James Burrow

Sir James Burrow PRS FSA (28 November 1701 – 5 November 1782 at Starborough Castle, Lingfield, Surrey), was a Legal Reporter at Inner Temple, London, and was Vice President and twice briefly President of the Royal Society. He was knighted in 1773.

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society on 7 April 1737, as “A Gentleman well versed in Natural and Mathematical knowledge”. He served as a member of the Royal Society Council from 1752 until 1782, initially as a Vice President from 1752, and then as a Council member. He twice served briefly as a President of the Royal Society, from October to November 1768 following the death of The Earl of Morton, and July to November 1772, following the death of James West.

As Vice President, he was involved in the Society's activities in organising the observation of the 1761 Transit of Venus, signing the Articles of Agreement between the Council of the Royal Society and Mr Charles Mason and Mr Jeremiah Dixon for their expedition to Bencoolen in the Island of Sumatra.

As a legal reporter, he wrote and published reports of the decisions of significant cases of English legal system. At the time, four reporters were formally appointed by the King 'to commit to writing, and truly to deliver, as well the words spoken, as the judgments and reasons thereupon given,' in the courts of Westminster. quoted in [1] His work is still cited in law courses.

Sir James Burrow
Sir James Burrow by James Basire

Publications

  • James Burrow, 1732, The Decisions of King's Bench upon Settlement Cases from the Death of Lord Raymond. London.
  • James Burrow. 1757. Serious Reflections on the Present State of Domestic and Foreign Affairs ... together with some critical remarks on lotteries, etc. London.
  • James Burrow. 1763. A few Anecdotes and Observations relating to Oliver Cromwell and his family; serving to rectify several errors concerning him, published by N. C. Padopoli in his Historia Gymnasii Patavini. London.
  • Sir James Burrow. 1771. De usu et ratione interpungendi: an essay on the use of pointing, and the facility of practising it. J. Worrall & B. Tovey: London.
  • Sir James Burrow. 1772. Reports of Cases Argued and Adjudged in the Court of King's Bench: During the Time Lord Mansfield Presided in That Court; from Michaelmas Term, 30 Geo. II. 1756, to Easter Term, 12 Geo. III. London.

References

  • Record of Election Certificate, reference EC/1737/02, from the Royal Society Archive Catalogue, accessed via [2] 17 December 2005
  • Record of James Burrow in the Royal Society Fellows Catalogue. accessed via [3] 17 December 2005
  • British Library record for author James Burrow, retrieved 17 December 2005

External links

1701

1701 (MDCCI)

was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1701st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 701st year of the 2nd millennium, the 1st year of the 18th century, and the 2nd year of the 1700s decade. As of the start of 1701, the Gregorian calendar was

11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Tuesday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

1782

1782 (MDCCLXXXII)

was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1782nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 782nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 82nd year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1780s decade. As of the start of 1782, the Gregorian calendar was

11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Alexander Dalrymple

Alexander Dalrymple FRS (24 July 1737 – 19 June 1808) was a Scottish geographer and the first Hydrographer of the British Admiralty. He was the main proponent of the theory that there existed a vast undiscovered continent in the South Pacific, Terra Australis Incognita. He produced thousands of nautical charts, mapping a remarkable number of seas and oceans for the first time, and contributing significantly to the safety of shipping. His theories prompted a number of expeditions in search of this mythical land, until James Cook's second journey (1772–1775) led to the conclusion that, if it did exist, it was further south than the 65° line of latitude South.

Burrow (surname)

Burrow is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Andrew Burrow (born 1963), South African tennis player

Bob Burrow (1934–2019), American basketball player

Curtis Burrow, American football player

Edward Burrow (priest) (1785–1861), English divine

James Burrow (1701–1782), English legal reporter

Jim Burrow (born 1953), American football player

Joe Burrow, American football player

Jordan Burrow (born 1992), English footballer

J. W. Burrow (1935–2009), English historian

Ken Burrow (born 1948), American football player

Milton Burrow (born 1921), American sound editor

Reuben Burrow (1747–1792), English mathematician, surveyor and Orientalist

Rob Burrow (born 1982), English rugby league player

Rube Burrow (1855–1890), American outlaw

Sharan Burrow (born 1954), Australian trade unionist

Stephen Burrow (born 1958), English cricketer

Taj Burrow (born 1978), Australian surfer

Thomas Burrow (1909–1986), English Indologist and professor of Sanskrit at Oxford

Trigant Burrow (1875–1950), American psychoanalyst, psychiatrist and psychologist

Donaldson v Becket

Donaldson v Becket (1774) 2 Brown's Parl. Cases (2d ed.) 129, 1 Eng. Rep. 837; 4 Burr. 2408, 98 Eng. Rep. 257; 17 Cobbett's Parl. Hist. 953 is the ruling by the United Kingdom House of Lords that held that copyright in published works was not perpetual and was instead subject to statutory limits. Some scholars disagree on the reasoning behind the decision.

Henry Edward Landor Thuillier

Sir Henry Edward Landor Thuillier (10 July 1813 – 6 May 1906) was Surveyor General of India. Under his direction, 796,928 square miles of India were surveyed, including difficult mountainous, forest, and desert regions, often for the first time. He was responsible for the printing in 1854 of the first postage stamps valid throughout India. Thuillier was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1869, made a CSI in May 1870, and knighted in June 1879.

