Jajpur (also known as Jajapur) is a city and a municipality in Jajpur district in the Indian state of Odisha. It was the capital of Odisha during the Kesari dynasty, later supplanted by Cuttack. Now, it is the headquarters of Jajpur district.
The Biraja Temple in Jajpur
Location in Odisha, India
|Founded by||Jajati Keshari|
|Named for||Biraja Khetra|
|• Collector and District Magistrate of Jajpur||Ranjan Kumar Das|
|• Superintendent of Police||Shri.Charan Shing Meena|
|• Total||2,887.69 km2 (1,114.94 sq mi)|
|Elevation||8 m (26 ft)|
|• Density||620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||OD-04 &OD-34|
Jajpur, the location of the ancient Viraja Temple, was originally known as Viraja. Other names of the city in the ancient texts include Viranja, Varanja-nagara, Varaha-tirtha. The Bhauma-Kara kings established their capital city of Guhadevapataka (or Guheshvarapataka), identified with modern Gohiratikar (or Gohiratikra) near Jajpur. The later Somavanshi kings moved their capital from Yayatinagara (modern Binka) to Guheshvarapataka, and renamed the city Abhinava-Yayatinagara ("the new city of Yayati").
Later, the Jajpur city came to be known as Yajanagara. According to one theory, this name is a corruption of "Yayatinagara". Another theory is that it derives from the Brahmanical sacrifices (Yajna) that became popular during the Ganga-Gajapati period (11th-16th century). In the Muslim chronicles such as Tabaqat-i-Nasiri and Tarikh-i-Firuzshahi, the city's name was mentioned as "Jajnagar". Later, the suffix "-nagar" ("city") was replaced with the equivalent "-pur", and the city's name became "Jajpur".
As of 2011 India census, Jajpur had a population of 37,458. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Jajpur has an average literacy rate of 82%, greater than the national average of 65%: male literacy is 87%, and female literacy is 76%. In Jajpur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Current MLA from Jajpur Assembly Constituency is Pranab Prakash Das of BJD, who won the seat in State elections of 2009. He has elected as second time with a large vote margin. Previous MLAs from this seat were Parameswar Sethi who won this seat in 2004 and Suryamani Jena who won this seat in 2000 representing BJD and also in 1995 representing JD, Jagannath Mallik who won this seat representing JD in 1990 and also in 1985 and in 1977 representing JNP, and Niranjan Jena of INC(I) in 1980. Sri Pranab Prakash Das [MLA] Jajpur Assembly Constituency has been appointed as Ministers of State MoS (Ind) Energy and Information Technology. Sri Pranab Prakash Das [MLA] will also entrusted to oversee after Disability Welfare in the department of Women and Child Development as MoS
|No.||Constituency||Reservation||Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks)||Member of 14th Assembly||Party|
|48||Binjharpur||SC||Binjharpur, Dasarathpur (part)||Smt. Pramila Mallik||BJD|
|49||Bari||None||Bari, Jajpur (part), Rasulpur (part)||Debasis Nayak||BJD|
|50||Barchana||None||Barchana||Amar Prasad Satpathy||BJD*|
|51||Dharmasala||None||Dharmasala, Rasulpur (part)||Pranab Balabantaray||BJD|
|52||Jajpur||None||Jajpur (M), Jajpur (part), Dasharathpur (part)||Pranab Prakash Das||BJD|
|53||Korei||None||Vyasanagar (M), Vyasanagar (O. G), Korei, Rasulpur (part)||Akash Dasnayak||BJD|
|54||Sukinda||None||Sukinda, Dangadi||Preeti Ranjan Ghadei||BJD|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Jajpur is located at  and has an average elevation of 8 metres (26 ft). The climate of Jajpur District is normal as per Indian standards. All the seasons arrive in the District at their usual time. The District’s average height from the sea level is 331 m and its average rain fall is 1014.5 mm. The average maximum and minimum temperatures are 40 degree C and 10 degree C respectively. Overall, the climate of the District is neither hotter nor cooler. The summer season is from March to June when the climate is hot and humid. Thunderstorms are common at the height of the summer. The monsoon months are from July to October when the city receives most of its rainfall from the South West Monsoon. The annual rainfall is around 1014.5 mm. The winter season from November to February is characterised by mild temperatures and occasional showers.
