Jajinci

Jajinci (Serbian: Јајинци), pronounced [jâjiːntsi]) is an urban neighborhood located in the municipality of Voždovac, in Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It was the site of the worst carnage in Serbia during World War II when German occupational forces executed nearly 80,000 people, many of them prisoners of the nearby Banjica concentration camp. Jewish women and children from German Sajmište concentration camp, killed in a special gas truck on their way to Belgrade were also buried here.

Jajinci

Јајинци
Jajinci is located in Belgrade
Jajinci
Jajinci
Location within Belgrade
Coordinates: 44°44′N 20°29′E / 44.733°N 20.483°ECoordinates: 44°44′N 20°29′E / 44.733°N 20.483°E
Country Serbia
RegionBelgrade
MunicipalityVoždovac
Area
 • Total5.13 km2 (1.98 sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code+381(0)11
Car platesBG

Location

Jajinci is located in the Lipnica creek valley. Once a small village far from downtown Belgrade, Jajinci today has grown into one continuous metropolitan area with the rest of the city. It borders the neighborhoods of Banjica on the north, Kumodraž on the east and Selo Rakovica on the south. The eastern border of the neighborhood is marked by the Jelezovac creek, which also forms a border with the municipality of Rakovica.

Characteristics

The settlement spreads from the central street, the Boulevard of Liebration, which starts in central Belgrade (the Slavija square). A former village and separate settlement, Jajinci is today a local community (mesna zajednica) within the municipality of Voždovac. Unlike neighboring Banjica, it was never developed with high modern buildings and remained a settlement of smaller, family houses, but did evolve from agricultural into a typical suburban area with most inhabitants working in Belgrade.

A large rasadnik (nursery garden) is located in the north of the neighborhood, and the "Jajinci" memorial park is in the southern section.

Mala Utrina

A western sub-settlement of Jajinci located along the lower course of the Lipovica creek, near where it flows into the Jelezovac. It is a direct extension of the rasadnik in the north.

It is situated 500 m (1,600 ft) from the Banjica direction. As of 2018, it still lacked proper communal infrastructure.[1]

Maxima

A southern sub-settlement of Jajinci. Because of luxury houses, mansions and villas, people call this part of Jajinci New Dedinje.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1910458—    
1921489+6.8%
1931922+88.5%
1948875−5.1%
19531,080+23.4%
19612,572+138.1%
19713,879+50.8%
19814,386+13.1%
19914,396+0.2%
20026,986+58.9%
20118,876+27.1%
Source: [2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

Jajinci was a separate settlement until 1972 when it was officially annexed into the Belgrade City Proper (uža teritorija grada). In the 20th century it experienced constant population growth until the 1990s. The Yugoslav Wars brought a large influx of refugees, and Jajinci continued to grow in the early 2000s.

World War II

A former military shooting ground near Jajinci was used by the Nazis as an execution place for almost 80,000 people in the period between 1941–44, most of them Serbs and Jews. Many of them were prisoners, either Communists or public figures opposing the German occupation, from the Banjica concentration camp. A large memorial park, with a monument to the victims, was opened on October 20, 1964, marking the 20th anniversary of the Partisan army entering Belgrade.

References

  1. ^ Zdravko Zdravković (8 March 2018). "Kanalizacija kao Potemkinova sela" [Sewage like Potemkin village]. Politika (in Serbian).
  2. ^ Претходни резултати пописа становништва и домаће стоке у Краљевини Србији 31 декембра 1910 године, Књига V, стр. 12 [Preliminary results of the census of population and husbandry in Kingdom of Serbia on 31 December 1910, Vol. V, page 12]. Управа државне статистике, Београд (Administration of the state statistics, Belgrade). 1911.
  3. ^ Final results of the census of population from 31 January 1921. Kingdom of Yugoslavia - General State Statistics, Sarajevo. June 1932.
  4. ^ Final results of the census of population from 31 March 1931. Kingdom of Yugoslavia - General State Statistics, Belgrade. 1937.
  5. ^ Final results of the population census of March 15th 1948, Volume IX, Population by ethnic nationality. Federal Statistical, Belgrade. 1954.
  6. ^ Popis stanovništva 1953, Stanovništvo po narodnosti (pdf). Savezni zavod za statistiku, Beograd.
  7. ^ Popis stanovništva 1961, Stanovništvo prema nacionalnom sastavu (pdf). Savezni zavod za statistiku, Beograd.
  8. ^ Popis stanovništva 1971, Stanovništvo prema nacionalnom sastavu (pdf). Savezni zavod za statistiku, Beograd.
  9. ^ Osnovni skupovi stanovništva u zemlji – SFRJ, SR i SAP, opštine i mesne zajednice 31.03.1981, tabela 191. Savezni zavod za statistiku (txt file). 1983.
  10. ^ Stanovništvo prema migracionim obeležjima – SFRJ, SR i SAP, opštine i mesne zajednice 31.03.1991, tabela 018. Savezni zavod za statistiku (txt file).
  11. ^ Popis stanovništva po mesnim zajednicama, Saopštenje 40/2002, page 4. Zavod za informatiku i statistiku grada Beograda. 26 July 2002.
  12. ^ Stanovništvo po opštinama i mesnim zajednicama, Popis 2011. Grad Beograd – Sektor statistike (xls file). 23 April 2015.

