Jack Newfield

Jack Abraham Newfield (February 18, 1938 – December 21, 2004) was an American journalist, columnist, author, documentary filmmaker and activist. Newfield wrote for the Village Voice, New York Daily News, New York Post, New York Sun, New York Magazine, Parade Magazine, Tikkun, Mother Jones, and The Nation and monthly columns for several labor union newspapers.[1][2] In his autobiography, Somebody's Gotta Tell It: The Upbeat Memoir of a Working-Class Journalist (2002), Newfield said, "The point is not to confuse objectivity with truth."[3]

A career beat reporter, Newfield wrote prolifically about modern society, culture, and politics, on a range of topics relevant to urban life, such as municipal corruption, the police, and labor unions, and also professional sports, especially baseball and boxing, as well as contemporary music.[4][5][6] He wrote numerous books about modern social and political subjects, including A Prophetic Minority (1966) and Robert Kennedy : A Memoir. (1969). He received the American Book Award for The Full Rudy: The Man, the Myth, the Mania about New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani.[7] Newfield was a senior fellow at The Nation Institute, and an Emmy-award winning documentary filmmaker.[8]

35 Charlton Street entrance
35 Charlton Street entrance
Village Voice offices on Cooper Square in New York City
Village Voice offices on Cooper Square in New York City
Jack Abraham Newfield
BornFebruary 18, 1938
Brooklyn, New York City
DiedDecember 21, 2004 (aged 66)
New York City, New York
OccupationJournalist, author, documentary filmmaker
LanguageEnglish
NationalityAmerican
EducationHunter College, BA (1960)
Notable awardsGeorge Polk Award (1979), Emmy Award (1992), American Book Award (2002)

Early life and education

Newfield was born and grew up in Bedford–Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, New York, raised by his mother, Ethel (Tuchman) Newfield. When he was four years old, his father, Phillip Newfield, died of a heart attack.[9] An only child, Newfield was a latchkey kid. The ethos of his upbringing led him to establish a professional approach he identified as "advocacy journalism."[10]

Newfield attended Boys High School (Brooklyn) and then Hunter College (BA ’60) of City University of New York, where he wrote pamphlets the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee ("SNCC"), articles for the student paper, the Hunter Arrow, and studied journalism. He was drawn to the Civil Rights Movement and the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), under the tutelage of Michael Harrington. In his youth, Newfield was a supporter of antiwar New Left politics in the 1960s. He was arrested in the South at a sit-in in 1963 and spent two days in a Mississippi jail with Michael Schwerner, who was murdered in that state in June 1964 with James Chaney and Andrew Goodman.[11]

Identifying as a populist, Newfield was from the outset a politically active journalist and author. In 1968, he signed the "Writers and Editors War Tax Protest" pledge, vowing to refuse to pay tax to protest against the Vietnam War,[12] and later became a sponsor of the War Tax Resistance project, which practiced and advocated tax resistance as a form of protest against the war.[13] By 1971, Newfield had begun to question the ideology of the New Left,[14] writing that "in its Weathermen, Panther and Yippee incarnations, [the New Left] seems anti-democratic, terroristic, dogmatic, stoned on rhetoric and badly disconnected from everyday reality".[15]

Newfield's first journalism job was "copy boy" for The New York Daily Mirror and editor of the weekly West Side News. He lived most of his adult life on historic Charlton Street in Greenwich Village.

Career in journalism

Newfield considered himself a "participatory journalist," involved in politics and advocacy. Inspired by Lincoln Steffens, Jacob Riis, and IF Stone, Newfield held himself to a professional standard of moral emotionalism.[16] On this he wrote, "Compassion without anger can become merely sentiment or pity. Knowledge without anger can stagnate into mere cynicism and apathy. Anger improves lucidity, persistence, audacity, and memory."[17]

In 1964, he was hired by the editor, Dan Wolf, to write for The Village Voice in Greenwich Village. Newfield said he set out to "combine activism with writing" and advised like-minded journalists to "create a constituency for reform and don't stop until you have made some progress or positive results." In 1968, Newfield covered the Chicago Democratic Convention, where he famously threw a typewriter from the window of his Chicago hotel at police that he saw beating demonstrators.[18][19] By 1988, Newfield had contributed 700 articles to The Voice, over 24 years on staff as columnist, reporter and senior editor. From 1988, Newfield was editor and writer in an investigative reporting unit at the New York Daily News. Ardently pro-labor, he made a principled choice to support the striking newspaper pressmen. He refused to cross their picket line during the 1990 labor strike, and instead quit the paper.[20] Quickly thereafter joined the New York Post as a columnist.[21] Subsequently, Newfield wrote columns and investigative articles for the New York Sun, the New York Observer, and The Nation.