The Baitarani River or River Baitarani is one of six major rivers of Odisha, India. Venerated in popular epics and legends, the Baitarani River is a source of water for agricultural irrigation. Most of the potentially arable land in the area is not under cultivation. The coastal plain of Odisha has the name of "Hexadeltaic region" or the "Gift of Six Rivers". These deltas divide the coastal plain into three regions from north to south. The Baitarani, the Mahanadi and the Brahmani rivers form the Middle Coastal Plain, with evidence of past "back bays" and present lakes.Biraja Temple
The Biraja Temple, or Birija Kshetra (Oriya:ଓଡ୍ଡ୍ୟାଣ ପୀଠ), (Oriya:ବିରଜା ମନ୍ଦିର), is a historic Hindu temple located in Jajpur (about 125 kilometres (78 mi) north of Bhubaneswar), Odisha, India. The present temple was built during the 13th century. The principal idol is Devi Durga, who is worshiped as Viraja (Girija), and the temple gave Jajpur the nicknames "Viraja Kshetra" and "Biraja Peetha". The Durga idol has two hands (dwibhuja), spearing the chest of Mahishasura with one hand and pulling his tail with the other. One of her feet is on a lion, and the other is on Mahishasura's chest. Mahishasura is depicted as a water buffalo. The idol's crown features Ganesha, a crescent moon and a lingam. The temple covers a large area, and has several shrines to Shiva and other deities. According to the Skanda Purana it cleanses pilgrims, and it is called the Viraja or the Biraja kshetra. Jajpur is believed to have about one crore of Shiva lingams.Budha Ganesha Temple
Budha Ganesha Temple or the temple of Ganesha in his old age form is found near the Dasashwamedh Ghat of Baitarani River in Jajpur. It is very near to Yajna Varaha Temple.Chhatia Bata
Chhatia Bata or Chhatia Jagannath Temple is a temple in Chhatia, Jajpur district, India. It is devoted to Lord Jagannath and associated with Kalki, avatar of Lord Vishnu.
Hadidas mentions this temple in the saga Maalika, predicting that "on a day when all living animals and human will die and fish will play at the steps of puri temple".Gopalpur Tussar Fabrics
Gopalpur village is famous for producing Tussar fabrics. It is in Jajpur District in the Indian state of Odisha. This handicraft received the Geographical Indication tag by the Government of India in 2009. Tussar textiles are related to dhoti, joda, Shawl stole, scarves and saris.Jajpur (Lok Sabha constituency)
Jajpur Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 21 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Odisha state in eastern India.Jajpur Airstrip
Jajpur Airstrip (IATA: IN 0092) is a private airstrip located at Sukinda in the Jajpur district of Odisha. Nearest airport to this airstrip is Savitri Jindal Airport in Angul, Odisha.Jajpur Keonjhar Road railway station
Jajpur Keonjhar Road railway station serves Jajpur district and Kalinganagar in Indian state of Odisha.Jajpur derailment
The Jajpur derailment was a passenger train derailment that occurred at 19:45 local time (14:15 UTC) near Jajpur in the eastern state of Odisha, India, on 13 February 2009. Nine people were killed and 150 people were injured in the incident. Twelve carriages belonging to the Howrah–Chennai Coromandel Express are believed to have derailed following the train's departure from Jajapur Road station near Jajapur. The cause of the accident is currently unknown.Jajpur district
Jajpur is a district of Odisha, India.Kalinganagar
Kalinganagar is a planned industrial and modern town in Jajpur district of coastal Odisha, India. It is rich in iron ore. Because of high global demand for steel, Kalinganagar is becoming a major global hub in steel, power and ancillary products. A large number of steel plants including projects by Jindal Steel and Tata Steel are in various stages of implementation.
The city has been a main contributor to Odisha's economy, human resource and fast growing urbanization and industrialization. In ancient times, Jajapur was the capital of Great Kalinga Kingdom.
Kalinganagar is a major industrial center of Odisha. It houses companies like Tata Steel, NINL, Jindal, VISA, MESCO and many more.
