James Albert Gary

James Albert Gary (October 22, 1833 – October 31, 1920) was a U.S. political figure. Gary ran as the Republican candidate for Maryland Governor in 1879, losing to William Thomas Hamilton.[1] He served as the Postmaster General between 1897 and 1898. He married Lavinia Washington in 1856. They had ten children with only eight surviving to adulthood.[2] He spent much of his working life in textile manufacture in the Baltimore, Maryland, region, and was involved with cotton mills along the Patapsco and Patuxent Rivers, including Ely, Guilford, and Laurel, Maryland.

Mrs James Albert Gary
Mrs James Albert Gary

Gary was a prominent member of Baltimore's prestigious Brown Memorial Presbyterian Church and led the movement to establish Babcock Memorial Church there in memory of Brown Memorial's minister, Maltbie Babcock.[3] He also contributed to the construction of a church in Daniels, MD, which was later named in his honor: Gary Memorial United Methodist Church.[4]

Gary had a home in the Mount Vernon section of Baltimore and a summer place in Catonsville.

James Gary
James Albert Gary
38th United States Postmaster General
In office
March 5, 1897 – April 21, 1898
PresidentWilliam McKinley
Preceded byWilliam Wilson
Succeeded byCharles Emory Smith
Personal details
James Albert Gary

October 22, 1833
Uncasville, Connecticut, U.S.
DiedOctober 31, 1920 (aged 87)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Lavinia Washington


  1. ^ "Maryland-Colored voters shot down and driven away from the polls". The New York Times. 5 November 1879.
  2. ^ "James Albert Gary Biography". Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans 1904.
  3. ^ "In memory of Dr. Babcock" (PDF). The New York Times. May 24, 1901. Retrieved December 6, 2008.
  4. ^ Gary Memorial United Methodist Church; "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links

James Albert Gary at Find a Grave

Party political offices
Preceded by
James Morrison Harris
Republican nominee for Governor of Maryland
Succeeded by
Hart Holton
Political offices
Preceded by
William Wilson
United States Postmaster General
Succeeded by
Charles Emory Smith
Alberton, Maryland

Alberton is an unincorporated community in Howard County, Maryland, United States. A postal office operated in the community from 3 February 1854 to 1 March 1943.It was the site of a large cotton mill along the Patapsco River founded by James S. Gary after moving from Connecticut in 1839. A store and seventy company buildings for workers were built on 820 acres around the factory. The mill used adult and child labor including Gary's son James Albert Gary. In 1866 and 1868 the mill was damaged by flooding which Gary survived by floating with his daughter on a log. In 1870, James Albert Gary inherited the mill and the town named after him "Alberton". In 1885 his son, E. Stanley Gary took over which operated 228 looms and 8-9 thousand spindles.In 1879, the stone Victorian Gary Memorial church was built and in 1893, St. Alban's chapel was built as an Episcopal church for the mill town. In 1938, the mill and town was sold to the C.R. Daniels company and renamed Daniels, Maryland.

Brown Memorial Presbyterian Church

Brown Memorial Park Avenue Presbyterian Church of Baltimore, Maryland, U.S., is a large, Gothic Revival-style church built in 1870 and located at Park and Lafayette Avenues in the city's Bolton Hill section. Named in memory of a 19th-century Baltimore financier, the ornate church is noted for its exquisite stained glass windows by renowned artist Louis Comfort Tiffany, soaring vaulted ceiling, and the prominent persons associated with its history. Maltbie Babcock, who was the church's pastor 1887–1900, wrote the familiar hymn, This is My Father's World. Storied virtuoso concert performer Virgil Fox was organist at Brown Memorial early in his career (1936–1946).Called "one of the most significant buildings in this city, a treasure of art and architecture" by Baltimore Magazine, the church underwent a $1.8 million restoration between 2001–2003. It is part of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) denomination.

Gary (surname)

Gary is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Arthur Gary (1914–2005), American radio and television announcer

Bruce Gary (1951–2006), American drummer

Calvin "Joonie" Gary (born 1981), American Soul/R&B Artist and Musician

Carlton Gary (1952–2018), American convicted serial killer

Charlos Gary (born 1968), American cartoonist and comic strip author

Cleveland Gary (born 1966), American football player

Dairese Gary (born 1988), American basketball player

Donald A. Gary (1901–1977). officer of the United States Navy who received the Medal of Honor

Elbert Henry Gary (1846–1927), American lawyer, county judge and corporate officer

Frank B. Gary (1860–1922), United States politician

Greg Gary (basketball), American college basketball coach

Greg Gary (Canadian football) (born 1958), former gridiron football linebacker and current coach

Guilian Gary (born 1980), American football player and coach

Henry Gary, English governor of Bombay, 1667-1668

James Albert Gary (1833–1920), U.S. politician

Jim Gary (1939–2006), American sculptor

John Gary (1932—1998), American singer

John G. Gary (born 1943), American politician

Joseph Gary (1821–1906), American judge in anarchist trial

Justin Gary, American Magic: The Gathering player

J. Vaughan Gary (1892-1973), U.S. politician

Keith Gary (born 1959), American football player

Linda Gary (1944–1995), American voice actor and voice-over artist

Lorraine Gary (born 1937), American actress

Marianne Gary-Schaffhauser (1903–1992), Austrian composer

Martin Witherspoon Gary (1831–1881), brigadier general in the Confederate States Army

Mike Gary (1900–1969), American athlete and coach

Nancy E. Gary (1937-2006), dean of a U.S. medical school

Olandis Gary (born 1975), American football player

Raymond D. Gary (1908-1993), American politician, Oklahoma

Romain Gary (1914–1980), French diplomat, novelist, film director and World War II aviator

Russell Gary (1959–2019), American football player

Sam Gary (1917–1986), American blues, spiritual and folk singer

Willie E. Gary (born 1947), American attorney

Willie Gary (American football) (born 1978), American football player

List of Maryland gubernatorial elections

The following is a list of elections for the position of Governor of Maryland since the American Civil War.

