Jake Daubert

Jacob Ellsworth Daubert (April 7, 1884 – October 9, 1924) was an American first baseman in Major League Baseball who played for the Brooklyn Superbas[1] and Cincinnati Reds. His career lasted from 1910 until his death in 1924.

Daubert was recognized throughout his career for his performance on the field. He won the 1913 and 1914 National League batting titles and the 1913 Chalmers Award. Between 1911 and 1919, The Baseball Magazine named him to their All-American team seven times.[2] Baseball historian William C. Kashatus observed that Daubert was "a steady .300 hitter for 10 years of the Deadball Era" who "never fielded below the .989 mark."[3]

Jake Daubert
Jake Daubert
First baseman
Born: April 7, 1884
Shamokin, Pennsylvania
Died: October 9, 1924 (aged 40)
Cincinnati, Ohio
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
April 14, 1910, for the Brooklyn Superbas
Last MLB appearance
September 20, 1924, for the Cincinnati Reds
MLB statistics
Batting average.303
Home runs56
Runs batted in722
Career highlights and awards

Early life

Daubert was born in Shamokin, Pennsylvania to Jacob and Sarah Daubert. The lack of child labor laws enabled Daubert to go to work early in his life. In 1895, at the age of eleven, the young Daubert joined his father and two brothers at work in the local coal mines.[4]

In 1906, Daubert left his job at the mines and signed a contract with a baseball team in Lykens, Pennsylvania.[5] He was originally a pitcher on the team before he converted to first base.[4] At the end of the 1906 season, Daubert left Pennsylvania and traveled west to Ohio. There, he spent the 1907 season on teams in Kane, Pennsylvania and Marion, Ohio.[5]

Baseball career

In 1908, Daubert was signed by the Cleveland Indians. However, Daubert never played for Cleveland as they released him shortly thereafter. He left Cleveland and signed with the Nashville club of the Southern Association. He spent the remainder of the season with Nashville.[4]

Daubert returned to Ohio for the start of the 1909 season. After playing the first part of the season with Toledo of the American Association, Daubert went back to Tennessee and joined the Memphis club. Like Nashville, Memphis' team played in the Southern Association. While playing for Memphis, Larry Sutton, a scout for the Brooklyn Dodgers, observed his play. Shortly thereafter, the Dodgers purchased Daubert's contract and brought him to Brooklyn for the 1910 season.[4]

While Daubert hit just .264 in 1910, he hit over .300 in each of the next six seasons. On May 6, 1910, Daubert recorded 21 putouts in a single game, one short of the major league record.[6]

In 1911 and 1912, Daubert placed ninth and eighth in the Chalmers Award voting.[7][8] The following year, he won the award. On August 15, 1914, Daubert tied Cy Seymour's MLB record with four sacrifice bunts in one game.[9] In 1916 he batted .316 and Brooklyn won their first NL pennant. His season ended in disappointment, however, after he hit only .176 in the 1916 World Series and Brooklyn lost the series to the Boston Red Sox.

Daubert hit .261 in 1917, but the following year he hit .308 and led the NL in triples. When the season was cut short due to World War I and the Spanish flu epidemic, major league owners prorated player salaries. Daubert, who had been among the founding members of the Players' Fraternity, sued for the balance of his salary. Eventually, Jake recovered most of the $2,150 he was due.[4] After the dispute started, Brooklyn owner Charles Ebbets traded him to Cincinnati for oufielder Tommy Griffith. Once in Cincinnati, Daubert served as the Reds' captain for the remainder of his career.[5]

In 1919, although he hit only .276, Daubert was second in the league in runs scored and third in triples. The Reds won their first pennant since the inaugural season of the American Association in 1882. In the 1919 World Series, noted for the Black Sox Scandal, he batted .241. In the 9-1 Game One victory, he had three hits, including a triple, and he had two hits and scored twice in the final 10-5 victory in the decisive Game Eight.

Daubert hit over .300 in the next three seasons. In 1922, Daubert hit for a .336 average, led the NL in triples and had a career-high 12 home runs. By 1923, at age 39, he was the oldest regular position player in the major leagues,[10] and he hit .292 that season.

Daubert also excelled in sacrifice hits. His career total of 392 sacrifice hits is second in MLB history, behind Hall of Famer Eddie Collins.[11]

In his career, he had 56 home runs, 1117 runs, 722 runs batted in, 250 doubles and 251 stolen bases. He recorded a .991 fielding percentage. When he left Brooklyn for Cincinnati, Daubert held the Brooklyn franchise record for games played at first base (1206). The record was broken by Gil Hodges in 1956.

