Jacobin is a democratic socialist quarterly magazine based in New York offering American leftist perspectives on politics, economics, and culture. Articles include pieces on wealth inequality, the power of mass protest, the economic reasons behind Puerto Rico's crisis after Hurricane Maria and (sometimes critical) pieces on unions. Its paid print circulation was 36,000 and its website drew more than a million views a month in 2017. Noam Chomsky has called the magazine "a bright light in dark times".
Issue 11/12 (fall 2013)
|First issue||Winter 2011|
|Based in||New York|
The publication began as an online magazine released in September 2010, but it expanded into a print journal later that year. Jacobin has been described by its founder Bhaskar Sunkara as a radical publication, "largely the product of a younger generation not quite as tied to the Cold War paradigms that sustained the old leftist intellectual milieus like Dissent or New Politics". Sunkara has said that the aim of the magazine was to create a publication which combined resolutely socialist politics with the accessibility of titles such as The Nation and The New Republic. He has also contrasted it to publications associated with small leftist groups, such as the International Socialist Organization's Socialist Worker and International Socialist Review which are oriented towards party members and other revolutionary socialists, seeking a broader audience than those works whilst still anchoring the magazine in a Marxist perspective. In an interview he gave in 2018 Sunkara said that he intended for Jacobin to perform a similar role on the contemporary left to that undertaken by National Review on the post-war right, "to cohere people around a set of ideas, and to interact with the mainstream of liberalism with that set of ideas".
Earlier in 2013, Jacobin Books was announced, a partnership with Verso Books and Random House. A collection of essays by Jacobin contributors was published by Henry Holt and Company in 2016. "Class Action: An Activist Teacher's Handbook", produced in conjunction with the Chicago Teachers Union's CORE Caucus and Jacobin was distributed to trade union activists in the 16 cities in the United States and Canada. Additionally, since the fall of 2014 it has sponsored more than 80 socialist reading groups.
Jacobin's popularity grew with the increasing attention on socialist ideas stimulated by Bernie Sanders' 2016 presidential campaign, with subscriptions tripling from 10,000 in the summer of 2015 to 32,000 as of the first issue of 2017, with 16,000 of the new subscribers being added in the two months after Donald Trump's election.
In the spring of 2017, Jacobin editors collaborated with scholars Vivek Chibber and Robert Brenner to release the academic journal Catalyst: A Journal of Theory and Strategy. In November 2018 the magazine's first foreign-language edition, Jacobin Italia, was launched: Sunkara described it as "a classic franchise model", with the parent publication providing publishing and editorial advice and taking a small slice of revenue, but otherwise granting the Italian magazine autonomy.
The name of the magazine derives from the book The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution by C. L. R. James in which James ascribes the Black Haitian revolutionists a greater purity in regards to their attachment to the ideals of the French Revolution than the French Jacobins. According to creative director Remeike Forbes, the logo was inspired by a scene in the movie Burn! referring to Nicaraguan national hero José Dolores Estrada, but it represents Toussaint Louverture, the best-known leader of the only successful slave revolt in human history.
The magazine's motto "Reason in Revolt" is a reference to a line from "The Internationale".
Notable Jacobin contributors have included Slavoj Žižek, Bob Herbert, Yanis Varoufakis, Hilary Wainwright, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Jeremy Corbyn and Pablo Iglesias Turrión. Sunkara has said he feels that "all of our writers fit within a broad socialist tradition", noting that the magazine does sometimes publish articles by liberals and social democrats, but that such pieces are written from a perspective that is consistent with the magazine's editorial vision, saying that "we might publish a piece by a liberal advocating single-payer healthcare, because they’re calling for the decommodification of a sector; and since we believe in the decommodification of the whole economy, it fits in". In terms of the sociological background of contributors, Sunkara acknowledged that they were mostly under the age of 35 and stated that "there are a lot of grad students, young adjunct professors or tenured professors. We also have quite a few organizers and union researchers involved [...] and people working in NGOs or around housing rights, that kind of thing".