In 1980, the Center for Investigative Reporting awarded Newfield the George Polk Award for Political Reporting, and he received a New York State Bar Association Special Award in 1986 for his series of articles on wrongfully-convicted Bobby McLaughlin. In 2000, he was honored with the 25-Year News Achievement Award from the Society of the Silurians. Since 2006, Hunter College awards the Jack Newfield Professorship each spring to a distinguished journalist representative of his legacy of investigative journalism.[22]

Author and filmmaker

Newfield authored books about contemporary political and social phenomena. Newfield wrote "A Prophetic Minority" (1967), his account of the early 1960s civil rights movement, the formation of the SNCC, the voter registration initiative in Mississippi, the expansion of the SNCC to include white students, and the rise of SDS. A year later, The New York Times called Newfield's book Robert Kennedy: A Memoir (1969) a "a perceptive and moving book," and it was received again when it was reissued in 2003, on the 35th anniversary of Kennedy's murder.[23] Newfield was traveling with Kennedy and his campaign when the senator from New York was assassinated by Sirhan Sirhan in Los Angeles on in June 1968.[24] He endeavors to separate "the man from the myth" in his first-hand accounted of the assassinated politician.[25] He wrote about Kennedy, "Part of him was soldier, priest, radical, and football coach. But he was none of these. He was a politician; His enemies said he was consumed with selfish ambition, a ruthless opportunist exploiting his brother's legend. But he was too passionate and too vulnerable ever to be the cool and confident operator his brother was."

Newfield and Jeff Greenfield co-authored "A Populist Manifesto : The Making Of A New Minority" (1972), an elaboration on their ideas about civic reform, relevant to the banking and insurance industries, utilities, regulatory agencies, land reform, the media, crime, health care, labor unions, and foreign.[26] He cowrote with Paul Du Brul, "The Abuse of Power: The Permanent Government and the Fall of New York" (Viking Press, 1977) and the revised edition, "The Permanent Government: Who Really Rules New York?" (Pilgrim Press, 1981), considered classics in urban muckraking.[27][28][29][30][31] In "City for Sale" (1988), Newfield collaborated with investigative journalist Wayne Barrett to reveal the patronage of municipal corruption in New York during Ed Koch's administration.[32][33] In 2003, Newfield's acerbic critique of the mayoralty of Rudy Giuliani, "The Full Rudy: The Man, The Myth, The Mania" (2002) won the American Book Award. "City of Rich and Poor: Jack Newfield on New York" (2003 PBS) was a documentary based on Newfield's article, How the Other Half Still Lives: in the shadow of wealth, New York's poor increases.[34] In 1988, "Robert Kennedy : A Memoir" was adapted into an acclaimed documentary, which Newfield wrote and co-directed.[35] He was writer and reporter of "JFK, Hoffa and the Mob" (PBS, 1992).

Newfield advocated for professional prize fighters to be viewed as members of the "exploited working class."[36] He wrote and produced documentaries about professional boxing, including Fallen Champ: The Untold Story of Mike Tyson ( TV Movie 1993), Sugar Ray Robinson: Bright Lights, Dark Shadows, (HBO, 1998, co-producer), The Making of Bamboozled (TV movie 2001) and Ring of Fire: The Emile Griffith Story (2005).[30][37][38][39][40] In 1991, he was a contributing reporter and writer to the documentary Don King Unauthorized (Frontline & Stuart Television co-producers, 1991), which aired on PBS.[41][42] Shortly thereafter, he authored "Only in America The Life and Crimes of Don King (boxing promoter)" in 1995, a story serialized in Penthouse Magazine and then adapted it into a 1997 Emmy Award-winning HBO biopic, Don King: Only in America, directed by John Herzfeld, starring Ving Rhames.[43]

Activist

Newfield was an investigative reporter who wrote openly about social reform. His articles often influenced the media and public policy. Notable examples include the creation of a law banning the use of lead paint in apartments, changes in campaign finance laws, the prosecution of corruption and enforcement of regulations to protect the elderly in nursing homes. His series of articles on wrongly convicted and imprisoned Brooklyn resident Bobby McLoughlin helped to exonerate and release him from prison in 1986.[44]

Historians of the political movement against lead poisoning in the U.S. trace its origins to the American civil rights and environmental movements, and acknowledge Newfield's series of newspaper articles in New York City about the tragic consequences of lead poisoning, beginning in 1969, for exposing the lead scandal, and then-Mayor John Lindsay's initiation of the first lead poison prevention program, a model for other urban areas.[45][46][47][48]

