Janet Napolitano

Janet Ann Napolitano (/nəpɒlɪˈtænoʊ/;[1] born November 29, 1957) is an American politician, lawyer, and university administrator who served as the 21st governor of Arizona from 2003 to 2009 and United States secretary of homeland security from 2009 to 2013, under President Barack Obama. She has been president of the University of California system since September 2013, shortly after she resigned as Secretary of Homeland Security.

Prior to her election as governor, she served as Attorney General of Arizona from 1999 to 2003. She was the first woman and the 23rd person to serve in that office. Napolitano is the 1977 Truman Scholar from New Mexico.

She has been the first woman to serve in several offices, including Attorney General of Arizona, Secretary of Homeland Security, and president of the University of California.

Forbes ranked her as the world's ninth most powerful woman in 2012.[2] In 2008, she was cited by The New York Times to be among the women most likely to become the first female President of the United States.[3] Some political commentators had suggested a possible candidacy in the 2016 election.[4][5] She was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 2018.[6]

Janet Napolitano
Janet Napolitano official portrait
20th President of the University of California
Assumed office
September 30, 2013
Preceded byMark Yudof
3rd United States Secretary of Homeland Security
In office
January 21, 2009 – September 6, 2013
PresidentBarack Obama
DeputyJane Holl Lute
Rand Beers (Acting)
Preceded byMichael Chertoff
Succeeded byJeh Johnson
Chair of the National Governors Association
In office
August 7, 2006 – July 23, 2007
Preceded byMike Huckabee
Succeeded byTim Pawlenty
21st Governor of Arizona
In office
January 6, 2003 – January 21, 2009
Preceded byJane Dee Hull
Succeeded byJan Brewer
23rd Attorney General of Arizona
In office
January 4, 1999 – January 6, 2003
GovernorJane Dee Hull
Preceded byGrant Woods
Succeeded byTerry Goddard
United States Attorney for the District of Arizona
In office
November 19, 1993 – November 1, 1997
PresidentBill Clinton
Preceded byLinda Akers
Succeeded byJose de Jesus Rivera
Personal details
Born
Janet Ann Napolitano

November 29, 1957 (age 61)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
EducationSanta Clara University (BA)
University of Virginia (JD)
Signature
Janet Napolitano's signature

Early life

Janet Napolitano was born on November 29, 1957, in New York City, the daughter of Jane Marie (née Winer) and Leonard Michael Napolitano, who was the dean of the University of New Mexico School of Medicine.[7] Her father was of Italian descent and her mother had German and Austrian ancestry.[7][8] Napolitano is a Methodist.[9] She is the oldest of three children; she has a younger brother and sister. She was raised in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania,[10] and Albuquerque, New Mexico, where she graduated from Sandia High School in Albuquerque in 1975 and was voted Most Likely to Succeed.[11]

Napolitano attended Santa Clara University in Santa Clara, California, where she won a Truman Scholarship and studied political science.[10][11] She was named valedictorian of her graduating class.[11] After graduation, she went to work as an analyst for the United States Senate Committee on the Budget.[11] In 1978, she studied for a term at the London School of Economics as part of Santa Clara's exchange programme through IES Abroad. She then received her Juris Doctor (J.D.) from the University of Virginia School of Law.[11] After law school she served as a law clerk for Judge Mary M. Schroeder of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, and then joined Schroeder's former firm, Lewis and Roca located in Phoenix.[11] Napolitano was named a partner of the firm in 1989.[10]

Early political career

In 1991, while a partner at Lewis and Roca LLP, Napolitano served as an attorney for Anita Hill.[11][12] Anita Hill testified in the U.S. Senate that then U.S. Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas had sexually harassed her ten years earlier when she was his subordinate at the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.[13]

In 1993, Napolitano was appointed by President Bill Clinton as United States Attorney for the District of Arizona.[11] As U.S. Attorney, she was involved in the investigation of Michael Fortier of Kingman, Arizona, in connection with the Oklahoma City bombing. She ran for and won the position of Arizona Attorney General in 1998. During her tenure as attorney general, she focused on consumer protection issues and improving general law enforcement.

