James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton, KT, PRS (1702 – 12 October 1768) was a Scottish astronomer and representative peer who was President of the Philosophical Society of Edinburgh from its foundation in 1737 until his death. He also became President of the Royal Society (24 March 1764), and was a distinguished patron of science, and particularly of astronomy.
He was born in Edinburgh as the son of George Douglas, 13th Earl of Morton and his second wife Frances Adderley. He graduated MA from King's College, Cambridge in 1722. In 1746 he visited France, and was imprisoned in the Bastille, probably as a Jacobite. He had a long lasting tendency to protest the actions of the British government.
He was twice married: first to Agatha, daughter of James Halyburton of Pitcur, Forfarshire, by whom he was the father of three sons, two of whom died young, while the second, Sholto Charles Douglas, 15th Earl of Morton, succeeded him; and secondly to Bridget, daughter of Sir John Heathcote, bart., of Normanton, who bore him a son and daughter, and who outlived him thirty-seven years.
Moreton Bay in Queensland, Australia was named after Lord Morton by Lieutenant James Cook (the spelling being an error in the published account of Cook's voyage in HMS Endeavour). Lord Morton had been influential in obtaining a grant of £4,000 to finance the voyage. Cook had been instructed by the earl to regard the native populations of the places he might visit as "human creatures, the work of the same omnipotent Author, equally under his care with the most polished European ... No European nation has the right to occupy any part of their country ... without their voluntary consent“.
The Earl of Kintore
| Grand Master of the
Grand Lodge of Scotland
The Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
| Grand Master of the
Premier Grand Lodge of England
The Lord Ward
Alexander Hume Campbell
| Lord Clerk Register
Lord Frederick Campbell
|Peerage of Scotland|
Earl of Morton
Events from the year 1768 in Scotland.Albertha Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
Albertha Frances Anne Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, VA (29 July 1847 – 7 January 1932) was an English aristocrat.Charles Gordon, 4th Earl of Aboyne
Charles Gordon, 4th Earl of Aboyne (c. 1726 – 28 December 1794). The eldest son of John Gordon, 3rd Earl of Aboyne and Grace Lockhart, he succeeded his father as 4th Earl of Aboyne on 7 April 1732. On his death in 1794 he was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son.Dalmahoy
Dalmahoy (from the Scottish Gaelic: Dail MoThua) is a hotel and former country house near Edinburgh, Scotland. It is located off the A71 road, 3.5 kilometres (2.2 mi) south of Ratho. The house is protected as a category A listed building,Edward Lascelles, 1st Earl of Harewood
Edward Lascelles, 1st Earl of Harewood (7 January 1740 – 3 April 1820) was a British peer and Member of Parliament.He was the son of Edward Lascelles, a customs officer in Barbados. On the death of his cousin, the childless Edwin Lascelles, 1st Baron Harewood, Edward inherited the Lascelles family fortune made in the West Indies through customs positions and slave trade.
He sat as Whig Member of Parliament for Northallerton from 1761 to 1774 and from 1790 to 1796. The latter year he was raised to the peerage as Baron Harewood, of Harewood in the County of York. In 1812 he was further honoured when he was made Viscount Lascelles and Earl of Harewood, in the County of York.
Edward Lascelles married Anne Chaloner (c. 1742 – 22 February 1805) on 12 May 1761. They had four children:
Lady Mary Anne Lascelles (d. 1831), married Richard York.
Edward Lascelles, Viscount Lascelles (c. 1767–1814), died unmarried.
Henry Lascelles, 2nd Earl of Harewood (1767–1841)
Lady Frances Lascelles (c. 1777–1817), married Hon. John Douglas (1756–1818), son of James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton and had issue.George Douglas, 17th Earl of Morton
George Sholto Douglas, 17th Earl of Morton (23 December 1789 – 31 March 1858), known as George Douglas until 1827, was a Scottish Tory politician.
Douglas was the son of the Hon. John Douglas, second son of James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton. His mother was Lady Frances, daughter of Edward Lascelles, 1st Earl of Harewood. He succeeded his cousin in the earldom in 1827 and was elected a Scottish Representative Peer in 1828. He served as a Lord-in-waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) from 1841 to 1846 in the second Tory administration of Sir Robert Peel and in 1852 in the first Conservative administration of the Earl of Derby.
