Jajpur

Jajpur (also known as Jajapur) is a city and a municipality in Jajpur district in the Indian state of Odisha. It was the capital of Odisha during the Kesari dynasty, later supplanted by Cuttack. Now, it is the headquarters of Jajpur district.

Jajpur
City
The Biraja Temple in Jajpur
The Biraja Temple in Jajpur
Jajpur is located in Odisha
Jajpur
Jajpur
Location in Odisha, India
Jajpur is located in India
Jajpur
Jajpur
Jajpur (India)
Coordinates: 20°51′N 86°20′E / 20.85°N 86.33°ECoordinates: 20°51′N 86°20′E / 20.85°N 86.33°E
Country India
StateOdisha
districtJajpur
Founded byJajati Keshari
Named forBiraja Khetra
Government
 • TypeDemocracy
 • Collector and District Magistrate of JajpurRanjan Kumar Das[1]
 • Superintendent of PoliceShri.Charan Shing Meena
Area
 • Total2,887.69 km2 (1,114.94 sq mi)
Elevation
8 m (26 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total37,458
 • Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationOD-04 &OD-34
Websitewww.jajpur.nic.in

Etymology and names

Jajpur, the location of the ancient Viraja Temple, was originally known as Viraja. Other names of the city in the ancient texts include Viranja, Varanja-nagara, Varaha-tirtha.[2] The Bhauma-Kara kings established their capital city of Guhadevapataka (or Guheshvarapataka), identified with modern Gohiratikar (or Gohiratikra) near Jajpur.[3] The later Somavanshi kings moved their capital from Yayatinagara (modern Binka) to Guheshvarapataka, and renamed the city Abhinava-Yayatinagara ("the new city of Yayati").[2]

Later, the Jajpur city came to be known as Yajanagara. According to one theory, this name is a corruption of "Yayatinagara". Another theory is that it derives from the Brahmanical sacrifices (Yajna) that became popular during the Ganga-Gajapati period (11th-16th century).[4] In the Muslim chronicles such as Tabaqat-i-Nasiri and Tarikh-i-Firuzshahi, the city's name was mentioned as "Jajnagar". Later, the suffix "-nagar" ("city") was replaced with the equivalent "-pur", and the city's name became "Jajpur".[2]

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[5] Jajpur had a population of 37,458. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Jajpur has an average literacy rate of 82%, greater than the national average of 65%: male literacy is 87%, and female literacy is 76%. In Jajpur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Politics

Current MLA from Jajpur Assembly Constituency is Pranab Prakash Das of BJD, who won the seat in State elections of 2009. He has elected as second time with a large vote margin. Previous MLAs from this seat were Parameswar Sethi who won this seat in 2004 and Suryamani Jena who won this seat in 2000 representing BJD and also in 1995 representing JD, Jagannath Mallik who won this seat representing JD in 1990 and also in 1985 and in 1977 representing JNP, and Niranjan Jena of INC(I) in 1980. Sri Pranab Prakash Das [MLA] Jajpur Assembly Constituency has been appointed as Ministers of State MoS (Ind) Energy and Information Technology. Sri Pranab Prakash Das [MLA] will also entrusted to oversee after Disability Welfare in the department of Women and Child Development as MoS[6]

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
48 Binjharpur SC Binjharpur, Dasarathpur (part) Smt. Pramila Mallik BJD
49 Bari None Bari, Jajpur (part), Rasulpur (part) Debasis Nayak BJD
50 Barchana None Barchana Amar Prasad Satpathy BJD*
51 Dharmasala None Dharmasala, Rasulpur (part) Pranab Balabantaray BJD
52 Jajpur None Jajpur (M), Jajpur (part), Dasharathpur (part) Pranab Prakash Das BJD
53 Korei None Vyasanagar (M), Vyasanagar (O. G), Korei, Rasulpur (part) Akash Dasnayak BJD
54 Sukinda None Sukinda, Dangadi Preeti Ranjan Ghadei BJD

Geography and climate

Jajpur
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
41
 
 
29
15
 
 
26
 
 
32
19
 
 
28
 
 
35
23
 
 
49
 
 
37
25
 
 
131
 
 
38
26
 
 
243
 
 
35
26
 
 
341
 
 
32
26
 
 
401
 
 
32
25
 
 
270
 
 
32
25
 
 
196
 
 
32
23
 
 
37
 
 
31
19
 
 
39
 
 
29
15
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Jajpur is located at 20°51′N 86°20′E / 20.85°N 86.33°E[7] and has an average elevation of 8 metres (26 ft). The climate of Jajpur District is normal as per Indian standards. All the seasons arrive in the District at their usual time. The District’s average height from the sea level is 331 m and its average rain fall is 1014.5 mm. The average maximum and minimum temperatures are 40 degree C and 10 degree C respectively. Overall, the climate of the District is neither hotter nor cooler. The summer season is from March to June when the climate is hot and humid. Thunderstorms are common at the height of the summer. The monsoon months are from July to October when the city receives most of its rainfall from the South West Monsoon. The annual rainfall is around 1014.5 mm. The winter season from November to February is characterised by mild temperatures and occasional showers.