While still serving as attorney general, she spoke at the 2000 Democratic National Convention just three weeks after having a mastectomy. Napolitano recalls that the pain was so unbearable that she couldn't stand up. "Work and family helped me focus on other things while I battled the cancer," says Napolitano. "I am very grateful for all the support I had from family, friends and Arizonans."[14]

Governor of Arizona

Janet Napolitano DNC 2008
Napolitano speaks during the second day of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado.

In 2002, Napolitano narrowly won the gubernatorial election with 46 percent of the vote, succeeding Republican Jane Dee Hull and defeating her Republican opponent, former congressman Matt Salmon, who received 45 percent of the vote. She was Arizona's third female governor and the first woman in the United States to be elected governor to succeed another elected female governor.[15] She was also the first Democrat popularly elected to the governorship since Bruce Babbitt left office in 1987, and the first female governor of Arizona to be elected outright.

She spoke at the 2004 Democratic Convention,[16] after some initially considered her to be a possible running mate for presidential candidate Sen. John Kerry in the 2004 presidential election but Kerry selected Sen. John Edwards instead. In November 2005, Time magazine named her one of the five best governors in the U.S.[17]

As Governor, Napolitano set records for total number of vetoes issued. In 2005, she set a single session record of 58 vetoes, breaking Jane Dee Hull's 2001 record of 28.[18][19] This was followed in June 2006, less than four years into her term, when she issued her 115th veto and set the all-time record for vetoes by an Arizona governor. The previous record of 114 vetoes was set by Bruce Babbitt during his nine years in office.[19][20] By the time she left office, the governor had issued 180 vetoes.[21]

In November 2006, Napolitano won the gubernatorial election, defeating the Republican challenger, Len Munsil, by a nearly 2–1 ratio and becoming the first woman to be re-elected to that office. Arizona's constitution provides a two-consecutive-term term limit for its governors,[22] meaning Napolitano would have been barred from seeking a third term in office in 2010.

In January 2006, she won the Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service. She was a member of the Democratic Governors Association Executive Committee. Furthermore, she has also served previously as Chair of the Western Governors Association, and the National Governors Association. She served as NGA Chair from 2006 to 2007,[10] and was the first female governor and first governor of Arizona to serve in that position.

Secretary of Homeland Security

Janet Napolitano announces Border Security task force
Napolitano announcing a border security task force.

In February 2006, Napolitano was named by The White House Project as one of "8 in '08", a group of eight female politicians who could possibly run for president in 2008.[23] On January 11, 2008, Napolitano endorsed then Illinois Senator Barack Obama as the Democratic nominee for president.[24] On November 5, 2008, Napolitano was named to the advisory board of the Obama-Biden Transition Project.[25] On December 1, 2008, Barack Obama introduced Napolitano as his nominee for United States Secretary of Homeland Security.[26][27] On January 20, 2009, Napolitano was confirmed, becoming the first woman appointed Secretary in the relatively new department, and the fourth person to hold the position overall (including one acting secretary). Arizona Secretary of State Jan Brewer became governor of Arizona, as the state does not have a lieutenant governor.

Super Bowl XLIV security news conference 2010-02-01 1
Napolitano discussing security at a Super Bowl XLIV press conference. The Super Bowl is designated as a National Special Security Event by Homeland Security.

In March 2009, Napolitano told the German news site Der Spiegel that while she presumes there is always a threat from terrorism: "I referred to 'man-caused' disasters. That is perhaps only a nuance, but it demonstrates that we want to move away from the politics of fear toward a policy of being prepared for all risks that can occur."[28] In April 2009, Napolitano, in an interview defending her plans to tighten Canada–US border, incorrectly implied that September 11 attack perpetrators entered the United States from Canada, a claim which had previously been made by multiple United States politicians based upon erroneous news reports in the days after the attack. Although Napolitano clarified she misunderstood the question and was referring to other individuals who had planned attacks and entered through Canada, some Canadian diplomats and leaders were displeased at what they saw as the persistence of a myth.[29]

In response to criticism, she later said, "Nonetheless, to the extent that terrorists have come into our country or suspected or known terrorists have entered our country across a border, it's been across the Canadian border. There are real issues there." Though there has only been one case, that of Ahmed Ressam an Algerian citizen who was in Canada illegally.[30]