It has been variously described as democratic socialist, socialist and Marxist. According to an article published by the Nieman Journalism Lab, it is a journal of "democratic socialist thought". Writing in the New Statesman, Max Strasser suggested that the journal claims to "take the mantle of Marxist thought of Ralph Miliband and a similar vein of democratic socialism".
In an interview published in New Left Review, Sunkara named a number of ideological influences on the magazine, including Michael Harrington, who he described as "very underrated as a popularizer of Marxist thought"; Ralph Miliband and others influenced by Trotskyism without fully embracing it, such as Leo Panitch; theorists working in the Eurocommunist tradition; and "Second International radicals" including Vladimir Lenin and Karl Kautsky.
In an article published in the Weekly Worker, Jim Creegan highlighted the association of a number of the magazine's editors and writers with the Democratic Socialists of America (DSA), describing Jacobin as "the closest thing to a flagship publication of the DSA left" whilst also stressing the political diversity of contributors, incorporating "everyone from social democratic liberals to avowed revolutionaries". He also noted several features of the publication's editorial stance, namely its rejection of anti-communism; its skepticism regarding the possibility of the Democratic Party being transformed into a social-democratic movement through internal pressure, advocating instead the formation of a mass-based independent labor party; criticism of the parties of the Socialist International, which they argue have been responsible for imposing neoliberal austerity policies; and a conviction that the Nordic model of social democracy is ultimately not viable and that the only alternative to capitalism would be for militant labor and socialist movements to struggle to replace capitalism with socialism.
The New York Times ran a profile of Sunkara in January 2013, commenting on the publication's unexpected success and engagement with mainstream liberalism. In a 2013 article for Tablet Magazine, Michelle Goldberg discussed Jacobin as part of a revival of interest in Marxism among young intellectuals. Jake Blumgart, who contributed to the magazine in its early years, stated that it "found an audience by mixing data-driven analysis and Marxist commentary with an irreverent and accessible style".
Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).Bernd Riexinger
Bernd Riexinger (born 30 October 1955 in Leonberg) is a German politician of the Left Party. He was named co-chairman of the party, together with Katja Kipping, on 2 June 2012.Bhaskar Sunkara
Bhaskar Sunkara (born June 20, 1989) is an American political writer. He is the founding editor and publisher of Jacobin magazine and publisher of Catalyst: A Journal of Theory and Strategy and Tribune. He is a former vice-chair of the Democratic Socialists of America.Declaration (book)
Declaration was originally a self-published electronic pamphlet by Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri on the Occupy movement that was released as a "Kindle single" in May 2012. The book explores the new democratic politics of organization, representation, and resistance that have been inaugurated by the movement. It has since been published in paper form by Argo-Navis.
An excerpt from the introduction was published in Jacobin magazine under the title "Take Up the Baton".Jack Reagan
John Edward "Jack" Reagan (July 13, 1883 – May 18, 1941) was the father of radio station manager Neil Reagan (1908–1996) and Ronald Reagan (1911–2004), motion picture actor, 33rd Governor of California, and 40th President of the United States of AmericaJacobin (disambiguation)
Jacobin may refer to:
Jacobin (politics), a member of the Jacobin club, or political radical, generally
The Jacobin, an opera by Antonín Dvořák
The Jacobin Club, a political club during the French Revolution
Jacobin (magazine), an American leftist political magazine.
Jacobin (pigeon), a breed of domestic pigeon
Danish Jacobin, a breed of domestic pigeon
Jacobin violet, another name for the French wine grape Pascal blanc
Jacobin (hummingbird), two species of hummingbirds from the genus Florisuga
Dominican Order, the Catholic religious order known in France as the Jacobin Order
The Black Jacobins, a book about the Haitian revolution by C.L.R. James.Jacobin (politics)
A Jacobin (French pronunciation: [ʒakɔbɛ̃]) was a member of the Jacobin Club, a revolutionary political movement that was the most famous political club during the French Revolution (1789–99). The club was so called because of the Dominican convent in Paris in the Rue Saint-Jacques (Latin: Jacobus) where they originally met.