Colleges

Schools

References

  1. ^ "Collector & District Magistrate of Jajpur District". District Portal Jajpur. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Thomas E. Donaldson 2001, p. 51.
  3. ^ Thomas E. Donaldson 2001, p. 6.
  4. ^ Kailash Chandra Dash 2010, p. 169.
  5. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=418161
  6. ^ "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 25-Jajapur Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 24 September 2008.
  7. ^ "Maps, Weather, Videos, and Airports for Jajpur, India".

Bibliography

External links

Baitarani River

The Baitarani River or River Baitarani is one of six major rivers of Odisha, India. Venerated in popular epics and legends, the Baitarani River is a source of water for agricultural irrigation. Most of the potentially arable land in the area is not under cultivation. The coastal plain of Odisha has the name of "Hexadeltaic region" or the "Gift of Six Rivers". These deltas divide the coastal plain into three regions from north to south. The Baitarani, the Mahanadi and the Brahmani rivers form the Middle Coastal Plain, with evidence of past "back bays" and present lakes.

Biraja Temple

The Biraja Temple, or Birija Kshetra (Oriya:ଓଡ୍ଡ୍ୟାଣ ପୀଠ), (Oriya:ବିରଜା ମନ୍ଦିର), is a historic Hindu temple located in Jajpur (about 125 kilometres (78 mi) north of Bhubaneswar), Odisha, India. The present temple was built during the 13th century. The principal idol is Devi Durga, who is worshiped as Viraja (Girija), and the temple gave Jajpur the nicknames "Viraja Kshetra" and "Biraja Peetha". The Durga idol has two hands (dwibhuja), spearing the chest of Mahishasura with one hand and pulling his tail with the other. One of her feet is on a lion, and the other is on Mahishasura's chest. Mahishasura is depicted as a water buffalo. The idol's crown features Ganesha, a crescent moon and a lingam. The temple covers a large area, and has several shrines to Shiva and other deities. According to the Skanda Purana it cleanses pilgrims, and it is called the Viraja or the Biraja kshetra. Jajpur is believed to have about one crore of Shiva lingams.

Budha Ganesha Temple

Budha Ganesha Temple or the temple of Ganesha in his old age form is found near the Dasashwamedh Ghat of Baitarani River in Jajpur. It is very near to Yajna Varaha Temple.

Chhatia Bata

Chhatia Bata or Chhatia Jagannath Temple is a temple in Chhatia, Jajpur district, India. It is devoted to Lord Jagannath and associated with Kalki, avatar of Lord Vishnu.

Hadidas mentions this temple in the saga Maalika, predicting that "on a day when all living animals and human will die and fish will play at the steps of puri temple".

Gopalpur Tussar Fabrics

Gopalpur village is famous for producing Tussar fabrics. It is in Jajpur District in the Indian state of Odisha. This handicraft received the Geographical Indication tag by the Government of India in 2009. Tussar textiles are related to dhoti, joda, Shawl stole, scarves and saris.

Jajpur (Lok Sabha constituency)

Jajpur Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 21 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Odisha state in eastern India.

Jajpur Airstrip

Jajpur Airstrip (IATA: IN 0092) is a private airstrip located at Sukinda in the Jajpur district of Odisha. Nearest airport to this airstrip is Savitri Jindal Airport in Angul, Odisha.

Jajpur Keonjhar Road railway station

Jajpur Keonjhar Road railway station serves Jajpur district and Kalinganagar in Indian state of Odisha.

Jajpur derailment

The Jajpur derailment was a passenger train derailment that occurred at 19:45 local time (14:15 UTC) near Jajpur in the eastern state of Odisha, India, on 13 February 2009. Nine people were killed and 150 people were injured in the incident. Twelve carriages belonging to the Howrah–Chennai Coromandel Express are believed to have derailed following the train's departure from Jajapur Road station near Jajapur. The cause of the accident is currently unknown.

Jajpur district

Jajpur is a district of Odisha, India.

Kalinganagar

Kalinganagar is a planned industrial and modern town in Jajpur district of coastal Odisha, India. It is rich in iron ore. Because of high global demand for steel, Kalinganagar is becoming a major global hub in steel, power and ancillary products. A large number of steel plants including projects by Jindal Steel and Tata Steel are in various stages of implementation.

The city has been a main contributor to Odisha's economy, human resource and fast growing urbanization and industrialization. In ancient times, Jajapur was the capital of Great Kalinga Kingdom.

Kalinganagar is a major industrial center of Odisha. It houses companies like Tata Steel, NINL, Jindal, VISA, MESCO and many more.

The government of India has given final approval to develop the Kalinganagar complex as a National Investment Manufacturing Zone under the National Manufacturing Policy. The major proposal at Kalinganagar NIMZ are Steel & Aluminium Downstream Park, New Industrial Township, Central Business District with office, Commercial and recreational activities, Common Tool Rooms, Technical Training Institutions and Support internal

infrastructure.