Right-wing extremism memo

Napolitano was the subject of controversy after the release of a Department of Homeland Security threat assessment report that was seen as derogatory towards armed forces veterans. The report focused on potential threats from the radical right.[31] Rightwing [sic] Extremism: Current Economic and Political Climate Fueling Resurgence in Radicalization and Recruitment[32] was made public in April 2009. The report suggested several factors, including the election of the first black or mixed race president of Barack Obama, perceived future gun control measures, illegal immigration, economic downturn beginning in 2008, abortion controversy, and disgruntled military veterans' possible vulnerability to recruitment efforts by extremist groups as potential risk factors regarding right-wing extremism recruitment.[33]

Napolitano made multiple apologies for any offense veterans groups had taken at the reference to veterans in the assessment, and promised to meet with those groups to discuss the issue.[32] The Department of Homeland Security admitted a "breakdown in an internal process" by ignoring objections by the Office of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties to an unnamed portion of the document.[34]

While the American Legion reportedly criticized the assessment, Glen M. Gardner Jr., the national commander of the 2.2 million-member Veterans of Foreign Wars, defended it generally, saying it "should have been worded differently" but served a vital purpose. "A government that does not assess internal and external security threats would be negligent of a critical public responsibility", he said in a statement.[31]

Reaction to Northwest Airlines Flight 253

Napolitano was criticized[35] for stating in an interview with CNN's Candy Crowley that "the system worked" with regard to an attempted terrorist attack on Northwest Airlines Flight 253 approaching Detroit on Christmas Day 2009. She later went on NBC's Today Show with host Matt Lauer and admitted that the security system had indeed failed.[36]

This is Napolitano's later-criticised statement to Crowley:

What we are focused on is making sure that the air environment remains safe, that people are confident when they travel. And one thing I'd like to point out is that the system worked. Everybody played an important role here. The passengers and crew of the flight took appropriate action. Within literally an hour to 90 minutes of the incident occurring, all 128 flights in the air had been notified to take some special measures in light of what had occurred on the Northwest Airlines flight. We instituted new measures on the ground and at screening areas, both here in the United States and in Europe, where this flight originated. So the whole process of making sure that we respond properly, correctly and effectively went very smoothly.[37]

In her interview with Lauer, Napolitano said that her earlier statement was "taken out of context" and maintained "air travel is safe", but admitted, "our system did not work in this instance" and no one "is happy or satisfied with that".[36] Lauer asked her whether the system failed up until the moment the bomber tried to blow up the plane, and Napolitano answered, "It did [fail]."[36]

Secure Communities

Secure Communities is a deportation program managed by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, a subdivision of Homeland Security. Napolitano came under scrutiny for contradicting herself publicly on whether the program is voluntary or mandatory for local jurisdictions to join. On September 7, 2010, Napolitano said in a letter to Congresswoman Zoe Lofgren that jurisdictions that wished to withdraw from the program could do so. Yet an October 2010 Washington Post article quoted an anonymous senior ICE official asserting: "Secure Communities is not based on state or local cooperation in federal law enforcement ... State and local law enforcement agencies are going to continue to fingerprint people and those fingerprints are forwarded to FBI for criminal checks. ICE will take immigration action appropriately."[38]

At a press conference days later, Napolitano modified her position: "What my letter said was that we would work with them on the implementation in terms of timing and the like ... But we do not view this as an opt-in, opt-out program."[39] She did not provide legal justification. Meanwhile, in Arlington, Virginia, the Board of Supervisors unanimously passed a resolution to opt out of SComm.[40] A subordinate DHS employee David Venturella stated at a policy conference: "Have we created some of the confusion out there? Absolutely we have."[41]

Printer bomb attempt

Janet Napolitano has issued a ban for toner and ink cartridges weighing more than one pound on passenger flights, in response to the October 2010 Yemen bomb plot.[42] In response to the printer bomb attempt and the "underwear" bomb attempt of 2009, Napolitano has instituted "enhanced pat downs". These pat downs may include the touching of sensitive areas such as breasts and genitals.[43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50]

Walmart–DHS partnership

On December 6, 2010, Walmart announced it was partnering with DHS.[51] The partnership included a video message from Napolitano on TV screens in Wal-Mart stores playing a "public service announcement" to ask customers to report suspicious activity to a Wal-Mart manager. The rationale is that national security begins at home. Napolitano "compares the undertaking to the Cold War fight against communists."[52]

Tucson memorial

Kelly Napolitano Tucson Memorial 2011
Napolitano stands next to Mark Kelly, husband of shooting survivor Gabrielle Giffords, at the memorial event.

