Jack W. Mathis

Jack Warren Mathis (September 25, 1921 – March 18, 1943) was a United States Army Air Forces officer and a recipient of the Medal of Honor, the United States military's highest decoration, for his actions in World War II.

Jack W Mathis
05 mathis crewRight
(Back-row, Far Right)
BornSeptember 25, 1921
San Angelo, Texas
DiedMarch 18, 1943 (aged 21)
Bremen-Vegesack
Place of burial
Fairmont Cemetery in San Angelo, Texas
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branchUS Army Air Corps Hap Arnold Wings.svg United States Army Air Forces
Years of service1940 - 1943
RankUS ARMY 1LT.gif First Lieutenant
Unit359th Bombardment Squadron, 303rd Bomb Group (Heavy)
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsMedal of Honor ribbon.svg Medal of Honor
Purple Heart ribbon.svg Purple Heart

Biography

Mathis was born on September 25, 1921, in San Angelo, Texas, and grew up in nearby Sterling City. He enlisted in the Army on June 12, 1940, and served in an artillery unit at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, until he learned that his brother Mark had enlisted in the then-U.S. Army Air Corps.

Mathis transferred into his brother's unit and began aviation cadet training at Goodfellow Field in San Angelo. Both were trained as bombardiers and commissioned as Second Lieutenants upon graduation. Jack Mathis was assigned to the 303d Bombardment Group of the Eighth Air Force in England, where he flew 14 missions.

On March 18, 1943, Mathis was lead bombardier on a mission over Bremen-Vegesack, Germany. As lead bombardier it was his responsibility to direct the bombing of the entire squadron. An exploding antiaircraft shell sent fragments into Mathis' plane, shattering his right arm and severely wounding him in the right side and abdomen. Despite being mortally wounded, Mathis propped himself over the Norden bombsight, located the target and dropped his bombs. He died at his post, but had directed the mission's bombing with great precision, and for his actions was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.

Mark Mathis was on base when the plane carrying his brother's body landed after the mission. At his own request, Mark Mathis was transferred into Jack Mathis' crew to replace him as bombardier. When the crew completed its tour of duty, Mark Mathis stayed in combat and was killed in action over the North Sea in May 1943. Jack Mathis is buried in Fairmount Cemetery in San Angelo, Texas, and his Medal of Honor is on display at the National Museum of the United States Air Force at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio. The sports and fitness center at Goodfellow Air Force Base in San Angelo, Texas was named in his honor in 1966. Mathis Municipal Airport in San Angelo was named in honor of both Mathis brothers in 1988.

Medal of Honor citation

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Corps, 359th Bomb Squadron, 303d Bomb Group. Place and date: Over Vegesack, Germany, March 18, 1943. Entered service at: San Angelo, Tex. Born: September 25, 1921, San Angelo, Tex. G.O. No.: 38, July 12, 1943.

Citation:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy over Vegesack, Germany, on March 18, 1943. 1st Lt. Mathis, as leading bombardier of his squadron, flying through intense and accurate antiaircraft fire, was just starting his bomb run, upon which the entire squadron depended for accurate bombing, when he was hit by the enemy antiaircraft fire. His right arm was shattered above the elbow, a large wound was torn in his side and abdomen, and he was knocked from his bomb sight to the rear of the bombardier's compartment. Realizing that the success of the mission depended upon him, 1st Lt. Mathis, by sheer determination and willpower, though mortally wounded, dragged himself back to his sights, released his bombs, then died at his post of duty. As the result of this action the airplanes of his bombardment squadron placed their bombs directly upon the assigned target for a perfect attack against the enemy. 1st Lt. Mathis' undaunted bravery has been a great inspiration to the officers and men of his unit.[1]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Jack W. Mathis, Medal of Honor recipient". World War II (M-S). U.S Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. Retrieved December 10, 2007.

References

303rd Air Expeditionary Group

The 303rd Air Expeditionary Group is a provisional United States Air Force unit. In 2011, it was assigned to United States Air Forces Europe to activate or inactivate as needed.

The unit was first activated as the 303rd Bombardment Group in February 1942. During World War II, the 303rd was one of the first VIII Bomber Command B-17 Flying Fortress units in England. The group's "Hell's Angels" is recognized by the USAF as the first B-17 to complete 25 combat missions in the ETO on May 13, 1943, six days before the Memphis Belle, though 12 days after Delta Rebel 2. The group went on to fly more than 300 combat missions, more than any other B-17 group in the theater. The B-17 "Knock-out Dropper" was the first aircraft in Eighth Air Force to complete 50, then 75 missions. The group was awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation for completing an attack against a heavily defended target in January 1944.

The group was twice activated for brief periods by Strategic Air Command (SAC). During the first of these periods, from July 1947 to September 1948, the group was not equipped or manned. It was again activated at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona in September 1951. However, SAC reorganized its combat wings to assign operational squadrons directly to the wing headquarters in June 1952 and the group was again inactivated.

Air Force Materiel Command activated the Global Hawk Systems Group in January 2005 during a reorganization called the Air Force Materiel Command Transformation to manage the acquisition and development of the Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk. This group was consolidated with the 303rd as the 303rd Aeronautical Systems Group in June 2006. The consolidated group was inactivated in June 2010 when AF Materiel Command returned to its traditional directorate systems management organization.

