Nathaniel Charles Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild, OM, GBE, FRCA, Hon FKC, Hon FBA (born 29 April 1936) is a British investment banker and a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family. He is also honorary president of the Institute for Jewish Policy Research.
The Lord Rothschild
Nathaniel Charles Jacob Rothschild
29 April 1936
Berkshire, United Kingdom
|Education||First in history|
|Alma mater||Eton College|
Christ Church, Oxford
|Known for||Rothschild banking family of England|
|Height||1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|Title||4th Baron Rothschild|
(m. 1961; died 2019)
|Children||Hannah Mary (b. 1962) |
Beth Matilda (b. 1964)
Emily "Emmy" Magda (b. 1967)
Nathaniel Philip Victor James (b. 1971)
|Parent(s)||Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild |
Barbara Judith Hutchinson
Born in Berkshire, England. he is the eldest son of Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild by his first wife Barbara Judith Rothschild (née Hutchinson). His father was born into a Jewish family, while his mother converted to Orthodox Judaism when they married. Rothschild was educated at Eton College and then at Christ Church, Oxford, where he gained a First in history, tutored by Hugh Trevor-Roper.
From 1963 Rothschild worked at the family bank N M Rothschild & Sons in London, before resigning in 1980 due to a family dispute. The chairmanship of the bank had passed from his father, who had chosen to follow a scientific career and had lost control of the majority voting shares, to his cousin Sir Evelyn Robert de Rothschild, and Jacob felt that his aspirations would be thwarted. He sold his minority stake in the bank, but took independent control of Rothschild Investment Trust (now RIT Capital Partners plc), an investment trust listed on the London Stock Exchange.
After resigning from the bank in 1980, Jacob Rothschild went on to found J. Rothschild Assurance Group (now St. James's Place plc) with Sir Mark Weinberg in 1991. In 1989, he joined forces with Sir James Goldsmith and Kerry Packer, in an unsuccessful bid for British American Tobacco.
Rothschild is Chairman of RIT Capital Partners plc, one of the largest investment trusts quoted on the London Stock Exchange with a net asset value of about £2 billion. He is Chairman of J Rothschild Capital Management, a subsidiary of RIT Capital Partners plc. He also retains many other venture capital and property interests.
From November 2003 until his retirement in 2008, he was Deputy Chairman of BSkyB Television and until 2008 he was a Director of RHJ International. He has also been a Member of the Council for the Duchy of Cornwall for the Prince of Wales and a member of the International Advisory Board of The Blackstone Group.
In November 2010, an undisclosed entity affiliated with Rothschild purchased a 5.0% equity interest in Genie Energy, a subsidiary of IDT Corporation, for $10.0 million. In 2013, Genie Energy was granted exclusive oil and gas exploration rights to a 153-square mile area in the southern part of the Golan Heights.
From his headquarters in St James's Place in London, Jacob Rothschild has cultivated clients, business associates and friends who have extended his interests beyond the normal scope of a banker. He maintains personal and business links with Henry Kissinger.
His country estate has been a venue for visiting heads of state including Presidents Ronald Reagan and Bill Clinton. Margaret Thatcher received French President François Mitterrand there at a summit in 1990. He hosted the European Economic Round Table conference in 2002, attended by James Wolfensohn, former president of the World Bank, Nicky Oppenheimer, Warren Buffett and Arnold Schwarzenegger.
He commissioned the 2015 RIBA Award winner Flint House on the Waddesdon Manor estate in Buckinghamshire, UK. Rothschild donated the property to the Rothschild Foundation which manages the rest of the estate for the National Trust.
Jacob Rothschild has played a prominent part in Arts philanthropy in Britain. He was Chairman of Trustees of the National Gallery from 1985 to 1991, and from 1992 to 1998, chairman of the National Heritage Memorial Fund. From 1994 to 1998, and at the invitation of the Prime Minister, he was chairman of the British National Heritage Lottery Fund responsible for distributing the proceeds of the National Lottery to the heritage sector, an influential post which oversaw the distribution of £1.2 billion in grants.
In the past, he has also been a Trustee of the State Hermitage Museum of St Petersburg (retired 2008); a Trustee of the Qatar Museums Authority (retired 2010); Chairman of the Pritzker Prize for Architecture (2002–2004); Chairman of both the Gilbert Collection Trust and the Hermitage Development Trust, Somerset House; a Trustee and Honorary Fellow of the Courtauld Institute, Somerset House; and a Fellow, Benefactor, and member of the Visitors' Committees of the Ashmolean Museum Oxford (retired 2008). In 2014, he received the J. Paul Getty Medal "for extraordinary achievement in the fields of museology, art historical research, philanthropy, conservation and conservation science".
