson (April 26, 2003). "AFTEREFFECTS: THE MISSING; Family Waits, Now Alone, for a Missing Soldier". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  4. ^ "MySA.com: Iraq: After the War". 2008. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
  5. ^ Rosen, Jill (June–July 2003). "All about the retrospect: Jayson Blair charmed and dazzled the right people on his rapid rise from cocky college student to New York Times national reporter. But he left plenty of clues about the serious problems that lay beneath the surface". American Journalism Review. College Park: University of Maryland. 25 (5): 32+.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "CORRECTING THE RECORD; Witnesses and Documents Unveil Deceptions In a Reporter's Work". New York Times. May 11, 2003. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  7. ^ Blair, Jayson (October 30, 2002). "Retracing A Trail: The Investigation; U.S. Sniper Case Seen As A Barrier To A Confession". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  8. ^ Blair, Jayson (February 10, 2003). "Peace and Answers Eluding Victims of the Sniper Attacks". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  9. ^ Blair, Jayson (March 3, 2003). "Making Sniper Suspect Talk Puts Detective in Spotlight". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  10. ^ Blair, Jayson (March 27, 2003). "A NATION AT WAR: MILITARY FAMILIES; Relatives of Missing Soldiers Dread Hearing Worse News". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  11. ^ Jehl, Douglas; Blair, Jayson (April 3, 2003). "A NATION AT WAR: THE HOMETOWN; Rescue in Iraq and a 'Big Stir' in West Virginia". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  12. ^ Blair, Jayson (April 7, 2003). "A NATION AT WAR: THE FAMILIES; For One Pastor, the War Hits Home". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  13. ^ Blair, Jayson (April 19, 2003). "A NATION AT WAR: VETERANS; In Military Wards, Questions and Fears From the Wounded". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  14. ^ a b Rizzo, Frank (February 15, 2012). "'CQ/CX' by Gabe McKinley at Peter Norton Space". New York Times.
  15. ^ Jason Flanagan. "Former Blair co-workers claim warnings ignored". The Diamondback. UWIRE.com. Archived from the original on January 15, 2006. Retrieved June 13, 2003.
  16. ^ "Jayson Blair: A Case Study of What Went Wrong at The New York Times". PBS. 2008. Archived from the original on August 19, 2008. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
  17. ^ Herbert, Bob (May 19, 2003). "Truth, Lies and Subtext". The New York Times.
  18. ^ Letter by Jayson Blair: "Blair: Outsourcing EAP is a mistake", Poynter Online, 15 June 2005
  19. ^ Perrone, Matthew (June 9, 2005). "Jayson Blair searches for new life, reflects ..." Fairfax County Times. Archived from the original on December 1, 2006.
  20. ^ "Ex-journalists' books not selling". Los Angeles Times. March 20, 2004.
  21. ^ Associated Press, "Few buyers for books by disgraced journalists Jayson Blair and Stephen Glass", USA Today, 18 March 2004
  22. ^ Caesar, Ed (May 3, 2006). "Jayson Blair: The man who fooled America". The Independent. Retrieved July 2, 2017.
  23. ^ http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/02/20/disgraced-journalist-jayson-blair-is-now-a-life-coach/
  24. ^ https://www.washingtonian.com/2016/04/07/jayson-blair-university-of-maryland-philip-merrill-college/
  25. ^ Colm Byrne (September 15, 2007). "Choke Point Theatre Review". Three Weeks Magazine.
  26. ^ Zeitchik, Steven (February 24, 2012). "Ripped from the fake headlines". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 15, 2017.
  27. ^ Faile, Chris (July 31, 2003). ""Law & Order" Takes on The New York Times Scandal". Filmjerk.com. Retrieved October 15, 2017.
  28. ^ Faile, Chris (September 22, 2003). ""Law & Order" Franchise to Give Jayson Blair/New York Times Saga One More". Filmjerk.com. Retrieved October 15, 2017.
  29. ^ Amazon.com
  30. ^ "Synopsis". A Fragile Trust website. A Fragile Trust. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
  31. ^ [1]
  32. ^ [2]
  33. ^ [3]