359th Bombardment Squadron

The 359th Bombardment Squadron was a United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 303d Bombardment Wing, stationed at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona. It was inactivated on 15 June 1964.

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engined heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC). Competing against Douglas and Martin for a contract to build 200 bombers, the Boeing entry (prototype Model 299/XB-17) outperformed both competitors and exceeded the air corps' performance specifications. Although Boeing lost the contract (to the Douglas B-18 Bolo) because the prototype crashed, the air corps ordered 13 more B-17s for further evaluation. From its introduction in 1938, the B-17 Flying Fortress evolved through numerous design advances, becoming the third-most produced bomber of all time, behind the four-engined B-24 and the multirole, twin-engined Ju 88.

The B-17 was primarily employed by the USAAF in the daylight strategic bombing campaign of World War II against German industrial and military targets. The United States Eighth Air Force, based at many airfields in central, eastern and southern England, and the Fifteenth Air Force, based in Italy, complemented the RAF Bomber Command's nighttime area bombing in the Combined Bomber Offensive to help secure air superiority over the cities, factories and battlefields of Western Europe in preparation for the invasion of France in 1944. The B-17 also participated to a lesser extent in the War in the Pacific, early in World War II, where it conducted raids against Japanese shipping and airfields.From its prewar inception, the USAAC (by June 1941, the USAAF) promoted the aircraft as a strategic weapon; it was a relatively fast, high-flying, long-range bomber with heavy defensive armament at the expense of bombload. It developed a reputation for toughness based upon stories and photos of badly damaged B-17s safely returning to base. The B-17 dropped more bombs than any other U.S. aircraft in World War II. Of approximately 1.5 million tons of bombs dropped on Nazi Germany and its occupied territories by U.S. aircraft, over 640,000 tons were dropped from B-17s. In addition to its role as a bomber, the B-17 was also employed as a transport, antisubmarine aircraft, drone controller, and search-and-rescue aircraft.

As of October 2019, 9 aircraft remain airworthy, though none of them were ever flown in combat. Dozens more are in storage or on static display. The oldest of these is a D-series flown in combat in the Pacific and the Caribbean.

Index of World War II articles (J)

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J. Aird Nesbitt

J. Allen Frear Jr.

J. B. Stoner

J. Braid

J. C. Gilbert

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Jørgen Kieler

Jørstad River bridge sabotage

Jaap Boot

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Jabit III (B-29)

Jacek Jędruch

Jack Aeby

Jack Agazarian

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Jack Baldwin (RAF officer)

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Jack Miller, USMC

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Jack Ridley

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Jack Wong Sue

Jackboot Mutiny

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Japanese gunboat Hozu

Japanese gunboat Katada

Japanese gunboat Kotaka

Japanese gunboat Seta

Japanese gunboat Sumida

Japanese gunboat Toba

Japanese gunboat Tsukushi

Japanese holdout

Japanese Instrument of Surrender

Japanese Invasion of Malaya

Japanese Invasion of Thailand

Japanese ironclad Kōtetsu

Japanese ironclad warship Fusō

Japanese marine paratroopers of World War II

Japanese militarism

Japanese Military Propaganda (WWII)

Japanese military strategies in 1942

Japanese military yen

Japanese minelayer Itsukushima

Japanese minelayer Yaeyama

Japanese mining and energy resources (WWII)

Japanese Northern China Area Army

Japanese occupation of Burma

Japanese occupation of Guam

Japanese occupation of Hong Kong

Japanese occupation of Indonesia

Japanese occupation of Malaya

Japanese occupation of British Borneo

Japanese occupation of Singapore

Japanese orphans in China

Japanese prisoners of war in the Soviet Union

Japanese raiders in Indian Ocean Campaign

Japanese Relocation (1942 film)

Japanese seaplane carrier Wakamiya

Japanese Second Area Army

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Japanese Seventeenth Area Army

Japanese Seventh Area Army

Japanese ship naming conventions

Japanese Sixteenth Area Army

Japanese Sixth Area Army

Japanese Sixth Army

Japanese Southern China Area Army

Japanese Special Attack Units

Japanese Special Naval Landing Forces

Japanese submarine I-1

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Japanese submarine I-168

Japanese submarine I-17

Japanese submarine I-177

Japanese submarine I-19

Japanese submarine I-21

Japanese submarine I-25

Japanese submarine I-26

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Japanese submarine I-30

Japanese submarine I-34

Japanese submarine I-52 (1943)

Japanese submarine I-8

Japanese submarine RO-45

Japanese Surrendered Personnel

Japanese Tenth Area Army

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Japanese Third Army

Japanese Thirteenth Area Army

Japanese torpedo boat Kotaka

Japanese torpedo boat Tomozuru

Japanese Twelfth Area Army

Japanese War Crimes: Murder Under The Sun

Japanese war crimes

Japanese war tuba

Japanese warship Asahi Maru

Japanese warship Hōō Maru

Japanese warship Hōshō

Japanese warship Kanrin Maru

Japanese warship Kasuga (1862)

Japanese warship Moshun

Japanese warship San Buena Ventura

Japanese warship San Juan Bautista

Japanese warship Shohei Maru

Japanese World War II destroyers

Japhet N'Doram

Jaques of London

Jardin d'Acclimatation

Jardin de Tivoli, Paris

Jardin des Plantes

Jardin du Luxembourg

Jardin Turc

Jarosław Dąbrowski

Jaroslav Jiřík

Jaroslav Krejčí

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Jascha Horenstein

Jasenovac concentration camp

Jasenovac i Gradiška Stara

Jasmin (Paris Métro)

Jason Robards

Jasper Maskelyne

Jassy–Kishinev Offensive (August 1944)

Jasta 11

Jaurès (Paris Métro)

Javel - André Citroën (Paris Métro)

Javad Hakimli

Jawaharlal Nehru

Jay-Jay Okocha

Jay Hebert

Jay Humphry

Jay Pierrepont Moffat

Jay T. Robbins

Jay U. Gunter

Jay Williams (author)

Jay Zeamer Jr.