From 1999 to 2004, Newfield wrote a series of columns advocating for the idea of a memorial honoring Jackie Robinson (1919-1972), legendary for his role as the first black professional baseball player in the major leagues, and Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team captain Pee Wee Reese, who together made history.[5][49] In 2005, a commemorative sculpture by William Behrends was installed at the center of a circular lawn and perimeter walkway designed by Ken Smith, inscribed with commentary related to the lives and achievements of the athletes, in front of a Brooklyn ball field, Key Span Park.[50]

Still working until the end of his life, Jack Newfield died in New York City, succumbing to kidney cancer on December 21, 2004, at the age of 66.[51]

Awards and recognition

Newfield received the American journalism George Polk Award in 1979 for reporting on politics at the Village Voice.[52]

Selected bibliography

Books

  • Newfield, J., (1966). A Prophetic Minority. New York : New American Library.[53]
  • Newfield, J. (1969). Robert Kennedy: A Memoir. New York : E.P. Dutton & Co.[54]
  • Newfield, J. (1971). Bread and Roses too : Reporting About America. New York : E.P. Dutton & Co.[55]
  • Newfield, J. (1974). Cruel and Unusual Justice : From Incompetence to Corruption, The Failure of Our Courts and Prisons. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.[56]
  • Newfield, J. (1984). The Education of Jack Newfield. New York: St. Martin's Press.[57]
  • Newfield, J. (1995) Only in America: The life and Crimes of Don King. New York: William Morrow.[58]
  • Newfield, J. (2002). The Full Rudy: The Man, The Myth, The Mania. New York : Thunder's Mouth Press/Nation Books.[59]
  • Newfield, J. (2002). Somebody's Gotta Tell It: The Upbeat Memoir of a Working-Class Journalist. New York: Saint Martin's Press.[60]
  • Newfield, J. (ed.) (2003). American Rebels. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press/Nation Books.[61]

Co-authored books

  • Newfield, J., & Grossman, R. (1966). Animal Ranch: The great American fable. New York: Parallax Pub. Co.[62]
  • Newfield, J., & Greenfield, J. (1972). A Populist Manifesto: The Making of a New Majority. New York: Praeger.[63]
  • Newfield, J., & DuBrul, P. (1977).The Abuse of Power: The Permanent Government and the Fall of New York. New York: Pilgrim Press.[64]
  • Newfield, J., & DuBrul, P., (1981) The Permanent Government: Who Really Rules New York? The Pilgrim Press.[65]
  • Newfield, J., & Barrett, W. (1988). City for Sale: Ed Koch and the Betrayal of New York. New York: Harper & Row.[66]
  • Newfield, J., & Jacobson, M. (2004). American Monsters: 44 Rats, Blackhats, and Plutocrats. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press.[67]

Reporting, selected

  • "More Bad Judges." The Nation, January 8, 2004. 278, 3, 7.
  • '"The Meaning Of Muhammad." The Nation, January 17, 2002. '274, 4, 25.
  • "B.B. King : Legend, Icon, American Original...I Put Everything In The Song." The Philadelphia Inquirer, September 28, 2003, Parade Magazine.
  • "Plenty Of Nothing In New York : Governor Pataki's effective Gary Cooper imitation leaves Democrats in despair." The Nation, October 24, 2002, 275, 16, 18.
  • "THE SHAME OF BOXING : The fighters are powerless workers in need of rights and justice." The Nation, November 12, 2001,273, 15, 13.
  • "Can Mark Green Heal NYC? : New York's Democratic mayoral primary revealed the city's racial fault lines." The Nation, October 18, 2001, 273, 14, 20.
  • "An Interview with Michael Moore." Tikkun (magazine), November - December, 1998. 13.6 : 25–29.[68]
  • "Remembering John F. Kennedy, Jr." TV Guide, July 3 to August 6, 1999.
  • "Stallone vs. Springsteen." Playboy (USA), April 1986, p. 116-117+188-191.
  • "Of Honest Men & Good Writers." The Village Voice, 1972, Vol. XVII, No. 20
  • "Congressman Ed Koch is misleading the readers of The Voice." The Village Voice, 13, 1972, Vol. XVII, No. 2
  • "The Death of Liberalism." Playboy, April 1971.
  • "Blowin' in the Wind: A Folk-Music Revolt." The Village Voice, January 14, 1965, Vol. X, No. 13
  • "MacDougal at Midnight: A Street Under Pressure." The Village Voice, April 8, 1965, Vol. X, No. 25
  • "The Liberals' Big Stick : Ready for the SNCC??" Cavalier, June 1965, 33.
  • "Jack Newfield And Robert Kennedy : A Lunch That Launched A Memoir." The Village Voice, 1969, Vol. XIV, No. 34.
  • "Campus Across The River : Cause Without A Rebel." The Village Voice, May 20, 1965, Vol. X, No. 31
  • "Bobby Kennedy In The Village." The Village Voice, October 8, 1964, Vol. IX, No. 51[69]

Contributory works

  • Newfield, J. (1990)"Introduction" in Gunter Temech, Photographer. The Lost Supper/The Last Generation, Gegenschein Press.