Lord Morton married Frances Theodora, daughter of Sir George Henry Rose, in 1817. Their second son the Hon. George Henry Douglas became an Admiral in the Royal Navy. Lord Morton died in March 1858, aged 68, and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son Sholto. Lady Morton died in 1879.James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn
James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn, KG, KP, PC (21 January 1811 – 31 October 1885), styled Viscount Hamilton from 1814 to 1818 and known as the The Marquess of Abercorn from 1818 to 1868, was a British Conservative statesman who twice served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.James Hamilton, Viscount Hamilton
James Hamilton, Viscount Hamilton (7 October 1786 – 27 May 1814) was a British nobleman and politician.James Morton
James Morton may refer to:
Sir James Morton FRSE (1867–1943) Scottish chemist, creator of light-fast dyes
James Morton (Canadian businessman) (1808–1864), Irish-born brewer, manufacturer and politician
James Madison Morton, Jr. (1869–1940), American federal judge
James C. Morton (1884–1942), American actor
James Ferdinand Morton, Jr. (1870–1941), free-thinker, mineralogist, Bahá'í, and friend of H.P. Lovecraft
James Morton (footballer) (1885–1926), Scottish footballer
James St. Clair Morton (1824–1864), Union Army general during the American Civil War
James Cooper Morton (born 1960), Canadian lawyer and author
James Parks Morton (born 1930), retired Episcopal priest and founder of the Interfaith Center of New York
James Morton (baker) (born 1991), Scottish celebrity baker
James Morton (oncologist), Australian oncologist and philanthropist
Jim Morton (politician) (born 1951), Canadian politician
Jim Morton (Australian footballer) (born 1905), Australian rules footballer
Jim Morton (footballer) (born 1956), Scottish footballer
Jimmy Morton (1894–1916), Scottish footballerJeremiah Davison
Jeremiah Davison (1695?–1750?) was an Anglo-Scottish portrait-painter.List of Grand Master Masons of the Grand Lodge of Scotland
This is a list of Grand Master Masons of the Grand Lodge of Scotland:
1736–1737: William St Clair of Roslin
1737–1738: George Mackenzie, 3rd Earl of Cromartie
1738–1739: John Keith, 3rd Earl of Kintore (G.M. of England; 1740)
1739–1740: James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton (G.M. of England; 1741)
1740–1741: Thomas Lyon, 8th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (G.M. of England; 1744)
1741–1742: Alexander Melville, 5th Earl of Leven
1742–1743: William Boyd, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock
1743–1744: James Wemyss, 5th Earl of Wemyss
1744–1745: James Stuart, 8th Earl of Moray
1745–1746: Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan
1746–1747: William Nisbet
1747–1748: Francis Wemyss-Charteris (de jure 7th Earl of Wemyss)
1748–1749: Hugh Seton
1749–1750: Thomas Erskine, Lord Erskine (Jacobite Earl of Mar)
1750–1751: Alexander Montgomerie, 10th Earl of Eglinton
1751–1752: James Hay, Lord Boyd (afterwards 15th Earl of Erroll)
1752–1753: George Drummond (Lord Provost of Edinburgh)
1753–1754: Charles Hamilton Gordon
1754–1755: James Forbes, Master of Forbes (afterwards 16th Lord Forbes)
1755–1757: Sholto Douglas, Lord Aberdour (afterwards 15th Earl of Morton) (G.M. of England; 1757–61)
1757–1759: Alexander Stewart, 6th Earl of Galloway
1759–1761: David Melville, 6th Earl of Leven
1761–1763: Charles Bruce, 5th Earl of Elgin
1763–1765: Thomas Erskine, 6th Earl of Kellie (G.M. of England-Ancients: 1760-66)
1765–1767: James Stewart (Lord Provost of Edinburgh) 1765-67
1767–1769: George Ramsay, 8th Earl of Dalhousie
1769–1771: James Adolphus Oughton
1771–1773: Patrick McDouall, 6th Earl of Dumfries
1773–1774: John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl (G.M. of England-Ancients 1771-74)
1774–1776: David Dalrymple (afterwards Lord Hailes)
1776–1778: Sir William Forbes, 6th Baronet
1778–1780: John Murray, 4th Duke of Atholl (G.M. of England-Ancients; 1775–81; 1791-1813)
1780–1782: Alexander Lindsay, 23rd Earl of Crawford
1782–1784: David Erskine, 11th Earl of Buchan
1784–1786: George Gordon, Lord Haddo
1786–1788: Francis Wemyss-Charteris, Lord Elcho
1788–1790: Francis Napier, 8th Lord Napier
1790–1792: George Douglas, 16th Earl of Morton
1792–1794: George Gordon, Marquess of Huntly (afterwards 5th Duke of Gordon)
1794–1796: William Kerr, Earl of Ancram (afterwards 6th Marquess of Lothian)
1796–1798: Francis Stuart, Lord Doune (afterwards 10th Earl of Moray)
1798–1800: Sir James Stirling, 1st Bt. (Lord Provost of Edinburgh)
1800–1802: Charles Montagu-Scott, Earl of Dalkeith (afterwards 4th Duke of Buccleuch)
1802–1804: George Gordon, 5th Earl of Aboyne (afterwards 9th Marquess of Huntly)
1804–1806: George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie
1806–1820: The Prince of Wales (afterwards King George IV).