JB-2 Launch Site (USA)

Je suis partout

Jean-Étienne-Marie Portalis

Jean-Étienne Valluy

Jean-Antoine Chaptal

Jean-Antoine de Mesmes

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot

Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset

Jean-Baptiste Berlier

Jean-Baptiste Biot

Jean-Baptiste Claude Eugène Guillaume

Jean-Baptiste Colbert

Jean-Baptiste Corneille

Jean-Baptiste de La Curne de Sainte-Palaye

Jean-Baptiste Dubos

Jean-Baptiste Dumas

Jean-Baptiste Dureau de la Malle

Jean-Baptiste Gail

Jean-Baptiste Henri Lacordaire

Jean-Baptiste Isabey

Jean-Baptiste Janssens

Jean-Baptiste Labat

Jean-Baptiste Lafond

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvrai

Jean-Baptiste Mimiague

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Jean-Baptiste Say

Jean-Baptiste Vivien de Châteaubrun

Jean-Bernard Raimond

Jean-Charles de Borda

Jean-Charles Trouabal

Jean-Christophe Grangé

Jean-Christophe Thomas

Jean-Christophe Thouvenel

Jean-Christophe Yoccoz

Jean-Claude Bras

Jean-Claude Killy

Jean-Claude Lemoult

Jean-Claude Osman

Jean-Claude Pressac

Jean-Claude Suaudeau

Jean-Daniel Dätwyler

Jean-Denis Bredin

Jean-Dominique Bauby

Jean-François Beltramini

Jean-François Bizot

Jean-François Champollion

Jean-François de La Harpe

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Jean-François Leriget de La Faye

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Jean-François Marmontel

Jean-Félix Adolphe Gambart

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Jean-Guy Gauthier

Jean-Henri Gourgaud

Jean-Hugues Ateba

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Jean-Jacques Eydelie

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Jean-Jacques Lefranc, marquis de Pompignan

Jean-Jacques Pierre

Jean-Jacques Renouard de Villayer

Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber

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Jean-Joseph Carriès

Jean-Joseph Languet de Gergy

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Jean-Louis-Paul-François, 5th duc de Noailles

Jean-Louis Barrault

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Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac

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Jean-Louis Tixier-Vignancour

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Jean-Luc Sassus

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Jean-Marc Nattier

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Jean-Marie Rouart

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Jean-Michel Badiane

Jean-Michel Ferri

Jean-Michel Larqué

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Jean-Noël Huck

Jean-Noël Jeanneney

Jean-Paul Bertrand-Demanes

Jean-Paul Rostagni

Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Philippe Fleurian

Jean-Pierre-André Amar

Jean-Pierre Abel-Rémusat

Jean-Pierre Adams

Jean-Pierre Aumont

Jean-Pierre Azéma

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Jean-Pierre Cortot

Jean-Pierre Dantan

Jean-Pierre Dogliani

Jean-Pierre Jabouille

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Jean-Pierre Sauvage

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Jean-Pierre Timbaud

Jean-Pierre Tokoto

Jean-Pierre Vernant

Jean-Pierre Wimille

Jean-Rodolphe Perronet

Jean-Roland Malet

Jean-Sifrein Maury

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Jean-Yves Le Gallou

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Jean Aicard

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Jean Ces

Jean Chalgrin

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Jean Daniélou

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Jean Jérome

Jean le Rond d'Alembert

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Jean Martin

Jean Mistler

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Jean Wicki

Jean Ybarnegaray

Jean, duc de Decazes

Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

Jeanette Wohl

Jeanne Balibar

Jeanne Coroller-Danio

Jeanne Delvair

Jeanne Hébuterne

Jeanne Loriod

Jeanne Moreau

Jeanne Paquin

Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston

JEATH War Museum

Jedwabne pogrom

Jeff Cooper (colonel)

Jeff Davis Woodson

Jefferson in Paris

Jefferson J. DeBlanc

Jeffrey Hamm

Jeffrey Herf

Jeffrey Hunter

Jehan Alain

Jenkin Robert Oswald Thompson

Jennifer Azzi

Jenny-Wanda Barkmann

Jens Christian Hauge

Jens Hundseid

Jens Müller

Jerome War Relocation Center

Jerrold R. Zacharias

Jerry (WWII)

Jerry Atkinson

Jerry Coleman

Jerry D. Page

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Jerrycan

Jerzy Braun

Jerzy Einhorn

Jerzy Ficowski

Jerzy Jan Lerski

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Jerzy Niezbrzycki

Jerzy Różycki

Jerzy Skolimowski (rowing)

Jerzy Szacki

Jerzy Ustupski

Jerzy Wołkowicki

Jerzy Wojnar

Jerzy Zagórski

Jerzy Zborowski

Jess Hill

Jesse Addison Udall

Jesse Helms

Jesse Holman Jones

Jesse Monroe Knowles

Jesse R. Drowley

Jesse R. Pitts

Jesse Rutherford Jr.

