Japanese cruiser Ashigara

Ashigara (足柄) was the final vessel of the four-member Myōkō class of heavy cruisers of the Imperial Japanese Navy, which were active in World War II.[2] The other ships of the class were Nachi, Myōkō, and Haguro.[3] Ashigara was named after Mount Ashigara on the border of Kanagawa and Shizuoka Prefectures.

Japanese cruiser Ashigara 1942
Ashigara in drydock at Singapore, December 1942
History
Empire of Japan
Name: Ashigara
Namesake: Mount Ashigara
Ordered: 1924
Builder: Kawasaki Shipyards, Kobe , Japan
Laid down: 11 April 1925
Launched: 22 April 1928
Commissioned: 20 August 1929
Fate: Sunk by HMS Trenchant in Bangka Strait, 8 June 1945
General characteristics
Class and type: Myōkō-class cruiser
Displacement:
  • 13,000 long tons (13,000 t) (design)
  • 14,743 long tons (14,980 t) (actual)
Length: 203.76 m (668 ft 6 in)
Beam:
  • 19 m (62 ft 4 in) (as built)
  • 20.73 m (68 ft 0 in) (final)
Draft:
  • 5.9 m (19 ft 4 in) (as built)
  • 6.37 m (20 ft 11 in) (final)
Propulsion:
  • 4-shaft geared turbines
  • 12 Kampon boilers
  • 130,000 shp
Speed:
  • 35.5 knots (40.9 mph; 65.7 km/h)(as built)
  • 33 knots (38 mph; 61 km/h) (final)
Range: 7,000 nmi (13,000 km) at 14 kn (16 mph; 26 km/h)
Complement: 920–970
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 3
Aviation facilities: 1x aircraft catapult
Service record
Part of: Empire of Japan Imperial Japanese Navy
Operations:

Background

Ashigara was approved under the 1922 Fleet Modernization Program as one of the first heavy cruisers to be built by Japan within the design constraints imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, and was one of the first of the "10,000 ton" cruisers built by any nation.[4] Naval architect Vice admiral Yuzuru Hiraga was able to keep the design from becoming dangerously top-heavy in its early years by continually rejecting demands from the Imperial Japanese Navy General Staff for additional equipment to the upper decks. However, during modifications and rebuildings in the 1930s, the final displacement rose to 15,933 tons, well over the treaty limits.[5]

Design

The Myōkō class displaced 13,500 t (13,300 long tons), with a hull design based on an enlarged version of the Aoba-class cruiser. Ashigara was 203.8 metres (669 ft) long, with a beam of 19.5 metres (64 ft), draft of 6.36 metres (20.9 ft) and were capable of 35.5 knots (65.7 km/h; 40.9 mph).[5] Propulsion was by 12 Kampon boilers driving four sets of single-impulse geared turbine engines, with four shafts turning three-bladed propellers. The ship was armored with a 102 mm side belt, and 35 mm armored deck; however, the bridge was not armored.[5]

Ashigara’s main battery was ten 20 cm/50 3rd Year Type naval guns, the heaviest armament of any heavy cruiser in the world at the time, mounted in five twin turrets.[5] Her secondary armament included eight 12.7 cm/40 Type 89 naval guns in four twin mounts on each side, and 12 Type 93 Long Lance torpedoes in four triple launchers positioned below the aircraft deck. Ashigara was also equipped with an aircraft catapult and carried up to three floatplanes for scouting purposes.[5]

Ashigara was laid down at the Kawasaki Shipyards in Kobe on 11 April 1925, launched and named on 22 April 1928, and was commissioned into the Imperial Japanese Navy on 20 August 1929.[3]

Ashigara was repeatedly modernized and upgraded throughout her career in order to counter the growing threat of air strikes.[4]

Operational history

Early service

All of the Myōkō-class cruisers were assigned to the Sasebo Naval District, forming Sentai-4 of the IJN 3rd Fleet, and trained as a unit during the 1930s. Ashigara was flagship of the unit under Vice Admiral Nobutarō Iida from 30 November 1929. During a naval review off Kobe on 26 October 1930 stack gases caused problems on the bridge, resulting in a lengthening of the forward smokestack by two meters.[5]

During the First Shanghai Incident of February 1932, the cruisers escorted the transports conveying elements of the Imperial Japanese Army to the continent. In December 1932, the cruisers were placed in reserve as the new Takao-class cruiser was commissioned, becoming the new Sentai-4, whereas the Myōkō class was shifted to Sentai-5.[5] Between 1933 and 1935, all Myōkō-class cruisers were retrofitted with their fixed triple torpedo launchers replaced by two quadruple rotatable launchers, and their secondary guns upgraded from 12 cm/45 10th Year Type naval guns to 12.7 cm/40 Type 89 naval gun.[4] During 1935 summer training off of Muroran, Hokkaido, a flashback during a gunnery exercise destroyed her No.2 turret, killing 41 crewmen. Repairs were completed by December.[6]

Ashigara
Ashigara at the Spithead Naval Review, Portsmouth, May 1937.

On 10 March 1937, Ashigara was assigned detached duty for a diplomatic mission to Europe for the coronation of King George VI. She departed Yokosuka, Kanagawa on 3 April, and called on Singapore, Aden, the Suez Canal and Malta on her way to Portsmouth, arriving 10 May. Following the 20 May naval review, Ashigara called on Kiel, Germany and the majority of the crew was allowed to visit Berlin, where the senior staff was received by Adolf Hitler on 24 May. On 31 May, Ashigara participated in the German Kriegsmarine Day naval review, celebrating the German World War I "victory" at the Battle of Jutland. She then returned to Japan via Gibraltar, Port Said (Egypt), and Colombo (Ceylon).[6]

During the Second Sino-Japanese War Ashigara was designated flagship of Sentai-5 on 5 July 1937. She led the convoy with the Imperial Japanese Army Expeditionary Army Headquarters to China on 21 August.[6]

SS President Hoover

In the early hours of 11 December 1937 the ocean liner SS President Hoover en route from Kobe to Manila ran aground in a typhoon on Kasho-to off Taiwan, and 14 hours later Ashigara and a Mutsuki-class destroyer arrived to assist.[7] The two warships stood by as Hoover's 330 crew got all 503 passengers and themselves ashore.[7]

On 12 December the Clemson-class destroyers USS Alden and USS Barker arrived and Ashigara cleared them to enter Japanese territorial waters.[7] On 13 December the liner SS President McKinley arrived to repatriate about 630 survivors, and on 14 December, Ashigara and her destroyer escort provided flat-bottomed boats to ferry them from the beach to a motor launch and lifeboats that took them out to the liner.[7] On 15 December the liner SS President Pierce evacuated the last 200 survivors, and Alden was allowed to remain to guard Hoover's wreck until Japanese authorities relieved her on 23 December.[7]

Pre-war

Captain Kuninori Marumo assumed command of Ashigara from 15 December 1937, followed by Captain Marquis Tadashige Daigo from 3 June until 1 December. Ashigara’s second reconstruction was completed at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal on 15 February 1939. She was commanded by Captain Michiaki Kamada from December 1938 to October 1940.[6] Ashigara participated in the occupation of Cochin China, arriving in Saigon on 29 July 1941. She returned to Sasebo in August and was appointed flagship for Vice Admiral Ibō Takahashi’s Sentai-16 on 2 December.

Second World War

At the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Ashigara deployed out of Mako Guard District in the Pescadores with the cruisers Maya and Kuma to support Japanese forces in the invasion of northern Luzon.[5] On 10 December, she was attacked by nine PBY Catalina bombers, which failed to score a hit. She was again unsuccessfully attacked by five USAAF B-17 Flying Fortress bombers the following day. She continued to support Japanese landing operations in the Philippines, as well as Balikpapan and Makassar in the Dutch East Indies through February 1942.[6] On 10 December Ashigara was in a holding position in the South China Sea about 200 miles (320 km) northwest of Manila Bay, with the heavy cruiser Maya, light cruiser Kuma, and destroyers Ikazuchi and Inazuma. Admiral Takahashi commanded the Philippine Invasion Force. His position was discovered by U. S. Navy air patrols from Luzon. PBY-4 #17 from VP 102, Patrol Wing TEN, flying an assigned sector, located the ships, and the contact report resulted in a strike. Five of the wing's PBY-4s, flying from NAS Sangley Point on Manila Bay, commanded by Lieutenant Commander J. V. Peterson, USN, attacked at noon time, dropping twenty 500 lb demolition bombs in a tight pattern from 13,500 feet. The splashes were clustered about close astern of the cruiser and at the time it was thought at least two bombs hit their target, which turned in a tight circle and appeared to be maneuvering with difficulty. No one observed any fire or smoke from the target ship. Flak was heavy, but only one PBY sustained minor damage. The two heavy cruisers were identified as battleships, the target ship thought to be Kongo, but this was officially downgraded to cruisers in subsequent reports. Two follow-up strikes by PBY-4s in the following hours failed to find the ships.[8]

In the Battle of the Java Sea on 1 March 1942, Ashigara shared in the sinking of the cruiser HMS Exeter and the destroyer HMS Encounter. On 10 March 1942, she became flagship for the Second Southern Expeditionary Fleet, and led the invasion of Christmas Island on 26 May 1942. She became flagship of the Southwest Area Fleet from 10 April 1942, and returned to Sasebo Naval Arsenal for a refit and repairs in June. She returned to Makassar in July to resume her position as flagship of the Second Southern Expeditionary Fleet, but for the rest of the year was primarily engaged as a rapid troop transport based out of Surabaya. She was dry-docked and repaired at Seletar Naval Base in Singapore at the end of the year.