Kendrapara district

Kendrapara District is an administrative district of Odisha state in eastern India. The town of Kendrapara is the district headquarters. Kendrapara District is situated in the eastern portion of the state, and is bounded on the north by Bhadrak District, on the east by the Bay of Bengal, on the south by Jagatsinghpur District, on the west by Cuttack District and on the northwest by Jajpur District.

List of constituencies of the Odisha Legislative Assembly

The following is the list of Vidhan sabha Constituencies of Odisha and the Elected Members

* representatives had contested the election with NCP ticket.

Mahavinayak Temple

Mahavinayak Temple is a major pilgrimage center in Chandikhole in Jajpur district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is one of the oldest Ganesha temples in the state. Five gods - Shiva, Vishnu, Durga, Sun and Ganesha - are worshiped as one deity in a single Garbhagriha or sanctum sanctorum there.

N.C. Autonomous College, Jajpur

The N.C. Autonomous College (Narasingh Choudhury Autonomous College)(Odia: ନରସିଂହ ଚୌଧୁରୀ ସ୍ୱୟଂଶାସିତ ମହାବିଦ୍ୟାଳୟ)is a 30-acre college in Jajpur, Odisha, India. It was founded in 1946. It is one of the oldest colleges of Odisha and stands tall in the heart of Jajpur district headquarters. The college was initially affiliated to Utkal University but now it has autonomous status from the session 1999-2000 as per UGC and B+ grade accredits with the National Assessment and Accreditation Council NAAC.

Saptamatruka Temple

Saptamaruka Temple is Hindu temple in Jajpur (also known as Jajapur, "ଯାଜପୁର") in the Indian state of Odisha. Temple is dedicated to Hindu Tantric and Puranic goddesses Saptamatrikas.

Srikant Kumar Jena

Srikant Kumar Jena (born 18 June 1950), is an Indian politician hailing from Ratnagiri, Jajpur district, Odisha. He was the Union Cabinet Minister for Parliamentary Affairs and Tourism in the Gujral ministry and Deve Gowda ministry He was the Minister of State(Independent charge) for Chemicals & Fertilizers and Statistics & Programme Implementation in the Second Manmohan Singh ministry.He was Union Minister of State, Small Scale Industry, Agro and Rural Industries in the V. P. Singh ministry He represented the Balasore parliamentary constituency in the 15th Lok Sabha.

He had been elected as MLA in Odisha Legislative Assembly, three times between 1977 and 1989. In 1979-80, he held the post of Minister of State, Industry and Urban Development, Govt. of Odisha. He got elected to Lok Sabha for the first time in 1989 and then subsequently three more times to 9th Lok Sabha, 10th Lok Sabha and 15th Lok Sabha in 1991, 1996 and 2001 respectively. Before joining Indian National Congress, he was party member of Janata Dal.

He did his B.A. from at Kendrapara College, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha.

Varahanatha Temple

The Varahanatha Temple, also known as Yajna Varaha Temple, is a Hindu temple complex, located on the left bank of the Vaitarani River on an island formed by the river, in Jajpur, Odisha, India. The main shrine is dedicated to Varaha, the boar avatar of the god Vishnu. Built in 15-16th century, the temple is constructed in Kalinga architectural style. Besides the central Varaha shrine, there are numerous subordinate shrines to deities like Shiva, Vishnu, Vimala and others.

Vyasanagar College

Vyasanagar College, Jajpur Road, Jajpur, Odisha is the 28th Autonomous college of Odisha. The autonomous status was granted in February 2009, renewed on 2016 by University Grants Commission (UGC) of India.

Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.6
 
 
85
59
 
 
1
 
 
90
66
 
 
1.1
 
 
96
73
 
 
1.9
 
 
99
77
 
 
5.1
 
 
100
79
 
 
9.6
 
 
94
79
 
 
13
 
 
90
78
 
 
16
 
 
89
78
 
 
11
 
 
90
77
 
 
7.7
 
 
90
74
 
 
1.5
 
 
87
66
 
 
1.5
 
 
84
59
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Climate data for Jajpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.2
(84.6)
32.3
(90.1)
35.4
(95.7)
37.0
(98.6)
37.5
(99.5)
34.7
(94.5)
32.3
(90.1)
31.8
(89.2)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
30.7
(87.3)
29.0
(84.2)
32.9
(91.1)
Average low °C (°F) 15.2
(59.4)
18.7
(65.7)
22.6
(72.7)
25.0
(77.0)
26.2
(79.2)
26.1
(79.0)
25.5
(77.9)
25.3
(77.5)
25.0
(77.0)
23.3
(73.9)
19.1
(66.4)
15.0
(59.0)
22.3
(72.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 41.3
(1.63)
26.0
(1.02)
27.8
(1.09)
48.5
(1.91)
130.6
(5.14)
243.4
(9.58)
340.6
(13.41)
401.1
(15.79)
269.5
(10.61)
195.8
(7.71)
37.2
(1.46)
38.5
(1.52)
1,800.3
(70.87)
Source: Jajpur Weather
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