Baseball unionization efforts

Daubert was a trailblazer in baseball's unionization movement, a controversial role that may have been a factor in his omission from the Hall of Fame.[12] In 1913, he served as vice president of the Baseball Players' Fraternity, which petitioned the National Baseball Commission for improved labor conditions.[12] The petition included the following requests: 1) permission for players to negotiate with any team following their unconditional release, 2) a guarantee that clubs would provide players with 10 days' notice before releasing them unconditionally, 3) a guarantee that clubs would inform players of the terms of their contract when they are sent to another team, 4) a guarantee that a veteran players would not be sent to the minor leagues when his services are of interest to another major league club, 5) a guarantee that clubs would furnish uniforms and shoes to players free of charge, 6) a guarantee that clubs would provide traveling expenses to players between their homes and spring training camps, and 7) that players should receive written notice concerning any fine or suspension levied against them.[12]

Although Daubert was unsuccessful in pressuring the commissioners to accept the terms of the fledgling baseball union's petition, he lobbied continuously for his own interests as a player, thereby earning a reputation as a "troublemaker" within the baseball establishment.[12] A salary dispute with the Charles Ebbets, owner of the Dodgers, was a major factor in Daubert's transfer to Cincinnati in 1919.[12]

Life outside baseball & death

While Daubert was in Brooklyn, he was nominated for city Alderman.[4] He also spent time as a businessman and invested in several business ventures. His holdings included a pool hall, a cigar business, a semi-pro baseball team, a moving picture business, and a coal breaker. His most profitable business was reportedly the coal breaker, which was located in his hometown.[4]

Daubert left the Reds late in the 1924 season after falling ill during a road trip to New York.[13] Against his doctor's advice, he returned to play in the team's final home game of the season.[13] On October 2, he had an appendectomy performed by Dr. Harry H. Hines, the Reds' team doctor.[13] Complications from the operation arose, and a blood transfusion did not improve his health.[13] He died one week after the operation in Cincinnati, with the doctor citing "exhaustion, resulting in indigestion, [as] the immediate cause of death".[13] It was later discovered that Daubert suffered from a hereditary blood disorder called hemolytic spherocytosis, which contributed to his death.[14] He was interred at the Charles Baber Cemetery in Pottsville, Pennsylvania.[15] Daubert was survived by his wife Gertrude, his son George, and his daughter Louisa.[4]. As of 2018, he remains the oldest ballplayer to die while in the majors.

During his career, Daubert compiled a .303 lifetime batting average. At the time of his death, he ranked among the major league career leaders in games (4th, 2001), putouts (4th, 19634), assists (5th, 1128), total chances (4th, 20943) and double plays (3rd, 1199) at first base; he was also among the NL's leaders in hits (7th, 2326), triples (9th, 165), at bats (9th, 7673), games played (10th, 2014) and total bases (10th, 3074). Daubert currently holds the NL record for most sacrifice hits (392). He was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 1966[16] and the Brooklyn Dodgers Hall of Fame in 1990.[17]

See also


  • Baseball: The Biographical Encyclopedia (2000). Kingston, New York: Total/Sports Illustrated. ISBN 1-892129-34-5.
  • Kashatus, William C. (2002). Diamonds in the Coalfields: 21 Remarkable Baseball Players, Managers, and Umpires from Northeast Pennsylvania. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0-7864-1176-4.
In-line citations
  1. ^ The team also went by the nicknames Dodgers and Robins during Daubert's time with Brooklyn.
  2. ^ Deadball Era Resources. "The Baseball Magazine All American Teams". Retrieved November 9, 2006. Archived January 28, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Kashatus (2002), pp. 94–95.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Sandoval, Jim. "Jake Daubert". TheDeadballEra.com. Retrieved November 9, 2006.
  5. ^ a b c "Jake Daubert". TheBaseballPage.com. Archived from the original on May 7, 2006. Retrieved April 7, 2007.
  6. ^ SABR Archived November 6, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ The Chalmers Award was Major League Baseball's first iteration of the Most Valuable Player Award.
  8. ^ "Jake Daubert Statistics and History". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved February 13, 2011.
  9. ^ Bostrom, Don (July 30, 1999). "Sun King Ogea Is More Than Ok * He Tosses Seven Innings Of Six- Hit Ball And Sets Up Phils With Three Sacrifice Bunts". Morning Call.
  10. ^ "1923 National League Statistics and Awards". Baseball-Reference.com. Archived from the original on April 29, 2007. Retrieved April 18, 2007.
  11. ^ Career Leaders & Records for Sac. Hits Baseball-Reference.com
  12. ^ a b c d e Kashatus (2002), p. 95.
  13. ^ a b c d e "The Obit for Jake Daubert". TheDeadBallEra.com. Archived from the original on November 13, 2006. Retrieved November 10, 2006.
  14. ^ Jake Daubert
  15. ^ "Jake Daubert". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 10, 2006.
  16. ^ "Reds Hall of Famers". Cincinnati.Reds.MLB.com. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
  17. ^ "Brooklyn Dodgers Hall of Fame Inductees". Ebbets-Field.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved April 17, 2007.