See also

References

  1. ^ Amateau, Albert (December 22, 2004). "Jack Newfield, 66, journalist, Villager, club critic" (Volume 74, Number 33). The Villager.
  2. ^ "EDITORIALS & COMMENT - JACK NEWFIELD" (280, no. 2). The Nation. January 1, 2005.
  3. ^ Newfiled, Jack (2002). Somebody's Gotta Tell It : The Upbeat Memoir of a Working Class Journalist. New York: Saint Martin's Press. p. 53.
  4. ^ Newfield, Jack (September 21, 2004). "Who Really Invented Rock-n-Roll". The New York Sun.
  5. ^ a b Newfield, Jack (October 1, 2004). "Jackie Robinson Statue Assured". The New York Sun.
  6. ^ Newfield, Jack (14 December 1993), "Behind the Badge", Frontline, PBS
  7. ^ American Booksellers Association (2013). "The American Book Awards / Before Columbus Foundation [1980–2012]". BookWeb. Archived from the original on March 13, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2013. 2003 [...] The Full Rudy: The Man, the Myth, the Mania, Jack Newfield
  8. ^ "THE NATION INSTITUTE (TNI)". Discover Newwork. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  9. ^ Schudel, Matt (December 23, 2004). "Muckraking N.Y. Reporter Jack Newfield Dies at 66". The Washington Post. p. B08.
  10. ^ "Newfield, Jack". encyclopedia.com. The Schribner Encyclopedia of American Lives.
  11. ^ Dittmer, John (May 1, 1995). Local People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi (1st ed.). University of Illinois Press. p. 560. ISBN 978-0252065071.
  12. ^ "Writers and Editors War Tax Protest," New York Post, January 30, 1968
  13. ^ "A Call to War Tax Resistance" The Cycle 14 May 1970, p. 7
  14. ^ Carson, Clayborne (April 3, 1995). In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0674447271.
  15. ^ Newfield, Jack (1971-07-19). "A Populist Manifesto: The Making of a New Majority". New York. pp. 39–46. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  16. ^ Murphy, Jarrett (December 21, 2004). "Jack Newfield,1938-2004". The Village Voice.
  17. ^ Barrett, Wayne (December 21, 2004). "Jack Newfield : 1938 - 2004". The Village Voice.
  18. ^ Norman Mailer, Miami and the Siege of Chicago: An Informal History of the American Political Conventions of 1968 (Harmondsworth, England: Penguin, 1969), 170-171.
  19. ^ Oliver, Myrna (December 22, 2004). "Jack Newfield, 66; Newspaper Columnist, Expert on New York". LA Times.
  20. ^ McLeary, Paul. "Trench Tales". January Magazine. Review of Somebody's Gotta Tell It by Jack Newfield
  21. ^ Albert Amateau, "Jack Newfield, 66, journalist, Villager, club critic", The Villager, Dec. 22-28, 2004
  22. ^ Hamill, Denis (December 7, 2007). "Jack Newfield: Defender of the city that made him". Daily News.
  23. ^ Johnson, George (April 17, 1988). "New & Noteworthy". The New York Times.
  24. ^ Amateau, "Jack Newfield"
  25. ^ Newfield, Jack. "Jack Newfield, Looking for the Man in the RFK Myth". National Public Radio. June 4, 2008.
  26. ^ Applegate, Edd C. (1996). Literary Journalism : A Biographical Dictionary of Writers and Editors. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. p. 326. ISBN 978-0313299490.
  27. ^ Shefter, M. (June 1, 1983). "Book Review: The Permanent Government: Who Really Rules New York?". Administrative Science Quarterly. 28 (2): 319–321. ISSN 0001-8392.
  28. ^ Tabb, W.K. (October 1, 1979). "Book Review: The Abuse of Power: The Permanent Government and the Fall of New York". Science & Society. 43 (3): 362–366. ISSN 0036-8237.
  29. ^ Katznelson, I. (June 1, 1979). "Book Review: The Abuse of Power: The Permanent Government and the Fall of New York". The American Political Science Review. 73 (2): 595–596. ISSN 0003-0554.
  30. ^ a b "Ring of Fire: The Emile Griffith Story (2005)". IMBd. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  31. ^ Dolan, P. "Book Review: Abuse of Power: The Permanent Government and the Fall of New York". Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 435: 322–323. ISSN 0002-7162.
  32. ^ Alter, Jonathan (January 15, 1989). "'THE MAYOR WHO DIDN'T WANT TO KNOW'". The New York Times.
  33. ^ Mollenkopf, John Hull (August 23, 1994). A Phoenix in the Ashes: The Rise and Fall of the Koch Coalition in New York. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 280. ISBN 978-0691036731.
  34. ^ Newfield, Jack (March 17, 2003). "How the Other Half Still Lives". The Nation.
  35. ^ Matthews, Wallace (December 22, 2004). "Jack Newfield: Champion of the Underdog". The New York Sun.