In 1943 and early 1944, Ashigara performed guard and troop transport duties and saw no action. She returned to Yokosuka for a month in April, and a Type 21 radar was installed. In February 1944, she was reassigned to the IJN 5th Fleet for operations in northern waters. A Type 22 surface-search radar was installed in March, and she was based out of the Ōminato Guard District, together with the cruiser Nachi until the end of July. She was refitted at Kure Naval Arsenal in September, with additional Type 96 AA guns installed.[6]

In the Battle of Leyte Gulf on 24 October 1944, Ashigara, with Captain Hayao Miura in command, was assigned to Vice Admiral Kiyohide Shima's, force along with Nachi and eight destroyers. This force entered Surigao Strait on 25 October after Admiral Shōji Nishimura's First Raiding Force had been destroyed. Following the loss of the battleships Fusō and Nishimura's Yamashiro and their escorts at the hands of Rear Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf's fleet and aircraft, with Nishimura being killed aboard Yamashiro, Ashigara and Nachi fired their torpedoes and retreated (Nachi with damage from a collision with Mogami). Ashigara escaped to Palawan and from there to Brunei. She departed Burnei on 17 November with the battleship Haruna and cruiser Ōyodo, and on arriving in the Spratly Islands the following day became flagship under Vice Admiral Shima. On 20 November, she departed the Spratly Islands, arriving at Cam Ranh Bay, Indochina on 14 December, where Admiral Shima transferred his flag to Hyūga . Ashigara and Ōyodo and the destroyers Kiyoshimo, Asashimo, Kasumi, Kaya, Kashi, and Sugi were assigned to join the Raiding Force on the American beachhead in Mindoro in the Philippines. While approaching Mindoro, the Raiding Force was attacked by B-25 Mitchell bombers. Ashigara was damaged by a direct hit by a 500-lb bomb, but was still able to complete her mission, bombarding the American positions with over 200 shells and returning to Cam Ranh Bay on 29 December.[5]

Fate

On 26 January 1945, Ashigara was dry-docked in Singapore to repair bomb damage. On 5 February, she was transferred to the control of the 10th Area Fleet and spent the next five months transporting troops and supplies in the Dutch East Indies and the Bay of Bengal. On 22 April, she was attacked by the Royal Dutch Navy submarine HNLMS O 19, which fired four torpedoes, all of which missed.[6]

On 7 June 1945, Ashigara departed Batavia (present-day Jakarta) for Singapore with 1,600 troops on board, escorted by the destroyer Kamikaze. The U.S. Navy submarine USS Blueback reported their departure, but was unable to maneuver into an attack position. Blueback's contact report was received by the Royal Navy submarines HMS Trenchant and HMS Stygian, which lay in wait at the northern end of Bangka Strait, between Sumatra and Bangka Island. On the morning of 8 June 1945 Kamikaze and Trenchant spotted each other and exchanged fire, but both then lost contact with each other. While Kamikaze continued north and became entangled in combat with Stygian, Trenchant submerged, spotted Ashigara heading north at 1148, then made a difficult torpedo attack from a poor firing position abaft the cruiser's starboard beam, firing eight torpedoes from her bow tubes at 1212. Trapped between the Sumatran shore to port and a shoal to starboard, Ashigara nevertheless attempted to turn starboard to comb the torpedo tracks, but was unable to complete the maneuver in time and was hit five times at a range of 4,700 yards (4,300 m). Trenchant then fired two more torpedoes from her stern tubes, which missed, but Ashigara was already fatally damaged and sank at 1239 at 01°59′S 104°56′E / 1.983°S 104.933°ECoordinates: 01°59′S 104°56′E / 1.983°S 104.933°E.[6]

Kamikaze, having also lost contact with Stygian, turned back south too late to intercept Trenchant, who made her escape submerged. Kamikaze and two local vessels rescued 400 Japanese Army troops and 853 crewmen, including her captain, Rear Admiral Miura; however, over 1200 troops and 100 crewmen went down with the ship. Ashigara was struck from the IJN Navy List on 20 August 1945.

Commanding Officer

Chief Equipping Officer

No. Name Portrait Rank Term of Office
Start End
1 Inoue Chōji [9] Captain 8 February 1929 20 August 1929

Captain

No. Name Portrait Rank Term of Office
Start End
1 Inoue Chōji[9] Captain 20 August 1929 1 December 1930
2 Okazaki Tomisaburō [9] Captain 1 December 1930 15 November 1933
3 Yokoyama Sugao [9] Captain 15 November 1933 15 November 1935
4 Sakura Takeo [9] Captain 15 November 1935 1 December 1936
5 Takeda Moriji [9] Captain 1 December 1936 15 December 1937
6 Marumo Kuninori [9] Captain 15 December 1937 3 June 1938
7 Daigo Tadashige [9] Captain 3 June 1938 1 December 1938
8 Kamata Michiaki [9] Captain 1 December 1938 15 October 1940
9 Nakazawa Tasuku [9] Captain 15 October 1940 5 July 1941
10 Ichimiya Yoshiyuki [9] Captain 5 July 1941 25 September 1942
11 Ban Masami [9] Captain 25 September 1942 30 January 1944
12 Miura Hayao [9] Captain 30 January 1944 7 June 1945

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Lacroix, Japanese Cruisers, p. 808-809.
  2. ^ Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. page 81
  3. ^ a b Nishida, Ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy
  4. ^ a b c Chesneau, All the World’s Fighting Ships, p. 118.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Patton, Japanese Heavy Cruisers of World War Two, pp. 20-36
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Hackett, Bob; Sander Kingsepp (2009). "HIJMS Ashigara: Tabular Record of Movement". Junyokan!. combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  7. ^ a b c d e Tully, Anthony; Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander (2012). "Stranding of S.S. PRESIDENT HOOVER - December 1937". Rising Storm – The Imperial Japanese Navy and China 1931–1941. Imperial Japanese Navy Page. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  8. ^ U. S. Navy, War Diary, Commander Aircraft Asiatic Fleet / Commander Patrol Wing TEN.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m http://www.combinedfleet.com/ashigara.htm

References

  • D'Albas, Andrieu (1965). Death of a Navy: Japanese Naval Action in World War II. Devin-Adair Pub. ISBN 0-8159-5302-X.
  • Dull, Paul S. (1978). A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1941-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-097-1.
  • Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895-1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0-689-11402-8.
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-893-X.
  • Lacroix, Eric; Linton Wells (1997). Japanese Cruisers of the Pacific War. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-311-3.
  • Patton, Wayne (2006). Japanese Heavy Cruisers in World War II. Squadron Signal Publications. ISBN 0-89747-498-8.
  • Tamura, Toshio (2004). "Re: Japanese Cruiser Torpedoes". Warship International. XLI (4): 366–367. ISSN 0043-0374.
  • Watts, Anthony J. (1967). Japanese Warships of World War II. Doubleday & Company.
  • Whitley, M.J. (1995). Cruisers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-141-6.

External links

Action of 8 June 1945

The Action of 8 June 1945, sometimes called the Sinking of Ashigara was a naval action that resulted in the sinking of the heavy cruiser Ashigara of the Imperial Japanese Navy by the British Royal Navy submarine HMS Trenchant. Ashigara was transporting Japanese troops from Indonesia for the defence of Singapore, and the sinking resulted in a heavy loss of life.

Ashigara

Ashigara may refer to:

Ashigara Pass in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Mount Ashigara in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan

Ashigara Station (Kanagawa), a railway station in Odawara, Kanagawa, Japan

Ashigara Station (Shizuoka), a railway station in Oyama, Shizuoka, Japan

Japanese cruiser Ashigara, a cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy, named after the mountain

JS Ashigara (DDG-178), an Atago class destroyer of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force

Bangka Strait

Bangka Strait is the strait that separates the island of Sumatra from Bangka Island (Indonesian: Pulau Banka) in the Java Sea, Indonesia.

Green Island, Taiwan

Green Island, also known by other names, is a small volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean about 33 km (21 mi) off the eastern coast of Taiwan. It is 15.092 km2 (5.83 sq mi) at high tide and 17.329 km2 (6.69 sq mi) at low tide, making it the Republic of China's seventh-largest island. The island is administered as Lyudao Township, a rural township of Taitung County and one of the county's two offshore areas (the other being Orchid Island). The island once served as a penal colony for political prisoners during Taiwan's period of martial law, although today it is primarily known as a tourist hotspot.

HMS Trenchant (P331)

HMS Trenchant (P331) was a British T class submarine of the Second World War.

On completion she was given over to the crew of HMS Thrasher whose submarine was due for a refit.

Index of World War II articles (J)

J Malan Heslop

J. Aird Nesbitt

J. Allen Frear Jr.

J. B. Stoner

J. Braid

J. C. Gilbert

J. Caleb Boggs

J. Carson Mark

J. D. Salinger

J. D. Tippit

J. Douglas Blackwood

J. F. Lehmann

J. Fraser McLuskey

J. Henry Birtles

J. Howard Miller

J. J. Nickson

J. James Exon

J. Lawton Collins

J. Minos Simon

J. P. Donleavy

J. R. Wasson

J. Rayburn Bertrand

J. Robert Elliott

J. Roger Pichette

J. Roy Rowland

J. Salwyn Schapiro

J. T. Rutherford

J.R. Bhonsle

Jędrusie

Jānis Lipke

Jūrō Gotō

Józef Światło

Józef Arkusz

Józef Bartosik

Józef Batory

Józef Chaciński

Józef Chyliński

Józef Cukier

Józef Cyrankiewicz

Józef Franczak

Józef Garliński

Józef Gasienica

Józef Grzesiak

Józef Korbas

Józef Marcinkiewicz

Józef Noji

Józef Olszyna-Wilczyński

Józef Pukowiec

Józef Rzepka

Józef Siemieński

Józef Stefan Godlewski

Józef Szajna

Józef Szczepański

Józef Unrug

Józef Zwonarz

Józefa Kantor

József Eisenhoffer

József Vitéz Heszlényi

József Vértesy

Jørgen Kieler

Jørstad River bridge sabotage

Jaap Boot

Jaap Meijer

Jaap Penraat

Jabit III (B-29)