Jessie Vasey

Jesús A. Villamor

Jesus Baza Duenas

Jeune Europe

Jewish Amsterdam

Jewish Brigade

Jewish Children's Home in Oslo

Jewish Combat Organization

Jewish deportees from Norway during World War II

Jewish Military Union

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Jewish Police (Holocaust)

Jewish resistance during the Holocaust

Jews outside Europe under Nazi occupation

Jezdimir Dangić

JF-17 Thunder

Ji Hongchang

Ji Shengde

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Jianggezhuang

Jiangqiao Campaign

Jiffs

Jigme Wangchuk

Jilin Self-Defence Army

Jim Brideweser

Jim Butterfield (football)

Jim Clark (sheriff)

Jim Crowley

Jim Dunnigan

Jim Fridley

Jim Garrison

Jim Hensley

Jim Humphreys

Jim Lawrence (football player)

Jim Leavelle

Jim Mooney (football player)

Jim Morrison

Jim Moscrip

Jim Park (footballer)

Jim Siedow

Jim Thompson (designer)

Jim Wallwork

Jim Wright

Jimmie W. Monteith

Jimmy Algerino

Jimmy Dell

Jimmy Doolittle

Jimmy Douglas (American soccer player)

Jimmy Edwards

Jimmy Fitzmorris

Jimmy Hughes (footballer)

Jimmy Juan

Jimmy Launders

Jimmy Modeste

Jimmy Mullen (footballer born 1923)

Jimmy T. Murakami

Jimmy Patterson

Jin-Roh

Jinan Incident

Jinan Military Region

Jing Shan-Zhongxiang Campaign

Jinggangshan Mountains

Jinichi Kusaka

Jinzaburō Masaki

Jirō Minami

Jirō Shiizaki

Jirō Tamon

Jisaburō Ozawa

JM cloche

Jüdischer Kulturbund

Jürgen Graf

Jürgen Rieger

Jürgen Stroop

Jüri Uluots

Jo Grimond

Jo Gullett

Jo Iimura

Jo Spier

Jože Javoršek

Joachim Albrecht Eggeling

Joachim Brendel

Joachim Fest

Joachim Helbig

Joachim Hoffmann

Joachim Kirschner

Joachim Lemelsen

Joachim Müncheberg

Joachim Mrugowsky

Joachim Murat

Joachim Peiper

Joachim Rønneberg

Joachim Schepke

Joachim von Ribbentrop

Joan-Eleanor system

Joan Bartlett

Joan Hughes

Joan of Paris

Joanna Cruickshank

Jocelyn Angloma

Jocelyn Gourvennec

Jocelyn Simon, Baron Simon of Glaisdale

Jocelyn Woollcombe

Jock column

Jock Colville

Jock Lewes

Joe's Bridge

Joe Abbey

Joe Baker-Cresswell

Joe Benoit

Joe C. Specker

Joe David Brown

Joe DiMaggio

Joe E. Mann

Joe Ekins

Joe Flanigan

Joe Foss

Joe Gray Taylor

Joe Greene (Ontario politician)

Joe Hayashi

Joe Henry Cooper

Joe Hunt (tennis)

Joe Kendrick Sr.

Joe Kieyoomia

Joe Louis

Joe M. Jackson

Joe M. Nishimoto

Joe Maniaci

Joe McCorquodale

Joe Mercer

Joe P. Martinez

Joe Perry (American football)

Joe Purcell

Joe R. Hastings

Joe Redington

Joe Rosenthal

Joe Routt

Joe Schlesinger

Joe Shell

Joe Sinnott

Joe Sostilio

Joe Stydahar

Joe Turner (ice hockey)

Joe W. Kelly

Joe Waggonner

Joel Brand

Joel Camargo

Joel Hayward

Joel Teitelbaum

Johan Benders

Johan Bernhard Hjort

Johan Borgen

Johan Carp

Johan Hendrik Weidner

Johan Hin

Johan Nygaardsvold

Johan Petro

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Johann Christian Claudius Devaranne

Johann Gruber

Johann Heynlin

Johann Kremer

Johann Maier

Johann Rattenhuber

Johann Rickmers

Johann von Leers

Johann von Ravenstein

Johann Wilhelm Trollmann

Johanna Kirchner

Johanna Langefeld

Johanna Wolf

Johannes Bölter

Johannes Blaskowitz

Johannes Bobrowski

Johannes de Grocheio

Johannes Dieckmann

Johannes Drost

Johannes Flintrop

Johannes Frießner

Johannes Gandil (athlete)

Johannes Hentschel

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Johannes Lohs

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Johannes van Dijk

Johannes Wiese

Johin

John A. English

John A. Gronouski

John A. Kent

John A. Nerud

John A. Volpe

John Addison

John Agar

John Aiken (RAF officer)

John Alan Quinton

John Albert O’Toole

John Aldam Aizlewood

John Alexander French

John Alexander Sinclair

John Amery

John Anderson Barstow

John Andrew Pearson (Royal Navy officer)

John Arbuthnott, 16th Viscount of Arbuthnott

John Archibald Wheeler

John Arnold Austin

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John Arthur Love

John Aspinwall Roosevelt

John Augustine Collins

John B. Kelly Sr.