He was especially active in the project to restore Somerset House in London, for which he helped secure the Gilbert Collection and ensured the long-term future of the Courtauld Institute of Art. As a private project, he carried out the restoration of Spencer House, one of the finest surviving 18th century London townhouses, adjacent to his own offices.
In 1988 he inherited from his aunt Dorothy de Rothschild, the Waddesdon and Eythrope estates in Buckinghamshire, and began a close association with Waddesdon Manor, the house and grounds which were built by Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild in the 1880s and bequeathed to the National Trust in 1957 by his cousin, James A. de Rothschild. He has been a major benefactor of the restoration of Waddesdon Manor through a private family charitable trust and, in an unusual arrangement, has been given authority by the National Trust to run Waddesdon Manor as a semi-independent operation. The cellars at Waddesdon Manor house his personal collection of 15,000 bottles of Rothschild wines dating as far back as 1870.
Open to the public, Waddesdon attracted over 466,000 visitors in 2018, with 157,000 visiting the house in 2015. Waddesdon has won many awards over the last 20 years, including Visit England's "Large Visitor Attraction of the Year" category in 2017,Museum of the Year Award and Best National Trust Property.
In 1993 he joined with John Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury of Preston Candover to set up the Butrint Foundation to record and conserve the archaeological site of Butrint in Albania, close to his holiday home on Corfu. Today, Jacob remains Chairman of the Butrint Foundation.
Jacob Rothschild has also followed the Rothschild family's charitable interests in Israel and was the chairman of Yad Hanadiv, the family foundation which gave the Knesset and the Supreme Court buildings to Israel between 1989-2018. He is also president of The Rothschild Foundation (Hanadiv) Europe, and Patron and Chairman of the Board of Trustees of The Rothschild Foundation. In addition, he is Honorary President of the Institute for Jewish Policy Research.
Furthermore, he has served as a Member of the Arts & Humanities Research Board, set up by the British Government, is an honorary fellow of the British Academy and a Trustee of the Prince of Wales’ Prince’s Charities Foundation.
In the past, he has been a Member of the UK Main Honours Board, (retired 2008); Chairman of the Honours Committee for Arts and Media (retired 2008); Trustee of the Edmond J Safra Foundation (retired 2010); and a Member of committee of the Henry J Kravis Prize for Creative Philanthropy (retired 2010).
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
| Baron Rothschild
Nathaniel Philip Rothschild
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
(of Tring Park)
Nathaniel Philip Rothschild
Amschel Mayor James Rothschild (18 April 1955 – 8 July 1996) was the executive chairman of Rothschild Asset Management of the Rothschild banking family of England.Baron Rothschild
Baron Rothschild, of Tring in the County of Hertfordshire, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1885 for Sir Nathan Rothschild, 2nd Baronet, a member of the Rothschild banking family. He was the first Jewish member of the House of Lords not to have previously converted to Christianity. The current holder of the title is Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild, who inherited the title in 1990.Dorothy de Rothschild
Dorothy Mathilde de Rothschild (née Pinto, 7 March 1895 – 10 December 1988) was an English philanthropist and activist for Jewish affairs who married into the wealthy international Rothschild family.
Known to her friends as "Dolly", she married her cousin James Armand de Rothschild (known as Jimmy) at the age of 17 in 1913. He was 35 years old, the son of Edmond James de Rothschild of the Paris branch of the Rothschild family. In 1922 James de Rothschild inherited Waddesdon Manor in Buckinghamshire. This became their country home. They also had a London house in St James's Square.
Dorothy de Rothschild assisted her husband in his political campaigns, particularly from 1929 to 1945 when he was Liberal Member of Parliament for the Isle of Ely constituency.
After his death in 1957, Waddesdon Manor was bequeathed to the National Trust, but the surrounding estate and smaller mansion at Eythrope in Buckinghamshire were retained by Mrs. de Rothschild and bequeathed to her husband's great nephew Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild. She remained a strong influence on the preservation and development of the house and collections at Waddesdon.
Dorothy de Rothschild continued the Zionist interests of her father-in-law and husband, and was a close friend of Chaim Weizmann. She became chairman of Yad Hanadiv, the Rothschild family charities in Israel, and saw through her husband's gift of funds to build the Knesset and her own gift of the Supreme Court of Israel building.
