Jajpur

Jajpur (also known as Jajapur) is a city and a municipality in Jajpur district in the Indian state of Odisha. It was the capital of Odisha during the Kesari dynasty, later supplanted by Cuttack. Now, it is the headquarters of Jajpur district.

Jajpur
City
The Biraja Temple in Jajpur
The Biraja Temple in Jajpur
Jajpur is located in Odisha
Jajpur
Jajpur
Location in Odisha, India
Jajpur is located in India
Jajpur
Jajpur
Jajpur (India)
Coordinates: 20°51′N 86°20′E / 20.85°N 86.33°ECoordinates: 20°51′N 86°20′E / 20.85°N 86.33°E
Country  India
State Odisha
district Jajpur
Founded by Jajati Keshari
Named for Biraja Khetra
Government
 • Type Democracy
 • Collector and District Magistrate of Jajpur Ranjan Kumar Das[1]
 • Superintendent of Police Shri.Charan Shing Meena
Area
 • Total 2,887.69 km2 (1,114.94 sq mi)
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 37,458
 • Density 620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Odia
 • Other local language Ho
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration OD-04 &OD-34
Website www.jajpur.nic.in

Etymology and names

Jajpur, the location of the ancient Viraja Temple, was originally known as Viraja. Other names of the city in the ancient texts include Viranja, Varanja-nagara, Varaha-tirtha.[2] The Bhauma-Kara kings established their capital city of Guhadevapataka (or Guheshvarapataka), identified with modern Gohiratikar (or Gohiratikra) near Jajpur.[3] The later Somavanshi kings moved their capital from Yayatinagara (modern Binka) to Guheshvarapataka, and renamed the city Abhinava-Yayatinagara ("the new city of Yayati").[2]

Later, the Jajpur city came to be known as Yajanagara. According to one theory, this name is a corruption of "Yayatinagara". Another theory is that it derives from the Brahmanical sacrifices (Yajna) that became popular during the Ganga-Gajapati period (11th-16th century).[4] In the Muslim chronicles such as Tabaqat-i-Nasiri and Tarikh-i-Firuzshahi, the city's name was mentioned as "Jajnagar". Later, the suffix "-nagar" ("city") was replaced with the equivalent "-pur", and the city's name became "Jajpur".[2]

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[5] Jajpur had a population of 37,458. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Jajpur has an average literacy rate of 82%, greater than the national average of 65%: male literacy is 87%, and female literacy is 76%. In Jajpur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Politics

Current MLA from Jajpur Assembly Constituency is Pranab Prakash Das of BJD, who won the seat in State elections of 2009. He has elected as second time with a large vote margin. Previous MLAs from this seat were Parameswar Sethi who won this seat in 2004 and Suryamani Jena who won this seat in 2000 representing BJD and also in 1995 representing JD, Jagannath Mallik who won this seat representing JD in 1990 and also in 1985 and in 1977 representing JNP, and Niranjan Jena of INC(I) in 1980. Sri Pranab Prakash Das [MLA] Jajpur Assembly Constituency has been appointed as Ministers of State MoS (Ind) Energy and Information Technology. Sri Pranab Prakash Das [MLA] will also entrusted to oversee after Disability Welfare in the department of Women and Child Development as MoS[6]

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
48 Binjharpur SC Binjharpur, Dasarathpur (part) Smt. Pramila Mallik BJD
49 Bari None Bari, Jajpur (part), Rasulpur (part) Debasis Nayak BJD
50 Barchana None Barchana Amar Prasad Satpathy BJD*
51 Dharmasala None Dharmasala, Rasulpur (part) Pranab Balabantaray BJD
52 Jajpur None Jajpur (M), Jajpur (part), Dasharathpur (part) Pranab Prakash Das BJD
53 Korei None Vyasanagar (M), Vyasanagar (O. G), Korei, Rasulpur (part) Akash Dasnayak BJD
54 Sukinda None Sukinda, Dangadi Preeti Ranjan Ghadei BJD

Geography and climate

Jajpur
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
41
 
 
29
15
 
 
26
 
 
32
19
 
 
28
 
 
35
23
 
 
49
 
 
37
25
 
 
131
 
 
38
26
 
 
243
 
 
35
26
 
 
341
 
 
32
26
 
 
401
 
 
32
25
 
 
270
 
 
32
25
 
 
196
 
 
32
23
 
 
37
 
 
31
19
 
 
39
 
 
29
15
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.6
 
 
85
59
 
 
1
 
 
90
66
 
 
1.1
 
 
96
73
 
 
1.9
 
 
99
77
 
 
5.1
 
 
100
79
 
 
9.6
 
 
94
79
 
 
13
 
 
90
78
 
 
16
 
 
89
78
 
 
11
 
 
90
77
 
 
7.7
 
 
90
74
 
 
1.5
 
 
87
66
 
 
1.5
 
 
84
59
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Jajpur is located at 20°51′N 86°20′E / 20.85°N 86.33°E[7] and has an average elevation of 8 metres (26 ft). The climate of Jajpur District is normal as per Indian standards. All the seasons arrive in the District at their usual time. The District’s average height from the sea level is 331 m and its average rain fall is 1014.5 mm. The average maximum and minimum temperatures are 40 degree C and 10 degree C respectively. Overall, the climate of the District is neither hotter nor cooler. The summer season is from March to June when the climate is hot and humid. Thunderstorms are common at the height of the summer. The monsoon months are from July to October when the city receives most of its rainfall from the South West Monsoon. The annual rainfall is around 1014.5 mm. The winter season from November to February is characterised by mild temperatures and occasional showers.

Climate data for Jajpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
32.3
(90.1)
35.4
(95.7)
37.0
(98.6)
37.5
(99.5)
34.7
(94.5)
32.3
(90.1)
31.8
(89.2)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
30.7
(87.3)
29.0
(84.2)
32.9
(91.1)
Average low °C (°F) 15.2
(59.4)
18.7
(65.7)
22.6
(72.7)
25.0
(77)
26.2
(79.2)
26.1
(79)
25.5
(77.9)
25.3
(77.5)
25.0
(77)
23.3
(73.9)
19.1
(66.4)
15.0
(59)
22.3
(72.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 41.3
(1.626)
26.0
(1.024)
27.8
(1.094)
48.5
(1.909)
130.6
(5.142)
243.4
(9.583)
340.6
(13.409)
401.1
(15.791)
269.5
(10.61)
195.8
(7.709)
37.2
(1.465)
38.5
(1.516)
1,800.3
(70.878)
Source: Jajpur Weather

Colleges

Schools

Shyam Sundar high school, Iswarpur.

References

  1. ^ "Collector & District Magistrate of Jajpur District". District Portal Jajpur. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Thomas E. Donaldson 2001, p. 51.
  3. ^ Thomas E. Donaldson 2001, p. 6.
  4. ^ Kailash Chandra Dash 2010, p. 169.
  5. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=418161
  6. ^ "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 25-Jajapur Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-24.
  7. ^ "Maps, Weather, Videos, and Airports for Jajpur, India".

Bibliography

External links

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