The government of India has given final approval to develop the Kalinganagar complex as a National Investment Manufacturing Zone under the National Manufacturing Policy. The major proposal at Kalinganagar NIMZ are Steel & Aluminium Downstream Park, New Industrial Township, Central Business District with office, Commercial and recreational activities, Common Tool Rooms, Technical Training Institutions and Support internal
Kendrapara District is an administrative district of Odisha state in eastern India. The town of Kendrapara is the district headquarters. Kendrapara District is situated in the eastern portion of the state, and is bounded on the north by Bhadrak District, on the east by the Bay of Bengal, on the south by Jagatsinghpur District, on the west by Cuttack District and on the northwest by Jajpur District.List of constituencies of the Odisha Legislative Assembly
The following is the list of Vidhan sabha Constituencies of Odisha and the Elected Members
* representatives had contested the election with NCP ticket.Mahavinayak Temple
Mahavinayak Temple is a major pilgrimage center in Chandikhole in Jajpur district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is one of the oldest Ganesha temples in the state. Five gods - Shiva, Vishnu, Durga, Sun and Ganesha - are worshiped as one deity in a single Garbhagriha or sanctum sanctorum there.N.C. Autonomous College, Jajpur
The N.C. Autonomous College (Narasingh Choudhury Autonomous College)(Odia: ନରସିଂହ ଚୌଧୁରୀ ସ୍ୱୟଂଶାସିତ ମହାବିଦ୍ୟାଳୟ)is a 30-acre college in Jajpur, Odisha, India. It was founded in 1946. It is one of the oldest colleges of Odisha and stands tall in the heart of Jajpur district headquarters. The college was initially affiliated to Utkal University but now it has autonomous status from the session 1999-2000 as per UGC and B+ grade accredits with the National Assessment and Accreditation Council NAAC.Saptamatruka Temple
Saptamaruka Temple is Hindu temple in Jajpur (also known as Jajapur, "ଯାଜପୁର") in the Indian state of Odisha. Temple is dedicated to Hindu Tantric and Puranic goddesses Saptamatrikas.Srikant Kumar Jena
Srikant Kumar Jena (born 18 June 1950), is an Indian politician hailing from Ratnagiri, Jajpur district, Odisha. He was the Union Cabinet Minister for Parliamentary Affairs and Tourism in the Gujral ministry and Deve Gowda ministry He was the Minister of State(Independent charge) for Chemicals & Fertilizers and Statistics & Programme Implementation in the Second Manmohan Singh ministry.He was Union Minister of State, Small Scale Industry, Agro and Rural Industries in the V. P. Singh ministry He represented the Balasore parliamentary constituency in the 15th Lok Sabha.
He had been elected as MLA in Odisha Legislative Assembly, three times between 1977 and 1989. In 1979-80, he held the post of Minister of State, Industry and Urban Development, Govt. of Odisha. He got elected to Lok Sabha for the first time in 1989 and then subsequently three more times to 9th Lok Sabha, 10th Lok Sabha and 15th Lok Sabha in 1991, 1996 and 2001 respectively. Before joining Indian National Congress, he was party member of Janata Dal.
He did his B.A. from at Kendrapara College, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha.Varahanatha Temple
The Varahanatha Temple, also known as Yajna Varaha Temple, is a Hindu temple complex, located on the left bank of the Vaitarani River on an island formed by the river, in Jajpur, Odisha, India. The main shrine is dedicated to Varaha, the boar avatar of the god Vishnu. Built in 15-16th century, the temple is constructed in Kalinga architectural style. Besides the central Varaha shrine, there are numerous subordinate shrines to deities like Shiva, Vishnu, Vimala and others.Vyasanagar College
Vyasanagar College, Jajpur Road, Jajpur, Odisha is the 28th Autonomous college of Odisha. The autonomous status was granted in February 2009, renewed on 2016 by University Grants Commission (UGC) of India.
|Average max. and min. temperatures in °F|
|Precipitation totals in inches|
|Climate data for Jajpur|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.2
|Average low °C (°F)||15.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||41.3
|Source: Jajpur Weather|
|Towns and villages|
Municipalities of Odisha