Further reading

External links

A Fragile Trust

A Fragile Trust: Plagiarism, Power, and Jayson Blair at The New York Times is a 2013 documentary film by director/producer Samantha Grant about Jayson Blair, a former journalist at The New York Times who was discovered copying the work of other reporters in 2003. The film explores Blair's rise as a promising young journalist and his decline into a spiral of lies, drugs, and mental illness. The documentary also explores how Blair's deception was handled by The Times' editorial staff and how many other media outlets covered the scandal as an issue as race, asserting that Blair's plagiarism was overlooked by superiors because he is African American.A Fragile Trust had its film festival debut June 2013 at the Sheffield Doc/Fest in Sheffield, England. It premiered in the United States on April 11, 2014, and screened at cities and universities across the U.S. and internationally. The film had its national theatrical release on April 11, 2014 and its national PBS broadcast premiere on May 5, 2014, as part of the Independent Lens documentary series. A companion Web-browser-based video game entitled Decisions on Deadline was released alongside the film designed to simulate the ethical choices journalists must make.

Colm Byrne

Colm Byrne (born 1966) is an Irish playwright. He was born in Limerick and lives in Galway. His plays have been noted as political, lively

and poetic. He is a recipient of a Bay Area Critics Circle award and is a writer in residence with the LA Writer's Center.

Correction (newspaper)

A correction in a newspaper is usually the posting of the notice of a typographical error or mistake that appeared in a past issue of a newspaper. Usually, a correction notice appears in its own column.

Newspapers usually have specific policies for readers to report factual errors. Usually, it involves the reader contacting an editor (either by phone or in-person visit), pointing out the mistake and providing the correct information. Sometimes, an editor or affected reporter will be asked to refer to a note or press release to determine how the mistake was made.

A correction differs from a clarification, which clears up a statement that – while factually correct – may result in a misunderstanding or an unfair assumption.

Most corrections are the result of reporting errors or typographical mistakes, although sometimes the newspaper was provided incorrect information.

Detention of the Dead

Detention of the Dead is a 2012 American comedy horror film written and directed by Alex Craig Mann, based on the Rob Rinow stage play of the same name. Filming began in spring 2011. It had a small theatrical release in Los Angeles on June 28, 2013, and was released on DVD on July 23, 2013.

Gerald M. Boyd

Gerald Michael Boyd (October 3, 1950 – November 23, 2006) was an American journalist and editor. He was the first African-American metropolitan editor and managing editor at The New York Times, after joining the newspaper in 1983 in its Washington, DC bureau. A controversy in 2003 about the reporting of Jayson Blair forced both Boyd and the Executive Editor, Howell Raines, to resign that year.

Boyd had started his journalism career in 1973 at the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, in his hometown city, after graduating from the University of Missouri. In 1977 he and a colleague, George Curry, founded the Greater St. Louis Association of Black Journalists. In addition, they established a program to train black high school students in the business. Raines received a Nieman Fellowship in 1979.

Haunting on Fraternity Row

Haunting on Fraternity Row is a 2018 American supernatural horror film directed by Brant Sersen and written by Jeff Cahn and Sersen. The film stars Jacob Artist, Jayson Blair and Shanley Caswell. It was released on DVD on November 2, 2018.

Howell Raines

Howell Hiram Raines (; born February 5, 1943) is an American journalist, editor, and writer. He was Executive Editor of The New York Times from 2001 until he left in 2003 in the wake of the scandal related to reporting by Jayson Blair. In 2008, Raines became a contributing editor for Condé Nast Portfolio, writing the magazine's media column. After beginning his journalism career working for southern newspapers, he joined the Times in 1978, as a national correspondent based in Atlanta. His positions included political correspondent and bureau chief in Atlanta and Washington, DC, before joining the New York City staff in 1993.

Raines has also published a novel, two memoirs, and an oral history of the civil rights movement.

Jason Blair

Jason Blair may refer to:

Jason Blair, contestant on the British reality television programme Dumped

Jason Blair (basketball) from 2008–09 LEB Oro season

Jason Blair (coach) from 2011 AFL Under 18 Championships

Jason Blair (politician) from United States House of Representatives elections, 2006

Jayson

Jayson is a masculine given name. Notable people with the name include:

Jayson P. Ahern, United States Department of Homeland Security official

Jayson Blair (born 1976), American journalist

Jayson Blair (actor) (born 1984), American actor

Jayson Bukuya (born 1989), Fijian rugby league player

Jayson Daniels (born 1971), Australian rules footballer

Jayson Dénommée (born 1977), Canadian figure skater

Jayson Durocher (born 1974), American baseball player

Jayson Foster (born 1985), American football player

Jayson Gonzales (born 1969), Filipino chess grandmaster

Jayson Granger (born 1989), Uruguayan basketball player

Jayson Hale (born 1985), American snowboarder

Jayson Jones (born 1977), German-born Belizean runner

Jayson Leutwiler (born 1989), Swiss footballer

Jayson Mansaray (born 1986), Australian-born British television journalist

Jayson Megna (born 1990), American ice hockey player

Jayson Mena (born 1992), Chilean footballer

Jayson More (born 1969), Canadian ice hockey player

Jayson Musson, American artist

Jayson Nix (born 1982), American baseball player

Jayson Obazuaye (born 1984), Nigerian basketball player

Jayson Rego, American rugby league player

Jayson Sherlock (born 1970), Australian drummer

Jayson Stark (born 1951), American sportswriter

Jayson Swain (born 1984), American football player

Jayson Tatum (born 1998), American basketball player

Jayson Trommel (born 1982), Dutch footballer

Jayson Velez (born 1988), Puerto Rican boxer

Jayson Vemoa (born 1971), New Zealand kickboxer

Jayson Werth (born 1979), American baseball player

Jayson Williams (born 1968), American basketball player

Jayson Blair (actor)

Jayson Blair (born May 17, 1984) is an American actor. He has appeared in many films and television series, including being a cast member of the sitcoms The Hard Times of RJ Berger (2010–2011) and The New Normal (2012–2013).

John M. Geddes

John M. Geddes is an American journalist who served as one of two managing editors of The New York Times. He was appointed to that post in 2003, and left it in 2013.

Geddes served as managing editor for news operations (his co-managing editor was Dean Baquet, later appointed executive editor), with responsibilities including production, budgeting and staffing. He and Jill Abramson (formerly executive editor) were appointed to their positions by then-executive editor Bill Keller to succeed former managing editor Gerald M. Boyd. Boyd stepped down on June 5, 2003, along with the paper's former executive editor, Howell Raines, in the wake of the Jayson Blair scandal.

Life Sentence (TV series)

Life Sentence (stylized onscreen as L!fe Sentence) is an American comedy-drama series, created by Erin Cardillo & Richard Keith, which debuted on The CW as a midseason entry during the 2017–18 television season. The series premiered on March 7, 2018, and concluded on June 15, 2018, with a total of 13 episodes.On May 8, 2018, The CW cancelled Life Sentence after one season.

Metropolitan Television Alliance

The Metropolitan Television Alliance, LLC (MTVA) is group organized in the wake of the loss of the transmission facilities atop the World Trade Center in 2001. Its mission is to identify, design and build a facility suitable for the long-term requirements of its member stations to meet their over-the-air digital broadcast requirements. This could include designing facilities for the Freedom Tower in Lower Manhattan, assessing alternative sites and technologies and dealing with local, state and federal authorities on relevant issues.The group, which includes stations WABC-TV 7, WCBS-TV 2, WFUT–TV 68, WNBC–TV 4, WNET–TV 13, WNJU–TV 47, WNYE-TV 25, WNYW–TV 5, WPIX–TV 11, WPXN-TV 31, WWOR-TV 9 and WXTV–TV 41, signed a memorandum of understanding in 2003 with the developer, Larry A. Silverstein, to install antennas atop the Freedom Tower. Broadcasters have used the Empire State Building (and, to a lesser degree, 4 Times Square) since the September 11 attacks. In 2006, control of the project was transferred to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, with which further discussions have been ongoing.

The group received a grant from the NTIA to study distributed transmission system (DTS) in New York City. Multiple tests were run from various sites in the New York and Newark region in 2006 and 2007 by MTVA and individual member stations, with the use of distributed transmission on a permanent, non-experimental basis ultimately approved for US stations by the Federal Communications Commission on November 7, 2008.

In 2008, Saul Shapiro was appointed President.

Public editor

The job of the public editor is to supervise the implementation of proper journalism ethics at a newspaper, and to identify and examine critical errors or omissions, and to act as a liaison to the public. They do this primarily through a regular feature on a newspaper's editorial page. Because public editors are generally employees of the very newspaper they're criticizing, it may appear as though there is a possibility for bias. However, a newspaper with a high standard of ethics would not fire a public editor for a criticism of the paper; the act would contradict the purpose of the position and would itself be a very likely cause for public concern.

Many major newspapers in the U.S. use the public editor column as the voice for their ombudsman, though this is not always so. Public editor columns cover a broader scope of issues and do not have an accreditation process, while in order to qualify as an ombudsman of any standing one must be a member of the Organisation of News Ombudsmen.

