Jalgaon ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a city in western India, located in northern Maharashtra. It is the administrative headquarters of the Jalgaon district. Jalgaon has a municipal corporation, and had 460,228 residents at the time of the 2011 census. Jalgaon can be reached by National Highway 6, by Railway, or by commercial flights via Mumbai. Known as the "Banana City", it contributes about half of Maharashtra's banana production.
|• Total||95 km2 (37 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,800/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||MH 19|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In the 2011 Indian census, Jalgaon had a population of 460,468. According to the 2001 census, males constituted 52 percent of the population and females 48 percent. Jalgaon has an average literacy rate of 76 percent, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent. Male literacy is 80 percent, and female literacy 71 percent. Thirteen percent of the population is under six years of age.
The Jalgaon district produces more than 16% of Indian's bananas which adds up to 3% of the world's banana production. According to the Maharashtra Stats Banana Producers Co-operative Federation, 66% of total cultivation in the state happens in the Jalgaon district.
The Jalgaon Junction railway station is on the Howrah–Mumbai line. The Bhusaval Junction railway station is 25 kilometers from Jalgaon. It is a major Maharashtra rail junction and connects with New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai.
North Maharashtra University was established in the city of Jalgaon on 15 August 1989. Government Polytechnic Jalgaon was established in 1960. Government College of Engineering, Jalgaon was established in 1996. The district is also home to schools and colleges of the Khandesh Education Society and Maratha Vidya Prasarak Mandal and President College of Hotel Management. In March 2018, Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis announced in the Legislative Assembly that Jalgaon-based North Maharashtra University would be named after noted 19th century Poetess Bahinabai Chaudhari from Jalgaon area.