  36. ^ "The Jack Newfield Collection". Brooklyn College Library. Mr. Newfield advocated for the rights of professional prize fighters who he viewed as "exploited workers.". Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  37. ^ "Fallen Champ: The Untold Story of Mike Tyson (1993)". IMBd. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  38. ^ "Sugar Ray Robinson: The Bright Lights and Dark Shadows of a Champion (1998)". IMBd. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  39. ^ "The Making of 'Bamboozled' (2001)". IMBd. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  40. ^ "Jack Newfield : Biography". IMBd. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  41. ^ "Don King, Unauthorized (5 Nov. 1991)". IMBd. Frontline: Season 9, Episode 18. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  42. ^ Charles, Trish, ed. (1994). "Variety & Daily Variety Television Reviews 1991-1992". 17. New York & London: Garland Publishing, Inc: 17. ISSN 1064-9557.
  43. ^ "Don King : Only In America". IMBd. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  44. ^ Radelet, Michael L.; Bedau, Hugo Adam; Putnam, Constance E. (1994). In Spite Of Innocence: Erroneous Convictions in Capital Cases. Northeastern Publisher. p. 400. ISBN 978-1555531973.
  45. ^ Newfield, Jack (September 18, 1969). "Silent Epidemic In The Slums" (3). The Village Voice.
  46. ^ Gonzales, Juan (June 10, 2003). "SPEAKER'S FLAKY IN LEAD POISON FIGHT". The New York Daily New.
  47. ^ Packard, Randall M.; Berkelman, Ruth L.; Frumkin, Howard; Brown, Peter, J., eds. (July 30, 2004). Emerging Illnesses and Society: Negotiating the Public Health Agenda (1st ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 235. ISBN 978-0801879425.
  48. ^ Keelan, Goeff; Goodlet, Kirk W (July 17, 2014). "The "Silent Epidemic" of Lead Poisoning". Clio's Current. ISSN 2374-1406.
  49. ^ Newfield, Jack (August 29, 1999). "Brothers Arm-In-Arm: Monument Due for Pee Wee & Jackie". New York Post.
  50. ^ Berkow, Ira (November 2, 2005). "Two Men Who Did the Right Thing". The New York Times.
  51. ^ Martin, Douglas (December 22, 2004). "Jack Newfield, 66, Proud Muckraker, Dies". The New York Times.
  52. ^ "George Polk Awards, Past Award Winners". Political Reporting. Long Island University. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  53. ^ Newfield, Jack (1966). "A Prophetic Minority". New York: New American Library: 212. OCLC 230800.
  54. ^ Newfield, Jack (1970). Robert Kennedy : a memoir. London: Jonathan Cape. pp. 318 pages. ISBN 978-0224618168.
  55. ^ Newfield, Jack (1971). Bread and Roses too : Reporting About America (1st ed.). New York: E.P. Dutton & Co. p. 429. ISBN 978-0525070856.
  56. ^ Newfield, Jack (1974). Cruel and Unusual Justice (1st ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. p. 205. ISBN 978-0030110412.
  57. ^ Newfield, Jack (1984). The Education of Jack Newfield (1st ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 200. ISBN 978-0312237394.
  58. ^ Newfield, Jack (1995). Only In America ; The Life and Crimes of Don King. New York: William Morrow. pp. xiii, 352 pages, [14] pages of plates : illustrations, 24 cm. ISBN 978-0688101237.
  59. ^ Newfield, Jack (2002). The Full Rudy : The Man, The Myth, The Mania. New York: Thunder Mouth's Press/Nation Books. p. 176.
  60. ^ Somebody's gotta tell it : the upbeat memoir of a working-class journalist (1st ed.). New York: St. Martin Press. 2002. pp. xii, 336 pages. ISBN 978-0312269005.
  61. ^ Newfield, Jack, ed. (2003). American Rebels (1st ed.). New York: Thunder's Mouth/Nation Books. pp. xv, 368 pages. ISBN 978-1560255437.
  62. ^ Newfield, Jack; Grossman, Robert (1966). "Animal Ranch : The Great American Fable". Monocle Periodicals. 5 (5): 63 pages : illustrations, 21 cm. OCLC 1497726.
  63. ^ Newfield, Jack; Greenfield, Jeff (1972). "A Populist Manifesto : The Making of a New Majority". Washington: Praeger Publishers: 221. OCLC 635986484.
  64. ^ Newfield, Jack; Du Brul, Paul (1977). The Abuse of Power : The Permanent Government and the Fall of New York (1st ed.). New York: Viking Press. pp. xiv, 368 pages, [7] leaves of plates : illustrations, 24 cm. ISBN 978-0670102044.
  65. ^ Newfield, Jack; Du Brul, Paul (1981). The permanent government : who really rules New York? (1st editton ed.). New York: Pilgrim Press. p. 304. ISBN 978-0829804669.
  66. ^ Newfield, Jack (1988). City For Sale : Ed Koch and the Betrayal of New York. New York: Harper & Row. pp. 466 pages, [32] pages of plates : illustrations, 24 cm. ISBN 978-0060160609.
  67. ^ Newfield, Jack; Jacobson, Mark (2004). American monsters : 44 Rats, Blackhats, and Plutocrats. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press. pp. xv, 377 pages. ISBN 978-1560255543.
  68. ^ "Notable Biographies : Michael Moore Biography". Encyclopedia of World Biography. Encyclopedia of World Biography.
  69. ^ Tony, Ortega. "Bobby Kennedy In The Village". The Village Voice Archive. The Village Voice. Retrieved August 10, 2009.