Sources

  • Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
  • Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
BG Voz

BG Voz (stylized as BG:Voz; Serbian Cyrillic: БГ Вoз) is an urban rail system that serves the city of Belgrade, Serbia. It is operated by the public transit corporation GSP Belgrade and is a part of the integrated BusPlus system.

Banjica concentration camp

The Banjica concentration camp (German: KZ Banjica) was a German concentration camp in the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia during World War II. Located in the Banjica neighborhood of Dedinje—a suburb of Belgrade—it was originally used by the Germans as a center for holding hostages. The camp was later used to hold Serbs, Jews, Roma, captured Partisans, Chetniks and other opponents of Nazi Germany. By 1942, most executions occurred at the firing ranges at Jajinci, Marinkova Bara and the Jewish cemetery.

Banjica was operational from July 1941 to October 1944. It was jointly run by German occupying forces under the command of Gestapo official Willy Friedrich. Later, Friedrich was tried, found guilty and executed for war crimes by Yugoslavia's post-war communist authorities. 23,697 individuals were detained in Banjica throughout the war, at least 3,849 of whom perished. After the war, a small monument dedicated to the victims of the camp was constructed. The Museum of the Banjica Concentration Camp was opened in 1969, and contains more than four hundred items relating to the camp and its operation.

Belgrade marshalling yard

Belgrade marshalling yard (Serbian: Ранжирна железничка станица Београд) or Makiš railway station (Железничка станица Макиш-Ранжирна), or Makiš freight station, is a classification yard of the Belgrade railway junction and the largest railway station in Serbia. It is located in the neighbourhood of Makiš in Čukarica of Belgrade. The railroad continues to Ostružnica in one line via park A, in the other direction to Ostružnica via park B, in third direction to Resnik via junction B near Železnik and junction K of Belgrade railway junction near Petlovo Brdo, in fourth direction to Resnik via junction R in the tunnel below Vidikovac and junction A near Kneževac, in the fifth direction to Rakovica via park B and junction R, in the sixth direction to Rakovica via park A and junction T, in the seventh direction to Rakovica via park B and junction T per second line and the eight towards direction to Jajinci. Belgrade marshalling yard consists of 120 railway tracks.

Belgrade railway junction

The Belgrade railway junction (Serbian: Београдски железнички чвор, Beogradski železnički čvor) is a large-scale reconstruction of the rail network in Belgrade, Serbia. It was launched 1971 with works officially starting 1974 with the construction of the New Railway Bridge. The central part of the scheme is formed by the Belgrade Centre railway station, better known as Prokop after the neighborhood it is located in, which is served via three tunnels beneath the city center.

Construction of the Belgrade railway junction was mostly completed with the opening of the Vukov spomenik underground passenger station in 1995. As the completion of the Prokop railway station was severely delayed due to lack in funding the network, which was planned to replace the old rail network and the historical central station up till today is only used for the BG Voz S-train of the urban modal city network.

FK Rad

Fudbalski klub Rad (Serbian Cyrillic: Фудбалски клуб Рад), commonly known as Rad, is a professional Serbian football club based in Belgrade. The club's name translates as "work" or "labour" due to being formed by the construction company of the same name in 1958.

Jajinci railway station

Jajinci railway station (Serbian: Железничка станица Јајинци) is a railway station of Belgrade railway junction and Belgrade–Požarevac railway. Located in northern part of Resnik, Rakovica, Belgrade. Railroad continues to Beli Potok in one, in the other direction to Rakovica, in third direction to Belgrade marshalling yard "A" and in the fourth direction towards to Ostružnica. Jajinci railway station consists of 4 railway tracks.

Jelezovac

Jelezovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Јелезовац) is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Rakovica.

Jelezovac is located in the central part of the municipality, on the northern side of the Patrijarha Dimitrija street and the creek of Milošev potok. It borders the neighborhoods of Sunčani Breg and Straževica to the west, the Zmajevac creek (and further the neighborhood of Miljakovac III) to the north and Resnik to the south.

The neighborhood is entirely residential. It has been named after the creek of Jelezovac, located to the east. Railway station Jajinci and the monastery of Rakovica are located nearby.

Jelezovac is a new settlement, constructed since the 1990s, without regulatory plans. In the plans for the urbanization of this area, it is projected as the one neighborhood with Sunčani Breg, Sunčani Breg-Jelezovac.

Kumodraž

Kumodraž (Serbian Cyrillic: Кумодраж; pronounced [kûmɔdraːʒ]) is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Voždovac.