Jacek Jędruch

Jack Aeby

Jack Agazarian

Jack Anderson

Jack Baldwin (RAF officer)

Jack Beddington

Jack Beresford

Jack Black (Viz)

Jack Breaux

Jack Broome

Jack Buck

Jack C. Montgomery

Jack Churchill

Jack Coggins

Jack Daniels (politician)

Jack Davis (cartoonist)

Jack de Manio

Jack Edwards (Hong Kong)

Jack Fairman

Jack Fearey

Jack Foreman Mantle

Jack Garfein

Jack Hallett

Jack Hargreaves

Jack Hatfield

Jack Hayward

Jack Hinton

Jack J. Catton

Jack J. Pendleton

Jack Kirby

Jack Klugman

Jack Kramer (baseball)

Jack L. Anson

Jack L. Knight

Jack L. Treadwell

Jack Lemmon

Jack Lummus

Jack M. Campbell

Jack Mandelbaum

Jack Mason Gougar

Jack Miller, USMC

Jack Miller

Jack Oatey

Jack Owen (footballer)

Jack P.F. Gremillion

Jack Paar

Jack Palance

Jack Portland

Jack Reynolds (footballer born 1881)

Jack Ridley

Jack Ruby

Jack Soo

Jack Stang

Jack T. Chick

Jack Tramiel

Jack Turnbull

Jack Valenti

Jack van der Geest

Jack W. Mathis

Jack W. Robbins

Jack Warden

Jack Webb

Jack William Wintle

Jack Williams (Medal of Honor)

Jack Wong Sue

Jackboot Mutiny

Jackdaws

Jackie Coogan

Jackie Cooper

Jackie Fields

Jackie Rea

Jackie Robinson

Jacklyn H. Lucas

Jackson C. Pharris

Jackson D. Arnold

Jackson J. Spielvogel

Jackson Scholz

Jacky Novi

Jacob Beser

Jacob DeShazer

Jacob E. Smart

Jacob Fleck

Jacob Haight Morrison

Jacob K. Javits

Jacob Katz

Jacob Luitjens

Jacob Palis

Jacob van Helsdingen

Jacqueline Auriol

Jacqueline Cochran Regional Airport

Jacqueline Cochran

Jacqueline de Romilly

Jacqueline Nearne

Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval

Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet

Jacques-Désiré Périatambée

Jacques-François Ancelot

Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre

Jacques-Louis David

Jacques-Marie-Achille Ginoulhiac

Jacques-Nicolas Colbert

Jacques-Yves Cousteau

Jacques Audiard

Jacques Bonsergent (Paris Métro)

Jacques Bouveresse

Jacques Brugnon

Jacques Cassini

Jacques Casterède

Jacques Chaban-Delmas

Jacques Charles

Jacques Charon

Jacques Chastanié

Jacques Chastenet

Jacques Chirac

Jacques Corrèze

Jacques de Bernonville

Jacques de Bourbon-Busset

Jacques de Lacretelle

Jacques de Mahieu

Jacques de Vaucanson

Jacques Delille

Jacques Delors

Jacques Desoubrie

Jacques Diouf

Jacques Dixmier

Jacques Doriot

Jacques Doucet (fashion designer)

Jacques Doyasbere

Jacques Duclos

Jacques Dutronc

Jacques Faitlovitch

Jacques Hermant

Jacques Laffite

Jacques Laurent

Jacques Lecoq

Jacques Leguerney

Jacques Lob

Jacques Lusseyran

Jacques Marie Boutet

Jacques Maritain

Jacques Massu

Jacques Mathieu Delpech

Jacques Misonne

Jacques Monod

Jacques Ploncard d'Assac

Jacques Pâris de Bollardière

Jacques Renouvin

Jacques Rigaut

Jacques Rueff

Jacques Rémy

Jacques Soustelle

Jacques Tits

Jacques Yoko

Jade Jagger

Jadgschloss radar

Jadwiga Falkowska

Jagdfliegerführer 1

Jagdfliegerführer 2

Jagdfliegerführer 3

Jagdfliegerführer 4

Jagdfliegerführer 5

Jagdfliegerführer Bretagne

Jagdfliegerführer Norwegen

Jagdfliegerführer Oberitalien

Jagdfliegerführer Ostmark

Jagdfliegerführer Rumänien

Jagdfliegerführer Sizilien

Jagdfliegerführer Ungarn

Jagdgeschwader 1 (World War 2)

Jagdgeschwader 101

Jagdgeschwader 11

Jagdgeschwader 2

Jagdgeschwader 26

Jagdgeschwader 27

Jagdgeschwader 3

Jagdgeschwader 300

Jagdgeschwader 4

Jagdgeschwader 5

Jagdgeschwader 51

Jagdgeschwader 52

Jagdgeschwader 53

Jagdgeschwader 54

Jagdgeschwader 6

Jagdgeschwader 7

Jagdgeschwader 77

Jagdgeschwader z.b.V.

Jagdpanther

Jagdpanzer IV

Jagdpanzer

Jagdtiger

Jagdverband 44

Jagdwaffe

Jai Hind Post-mark

Jai Hind

Jajinci

Jakab Kauser

Jake Jones

Jake W. Lindsey

Jake Warren

Jakes Mulholland

Jakie Astor

Jakob Ehrlich

Jakob Grimminger

Jakob Kaiser

Jakob Ritter von Danner

Jakob Rosenfeld

Jakob Sprenger

Jakob the Liar

Jakob van Hoddis

Jakow Trachtenberg

Jamar Adcock

James 'Dixie' Deans

James "Bud" Walton

James "Earthquake McGoon" McGovern Jr.

James A. Hill

James A. Martin

James A. Michener

James Alexander Forrest

James Alexander McQuirter

James Allen Ward

James Arness

James B. Edwards

James B. Pearson

James Bassett (author)

James Beaton II

James Blackburn (RAF officer)

James Blish

James Bradley (author)

James Brian Tait

James Brooker

James Bruce Scott

James Burnham

James C. Gardner

James C. Murray

James C. Owens Jr.

James C. Quayle

James Cassels (British Army officer)

James Chadwick

James Chichester-Clark, Baron Moyola

James Clavell

James Colescott

James Connolly (athlete born 1868)

James Coyle murder

James Coyle

James Coyne

James Crichton

James Cross

James D. Hodgson

James D. La Belle

James D. Martin

James D. Murray

James D. Slaton

James Debbah

James Devereux

James Dickey

James Doohan

James E. Briggs

James E. Hill

James E. Johnson

James E. Lockyer

James E. Robinson Jr.

James E. Swett

James E. Van Zandt

James Earl Carter Sr.

James Earl Rudder

James Edward Moore

James Eli Watson

James Francis Collins

James F. Lind

James Fechet

James Ferguson (general)

James Fife Jr.

James Ford Seale

James Forrestal

James Fownes Somerville

James Francis Edward Keith

James Francis Edwards

James Franck

James G. Fulton

James Godfrey MacManaway

James Griffith

James H. Critchfield

James H. Diamond

James H. Douglas Jr.

James H. Fields

James H. Howard

James H. Kasler

James H. Polk

Jim Weaver (Oregon politician)

James Hargest

James Harry Lacey

James Heather Gordon

James Henry Mills

James Henry Whalen

James Hill (British Army officer)

James Hutton

James I. Poynter

James J. Braddock

James J. Eagan

James J. Martin

James Jabara

James Jackman

James Jesus Angleton

James Joll

James Jones (author)

James Joseph Kingstone

James Joseph Magennis

James Juvenal

James K. Okubo

James K. Woolnough

James Keegstra

James Klugmann

James L. Buckley

James L. Day

James L. Harris

James L. Holloway III

James L. Tuck

James Lopez Watson

James Lowther, 7th Earl of Lonsdale

James M. Burt

James M. Collins

James M. Gavin

James M. Logan

James M. Quigley

James MacNabb

James Mayer de Rothschild

James McKenzie (boxer)

James Megellas

James Meredith

James Michaels

James Munro Bertram

James Murdoch Archer Durrant

James Noel Thomson

James O'Meara

James O. Hall

James O. Richardson

James P. O'Donnell

James Palmer Huffam

James Patrick Scully

James Phillip Connor

James R. Hendrix

James R. Ward

James Robert Mann (South Carolina)

James Robertson Justice

James Roosevelt

James Sayers (physicist)

James Shanahan

James Shepherd Freeman

James Simon (composer)

James Sinclair, 19th Earl of Caithness

James Sites

James Stanley Speakman

James Stewart

James Stillman Rockefeller

James Stokes

James T. Brand

James Tobin

James V. Hartinger

James Van Fleet

James W. "Catfish" Cole

James W. Blanchard

James W. Duckett

James W. Holley, III

James W. Reese

James Whitmore

James Zealley

Jan Żabiński

Jan Baalsrud

Jan Bols

Jan Buzek

Jan Bytnar

Jan Cornelisse

Jan Dam (boxer)

Jan Daszewski

Jan de Vries (athlete)

Jan Dobraczyński

Jan Ekier

Jan Emil Skiwski

Jan Ertmański

Jan Šverma

Jan Gerbich

Jan Gies

Jan Graliński

Jan Halvarsson

Jan Hoffmann

Jan Józef Lipski

Jan Jagmin-Sadowski

Jan Jesenský Jr.