External links

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José Sulaimán

José Sulaimán Chagnón (May 30, 1931 – January 16, 2014) was a Mexican boxing official. He was the president of the World Boxing Council.

Louis Allen

Louis Allen (April 25, 1919 – January 31, 1964) was an African-American citizen and businessman in Liberty, Mississippi. He was shot and killed on his land during the civil rights era. He had previously tried to register to vote. In addition, he was suspected of talking to federal officials after witnessing the 1961 murder of Herbert Lee, an NAACP member, by E. H. Hurst, a white state legislator. Civil rights activists had come to Liberty that summer to organize for voter registration; as no African-American had been allowed to vote since 1890, when the state's disenfranchising constitution was passed.

Allen was harassed by the Amite County sheriff and jailed repeatedly. The day before he planned to move out of state, Allen was fatally shot on his own property. Since the late 20th century, his case has been investigated by a history professor at Tulane University. It was reopened by the FBI beginning in 2007 as part of its review of civil rights-era cold cases. In 2011 the CBS program 60 Minutes conducted a special on his murder as well. Their work suggested that Allen was killed by Daniel Jones, the then county sheriff. However, no one has been prosecuted for the murder.

New Journalism

New Journalism is a style of news writing and journalism, developed in the 1960s and 1970s, which uses literary techniques deemed unconventional at the time. It is characterized by a subjective perspective, a literary style reminiscent of long-form non-fiction and emphasizing "truth" over "facts", and intensive reportage in which reporters immersed themselves in the stories as they reported and wrote them. This was in contrast to traditional journalism where the journalist was typically "invisible" and facts are reported as objectively as possible. The phenomenon of New Journalism is generally considered to have ended by the early 1980s.

The term was codified with its current meaning by Tom Wolfe in a 1973 collection of journalism articles he published as The New Journalism, which included works by himself, Truman Capote, Hunter S. Thompson, Norman Mailer, Joan Didion, Terry Southern, Robert Christgau, Gay Talese and others.

Articles in the New Journalism style tended not to be found in newspapers, but rather in magazines such as The Atlantic Monthly, Harper's, CoEvolution Quarterly, Esquire, New York, The New Yorker, Rolling Stone, and for a short while in the early 1970s, Scanlan's Monthly.

Contemporary journalists and writers questioned the "newness" of New Journalism, as well as whether it qualified as a distinct genre. The subjective nature of New Journalism received extensive exploration; one critic suggested the genre's practitioners were functioning more as sociologists or psychoanalysts than as journalists. Criticism has been leveled at numerous individual writers in the genre, as well.

New Times (magazine)

New Times was an American glossy bi-weekly national magazine published from 1973 to 1979 by George A. Hirsch.

Noel Parmentel

Noel E. Parmentel, Jr., was a leading figure on the New York political journalism, literary, and cultural scene during the third quarter of the 20th Century.