List of Beovoz stations

There are six lines in Belgrade Beovoz City Railway System:

Stara Pazova-Batajnica-Beograd Centar-Pančevo Vojlovica

Ripanj-Resnik-Rakovica-Pančevo Vojlovica

Stara Pazova-Batajnica-Beograd Centar-Rakovica-Resnik-Ripanj

Zemun-Beograd Centar-Rakovica-Valjevo

Nova Pazova-Batajnica-Beograd Centar-Rakovica-Resnik-Mladenovac

Stara Pazova-Batajnica-Beograd Centar-Rakovica-Mala KrsnaList of stations (Note that two lines can have same stations in some parts):

Line 1:

Stara Pazova

Nova Pazova

Batajnica

Zemunsko Polje

Zemun

Tošin Bunar

Novi Beograd

Beograd Centar

Karađorđev park (underground)

Vukov Spomenik (underground)

Pančevački most

Krnjača

Sebeš

Ovča

Pančevo Glavna

Pančevo Varoš

Pančevo Strelište

Pančevo VojlovicaLine 2:

Ripanj

Ripanj Kolonija

Pinosava

Resnik

Kijevo

Kneževac

Rakovica

Karađorđev park (underground)

Vukov Spomenik (underground)

Pančevački most

Krnjača

Sebeš

Ovča

Pančevo Glavna

Pančevo Varoš

Pančevo Strelište

Pančevo VojlovicaLine 3:

Stara Pazova

Nova Pazova

Batajnica

Zemunsko Polje

Zemun

Tošin Bunar

Novi Beograd

Beograd Centar

Rakovica

Kneževac

Kijevo

Resnik

Pinosava

Ripanj Kolonija

RipanjLine 4 (Zemun branch):

Zemun

Tošin Bunar

Novi Beograd

Beograd Centar

merge with Pančevo branch at RakovicaLine 4 (Pančevo branch):

Pančevo Glavna

Pančevo Varoš

Ovča

Sebeš

Krnjača

Pančevački most

Vukov Spomenik (underground)

Karađorđev park (underground)

Rakovica

Kneževac

Kijevo

Resnik

Bela Reka

Nenadovac

Barajevo

Barajevo Centar

Veliki Borak

Leskovac Kolubarski

Stepojevac

Vreoci

Lazarevac

Lajkovac

Slovac

Mlađevo

Divci

Lukavac Kolubarski

Iverak

ValjevoLine 5:

Nova Pazova

Batajnica

Zemunsko Polje

Zemun

Tošin Bunar

Novi Beograd

Beograd Centar

Rakovica

Kneževac

Kijevo

Resnik

Pinosava

Ripanj Kolonija

Ripanj

Klenje

Ripanj Tunel

Ralja

Sopot Kosmajski

Vlaško Polje

MladenovacLine 6:

Stara Pazova

Nova Pazova

Batajnica

Zemunsko Polje

Zemun

Tošin Bunar

Novi Beograd

Beograd Centar

Rakovica

Jajinci

Beli Potok

Zuce Stajalište

Zuce

Vrčin

Kasapovac

Lipe

Mala Ivanča

Brestovi

Mali Požarevac

Dražanj–Šepšin

Umčari

Živkovac

Vodanj

Kolari

Ralja Smederevska

Mala Krsna

Memorial Park Jajinci

Memorial Park Jajinci is located on the territory of Belgrade municipality Voždovac, on the 11th kilometre on the way to the Аvala mountain. It was built in the location of the military shooting range used by the Armed Forces of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and which during the Second World War became the place of the terrible suffering of the innocent population on the territory of the occupied Serbia.

Milutin Ivković

Dr. Milutin Ivković (Serbian Cyrillic: Др Mилутин Ивкoвић; March 3, 1906 – 23 May 1943) was a Serbian football defender who played for Yugoslavia at 1928 Summer Olympics and FIFA World Cup 1930. Ivković played as a right-back and was known as Milutinac (Милутинац).

Ostružnica railway station

Ostružnica railway station (Serbian: Железничка станица Остружница) is a railway station of Belgrade railway junction. Located in Ostružnica, Belgrade, Serbia. Railroad continued to Surčin in one, in the other direction to Belgrade marshalling yard "A", in third direction to Belgrade marshalling yard "B", in fourth direction to Jajinci and the fifth direction towards to Resnik. Ostružnica railway station railway station consists of 4 railway tracks.

Peoples' Global Action

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Rakovica railway station

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Resnik, Belgrade

Resnik (Serbian: Ресник, Serbian pronunciation: [rɛ̂ːsnik]) is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Rakovica.

Selo Rakovica

Selo Rakovica (Serbian Cyrillic: Село Раковица) is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Voždovac and should not be confused with the neighborhood of Rakovica in the municipality of the same name.

Stepin Lug

Stepin Lug (Serbian: Степин Луг) or Gaj (Serbian: Гај) is a park-forest and, for the most part, non-residential suburban settlement of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipalities of Voždovac (southern part) and Zvezdara (northern part). It is part of the forest complex Stepin Lug-Baba Velka-Torlak-Jajinci, which is the largest wooden area in Belgrade.

Veliki Mokri Lug

Veliki Mokri Lug (Serbian Cyrillic: Велики Мокри Луг) is an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Zvezdara.

WOMBLES

The WOMBLES (White Overalls Movement Building Libertarian Effective Struggles) are a loosely aligned anarchist and anti-capitalist group based in London. They gained prominence in the early 2000s for wearing white overalls with padding and helmets at protests, mimicking the Italian group Tute Bianche.

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