External links

1910 Brooklyn Superbas season

The 1910 Brooklyn Superbas hired Bill Dahlen as the new manager, but still finished in a dismal sixth place in the National League.

1911 Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers season

With the 1911 season, the Superbas changed the team name to the Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers. However, the team still struggled, finishing in seventh place.

1912 Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers season

The 1912 Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers finished in seventh place with a 65–76 record.

1913 Brooklyn Dodgers season

The 1913 team saw the team named shortened to the Brooklyn Dodgers and the team moved into the new stadium at Ebbets Field. Jake Daubert won the Chalmers Award as the leagues Most Valuable Player but the team finished only in sixth place.

1913 Major League Baseball season

The 1913 Major League Baseball season.

1913 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 1913 throughout the world.

1914 Brooklyn Robins season

With Wilbert Robinson taking over as the new manager, the team name was changed to the Brooklyn Robins for the 1914 season. The Robins finished in 5th place, just missing finishing with a .500 record.

1915 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1915 Brooklyn Robins improved enough to finish in third place, just 10 games behind the National League champion Philadelphia Phillies.

1916 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1916 Brooklyn Robins won their first National League pennant in 16 years and advanced to the first World Series in franchise history, where they lost to Babe Ruth and the Boston Red Sox in five games.

1917 Brooklyn Robins season

With World War I looming over the season, the 1917 Brooklyn Robins fell into 7th place.

1918 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1918 Brooklyn Robins finished the season in fifth place.

1919 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1919 Brooklyn Robins finished the season in fifth place.

1919 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1919 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The Reds won the National League pennant, then went on to win the 1919 World Series. The team's accomplishments were overshadowed by the subsequent Black Sox scandal, when it was discovered that their American League opponents, the Chicago White Sox had conspired to throw the series.

1920 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1920 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished third in the National League with a record of 82–71, 10½ games behind the Brooklyn Robins.

1922 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1922 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished second in the National League with a record of 86–68, 7 games behind the New York Giants.

List of Los Angeles Dodgers seasons

The Los Angeles Dodgers are the second most successful franchise in the National League and the third-most successful and second-most wealthy in Major League Baseball after the New York Yankees. The franchise was formerly based in Brooklyn and known originally as the "Grays" or "Trolley Dodgers" after the trams which supporters had to avoid to enter games. Later it became known successively as the "Bridegrooms", "Superbas", "Dodgers" and "Robins"; the present "Dodgers" was firmly established in 1932.

The franchise has won the World Series six times and lost a further 13, and like the Yankees and Cardinals have never lost 100 games in a season since World War I, with their worst record since then being in 1992 with 63 wins and their best records ever being in 1953 with 105 wins and both 1942 and 2017 with 104. Their most successful period, between 1947 and 1966 with ten World Series appearances and only two seasons with 71 or more losses (one of them the year they moved to Los Angeles after a dispute over stadium funding), was famous for the Dodgers becoming the first Major League Baseball team to incorporate African American players, led by Jackie Robinson and Roy Campanella.

Los Angeles Dodgers award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Los Angeles Dodgers professional baseball franchise, including its years in Brooklyn (1883–1957).

Marion Drummers

The Marion Drummers were an Ohio–Pennsylvania League minor league baseball team that played in 1907. Notable players include Sandy Burk, Jake Daubert, Delos Drake, Charlie Luskey and Hughie Tate. Baseball Reference lists the team as the Marion Moguls., though other sources list them as the Drummers. The team was based in Marion, Ohio.

Marion Moguls

The Marion Moguls were a professional baseball team that played in the Interstate Association and Ohio–Pennsylvania League in 1906, and according to Baseball Reference, 1907. The team was based in the United States city of Marion, Ohio and was managed by Clarence Jessup and Ferdinand Drumm.

Numerous major league players spent time with the team, including Donie Bush, Lew Groh, Scotty Ingerton, Dutch Rudolph, Joe Stewart, Sandy Burk, Jake Daubert, Delos Drake, Charlie Luskey and Hughie Tate.

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