Jan Karcz

Jan Karski

Jan Kowalewski

Jan Kubiš

Jan Kwapiński

Jan Masaryk

Jan Mazurkiewicz

Jan Moor-Jankowski

Jan Mosdorf

Jan Nowak-Jeziorański

Jan Opletal

Jan Piwnik

Jan Rodowicz

Jan Romocki

Jan Rubczak

Jan Saudek

Jan Smuts

Jan Stanisław Jankowski

Jan Stanisław Olbrycht

Jan Twardowski

Jan van Amstel-class minesweeper

Jan van Hoof

Jan van Reede

Jan Vreede

Jan Włodarkiewicz

Jan Wasiewicz

Jan Zamoyski (1912-2002)

Jan Zumbach

Janaky Athi Nahappan

Jane's WWII Fighters

Jane Avril

Jane Bernigau

Jane Gylling

Jane Haining

Janelly Fourtou

Janet Lynn

Jankiel Wiernik

Janko Bobetko

Janowa Dolina

Janowska concentration camp

January 28 Incident

Janusz Ślązak

Janusz Żurakowski

Janusz Bokszczanin

Janusz Korczak

Janusz Kusociński

Janusz Piekałkiewicz

Janusz Zabłocki

Jaouad Zairi

Japan campaign

Japan Self-Defense Forces

Japanese-German pre-WWII industrial co-operation

Japanese aircraft carrier Akagi

Japanese aircraft carrier Amagi

Japanese aircraft carrier Aso

Japanese aircraft carrier Chūyō

Japanese aircraft carrier Chitose

Japanese aircraft carrier Chiyoda

Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō

Japanese aircraft carrier Hiryū

Japanese aircraft carrier Hiyō

Japanese aircraft carrier Jun'yō

Japanese aircraft carrier Kaga

Japanese aircraft carrier Kaiyo

Japanese aircraft carrier Katsuragi

Japanese aircraft carrier Ryūhō

Japanese aircraft carrier Ryūjō

Japanese aircraft carrier Sōryū

Japanese aircraft carrier Shōhō

Japanese aircraft carrier Shōkaku

Japanese aircraft carrier Shinano

Japanese aircraft carrier Shinyo

Japanese aircraft carrier Taihō

Japanese aircraft carrier Taiyō

Japanese aircraft carrier Unryū

Japanese aircraft carrier Unyō

Japanese aircraft carrier Zuihō

Japanese aircraft carrier Zuikaku

Japanese American Citizens League

Japanese American internment

Japanese American life after World War II

Japanese American life before World War II

Japanese American redress and court cases

Japanese battlecruiser Amagi

Japanese battleship Aki

Japanese battleship Asahi

Japanese battleship Fuji

Japanese battleship Fusō

Japanese battleship Haruna

Japanese battleship Hatsuse

Japanese battleship Hiei

Japanese battleship Hyūga

Japanese battleship Iki

Japanese battleship Ise

Japanese battleship Iwami

Japanese battleship Kashima

Japanese battleship Katori

Japanese battleship Kawachi

Japanese battleship Kirishima

Japanese battleship Kongō

Japanese battleship Mikasa

Japanese battleship Mishima

Japanese battleship Musashi

Japanese battleship Mutsu

Japanese battleship Nagato

Japanese battleship Okinoshima

Japanese battleship Ryūjō (1864)

Japanese battleship Sagami

Japanese battleship Satsuma

Japanese battleship Settsu

Japanese battleship Shikishima

Japanese battleship Tango

Japanese battleship Tosa

Japanese battleship Yamashiro

Japanese battleship Yamato

Japanese battleship Yashima

Japanese Burma Area Army

Japanese Canadian internment

Japanese capture of Burma

Japanese Central China Area Army

Japanese China Garrison Army

Japanese cruiser Ōi

Japanese cruiser Ōyodo

Japanese cruiser Abukuma

Japanese cruiser Agano

Japanese cruiser Akashi

Japanese cruiser Akitsushima

Japanese cruiser Aoba

Japanese cruiser Asama

Japanese cruiser Ashigara

Japanese cruiser Aso

Japanese cruiser Atago

Japanese cruiser Azuma

Japanese cruiser Chōkai

Japanese cruiser Chikuma (1911)

Japanese cruiser Chikuma (1938)

Japanese cruiser Chishima

Japanese cruiser Chitose

Japanese cruiser Chiyoda

Japanese cruiser Furutaka

Japanese cruiser Haguro

Japanese cruiser Hashidate

Japanese cruiser Hirado

Japanese cruiser Ibuki (1907)

Japanese cruiser Ibuki (1943)

Japanese cruiser Ikoma

Japanese cruiser Isuzu

Japanese cruiser Itsukushima

Japanese cruiser Iwate

Japanese cruiser Izumi

Japanese cruiser Izumo

Japanese cruiser Jintsu

Japanese cruiser Kako

Japanese cruiser Kasagi

Japanese cruiser Kashii

Japanese cruiser Kashima

Japanese cruiser Kasuga

Japanese cruiser Katori

Japanese cruiser Kinu

Japanese cruiser Kinugasa

Japanese cruiser Kiso

Japanese cruiser Kitakami

Japanese cruiser Kuma

Japanese cruiser Kumano

Japanese cruiser Kurama

Japanese cruiser Matsushima

Japanese cruiser Maya

Japanese cruiser Mikuma

Japanese cruiser Mogami (1908)

Japanese cruiser Mogami (1934)

Japanese cruiser Myōkō

Japanese cruiser Nachi

Japanese cruiser Nagara

Japanese cruiser Naka

Japanese cruiser Naniwa

Japanese cruiser Natori

Japanese cruiser Niitaka

Japanese cruiser Nishin

Japanese cruiser Noshiro

Japanese cruiser Otowa

Japanese cruiser Saien

Japanese cruiser Sakawa

Japanese cruiser Sendai

Japanese cruiser Soya

Japanese cruiser Suma

Japanese cruiser Suzuya (1904)

Japanese cruiser Suzuya (1934)

Japanese cruiser Takachiko

Japanese cruiser Takao (1930)

Japanese cruiser Takasago

Japanese cruiser Tama

Japanese cruiser Tatsuta

Japanese cruiser Tenryū

Japanese cruiser Tokiwa

Japanese cruiser Tone (1907)

Japanese cruiser Tone (1937)

Japanese cruiser Tsugaru

Japanese cruiser Tsukuba

Japanese cruiser Tsushima

Japanese cruiser Unebi

Japanese cruiser Yūbari

Japanese cruiser Yaeyama

Japanese cruiser Yahagi (1911)

Japanese cruiser Yahagi (1942)

Japanese cruiser Yakumo

Japanese cruiser Yodo

Japanese cruiser Yoshino

Japanese cruiser Yura

Japanese declaration of war on the United States and Britain

Japanese destroyer Ōshio

Japanese destroyer Akatsuki (1932)

Japanese destroyer Akebono (1930)

Japanese destroyer Akigumo (1941)

Japanese destroyer Akishimo

Japanese destroyer Akizuki (1941)

Japanese destroyer Amagiri (1930)

Japanese destroyer Amatsukaze (1939)

Japanese destroyer Arare (1937)

Japanese destroyer Arashi

Japanese destroyer Arashio

Japanese destroyer Ariake (1934)

Japanese destroyer Asagiri (1929)

Japanese destroyer Asagumo (1938)

Japanese destroyer Asashimo

Japanese destroyer Asashio (1936)

Japanese destroyer Ayanami (1929)

Japanese destroyer Fubuki (1927)

Japanese destroyer Fujinami

Japanese destroyer Fuyutsuki

Japanese destroyer Hagikaze

Japanese destroyer Hamakaze (1940)

Japanese destroyer Hamanami

Japanese destroyer Hanazuki

Japanese destroyer Harusame (1935)

Japanese destroyer Harutsuki

Japanese destroyer Hatsuharu (1933)

Japanese destroyer Hatsukaze

Japanese destroyer Hatsushimo (1933)

Japanese destroyer Hatsuyuki (1928)

Japanese destroyer Hatsuzuki

Japanese destroyer Hayanami

Japanese destroyer Hayashimo

Japanese destroyer Hayate (1925)

Japanese destroyer Ikazuchi (1931)

Japanese destroyer Inazuma (1932)

Japanese destroyer Isokaze (1939)

Japanese destroyer Isonami (1927)

Japanese destroyer Kagerō (1938)

Japanese destroyer Kasumi (1937)

Japanese destroyer Kawakaze (1936)

Japanese destroyer Kazagumo

Japanese destroyer Kisaragi (1925)

Japanese destroyer Kishinami

Japanese destroyer Kiyonami

Japanese destroyer Kiyoshimo

Japanese destroyer Kuroshio

Japanese destroyer Maikaze

Japanese destroyer Makigumo (1941)

Japanese destroyer Makinami (1941)

Japanese destroyer Matsu (1944)

Japanese destroyer Michishio

Japanese destroyer Minegumo (1937)

Japanese destroyer Minekaze

Japanese destroyer Miyuki

Japanese destroyer Momi (1944)

Japanese destroyer Murakumo (1928)

Japanese destroyer Murasame (1937)

Japanese destroyer Mutsuki

Japanese destroyer Naganami

Japanese destroyer Natsugumo (1937)

Japanese destroyer Natsushio

Japanese destroyer Natsuzuki

Japanese destroyer Nenohi (1932)

Japanese destroyer Niizuki

Japanese destroyer Nowaki (1940)

Japanese destroyer Oboro (1930)

Japanese destroyer Okinami

Japanese destroyer Ōnami (1942)

Japanese destroyer Oyashio

Japanese destroyer Sagiri

Japanese destroyer Samidare (1935)

Japanese destroyer Sazanami (1931)

Japanese destroyer Shigure (1935)

Japanese destroyer Shikinami (1929)

Japanese destroyer Shimakaze (1942)

Japanese destroyer Shimotsuki

Japanese destroyer Shinonome (1927)

Japanese destroyer Shirakumo (1927)

Japanese destroyer Shiranui (1938)

Japanese destroyer Shiratsuyu (1935)

Japanese destroyer Shirayuki (1928)

Japanese destroyer Suzukaze

Japanese destroyer Suzunami (1943)

Japanese destroyer Suzutsuki (1942)

Japanese destroyer Takanami (1942)

Japanese destroyer Tamanami

Japanese destroyer Tanikaze (1940)

Japanese destroyer Teruzuki (1941)