Today, the terms Jacobin and Jacobinism are used in a variety of senses. In France, Jacobin now generally indicates a supporter of a centralized republican state and strong central government powers and/or supporters of extensive government intervention to transform society. Jacobin is sometimes used in Britain as a pejorative for radical, left-wing revolutionary politics (English: ), especially when it exhibits dogmatism and violent repression.Jailbird
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Jailbird includes a cameo by Kilgore Trout, a recurring Vonnegutian character known for writing science fiction novels and short stories. Unlike other versions of the character, this "Kilgore Trout" is revealed to be the pseudonym of a character in prison, deliberately contradicting the autobiographical details of Trout's life in other Vonnegut novels. This is an example of Vonnegut using the unreliable narrator narration device.Mary Hays
Mary Hays (1759–1843) was an autodidact intellectual who published essays, poetry, novels, and several works on famous (and infamous) women. She is remembered for her early feminism, and her close relations to dissenting and radical thinkers of her time including Robert Robinson, Mary Wollstonecraft, William Godwin, and William Frend. She was born in 1759, into a family of Protestant dissenters who rejected the practices of the Church of England (the established church). Hays was described by those who disliked her as 'the baldest disciple of [Mary] Wollstonecraft' by The Anti Jacobin Magazine, attacked as an 'unsex'd female' by clergyman Robert Polwhele, and provoked controversy through her long life with her rebellious writings. When Hays's fiancé John Eccles died on the eve of their marriage, Hays expected to die of grief herself. But this apparent tragedy meant that she escaped an ordinary future as wife and mother, remaining unmarried. She seized the chance to make a career for herself in the larger world as a writer.Hays was influenced by Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, and after writing admiringly to her, the two women became friends. The backlash following Wollstonecraft's death and posthumous publication of her Memoirs impacted Hays' later work, which some scholars have called more conservative. Among these later productions is the six-volume compendium Female Biography: or Memoirs of Illustrious and Celebrated Women of All Ages and Countries, in which Wollstonecraft is not mentioned, although Hays had written an extensive obituary for The Annual Necrology shortly after Godwin's controversial Memoirs. If Wollstonecraft was neglected through the nineteenth century, Hays and her writing received even less critical evaluation or academic attention until the twentieth-century's emerging feminist movement.McMansion Hell
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Robert Paul Brenner (; born November 28, 1943) is a professor emeritus of history and director of the Center for Social Theory and Comparative History at UCLA, editor of the socialist journal Against the Current, and editorial committee member of New Left Review. His research interests are Early Modern European History; economic, social and religious history; agrarian history; social theory/Marxism; and Tudor–Stuart England.He has contributed to a debate among Marxists on the "Transition from Feudalism to Capitalism," emphasizing the importance of the transformation of agricultural production in Europe, especially in the English countryside, rather than the rise of international trade as the main cause of the transition. His influential 1976 article on "Agrarian class structure and economic development in pre-industrial Europe" set forth the controversial "Brenner thesis." He argued that smallholding peasants had strong property rights and had little incentive to give up traditional technology or go beyond local markets, and thus no incentive toward capitalism.
In the spring of 2017, Brenner and Vivek Chibber assumed editorial duties and co-launched the academic journal Catalyst: A Journal of Theory and Strategy, with the assistance of Jacobin Magazine.Theodore Hamm
Theodore Hamm (born September 14, 1966, in Chicago) is an American author, writer and the
founding editor of the New York City-based literary and culture tabloid The Brooklyn Rail. Hamm currently serves as the director of the Journalism and New Media Studies program at St. Joseph's College, in Clinton Hill, Brooklyn.To a Young Ass
To a Young Ass was composed by Samuel Taylor Coleridge in 1794. The poem describes Coleridge's sympathies for animals and the connection to nature he felt as part of his idea of Pantisocracy. It was later used as a means to mock him.Vivek Chibber
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In 2017, Chibber launched Catalyst: A Journal of Theory and Strategy, with Robert Brenner, published by Jacobin magazine.Walter Benn Michaels
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