On January 12, 2011, along with President Barack Obama, Napolitano was one of many speakers selected to express sympathies to the community of Tucson, the State of Arizona, and the Nation in a televised memorial for the 2011 Tucson shooting.

Discrimination lawsuit

In July 2012, Napolitano was accused of allowing discrimination against male staffers within the Department of Homeland Security.[53][54] The federal discrimination lawsuit, filed in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, was filled by James Hayes Jr. who is presently a special agent of Immigrations and Customs Enforcement in New York City.[55] The suit alleges that Dora Schriro and Suzanne Barr mistreated male staffers and promotions were given to women who were friends of Napolitano, and when the abuse was reported to the Equal Employment Opportunity office, that Napolitano launched a series of misconduct investigations against the reporting party, Hayes.[56] The Immigrations and Customs Enforcement's spokesperson stated that he would not comment on "unfounded claims".[57]

Suzanne Barr, who was one of Napolitano's first appointments after she became secretary in 2009, went on leave after Hayes filed his lawsuit and then resigned on September 1, 2012. She called the allegations in the lawsuit "unfounded."[58]

Napolitano was sued by an Immigration and Customs Enforcement agent who claims he was pulled from his post interviewing suspicious travelers at JFK Airport after making a series of employment-discrimination complaints.[59] In November 2012, Hayes' attorney in Maryland, Morris Fischer, said the "parties have come to an agreement in principal" to settle the case for $175,000. In addition to the money, "a formal settlement agreement will be executed within the next several days" that will include other conditions, including Hayes keeping his job.[60]

University of California

Napolitano announced she would leave her post as Secretary of Homeland Security at the end of August 2013 to become president of the University of California system.[61][62] She was appointed the 20th president by the University of California Board of Regents on July 18, 2013, and began her tenure as president on September 30, 2013.[63]

President Napolitano proposed increases in tuition to compensate for the decrease in state support.[64] At the same time, she proposed a raise to 15 of the most highly paid executives at UC.[64] UC students protested "against Napolitano's approval of immigration issues and her lack of experience in education." [65] The proposed tuition hikes, which could be reduced or eliminated if the state provides sufficient revenue, were approved by the Regents of the University of California on November 20, 2014.[66][67]

On March 17, 2015, at a UC regents meeting at which Napolitano was present, 30 students began to protest higher tuition fees. In response to the protest, Napolitano was heard saying to UC regent Chairman Bruce Varner on the UC video stream of the meeting "Let's go, we don't have to listen to this crap".[68]

In August 2015, network monitoring hardware was installed on the UC Berkeley campus network at the behest of Napolitano.[69] Critics fear that this hardware can be used to monitor all network traffic, including academics' emails. Despite internal criticism, the decision to install the hardware was kept secret until January 2016, when a number of professors addressed it in a public letter.[70]

Janet Napolitano by Gage Skidmore
Napolitano campaigning for Hillary Clinton in Phoenix, Arizona on October 30, 2016.

In April 2016, Napolitano placed Linda Katehi, the chancellor of UC Davis, on administrative leave following revelations that the university attempted to suppress web searches relating to the UC Davis pepper-spray incident, as well as charges of nepotism and misuse of student funds.[71]

On April 25, 2017 the California State Auditor issued a report that Janet Napolitano and her University of California Office of the President secretly failed to disclose $175 million dollars and engaged in misleading budget practices[72] After a subsequent investigation, the University of California took disciplinary action against Napolitano, issuing a public admonishment.[73] According to the independent report by retired State Supreme Justice Carlos R. Moreno, Napolitano approved a plan that pressured the ten UC campuses to change their survey responses about Napolitano's administration from negative responses to positive ones.[73][74][75]

On September 8, 2017 the University of California and Janet Napolitano filed a lawsuit against the United States Federal Government in response to President Trump's decision to ultimately end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals or DACA.[76]

Speculation on other appointments

She had also been discussed as a contender for appointment to the U.S. Supreme Court.[77][78][79]