Japanese destroyer Tokitsukaze (1939)

Japanese destroyer Umikaze

Japanese destroyer Urakaze

Japanese destroyer Uranami

Japanese destroyer Ushio

Japanese destroyer Usugumo

Japanese destroyer Wakaba

Japanese destroyer Wakatsuki

Japanese destroyer Yamagumo

Japanese destroyer Yamakaze

Japanese destroyer Yoizuki

Japanese destroyer Yūdachi

Japanese destroyer Yūgiri

Japanese destroyer Yūgure

Japanese destroyer Yukikaze

Japanese Devils

Japanese Eighteenth Area Army

Japanese Eighth Area Army

Japanese Eleventh Area Army

Japanese escort Hachijo

Japanese escort Ishigaki

Japanese expansion (1941-1942)

Japanese Fifteenth Area Army

Japanese Fifth Area Army

Japanese Fifth Army

Japanese First Area Army

Japanese First Army

Japanese Fourteenth Area Army

Japanese Fourth Army

Japanese government-issued Philippine fiat peso

Japanese gunboat Akagi

Japanese gunboat Ataka

Japanese gunboat Atami

Japanese gunboat Chiyodagata

Japanese gunboat Futami

Japanese gunboat Hira

Japanese gunboat Hozu

Japanese gunboat Katada

Japanese gunboat Kotaka

Japanese gunboat Seta

Japanese gunboat Sumida

Japanese gunboat Toba

Japanese gunboat Tsukushi

Japanese holdout

Japanese Instrument of Surrender

Japanese Invasion of Malaya

Japanese Invasion of Thailand

Japanese ironclad Kōtetsu

Japanese ironclad warship Fusō

Japanese marine paratroopers of World War II

Japanese militarism

Japanese Military Propaganda (WWII)

Japanese military strategies in 1942

Japanese military yen

Japanese minelayer Itsukushima

Japanese minelayer Yaeyama

Japanese mining and energy resources (WWII)

Japanese Northern China Area Army

Japanese occupation of Burma

Japanese occupation of Guam

Japanese occupation of Hong Kong

Japanese occupation of Indonesia

Japanese occupation of Malaya

Japanese occupation of British Borneo

Japanese occupation of Singapore

Japanese orphans in China

Japanese prisoners of war in the Soviet Union

Japanese raiders in Indian Ocean Campaign

Japanese Relocation (1942 film)

Japanese seaplane carrier Wakamiya

Japanese Second Area Army

Japanese Second Army

Japanese Seventeenth Area Army

Japanese Seventh Area Army

Japanese ship naming conventions

Japanese Sixteenth Area Army

Japanese Sixth Area Army

Japanese Sixth Army

Japanese Southern China Area Army

Japanese Special Attack Units

Japanese Special Naval Landing Forces

Japanese submarine I-1

Japanese submarine I-124

Japanese submarine I-168

Japanese submarine I-17

Japanese submarine I-177

Japanese submarine I-19

Japanese submarine I-21

Japanese submarine I-25

Japanese submarine I-26

Japanese submarine I-29

Japanese submarine I-30

Japanese submarine I-34

Japanese submarine I-52 (1943)

Japanese submarine I-8

Japanese submarine RO-45

Japanese Surrendered Personnel

Japanese Tenth Area Army

Japanese Third Area Army

Japanese Third Army

Japanese Thirteenth Area Army

Japanese torpedo boat Kotaka

Japanese torpedo boat Tomozuru

Japanese Twelfth Area Army

Japanese War Crimes: Murder Under The Sun

Japanese war crimes

Japanese war tuba

Japanese warship Asahi Maru

Japanese warship Hōō Maru

Japanese warship Hōshō

Japanese warship Kanrin Maru

Japanese warship Kasuga (1862)

Japanese warship Moshun

Japanese warship San Buena Ventura

Japanese warship San Juan Bautista

Japanese warship Shohei Maru

Japanese World War II destroyers

Japhet N'Doram

Jaques of London

Jardin d'Acclimatation

Jardin de Tivoli, Paris

Jardin des Plantes

Jardin du Luxembourg

Jardin Turc

Jarosław Dąbrowski

Jaroslav Jiřík

Jaroslav Krejčí

Jarvis Cocker

Jascha Horenstein

Jasenovac concentration camp

Jasenovac i Gradiška Stara

Jasmin (Paris Métro)

Jason Robards

Jasper Maskelyne

Jassy–Kishinev Offensive (August 1944)

Jasta 11

Jaurès (Paris Métro)

Javel - André Citroën (Paris Métro)

Javad Hakimli

Jawaharlal Nehru

Jay-Jay Okocha

Jay Hebert

Jay Humphry

Jay Pierrepont Moffat

Jay T. Robbins

Jay U. Gunter

Jay Williams (author)

Jay Zeamer Jr.

JB-2 Launch Site (USA)

Je suis partout

Jean-Étienne-Marie Portalis

Jean-Étienne Valluy

Jean-Antoine Chaptal

Jean-Antoine de Mesmes

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset

Jean-Baptiste Berlier

Jean-Baptiste Biot

Jean-Baptiste Claude Eugène Guillaume

Jean-Baptiste Colbert

Jean-Baptiste Corneille

Jean-Baptiste de La Curne de Sainte-Palaye

Jean-Baptiste Dubos

Jean-Baptiste Dumas

Jean-Baptiste Dureau de la Malle

Jean-Baptiste Gail

Jean-Baptiste Henri Lacordaire

Jean-Baptiste Isabey

Jean-Baptiste Janssens

Jean-Baptiste Labat

Jean-Baptiste Lafond

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvrai

Jean-Baptiste Mimiague

Jean-Baptiste Rousseau

Jean-Baptiste Say

Jean-Baptiste Vivien de Châteaubrun

Jean-Bernard Raimond

Jean-Charles de Borda

Jean-Charles Trouabal

Jean-Christophe Grangé

Jean-Christophe Thomas

Jean-Christophe Thouvenel

Jean-Christophe Yoccoz

Jean-Claude Bras

Jean-Claude Killy

Jean-Claude Lemoult

Jean-Claude Osman

Jean-Claude Pressac

Jean-Claude Suaudeau

Jean-Daniel Dätwyler

Jean-Denis Bredin

Jean-Dominique Bauby

Jean-François Beltramini

Jean-François Bizot

Jean-François Champollion

Jean-François de La Harpe

Jean-François Deniau

Jean-François Ducis

Jean-François Leriget de La Faye

Jean-François Lyotard

Jean-François Marmontel

Jean-Félix Adolphe Gambart

Jean-Gabriel Castel

Jean-Gaspard Deburau

Jean-Guy Gauthier

Jean-Henri Gourgaud

Jean-Hugues Ateba

Jean-Jacques Ampère

Jean-Jacques Eydelie

Jean-Jacques Goldman

Jean-Jacques Lefranc, marquis de Pompignan

Jean-Jacques Pierre

Jean-Jacques Renouard de Villayer

Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber

Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant

Jean-Joseph Carriès

Jean-Joseph Languet de Gergy

Jean-Lambert Tallien

Jean-Louis-Paul-François, 5th duc de Noailles

Jean-Louis Barrault

Jean-Louis Garcia

Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac

Jean-Louis Koszul

Jean-Louis Laya

Jean-Louis Tixier-Vignancour

Jean-Loup Dabadie

Jean-Luc Godard

Jean-Luc Sassus

Jean-Marc Chanelet

Jean-Marc Nattier

Jean-Marc Pilorget

Jean-Marcel Jeanneney

Jean-Marie Charles Abrial

Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois

Jean-Marie Hullot

Jean-Marie Lehn

Jean-Marie Lustiger

Jean-Marie Rouart

Jean-Martial Kipré

Jean-Martin Charcot

Jean-Michel Badiane

Jean-Michel Ferri

Jean-Michel Larqué

Jean-Nicolas Pache

Jean-Noël Huck

Jean-Noël Jeanneney

Jean-Paul Bertrand-Demanes

Jean-Paul Rostagni

Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Philippe Fleurian

Jean-Pierre-André Amar

Jean-Pierre Abel-Rémusat

Jean-Pierre Adams

Jean-Pierre Aumont

Jean-Pierre Azéma

Jean-Pierre Barda

Jean-Pierre Changeux

Jean-Pierre Cortot

Jean-Pierre Dantan

Jean-Pierre Dogliani

Jean-Pierre Jabouille

Jean-Pierre Kahane

Jean-Pierre Léaud

Jean-Pierre Ponnelle

Jean-Pierre Sauvage

Jean-Pierre Serre

Jean-Pierre Simb

Jean-Pierre Stock

Jean-Pierre Timbaud

Jean-Pierre Tokoto

Jean-Pierre Vernant

Jean-Pierre Wimille

Jean-Rodolphe Perronet

Jean-Roland Malet

Jean-Sifrein Maury

Jean-Yves Girard

Jean-Yves Le Gallou

Jean-Yves Mvoto

Jean Aicard

Jean Améry

Jean Antoine Injalbert

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres

Jean Baptiste Antoine Auget de Montyon

Jean Baptiste Emile Vidal

Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre

Jean Baptiste Massillon

Jean Bayard

Jean Benner-Fries

Jean Bernard (physician)

Jean Borotra

Jean Bourgain

Jean Casimir-Perier

Jean Cau (rower)

Jean Cavaillès

Jean Cayrol

Jean Ces

Jean Chalgrin

Jean Chapelain

Jean Chardin

Jean Charles Flipart

Jean Cocteau

Jean Coleman (officer)