1806–1808: Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 2nd Earl of Moira (afterwards 1st Marquess of Hastings)
1808–1810: The Hon. William Maule (afterwards 1st Baron Panmure)
1810–1812: James St Clair-Erskine, 2nd Earl of Rosslyn
1812–1814: Robert Haldane-Duncan, Viscount Duncan (afterwards 1st Earl of Camperdown)
1814–1816: James Duff, 4th Earl Fife
1816–1818: Sir John Marjoribanks, Bt.
1818–1820: George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale
1820–1822: Alexander Hamilton, 10th Duke of Hamilton
1822–1824: George Campbell, 6th Duke of Argyll
1824–1826: John Campbell, Viscount Glenorchy (afterwards 2nd Marquess of Breadalbane)
1826–1827: Thomas Hay-Drummond, 11th Earl of Kinnoull
1827–1830: Francis Wemyss-Charteris, Lord Elcho (afterwards 9th Earl of Wemyss)
1830–1832: George Kinnaird, 9th Lord Kinnaird
1832–1833: Henry Erskine, 12th Earl of Buchan
1833–1835: William Hamilton, Marquess of Douglas (afterwards 11th Duke of Hamilton)
1835–1836: Alexander Murray, Viscount Fincastle (afterwards 6th Earl of Dunmore)
1836–1838: James Broun-Ramsay, Lord Ramsay (afterwards 1st Marquis of Dalhousie)
1838–1840: Sir James Forrest, 1st Baronet (Lord Provost of Edinburgh)
1840–1841: George Leslie, 15th Earl of Rothes
1841–1843: Lord Frederick FitzClarence
1843–1864: George Murray, Lord Glenlyon (afterwards 6th Duke of Atholl)
1864–1867: John Whyte-Melville
1867–1870: Fox Maule Ramsay, 11th Earl of Dalhousie
1870–1873: Robert St Clair-Erskine, 4th Earl of Rosslyn
1873–1882: Sir Michael Shaw-Stewart, 7th Baronet
1882–1885: Walter Erskine, 11th Earl of Mar
1885–1892: Archibald Campbell (afterwards 1st Baron Blythswood)
1892–1893: George Baillie-Hamilton, 11th Earl of Haddington
1893–1897: Sir Charles Dalrymple of Newhailes, 1st Bt.
1897–1900: Alexander Fraser, 19th Lord Saltoun
1900–1904: Hon. James Hozier (afterwards 2nd Baron Newlands)
1904–1907: Hon. Charles Maule Ramsay
1907–1909: Thomas Gibson-Carmichael (afterwards 1st Baron Carmichael) (Grand Master of Victoria, Australia, 1909–12)
1909–1913: John Stewart-Murray, Marquess of Tullibardine (afterwards 8th Duke of Atholl)
1913–1916: Robert King Stewart of Murdostoun
1916–1920: Sir Robert Gilmour, 1st Baronet
1920–1921: Archibald Montgomerie, 16th Earl of Eglinton
1921–1924: Edward Bruce, 10th Earl of Elgin
1924–1926: John Dalrymple, 12th Earl of Stair
1926–1929: Archibald Douglas, 4th Baron Blythswood
1929–1931: Alexander Archibald Hagart-Speirs
1931–1933: Robert Hamilton, 11th Lord Belhaven and Stenton
1933–1935: Alexander Fraser, 20th Lord Saltoun
1935–1936: Sir Iain Colquhoun of Luss, 7th Bt.
1936–1937: The Duke of York (afterwards King George VI)
1937–1939: Sir Norman Orr-Ewing, 4th Bt.
1939–1942: Robert Balfour, Viscount Traprain (afterwards 3rd Earl of Balfour)
1942–1945: John Christie Stewart
1945–1949: Randolph Stewart, 12th Earl of Galloway
1949–1953: Malcolm Barclay-Harvey (G.M of South Australia, 1941–44)
1953–1957: Alexander Macdonald, 7th Baron Macdonald of Slate
1957–1961: Archibald Montgomerie, 17th Earl of Eglinton
1961–1965: Andrew Bruce, Lord Bruce (afterwards 11th Earl of Elgin)
1965–1969: Sir Ronald Orr-Ewing, 5th Bt.