John Bagot Glubb

John Barbour (poet)

John Barron (actor)

John Basilone

John Baskeyfield

John Bassett

John Beeley

John Beresford (polo player)

John Berger

John Bernard Croak

John Bernard Mackey

John Birch (missionary)

John Birmingham

John Boles (sport shooter)

John Boyd-Carpenter, Baron Boyd-Carpenter

John Bradburne

John Bradley (Iwo Jima)

John Bray (athlete)

John Bridge

John Brown (spy)

John Brown Hamilton

John Brunt

John Bunch

John C. Arrowsmith

John C. Browne (physicist)

John C. Butler-class destroyer escort

John C. England

John C. H. Lee

John C. Metzler Sr.

John C. Meyer

John C. Morgan

John C. Sjogren

John C. Squires

John C. Waldron

John C. West

John C. Whitehead

John C. Woods

John Cade

John Cecil Currie

John Chafee

John Charles Campbell

John Charles Fenton

John Charles Oakes Marriott

John Christmas Møller

John Ciardi

John Clarence Butler

John Cobb (motorist)

John Codd

John Connally

John Connolly (rugby)

John Courtis

John Cregan (athlete)

John Crichton, 5th Earl Erne

John Cridlan Barrett

John Crocker

John Cross Jr

John Cruickshank

John Cullen Murphy

John Cunningham (RAF officer)

John Curtin

John D. Bulkeley

John D. Hawk

John D. Kelly (World War II soldier)

John D. Lavelle

John D. MacDonald

John D. Magrath

John D. New

John Dale Ryan

John David Provoo

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John David Wingfield

John Davies (businessman)

John de Courcy, 35th Baron Kingsale

John de Innes

John Demjanjuk

John Derbyshire (swimmer)

John Dering Nettleton

John Desmond

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John Dingell

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John Duncan Sr.

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John E. Butts

John E. Dahlquist

John E. Hull

John Edmondson, 2nd Baron Sandford

John Edwin Ashley Williams

John Ehrlichman

John Eisenhower

John Eldridge Jr.

John Elliott (British boxer)

John Exley

John F. "Jack" Hasey

John F. Gerry

John F. Kennedy

John F. Thorson

John Faunthorpe

John Flanagan (athlete)

John Ford

John Francis McLaren

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John Frost (pilot)

John Fullerton Evetts

John G. Crommelin

John G. W. Husted Jr.

John Gardner (thriller writer)

John Geiger

John George Kemeny

John George Walters Clark

John Gillespie Magee Jr.

John Glenn

John Godley, 3rd Baron Kilbracken

John Godwin RNVR

John Gofman

John Gorman (politician)

John Gottowt

John Gregory Crace

John Gretton, 1st Baron Gretton

John Gudenus

John Gurdon

John H. D. Cunningham

John H. Griffith

John H. Hammond

John H. Hubbard

John H. Lang

John H. Leims

John H. Manley

John H. Michaelis

John H. Secondari

John H. Sides

John H. Stickell

John Hamilton (archbishop)

John Hamilton (artist)

John Hamilton Wedgwood

John Hannah (VC)

John Hansl

John Harding, 1st Baron Harding of Petherton

John Hare, 1st Viscount Blakenham

John Harlan Willis

John Harvey-Jones

John Hawkesworth (British Army officer)

John Hawkesworth (producer)

John Hay Whitney

John Henebry

John Henry Anstice

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John Hollar

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John Holt (educator)

John Hope (meteorologist)

John Howard (American actor)

John Howard (British Army officer)

John Howard Griffin

John Hurst Edmondson

John J. Creedon

John J. Gilligan

John J. Hennessey

John J. McVeigh

John J. Parker

John J. Pinder Jr.

John J. Tominac

John James Powers

John Jansson

John Jarman

John Jestyn Llewellin, 1st Baron Llewellin

John Johnston (Royal Household)

John Joseph Doherty

John Joseph Gilligan Jr.

John Joseph Parle

John K. Cannon

John K. Gerhart

John K. Lawson

John K. Singlaub

John K. Snyder

John K. Waters

John Keefer Mahony

John Kenley

John Kennedy (rowing)

John Kenneth Macalister

John Kimbrough

John Kitzmiller

John Knatchbull, 7th Baron Brabourne

John L. DeWitt

John L. Hall Jr.

John L. Jerstad

John L. McLucas

John L. Throckmorton

John Lanham

John Lavarack

John Le Mesurier

John Leach (Royal Navy officer)

John Lemoinne

John Leon Williamson

John Leonard Wilson

John Lesinski Jr.

John Lesley

John List

John Lucian Smith

John Lukacs

John Lymington

John M. Janzen

John M. Robsion Jr.

John M. Spalding

John MacLeod (Ross and Cromarty MP)

John Macquarrie

John Macy

John Magee (missionary)

John Manchester Allen

John Marshall Harlan II

John Masters

John McGiver

John McKay (football coach)

John McKilligan

John McLean (athlete)

John McNally (American football)

John Michael Bermingham

John Mihalowski

John Miller (rower)

John Miller Martin

John Mills

John Misha Petkevich

John Moffat (pilot)

John Moore-Brabazon, 1st Baron Brabazon of Tara

John Morrow Godfrey

John Murray (soldier)

John N. Mitchell

John N. Reese Jr.