Jean Collas

Jean d'Estrées

Jean d'Ormesson

Jean Daniélou

Jean Darcet

Jean de Beaumont

Jean de Broglie

Jean de Brunhoff

Jean de Dieu-Raymond de Cucé de Boisgelin

Jean de La Bruyère

Jean de La Fontaine

Jean de Laborde

Jean de Lattre de Tassigny

Jean de Montigny

Jean de Suarez d'Aulan

Jean Decoux

Jean Delarge

Jean Deloffre

Jean Delumeau

Jean Djorkaeff

Jean Dondelinger

Jean Dutourd

Jean Etcheberry

Jean Françaix

Jean François Boissonade de Fontarabie

Jean François de Saint-Lambert

Jean Gabin

Jean Galbert de Campistron

Jean Gaston Darboux

Jean Gilles (Soldier)

Jean Giraud

Jean Gounot

Jean Graton

Jean Grelaud

Jean Gutweninger

Jean Hérold-Paquis

Jean Ichbiah

Jean Jacques Flipart

Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès

Jean Jérome

Jean le Rond d'Alembert

Jean Leclant

Jean Leguay

Jean Louis Émile Boudier

Jean Louis Burnouf

Jean Luchaire

Jean Luciano

Jean Lécuyer

Jean Martin

Jean Mistler

Jean Moulin

Jean Ousset

Jean Piat

Jean Pierre-Bloch

Jean Pierre Cherid

Jean Pierre Flourens

Jean Prouvé

Jean Prévost

Jean Racine

Jean Renaud de Segrais

Jean Richepin

Jean Rostand

Jean Rémy

Jean Schlumberger (jewelry designer)

Jean Servais

Jean Sirmond

Jean Suret-Canale

Jean Sylvain Bailly

Jean Tatlock

Jean Tiberi

Jean Vaysse

Jean Victoire Audouin

Jean Victor Allard

Jean Welter

Jean Wicki

Jean Ybarnegaray

Jean, duc de Decazes

Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

Jeanette Wohl

Jeanne Balibar

Jeanne Coroller-Danio

Jeanne Delvair

Jeanne Hébuterne

Jeanne Loriod

Jeanne Moreau

Jeanne Paquin

Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston

JEATH War Museum

Jedwabne pogrom

Jeff Cooper (colonel)

Jeff Davis Woodson

Jefferson in Paris

Jefferson J. DeBlanc

Jeffrey Hamm

Jeffrey Herf

Jeffrey Hunter

Jehan Alain

Jenkin Robert Oswald Thompson

Jennifer Azzi

Jenny-Wanda Barkmann

Jens Christian Hauge

Jens Hundseid

Jens Müller

Jerome War Relocation Center

Jerrold R. Zacharias

Jerry (WWII)

Jerry Atkinson

Jerry Coleman

Jerry D. Page

Jerry Rosholt

Jerry Wexler

Jerrycan

Jerzy Braun

Jerzy Einhorn

Jerzy Ficowski

Jerzy Jan Lerski

Jerzy Kirchmayer

Jerzy Niezbrzycki

Jerzy Różycki

Jerzy Skolimowski (rowing)

Jerzy Szacki

Jerzy Ustupski

Jerzy Wołkowicki

Jerzy Wojnar

Jerzy Zagórski

Jerzy Zborowski

Jess Hill

Jesse Addison Udall

Jesse Helms

Jesse Holman Jones

Jesse Monroe Knowles

Jesse R. Drowley

Jesse R. Pitts

Jesse Rutherford Jr.

Jessie Vasey

Jesús A. Villamor

Jesus Baza Duenas

Jeune Europe

Jewish Amsterdam

Jewish Brigade

Jewish Children's Home in Oslo

Jewish Combat Organization

Jewish deportees from Norway during World War II

Jewish Military Union

Jewish partisans

Jewish Police (Holocaust)

Jewish resistance during the Holocaust

Jews outside Europe under Nazi occupation

Jezdimir Dangić

JF-17 Thunder

Ji Hongchang

Ji Shengde

Jiří Raška

Jiang Dingwen

Jiang Guangnai

Jianggezhuang

Jiangqiao Campaign

Jiffs

Jigme Wangchuk

Jilin Self-Defence Army

Jim Brideweser

Jim Butterfield (football)

Jim Clark (sheriff)

Jim Crowley

Jim Dunnigan

Jim Fridley

Jim Garrison

Jim Hensley

Jim Humphreys

Jim Lawrence (football player)

Jim Leavelle

Jim Mooney (football player)

Jim Morrison

Jim Moscrip

Jim Park (footballer)

Jim Siedow

Jim Thompson (designer)

Jim Wallwork

Jim Wright

Jimmie W. Monteith

Jimmy Algerino

Jimmy Dell

Jimmy Doolittle

Jimmy Douglas (American soccer player)

Jimmy Edwards

Jimmy Fitzmorris

Jimmy Hughes (footballer)

Jimmy Juan

Jimmy Launders

Jimmy Modeste

Jimmy Mullen (footballer born 1923)

Jimmy T. Murakami

Jimmy Patterson

Jin-Roh

Jinan Incident

Jinan Military Region

Jing Shan-Zhongxiang Campaign

Jinggangshan Mountains

Jinichi Kusaka

Jinzaburō Masaki

Jirō Minami

Jirō Shiizaki

Jirō Tamon

Jisaburō Ozawa

JM cloche

Jüdischer Kulturbund

Jürgen Graf

Jürgen Rieger

Jürgen Stroop

Jüri Uluots

Jo Grimond

Jo Gullett

Jo Iimura

Jo Spier

Jože Javoršek

Joachim Albrecht Eggeling

Joachim Brendel

Joachim Fest

Joachim Helbig

Joachim Hoffmann

Joachim Kirschner

Joachim Lemelsen

Joachim Müncheberg

Joachim Mrugowsky

Joachim Murat

Joachim Peiper

Joachim Rønneberg

Joachim Schepke

Joachim von Ribbentrop

Joan-Eleanor system

Joan Bartlett

Joan Hughes

Joan of Paris

Joanna Cruickshank

Jocelyn Angloma

Jocelyn Gourvennec

Jocelyn Simon, Baron Simon of Glaisdale

Jocelyn Woollcombe

Jock column

Jock Colville

Jock Lewes

Joe's Bridge

Joe Abbey

Joe Baker-Cresswell

Joe Benoit

Joe C. Specker

Joe David Brown

Joe DiMaggio

Joe E. Mann

Joe Ekins

Joe Flanigan

Joe Foss

Joe Gray Taylor

Joe Greene (Ontario politician)

Joe Hayashi

Joe Henry Cooper

Joe Hunt (tennis)

Joe Kendrick Sr.

Joe Kieyoomia

Joe Louis

Joe M. Jackson

Joe M. Nishimoto

Joe Maniaci

Joe McCorquodale

Joe Mercer

Joe P. Martinez

Joe Perry (American football)

Joe Purcell

Joe R. Hastings

Joe Redington

Joe Rosenthal

Joe Routt

Joe Schlesinger

Joe Shell

Joe Sinnott

Joe Sostilio

Joe Stydahar

Joe Turner (ice hockey)

Joe W. Kelly

Joe Waggonner

Joel Brand

Joel Camargo

Joel Hayward

Joel Teitelbaum

Johan Benders

Johan Bernhard Hjort

Johan Borgen

Johan Carp

Johan Hendrik Weidner

Johan Hin

Johan Nygaardsvold

Johan Petro

Johan Richthoff

Johann Christian Claudius Devaranne

Johann Gruber

Johann Heynlin

Johann Kremer

Johann Maier

Johann Rattenhuber

Johann Rickmers

Johann von Leers

Johann von Ravenstein

Johann Wilhelm Trollmann

Johanna Kirchner

Johanna Langefeld

Johanna Wolf

Johannes Bölter

Johannes Blaskowitz

Johannes Bobrowski

Johannes de Grocheio

Johannes Dieckmann

Johannes Drost

Johannes Flintrop

Johannes Frießner

Johannes Gandil (athlete)

Johannes Hentschel

Johannes Kleiman

Johannes Kunze

Johannes Lohs

Johannes Maas

Johannes Mayer

Johannes Plendl

Johannes Popitz

Johannes Stark

Johannes Steinhoff

Johannes Terwogt

Johannes van Dijk

Johannes Wiese

Johin

John A. English

John A. Gronouski

John A. Kent

John A. Nerud

John A. Volpe

John Addison

John Agar

John Aiken (RAF officer)

John Alan Quinton

John Albert O’Toole

John Aldam Aizlewood

John Alexander French

John Alexander Sinclair

John Amery

John Anderson Barstow

John Andrew Pearson (Royal Navy officer)

John Arbuthnott, 16th Viscount of Arbuthnott

John Archibald Wheeler

John Arnold Austin

John Arthur Jarvis

John Arthur Love

John Aspinwall Roosevelt

John Augustine Collins

John B. Kelly Sr.

John Bagot Glubb

John Barbour (poet)

John Barron (actor)

John Basilone

John Baskeyfield

John Bassett

John Beeley

John Beresford (polo player)

John Berger

John Bernard Croak

John Bernard Mackey

John Birch (missionary)

John Birmingham

John Boles (sport shooter)

John Boyd-Carpenter, Baron Boyd-Carpenter

John Bradburne

John Bradley (Iwo Jima)

John Bray (athlete)

John Bridge

John Brown (spy)

John Brown Hamilton

John Brunt

John Bunch

John C. Arrowsmith

John C. Browne (physicist)

John C. Butler-class destroyer escort

John C. England

John C. H. Lee

John C. Metzler Sr.

John C. Meyer

John C. Morgan

John C. Sjogren

John C. Squires

John C. Waldron

John C. West

John C. Whitehead

John C. Woods

John Cade

John Cecil Currie

John Chafee

John Charles Campbell

John Charles Fenton

John Charles Oakes Marriott

John Christmas Møller

John Ciardi

John Clarence Butler

John Cobb (motorist)

John Codd

John Connally

John Connolly (rugby)

John Courtis

John Cregan (athlete)

John Crichton, 5th Earl Erne

John Cridlan Barrett

John Crocker

John Cross Jr

John Cruickshank

John Cullen Murphy

John Cunningham (RAF officer)

John Curtin

John D. Bulkeley

John D. Hawk

John D. Kelly (World War II soldier)

John D. Lavelle

John D. MacDonald

John D. Magrath

John D. New

John Dale Ryan

John David Provoo

John David Vanderhoof

John David Wingfield

John Davies (businessman)

John de Courcy, 35th Baron Kingsale

John de Innes

John Demjanjuk

John Derbyshire (swimmer)

John Dering Nettleton

John Desmond

John Dill

John Dingell

John Drayton Baker

John Duncan Sr.