In September 2014, when Attorney General Eric Holder announced his intention to step down, Napolitano was speculated as being a potential candidate as the next United States Attorney General.[80] Instead Loretta Lynch was Holder's replacement.[81]

Personal life

Napolitano is an avid basketball fan and regularly plays tennis and softball.[82] Whitewater rafting and hiking are among her hobbies. She has hiked in Arizona's Superstition Mountains, New Mexico's Sandia Mountains, and the Himalayas, and has climbed Mount Kilimanjaro.[83]

Napolitano has never married or had children; as a result, there has been speculation about her sexual orientation. This included some campaign activity in 2002 when "vote gay" fliers were posted next to her campaign signs. Despite the claims, Napolitano stated on record that she's "just a straight, single workaholic".[84]

Cancer diagnosis

Napolitano has been undergoing cancer-related treatment since August 2016.[85] On January 17, 2017, Napolitano was hospitalized in Oakland for complications from the cancer treatment.[86][87] She was released from the hospital on January 23, 2017.[88]

Electoral history

Arizona gubernatorial election 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Janet Napolitano 499,284 46.2 +0.9
Republican Matt Salmon 478,935 45.3
Independent Richard D. Mahoney 84,947 6.9
Libertarian Barry Hess 20,356 1.7
Democratic gain from Republican Swing
Arizona gubernatorial election 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Janet Napolitano (incumbent) 959,830 62.6 +16.4
Republican Len Munsil 543,528 35.4
Libertarian Barry Hess 30,268 2.0
Democratic hold Swing

See also

References

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  83. ^ "10 Things You Didn't Know About Janet Napolitano", US News and World Report. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
  84. ^ Crawford, Amanda J. (September 24, 2006). "Marriage debate divides Arizona". azcentral.com. Retrieved 2013-01-12.
  85. ^ Reuters (January 17, 2017). "JANET NAPOLITANO HOSPITALIZED DURING CANCER TREATMENT". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
  86. ^ Matier & Ross (January 22, 2017). "Napolitano's cancer treatment took UC regents by surprise". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
  87. ^ Nick Anderson (January 17, 2017). "UC President Janet Napolitano hospitalized with cancer". Washington Post. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
  88. ^ "UC President Napolitano Returns To Work After Hospitalization". CBS. January 23, 2017. Retrieved January 23, 2017.

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
Grant Woods
Attorney General of Arizona
1999–2003
Succeeded by
Terry Goddard
Party political offices
Preceded by
Paul Johnson
Democratic nominee for Governor of Arizona
2002, 2006
Succeeded by
Terry Goddard
Political offices
Preceded by
Jane Dee Hull
Governor of Arizona
2003–2009
Succeeded by
Jan Brewer
Preceded by
Mike Huckabee
Chair of National Governors Association
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Tim Pawlenty
Preceded by
Michael Chertoff
United States Secretary of Homeland Security
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Rand Beers
(Acting)
Academic offices
Preceded by
Mark Yudof
President of the University of California System
2013–present
Incumbent
2002 Arizona gubernatorial election

The 2002 Arizona gubernatorial election took place on November 5, 2002. Democratic Attorney General Janet Napolitano defeated former Republican Representative Matt Salmon for the office of Governor of Arizona. Upon her inaguration Napolitano became the first woman to succeed another woman as Governor of a state.

2004 Arizona Democratic primary

The 2004 Arizona primary took place on February 3, 2004, as part of the 2004 United States Democratic presidential primaries. The delegate allocation is Proportional. the candidates are awarded delegates in proportion to the percentage of votes received and is open to registered Democrats only. A total of 55 (of 64) delegates are awarded proportionally. A 15 percent threshold is required to receive delegates. Frontrunner John Kerry won the primary with former general Wesley Clark coming second.

In 2003 the Arizona primary had been moved up from February 24 to February 3 by Democratic Governor Janet Napolitano in order to give the state more influence in the nomination contest.

2006 Arizona gubernatorial election

The 2006 Arizona gubernatorial election was held on November 7, 2006. Incumbent Democratic Governor Janet Napolitano, was reelected without major opposition. The Governor's widespread popularity contributed to her easily won campaign for reelection; her general approval rating in October 2006, one month before the election, was at 58%. As of 2019, this is the most recent election in which a Democrat was elected Governor of Arizona.