Born in 1926 in Algiers (a part of greater New Orleans), Parmentel attended Tulane University after service in the Marine Corps, and migrated to New York in the 1950s. There he quickly became a prominent fixture in literary circles and in political journalism, "the tall, shambling New Orleans freelance pundit," known for his witty essays, usually targeting those he considered "phonies," be they of the left or the right. "Anyone who knew anything about New York then knew Noel," wrote Dan Wakefield in New York in the Fifties, describing Parmentel's making "a fine art of the ethnic insult," dining out on his "reputation for outrageousness," and savaging the right in The Nation, the left in National Review, and both in Esquire. He was "a respecter of no race or tradition or station," his style "that of an axe-murderer, albeit a funny one," in the words of his early protégé John Gregory Dunne; William F. Buckley, Jr., wrote admiringly of Parmentel's "vituperative art." In the New York of the day, though "phonies" were proportionately distributed among the political classes, the left was more numerous than the right; Parmentel thus had the reputation in some circles of being an arch-conservative, which in fact he was not. (Carey McWilliams, editor of The Nation, credited Parmentel with introducing the much-quoted line about Richard Nixon, "Would You Buy a Used Car From This Man?".) Those he respected as not "phonies" included such varied figures as the sociologist C. Wright Mills, the politician Adam Clayton Powell Jr., the Tammany Hall boss Carmine DeSapio, and Father James Harold Flye, mentor of James Agee.Among his most widely remembered essays were a piece on Young Americans for Freedom entitled The Acne and the Ecstasy, one called John Lindsay - Less Than Meets the Eye, and one on Henry Kissinger called Portnoy on the Potomac. In 1964 he and Marshall Dodge published Folk Songs for Conservatives, illustrated by the caricaturist David Levine and containing such lyrics as "Won't You Come Home, Bill Buckley," "Hang Down Your Head, Tom Dewey," "D'Ye Ken John Birch", and "I Dreamed I Saw Roy Cohn Last Night", with a companion LP record of the songs purportedly sung by "Noel X and the Unbleached Muslims"; and he and Levine published a booklet of rhymes and caricatures of Johnson Administration figures called Meanwhile, Back at the Ranch.Parmentel was associated in several ventures with the novelist Norman Mailer (who said of him, according to Dunne, "I must love him, otherwise I'd kill him," but who spoke of Parmentel as "a marvelously funny guy.") He appeared in Mailer's films Beyond the Law and Maidstone; it was he and Village Voice columnist Jack Newfield who proposed to Mailer that he conduct his famous campaign for mayor of New York in 1969. Parmentel worked in Mailer's campaign, and contributed what The New York Times called a "witty article" to a collection of essays about that venture.Parmentel collaborated with his friend Richard Leacock, the pioneer in modern documentary filmmaking, on several films that became lasting classics, including Campaign Manager, following the activities of the manager of the 1964 Goldwater campaign; Chiefs, about a police chiefs' convention in 1968 in Hawaii; and the Emmy-winning Ku Klux Klan - the Invisible Empire, broadcast on CBS in 1965. He was involved in several feature film projects, none of which reached the screen, including a film adaptation of Robert Penn Warren's novel Night Rider; a film adaptation of Walker Percy's philosophical novel The Moviegoer, which was to have featured Blythe Danner; a film adaptation of Ole Edvart Rølvaag's classic Giants in the Earth; Mallory, about a character strongly reminiscent of Joseph P. Kennedy; and Missy, about a character strongly reminiscent of a prominent apostle of Women's Lib. The director Jim McBride borrowed Parmentel's surname, and some perceived personal characteristics, for the character played by Charles Ludlam in McBride's film The Big Easy.

Parmentel was noted for helping launch the careers of aspiring young writers of the 1950s and 1960s. John Gregory Dunne called him "as close to a mentor as anyone I have ever known. ... He taught me to accept nothing at face value, to question everything, above all to be wary. From him I developed an eye for social nuance, learned to look with a spark of compassion upon the socially unacceptable, to search for the taint of metastasis in the socially acceptable." Joan Didion first found an audience for her serious essays owing to Parmentel's recommendations; through his efforts her first novel was published (he is a dedicatee of that novel, Run, River); some aspects of the character "Warren Bogart" in her novel A Book of Common Prayer are modeled on Parmentel.The lively New York intellectual ferment of the 1950s and 1960s faded with the general decline of the city in the 1970s and 1980s, and Parmentel's activity fell off along with that of the other prominent figures of those golden years. In recent years he has published occasional essays, chiefly in The Nation.

Northern Student Movement

The Northern Student Movement (NSM) was an American civil rights organization that drew inspiration from sit-ins and lunch counter protests led by students in the south. NSM was founded at Yale University in 1961 by Peter J. Countryman, grew out of the work of a committee formed by the New England Student Christian Movement, and was affiliated with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Countryman began NSM's work by collecting books for a predominantly African-American college and raising funds for SNCC. He then turned to organizing tutoring programs for inner city youth in northeastern cities. By 1963, NSM was reported to be helping as many as 3,500 children using 2,200 student volunteers from 50 colleges and universities. NSM also encouraged direct-action protests, sending volunteers to sit-ins in the South and organizing rent strikes in the North. In the early 60's, NSM's work was divided into three areas which were each headed by an executive committee: "the campus, the community, and the south."