John Dutton Frost

John E. Butts

John E. Dahlquist

John E. Hull

John Edmondson, 2nd Baron Sandford

John Edwin Ashley Williams

John Ehrlichman

John Eisenhower

John Eldridge Jr.

John Elliott (British boxer)

John Exley

John F. "Jack" Hasey

John F. Gerry

John F. Kennedy

John F. Thorson

John Faunthorpe

John Flanagan (athlete)

John Ford

John Francis McLaren

John Frederick Andrews Higgins

John Frost (pilot)

John Fullerton Evetts

John G. Crommelin

John G. W. Husted Jr.

John Gardner (thriller writer)

John Geiger

John George Kemeny

John George Walters Clark

John Gillespie Magee Jr.

John Glenn

John Godley, 3rd Baron Kilbracken

John Godwin RNVR

John Gofman

John Gorman (politician)

John Gottowt

John Gregory Crace

John Gretton, 1st Baron Gretton

John Gudenus

John Gurdon

John H. D. Cunningham

John H. Griffith

John H. Hammond

John H. Hubbard

John H. Lang

John H. Leims

John H. Manley

John H. Michaelis

John H. Secondari

John H. Sides

John H. Stickell

John Hamilton (archbishop)

John Hamilton (artist)

John Hamilton Wedgwood

John Hannah (VC)

John Hansl

John Harding, 1st Baron Harding of Petherton

John Hare, 1st Viscount Blakenham

John Harlan Willis

John Harvey-Jones

John Hawkesworth (British Army officer)

John Hawkesworth (producer)

John Hay Whitney

John Henebry

John Henry Anstice

John Henry Balch

John Henry Lake

John Henry Towers

John Hollar

John Hollington Grayburn

John Holt (educator)

John Hope (meteorologist)

John Howard (American actor)

John Howard (British Army officer)

John Howard Griffin

John Hurst Edmondson

John J. Creedon

John J. Gilligan

John J. Hennessey

John J. McVeigh

John J. Parker

John J. Pinder Jr.

John J. Tominac

John James Powers

John Jansson

John Jarman

John Jestyn Llewellin, 1st Baron Llewellin

John Johnston (Royal Household)

John Joseph Doherty

John Joseph Gilligan Jr.

John Joseph Parle

John K. Cannon

John K. Gerhart

John K. Lawson

John K. Singlaub

John K. Snyder

John K. Waters

John Keefer Mahony

John Kenley

John Kennedy (rowing)

John Kenneth Macalister

John Kimbrough

John Kitzmiller

John Knatchbull, 7th Baron Brabourne

John L. DeWitt

John L. Hall Jr.

John L. Jerstad

John L. McLucas

John L. Throckmorton

John Lanham

John Lavarack

John Le Mesurier

John Leach (Royal Navy officer)

John Lemoinne

John Leon Williamson

John Leonard Wilson

John Lesinski Jr.

John Lesley

John List

John Lucian Smith

John Lukacs

John Lymington

John M. Janzen

John M. Robsion Jr.

John M. Spalding

John MacLeod (Ross and Cromarty MP)

John Macquarrie

John Macy

John Magee (missionary)

John Manchester Allen

John Marshall Harlan II

John Masters

John McGiver

John McKay (football coach)

John McKilligan

John McLean (athlete)

John McNally (American football)

John Michael Bermingham

John Mihalowski

John Miller (rower)

John Miller Martin

John Mills

John Misha Petkevich

John Moffat (pilot)

John Moore-Brabazon, 1st Baron Brabazon of Tara

John Morrow Godfrey

John Murray (soldier)

John N. Mitchell

John N. Reese Jr.

John Nash (artist)

John Neil Randle

John Northcott

John O'Neil (rugby player)

John O'Neill (VC)

John O'Shea (director)

John Okada

John Ormsby Evelyn Vandeleur

John P. Cromwell

John P. Davies

John P. Fardy

John P. Lucas

John P. Washington

John Patrick (rugby player)

John Patrick Kenneally

John Paul Hammerschmidt

John Paul Stevens

John Pelham Mann

John Pendlebury

John Pennington Harman

John Peyton, Baron Peyton of Yeovil

John Phillips (actor)

John Prebble

John Prendergast (soldier)

John Profumo

John R. Alison

John R. Crews

John R. Deane Jr.

John R. Dunning

John R. Foley

John R. Fox

John R. Hodge

John R. Towle

John Rabe

John Randolph (actor)

John Rarick

John Rathbone (Bodmin)

John Rawls

John Raymond Broadbent (Quartermaster)

John Raymond Broadbent (Major General)

John Raymond Rice

John Reith, 1st Baron Reith

John Renshaw Starr

John Richard Hyde

John Rigas

John Rimmer

John Robert Osborn

John Rockefeller Prentice

John Roderick (correspondent)

John Russell (actor)

John Russell, 13th Duke of Bedford

John Ruthven (artist)

John S. Blue

John S. McCain Jr.

John S. McCain Sr.

John S. Service

John S. Wilder

John Salmond

John Severin

John Sidney Garrett

John Smith (Conservative politician)

John Spellman (wrestler)

John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer

John Stacey

John Steele (paratrooper)

John Stuart Mould

John Swainson

John Sweet (actor)

John Sydney Lethbridge

John Symes

John T. "Tommy" Blackburn

John T. Corley

John T. Eversole

John Tate

John Thach

John Thivy

John Thomas Davies

John Thompson McKellar Anderson

John Tiltman

John Toland (author)

John Tovey, 1st Baron Tovey

John Tower

John Tremayne Babington

John Trevor Godfrey

John Tyler Morgan

John V. Power

John Vassall

John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort

John Vincent (sailor)

John von Neumann

John W. Bonner

John W. Dutko

John W. Meagher

John W. Minick

John W. O'Daniel

John W. Peterson

John W. Rankin

John W. Vogt Jr.

John Waldegrave

John Wallace Linton

John Warburton Paul

John Ward (airman)

John Warner

John Warrender, 2nd Baron Bruntisfield

John Wayne Airport

John Weir Foote

John Wells (20th-century British politician)

John Wheeler-Bennett

John Whyte-Melville-Skeffington, 13th Viscount Massereene

John Widgery, Baron Widgery

John William Best

John William Finn

John William Haas

John William Harper

John William Vessey Jr.

John Wilson, 2nd Baron Moran

John Winthrop Hackett Junior

John Wooldridge

John Wyndham

John Yates (bishop)

John Zacherle

John, Dauphin of France (1398-1417)

Johnnie David Hutchins

Johnnie Johnson (RAF officer)

Johnny Beazley

Johnny Carson

Johnny Checketts

Johnny Grant (radio personality)

Johnny Höglin

Johnny Johnson (British Army officer)

Johnny Mølby

Johnny Murray

Johnny Orr

Johnny Ramensky

Johnny Reder

Johnny Rigney

Johnny Schmitz

Johnny Vaught

Johnny Weissmuller

Joice NanKivell Loch

Jon Baker

Jon Elster

Jon Istad

Jon Latimer

Jon Whitcomb

Jona von Ustinov

Jonah Edward Kelley

Jonas H. Ingram

Jonas Lie (government minister)

Jonas Slier

Jonastal

Jonathan Assous

Jonathan Biabiany

Jonathan Higgins

Jonathan Joseph-Augustin

Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV

Jonathan O. Seaman

Jonathan Tokplé

Jonathan Winters

Jonni Myyrä

Jonny Nilsson

Joop Westerweel

Jordan Nikolov Orce

Jorge Alonso Treviño

Jorge Burruchaga

Jorge Semprún

Jorge Tibiriçá Piratininga

Jorge Ubico

Jorma Sarvanto

Jose Calugas

Jose F. Valdez

Jose M. Cabanillas

Jose M. Lopez

Josef Čapek

Josef Balabán

Josef Blösche

Josef Bühler

Josef Bürckel

Josef Bremm

Josef Eder

Josef Feistmantl

Josef František

Josef Grohé

Josef Haas

Josef Harpe

Josef Jacobs

Josef Jakobs

Josef Kammhuber

Josef Kramer

Josef Krips

Josef Matoušek

Josef Mengele

Josef Nassy

Josef Oberhauser (war criminal)

Josef Pfitzner

Josef Plieseis

Josef Priller

Josef Rosensaft

Josef Schneider (rower)

Josef Schwammberger

Josef Terboven

Josef Thorak

Josef Wagner (Gauleiter)

Josef Wilhelm

Josef Wirmer

Josef Wurmheller

Josef Zwernemann

Joseph-Alfred Foulon

Joseph-Nicolas Delisle

Joseph A. Farinholt

Joseph Albert Walker

Joseph Alexandre Laboulbène

Joseph Alzin

Joseph André

Joseph Autran

Joseph Babinski

Joseph Bangust

Joseph Bau

Joseph Bech

Joseph Berchtold

Joseph Beyrle

Joseph Bodner

Joseph Burlazzi

Joseph Burnett

Joseph C. McConnell

Joseph Caillaux

Joseph Carlebach

Joseph Chénier

Joseph Crockett

Joseph d'Haussonville

Joseph Darnand

Joseph De Combe

Joseph de Goislard de Monsabert

Joseph Dodge

Joseph E. Muller

Joseph E. Schaefer

Joseph Edward Connolly

Joseph Epstein (French Resistance leader)

Joseph F. Biroc

Joseph F. Merrell

Joseph F. Smith (politician)

Joseph Fourier University

Joseph Fourier

Joseph François Michaud

Joseph Gainard

Joseph Gilbert Hamilton

Joseph Goebbels

Joseph Gregory

Joseph Grew

Joseph H. Harper

Joseph Harcourt Tombs

Joseph Heller

Joseph Henry Silk

Joseph Hughes (GC)

Joseph J. Clark

Joseph J. McCarthy

Joseph J. Nazzaro

Joseph J. Sadowski

Joseph Joffre

Joseph Jules Beecken

Joseph Justus Scaliger

Joseph Kessel

Joseph Kofi Adda

Joseph Lakanal

Joseph Leo Doob

Joseph Liebgott

Joseph Louis François Bertrand

Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac

Joseph Louis Lagrange

Joseph M. Gaydos

Joseph M. Reeves

Joseph McCarthy

Joseph Müller (Catholic lawyer)

Joseph Müller (priest)

Joseph Olivier (rugby union)

Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.