9/11 Memorial (Arizona)

The 9/11 Memorial in Arizona is a state memorial to the events and aftermath of the September 11 attacks, located at the Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza near the State Capitol in Phoenix, Arizona. The monument is a circular plan with a flat inclined metal ring. The ring was inscribed with written statements by cutting each letter through the metal, thus allowing sunlight to project the statements onto the concrete base of the monument.

A member of the design team, Eddie Jones, stated: "The attacks gave America a sense of what the rest of the world is feeling, sometimes on a daily basis" and "We're certainly not as innocent as we used to be."

Although she had no editorial control over the final result, the memorial is endorsed by then-Governor Janet Napolitano. "This Memorial is unique, bold, dynamic, educational and unforgettable," says Napolitano. "The thoughts and remarks etched in stone will serve as learning tools for all of us, our children and our children's children."The memorial is supported by some 9/11 families and survivors and is sponsored by the city of Phoenix, the Phoenix firefighters' union, and Bank of America, among many other institutions. While built on public land, no public funds were used to build or promote the memorial.

Big Sister

Big Sister may refer to:

An older sister, see birth order

Big Sister (brothel), an online brothel in Prague

"The Big Sister" (Dexter's Laboratory), an episode of Dexter's Laboratory

"Big Sister," a song by Elvis Costello and the Attractions from Trust

Big Sister's Island, one of the Sisters' Islands of Singapore

Big Sisters, part of the Big Brothers, Big Sisters program

Big Sister (radio), a radio soap opera

Big Sister, an enemy type in the game BioShock 2

Big Sis, a nickname for Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano

The Big Sister (film), a lost 1916 American drama silent film

Carol Springer

Carol Springer (née Purkeypile; December 5, 1936 – August 9, 2018) was an American politician who served as State Treasurer of Arizona from January 1999 until January 2003. A Republican, she was elected in November 1998.During her tenure, all five of Arizona's statewide executive offices were held by women: Governor Jane Dee Hull, Secretary of State Betsey Bayless, Attorney General Janet Napolitano, Springer, and Superintendent of Public Instruction Lisa Graham Keegan.

Springer served as an Arizona State Senator for District 1 between 1990 and 1998. She ran in the 2002 gubernatorial primary election as a Republican. In 2005 she assumed the position of Yavapai County Supervisor.

Daniel G. Knauss

Daniel G. Knauss was the Acting United States Attorney for the District of Arizona. Knauss served in that position in 1993 until Janet Napolitano was appointed by President Bill Clinton as United States Attorney for the District of Arizona. Knauss also served in the same position in 2007, receiving an appointment from George W. Bush. As of 2007, Knauss has worked for 34 years as an assistant district attorney.

Felecia Rotellini

Felecia Rotellini is an attorney, politician and current Chairwoman of the Arizona Democratic Party. Rotellini twice ran for attorney general in 2014 and 2010 and served as director of the Arizona Department of Banking under Governor Janet Napolitano.

Len Munsil

Len Munsil is the President of Arizona Christian University. He was the Arizona Republican Party nominee for Governor of Arizona in the 2006 gubernatorial election, coming from behind to upset Don Goldwater in the Republican primary in his first run for any elective office. He lost to incumbent Janet Napolitano in the general election on November 7, 2006. In 2016 he served as a delegate to the Republican National Convention in Cleveland, and a member of the GOP Platform Committee.Munsil was the founding President for the Center for Arizona Policy, serving from 1996 to 2005. On November 17, 2011 he was announced as the permanent president of Arizona Christian University

Matt Salmon

Matthew James Salmon (born January 21, 1958) is an American Republican politician, who retired from office after serving as representative for Arizona's 5th congressional district. The district is based in Mesa and includes most of the East Valley. He previously represented the district, then numbered as the 1st District, from 1995 to 2001. In 2002, he lost by less than 1% to Janet Napolitano in a highly competitive governor's race. He regained his old congressional seat in the 2012 election. Salmon and his wife Nancy have been married for 34 years. They have four children and seven grandchildren.On February 25, 2016, Salmon announced his retirement from politics.

In June 2016, Arizona State University announced that Salmon would join ASU as Vice President for Government Affairs in the Office of Government & Community Engagement. In this position, Salmon will oversee the university’s local, state and federal relations teams.