The first newspaper to appoint an ombudsman was Tokyo's Asahi Shimbun in 1922; the first American newspapers to appoint a public editor were the Louisville Courier-Journal and Louisville Times in 1967.At The New York Times, the position was created in response to the Jayson Blair scandal. The Times' first public editor was Daniel Okrent, who held the position from December 2003 through May 2005. Okrent's successor was Byron Calame, who was followed by Clark Hoyt, who held the position for three years. In August 2010, Arthur S. Brisbane assumed the post and held it until 2012, when Margaret M. Sullivan took the position. in April, 2016, Sullivan left the position to become a media columnist at the Washington Post; her last column for the Times was dated April 16. She was replaced by Elizabeth Spayd in July 2016.

On May 31, 2017, the Times announced that it was eliminating the public editor position.

Roger Groot

Roger Douglas Groot (1942–2005) was the Class of 1975 Alumni Professor of Law at Washington and Lee University School of Law in Lexington, Virginia, where he had taught since 1973. Prior to graduating law school, he'd served six years in the United States Marine Corps, including a tour in Vietnam as an advisor to the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. He was an expert in criminal law and procedure, and the death penalty. Groot had been appointed counsel in several Virginia capital cases, appointed as defense legal analyst in federal death penalty cases, and consulted in several hundred capital cases, including Lee Boyd Malvo (Beltway Sniper) and Peter Odighizuwa (Appalachian School of Law shooting). At the time of Groot's death, none of his clients had been sent to death row.

New York Times reporter Jayson Blair wrote an article about Groot's defense of Malvo. However, the New York Times later noted that this article was among those where Blair misrepresented himself. Despite the byline stating that Blair was reporting from Lexington, VA, he did not go to Lexington and only interviewed Groot on the phone.Groot earned his B.A. degree from Vanderbilt University in 1963, and his J.D. degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1971.Groot authored many law review articles on criminal law/procedure topics, especially the early history of trial by jury.Groot regularly lectured at death penalty CLE programs, and was a member of the faculty, Virginia Death Penalty College. He was a frequent speaker to bar groups and specialty bars such as the Virginia Trial Lawyers Association and the Virginia College of Criminal Defense Attorneys.

Groot was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, Order of the Coif, a member of the Board of Governors of the Virginia Bar Association, and a Fellow of the Virginia Law Foundation. He died while hunting at the age of 63 on November 12, 2005, of a cardiac arrhythmia caused by idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.Virginia Senate Joint Resolution No. 18 honors the life of Groot.

Surface (magazine)

Surface magazine is an American publication covering design, architecture, fashion, culture and travel; it publishes 4 times a year. The publication has an online presence through the Surface 7 biweekly newsletter, as well as through social media.

The New Normal (TV series)

The New Normal is an American sitcom that aired on NBC from September 10, 2012, to April 2, 2013. The series was created and principally written by Ryan Murphy and Ali Adler. The storyline follows wealthy gay couple Bryan (Andrew Rannells) and David (Justin Bartha), who are living in Los Angeles. Deciding to have a child, they choose a surrogate mother, Goldie Clemmons (Georgia King), who moves into their home with her 9-year-old daughter Shania (Bebe Wood).

The series aired Tuesdays at 9:30 pm Eastern/8:30 pm Central after the new comedy series Go On, as part of the 2012–13 United States network television schedule. On October 2, 2012, NBC commissioned a full season of The New Normal.The New Normal was officially canceled on May 11, 2013.

The New York Times controversies

The New York Times has been the subject of criticism from a variety of sources. Criticism has been aimed at the newspaper has been in response to individual controversial reporters, along with alleged political bias.The New York Times used to have a public editor who acted as an ombudsman and "investigates matters of journalistic integrity". The sixth and last NYT public editor was Liz Spayd, who contributed her last piece in June 2017.

Tom Kummer

Tom Kummer (born January 14, 1961) is a Swiss journalist who published numerous celebrity profiles in Germany and Switzerland. Kummer never even met his subjects. His primary publisher, Süddeutsche Zeitung issued a public apology for running Kummer's stories, calling them "a betrayal of monumental proportions". His work was also published in Der Spiegel, Stern, the Tagesanzeiger, the Berner Zeitung, and the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Because of the timespan in which his bogus reporting appeared in print, he has earned comparisons to Jayson Blair and Stephen Glass.

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