1969–1974: David Liddell-Grainger
1974–1979: Robert Wolrige Gordon
1979–1983: James Wilson McKay
1983–1985: J. M. Marcus Humphrey
1985–1993: Sir Gregor MacGregor, 6th Baronet
1993–1999: Michael Baillie, 3rd Baron Burton
1999–2004: Sir Archibald Orr-Ewing, 6th Bt.
2004–2005: The Very Rev. Canon Joseph Morrow
2005–2008: Sir Archibald Donald Orr-Ewing, 6th Bt.
2008–2018: Charles Iain Robert Wolrige-Gordon, 22nd of Hallhead and 11th of Esslemont
2018- : William Ramsay McGheeList of Vice-Admirals of Orkney and Shetland
This is a list of the Vice-Admirals of Orkney and Shetland.
The Vice-Admiral of the Orkney and Shetland was originally a heritable post, in the hands of the Earls of Morton, which conferred the power of judicature over the maritime affairs of the islands. In 1747 the Earl gave up his heritable rights to the crown in return for a cash payment. The post then became a commission granted by the Crown to a nobleman of the country.Marquess of Zetland
Marquess of Zetland is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 22 August 1892 for the former Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lawrence Dundas, 3rd Earl of Zetland. Zetland is an archaic spelling of Shetland. The Dundas family descends from the wealthy Scottish businessman and Member of Parliament, Lawrence Dundas. In 1762 he was created a Baronet, of Kerse in the County of Linlithgow, in the Baronetage of Great Britain. The title was created with remainder, failing heirs male of his own, to his brother Thomas Dundas and the heirs male of his body. He was succeeded by his son, the second Baronet. He represented Richmond and Stirling in the House of Commons and also served as Lord Lieutenant of Orkney and Shetland. In 1794 he was created Baron Dundas, of Aske in the North Riding of the County of York, in the Peerage of Great Britain. Lord Dundas notably purchased the right to the earldom of Orkney and lordship of Zetland from James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton.
His son, the second Baron, was a Member of Parliament for Richmond and also served as Lord Lieutenant of Orkney and Shetland. In 1838 he was created Earl of Zetland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the second Earl. He also represented Richmond and York in Parliament and served as Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire. On his death the titles passed to his nephew, the third Earl. At first a Liberal, he held minor office in the second administration of William Ewart Gladstone but later joined the Conservative Party and served from 1889 to 1892 as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. The latter year he was honoured when he was made Earl of Ronaldshay, in the County of Orkney and Zetland, and Marquess of Zetland. The Earl of Ronaldshay is the courtesy title of the eldest son and heir of the Marquess. He was succeeded by his son, the second Marquess. He was also a prominent politician and served as Governor of Bengal and as Secretary of State for India. As of 2016 the titles are held by his grandson, the fourth Marquess, who succeeded his father in 1989.
The family seat is Aske Hall, Richmond, North Yorkshire.Robert Baikie
Robert Baikie (died 1817) was a Scottish politician from Tankerness and Egilshay in Orkney.
Baikie was the oldest son of James Baikie of Tankerness and his wife Janet, a daughter of William Douglas, and heiress of the Monteiths of Egilshay. His father was provost of Kirkwall during the Jacobite rising of 1745, and was paid a pension by the Earls of Morton for his support of their electoral interests.However, in 1766 James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton sold all his interests in Orkney to Sir Lawrence Dundas. At the 1768 general electionSir Lawrence installed as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Orkney and Shetland his older brother Thomas Dundas, who was returned unopposed. Thomas stood down in 1770, and the following year Thomas's son Captain Thomas Dundas was elected unopposed. He was returned unopposed at the 1774 general election.However, Sir Lawrence had alienated both the lairds and merchants of Orkney. When he opposed Lord North's government, the Orkney opposition received £300 from secret service funds to support a government candidate. Baikie was chosen to stand, and at the 1780 general election, Baikie was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Orkney and Shetland by 11 votes to the 5 won Sir Lawrence's nephew Charles Dundas. However, Baikie's election had been achieved only by excluding seven supporters of Dundas,
and after an election petition the seat was awarded to Dundas on 28 February 1781.
Baikie stood again at the 1784, but was defeated by 12 votes to 7 by the returned Colonel Thomas Dundas.Sholto Douglas, 15th Earl of Morton
Sholto Charles Douglas, 15th Earl of Morton (c. 1732–25 September 1774) was the son of James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton.