National Cybersecurity Center

The National Cybersecurity Center (NCC) is an office within the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) created in March 2008, and is based on the requirements of National Security Presidential Directive 54/Homeland Security Presidential Directive 23 (NSPD-54/HSPD-23), reporting directly to the DHS Secretary. The NCC is tasked with protecting the U.S. Government’s communications networks. The Center monitors, collects and shares information on systems belonging to NSA, FBI, DoD, and DHS.

The first Director appointed to head the Center was Rod Beckstrom, an entrepreneur and co-author of The Starfish and the Spider. On March 5, 2009, Beckstrom tendered his resignation as the Director of National Cybersecurity Center. According to the Washington Post, Beckstrom resigned, "...due to a lack of resources and because there were efforts underway to fold his group – as well as the division Reitinger is joining – into a facility at the NSA." On March 11, 2009, Phil Reitinger, then at Microsoft, was appointed to the position.On October 30, 2009, DHS Secretary Janet Napolitano opened the National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center (NCCIC). The NCCIC combined two DHS organizations: the United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT) and the National Coordinating Center for Telecommunications (NCC). It also integrates the efforts of the National Cybersecurity Center (NCC), the DHS Office of Intelligence and Analysis (I&A), and private-sector partners of DHS.

National Security Network

The National Security Network (NSN) was a non-profit foreign policy organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, that focused on international relations, global affairs and national security. Characterizing itself as "progressive," the NSN's mission statement asserts the group aimed to "build a strong progressive national security and counter conservative spin."

NSN "suspended active operations" as of March 2016, according to their website.Its founder, Rand Beers, was a Bush Administration counter-terrorism expert and is the former National Security Adviser to the John Kerry presidential campaign, 2004. Beers resigned from NSN in 2009 to serve as Counselor to Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano. Among other things, the National Security Network acts as a resource for media outlets, releasing frequent opinion papers on a wide variety of foreign policy issues and engaging in rapid responses to current events. It also hosted the liberal global affairs blog Democracy Arsenal.

Rand Beers

Rand Beers (born November 30, 1942) is an American government official who served as Deputy Homeland Security Advisor to the President of the United States during the Barack Obama administration. He also served as acting Secretary of Homeland Security following the resignation of Secretary Janet Napolitano on September 6, 2013 until Jeh Johnson assumed that office on December 23, 2013.

As Under Secretary, Beers directed the Department's efforts to reduce risks to physical, cyber and communications infrastructures. NPPD collaborates with all levels of government, the private sector, non-government organizations, and international bodies to prevent, respond to, and mitigate threats to U.S. national security from acts of terrorism, natural disasters, and other catastrophic events.

He is a member of the National Infrastructure Advisory Council.Beers served as Counselor to Secretary Janet Napolitano beginning on January 21, 2009 and continued in that capacity while directing the activities of NPPD. Before his appointment, he was the co-leader of the Department of Homeland Security Transition Team for the incoming Obama administration. Prior to the 2008 election, Beers was president of the National Security Network, a Washington, D.C.-based foreign policy think tank he founded in 2006 to foster discussion of progressive national security ideas around the country, and an Adjunct Lecturer at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.

Beers began his professional career as a Marine officer and rifle company commander in Vietnam (1964–1968). He entered the Foreign Service in 1971 and transferred to the Civil Service in 1983. He served most of his career in the Department of State, including as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Regional Affairs in the Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs, focusing on the Middle East and Persian Gulf (1992–1993). He was Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (1998–2002).

Beers also served on the NSC Staff in the following capacies: Director for Counter-terrorism and Counter-narcotics (1988–1992), Director for Peacekeeping (1993–1995), and Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Intelligence Programs (1995–1998), and Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Combating Terrorism on the NSC Staff (2002–2003). He resigned from the NSC Staff in March 2003, retired from government service in April 2003, and served as national security advisor for the Kerry-Edwards campaign (2003–2004).

Beers earned a bachelor's degree from Dartmouth College and a master's degree from the University of Michigan. The New York Times described Beers as "always a Democrat, though he served in several Republican administrations and says he voted for only one Republican: Spiro T. Agnew for governor of Maryland in 1966".