On the Mindless Menace of Violence

On the Mindless Menace of Violence is a speech given by United States Senator and presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy. He delivered it in front of the City Club of Cleveland at the Sheraton-Cleveland Hotel on April 5, 1968, the day after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. With the speech, Kennedy sought to counter the King-related riots and disorder emerging in various cities, and address the growing problem of violence in American society.

On April 4, King, a prominent African-American civil rights leader, was assassinated. Race riots subsequently broke out across the United States. After delivering an improvised speech on the matter in Indianapolis, Kennedy withdrew to the hotel he was staying in and suspended his presidential campaign. Community leaders convinced him to keep a single engagement before the City Club of Cleveland. Doing away with his prepared remarks, Kennedy's speechwriters worked early into the morning of April 5 to craft a response to the assassination. Kennedy reviewed and revised the draft en route to Cleveland. Speaking for only ten minutes, Kennedy outlined his view on violence in American society before a crowd of 2,200. He criticized both the rioters and the white establishment who, from his perspective, were responsible for the deterioration of social conditions in the United States. He proposed no specific solutions to the internal division and conflict, but urged the audience to seek common ground and try to cooperate with other Americans.

Kennedy's speech received much less attention than his famous remarks in Indianapolis and was largely forgotten by the news media and scholars. However, several of his aides considered it to be among his finest orations. Journalist Jack Newfield was of the opinion that the address was a suitable epitaph for the senator, who was assassinated two months later.

Robert Kennedy and His Times

Robert Kennedy and His Times is a 1985 American television miniseries directed by Marvin J. Chomsky, based on the 1978 Robert F. Kennedy biography of the same name by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr..

The Great Speckled Bird (newspaper)

The Great Speckled Bird was a counterculture underground newspaper based in Atlanta, Georgia from 1968 to 1976. Commonly known as The Bird, it was founded by New Left activists from Emory University and members of the Southern Student Organizing Committee, an offshoot of Students for a Democratic Society. Founding editors included Tom and Stephanie Coffin, Howard Romaine and Gene Guerrero Jr. The first issue appeared March 8, 1968, and within 6 months it was publishing weekly. By 1970 it was the third largest weekly newspaper in Georgia with a paid circulation of 22,000 copies. The paper subscribed to Liberation News Service, a leftist news collective. The office of The Great Speckled Bird at the north end of Piedmont Park (240 Westminster Dr.) was firebombed and destroyed on May 6, 1972. In a letter to the editor of the New York Review of Books, Jack Newfield et al. note that the bombing occurred after the paper published an exposé of the mayor of Atlanta.Writing in the Atlanta Magazine, Justin Heckert described The Bird’s approach as one that treated objectivity as "a myth perpetuated by the capitalist press." According to a statement in The Bird, "These are our opinions and we are entitled to them, they are not written anywhere else. So, don't expect us to tell both sides of the story. The big newspapers, magazines, TV and radio do that all day long. Here you will hear our side of things." The Bird chose to report on issues not covered in mainstream newspapers. It centered the war in Vietnam, black power, women's liberation, gay activism, red-baiting, Atlanta politics, labor, and environmental issues. The Bird's Women's Caucus challenged the paper's advertising norms and pushed the collective to share tasks more equitably. The Bird included comix by Ron Ausburn and contributions on art and culture by Miller Francis.

The newspaper, affectionally known as "The Bird," was originally named after the country-gospel song of the same name.In 2011 Georgia State University made a digital archive of the Bird available online.

Tikkun (magazine)

Tikkun is a quarterly interfaith Jewish left-progressive magazine and website, published in the United States, that analyzes American and Israeli culture, politics, religion, and history in the English language. The magazine has consistently published the work of Israeli and Palestinian left-wing intellectuals, but also included book and music reviews, personal essays, and poetry. In 2006 and 2011, the magazine was awarded the Independent Press Award for Best Spiritual Coverage by Utne Reader for its analysis of the inability of many progressives to understand people's yearning for faith, and the American fundamentalists' political influence on the international conflict among religious zealots. The magazine was founded in 1986 by Michael Lerner and his then-wife Nan Fink Gefen. Since 2012, its publisher is Duke University Press. Beyt Tikkun Synagogue, led by Rabbi Michael Lerner, is loosely affiliated with Tikkun magazine. It describes itself as a "hallachic community bound by Jewish law".

Wayne Barrett

Wayne Barrett (July 11, 1945 – January 19, 2017) was an American journalist. He was an investigative reporter and senior editor for The Village Voice for 37 years. Barrett was a Fellow with The Nation Institute and contributor to Newsweek. He held degrees from Saint Joseph's University and the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, where he served on the adjunct faculty for over thirty years.

Barrett authored many articles and books about politicians, especially New York City figures such as Ed Koch, Donald Trump, and Rudy Giuliani. He was a major interviewee in Kevin Keating's 2006 documentary Giuliani Time.

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