John Nash (artist)

John Neil Randle

John Northcott

John O'Neil (rugby player)

John O'Neill (VC)

John O'Shea (director)

John Okada

John Ormsby Evelyn Vandeleur

John P. Cromwell

John P. Davies

John P. Fardy

John P. Lucas

John P. Washington

John Patrick (rugby player)

John Patrick Kenneally

John Paul Hammerschmidt

John Paul Stevens

John Pelham Mann

John Pendlebury

John Pennington Harman

John Peyton, Baron Peyton of Yeovil

John Phillips (actor)

John Prebble

John Prendergast (soldier)

John Profumo

John R. Alison

John R. Crews

John R. Deane Jr.

John R. Dunning

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John R. Fox

John R. Hodge

John R. Towle

John Rabe

John Randolph (actor)

John Rarick

John Rathbone (Bodmin)

John Rawls

John Raymond Broadbent (Quartermaster)

John Raymond Broadbent (Major General)

John Raymond Rice

John Reith, 1st Baron Reith

John Renshaw Starr

John Richard Hyde

John Rigas

John Rimmer

John Robert Osborn

John Rockefeller Prentice

John Roderick (correspondent)

John Russell (actor)

John Russell, 13th Duke of Bedford

John Ruthven (artist)

John S. Blue

John S. McCain Jr.

John S. McCain Sr.

John S. Service

John S. Wilder

John Salmond

John Severin

John Sidney Garrett

John Smith (Conservative politician)

John Spellman (wrestler)

John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer

John Stacey

John Steele (paratrooper)

John Stuart Mould

John Swainson

John Sweet (actor)

John Sydney Lethbridge

John Symes

John T. "Tommy" Blackburn

John T. Corley

John T. Eversole

John Tate

John Thach

John Thivy

John Thomas Davies

John Thompson McKellar Anderson

John Tiltman

John Toland (author)

John Tovey, 1st Baron Tovey

John Tower

John Tremayne Babington

John Trevor Godfrey

John Tyler Morgan

John V. Power

John Vassall

John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort

John Vincent (sailor)

John von Neumann

John W. Bonner

John W. Dutko

John W. Meagher

John W. Minick

John W. O'Daniel

John W. Peterson

John W. Rankin

John W. Vogt Jr.

John Waldegrave

John Wallace Linton

John Warburton Paul

John Ward (airman)

John Warner

John Warrender, 2nd Baron Bruntisfield

John Wayne Airport

John Weir Foote

John Wells (20th-century British politician)

John Wheeler-Bennett

John Whyte-Melville-Skeffington, 13th Viscount Massereene

John Widgery, Baron Widgery

John William Best

John William Finn

John William Haas

John William Harper

John William Vessey Jr.

John Wilson, 2nd Baron Moran

John Winthrop Hackett Junior

John Wooldridge

John Wyndham

John Yates (bishop)

John Zacherle

John, Dauphin of France (1398-1417)

Johnnie David Hutchins

Johnnie Johnson (RAF officer)

Johnny Beazley

Johnny Carson

Johnny Checketts

Johnny Grant (radio personality)

Johnny Höglin

Johnny Johnson (British Army officer)

Johnny Mølby

Johnny Murray

Johnny Orr

Johnny Ramensky

Johnny Reder

Johnny Rigney

Johnny Schmitz

Johnny Vaught

Johnny Weissmuller

Joice NanKivell Loch

Jon Baker

Jon Elster

Jon Istad

Jon Latimer

Jon Whitcomb

Jona von Ustinov

Jonah Edward Kelley

Jonas H. Ingram

Jonas Lie (government minister)

Jonas Slier

Jonastal

Jonathan Assous

Jonathan Biabiany

Jonathan Higgins

Jonathan Joseph-Augustin

Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV

Jonathan O. Seaman

Jonathan Tokplé

Jonathan Winters

Jonni Myyrä

Jonny Nilsson

Joop Westerweel

Jordan Nikolov Orce

Jorge Alonso Treviño

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Jorge Tibiriçá Piratininga

Jorge Ubico

Jorma Sarvanto

Jose Calugas

Jose F. Valdez

Jose M. Cabanillas

Jose M. Lopez

Josef Čapek

Josef Balabán

Josef Blösche

Josef Bühler

Josef Bürckel

Josef Bremm

Josef Eder

Josef Feistmantl

Josef František

Josef Grohé

Josef Haas

Josef Harpe

Josef Jacobs

Josef Jakobs

Josef Kammhuber

Josef Kramer

Josef Krips

Josef Matoušek

Josef Mengele

Josef Nassy

Josef Oberhauser (war criminal)

Josef Pfitzner

Josef Plieseis

Josef Priller

Josef Rosensaft

Josef Schneider (rower)

Josef Schwammberger

Josef Terboven

Josef Thorak

Josef Wagner (Gauleiter)

Josef Wilhelm

Josef Wirmer

Josef Wurmheller

Josef Zwernemann

Joseph-Alfred Foulon

Joseph-Nicolas Delisle

Joseph A. Farinholt

Joseph Albert Walker

Joseph Alexandre Laboulbène

Joseph Alzin

Joseph André

Joseph Autran

Joseph Babinski

Joseph Bangust

Joseph Bau

Joseph Bech

Joseph Berchtold

Joseph Beyrle

Joseph Bodner

Joseph Burlazzi

Joseph Burnett

Joseph C. McConnell

Joseph Caillaux

Joseph Carlebach

Joseph Chénier

Joseph Crockett

Joseph d'Haussonville

Joseph Darnand

Joseph De Combe

Joseph de Goislard de Monsabert

Joseph Dodge

Joseph E. Muller

Joseph E. Schaefer

Joseph Edward Connolly

Joseph Epstein (French Resistance leader)