Joseph N. McCormack

Joseph Nathaniel McCormack (November 9, 1847 – May 4, 1922) was an American surgeon, a leader in several national medical organizations and a member of the Kentucky General Assembly. He served as executive officer of the Kentucky State Board of Health for thirty years and he led the reorganization of the American Medical Association (AMA) during its formative years of 1900 to 1911. James Burrow, historian of the AMA, has written that McCormack was "the most influential political leader of the profession in the Progressive Era, or perhaps in the AMA's entire history." McCormack served for six years as president of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials and for two years as president of the Federation of State Medical Boards. In 1907 the American Association for the Advancement of Science included him in its list of the 100 most influential leaders in the fields of medicine, public health, science and social reform.

List of English writers (A-C)

List of English writers lists writers in English, born or raised in England (or who lived in England for a lengthy period), who already have Wikipedia pages. References for the information here appear on the linked Wikipedia pages. The list is incomplete – please help to expand it by adding Wikipedia page-owning writers who have written extensively in any genre or field, including science and scholarship. Please follow the entry format. A seminal work added to a writer's entry should also have a Wikipedia page. This is a subsidiary to the List of English people. There are or should be similar lists of Irish, Scots, Welsh, Manx, Jersey, and Guernsey writers.

Abbreviations: AV = Authorized King James Version of the Bible, also as = also wrote/writes as, c. = circa; century, cc. = centuries; cleric = Anglican priest, fl. = floruit, RC = Roman Catholic, SF = science fiction, YA = young adult fiction

List of Fellows of the Royal Society A, B, C

About 8,000 Fellows have been elected to the Royal Society of London since its inception in 1660. Below is an incomplete list of people who are or were Fellows or Foreign Members of the Royal Society. The date of election to the Fellowship follows the name. Dates in brackets relate to an award or event associated with the person. The Society maintains complete online lists of current Fellows and of past and current Fellows. This list is complete up to and including 2018.

List of presidents of the Royal Society

The President of the Royal Society (PRS) is the elected Head of the Royal Society of London who presides over meetings of the society's council.

After informal meetings at Gresham College, the Royal Society was officially founded on 28 November 1660 when a group of academics decided to found "a Colledge for the Promoting of Physico-Mathematicall Experimentall Learning", acquiring a Royal Charter on 15 July 1662. The Royal Charter nominated William Brouncker as president, and stipulated that future presidents should be elected by the Council and Fellows of the society at anniversary meetings each year on St. Andrew's Day (30 November).

The details of the presidency were described by the second Royal Charter, which did not set any limit on how long a president could serve. There were considerable fluctuations in the president's term of office until well into the 19th century. By then, sentiment had turned against electing wealthy amateurs solely because they might become patrons of the society, and in 1847 the society decided that Fellows would be elected solely on scientific merit. Since the 1870s it has been usual (with a few exceptions) for each President to serve for exactly five years. Under the current statutes, a president cannot serve for more than five years. The current President is Venkatraman Ramakrishnan who began his 5-year tenure in 2015.Historically, the duties of the president have been both formal and social. Under the Cruelty to Animals Act 1876, the President was one of only a few people authorised to certify that a particular experiment on an animal was justified, and in addition he acted as the government's chief (albeit informal) advisor for scientific matters. At the same time, the President was tasked with entertaining distinguished foreign guests and scientists.The changeover of presidents occurs on the Royal Society Anniversary Day, the weekday on or nearest to 30 November, after the departing President's Anniversary Address.

Mary Reibey

Mary Reibey née Haydock (12 May 1777 – 30 May 1855) was an Australian merchant, shipowner and trader. Originally a convict deported to Australia, she was viewed by her contemporaries as a role model of success and became legendary as a successful businesswoman in the colony.

Niccolò Comneno Papadopoli

Niccolò Comneno Papadopoli (Greek: Νικόλαος Κομνηνός Παπαδόπουλος, Nikólaos Komninós Papadópoulos; 6 January 1655 on Crete – 20 January 1740 in Padua) was an Italian lawyer and historian of Greek origin.

Nominate reports

Nominate reports, also known as nominative reports, named reports and private reports, is a legal term from common-law jurisdictions referring to the various published collections of reports of English cases in various courts from the Middle Ages to the 1860s, when law reporting was officially taken over by the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting, for example Edmund F. Moore's Reports of Cases Heard and Determined by the Judicial Committee and the Lords of His Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council on Appeal from the Supreme and Sudder Dewanny Courts in the East Indies published in London from 1837 to 1873, referred to as Moore's Indian Appeals and cited for example as: Moofti Mohummud Ubdoollah v. Baboo Mootechund 1 M.I.A. 383.

Most (but not all) are reprinted in the English Reports.They are described as "nominate" in order to distinguish them from the Year Books, which are anonymous.

Starborough Castle

Starborough Castle, known historically as Sterborough Castle, is a Neo-Gothic garden house of dressed sandstone near the eastern boundary of Surrey, built in 1754 by Sir James Burrow. It occupies the north-eastern portion of an artificial island south of the River Eden, roughly 3 km (2 mi) to the south-west of Edenbridge. It is a Grade II* listed building and scheduled monument, and was built on the site of the first castle, a medieval fortified house built c. 1341.

Thomas Barnardiston (legal writer)

Thomas Barnardiston (died 1752) was an English barrister and legal reporter, famed for the inaccuracy of his law reports.

Thomas Bayes

Thomas Bayes (; c. 1701 – 7 April 1761) was an English statistician, philosopher and Presbyterian minister who is known for formulating a specific case of the theorem that bears his name: Bayes' theorem. Bayes never published what would become his most famous accomplishment; his notes were edited and published after his death by Richard Price.

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