He was Colonel of a regiment of light dragoons, the 17th Regiment of Light Dragoons, raised in Scotland in 1759 and disbanded in 1763.In February 1754 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society On 19 November 1758, he married Katherine Hamilton and they had two sons:
George Douglas, 16th Earl of Morton (1761–1827)
Lt. Hon. Hamilton Douglas Halyburton (10 October 1763 – 31 December 1783), who died of exposure while commanding the barge of HMS Assistance. His party was caught in a snowstorm while looking for deserters and wrecked on Sandy Hook.Sir John Heathcote, 2nd Baronet
Sir John Heathcote, 2nd Baronet (1689 – 6 September 1759) of Normanton Park, Rutland was a British merchant and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1715 and 1741.
Heathcote was the eldest surviving son of Sir Gilbert Heathcote, 1st Baronet, Lord Mayor of London, and his wife Hester Rayner, daughter of Christopher Rayner. He married Bridget White, daughter of Thomas White, on 5 August 1720.Heathcote was elected as a Whig Member of Parliament for Grantham in a contest at the 1715 British general election. He did not stand in 1722. He was a Director of the East India Company from 1716 to 1724 and a Director of the Bank of England at statutory intervals between 1725 and 1735. From 1728 to 1731, he served again as a Director of the East India Company. He succeeded to the baronetcy and Normanton Park on the death of his father on 25 January 1733.Heathcote was returned unopposed as MP for Bodmin at a by-election on 9 February 1733 and subsequently at the 1734 British general election. He voted with the Administration in every recorded division, except for the place bill in 1740. Between 1735 and 1740, he rebuilt Normanton Hall to the design of Henry Joynes. He was defeated at the 1741 British general election and then lived the life of a country gentleman, spending seven months of the year at Normanton. An attempt to obtain a parliamentary seat at Rutland in 1754 came to nothing. He was a trustee of the British Museum and president of the Foundling Hospital.Heathcote died on 5 September 1759, aged 70 and was succeeded by his eldest son Gilbert Heathcote. His wife Bridget died on 5 May 1772. They had two sons and four daughters, of whom were:
Gilbert Heathcote, 3rd Baronet (d. 2 November 1785), married firstly Margaret Hardwicke (d. 10 August 1796), married secondly Elizabeth Hudson (d. 14 July 1813).
John Heathcote (d. 29 July 1795) married Lydia Moyer (d. 14 August 1822), they had two children.
Bridget Heathcote (d. 2 March 1805) married James Douglas 14th Earl of Morton.
Ann Heathcote married Sir Robert Hamilton 4th BaronetWilliam Henry Bouverie
Hon. William Henry Bouverie (1752–1806) was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons for 26 years from 1776 to 1802.
Bouverie was the second son of William Bouverie, 1st Earl of Radnor and his second wife Rebecca Alleyne, daughter of John Alleyne, and was born on 30 October 1752. He was educated at Harrow School about 1765 and matriculated at University College, Oxford on 19 March 1771. He was awarded BA in 1773 and MA in 1776. He married Lady Bridget Douglas, daughter of James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton on 16 August 1777
In January 1776, Bouverie’s father died and his step-brother was raised to the peerage, leaving a vacancy at Salisbury. Bouverie was returned without a contest as Member of Parliament for Salisbury on the family interest in the ensuing by-election on 19 February 1776. He was re-elected unopposed in 1780. The English Chronicle wrote of him in 1781 “He is a very constant attendant on his parliamentary duties, and as constantly divides with the Opposition. He has never attempted to display his abilities as an orator in the House ... He possesses an estate of near two thousand pounds per annum, and with this fortune supports the consequence of his rank with great liberality and great respect.” He was a member of the St. Alban's Tavern group which tried to bring together Fox and Pitt. He was re-elected unopposed in 1784. His first recorded speech was on 22 July 1784, eight years after he entered Parliament. He then spoke several times during the Regency crisis, but few other speeches are reported by him.
A distant cousin Elizabeth Bouverie devised the manor and mansion-house at Betchworth to him in the 1780s.. He was returned unopposed at Salisbury again in 1790 and in 1796. In 1797 he was a major in the Wiltshire supplementary militia. His health was deteriorating and he retired from Parliament at the 1802 general election in favour of his nephew Viscount Folkestone. He received thanks at Salisbury for his “upright and judicious conduct” during 26 years in the House. Bouverie was major commandant of the Betchworth Volunteers in 1803 and 1804. He died on 23 August 1806. His obituary in the Gentleman’s Magazine (1806, p. 877) paid tribute to the “polished elegance of his manners”, mentioned his interest in literature and medicine, and added that “there were few subjects on which he was not intimately well informed”. As well as lands in Betchworth and London, he left shares in the Drury Lane theatre and Covent Garden theatre. His son Charles Henry Bouverie was also a Member of Parliament. His daughter Rebecca married William à Court, 1st Baron Heytesbury