Joseph F. Biroc

Joseph F. Merrell

Joseph F. Smith (politician)

Joseph Fourier University

Joseph Fourier

Joseph François Michaud

Joseph Gainard

Joseph Gilbert Hamilton

Joseph Goebbels

Joseph Gregory

Joseph Grew

Joseph H. Harper

Joseph Harcourt Tombs

Joseph Heller

Joseph Henry Silk

Joseph Hughes (GC)

Joseph J. Clark

Joseph J. McCarthy

Joseph J. Nazzaro

Joseph J. Sadowski

Joseph Joffre

Joseph Jules Beecken

Joseph Justus Scaliger

Joseph Kessel

Joseph Kofi Adda

Joseph Lakanal

Joseph Leo Doob

Joseph Liebgott

Joseph Louis François Bertrand

Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac

Joseph Louis Lagrange

Joseph M. Gaydos

Joseph M. Reeves

Joseph McCarthy

Joseph Müller (Catholic lawyer)

Joseph Müller (priest)

Joseph Olivier (rugby union)

Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.

Joseph Paul Franklin

Joseph Pletinckx

Joseph R. Holzapple

Joseph R. Julian

Joseph Retinger

Joseph Riddle Jr.

Joseph Rochefort

Joseph Rosenstock

Joseph Rotblat

Joseph Rovan

Joseph S. Clark

Joseph Salas

Joseph Sarnoski

Joseph Schacht

Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stilwell

Joseph Stone, Baron Stone

Joseph T. Dawson

Joseph T. McNarney

Joseph T. O'Callahan

Joseph Taussig

Joseph Ujlaki

Joseph W. Barr

Joseph W. Dailey

Joseph W. Finch Jr.

Joseph W. Kennedy

Joseph W. Ozbourn

Joseph Wapner

Joseph Warren Stilwell Jr.

Joseph Watt

Joseph Weldon Bailey Jr.

Josephine Baker

Joshua Logan

Josiah E. DuBois Jr.

Josiah McCracken

Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp

Josias Hartmann

Josias, Hereditary Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont

Josip Broz Tito

Josip Kraš

José-Karl Pierre-Fanfan

José Álvarez de Bohórquez

José Cabrero Arnal

José Cobos

José Dolhem

José María de Heredia

José Mouzinho

José Nasazzi

José Navarro Morenes

José Naya

José P. Laurel

José Touré

José Vidal (footballer)

Jourdain (Paris Métro)

Journal des débats

Journal of Historical Review

Journey for Margaret

Jovan Plamenac

Jovanka Broz

Joy Bright Hancock

Joyce Lebra

Joyce Lussu

Jozef Gabčík

Jozef Matlak

Jozef Tiso

Jozef Turanec

Joël Bats

Ján Golian

János Garay (fencer)

János Wenk

Juan Antonio Ríos

Juan César Cordero Dávila

Juan Gilberto Funes

Juan José Calandria

Juan José de Amézaga

Juan Martín Hernández

Juan Modesto

Juan Pablo Sorín

Juan Pujol (alias Garbo)

Juana Bormann

Jud Simons

Judah Messer Leon (1166)

Judah P. Benjamin

Judenfrei

Judenplatz Holocaust Memorial

Judenrat

Judges' Trial

Judgment at Nuremberg

Judith Auer

Judith Kerr

Jugendbund

Juho Kusti Paasikivi

Jules Armand Dufaure

Jules Bocandé

Jules Bonvalet

Jules Cambon

Jules De Bisschop

Jules de Clérambault

Jules Dewaquez

Jules Dumont

Jules Ferry

Jules Granier

Jules Guesde

Jules James

Jules Janin

Jules Joffrin (Paris Métro)

Jules Lemaître

Jules Michelet

Jules Olitski

Jules Sandeau

Jules Simon

Jules Sylvain Zeller

Jules Vallès

Jules Verne

Jules Vuillemin

Julia Catherine Stimson

Julia Child

Julia Rozenberg

Julian Amery, Baron Amery of Lustleigh

Julian C. Smith

Julian Faber

Julian Kulski

Julian Scherner

Julie Depardieu

Julie Dreyfus

Julie Manet

Julie Vlasto

Julie Wolfthorn

Julien Arias

Julien Baudet

Julien de Lallande Poydras

Julien François

Julien Green

Julien Havet

Julien Saubade

Juliet Berto

Juliette Binoche

Julije Makanec

Julio Chiaramonte

Julio Cortázar

Julio César Cáceres

Julio Dely Valdés

Julio Hernán Rossi

Julio Olarticoechea

Julius Buckler

Julius D. Canns

Julius Dorpmüller

Julius Frey

Julius Fučík

Julius Hirsch

Julius Körner

Julius Keyl

Julius Klinger

Julius Leber

Julius Lippert (politician)

Julius Ochs Adler

Julius Paltiel

Julius Ringel

Julius Schaub

Julius Schreck

Julius Schulte-Frohlinde

Julius Streicher

Julius W. Becton Jr.