Scott Bales

W. Scott Bales (born 1956) is the Chief Justice of the Arizona Supreme Court. He was appointed to the court in 2005 by Governor Janet Napolitano, through Arizona's merit selection system. He was retained for a six-year term in 2008. He was elected by his fellow justices as Chief Justice of the Arizona Supreme Court, effective June 27, 2014. He replaced Justice Rebecca White Berch as Chief Justice.

Solar power in Arizona

Solar power in Arizona has the potential to, according to then-Governor Janet Napolitano, make Arizona "the Persian Gulf of solar energy". In 2012, Arizona had 1,106 MW of photovoltaic (PV) solar power systems, and 6 MW of concentrated solar power (CSP), bringing the total to over 1,112 megawatts (MW) of solar power. The Solana Generating Station is a 280 MW parabolic trough solar plant which is the largest plant of its type in the world. Solana includes 6 hours of power storage by molten salt. The plant will provide 5% of the power from Arizona Public Service, the state's largest utility.

A Renewable Portfolio Standard set by the Arizona Corporation Commission requires 15% renewable energy by 2025 among regulated utilities, 4.5% of which must come from distributed renewable energy sources.

As of January 30, 2013, 19 projects, with a total nameplate capacity of 13.450 gigawatts (GW) are actively seeking permission to build on federally owned BLM land in Arizona, and one, the 300 MW Sonoran Solar Project has been approved.

The Santa Clara

The Santa Clara is Santa Clara University's weekly student newspaper. It publishes 1,100 free copies every Thursday during the academic year. The newspaper was founded under the same name on February 22, 1922.The newspaper has received numerous awards for excellence, including the Associated Collegiate Press's Pacemaker prize in 2004 and 1995. The paper's website won the online version of the prize in 2006.Notable past staffers of The Santa Clara include Dee Dee Myers, President Bill Clinton's press secretary; former Department of Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano; ProPublica investigative journalist Jack Gillum; CNN's Jeremy Herb, and journalist and author Joe Tone.

USNS Yuma (T-EPF-8)

USNS Yuma (T-EPF-8) is the eighth Spearhead-class expeditionary fast transport and operated by the Military Sealift Command. It is the fourth ship in naval service named after Yuma, Arizona.The ship was christened on 20 August 2016 by ship's sponsor Janet Napolitano and launched at Austal USA in Mobile, Alabama on 17 September 2016. The Yuma completed acceptance trials on 26 January 2017 and its delivery was accepted by the U.S. Navy on 21 April 2017.

Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and Analysis

The Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Intelligence and Analysis is a high level civilian official in the United States Department of Homeland Security. The Under Secretary, as head of the Office of Intelligence and Analysis at DHS, is the principal staff assistant and adviser to the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security for fusing law enforcement and intelligence information relating to terrorist threats.

The Under Secretary is appointed from civilian life by the President with the consent of the Senate to serve at the pleasure of the President. The current Under Secretary is David Glawe, since he assumed office on August 8, 2017.

United States Secretary of Homeland Security

The United States Secretary of Homeland Security is the head of the United States Department of Homeland Security, the body concerned with protecting the U.S. and the safety of U.S. citizens. The secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet. The position was created by the Homeland Security Act following the attacks of September 11, 2001. The new department consisted primarily of components transferred from other cabinet departments because of their role in homeland security, such as the Coast Guard, the Federal Protective Service, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (which includes the Border Patrol), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (which includes Homeland Security Investigations), the Secret Service, and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). It did not, however, include the FBI or the CIA.On January 20, 2009, the Senate confirmed Barack Obama's appointment of Janet Napolitano to be the third Secretary of Homeland Security, effective January 21, 2009. Napolitano resigned effective August 2013 to head the University of California. On October 17, President Obama announced his intention to nominate former General Counsel of the Department of Defense Jeh Johnson, and on December 16, the US Senate confirmed the nomination.The current Secretary of Homeland Security is Kirstjen Nielsen following the appointment of the then-incumbent secretary, John F. Kelly, to the post of White House Chief of Staff by President Donald Trump. It was announced on October 12, 2017, that Kirstjen Nielsen was nominated as Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security by President Donald Trump. She was confirmed by the Senate on December 5, 2017. The Senate confirmation vote was 62-37.

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