At her death in 1988, she left £94,117,964 (equivalent to £247.9 million in 2018), the largest probated estate to that date in England and Wales.Dunn baronets
There have been three creations of baronetcies for people with the surname Dunn; all three were in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. The first was settled on William Dunn of Lakenheath, Suffolk, after whom the Sir William Dunn Professor of Biochemistry and the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology at Oxford University are named. This creation became extinct upon his death in 1912.
A second creation was made in 1917 for William Henry Dunn, Lord Mayor of London. This creation became extinct upon the death of the second baronet in 1971.
The third and final creation was in 1921 for James Hamet Dunn, 1st Baronet, the Canadian financier and industrialist. This creation became extinct in 1976.Eythrope
Eythrope (previously Ethorp) is a hamlet and country house in the parish of Waddesdon, in Buckinghamshire, England. It is located to the south east of the main village of Waddesdon. It was bought in the 1870s by a branch of the Rothschild family, and belongs to them to this day.
Eythrope is Grade II listed on the National Heritage List for England, and its gardens are also grade II listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.Flint House, Buckinghamshire
Flint House is a domestic dwelling located on the Waddesdon Estate, Buckinghamshire, England. The building was commissioned by Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild, and completed in 2015, winning that year's RIBA House of the Year Award. The architect was Charlotte Skene Catling, a partner of Skene Catling de la Peña. The stones for the exterior were hand knapped by master flint knapper, John Lord, in Norfolk. The interiors were decorated and furnished by David Mlinaric, using an eclectic mix of modern contemporary pieces and older items from the Rothschild collection. The ethos of the house is that it blends and harmonises with the surrounding landscape and environment.
The site chosen for the house, is an isolated spot at the heart of the Waddesdon estate in open countryside surrounded by grass pastures and arable fields. It can be accessed only by a narrow unmetalled track. While the house is only a few hundred metres from its nearest neighbours, the new Rothschild Archive building and a farm cottage, a fold in the landscape prevents sight of another building from the house and enhances the sense of isolation and of being as one with nature.
The house has been described by its architect as "jutting from the ground like a collision of tectonic plates".The house was given to the Rothschild Foundation, and is used to accommodate visitors including academics and artists working on projects at Waddesdon Manor, and the Rothschild Getty Fellow when at Waddesdon. It can be visited by arrangement at certain times.Hannah Mary Rothschild
Hannah Mary Rothschild CBE (born 22 May 1962) is a British writer, businesswoman, philanthropist and documentary filmmaker. She also serves on the boards of various organizations. In August 2015, she became the first female to Chair of the Board of Trustees of the National Gallery in London; after an extension of her term she resigned in 2019.Institute for Jewish Policy Research
The Institute for Jewish Policy Research (JPR), founded as the Institute of Jewish Affairs, is a London-based research institute and think tank. It specializes in contemporary Jewish affairs, with a particular focus on Jews in Britain and across Europe. It is responsible for most of the recent data that exist on Jews in Britain, and one of its reports is a study of Jews in Britain based on the 2001 UK Census data, an analysis of the attitudes of Jews in Britain towards Israel, an extensive study of child poverty and deprivation in the British Jewish community and the first National Jewish Student Survey. Its recent think-tank activities have included "Res Publica: The European Common Good," and "New Conceptions of Community." JPR also runs a public education programme, and has hosted lectures from Chief Rabbi Lord Sacks, James Wolfenson, Professor Jonathan Sarna and Professor Zygmunt Bauman.
Its current programme includes a National Jewish Community Survey in the UK, and a European Union sponsored study of Jewish perceptions and experiences of antisemitism across Europe.
The Institute was founded in New York in 1941, under the auspices of the World Jewish Congress and the American Jewish Congress. It moved to London in 1965, and was refounded as the Institute for Jewish Policy Research in February 1996.It is a registered charity under English law and it exists to provide "policy-related research and analysis for individuals and organizations concerned with the enhancement of contemporary Jewish life." Its honorary president is Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild, its chairman is Stephen Moss, and its executive director is Dr Jonathan Boyd. Previous directors of the institute include Professor Barry Kosmin, and Antony Lerman.Lady Rothschild
Lady Rothschild may refer to:
Emma Louise von Rothschild (1844–1935), wife of Nathan Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild
Barbara Judith Hutchinson (1911–1989), first wife of Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild between 1933–1946
Teresa Rothschild (1915–1996), second wife of Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild
Serena Rothschild (1935–2019), wife of Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron RothschildList of University of Oxford people in business
This is a list of people from the University of Oxford involved from the world of business. Many were students at one (or more) of the colleges of the University, and others held fellowships at a college.