Winners are in bold and incumbents are denoted by asterisks.

Loudon Park Cemetery

Loudon Park Cemetery and Loudon Park Funeral Home, Inc. in Baltimore, Maryland, are locally owned and operated. Both the Cemetery and the Funeral Home became privately owned in 2014 when they were acquired from SCI (Service Corporation International.) Loudon Park Funeral Home, Inc. was built on the grounds of the historic cemetery by Stewart Enterprises in 1995. SCI (Service Corporation International) acquired Stewart Enterprises in 2013. The expanded cemetery was incorporated on January 27, 1853 on 100 acres of the site of the "Loudon" estate, previously owned by James Carey, a local merchant and politician. The entrance to the cemetery is located at 3620 Wilkens Avenue.

Maryland gubernatorial elections

The following is a list of elections for the position of Governor of Maryland since the American Civil War.

Winners are in bold and incumbents are denoted by asterisks.

Monroe Morton

Monroe Bowers Morton, nicknamed Pink Morton (July 31, 1856 – February 12, 1919) was a prominent building owner, publisher, building contractor, developer, and postmaster in late 19th-century Georgia. An African American, he lived most of his life in Athens, Georgia, where he published a newspaper and built the Morton Building. The building included the Morton Theatre on its upper floors, a vaudeville venue, and offices for African-American professionals including doctors and druggists (pharmacists) on its ground floor. Occupants included Dr. Ida Mae Johnson Hiram, the first Black woman to be licensed to practice medicine (dentistry) in the state, and Dr. William H. Harris, one of the founders of the Georgia State Medical Association of Colored Physicians, Dentists and Druggists.

Presidency of William McKinley

The presidency of William McKinley began on March 4, 1897, when William McKinley was inaugurated and ended with his death on September 14, 1901. He is best known for leading the nation to victory in the Spanish–American War, taking ownership of Hawaii, purchasing the Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico, restoring prosperity, and promoting pluralism among all groups. It includes the 1897 Dingley Tariff to protect manufacturers and factory workers from foreign competition, and the Gold Standard Act of 1900 that rejected free silver inflationary proposals. Rapid economic growth and a decline in labor conflict also marked the presidency.

The 25th United States president, McKinley took office following the 1896 presidential election, in which he defeated Democrat William Jennings Bryan. In the campaign, McKinley advocated "sound money", promised that high tariffs would restore prosperity, and denounced Bryan as a radical who promoted class warfare. He defeated Bryan again in the 1900 presidential election, in a campaign focused on imperialism in the Philippines, high tariffs, and free silver. McKinley's presidency marked the beginning of an era in American political history, called the "Fourth Party System" or "Progressive Era," which lasted from the mid–1890s to the early 1930s. On the national level, this period was generally dominated by the Republican Party.

In 1897–98, the most pressing issue was an insurrection in Cuba against repressive Spanish colonial rule which had been worsening for years. Americans sympathized with the rebels and demanded action to resolve the crisis. The administration tried to persuade Spain to liberalize its rule but when negotiations failed, both sides wanted war. American victory in the Spanish–American War was quick and decisive. During the war the United States took temporary possession of Cuba; it was promised independence but it remained under the control of the U.S. Army throughout McKinley's presidency. The status of the Philippines was heavily debated, and became an issue in the 1900 election, with Democrats opposed to American ownership. McKinley decided it needed American protection and it remained under U.S. control until the 1940s. As a result of the war, the United States also took permanent possession of Guam and Puerto Rico. Under Mckinley's leadership, the United States also annexed the independent Republic of Hawaii in 1898. Unlike the other new possessions, citizens of Hawaii became American citizens and Hawaii became a territory with an appointed governor. McKinley's foreign policy created an overseas empire and put the U.S. on the world's list of major powers.

In 1897 the economy rapidly recovered from the severe depression, called the Panic of 1893. McKinley's supporters in 1900 argued that the new high tariff and the commitment to the gold standard were responsible. Historians looking at his domestic and foreign policies typically rank McKinley as an "above average" president. Historian Lewis L. Gould argues that McKinley was "the first modern president":

He was a political leader who confirmed the Republicans as the nation's majority party; he was the architect of important departures in foreign policy; and he was a significant contributor to the evolution of the modern presidency. On these achievements rest his substantial claims as an important figure in history of the United States.

Summit (Catonsville, Maryland)

Summit is a historic home located in Catonsville, Baltimore County, Maryland. It a large brick house, once part of a country estate owned by James Albert Gary. It features a three-story Italianate tower and large wing extending to the rear. The main façade is three stories and five bays wide, with the tower located on the east side. A one-story porch with square columns and railings runs across the full façade. The mansion was built originally as a summer home and later converted to apartments after its sale to the Summit Park Company in 1919.It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.

William Thomas Hamilton

William Thomas Hamilton (September 8, 1820 – October 26, 1888), a member of the United States Democratic Party, was the 38th Governor of Maryland in the United States from 1880 to 1884. He also served in the United States Senate, representing the State of Maryland, from 1868–1874, and in the House of Representatives, representing the second district (1849–1853) and fourth district (1853–1855) of Maryland.

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