Joseph Paul Franklin

Joseph Pletinckx

Joseph R. Holzapple

Joseph R. Julian

Joseph Retinger

Joseph Riddle Jr.

Joseph Rochefort

Joseph Rosenstock

Joseph Rotblat

Joseph Rovan

Joseph S. Clark

Joseph Salas

Joseph Sarnoski

Joseph Schacht

Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stilwell

Joseph Stone, Baron Stone

Joseph T. Dawson

Joseph T. McNarney

Joseph T. O'Callahan

Joseph Taussig

Joseph Ujlaki

Joseph W. Barr

Joseph W. Dailey

Joseph W. Finch Jr.

Joseph W. Kennedy

Joseph W. Ozbourn

Joseph Wapner

Joseph Warren Stilwell Jr.

Joseph Watt

Joseph Weldon Bailey Jr.

Josephine Baker

Joshua Logan

Josiah E. DuBois Jr.

Josiah McCracken

Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp

Josias Hartmann

Josias, Hereditary Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont

Josip Broz Tito

Josip Kraš

José-Karl Pierre-Fanfan

José Álvarez de Bohórquez

José Cabrero Arnal

José Cobos

José Dolhem

José María de Heredia

José Mouzinho

José Nasazzi

José Navarro Morenes

José Naya

José P. Laurel

José Touré

José Vidal (footballer)

Jourdain (Paris Métro)

Journal des débats

Journal of Historical Review

Journey for Margaret

Jovan Plamenac

Jovanka Broz

Joy Bright Hancock

Joyce Lebra

Joyce Lussu

Jozef Gabčík

Jozef Matlak

Jozef Tiso

Jozef Turanec

Joël Bats

Ján Golian

János Garay (fencer)

János Wenk

Juan Antonio Ríos

Juan César Cordero Dávila

Juan Gilberto Funes

Juan José Calandria

Juan José de Amézaga

Juan Martín Hernández

Juan Modesto

Juan Pablo Sorín

Juan Pujol (alias Garbo)

Juana Bormann

Jud Simons

Judah Messer Leon (1166)

Judah P. Benjamin

Judenfrei

Judenplatz Holocaust Memorial

Judenrat

Judges' Trial

Judgment at Nuremberg

Judith Auer

Judith Kerr

Jugendbund

Juho Kusti Paasikivi

Jules Armand Dufaure

Jules Bocandé

Jules Bonvalet

Jules Cambon

Jules De Bisschop

Jules de Clérambault

Jules Dewaquez

Jules Dumont

Jules Ferry

Jules Granier

Jules Guesde

Jules James

Jules Janin

Jules Joffrin (Paris Métro)

Jules Lemaître

Jules Michelet

Jules Olitski

Jules Sandeau

Jules Simon

Jules Sylvain Zeller

Jules Vallès

Jules Verne

Jules Vuillemin

Julia Catherine Stimson

Julia Child

Julia Rozenberg

Julian Amery, Baron Amery of Lustleigh

Julian C. Smith

Julian Faber

Julian Kulski

Julian Scherner

Julie Depardieu

Julie Dreyfus

Julie Manet

Julie Vlasto

Julie Wolfthorn

Julien Arias

Julien Baudet

Julien de Lallande Poydras

Julien François

Julien Green

Julien Havet

Julien Saubade

Juliet Berto

Juliette Binoche

Julije Makanec

Julio Chiaramonte

Julio Cortázar

Julio César Cáceres

Julio Dely Valdés

Julio Hernán Rossi

Julio Olarticoechea

Julius Buckler

Julius D. Canns

Julius Dorpmüller

Julius Frey

Julius Fučík

Julius Hirsch

Julius Körner

Julius Keyl

Julius Klinger

Julius Leber

Julius Lippert (politician)

Julius Ochs Adler

Julius Paltiel

Julius Ringel

Julius Schaub

Julius Schreck

Julius Schulte-Frohlinde

Julius Streicher

Julius W. Becton Jr.

Juliusz Bursche

Juliusz Rómmel

Juliusz Zulauf

July 20 plot

July Column

Jun Ushiroku

June Days Uprising

Jungle Carbine

Jungle Division

Jungle Queen (serial)

Jungmädelbund

Junichi Sasai

Junio Valerio Borghese

Junior J. Spurrier

Junior Juniper

Junior Van Noy

Junker (SS rank)

Junkers A 35

Junkers EF 009

Junkers EF 132

Junkers EF 61

Junkers G.38

Junkers J.I

Junkers Ju 160

Junkers Ju 187

Junkers Ju 188

Junkers Ju 252

Junkers Ju 287

Junkers Ju 288

Junkers Ju 290

Junkers Ju 322

Junkers Ju 352

Junkers Ju 388

Junkers Ju 390

Junkers Ju 488

Junkers Ju 52

Junkers Ju 86

Junkers Ju 87

Junkers Ju 88

Junkers Ju 89

Junkers Ju 90

Junkers W 34

Juno Beach Centre

Juno Beach

Junrokurō Matsuura

Junyō Maru

Juozas Lukša

Jura Soyfer

Jure Francetić

Jurek Becker

Jussieu (Paris Métro)

Jussieu Campus

Just Fontaine

Just Like That

Justas Paleckis

Justice M. Chambers

Justinien de Clary

Justus Scrafford

Jutta Rüdiger

Jérôme Éyana

Jérôme Alonzo

Jérôme Carcopino

Jérôme Lalande

Jérôme Leroy (footballer)

Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve

Jérôme Rothen

Jérémy Clément

Jérémy Toulalan

Jäger Report

Indian Ocean in World War II

Prior to World War II, the Indian Ocean was an important maritime trade route between European nations and their colonial territories in East Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, British India, Indochina, the East Indies (Indonesia), and Australia for a long time. Naval presence was dominated by the Royal Navy Eastern Fleet and the Royal Australian Navy as World War II began, with a major portion of the Royal Netherlands Navy operating in the Dutch East Indies and the Red Sea Flotilla of the Italian Regia Marina operating from Massawa.

Axis naval forces gave a high priority to disrupting Allied trade in the Indian Ocean. Initial anti-shipping measures of unrestricted submarine warfare and covert raiding ships expanded to include airstrikes by aircraft carriers and raids by cruisers of the Imperial Japanese Navy. A Kriegsmarine Monsun Gruppe of U-boats operated from the eastern Indian Ocean after the Persian Corridor became an important military supply route to the Soviet Union.

Japanese ship Ashigara

At least two naval ships of Japan have been named Ashigara:

Japanese cruiser Ashigara, a cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy, named after the mountain

JS Ashigara (DDG-178), an Atago-class destroyer of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force

List of shipwrecks of Asia

This is a list of shipwrecks located in or around the continent of Asia.

Mount Ashigara

Mount Ashigara (足柄山), also known as Mount Kintoki (金時山), is the northernmost peak of the Hakone caldera, on the border of Kanagawa and Shizuoka prefectures, in the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park in Japan. Ashigara is not a remnant of the collapse of the old Hakone volcano itself, but rather a parasitic cone growing from its flank.

Mount Ashigara is the legendary birthplace of Kintarō.

SS President Hoover

SS President Hoover was a Dollar Steamship Lines ocean liner. She was completed in 1930 and provided a trans-Pacific service between the US and the Far East. In 1937 she ran aground on an island off Formosa (now known as Taiwan) during a typhoon and was declared a total loss. She had a sister ship, President Coolidge, that was completed in 1931, was made a troopship in 1941 and was lost after striking a mine while attempting to enter the harbor at Espiritu Santo in 1942.

Toyoaki Horiuchi

Toyoaki Horiuchi (Japanese: 堀内豊秋, Hepburn: Horiuchi Toyoaki, September 27, 1900 – September 25, 1948) was a Japanese Navy officer; his highest rank was taisa (大佐, captain). He was known for the development of naval gymnastics, which were meant to improve the alertness and flexibility of sailors in closed areas of warships and he was known for leading the paratroopers. He was the first jumper during the drop on an airfield 60 km south of Manado, Indonesia, in the Battle of Manado.

USS Hugh L. Scott (AP-43)

USS Hugh L. Scott (AP-43) was a Hugh L. Scott-class transport ship. She was built in 1921 and spent 20 years in merchant service as a passenger and cargo liner. She was acquired for the United States Navy shortly before the USA entered the Second World War, served as a troopship in Operation Torch in November 1942, and was sunk by a U-boat four days later. 59 crewmen and soldiers died during the sinking.

USS J. Franklin Bell (APA-16)

USS J. Franklin Bell (APA-16) was a Harris-class attack transport ship. She was built in 1921 and spent 20 years in merchant service as a passenger and cargo liner. She was acquired for the United States Army in 1940 and transferred to the United States Navy shortly after the USA entered the Second World War. She served throughout and after the Pacific War, was decommissioned in 1946 and scrapped in 1948.

Shipwrecks
Other incidents

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.