This list forms part of a series of lists of people associated with the University of Oxford – for other lists, please see the main article List of University of Oxford people.Nathaniel Philip Rothschild
Nathaniel Philip Victor James Rothschild (born 12 July 1971) is a British-born financier who settled in Switzerland, and a member of the Rothschild family. He was co-chairman of Asia Resource Minerals PLC, a natural resources group that he helped create and that is listed on the London Stock Exchange. He was co-chairman of the hedge fund Atticus Capital from 1996 until its dissolution in 2009. He has a wide range of international business interests.
He is the heir apparent to the title of Baron Rothschild, held by his father.Nathaniel Rothschild
Nathaniel Rothschild may refer to:
Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777–1836), British banker
Nathaniel de Rothschild (1812–1870), banker and vintner, Château Mouton Rothschild
Nathaniel Meyer von Rothschild (1836–1905), member of the Rothschild banking family of Austria
Nathan Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild (1840–1915), British banker and politician
Nathaniel Charles Rothschild (1877–1923), British banker and entomologist
Nathaniel Charles Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild (b. 1936), British investment banker
Nathaniel Philip Rothschild (b. 1971), British investor, former co-chairman of Atticus CapitalNew Court
New Court (also known as The Rothschild Headquarters) is a collection of proximate buildings having served as the global headquarters of the Rothschild investment bank since 1809. The current building is the fourth incarnation of the Rothschild offices at the same street address. Until 2004, the world price of gold was fixed daily at this building.RIT Capital Partners
RIT Capital Partners plc, formerly Rothschild Investment Trust, is a large British investment trust dedicated to investments in quoted securities and quoted special situations. Established in 1961, the company is a list on London Stock Exchange and the FTSE 250 Index. The Chairman is Lord Rothschild.Serena Rothschild
Serena Mary Rothschild, Baroness Rothschild (née Dunn; 28 April 1935 – 13 January 2019) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse owner and the wife of Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild.Spencer House, London
Spencer House at 27 St James's Place is a mansion in St James's, London, England, and is held from the owner (Earl Spencer) by Lord Rothschild on a long lease.
The house was commissioned by John, 1st Earl Spencer, in 1756, the Earl requiring a large townhouse to cement his position and status. The architect he chose was John Vardy who had studied under William Kent. Vardy is responsible for the facades of the mansion that we see today. The house is Grade I listed on the National Heritage List for England.Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild
Nathaniel Mayer Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild, (31 October 1910 – 20 March 1990) was a senior executive with Royal Dutch Shell and N M Rothschild & Sons, an advisor to the Edward Heath and Margaret Thatcher governments of the UK, as well as a member of the prominent Rothschild family.Waddesdon
Waddesdon is a village within the Aylesbury Vale district in Buckinghamshire, England, 6 miles from Aylesbury on the A41 road. The centre of a civil parish, which also includes the hamlets of Eythrope and Wormstone, Waddesdon was an agricultural settlement with milling, silk weaving and lace making enterprises.Waddesdon Manor
Waddesdon Manor is a country house in the village of Waddesdon, in Buckinghamshire, England. It is located in the Aylesbury Vale, 6.6 miles (10.6 km) west of Aylesbury. The Grade I listed house was built in the Neo-Renaissance style of a French château between 1874 and 1889 for Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild (1839–1898) as a weekend residence for grand entertaining and as a setting for his collection.
The last member of the Rothschild family to own Waddesdon was James de Rothschild (1878–1957). He bequeathed the house and its contents to the National Trust. It is now managed by the Rothschild Foundation chaired by Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild. It is one of the National Trust's most visited properties, with over 466,000 visitors in 2018, Waddesdon Manor won Visit England's Large Visitor Attraction of the Year category in 2017.
|Created by King George III|
|Created by The Prince Regent|
|Created by King George IV|
|Created by King William IV|
|Created by Queen Victoria|
|Created by King Edward VII|
|Created by King George V|
|Created by King Edward VIII|
|Created by King George VI|
|Created by Queen Elizabeth II|
* Current title holders, listed by date of creation, from earliest to most recent
Italics in entries mean the titleholder also holds a previously listed earldom of greater precedence
The Baron Grimston, The Baron Renwick, The Baron St Helens and The Baron Margadale cede precedence to the earlier-created life peer The Baron Chalfont