Juliusz Bursche

Juliusz Rómmel

Juliusz Zulauf

July 20 plot

July Column

Jun Ushiroku

June Days Uprising

Jungle Carbine

Jungle Division

Jungle Queen (serial)

Jungmädelbund

Junichi Sasai

Junio Valerio Borghese

Junior J. Spurrier

Junior Juniper

Junior Van Noy

Junker (SS rank)

Junkers A 35

Junkers EF 009

Junkers EF 132

Junkers EF 61

Junkers G.38

Junkers J.I

Junkers Ju 160

Junkers Ju 187

Junkers Ju 188

Junkers Ju 252

Junkers Ju 287

Junkers Ju 288

Junkers Ju 290

Junkers Ju 322

Junkers Ju 352

Junkers Ju 388

Junkers Ju 390

Junkers Ju 488

Junkers Ju 52

Junkers Ju 86

Junkers Ju 87

Junkers Ju 88

Junkers Ju 89

Junkers Ju 90

Junkers W 34

Juno Beach Centre

Juno Beach

Junrokurō Matsuura

Junyō Maru

Juozas Lukša

Jura Soyfer

Jure Francetić

Jurek Becker

Jussieu (Paris Métro)

Jussieu Campus

Just Fontaine

Just Like That

Justas Paleckis

Justice M. Chambers

Justinien de Clary

Justus Scrafford

Jutta Rüdiger

Jérôme Éyana

Jérôme Alonzo

Jérôme Carcopino

Jérôme Lalande

Jérôme Leroy (footballer)

Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve

Jérôme Rothen

Jérémy Clément

Jérémy Toulalan

Jäger Report

Jack Mathis

Jack Mathis may refer to:

Jack W. Mathis (1921–1943), U.S. Army Air Forces officer and Medal of Honor recipient

Jack Mathis (soccer) (born 1992), American soccer player

List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War II

This is a list of Medal of Honor recipients for World War II. The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an "enemy of the United States" or an "opposing foreign force". Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.World War II, or the Second World War, was a global military conflict, the joining of what had initially been two separate conflicts. The first began in Asia in 1937 as the Second Sino-Japanese War; the other began in Europe in 1939 with the German and Soviet invasion of Poland. This global conflict split the majority of the world's nations into two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis powers.

The United States was drawn into World War II on December 8, 1941, a day after the Axis-member Japan launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor in Honolulu that killed almost 2,500 people in what was considered the biggest peacetime loss on American soil inflicted by foreign people at that time.

For actions during World War II, 472 United States military personnel received the Medal of Honor. Seventeen of these were Japanese-Americans fighting in both Europe and the Pacific, many of which were upgraded from Distinguished Service Crosses during the Clinton administration. Additionally, Douglas Albert Munro was the only serviceman from the United States Coast Guard in United States military history to receive the Medal for his actions during the war.

The earliest action for which a U.S. serviceman earned a World War II Medal of Honor was the attack on Pearl Harbor, for which 17 U.S. servicemen were awarded a Medal, although they did so "while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force" rather than "enemy" since the United States was neutral during the events of December 7, 1941. The last action to earn a contemporaneous Medal of Honor prior to the August 15, 1945, end of hostilities in World War II, were those of Melvin Mayfield, on July 29, 1945 – though several honorees may have been cited for their Medal after Mayfield's recognition on May 31, 1946. Additionally, seven African Americans and twenty-two Asian American veterans who had received the Distinguished Service Cross during the war were awarded the Medal of Honor in 1997 and 2000 – most of them posthumously – after two studies determined that racial discrimination had caused them to be overlooked at the time.

Medal of Honor Aircraft

To date, the United States Medal of Honor has been awarded on 103 occasions for actions involving the use of aircraft. Awards for actions that took place in a single flight are the norm, with 74 individual aircraft accounting for 82 of the 93 medals awarded for actions while in flight (including eight dual awards representing the same aircraft). Of those 75 planes, 41 were destroyed during the MoH action, while others were lost later. In a few cases the MoH recipient survived while the plane did not (Jimmy Doolittle's North American B-25 Mitchell, as an example). The reverse also occurred: Lts. Jack W. Mathis and Robert E. Femoyer received posthumous awards while their respective Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresss survived, only to be scrapped later.

Some aircraft were recognized following their crew's award but were not preserved, including Butch O'Hare's Grumman F4F Wildcat, which wasn't stricken until two and one half years after his MoH action, as well as Maj. James H. Howard's "borrowed" North American P-51 Mustang, whose identity remains a mystery. In wartime often the pressing needs for serviceable aircraft overcame their need for preservation in programs or museums that did not yet exist.

San Angelo Army Air Field

For the civilian airport use, see San Angelo Regional Airport

Not to be confused with Goodfellow FieldSan Angelo Army Airfield is an inactive United States Air Force base, about 8 miles south-southwest of San Angelo, Texas. It was active during World War II as a training airfield. It was closed on 30 November 1945.

San Angelo Regional Airport

For the World War II use of the airport see San Angelo Army AirfieldSan Angelo Regional Airport (IATA: SJT, ICAO: KSJT, FAA LID: SJT), (Mathis Field) serves San Angelo, in Tom Green County, Texas. The airport covers 1,503 acres (608 ha) and has three runways. It has free parking.

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